Cambridge researchers develop standalone device that makes formic acid from sunlight, CO2 and water

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Researchers at the University of Cambridge, with colleagues at the University of Tokyo, have developed a standalone device that converts sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into formic acid, a carbon-neutral fuel, without requiring any additional components or electricity.

2020 334

Johnson Matthey launches HyCOgen; converting CO2 and green hydrogen into sustainable aviation fuel

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Johnson Matthey has launched HyCOgen, a technologyt designed to play a pivotal role in enabling the conversion of captured carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and green hydrogen into sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). HyCOgen, Johnson Matthey’s Reverse Water Gas Shift technology, is a catalyzed process to convert green hydrogen and CO 2 into carbon monoxide (CO), which is combined with additional hydrogen to form synthesis gas (syngas), a crucial building block in the manufacture of fuels and chemicals.

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Researchers develop new stable artificial photosynthesis device to produce ethylene and hydrogen from sunlight and CO2

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A research team has developed a new artificial photosynthesis device component with remarkable stability and longevity as it selectively converts sunlight and carbon dioxide into two promising sources of renewable fuels: ethylene and hydrogen. Electron microscopy experiments at the Molecular Foundry confirmed that cuprous oxide quickly oxidizes or corrodes within minutes of exposure to light and water.

Snam and Saipem sign MoU to work together on green hydrogen development and CO2 capture

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Italy-based Snam, a leading energy infrastructure operator, and Saipem, an Italian multinational oilfield services company, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to start working together to define and to develop initiatives for green hydrogen production and transport, and for carbon dioxide capture, transport and reuse or storage (CCS and CCU). Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Market Background Oil Power-to-Gas

2020 256

New efficient, low-temperature catalyst for converting water and CO to hydrogen and CO2

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Scientists in the US and China have developed a new low-temperature catalyst for producing high-purity hydrogen gas while simultaneously using up carbon monoxide (CO) via the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction. The discovery—described in a paper in the journal Science —could improve the performance of fuel cells that run on hydrogen fuel but can be poisoned by CO. Its synergy with adjacent Mo sites in α-MoC can effectively activate water at low temperature.

2017 174

Photocatalytic reduction of CO2 to formic acid using an alumina-supported, iron-based compound; 80-90% selectivity

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The rising CO2 levels in our atmosphere and their contribution to global warming is now common news. As researchers experiment with different ways to battle this problem, one efficient solution has emerged—converting excess atmospheric CO2 into energy-rich chemicals.

CO2 195

PNNL team develops new low-cost method to convert captured CO2 to methane

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By using a water-lean post-combustion capture solvent, (N-(2-ethoxyethyl)-3-morpholinopropan-1-amine) (2-EEMPA), they achieved a greater than 90% conversion of captured CO 2 to hydrocarbons—mostly methane—in the presence of a heterogenous Ru catalyst under relatively mild reaction conditions (170 °C and 2 pressure). But these traditional solvents have relatively high water content, making methane conversion difficult.

PCC SE and Landsvirkjun to convert silicon metal plant CO2 emissions to methanol

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The process of methanol synthesis requires the input of pure carbon dioxide and hydrogen from water electrolysis, with the only by-product being oxygen and water. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Hydrogen Production Market Background Methanol

GWU team uses one-pot process to co-generate H2 and solid carbon from water and CO2; solar fuels

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One-pot electrolytic process produces H 2 and solid carbon from water and CO 2. A team at George Washington University led by Professor Stuart Licht has simultaneously co-generated hydrogen and solid carbon fuels from water and CO 2 using a mixed hydroxide/carbonate electrolyte in a “single-pot” electrolytic synthesis at temperatures below 650 ?C. Measured coulombic efficiency of hydrogen generation (η H2 ) in various molten hydroxide electrolytes at various temperatures.

2014 200

PSI and Empa launch $6.9M SynFuels project to produce kerosene from CO2 and hydrogen

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The goal is to develop a process for producing kerosene from carbond dioxide and green hydrogen. Over the next three years, the two Swiss research institutes will jointly search for practical ways of linking carbon dioxide and hydrogen to form longer-chain molecules and thus produce synthetic fuels. Carbon dioxide and green hydrogen are the starting materials for the manufacturing process to be developed.

CO2 167

New system for more efficient CO2 electrolysis to hydrocarbon products

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The researchers combined a copper electrocatalyst with an ionomer [polymers that conduct ions and water] assembly that intersperses sulfonate-lined paths for the H 2 O with fluorocarbon channels for the CO 2. 2020) “CO2 electrolysis to multicarbon products at activities greater than 1 A cm -2.”

2020 328

Evonik and Siemens launch phase 2 of Rheticus: butanol, hexanol from CO2 and water using renewable electricity and bacteria

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The goal is to develop an efficient and powerful test plant that will use carbon dioxide and water as well as electricity from renewable sources and bacteria to produce specialty chemicals. In a first step, carbon dioxide and water are converted into carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen in electrolyzers with the aid of electricity. Artificial photosynthesis means combining chemical and biological steps so that energy can be used to produce viable chemicals from CO 2 and water.

2019 163

Audi in new e-fuels project: synthetic diesel from water, air-captured CO2 and green electricity; “Blue Crude”

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Audi’s latest e-fuels project is participation in a a pilot plant project in Dresden that produces diesel fuel from water, CO 2 and green electricity. The sunfire plant, which operates according to the “power-to-liquid” (PtL) principle, requires carbon dioxide, water and electricity as raw materials. In a separate process, a solid oxide electrolysis (SOEC) unit powered with green electricity splits water into hydrogen and oxygen.

2014 315

Oxford team directly converts CO2 to jet fuel using iron-based catalysts

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The catalyst shows a carbon dioxide conversion through hydrogenation to hydrocarbons in the aviation jet fuel range of 38.2%, with a yield of 17.2%, and a selectivity of 47.8%, and with an attendant low carbon monoxide (5.6%) and methane selectivity (10.4%).

2020 397

AirCapture, OCOchem and partners win $2.93M DOE grant for direct air capture of CO2 and conversion to formic acid

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OCOchem transforms recycled CO 2 , water and zero-carbon electricity to produce formic acid, a globally traded commodity chemical and emerging electro-fuel. The goal is to use both companies’ technology to design an integrated carbon capture and conversion plant that uses waste steam from Nutrien’s fertilizer facility to extract CO 2 from the air and then convert it, with water and electricity, to make formic acid.

PSI team demonstrates direct hydrocarbon fuel production from water and CO2 by solar-driven thermochemical cycles

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By utilizing a redox material such as ceria (CeO 2 ) as a reactive medium, STCs can produce hydrogen and carbon monoxide—i.e., syngas—from water and CO 2. Now, a team from the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in Switzerland has demonstrated the direct production of hydrocarbon fuel—specifically methane—from water and CO 2 by incorporating a catalytic process into STCs.

2016 163

New highly efficient catalyst for photoelectrochemical CO2 reduction toward methane

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It’s also especially good at channeling that electricity toward forming methane, with half of the available electrons going toward methane-producing reactions rather than toward by-products such as hydrogen or carbon monoxide.

2020 298

Sasol and UCT researchers collaborate on the use of commercial iron catalysts to convert hydrogen and CO2 into green jet fuel and chemicals

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A team of researchers from Sasol and the Catalysis Institute at the University of Cape Town (UCT) has made advancements in the use of commercial iron catalyst, produced cheaply and at large scale at Sasol’s Secunda plant, which would enable conversion of unavoidable or biogenically-derived carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and green hydrogen directly to a variety of green chemicals and jet fuel. The synthesis gas is then reacted over a suitable FT catalyst, to produce hydrocarbons and water.

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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Geely’s CRI investment and work with renewable methanol is similar to the approach Audi is taking with its own e-fuels projects—producing very low carbon liquid or gaseous fuels using only renewable energy, water and CO 2. Vulcanol is CRI’s brand name for renewable methanol, produced from CO 2 and hydrogen from renewable sources of electricity (hydro, geothermal, wind and solar). Zhejiang Geely Holding Group (Geely Group) will invest a total of US$45.5

2015 205

SOLAR-JET project demonstrates solar-driven thermochemical conversion of CO2 and water to jet fuel

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The EU-funded SOLAR-JET project has demonstrated the production of aviation kerosene from concentrated sunlight, CO 2 captured from air, and water. The process has also the potential to produce any other type of fuel for transport applications, such as diesel, gasoline or pure hydrogen in a more sustainable way. SOLAR-JET concentrated thermochemical reactor. Red arrow indicates ceria reduction (oxygen evolution); blue arrow indicates oxidation (fuel production). Click to enlarge.

2014 220

Audi opens power-to-gas facility in Werlte/Emsland; e-gas from water, green electricity and CO2

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The Audi e-gas plant, which can convert 6MW of input power, utilizes renewable electricity for electrolysis to produce oxygen and hydrogen. Because there is not yet a widespread hydrogen infrastructure, the hydrogen is reacted with CO 2 in a methanation unit to generate renewable synthetic methane, or Audi e-gas. Water and oxygen are the only by-products. Hydrogen Natural Gas Power Generation Audi’s e-gas plant. Click to enlarge.

2013 240

MIT researchers advancing development of supercritical water upgrading of heavy crude; lower cost, energy use and CO2

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Findings by MIT researchers could help advance the commercialization of supercritical water technology for the desulfurization and upgrading of high-sulfur crude oil into high-value, cleaner fuels such as gasoline without using hydrogen—a major change in refining technology that would reduce costs, energy use, and CO 2 emissions. SCWU uses water rather than natural gas as the source of the hydrogen molecules needed for the key chemical reactions in the refining process.

2015 205

UC Santa Barbara team develops catalytic molten metals for direct conversion of methane to hydrogen without forming CO2

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Researchers at the University of California Santa Barbara have developed catalytic molten metals to pyrolize methane to release hydrogen and to form solid carbon. Bi 0.73 ) achieved 95% methane conversion at 1065°C in a 1.1-meter bubble column and produced pure hydrogen without CO 2 or other by-products. Steam methane (CH 4 ) reforming (SMR) followed by the water-gas shift reaction is the most common process for large-scale hydrogen production today.

2017 183

MIT researchers propose mechanism for overcoming bottleneck in electroreduction of CO2

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In these reactions, the biggest challenge has been curbing competing reactions that can take place at the same time, especially the splitting of water molecules into oxygen and hydrogen. In all of these, I think the hydrogen co-evolution becomes a bottleneck.

MIT 242

RPI researchers to develop novel porous material for air capture of CO2

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In those areas, we can use this technology to capture CO2 from the air and then combine that with the hydrogen generated from solar energy in order to produce liquid fuel. In his previous work, he’s developed membranes capable of capturing CO 2 while filtering-out other molecules like water.

2020 249

Twelve produces first batch of E-Jet fuel from CO2 electrolysis; partnership with USAF; electrifying fuel, not planes

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Twelve has developed an efficient polymer-electrolyte membrane (PEM) CO 2 electrolyzer that uses proprietary CO 2 -reducing catalysts to split CO 2 with just water and renewable electricity as inputs, syngas (CO and hydrogen) as the output, and pure oxygen as the only byproduct.

CO2 266

DOE Coal FIRST Initiative invests $80M in net-zero carbon electricity and hydrogen plants

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DOE’s early stage research for the Coal FIRST Initiative supports the development of electricity and hydrogen energy plants that have net-zero carbon emissions. The Coal FIRST Initiative recognizes the importance of hydrogen production from coal, biomass, and waste plastics. A hydrogen economy is gaining global attention as part of a technology-based approach for reducing global carbon emissions. based carbon-negative power and carbon-free hydrogen co-production.

2020 167

IISA study proposes using airships for efficient cargo or hydrogen transportation

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Reintroducing airships into the world’s transportation mix could contribute to lowering the transport sector’s carbon emissions and can play a role in establishing a sustainable hydrogen based economy, according to a new IIASA-led study. These projections necessitate finding new approaches to transporting cargo with a lower demand for energy and lower CO2 emissions. Hydrogen is a good energy carrier and a valuable energy storage alternative. Aviation Hydrogen

2019 221

Evonik and Siemens Energy commission pilot plant for conversion of CO2 to chemicals

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Evonik and Siemens Energy commissioned a pilot plant—sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)—that uses carbon dioxide and water to produce chemicals.

2020 217

Electrochemical Haber-Bosch process for ammonia production; 50% the CO2 and 25% the energy

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In ammonia plants, hydrogen is generated by steam-methane reforming (SMR) and water-gas shift (WGS) and, subsequently, is purified for the high-pressure ammonia synthesis. Hydrogen generation occurs on a Ni-composite electrode, while VN-Fe is the ammonia synthesis electrocatalyst. Hydrogen extraction from the reforming compartment enhances the thermodynamically limited methane conversions, whereas 5%–14% of the pumped protons are converted to ammonia.

2019 238

Soletair demo plant produces renewable hydrocarbon fuel from CO2 captured from the air

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The demo plant incorporates the entire process chain, and comprises four separate units: a solar power plant; equipment for separating carbon dioxide and water from the air; a section that uses electrolysis to produce hydrogen; and synthesis equipment for producing a crude-oil substitute from carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Phase 2: Hydrogen production. Proton exchange membrane (PEM) water electrolysis is used for hydrogen production.

2017 212

Earth-abundant electrocatalysts for the reduction of CO2 to CO

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The researchers found that the use of ionic liquid 1-ethyl-2-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate as an electrolyte in organic solvent suppressed the competing hydrogen evolution reaction. Also, a spontaneous dissociation of absorbed COOH species to a water molecule and absorbed CO on Mo 2 C promote the CO 2 RR. A team led by researchers form Temple University has developed earth-abundant electrocatalysts—Mo 2 C and Ti 3 C 2 MXenes—for the electroreduction of CO 2 to CO.

CO2 167

EPFL team develops on-board system to capture CO2 from trucks; reducing emissions by 90%

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First, the vehicle’s flue gases in the exhaust pipe are cooled down and the water is separated from the gases. Researchers at EPFL have patented a new concept that could cut trucks’ CO 2 emissions by almost 90%.

2019 286

New LLNL technique for CO2 capture also produces green hydrogen and alkalinity to offset ocean acidification

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Researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) have discovered and demonstrated a new technique to remove and store atmospheric carbon dioxide while generating carbon-negative hydrogen and producing alkalinity, which can be used to offset ocean acidification. The team demonstrated, at a laboratory scale, a system that uses the acidity normally produced in saline water electrolysis to accelerate silicate mineral dissolution while producing hydrogen fuel and other gases.

2013 167

SRI developing process for co-gasification of methane and coal to produce liquid transportation fuels; negligible water consumption, no CO2

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Researchers from SRI International (SRI) are developing a methane-and-coal-to-liquids process that consumes negligible amounts of water and does not generate carbon dioxide. The use of natural gas (CH 4 ) eliminates the need to add water as a source of hydrogen, reduces the need to add energy to drive the gasification reaction, and results in the use of a smaller gasifier. Water consumption less than 235 kg/barrel. Top: Conventional F-T process. Bottom: SRI process.

2011 214

BGU researchers developing more efficient process for hydrogenation of CO2 to synthetic crude

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Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers are developing a process to hydrogenate carbon dioxide to produce a renewable alternative for crude oil. The basic idea behind the synthesis is the combination of two well-known reactions: the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FTS) and the Reverse Water-Gas Shift (RWGS). The BGU crude oil process produces hydrogen from water, which is mixed with carbon dioxide captured from external sources and synthetic gas (syngas).

2013 200

SunFire acquiring staxera to support development of technology to generate synthetic fuels from renewable energy sources, water and CO2

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The process developed by SunFire begins with the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen by using electrolysis, driven by renewable electrical energy (derived from sunlight, wind or water). A subsequent step is the reaction of hydrogen and the CO 2 to form renewable, synthetic gasoline, diesel and kerosene. L) of water are required to produce one liter (0.83 Concept of the SunFire process. Click to enlarge.

2011 198

Light-powered nano-bio hybrid organisms consume CO2, create plastics and fuels

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When illuminated by light, these QDs drive the renewable production of different biofuels and chemicals using carbon-dioxide (CO 2 ), water, and nitrogen (from air) as substrates. The microbes, which lie dormant in water, release their resulting product to the surface, where it can be skimmed off and harvested for manufacturing.

2019 264

Japan-US team develops novel catalyst for reversible hydrogen storage under mild conditions using CO2, formate and formic acid

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This diagram shows the new catalyst in its protonated and deprotonated states as it reversibly converts hydrogen and CO 2 gas to and from liquid formate or formic acid at ambient temperature and pressure. Scientists at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators have developed a novel catalyst that uses CO 2 and hydrogen to store energy in formic acid. Catalysts Hydrogen Storage

2012 196

ReactWell licenses ORNL catalyst for direct conversion of CO2 to ethanol

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For example, ORNL’s catalyst works in a single step; when incorporated into the ReactWell process, it would remove a refinery’s need to purchase additional hydrogen from a pipeline or produce additional hydrogen using steam methane reforming or electrolysis via electrolyzers. Running reactions in a single step without the prerequisite of generating hydrogen—having the ability to run water directly—is a very novel platform.

2019 249

Toyota to build first MW-scale 100% renewable power and hydrogen generation station

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At the Los Angeles Auto Show, Toyota Motor North America announced that it will build the world’s first megawatt-scale carbonate fuel cell power generation plant with a hydrogen fueling station to support its operations at the Port of Long Beach. The Tri-Gen facility will use bio-waste sourced from California agricultural waste to generate water, electricity and hydrogen. Tri-Gen is a key step forward in Toyota’s work to develop a hydrogen society.

2017 183

Kopernikus Project P2X integrated container-scale test facility produces first fuels from air-captured CO2 and green power

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Partners of the P2X Kopernikus project on the premises of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Germany have demonstrated the production of fuel from air-captured CO2 using—for the first time—a container-based test facility integrating all four chemical process steps needed to implement a continuous process. In the second step, the electrolytic splitting of carbon dioxide and water vapor takes place simultaneously.

2019 234

Toyota announces aggressive environmental targets through 2050; cutting new vehicle CO2 by 90% compared to 2010

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Addressing key global environmental issues such as climate change, water shortages, resource depletion, and degradation of biodiversity, the Toyota Environmental Challenge 2050 aims to reduce the negative impact of manufacturing and driving vehicles as much as possible. The company says that it intends to use renewable energy and hydrogen-based production methods to completely eliminate CO 2 emissions by 2050.

2015 240