Researchers produce green syngas using CO2, water and sunlight

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Researchers from the University of Michigan and McGill University in Canada report photochemical syngas synthesis using a core/shell Au@Cr 2 O 3 dual cocatalyst in coordination with multistacked InGaN/GaN nanowires (NWs) with the sole inputs of CO 2 , water, and solar light.

Water 401

Cambridge researchers develop standalone device that makes formic acid from sunlight, CO2 and water

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Researchers at the University of Cambridge, with colleagues at the University of Tokyo, have developed a standalone device that converts sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into formic acid, a carbon-neutral fuel, without requiring any additional components or electricity.

2020 344

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Innovative water treatment at Audi Ingolstadt saves up to 500,000 cubic meters of fresh water a year; heading to ZLD

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Audi has put a new service-water supply center into operation at the Ingolstadt site. In this way, Audi will saves up to 500,000 cubic meters of fresh water each year. The heart of the service-water supply center is a membrane bioreactor (MBR). Water is necessary in the entire manufacturing process of an automobile—in the paint shop, for example. With the new service-water supply center, Audi is making more efficient use of water as a resource.

2019 214

DOE selects 2 projects to demonstrate feasibility of enhanced water recovery; producing usable water from CO2 storage sites

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has selected two projects that will test emerging enhanced water recovery (EWR) technologies for their potential to produce useable water from CO 2 storage sites. The novel management strategy designed for this project combines “active” water extraction from one well with “passive” pressure relief using another well, using an adaptive process. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Water

2016 150

Berkeley Lab team validates bio-analogous technique for converting CO2 into liquid acetate

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Based on those previous studies, Yang and his team reasoned that artificial photosynthesis devices equipped with a copper catalyst should be able to convert CO 2 and water into methyl and carbonyl groups, and then turn these products into acetate.

GWU team uses one-pot process to co-generate H2 and solid carbon from water and CO2; solar fuels

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One-pot electrolytic process produces H 2 and solid carbon from water and CO 2. A team at George Washington University led by Professor Stuart Licht has simultaneously co-generated hydrogen and solid carbon fuels from water and CO 2 using a mixed hydroxide/carbonate electrolyte in a “single-pot” electrolytic synthesis at temperatures below 650 ?C. 2014), “A One-Pot Synthesis of Hydrogen and Carbon Fuels from Water and Carbon Dioxide,” Adv.

2014 209

Surrey team developing direct-air-capture CO2 to methanol process

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One of the biggest advantages to direct air capture technology is that it does not rely on extensive land and water use, unlike alternatives such as biomass. Researchers at the University of Surrey (UK) are developing a process to capture carbon dioxide directly from the air and then use dynamic catalysis to create methanol—a valuable chemical that, made this way, could be carbon-negative. Its value could offset the cost of direct air capture.

CO2 274

Twelve and LanzaTech successfully convert CO2 to ethanol

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Twelve and LanzaTech are eliminating fossil fuels from ethanol production by converting CO 2 to CO through Twelve’s carbon transformation technology (a new class of CO 2 -reducing catalysts and a novel device that splits CO 2 with just water and renewable electricity as inputs), and subsequently using LanzaTech’s small Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR) to convert CO to ethanol.

Sandia team puts power into local grid with supercritical CO2 closed-loop Brayton-cycle turbine

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Because so much energy is lost turning steam back into water in the Rankine cycle, at most a third of the power in the steam can be converted into electricity. For this test, the engineers heated up the CO 2 using an electrical heater, fairly similar to a home water heater.

Grid 329

New efficient, low-temperature catalyst for converting water and CO to hydrogen and CO2

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Scientists in the US and China have developed a new low-temperature catalyst for producing high-purity hydrogen gas while simultaneously using up carbon monoxide (CO) via the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction. In order to achieve high WGS activity at low temperature, we searched for catalysts that could dissociate water efficiently and reform the generated oxygen-containing species (reaction of surface oxygen or hydroxyl with CO*) at low temperature.

2017 174

Audi in new e-fuels project: synthetic diesel from water, air-captured CO2 and green electricity; “Blue Crude”

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Audi’s latest e-fuels project is participation in a a pilot plant project in Dresden that produces diesel fuel from water, CO 2 and green electricity. The sunfire plant, which operates according to the “power-to-liquid” (PtL) principle, requires carbon dioxide, water and electricity as raw materials. In a separate process, a solid oxide electrolysis (SOEC) unit powered with green electricity splits water into hydrogen and oxygen.

2014 317

Evonik and Siemens launch phase 2 of Rheticus: butanol, hexanol from CO2 and water using renewable electricity and bacteria

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The goal is to develop an efficient and powerful test plant that will use carbon dioxide and water as well as electricity from renewable sources and bacteria to produce specialty chemicals. In a first step, carbon dioxide and water are converted into carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen in electrolyzers with the aid of electricity. Artificial photosynthesis means combining chemical and biological steps so that energy can be used to produce viable chemicals from CO 2 and water.

2019 163

PNNL team develops new low-cost method to convert captured CO2 to methane

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By using a water-lean post-combustion capture solvent, (N-(2-ethoxyethyl)-3-morpholinopropan-1-amine) (2-EEMPA), they achieved a greater than 90% conversion of captured CO 2 to hydrocarbons—mostly methane—in the presence of a heterogenous Ru catalyst under relatively mild reaction conditions (170 °C and 2 pressure). But these traditional solvents have relatively high water content, making methane conversion difficult.

Yamaha and Sumitomo demo on-board thermoelectric generator for CO2 reduction

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The test TEG unit consisted of four YGPX024 TEG modules, two heat exchangers for exhaust gas and three heat exchangers for water cooling circuit stacked together (above). The existing water pump on the vehicle was used to supply coolant to TEG unit.

CO2 284

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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Geely’s CRI investment and work with renewable methanol is similar to the approach Audi is taking with its own e-fuels projects—producing very low carbon liquid or gaseous fuels using only renewable energy, water and CO 2. Its first commercial-scale production plant obtains carbon dioxide from gas emissions from a geothermal power plant and hydrogen via electrolysis of water using renewable sources of energy from the Icelandic power grid (from hydro, geothermal and wind sources).

2015 214

PSI team demonstrates direct hydrocarbon fuel production from water and CO2 by solar-driven thermochemical cycles

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syngas—from water and CO 2. Now, a team from the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in Switzerland has demonstrated the direct production of hydrocarbon fuel—specifically methane—from water and CO 2 by incorporating a catalytic process into STCs. Schematic illustration of direct hydrocarbon (C x H y O z ) formation from water and carbon dioxide during the reoxidation of reduced ceria doped with a catalyst (Cat.).

2016 163

SOLAR-JET project demonstrates solar-driven thermochemical conversion of CO2 and water to jet fuel

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The EU-funded SOLAR-JET project has demonstrated the production of aviation kerosene from concentrated sunlight, CO 2 captured from air, and water. SOLAR-JET ( S olar chemical reactor demonstration and O ptimization for L ong-term A vailability of R enewable JET fuel) uses sunlight in a concentrated solar reactor to convert CO 2 and water to syngas (a mixture of hydrogen and CO), which is then processed in a Fischer-Tropsch reactor to aviation kerosene.

2014 228

Oxford team directly converts CO2 to jet fuel using iron-based catalysts

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The CO 2 hydrogenation to jet fuel range hydrocarbons process through a Tandem Mechanism in which the Reverse-Water Gas Shift reaction (RWGS) and Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) reaction are catalyzed by Fe 3 O 4 and ?-Fe Fe 5 C 2 by CO 2 /water in the first hours of the catalytic reaction.

2020 401

Researchers develop titanium and copper heterostructured photocatalyst for conversion of CO2 into CH4

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Under illumination for 6 hours, the optimized reduced titania-Cu 2 O photocatalyst enables 0.13% photoreduction of highly diluted CO 2 with water vapors to 462 nmol g ?1

2020 281

MIT researchers advancing development of supercritical water upgrading of heavy crude; lower cost, energy use and CO2

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Findings by MIT researchers could help advance the commercialization of supercritical water technology for the desulfurization and upgrading of high-sulfur crude oil into high-value, cleaner fuels such as gasoline without using hydrogen—a major change in refining technology that would reduce costs, energy use, and CO 2 emissions. SCWU uses water rather than natural gas as the source of the hydrogen molecules needed for the key chemical reactions in the refining process.

2015 214

New highly efficient catalyst for photoelectrochemical CO2 reduction toward methane

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The copper and iron hold onto molecules by their carbon and oxygen atoms, buying time for hydrogen to make the leap from the water molecule fragments onto the carbon atom. It can use the sun’s energy or an electrical current to break down the carbon dioxide and water.

2020 298

Photocatalytic reduction of CO2 to formic acid using an alumina-supported, iron-based compound; 80-90% selectivity

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The rising CO2 levels in our atmosphere and their contribution to global warming is now common news. As researchers experiment with different ways to battle this problem, one efficient solution has emerged—converting excess atmospheric CO2 into energy-rich chemicals.

CO2 195

PCC SE and Landsvirkjun to convert silicon metal plant CO2 emissions to methanol

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The process of methanol synthesis requires the input of pure carbon dioxide and hydrogen from water electrolysis, with the only by-product being oxygen and water.

Audi Produces e-Diesel Fuel From Water, CO2, Renewable Energy

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Cars are getting more efficient, but the fuels that power them may soon change too. That''s especially true when it comes to diesel, where the loose "biodiesel" category is being expanded to include a new variety of synthetic fuels. These experimental diesel alternatives are chemically identical to petroleum-based diesel--meaning they can be used. Biofuels Carbon Footprint biodiesel renewable diesel fuel

2015 118

Johnson Matthey launches HyCOgen; converting CO2 and green hydrogen into sustainable aviation fuel

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HyCOgen, Johnson Matthey’s Reverse Water Gas Shift technology, is a catalyzed process to convert green hydrogen and CO 2 into carbon monoxide (CO), which is combined with additional hydrogen to form synthesis gas (syngas), a crucial building block in the manufacture of fuels and chemicals. Johnson Matthey has launched HyCOgen, a technologyt designed to play a pivotal role in enabling the conversion of captured carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and green hydrogen into sustainable aviation fuel (SAF).

Researchers develop new stable artificial photosynthesis device to produce ethylene and hydrogen from sunlight and CO2

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Electron microscopy experiments at the Molecular Foundry confirmed that cuprous oxide quickly oxidizes or corrodes within minutes of exposure to light and water. In artificial photosynthesis research, researchers have typically used water as the electrolyte in the reduction of carbon dioxide into renewable chemicals or fuels, such as ethylene and hydrogen—but water contains hydroxide ions, which leads to instability.

Study: 2/3 of aviation climate impact due to emissions other than CO2

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Net positive RF (warming) contributions arise from CO 2 , water vapor, NO x , and soot emissions, and from contrail cirrus (consisting of linear contrails and the cirrus cloudiness arising from them). Aviation accounts for 3.5%

2020 363

Audi partnering with Climeworks on CO2 direct air capture and storage

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Water from the Hellisheiði power plant then flows through the facility and transports the carbon dioxide roughly 2,000 meters below the surface of the Earth. The water returns to the cycle of the geothermal power plant.

2020 362

RPI researchers to develop novel porous material for air capture of CO2

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In those areas, we can use this technology to capture CO2 from the air and then combine that with the hydrogen generated from solar energy in order to produce liquid fuel. In his previous work, he’s developed membranes capable of capturing CO 2 while filtering-out other molecules like water.

2020 253

UC Berkeley hybrid semiconductor nanowire-bacteria system for direct solar-powered production of chemicals from CO2 and water

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Researchers at UC Berkeley have developed an artificial photosynthetic scheme for the direct solar-powered production of value-added chemicals from CO 2 and water using a two-step process involving a biocompatible light-capturing nanowire array with a direct interface with microbial systems.

2015 207

MIT researchers propose mechanism for overcoming bottleneck in electroreduction of CO2

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In these reactions, the biggest challenge has been curbing competing reactions that can take place at the same time, especially the splitting of water molecules into oxygen and hydrogen.

MIT 254

Audi opens power-to-gas facility in Werlte/Emsland; e-gas from water, green electricity and CO2

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Water and oxygen are the only by-products. At this facility, microorganisms use water (brackish, salt or wastewater) sunlight and carbon dioxide to produce high-purity fuels. Audi’s e-gas plant. Click to enlarge. Audi has opened its e-gas plant in Werlte, making it the first automobile manufacturer to develop a chain of sustainable energy carriers. Earlier post.).

2013 247

AirCapture, OCOchem and partners win $2.93M DOE grant for direct air capture of CO2 and conversion to formic acid

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OCOchem transforms recycled CO 2 , water and zero-carbon electricity to produce formic acid, a globally traded commodity chemical and emerging electro-fuel. The goal is to use both companies’ technology to design an integrated carbon capture and conversion plant that uses waste steam from Nutrien’s fertilizer facility to extract CO 2 from the air and then convert it, with water and electricity, to make formic acid.

Alberta’s IETP awarding $33M in allowances to 5 projects to reduce oil sands CO2 and water use, improve recovery

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Alberta’s Innovative Energy Technologies Program (IETP) is supporting 5 new pilot projects to reduce energy use, water use and CO 2 emissions in oil sands processing as well as improving the recovery of crude oil and bitumen in reserves that were once unrecoverable. The Cyclic Solvent Process (CSP) eliminates the need for large amounts of energy and water to generate steam. Water and/or solvent will be injected concurrent with the electrical heating.

2013 195

Twelve and Alaska Airlines to collaborate with Microsoft to advance sustainable aviation fuel derived from recaptured CO2 and renewable energy

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Twelve has developed an efficient polymer-electrolyte membrane (PEM) CO 2 electrolyzer that uses proprietary CO 2 -reducing catalysts to split CO 2 with just water and renewable electricity as inputs, syngas (CO and hydrogen) as the output, and pure oxygen as the only byproduct.

Alaska 212

BMW i Ventures invests in Prometheus Fuels; CO2 air-capture and conversion to carbon-neutral gasoline

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The conversion of CO 2 to fuels in these inexpensive water-based systems has shown high faradic efficiencies for reduction of CO 2. The separation of ethanol and other fuel products from water. A previous obstacle to the aqueous CO 2 electrolysis pathway has been the difficulty of separating ethanol and other alcohols from water. Separation of these fule products from water can now be achieved by nanotechnology-based separation, operated at room temperature and pressure.

2020 264

Researchers tailor catalyst microenvironments to enhance CO2 electroreduction to multicarbon products

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But those conditions are contrary to those that naturally occur in a typical fuel cell, which uses a water-based conductive material. A promising route for turning CO 2 emissions into a fuel feedstock is the process of electrochemical reduction (e.g., earlier post ).

CO2 212

New Audi paintshop at Ingolstadt; heating energy & water per car down by 20%, CO2 by 30%, VOCs by 90%; bell-bell

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Heating energy and water consumption per car are reduced by 20%. Audi has put a new topcoat paint shop into operation at its plant in Ingolstadt. The new paint shop incorporates technologies such as air recirculation, dry separation and exhaust air cleaning that enable a significant reduction in the use of resources. Air recirculation also helps to reduce CO₂‑emissions per painted car by 30%, while the cleaning of exhaust air reduces emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by 90%.

2016 190

Evonik and Siemens Energy commission pilot plant for conversion of CO2 to chemicals

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Evonik and Siemens Energy commissioned a pilot plant—sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)—that uses carbon dioxide and water to produce chemicals.

2020 227

Earth-abundant electrocatalysts for the reduction of CO2 to CO

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Also, a spontaneous dissociation of absorbed COOH species to a water molecule and absorbed CO on Mo 2 C promote the CO 2 RR. A team led by researchers form Temple University has developed earth-abundant electrocatalysts—Mo 2 C and Ti 3 C 2 MXenes—for the electroreduction of CO 2 to CO.

CO2 174

Twelve produces first batch of E-Jet fuel from CO2 electrolysis; partnership with USAF; electrifying fuel, not planes

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Twelve has developed an efficient polymer-electrolyte membrane (PEM) CO 2 electrolyzer that uses proprietary CO 2 -reducing catalysts to split CO 2 with just water and renewable electricity as inputs, syngas (CO and hydrogen) as the output, and pure oxygen as the only byproduct.

CO2 276

Researchers develop wave-energy-driven CO2 reduction system for production of carbon-based liquid fuels

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Under simulated waves, the system can produce 2.798 µmol of formic acid per day via the wave energy harvested from a water’s surface area of 0.04

2019 311

Snam and Saipem sign MoU to work together on green hydrogen development and CO2 capture

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Snam and Saipem have already started working together, focusing in particular on developing the technology of water electrolysis, a process that makes it possible to reduce CO 2 emissions to zero in the production of green hydrogen.

2020 265