Cummins progressing with lightweight downsized T2B2 diesel for pickup; 40% improvement in fuel economy over gasoline V8

Green Car Congress

Cummins reports that it, along with partners Johnson Matthey and Nissan, is on plan in a 4-year, $30-million ($15 million from the US Department of Energy) research project to deliver a light-duty diesel engine with fuel economy 40% improved over that of baseline gasoline V8 engine for a half-ton pickup truck while also meeting the requirements of US Tier2 Bin2 tailpipe emissions. Cost of the new engine relative to gasoline baseline. Fuels Lubr.

2014 288

Volvo introducing new downsized 4-cylinder engine range, with fuel economy improvements up to 35%; hybrid and flywheel drive systems

Green Car Congress

The Volvo Car Corporation is introducing a new, downsized engine range consisting solely of four-cylinder gasoline and diesel engines. The upcoming four-cylinder VEA (Volvo Environmental Architecture) engine range includes common rail diesels and direct injected gasoline engines. It covers the range from high-power and -torque variants to fuel-efficient derivatives. Our four-cylinder focus is the perfect way for us to quickly reduce CO 2 emissions and fuel consumption.

2011 228

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EIA: trends in downsized engine design leading to increased demand for higher-octane gasoline

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Since 2013, the share of premium gasoline in total motor gasoline sales in the US has steadily increased to 11.3% This trend of increasing demand for higher octane gasoline is likely driven by changes in fuel requirements for light-duty vehicles (LDV) in response to increasing fuel economy standards, which will have widespread implications for future gasoline markets, according to EIA analysts. of new gasoline-fueled LDV sales.

2016 163

ADEPT project to apply gasoline engine HyBoost system to diesel; 48V architecture; full hybrid fuel economy at much lower cost

Green Car Congress

The developers of the successful gasoline-engine HyBoost project ( earlier post )—Ricardo, Ford Motor Company, Control Power Technologies (CPT) and the European Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium (EALABC)—will be joined by Faurecia Emissions Control Technologies UK Ltd and University of Nottingham to apply the intelligent electrification concept for the first time to a diesel vehicle (a Ford Focus). Diesel Fuel Efficiency Hybrids Vehicle Systems

2013 209

BorgWarner launches new low-friction engine timing chain; 0.3-0.6% improvement in fuel economy

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improvement in fuel economy based on customer testing. BorgWarner will produce the new low-friction engine timing chains for a variety of 0.66- to 2.0-liter gasoline engines for vehicles in Japan, China and Korea. As automakers began downsizing engines to improve fuel economy, BorgWarner recognized opportunities to help further improve engine efficiency by reducing power-wasting friction in the engine timing system. BorgWarner’s next-generation 6.35

2014 214

JAC and Ricardo develop production version of HyBoost concept; seeking 30% boost in fuel economy with same performance

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Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Group Co Ltd (JAC) and Ricardo are collaborating on a project to develop the Ricardo HyBoost concept ( earlier post )—a combination of low-cost technologies to deliver improved performance and fuel economy which featured recently in the Ricardo Centenary celebrations —into volume production on a JAC vehicle. The BSG also provides torque assistance to the engine to improve overall fuel economy. 48V Fuel Efficiency Hybrids

2015 197

Hyundai introduces hybrid version of new Sonata; 10% improvement in fuel economy over predecessor

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Hyundai expects the 2016 Sonata Hybrid to improve fuel economy more than 10%. The 2016 Sonata Hybrid features a downsized 2.0-liter Nu GDI four-cylinder engine paired with a six-speed automatic transmission that houses a more powerful 38 kW electric motor and clutch where the torque converter would normally be found. Hyundai introduced the Hybrid version of the seventh-generation Sonata at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit.

2015 207

Ricardo to assist Lifan in development of 1.2L turbocharged DI gasoline engines for downsizing applications

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Ricardo will assist Lifan Automobile Group based in Chongqing, China, with the development of a family of highly downsized gasoline engines capable of meeting future Chinese and international fuel economy and emissions regulations. capacity platform offering a competitive balance of performance, fuel economy, manufacturing cost and weight.

2011 183

Infiniti Q80 Inspiration concept hybrid delivers 550 hp with 42.8 mpg fuel economy

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The four-door fastback is powered by a hybrid electric powertrain that is expected to deliver 550 hp (410 kW) with fuel consumption of 5.5 The powertrain incorporates a new aluminum-based downsized twin-turbocharged 3.0-liter V6 that is part of a new engine family which will be introduced within the next two years.

2014 237

New Volkswagen Polo BlueGT with cylinder deactivation offers gasoline engine fuel economy of up to 52 mpg US

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The system was realized with the new 1.4-liter gasoline-fueled TSI of the Polo BlueGT. The TSI develops a power output of 103 kW / 138 hp, with a combined fuel consumption of 4.7 If the Polo BlueGT is ordered with the optional 7-speed dual clutch gearbox (DSG), fuel consumption drops further to 4.5 These gasoline engines and the EA288 series diesel engines, which are also new, are technological pillars of the future Modular Transverse Matrix (MQB). Polo BlueGT.

2012 221

Split injection Miller cycle with boost decreases knock tendency and increases torque in downsized engine

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Researchers at Tianjin University in China report that combing split injection to the Miller cycle with boost pressure can effectively decrease the knock tendency and increase the engine torque in a downsized spark-ignition engine. Their paper is published in the journal Fuel. The Miller cycle also has been shown to improve fuel economy at partial loads, owing to a more widely open throttle (WOT) and lower pumping loss. Engines Fuel Efficiency

2018 174

Update on the ACCESS fuel efficient engine project; simulations find up to 48.9% improvement in fuel economy over baseline

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Robert Bosch LLC, AVL Powertrain Engineering and partners including the University of Michigan are working on a four-year, $24-million US Department of Energy (DOE)-supported project— Advanced Combustion Concepts—Enabling Systems and Solutions (ACCESS)—to achieve a 30% fuel economy improvement in a gasoline-fueled light-duty vehicle without compromising performance while also meeting SULEV emission standards. naturally aspirated, port fuel injected V6.

2013 235

FEV’s two-stage VCR system; 5-7% increase in fuel economy using variable length conrods

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Use of a variable compression ratio (VCR) could be one technology approach to reducing fuel consumption in highly boosted (e.g., downsized, turbocharged) gasoline engine, as operating an engine with higher compression ratios at low load can increase fuel economy compared to operating an engine with fixed compression ratio. At a given boost level and fuel quality this can only be compensated for by either spark retardation or adjustment of the compression ratio.

2013 195

Volvo to concentrate on hybrids and downsized engines for US

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Volvo Car Corporation will rely on a powertrain strategy based on its new downsized 4-cylinder VEA (Volvo Environmental Architecture) engine platform ( earlier post ) and hybrids for the US market, said John Maloney, recently appointed President of Volvo Cars, US, in an interview at the Detroit Auto Show. The direction for the US was underscored by the unveiling of the XC60 gasoline-electric Plug-in Hybrid Concept at the show.

Downspeeding and supercharging with transmission optimization can deliver fuel economy improvement over downspeeding and turbocharging

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Researchers from Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) and Eaton have demonstrated the application of downspeeding and supercharging a diesel vehicle, in conjunction with optimizing transmission gear ratios and the shift schedule, to deliver a greater improvement in fuel economy than a downsped and turbocharged configuration. The shift schedule optimization technique resulted in fuel economy gains of up to 12.2% Diesel Engines Fuel Efficiency

2012 183

ACCESS project targeting 30% improvement in fuel economy and SULEV emissions in light-duty gasoline engine; multi-mode SI/HCCI combustion

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Robert Bosch LLC and a consortium including AVL, Emitec, University of Michigan and Stanford University are working on a four-year, $24-million US Department of Energy (DOE)-supported project to achieve up to 30% fuel economy improvement in a gasoline-fueled light-duty vehicle without compromising performance while also meeting SULEV emission standards. The baseline powertrain is a 3.6L, port fuel injected V6 with a 6-speed transmission; the target powertrain is a 2.0L

2011 195

Ford moving to vehicle testing with advanced 2.3L MiGTDI engine research project; Tier 3 SULEV30 target with 25% fuel economy improvement

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Ford’s approach to the project was to engineer a comprehensive suite of gasoline engine systems technologies, including: Aggressive engine downsizing in a mid-sized sedan from a large V-6 to a small I-4. 1, and the engine is designed to run on 98 RON gasoline. Cycle-based CAE analysis of fuel economy contribution of critical technologies. This entails overall lean homogeneous combustion with early primary injection and an air/fuel ratio of ~20-30:1.

2014 214

ICCT-led analysis of turbocharged, downsized engine tech finds lower costs and greater benefits than 2012 EPA/NHTSA analysis; 48V, e-boost, Miller

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A new white paper published by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), in collaboration with Eaton, Ricardo, JCI, BorgWarner, Honeywell, and the ITB Group, analyzes current turbocharged, downsized gasoline engine technology developments and trends. Comparison of ICCT/supplier and EPA/NHTSA costs and benefits of turbocharging and downsizing technologies. 48V Emissions Engines Fuel Efficiency Vehicle Systems

2016 209

Volkswagen of America bringing in downsized 1.8L EA888 engine to displace 2.5L; all vehicles E15 capable

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The EA888 is one of the Volkswagen Group’s three major engine lines: EA 211 (gasoline engines 1.0l to 1.6l); EA 888 (Gen3 gasoline engines 1.8l The implementation of the new EA888 gasoline unit will help ensure that more than 90% of the cars sold by Volkswagen in the US have these efficient powerplants. Volkswagen expects the new engine to offer significant highway fuel mileage gains over the 2.5-liter unit. Engines Fuel Efficiency

2013 247

Achates OPGCI project targeting 50% fuel efficiency gains over downsized GDI engine at reduced cost

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Achates Power will work with Delphi Automotive and Argonne National Laboratory on its ARPA-E-funded project to develop an innovative opposed-piston, gasoline compression ignition (OPGCI) engine. The engine should yield fuel efficiency gains of more than 50% compared to a downsized, turbo-charged gasoline direct injection engine, while reducing the overall cost of the powertrain system, said Fabien Redon, Vice President, Technology Development at Achates Power.

2015 163

DOT, EPA unveil joint proposal for fuel economy and greenhouse gas emission standards: 49.6 mpg CAFE, 163 g/mile GHG in 2025; flexibilities and incentives

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the US Department of Transportation (DOT) formally unveiled their joint proposal to set stronger fuel economy and greenhouse gas pollution standards for Model Year 2017-2025 passenger cars and light trucks. L/100km), if the vehicles were to meet this CO 2 level all through fuel economy. reductions in air conditioning leakage, which would not contribute to fuel economy. dual fuel vehicles (e.g,

2011 275

Hyundai showcasing new downsized turbo engines and 7-speed dual-clutch transmission; i40 48V Hybrid, i30 CNG

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Hyundai Motor is showcasing two new turbocharged gasoline direct injected (T-GDI) engines at the Paris Motor Show 2014. Both engines—1.0-liter and 1.4-liter units which are part of a new generation of engines from the Kappa family—meet growing demand for small capacity, turbocharged engines to reduce fuel consumption and CO 2 emission without compromising performance. ix35 Fuel Cell and Intrado fuel cell vehicles. New engines and transmission.

2014 209

Ford to bring 20 new engines and transmissions to China and improve fleet fuel economy by more than 20% by 2015; producing the new 1.0L EcoBoost in China

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Utilizing technologies such as turbocharging, direct injection, twin independent variable camshaft timing (Ti-VCT) and six-speed transmissions, the upgraded powertrain portfolio will deliver more than 20% in fuel economy improvement to Ford’s passenger vehicle fleet in China by 2015 while reducing tailpipe carbon dioxide emissions by 20%. Ford is committed to be a fuel economy leader in every segment that we compete by utilizing advanced powertrain technologies.

2011 207

HyBoost concept achieving close to Prius-level CO2 emissions; aggressive downsizing with advanced boosting and micro-hybrid system

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variant but with fuel economy of a strong hybrid. version of its vehicle (a 2009 Ford Focus) but with fuel economy and CO 2 emissions approaching those of a Prius, according to David Boggs, Ricardo Technical Specialist, Engines, in a presentation at the recent 2011 Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research Conference (DEER) hosted by the Department of Energy in Detroit. Fuel Efficiency Hybrids Vehicle Systems

2011 203

Ford launching major new product push in Europe; fuel economy and 1.0L EcoBoost engine; first Ford full hybrid car for Europe

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At a “Go Further with Ford” event in Amsterdam, Ford Motor Company detailed plans for an aggressive product acceleration in Europe, targeting opportunities for growth in the large car, SUV and commercial vehicle segments while emphasizing fuel economy and enabling technologies such as the EcoBoost engines. Ford projects that two-thirds of all the company’s vehicles in Europe will be leaders, or among the very best, in terms of fuel efficiency by 2013.

2012 224

HyBoost demonstrator debuts at LCV2011; 50% by swept volume downsizing with low-cost electrification

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The HyBoost project vehicle was revealed for the first time today at the Cenex Low Carbon Vehicle 2011 event hosted at Rockingham, UK, demonstrating a combination of high-impact, low-cost electrical systems which offer the prospect of radical engine downsizing using electric supercharger and energy capture and storage technologies within an otherwise conventional gasoline powertrain architecture. naturally aspirated four-cylinder gasoline engine has been replaced with a 1.0L

2011 190

New Generation of VW Passat Improves Fuel Economy by Up to 18%

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The ten engines (77 kW / 105 PS through 220 kW / 300 PS) of the new lineup are up to 18% more fuel efficient than their predecessors. Downsizing and technologies such as the Stop/Start system contribute to improved fuel efficiency in the gasoline-powered versions. All other gasoline and natural gas engines have a battery regeneration system as well. For the smallest gasoline engine, battery regeneration and the Stop/Start system are available as options.

2010 163

Pinnacle 4-stroke opposed-piston SI engine shows fuel economy improvements of between 30-60% at light loads, 12-30% at medium loads over conventional

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Pinnacle Engines, the developer of a high compression ratio, four-stroke, spark-ignited (SI), opposed-piston, sleeve-valve architecture engine ( earlier post ) reports that the most basic configuration of its engine has shown improvements in indicated specific fuel consumption (ISFC) of between 30-60% at light load and 12-30% at medium-load compared to a comparably sized conventional poppet-valve technology engine. Comparison of ISFC (@42.9

2012 253

Consumer Reports survey shows high fuel costs cause downsizing, less driving; 73% would consider alt fuel vehicle

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Two-thirds of owners surveyed said they expect their next vehicle to get better fuel mileage than the one they’re driving now, and fuel economy topped the list as the most important consideration when shopping for their next car, followed by quality and safety. In all, 73% of participants said they would consider some type of alternatively fueled vehicle, with flex-fuel and hybrid models leading the way.

2012 183

Center for Automotive Research calls long-run economic risk to auto industry of mandating permanent fuel economy standards very serious; recommends periodic reviews

Green Car Congress

The Center for Automotive Research (CAR) has released a new study estimating the parameters of the US motor vehicle market and industry in 2025, given the “ most likely dramatic changes ” likely to be soon mandated by the federal government for the purpose of improving the fuel economy performance of vehicles not determined by market forces, as well as additional safety and environmental mandates and regulations. the 2008 model year fuel economy ratings.

2011 183

New Delphi Technologies 500+ bar GDi system cuts gasoline particulate emissions by up to 50%, reduces fuel consumption

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The industry has long recognized that increasing injection pressure to 500+ bar could substantially cut engine-out particulates while improving CO2 emissions and fuel economy. —Walter Piock, chief engineer, Gasoline Systems, Delphi Technologies. By designing an innovative new internal sealing system for our GFP3 500+ bar pump, in some applications, we have designed a downsized plunger diameter which prevents increasing the loads in the drive mechanism.

2019 221

Study finds catalyzed gasoline particulate filters effective at reducing particulate and PAH emissions from GDI engines

Green Car Congress

A new study by researchers at the Bourns College of Engineering, University of California, Riverside (UCR) and colleagues at the Manufacturers of Emission Controls Association (MECA) has found that catalyzed gasoline particulate filters (GPF) are effective not only at reducing particulate mass, black carbon, and total and solid particle number emissions in gasoline direct injection engines (GDI) but also polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and nitrated PAHs.

2018 219

KAUST team proposes pine-tree derived terpineol as octane booster for gasoline

Green Car Congress

A team at the Clean Combustion Research Center (CCRC), King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia, is proposing the use of terpineol as an octane booster for gasoline in a spark ignited (SI) engine. Terpineol is a bio-derived oxygenated fuel obtained from pine tree resin, and has the advantage of higher calorific value than ethanol, enabling improved fuel economy. Fuels

2016 200

Tsinghua studies on alcohol-gasoline dual fuel engines show fuel efficiency and particle number benefits

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Researchers at Tsinghua University in China are studying the effects of Dual-Fuel Spark Ignition (DFSI) combustion fueled with different alcohols and gasoline. In one paper, published in the journal Fuel , they investigated the use of alcohols–gasoline DFSI Combustion for knock suppression and high fuel efficiency using a gasoline engine with high compression ratio. Alcohols are promising alternative fuels for internal combustion engines.

2015 197

Study Finds Strong Synergy Between Spark Ignition Engine Downsizing and Low-to-Moderate Alcohol Blend Fuels

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A study by engineers from Mahle Powertrain Ltd and BP found strong synergy between spark ignition (SI) engine downsizing and fuel containing low-to-moderate amounts of alcohol, including ethanol and butanol. The researchers found that the combination of technologies allowed improvements in fuel economy over the engine drive cycle. For example, with E85, the calorific value was 32% lower than the 98 RON fuel while the fuel consumption was 33% higher.

Volkswagen introduces new 1L, 3-cylinder gasoline Golf; 54.7 mpg

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In Europe, Volkswagen has introduced the new Golf TSI BlueMotion featuring a new 1.0-liter, 3-cylinder with low fuel consumption of 4.3 mpg US) (99 g/km CO 2 )—more efficient than any previous Golf with a gasoline engine. The new TSI engine also offers the highest specific torque of any large-scale production series gasoline engines: 200 N·m per liter displacement. The turbocharged gasoline engine with its 10.5:1 Engines Fuel Efficiency

2015 232

Honda develops VTEC Turbo direct injection gasoline engine family, including 1.0L 3-cylinder unit

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L 3-cylinder direct injection gasoline turbo engine. announced that it has newly developed the VTEC Turbo, a direct injection gasoline turbo engine family most suitable for small-to-medium-sized vehicles. 4-cylinder direct injection gasoline turbo engine. L 4-cylinder direct injection gasoline turbo engine / 1.0 L 3-cylinder direct injection gasoline turbo engine. L 4-cylinder direct injection gasoline turbo engine.

2013 223

Navigant: gasoline and diesel stop-start vehicles to represent 58% of all new vehicles sold in 2025

Green Car Congress

In a new report analyzing the emerging global market for technologies that improve fuel economy, Navigant Research forecasts that sales of gasoline and diesel stop-start vehicles (SSVs) will reach 63 million annually by 2025, representing 58% of all vehicles sold in that year. Diesel-fueled vehicles are expected to maintain a small growth in market volume and increasingly feature stop-start capability.

2014 233

Lotus Omnivore Engine Shows Up To 10% Better Fuel Economy Than Spray-Guided GDI Engines; Achieves HCCI At Extremely Light Loads

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Comparison of fuel consumption of Omnivore, homogeneous Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) and Spray-Guided GDI engines. The first testing phase of Lotus Engineering’s Omnivore variable compression ratio, flex-fuel direct injection two-stroke engine ( earlier post ) has been successfully completed on gasoline. These impressive results represent an important step-forward in Lotus Engineering’s strategy of developing an array of more efficient multi-fuel combustion systems.

2009 195

Controlled Power Technologies Packages Its Switched Reluctance Systems in ‘RegEnBoost’ System for Enhanced Support for Downsizing

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CPT says that the RegEnBoost system enables a typical family-sized car to achieve less than 100 g/km CO 2 with a 1-liter gasoline engine, but when required can offer the same lively performance and in-gear acceleration of a 2-liter naturally aspirated powertrain. Small displacement engines offer excellent CO 2 and fuel economy benefits; they have lower parasitic losses and operate more efficiently under part load conditions. The three components of the RegEnBoost system.

2009 177

Volkswagen Emphasizes Downsizing at 30th Vienna Engine Symposium; Highlights 1.2 TSI and 1.6 TDI

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Continuing to emphasize a downsizing approach, Volkswagen presented two new engines at the at the 30 th Vienna Engine Symposium (7-8 May): the 1.2-liter TSI gasoline engine and the 1.6-liter TDI diesel. Both engines impressively show how Volkswagen reduces the CO 2 emissions and the fuel consumption and that to fungible costs. Downsizing is rigorously being developed in the volume segments with the 1.2 The resulting car offers fuel consumption is just 3.6

2009 150

Ford Making Aggressive Push With EcoBoost and Technologies Such as Ti-VCT for Improved Fuel Economy; Roadmap for Future Generations of EcoBoost Highlights Role as Company Strategy as Well as Product

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The next-generation of EcoBoost will seek to improve performance and fuel consumption through the use of technologies such as advanced boosting and cooled EGR. As part of an aggressive deployment strategy for improving fuel efficiency across its product line-up in the near-to medium-term, Ford will offer its first-generation turbocharged, gasoline direct-injection EcoBoost engines ( earlier post ) in 90% of its product lineup by 2013.

2009 174

ExxonMobil, Corning and Toyota develop onboard membrane system to separate gasoline into octane fractions to optimize engine efficiency and performance

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ExxonMobil, Corning and Toyota have collaborated to develop an Onboard Separation System (OBS) to optimize gasoline engine efficiency and performance. OBS is a membrane-based process that separates gasoline into higher and lower octane fractions—essentially creating a dual fuel system from a single base fuel—allowing optimal use of fuel components based on engine requirements. OBS has been demonstrated using several generations of dual-fuel test vehicles.

2014 260