BNL Researchers develop low-cost, efficient, non-noble metal electrocatalyst to produce hydrogen from water

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A team of researchers led by Dr. James Muckerman at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) have developed a new class of high-activity, low-cost, non-noble metal electrocatalyst that generates hydrogen gas from water. Platinum is the gold standard for electrocatalysis, combining low overpotential with high activity for the chemical reactions in water-splitting.

2012 234

New high-activity, low-cost nickel-based catalyst for fuel cells exhibits performance similar to Pt; hydroxide exchange membrane fuel cells

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Researchers at the University of Delaware, with a colleague at the Beijing University of Chemical Technology, have developed a composite catalyst—nickel nanoparticles supported on nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes—that exhibits hydrogen oxidation activity in alkaline electrolyte similar to platinum-group metals. Owing to its high activity and low cost, the catalyst shows significant potential for use in low-cost, high-performance fuel cells, the team suggested.

2016 150

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Valero to Permanently Close 210,000 bpd Delaware City Refinery

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Valero Energy Corporation intends to permanently shut down its Delaware City, Delaware refinery due to financial losses caused by very poor economic conditions, significant capital spending requirements and high operating costs. Valero Delaware City Refinery. The Valero Delaware City Refinery , acquired in the purchase of Premcor in 2005, was commissioned in 1956 with a throughput capacity of 140,000 barrels per day (bpd).

Chicken feathers plucked for hydrogen storage?

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No, this isn’t April Fool’s Day - scientists at the University of Delaware are developing a new low-cost material for hydrogen storage in the form of carbonised chicken feathers. According to the University, the chicken feathers could meet the Department of Energy’s (DOE) requirements for hydrogen storage and are competitive with carbon nanotubes and metal hydrates but cost only a tiny fraction by comparison.

2009 34

ARPA-E awarding $33M to 10 projects for natural gas pipeline retrofitting: REPAIR

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REPAIR teams will develop technology that enables gas utilities to update their distribution systems at low cost and continue to reliably service commercial and residential gas delivery needs nationwide. REPAIR teams are developing technologies to address deficiencies while also working toward a 10-to-20-times reduction in cost per mile. Efforts to excavate and replace legacy natural gas distribution pipes are increasingly costly.

2020 192

Material Derived From Carbonized Chicken Feathers Could Meet DOE Hydrogen Storage Targets

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Scientists at the University of Delaware are developing a new low-cost material for hydrogen storage—carbonized chicken feathers (CCFF)—that they say could meet the DOE requirements for hydrogen storage and are competitive with carbon nanotubes and metal hydrates at a tiny fraction of their cost. The goal of University of Delaware project is to develop new low cost hydrogen storage substrates from an abundant waste material (6 billion lbs/yr in US): chicken feathers.

2009 194

DOE announces $139M in funding for 55 projects to advance innovative vehicle technologies

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University of Delaware. Ultra-Low Volume Change Silicon-Dominant Nanocomposite Anodes for Long Calendar Life and Cycle Life. AOI 02: Low Cost Electric Traction Drive Systems Using No Heavy Rare Earth Materials. Low Cost, High-Performance, Heavy Rare Earth-Free 3-In-1 Electric Drive Unit. Low-Cost Rare-Earth Free Electric Drivetrain Enabled by Novel Permanent Magnets, Inverter, Integrated Design and Advanced Thermal Management.

2020 192

ARPA-E announces $98M in funding for 40 OPEN projects; two opposed-piston engines projects receive $10M total

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Pinnacle Engines will electrify its four-stroke, spark-ignited, opposed-piston engine to improve fuel efficiency and reduce its cost. In addition, Pinnacle will employ high rates of exhaust gas recirculation and a low temperature combustion strategy, which will improve knock tolerance and reduce heat loss, pumping work, and NO x emissions. Ecolectro is developing alkaline exchange ionomers (AEIs) to enable low-cost fuel cell and electrolyzer technologies.

2018 211

ARPA-E awards $37M for IONICS projects; improving solid-state batteries and fuel cells

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Solid ion conductors made of affordable, easily produced materials could replace today’s mostly liquid electrolytes and expensive fuel cell parts, helping create a next generation of batteries and fuel cells that are low-cost, durable, and more efficient. However, until now, solid ion conductors have been limited by drawbacks such as low ionic conductivity and expensive processing. Selective and low-cost separators for batteries with liquid reactants.

2016 185

Aqueous Hybrid Ion battery company Aquion files for Chap. 11, targets sale of assets

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the developer and manufacturer of Aqueous Hybrid Ion (AHI) batteries and energy storage systems ( earlier post ), filed a voluntary petition under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court of the District of Delaware. In 2007, with support from Carnegie Mellon University, Dr. Jay Whitacre began researching low-cost electrochemical approaches to bulk energy storage. Aquion Energy Inc.,

2017 163

DOE selects eight integrated biorefinery projects for up to $15M total in funding

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TRI’s work in these systems will promote feedstock flexibility and enable the processing of low-cost feedstock to enhance IBRs’ economic viability. The MIBR will improve IBR sustainability and cost-effectiveness. White Dog Labs (New Castle, Delaware)—White Dog Labs’ project will use the residual cellulosic sugars in cellulosic stillage syrup to produce single-cell protein (SCP) for aquaculture feed.

2017 150

ARPA-E selects 33 projects for $66M in awards; advanced biocatalysts for gas-to-liquids and lightweight metals

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The other program, Modern Electro/Thermochemical Advancements for Light-metal Systems (METALS, earlier post ), provides $32 million to 18 projects to find cost-effective and energy-efficient manufacturing techniques to process and recycle metals for lightweight vehicles. This program aims to lower the cost of GTL conversion while enabling the use of low-cost, low-carbon, domestically sourced natural gas. University of Delaware. Cost ($/kg).

2013 219

AC Propulsion and AutoPort, Inc. Partner to Develop EV Conversion Prototype for US Postal Service Feasibility Study

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AutoPort will convert the vehicle on-site at its facilities in New Castle, Delaware. AC Propulsion and AutoPort’s solution offers the low cost of ownership and revenue producing potential of Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) technology integrated into its drive system.

2010 179

South Korean EV Company to Open Two Production and Distribution Facilities in Pennsylvania

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CT&T makes low- and mid-speed, short-distance neighborhood electric vehicles that pass crash tests required for regular passenger cars. The company is focusing on sites on the Delaware River in Philadelphia for its initial Pennsylvania location. South Korea-based CT&T Co. intends to open two production and distribution facilities in Pennsylvania. Earlier post.) Pennsylvania Governor Ed Rendell made the announcement at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh.

Monolayer of Platinum Atoms on a Tungsten Carbide Support Catalyzes the Electrolytic Production of H2 Effectively and Cheaply; Significant Reduction in Platinum Loading

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A low-cost substrate material, tungsten monocarbide (W blue, C small gray spheres) is capable of supporting monolayer amounts of platinum (large blue-gray spheres) to produce an electrocatalyst with the same hydrogen-evolution reaction (HER) activity as bulk platinum. Current attempts to reduce the use of costly platinum in catalysts by depositing platinum particles onto a support have not been efficient enough.

2010 179

ARPA-E awards $35M to 16 REFUEL projects for energy-dense carbon-neutral liquid fuels; leveraging ammonia

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REFUEL projects will convert low-cost renewable energy into a transportable chemical fuel and use these fuels for transportation applications, while reducing production costs and environmental impact. Low Temperature Ammonia Cracking Membrane Reactor for Hydrogen Generation (Category 2) The Bettergy Corporation team will develop a system to “crack,” or break apart, ammonia, releasing pure hydrogen, using a non-precious metal catalyst at temperatures below 450 °C.

2016 174

New bimetallic copper-titanium hydrogen evolution catalyst outperforms platinum by more than 2x

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A team from the University of Delaware and Columbia University, with colleagues at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, reports that a new hierarchical nanoporous copper-titanium bimetallic electrocatalyst is able to produce hydrogen from water under a mild overpotential at more than twice the rate of state-of-the-art carbon-supported platinum catalyst. Modeling study showing possible bimetallic sites on a Ti-modified Cu surface.

2015 252

DOE FCTO selects 11 fuel cell incubator projects for up to $10M in awards; exploring alkaline exchange membrane FCs

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The projects selected have the potential significantly to lower the cost or improve the performance, durability, or efficiency of fuel cells or hydrogen fuel production. Assess the technical and economic feasibility of thermal compression for cost-effective pressurization of hydrogen to 700 bar for hydrogen fueling stations, as well as demonstrate the concept in a small-scale test system. University of Delaware.

2015 179

DOE awards $100M in 2nd funding round for 32 Energy Frontier Research Centers

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Harness the unique properties of quantum-confined semiconductors to realize the next generation of low-cost, high- efficiency solar photoconversion systems. University of Delaware. The US Department of Energy (DOE) is awarding $100 million in the second round of funding for Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs); research supported by this initiative will enable fundamental advances in energy production, storage, and use.

2014 271

DOE awarding $72M to 27 projects to develop and advance carbon capture technologies, including direct air capture

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Under this cost-shared research and development (R&D), DOE is awarding $51 million to nine new projects for coal and natural gas power and industrial sources. Under the first FOA (DE-FOA-0002187), Capture Research and Development (R&D): Engineering Scale Testing from Coal- and Natural-Gas-Based Flue Gas and Initial Engineering Design for Industrial Sources, DOE selected nine projects to receive $51 million for cost-shared R&D.

2020 203

ARPA-E Awards $151M to 37 Projects for Transformative Energy Research

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Eagle Picher, in partnership with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, will develop a new generation of high energy, low cost planar liquid sodium beta batteries for grid scale electrical power storage applications. Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology will develop a paradigm shifting new all-liquid metal grid scale battery for low cost, large scale storage of electrical energy. High Yielding, Low Input Energy Crops.

2009 200

DOE ARPA-E awards $156M to projects to 60 projects to accelerate innovation in clean energy technologies

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High Performance, Low Cost Superconducting Wires and Coils. for High Power Wind Generators The University of Houston will develop a new, low-cost. yield a several-fold reduction in wire costs, making. with properties exceeding those of scarce and costly rare earth magnets. Electric Vehicles, University of Delaware). Advanced Electric Vehicle Motors with Low or No Rare Earth. efficiency at less cost. substantially lower cost.

2011 242

ARPA-E Selects 37 Projects for $106M in Funding in Second Round; Electrofuels, Better Batteries and Carbon Capture

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This project will develop and optimize a novel, engineered microorganism that produces a biodiesel-equivalent fuel from renewable hydrogen and carbon dioxide, at costs of less than $2.50 The team anticipates at least a twofold productivity improvement over current levels and a cost that can be competitive with gasoline. of Delaware). The critical barrier to wider deployment of electric vehicles is the high cost and low energy of today’s batteries.

2010 212

Perspective: Regional Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade Programs May be the Solution

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These reductions in power plant emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) and nitrogen oxides (NO x ) were achieved at a significantly lower cost than originally assumed. Today, this cap-and-trade program is considered one of the most efficient and cost-effective environmental initiatives ever implemented. It covers ten Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic states (Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont).

2010 210