Split injection Miller cycle with boost decreases knock tendency and increases torque in downsized engine

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Tianjin University in China report that combing split injection to the Miller cycle with boost pressure can effectively decrease the knock tendency and increase the engine torque in a downsized spark-ignition engine. The current development of downsized spark ignition (SI) engines with boost pressure is a proven way of increasing the thermal efficiency and reducing CO 2 emissions. Engines Fuel Efficiency

2018 174

VW suggests engine downsizing is done; emissions rules are the reason

Green Car Reports

When it comes to improving fuel efficiency, simply making an engine smaller is a fairly direct way to get results. They have downsized engines across model lines, usually adding turbochargers at the same time to match the power output of the larger-displacement engines that they. emissions VW downsizing Fuel Economy TurbochargingIt's the approach that many automakers have taken in recent years.

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Land Rover plug-in hybrid lineup expands with downsized engine, bigger battery

Green Car Reports

Land Rover is launching a new plug-in hybrid powertrain, based around a downsized 3-cylinder engine, that promises greater fuel economy and more electric range than the British automaker's current models.

Torotrak to present extreme engine downsizing solution at Dresden supercharging conference

Green Car Congress

At the 21 st Supercharging Conference in Dresden next week, Torotrak Group will present results from engine testing that verify previous claims for V-Charge, a variable drive mechanical supercharger. GTDI engine, V-Charge achieved improved BSFC (brake specific fuel consumption), better transient performance and a maximum BMEP (brake mean effective pressure) of 31 bar. 3-cylinder Ecoboost engine has similar performance to a 1.5L Engines Fuel Efficiency

2016 163

Volvo to concentrate on hybrids and downsized engines for US

Green Car Congress

Volvo Car Corporation will rely on a powertrain strategy based on its new downsized 4-cylinder VEA (Volvo Environmental Architecture) engine platform ( earlier post ) and hybrids for the US market, said John Maloney, recently appointed President of Volvo Cars, US, in an interview at the Detroit Auto Show. The engine in the XC60 Plug-in Hybrid Concept has no conventional starter motor or alternator. L/100km) combined (for the all-wheel drive models) using a 6-cylinder engine.

EIA: trends in downsized engine design leading to increased demand for higher-octane gasoline

Green Car Congress

Further, there is increasing interest among stakeholders in exploring the benefits of higher octane fuels that would lead to higher compression ratios which would lead to more efficient engines and reduced fuel consumption. One significant trend is engine downsizing coupled with turbocharging. The pressurized intake air allows a turbocharged engine to produce more power compared with a naturally aspirated engine of the same size.

2016 163

Volkswagen of America bringing in downsized 1.8L EA888 engine to displace 2.5L; all vehicles E15 capable

Green Car Congress

Technologies in the EA888 engine line. Among the important product changes for Volkswagen of America for the 2014 model year is the introduction of the EA888 1.8-liter turbocharged and direct-injection four-cylinder TSI engine, which will gradually replace the 2.5-liter five-cylinder naturally aspirated powerplant fitted to the Jetta, Beetle, and Passat models. The EA888 is one of the Volkswagen Group’s three major engine lines: EA 211 (gasoline engines 1.0l

2013 247

Hyundai showcasing new downsized turbo engines and 7-speed dual-clutch transmission; i40 48V Hybrid, i30 CNG

Green Car Congress

New engines and transmission. Hyundai Motor is showcasing two new turbocharged gasoline direct injected (T-GDI) engines at the Paris Motor Show 2014. Both engines—1.0-liter and 1.4-liter units which are part of a new generation of engines from the Kappa family—meet growing demand for small capacity, turbocharged engines to reduce fuel consumption and CO 2 emission without compromising performance. Kappa 1.4-liter T-GDI engine.

2014 209

Achates OPGCI project targeting 50% fuel efficiency gains over downsized GDI engine at reduced cost

Green Car Congress

Achates Power will work with Delphi Automotive and Argonne National Laboratory on its ARPA-E-funded project to develop an innovative opposed-piston, gasoline compression ignition (OPGCI) engine. The engine should yield fuel efficiency gains of more than 50% compared to a downsized, turbo-charged gasoline direct injection engine, while reducing the overall cost of the powertrain system, said Fabien Redon, Vice President, Technology Development at Achates Power.

2015 163

ICCT-led analysis of turbocharged, downsized engine tech finds lower costs and greater benefits than 2012 EPA/NHTSA analysis; 48V, e-boost, Miller

Green Car Congress

A new white paper published by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), in collaboration with Eaton, Ricardo, JCI, BorgWarner, Honeywell, and the ITB Group, analyzes current turbocharged, downsized gasoline engine technology developments and trends. Since then, innovations in vehicle technologies have come rapidly, enabled by computer-aided design tools and electronic engine controls. 48V Emissions Engines Fuel Efficiency Vehicle Systems

2016 209

KIT researchers developing low-pressure carbonitriding process for hardening steel with methylamine; applications in downsized engines

Green Car Congress

Steels hardened in this way are suited for use in components subjected to high mechanical and thermal loads in downsized, energy-efficient and low-emission engines of the future. Combustion engines still have potential to save energy and reduce emissions; a current trend is to use downsized engines of the same or even increased power. Diesel Engines Manufacturing Materials Powertrain materials

2015 150

New lightweight aluminum piston from Federal-Mogul enables further downsizing of gasoline engines

Green Car Congress

Federal-Mogul Corporation has developed a lightweight, high-strength aluminium piston that enables engine manufacturers to increase the power density and efficiency of boosted, direct injected gasoline engines. Specific power outputs in engines are likely to increase from current levels of around 95 kW/L to 130 kW/L to coming years. Baberg, chief engineer product engineering, Federal-Mogul Powertrain Energy. Engines Fuel Efficiency Manufacturing

2012 210

New Efficient Supercharger with Variable Drive for Downsized Gasoline Engines

Green Car Congress

Turbo lag can become increasingly intrusive as engines get smaller. Superchargers are mechanically geared to enhance performance at either low or high engine speeds. The Rotrak solution overcomes this constraint by connecting the supercharger to the engine by a compact variable drive, allowing efficient operation across the whole engine speed range. The need to reduce CO 2 emissions is leading to downsized engines, heavily boosted by turbo- or supercharging.

Simulation study finds “Millerizing” the Scuderi split-cycle engine could enable 50% engine downsizing with retention of power and torque, along with reduced fuel consumption

Green Car Congress

Simulation study finds Miller version of Scuderi engine can deliver twice the BMEP as naturally aspirated version, theoretically enabling 50% downsizing while maintaining performance. In a naturally aspirated conventional engine, this would result in a loss of BMEP, but an increase in thermal efficiency. Applying the Miller cycle to the Scuderi engine (right) entails downsizing of the compression cylinder. Engines Fuel Efficiency

2012 221

Volvo introducing new downsized 4-cylinder engine range, with fuel economy improvements up to 35%; hybrid and flywheel drive systems

Green Car Congress

The Volvo Car Corporation is introducing a new, downsized engine range consisting solely of four-cylinder gasoline and diesel engines. The upcoming four-cylinder VEA (Volvo Environmental Architecture) engine range includes common rail diesels and direct injected gasoline engines. The new VEA engines reduce the number of unique parts by 60%. Batteries Engines

2011 228

McMaster team reviews progress on hybrid-specific engine technologies

Green Car Congress

A team from McMaster University in Canada has published a comprehensive review of recent progress in low-temperature combustion (LTC), alternative fuels (AF), over-expansion Atkinson cycle, and waste heat recovery (WHR) techniques as applied to hybrid-specific engines. As a crucial component in hybrid powertrains, the internal combustion engine has important impacts on vehicle performance. Atkinson-cycle engines have been extensively used on HEVs with great fuel-saving performance.

Engine 183

Cummins progressing with lightweight downsized T2B2 diesel for pickup; 40% improvement in fuel economy over gasoline V8

Green Car Congress

Cummins reports that it, along with partners Johnson Matthey and Nissan, is on plan in a 4-year, $30-million ($15 million from the US Department of Energy) research project to deliver a light-duty diesel engine with fuel economy 40% improved over that of baseline gasoline V8 engine for a half-ton pickup truck while also meeting the requirements of US Tier2 Bin2 tailpipe emissions. Cost of the new engine relative to gasoline baseline. Diesel Emissions Engines Fuel Efficiency

2014 288

Downsized 3-Cylinder Engines Not Refined Enough For Mercedes

Green Car Reports

Three-cylinder engines are all the rage right now. Once the preserve of basic economy cars, they''re now used in everything from the latest generation of economy vehicles, through sporty hatchbacks like the 2015 MINI Cooper and Ford Fiesta 1.0 EcoBoost, to BMW''s i8 plug-in hybrid sports car. Mercedes-Benz though will not be joining the three-pot

Ricardo to assist Lifan in development of 1.2L turbocharged DI gasoline engines for downsizing applications

Green Car Congress

Ricardo will assist Lifan Automobile Group based in Chongqing, China, with the development of a family of highly downsized gasoline engines capable of meeting future Chinese and international fuel economy and emissions regulations. Under the new contract, which follows on collaboration between the two companies over the past five years, two new engines will be developed based on a common 1.2L

2011 183

Williams F1 Team and Mercedes-Benz enter long-term engine partnership; downsized turbo hybrid Power Units

Green Car Congress

The Williams F1 Team and Mercedes-Benz signed a long-term engine partnership from the 2014 Formula One World Championship season onwards. Under the terms of the agreement, Williams will be supplied with a Mercedes-Benz Power Unit (Internal Combustion Engine plus Energy Recovery System) by Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains (HPP) based in Brixworth, UK. liter V8 engines to 1.6

2013 190

FEV to Display Extremely Downsized Engine at 2010 SAE World Congress

Green Car Congress

FEV’s 698 cm 3 Extremely Downsized Engine. will show its Extremely Downsized Engine (EDE) at next week’s 2010 SAE World Congress in Detroit. The engine delivers a specific power of more than 100 kW/L and offers enhanced part load efficiency with significant improvements in low-end torque. The base engine is the Smart Brabus engine. Tags: Engines Click to enlarge. FEV, Inc.

2010 183

BorgWarner suggests Valve-Event Modulated Boost system can offer 6-17% fuel economy benefit over already downsized and turbocharged engines

Green Car Congress

BorgWarner says that its Valve-Event Modulated Boost (VEMB) system can offer a total possible fuel economy improvement of 6% at low speeds to 17% at high speeds over already downsized and turbocharged engines by separating the exhaust event into an early blow-down phase directed toward the turbo and a late scavenge phase directed toward the EGR system. Engines Fuel Efficiency

2012 195

Next Mercedes-Benz small cars to get even tinier engines

Green Car Reports

Not so many years ago, a 1.2-liter engine would only have been found in the U.S. But times change, and engines of that size will soon be found even in the smallest of Mercedes-Benz luxury cars. emissions Future Cars downsizing Engines Fuel Economyin the smallest and least impressive of subcompact cars. It might have been a 3-cylinder, and certainly wouldn't have had even 100 horsepower.

2017 90

Federal-Mogul Introduces New Diesel Piston Design to Support Downsized Engines with Higher Output

Green Car Congress

Federal-Mogul Corporation has developed an innovative aluminum piston design that can reliably withstand the mechanical and thermal loads produced by heavily boosted engines, thereby enhancing diesel engine performance and supporting diesel downsizing. The result is an extension of engine life to between four to seven times that achieved with a conventional cast piston. Tags: Diesel Engines Materials

2009 190

Concept: Downsized and Supercharged Hybrid Pneumatic Engine for 30%+ Reduction in Fuel Consumption

Green Car Congress

Schematic of downsized and supercharged four-stroke hybrid pneumatic spark injection engine. Researchers at ETH Zürich, with partners Robert Bosch GmbH, Wenko Swissauto and the Swiss Federal Office of Energy are developing a downsized and supercharged hybrid pneumatic engine that they say can deliver a fuel consumption reduction of more than 30% compared to a standard engine with the same rated power. The engine has a compression ratio of 9.0,

2009 163

Ford Marks 5-Millionth EcoBoost Engine Since 2009

Green Car Reports

Back in 2009, Ford introduced what would become the backbone of its fuel-efficiency strategy: the EcoBoost line of efficiency-focused engines. Ford has used the smaller turbocharged, direct-injected engines in most of its models to improve its EPA fuel-economy ratings--even if high gas-mileage numbers aren''t always reflected in all buyers''. EcoBoost Turbochargers direct injection downsizing Fuel Economy EPA Ratings

2009 118

Audis Downsized 1.2L TFSI for the A3 and A3 Sportback

Green Car Congress

Audi has introduced a new low-displacement turbocharged gasoline engine in the A3 model line. TFSI engine generates 77 kW (105 hp), with fuel consumption of 5.5 Downsizing entails the replacement of engine displacement with turbocharging. This engine’s low weight of 89.5 A typical turbocharged engine, this small four-cylinder unit operates at low rpms. Tags: Engines Fuel Efficiency

HyBoost demonstrator debuts at LCV2011; 50% by swept volume downsizing with low-cost electrification

Green Car Congress

The HyBoost project vehicle was revealed for the first time today at the Cenex Low Carbon Vehicle 2011 event hosted at Rockingham, UK, demonstrating a combination of high-impact, low-cost electrical systems which offer the prospect of radical engine downsizing using electric supercharger and energy capture and storage technologies within an otherwise conventional gasoline powertrain architecture. naturally aspirated four-cylinder gasoline engine has been replaced with a 1.0L

2011 190

Study Finds Strong Synergy Between Spark Ignition Engine Downsizing and Low-to-Moderate Alcohol Blend Fuels

Green Car Congress

A study by engineers from Mahle Powertrain Ltd and BP found strong synergy between spark ignition (SI) engine downsizing and fuel containing low-to-moderate amounts of alcohol, including ethanol and butanol. The researchers found that the combination of technologies allowed improvements in fuel economy over the engine drive cycle. A Study of Gasoline-Alcohol Blended Fuels in an Advanced Turbocharged DISI Engine. ( Tags: Biobutanol Engines Ethanol Fuels

Federal-Mogul lean tool steel offers an easily-machined, durable, valve seat material for downsizing and alt-fuel engine demands

Green Car Congress

Federal-Mogul Corporation has developed a cost-effective new material for valve seat inserts that helps manufacturers meet the durability demands of engine downsizing and alternative or high-octane blended fuels. The company says that its lean tool steel powder metal is more efficient to machine than conventional alloys, allowing faster throughput and improved productivity on customers’ engine cylinder head production lines. Engines Materials

2010 174

2025 Gas Mileage Reachable With 'Radical Downsizing' HyBoost Engine, Says Ricardo

Green Car Reports

Noticed engines getting smaller recently? Downsizing", as it''s called, involves using a smaller engine to do the work of a larger alternative--usually through turbocharging--while enjoying the fuel efficiency benefits associated with its size. Engineering firm Ricardo thinks this will continue, and not just in small You''re not alone.

2013 95

Downsizing to become default? The Green Piece

Green Cars News

Alfa Romeo has this week proven how to make downsizing fun, engaging and a treat for enthusiasts: it has launched the MiTo 875cc TB TwinAir 85. As its name suggests, it is indeed a 0.875-litre engine – even more intriguing than that, it boasts just two cylinders, [.]. The Green Piece Alfa Romeo downsizingTuesday 24 July, 2012. The Green Piece Column.

UK company forms engine downsizing partnership

Green Cars News

In a partnership to be known as Rotrak, Torotrak’s variable speed traction drive will combine with Rotrex’s supercharging technology to help provide affordable engine downsizing technologies to the automotive industry. Tags: Green cars Latest news engine downsizing technology Rotrex supercharging technology Torotrak variable speed traction drive

Volkswagen Emphasizes Downsizing at 30th Vienna Engine Symposium; Highlights 1.2 TSI and 1.6 TDI

Green Car Congress

Continuing to emphasize a downsizing approach, Volkswagen presented two new engines at the at the 30 th Vienna Engine Symposium (7-8 May): the 1.2-liter TSI gasoline engine and the 1.6-liter TDI diesel. Both engines will be available to order for the new Polo and the Golf this year. Due to its modular structure, the 1.6-liter TDI engine will serve as a basis for all future four-cylinder diesel engines of Volkswagen. The new 1.6-liter TDI.

2009 150

Complex engine tech gets better ratings, does little in real world: report

Green Car Reports

While major strides in fuel economy have been made over the past five years, the complex engine technologies and other improvements turn out to have less effect in real-world. emissions hybrid downsizing CAFE Fuel Economy Turbocharging EPA Ratings Corporate Average Fuel EconomyLately, automakers haven't been touting the rising fuel economy of new vehicles, but it has to continue rising to meet reductions in the legal levels of carbon emitted.

2017 97

Federal-Mogul hybrid liner for cylinders reduces bore distortion and improves function in lighter, downsized engines; up to 40% reduction in oil consumption

Green Car Congress

Quasi-monolithic bond of a hybrid liner with aluminum outer coating to engine block (left) compared to typical gap found between grey iron liners and the aluminium block (right). improve function in the latest generation of lighter, highly-loaded aluminum-block engines. Compared to alternative liner technologies, the Federal-Mogul Hybrid Liner, with an aluminum-silicon outer coating, reduces bore distortion in a running engine by two-thirds. Engines Fuel Efficiency Material

2012 204

HyBoost concept achieving close to Prius-level CO2 emissions; aggressive downsizing with advanced boosting and micro-hybrid system

Green Car Congress

version of its vehicle (a 2009 Ford Focus) but with fuel economy and CO 2 emissions approaching those of a Prius, according to David Boggs, Ricardo Technical Specialist, Engines, in a presentation at the recent 2011 Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research Conference (DEER) hosted by the Department of Energy in Detroit. Downsizing the 2.0-liter base engine to a 1-liter, boosted direct injection (EcoBoost) engine delivers up to a 25% reduction.

2011 203

Jaguar Joins Downsized Engine Parade With Very Familiar Four

Green Car Reports

Writing about the latest carmaker plans to add smaller, more efficient engines is now almost a weekly occurrence. Today's lucky winner is Jaguar, which took the occasion of the Beijing Auto Show to announce some future powertrain plans--including its first production four-cylinder engine since the late and unlamented X-Type sedan.

Toyotas Yaris hybrid concept anticipates B-segment hybrid strategy with first downsizing of HSD; Prius +

Green Car Congress

This marks Toyota’s first downsizing of its HSD technology. This engineering solution targets the independent powering of the air-conditioning unit for improved full hybrid powertrain fuel economy. Introducing full hybrid technology into the B-segment presented Toyota with several unique engineering challenges. Yaris HSD concept. Click to enlarge.

2011 204

New Delphi 500+ bar GDi system cuts particulates by up to 50% without engine changes

Green Car Congress

Building off its 350 bar GDi (Gasoline Direct Injection) system, Delphi Technologies has developed a 500+ bar GDi system that can reduce particulate emissions by up to 50% without expensive engine re-designs for the majority of applications. With an innovative new sealing system and a new, downsized plunger, Delphi Technologies’ high-efficiency fuel pump delivers the increased pressures needed without increasing the load on the on the engine’s camshaft.

2019 199

Consumer Reports survey shows high fuel costs cause downsizing, less driving; 73% would consider alt fuel vehicle

Green Car Congress

The survey, conducted by the Consumer Reports National Research Center, found that car owners were open to different ways of saving at the pump, from downsizing to looking at hybrids, electric cars, or models with diesel engines. Of those who said they plan to move to a different type, owners of large SUVs were the most open to downsizing, frequently planning to move to a smaller SUV.

2012 183

VW Premieres New Polo GTI; Textbook Downsizing Results in 25% Reduction in Fuel Consumption from Predecessor

Green Car Congress

The engine, which delivers 132 kW (177 hp), is coupled with a 7-speed DSG as standard. The 177 hp Euro-5 16-valve four-cylinder engine reaches its maximum power at 6,200 rpm. Its engine had a power of 83 kW / 111 hp and made the Polo G40, which in top condition today is a collector’s item, nearly 200 km/h fast. Tags: Engines Fuel Efficiency The new Volkswagen Polo GTI. Click to enlarge. Volkswagen is premiering the new Polo GTI.

2010 204

Volvo Downsizes Engines, Continues Drive Towards Greener Cars

Green Car Reports

Volvo isn’t the largest automaker in the world -- but it is one of the safest thanks to a long-standing passion about passenger and pedestrian safety dating back to when the company was founed nearly 85 years ago. But recently Volvo has developed a new passion to put alongside its aim to have no-one die as a result of a Volvo accident by the