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Intermountain Power Agency orders MHPS JAC Gas Turbine technology for renewable-hydrogen energy hub, operated by LA DWP

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This award marks the first Advanced Class Gas Turbines in the industry specifically designed and purchased as part of a comprehensive plan to sequentially transition from coal, to natural gas and finally to renewable hydrogen fuel, and creates a roadmap for the global industry to follow. This transition will start in 2025, when the turbines will be commercially guaranteed capable of using a mix of 30% hydrogen and 70% natural gas fuel.

2020 130

NYK Line, JMU and ClassNK partner to commercialize ammonia-fueled ammonia gas carrier

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Since carbon dioxide is not emitted when ammonia (NH 3 ) is burned, it is viewed to have promise as a next-generation fuel that could mitigate shipping’s impact on global warming. These technologies are aimed at generating electricity by co-firing ammonia at coal-fired power stations.

2020 133

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DOE soliciting projects in advanced coal gasification for high carbon-capture power production and/or liquid fuels

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The US DOE is soliciting ( DE-FOA-0001051 ) projects for up to $10 million in awards to target technological advancements to lower the cost of producing hydrogen and/or high-hydrogen syngas from coal for use in 90% carbon capture power generation and/or gasification-based liquid (transportation) fuel production: methanol or diesel. Technologies need not be limited to 100% coal; however, coal must be the predominant fuel (i.e., >50

2014 73

DOE awarding $72M to 27 projects to develop and advance carbon capture technologies, including direct air capture

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced the award of approximately $72 million in federal funding to support the development and advancement of carbon capture technologies under two funding opportunity announcements (FOAs). Under this cost-shared research and development (R&D), DOE is awarding $51 million to nine new projects for coal and natural gas power and industrial sources. Enabling Production of Low Carbon Emissions Steel Through CO 2 Capture from Blast Furnace Gases.

2020 83

Australian Government establishes A$300M fund to support hydrogen projects

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The Australian Government has established funding to support hydrogen-powered projects. The A$300 million (US$193 million) Advancing Hydrogen Fund will be administered by the Clean Energy Finance Corporation (CEFC). As an early priority, CEFC will seek investment in projects included in the ARENA Renewable Hydrogen Deployment Funding Round. CEFC finance remains central to filling market gaps, whether driven by technology, development or commercial challenges.

2020 78

DOE awarding about $16M to four projects for advanced gasification systems; focus on coal

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Awardees will receive approximately $16 million to advance the gasification process, which converts carbon-based materials such as coal into syngas for use as power, chemicals, hydrogen, and transportation fuels. Advanced Gasifier and Water-Gas Shift Technologies for Low-Cost Coal Conversion to High-Hydrogen Syngas. Limestone Chemical Looping Gasification Process for High-Hydrogen Syngas Generation. Integrated WGS/Pre-combustion Carbon Capture Process.

Coal 78

DOE to Award Up to $5M in Grants for RD on Hydrogen Production from Coal

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The US Department of Energy has issued up to a $5-million Funding Opportunity Announcement (DE-FOA-0000103) to solicit laboratory-level R&D projects to develop novel technologies for producing hydrogen from coal. Electricity and hydrogen together represent one of the most promising ways to achieve these objectives. —DE-FOA-0000103. Hydrogen can be produced domestically from various energy resources. Topic 1: Novel, non-precious metal hydrogen separation.

2009 81

DOE issues $13M funding opportunity for advanced coal gasification systems for power or fuels

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a funding opportunity announcement ( DE-FOA-0000784 ) for up to $13 million to support the development of advanced coal gasification systems. The third AOI (High Hydrogen Syngas Production) will begin exploration (through systems analysis and small-scale R&D) of novel technologies to reduce the cost of creating chemical-grade hydrogen and/or high-hydrogen syngas. AOI 3: High-hydrogen Syngas Production.

2013 83

DOE to award up to $14M to 6 new projects to advance IGCC with carbon capture technology for coal-fired plants

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) will award up to $14 million to six projects aimed at developing technologies to lower the cost of producing electricity in integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants using carbon capture. The selected projects are intended to improve the economics of IGCC plants and promote the use of the US’abundant coal resources. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Coal Gasification Power Generation

2011 69

US DOE to award up to $3M for coal-biomass-to-liquid projects

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) will award up to a total of $3 million to projects (1) to develop and to test novel technologies for the economical and environmentally-sustainable conversion of coal-biomass feedstocks to liquid transportation fuels (CBTL) and (2) to assess concepts and evaluate the feasibility of building and operating a commercial scale CBTL production facility. Feasibility Study for a Coal-Biomass to Liquids Facility.

Coal 83

NETL Soliciting RD Projects for Co-Production of Power, Fuels, and Chemicals via Coal/Biomass Mixtures

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The US Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has issued a new Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) soliciting research projects that will address key challenges related to the utilization of coal-biomass mixtures for co-production of power and hydrogen, fuels, and/or chemicals. Pre-processing and Conditioning of Coal/Biomass Mixtures for Simultaneous Co-Feeding Systems. dry coal and dry biomass basis), at a minimum.

Coal 65

B9 Coal Assembles Consortium to Combine Underground Coal Gasification, Alkaline Fuel Cells and Carbon Capture and Storage

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UK-based B9 Coal, established in 2009 with the objective of developing projects combining Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) with Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and alkaline hydrogen fuel cells, is bringing together a consortium including WSP Group, AFC Energy and Linc Energy to develop such a project. B9 Coal proposes combining AFC Energy’s alkaline fuel cells and Linc Energy’s Underground Coal Gasification (UCG).

2010 76

DOE reports progress on development of low-carbon and renewable sources of hydrogen production

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) Fuel Cell Technologies Office’ (FCTO) 2014 Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Annual Progress Report ( earlier post )—an annual summary of results from projects funded by DOE’s Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program—described progress in the field of hydrogen production. Based on current analysis, this translates to a hydrogen threshold cost of. There are multiple DOE offices are engaged in R&D relevant to hydrogen production.

2014 80

DOE to award $30M to develop small-scale solid oxide fuel cell systems and hybrid energy systems

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This FOA seeks to develop advanced technologies that can progress the present state of small-scale solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) hybrid systems using solid oxide electrolyzer cell (SOEC) technologies to a point of commercial readiness for hydrogen production and power generation. For both large and small-scale distributed power generation SOFC systems, the overall system cost is high, thereby limiting commercial acceptance. Coal Fuel Cells Hydrogen Power Generation

2020 71

DOE Selects 8 Projects to Advance Technologies for the Co-Production of Power and Hydrogen, Fuels or Chemicals from Coal-Biomass Feedstocks

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has selected 8 research projects for funding that will focus on gasification of coal/biomass to produce synthetic gas (syngas) as a pathway to producing power, hydrogen, fuel or chemicals. Awards are in three areas: Reprocessing and Conditioning of Coal/Biomass Mixtures for Simultaneous Co-Feeding Systems; Reactive Properties of Coal/Biomass Mixed Fuels; and Design Concepts for Co-Production of Power, Fuels and Chemicals.

2010 78

Modified SOFC anodes allow operation at lower temperatures with carbon-containing gases; potential for much more efficient and cleaner generation of electricity from coal

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Using barium oxide nanoparticles, a team of researchers led by Georgia Tech has modified the surface of conventional anodes for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) to enable operation at lower temperatures (750 °C) with carbon-containing gases—e.g., The resulting lower-temperature SOFCs could provide a cleaner, more efficient alternative to conventional power plants for generating electricity from coal reserves. Coal Fuel Cells Gasification Power Generation

2011 81

LanzaTech in Coal to Ethanol Project in China; New Bio Energy Research Center

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MEK, Butadiene) from industrial waste gases, has signed a memorandum of understanding with one of the largest coal producers in China, Henan Coal and Chemical Industrial Corporation, to build a demonstration plant to produce ethanol and chemicals via LanzaTech’s fermentation process using syngas resulting from the gasification of coal. LanzaTech says that its microbe is able to use gas feeds containing mainly carbon monoxide and little to no hydrogen.

Coal 76

SRI developing process for co-gasification of methane and coal to produce liquid transportation fuels; negligible water consumption, no CO2

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Researchers from SRI International (SRI) are developing a methane-and-coal-to-liquids process that consumes negligible amounts of water and does not generate carbon dioxide. Based on data from bench-scale tests, SRI engineers estimate that the capital cost for a full-scale plant using SRI’s process would be less than half that of a conventional coal-to-liquids (CTL) plant using Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS). Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Fuels Gas-to-Liquids (GTL

2011 88

Underground Coal Gasification Company In Partnership to Test Alkaline Fuel Cells for Power Generation

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Australia-based underground coal gasification (UCG) company Linc Energy ( earlier post ) has signed an exclusive agreement with the UK-based alkaline fuel cell technology company AFC Energy Plc and its related company, B9 Coal ( earlier post ). The agreement gives Linc Energy the exclusive right to test the AFC Fuel Cell Technology on hydrogen produced from Underground Coal Gasification (UCG).

2009 73

Shell, Shenhua to Partner on RD in Advanced Coal Technology; Shell Qualifies 3 Chinese Companies to Manufacture Gasification Technology

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Shell Coal Gasification Process. Shell (China) Limited and Shenhua Coal to Liquid and Chemical Co. Shenhua) have agreed to seek opportunities for conducting joint research and development in advanced coal technology. Shell) also qualified three Chinese companies for the manufacture of key equipment for the Shell Coal Gasification Process (SCGP), in order to make the Shell technology more competitive in the Chinese market. Shenhua Coal to Liquid and Chemical Co.

2009 73

Headwaters Inc and Axens Form Direct Coal Liquefaction Alliance

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Headwaters direct coal liquefaction process. Headwaters Inc and Axens are forming a strategic alliance to provide a single-source solution for producing synthetic fuels by direct coal liquefaction (DCL) alone or in combination with refinery residues or biomass. The two companies will combine their technologies and licensing activities for Coal-To-Liquids (CTL) projects world-wide. Axens will contribute its ebullated-bed H-Coal Process and proprietary catalyst.

Coal 65

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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million in Carbon Recycling International (CRI). Geely’s CRI investment and work with renewable methanol is similar to the approach Audi is taking with its own e-fuels projects—producing very low carbon liquid or gaseous fuels using only renewable energy, water and CO 2. Vulcanol is CRI’s brand name for renewable methanol, produced from CO 2 and hydrogen from renewable sources of electricity (hydro, geothermal, wind and solar).

2015 85

Sparton and NuCoal to Evaluate NuCoals Saskatchewan Coal Holdings and CTL Residue for Germanium and Uranium Commercialization Potential

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and NuCoal Energy Corporation recently executed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) wherein Sparton and NuCoal will jointly evaluate the potential of NuCoal’s lignitic coal holdings in Saskatchewan to host commercial germanium and uranium mineralization. In addition the program will also test the feasibility of recovering valuable metals from residue material produced by the coal-to-liquids (CTL) program being developed by NuCoal in this area. Sparton Resources Inc.

2009 73

CIRI and Laurus Energy Form US Underground Coal Gasification JV

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Laurus Energy have formed Stone Horn Ridge LLC, a company created to commercialize syngas from underground coal gasification (UCG). Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) uses air/oxygen injection and production wells drilled from the surface to enable the coal in non-mined coal seams to be converted in situ into product gas containing mixtures of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, methane and other gases.

DOE, RTI to Design and Build Coal Syngas Cleanup System for IGCC Power Plants to Reduce Cost of Removing Contaminants, Capturing CO2; Potential for Synthetic Chemicals and Fuels

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Extending a relationship of more than a decade, the US Department of Energy (DOE) and Research Triangle Institute (RTI) International will collaborate on a project designed to advance the development of coal power plants with near-zero emissions by reducing the cost and improving the efficiency of capturing CO 2 and removing contaminants from syngas derived from coal. Tags: Coal Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Gasification Power Generation

2009 60

Update on Celanese plans for commercialization of TCX hydrocarbons-to-ethanol process; scale and economics

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If we assume about $5 MBtu for coal in China, we could convert those hydrocarbons to ethanol for somewhere between $1.50 Celanese uses a methanol carbonylation process (reaction of methanol and carbon monoxide); the reaction utilizes a catalyst and the resulting product (acetic acid) is purified through distillation. The Clear Lake facility will use natural gas as a feedstock, while Nanjing will use coal. China Coal Ethanol Methanol

2011 76

DOE to Award Up to $408M to Two CCS Projects at Coal Power Plants; One for Hydrogen-Fired Power Generation

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The US Department of Energy has selected projects by Basin Electric Power Cooperative and Hydrogen Energy International LLC—a joint venture between BP and Rio Tinto ( earlier post )—for up to $408 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The two projects selected—an existing power plant in North Dakota and a new facility in California—will incorporate advanced technologies to reduce carbon dioxide emissions.

2009 60

thyssenkrupp produces ammonia from steel mill gases; Carbon2Chem

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Our Carbon2Chem concept has shown that it is possible to use steel mill gases for the production of various chemicals and thus achieve a circular carbon economy. Implemented on an industrial scale, the technology could make around 20 million tons of the annual CO 2 emissions of the German steel industry commercially utilizable. Steel mill gas comprises 44% nitrogen, 23% carbon monoxide, 21% carbon dioxide, 10% hydrogen and 2% methane.

2019 118

DOE Selects Four Advanced Coal or Coal/Biomass Gasification Projects for Up To $5.9M in Funding to Test Membrane Separation Technology

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has selected four advanced coal gasification projects for funding of up to $5.9 The projects will test membrane technology to separate hydrogen and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from coal or coal/biomass-derived synthesis gas (syngas), such as from Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) power systems. Until now, advanced hydrogen membrane separation technology development has been primarily conducted at the laboratory scale.

2010 69

Honeywell UOP’s Methanol To Olefins technology selected for China coal chemical complex

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has selected Honeywell’s UOP technology to convert methanol into building blocks for chemical products at an existing coal chemical complex in China. The project will be the first commercial-scale installation of Honeywell UOP’s advanced MTO methanol-to-olefins solution, which allows petrochemical producers to use methanol from natural gas or coal, instead of petroleum, to produce high yields of high-value plastics and petrochemicals.

2011 73

Monash team proposes roadmap to renewable ammonia economy; 3 generations of technology

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Generation 2 moves the Haber-Bosch process to renewable sources of hydrogen. The process generates H 2 from natural gas or coal through steam reforming and combines it with N 2 , which has been separated from air by a cryogenic process, to form NH 3. Over the last decade, momentum has been building to transform the Haber- Bosch (H-B) ammonia industry toward renewable sources of hydrogen, for example, from water electrolysis or solar thermal cycles.

2020 106

DOE releases Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Plan (2010 Draft) for public comment

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The roles for hydrogen and fuel cells in the energy mix. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has released a draft version of the Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Plan, which outlines the strategy, activities, and plans of DOE’s Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program. The new plan reflects this significant progress, and updates and expands upon previous editions of the Hydrogen Posture Plan, issued in 2006 and 2004. Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Program Activities.

2010 92

National Research Council Report on Americas Energy Future Highlights Vehicle Efficiency Technologies, Conversion of Biomass and Coal-to-Liquids Fuels, and Electrifying the Light Duty Fleet with PHEVs, BEVs and FCVs

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For the transportation sector, these key technologies include a focus on improving vehicle efficiency; developing technologies for the conversion of biomass and coal-to-liquid fuels; and electrifying the light-duty vehicle fleet through expanded deployment of plug-in hybrids (PHEVs), battery electric vehicles (BEVs), and hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles (FCVs). Developing technologies for the conversion of biomass and coal-to-liquid fuels.

2009 60

Toshiba to participate in 4-year power-to-gas hydrogen fuel project in Scotland

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Toshiba Corporation will participate in the Levenmouth Community Energy Project in Fife, Scotland, a major 4-year project to investigate the potential of hydrogen as a future fuel. This marks Toshiba’s first hydrogen research project outside Japan. Electricity generated by wind and solar power will be used to power a hydrogen-producing water electrolysis system. Toshiba will join eight other organizations in the research, including Bright Green Hydrogen Ltd.,

2015 85

Start-up commercializing NC State technology for drop-in biofuels; full commercial production targeted for 2016

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Red Wolf, formed in 2010, is in the process of raising $3 million through an equity offering to commercialize the thermal-chemical catalytic process. The free fatty acid (FFA) and low concentrations of hydrogen are fed into a deoxygenation reactor. This reaction step results in a saturated, straight chained hydrocarbon with one less carbon than the reacted FFA (i.e. This hydrogen becomes part of the fuel molecule, increasing the energy density of the fuel.

2011 73

Cal Energy Commission grants Hydrogen Energy California suspension, denies request to terminate power plant project

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The California Energy Commission committee reviewing the proposed 390-megawatt Hydrogen Energy California (HECA) power plant ( earlier post ) rejected a motion to terminate the project’s application for certification (AFC) and granted a separate request to suspend the AFC for six months. According to the application, the plant would gasify blends of petroleum coke and coal to produce syngas that would fuel a combustion turbine to produce electricity.

2015 79

Innovative gas turbine airfoil commercialized through DOE-sponsored research

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An innovative airfoil manufacturing technology that promises to improve the performance of advanced gas turbines has been commercialized through research sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE). The technology is also contributing to Siemens Energy’s ARRA-funded, NETL-managed project to develop hydrogen turbines for coal-based IGCC power generation that will improve efficiency, reduce emissions, lower costs, and allow for carbon capture and storage.

2013 65

DOE ROD for coal-based Texas Clean Energy Project sets in motion $450M of federal funding

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a Record of Decision ( ROD ) that—along with a signed cooperative agreement—will allow federal funding to be used to help build a 400 MW facility that combines integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) power generation, urea production, and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technology. The plant will produce power by converting sub-bituminous coal into hydrogen-rich synthesis gas (syngas) and CO 2.

2011 65

ARPA-E Selects 37 Projects for $106M in Funding in Second Round; Electrofuels, Better Batteries and Carbon Capture

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ARPA-E’s first solicitation awarded $151 million to 37 projects aimed at transformational innovations in energy storage, biofuels, carbon capture, renewable power, building efficiency, vehicles, and other areas. The second round was focused specifically on three areas of technology representing new approaches for advanced microbial biofuels (electrofuels); much higher capacity and less expensive batteries for electric vehicles; and carbon capture.

2010 86

DOE Makes First Awards from $1.4B for Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Projects

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billion from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act for the capture carbon dioxide from industrial sources for storage or beneficial use. Projects selected include large-scale industrial carbon capture and storage projects that capture carbon dioxide emissions from industrial sources—such as cement plants, chemical plants, refineries, paper mills, and manufacturing facilities—and store the carbon dioxide in deep saline formations and other geologic systems.

2009 76

US DOE Signs Cooperative Agreement for New Hydrogen Power Plant

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has signed a cooperative agreement with Hydrogen Energy California LLC (HECA) to build and demonstrate a hydrogen-powered electric generating facility, complete with carbon capture and storage, in Kern County, Calif. The hydrogen will be used to fuel a combustion turbine, enabling net generation of 250 megawatts of electricity, enough power for more than 150,000 homes.

2009 69

GE Technology Selected for Hydrogen Energy IGCC Project in California

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GE Energy has signed a technology licensing agreement with Hydrogen Energy (HEI) for a proposed 250-megawatt power plant that would use integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) technology. would be designed to capture up to 90% of its carbon dioxide for enhanced oil recovery and sequestration in an adjacent oil field. HEI is a joint venture of BP Alternative Energy and multinational mining company Rio Tinto Hydrogen.

2009 73

Carbon Sciences Claims Breakthrough in Recycling CO2 into Gasoline

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Carbon Sciences, Inc., the developer of a biocatalytic process to transform CO 2 into low-carbon hydrocarbons (C 1 to C 3 ) for subsequent upgrading into higher-carbon fuels such as gasoline and jet fuel ( earlier post ), said it has developed certain process technologies that will allow for the direct production of gasoline, shorten the time to commercialization and reduce the system and operating costs of its CO 2 -to-Fuel technology.

2010 73