West Virginia Senator Robert Byrd: Coal Must Embrace The Future

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Writing in last Thursday’s West Virginia Metro News that “ the time has come to have an open and honest dialogue about coal’s future in West Virginia ”, US Senator Robert Byrd (D-West Virginia) issued a stinging rebuke of the coal industry’s recent political tactics, challenging the industry to transition away from mountaintop mining, currently practiced in three US states, and towards low-carbon coal production processes.

TransGas and SK EC team on West Virginia coal-to-gasoline project

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Ltd (SKE&C) leading to engineering, procurement and construction of its first US coal-to-gasoline plant—Adams Fork Energy—to be located in Mingo County, West Virginia. The Adams Fork Energy project will convert regional coal into premium-grade gasoline, producing 18,000 barrels per day (756,000 gallons US, 2.86 First, coal is gasified to produce synthesis gas, using Uhde PRENFLO PDQ gasifiers.

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West Virginia Univ. receives $1.15M grant for second hydrogen production-fueling station in state; focus on fossil-fuel-to-hydrogen

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The National Alternative Fuels Training Consortium at West Virginia University (WVU) has received a $1.15-million grant to develop the state’s second hydrogen production-fueling station. By building and operating a new hydrogen fueling station in Morgantown, West Virginia University will demonstrate running automobiles on hydrogen fuel made from coal-powered electricity.

DOE to Build Hydrogen Fuel Test Facility at West Virginia Airport

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The fuel will be used by the airport’s operations and the 130 th Air Wing of the West Virginia Air National Guard. NETL envisions that in the long term, hydrogen will be produced from coal. Alternatively, the electricity for the hydrolysis of water will come from coal-based power generation. Two similar facilities are being planned for West Virginia and Pennsylvania.

DOE invests $17.4M in projects to advance recovery of rare earth elements from coal and coal byproducts

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) selected four projects to move on to a second phase of research in their efforts to advance recovery of rare earth elements (REE) from coal and coal byproducts. The following two bench-scale projects were selected under area of interest 1: The University of North Dakota Institute for Energy Studies will use North Dakota sub-bituminous lignite coal and coal-related material as feedstock to test their REE recovery system.

2017 65

DOE Lab, partners find high concentrations of rare earth elements in American coal basins

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has found high rare earth element (REE) concentrations in coal samples taken from the Illinois, Northern Appalachian, Central Appalachian, Rocky Mountain Coal Basins, and the Pennsylvania Anthracite region. The discovery was made in partnership with West Virginia University (WVU), the University of Kentucky (UK), Tetra Tech, and the XLight Corporation.

2017 60

NETL says rare earth recovery projects meeting and exceeding expectations

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DOE research has identified coal and coal by-products as a promising domestic source of REEs, which are critical elements in numerous modern technologies spanning a range of applications including electronics, computer and communication systems, transportation, health care, and national defense.

2018 121

WVU opens new research facility to extract valuable rare earth elements from acid mine drainage

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West Virginia University (WVU) researchers are opening a new facility to capture rare earth elements (REEs) from acid mine drainage (AMD) from coal mining. He found that acid mine drainage, a byproduct of coal mining, “naturally” concentrates rare earths.

2018 85

Battelle team developing new hybrid direct coal-to-liquids process to produce jet fuel; lower costs and GHGs

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In a cost-shared program supported by the US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and the Ohio Coal Development Office (OCDO) of the Ohio Development Services Agency (ODSA), a team at Battelle is demonstrating a new, hybrid, direct coal-to-liquids process for producing jet fuel using biomass-derived coal solvents. The conversion of coal to syncrude is carried out at a relatively low pressure without requiring gaseous hydrogen or a catalyst.

2016 60

DOE to award $4M to 9 projects to recover rare earth elements from coal and by-products

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The Department of Energy (DOE) has selected nine projects to receive approximately $4 million in cost-shared federal funding to improve the technical, environmental, and economic performance of new and existing technologies that extract, separate, and recover rare earth elements (REEs) from domestic US coal and coal by-products. US coal resources contain quantities of REEs that offer the potential to reduce dependence on others for these critical materials.

2017 60

DOE selects 10 projects to enhance research into recovery of rare earth elements from coal and coal byproducts

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has selected 10 projects to receive funding for research in support of the lab’s program on Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from Coal and Coal Byproducts. The selected research projects will further program goals by focusing on the development of cost-effective and environmentally benign approaches for the recovery of rare earth elements (REEs) from domestic coal and coal byproducts.

2015 60

DOE Selects Seven Projects for University Coal Research Program

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The US Department of Energy has selected 7 projects to participate in the University Coal Research (UCR) program. The projects aim to improve the basic understanding of the chemical and physical processes that govern coal conversion and utilization, by-product utilization, and technological development for advanced energy systems. West Virginia University, Morgantown, W.Va. West Virginia University will collaborate with NexTech Materials, Ltd.,

2010 74

DOE: US average EV CO2e/year is 4,815 lbs, vs. 11,435 lbs for average gasoline car

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West Virginia’s electricity production is 95.7% from coal, making it the state with the most well-to-wheel CO 2 -equivalent emissions.

2016 132

3 More Reasons I’m Happy I Dumped the Democrats

Creative Greenius

They’re not only not fighting them, they’re wrapping their coal dusted arms around it. And what a surprise, one of them, Congressman Nick Rahall, is from the Black Lung state of West Virginia.

2011 181

Hyperbaric Centrifuge Technology Successfully Dewaters Coal Fines

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A dewatering technology developed at Virginia Tech has succeeded in reducing the moisture content of ultrafine coal to less than 20%, transforming it to a salable product. Camicia Professor of Mining and Mineral Engineering in Virginia Tech’s College of Engineering, and his colleagues developed a hyperbaric centrifuge that can efficiently dewater coal as fine as talcum powder. During recent prototype tests at Arch Coal Company’s Cardinal plant in Logan County, W.Va.,

2009 60

DOE Regional Partner Initiates Coal Seam CO2 Injection and Methane Recovery Study in Virginia

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A US Department of Energy (DOE) team of regional partners has begun injecting carbon dioxide into coal seams in the Central Appalachian Basin to determine the feasibility of CO 2 storage in unmineable coal seams and the potential for enhanced coalbed methane recovery. The results of the study will be used to assess the potential of carbon storage in coal seams as a safe and permanent method to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions while enhancing production of natural gas.

DOE selects 16 research projects for more than $19M in funding to advance Solid Oxide Fuel Cell technology

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The 400 kilowatt SOFC prototype system represents an important advancement in SOFC technology development and demonstration toward the ultimate goal of deploying SOFCs in highly efficient coal-based central generation systems with carbon capture. West Virginia University. Coal Fuel Cells Natural Gas Power Generation

2015 82

Frankly, I’d Rather Be Getting Arrested with Bill McKibben Today

Creative Greenius

I just got the email below from author/activist/environmentalist, Bill McKibben of 350.org He’s in Washington DC with thousands, protesting the coal-fired Capitol Power plant–a dirty symbol of our dirty energy history. Subject : Stand with me to take down dirty coal.

3 More Reasons I’m Happy I Dumped the Democrats

Creative Greenius

They’re not only not fighting them, they’re wrapping their coal dusted arms around it. And what a surprise, one of them, Congressman Nick Rahall, is from the Black Lung state of West Virginia. carbon producers climate change environment environmental legislation Environmental Politics fossil fuels Killer Coal Charlie Sheen Congressman Collin Peterson Congressman Nick Rahall Democrats Nixon Reagan Rep Michele Bachmann Republicans

2011 100

DOE to Award $25M to Two Consortia for US-China Clean Energy Research with Combined Funding of $100M; Focus on EVs and Carbon Capture and Sequestration

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) will award two consortia—one led by the University of Michigan and one led by the West Virginia University—a total of $25 million over the next five years under the US-China Clean Energy Research Center (CERC). The University of Michigan’s award will advance technologies for clean vehicles, while West Virginia University will use its funding to focus on the next generation of coal technologies, including carbon capture and storage.

Researchers find Nissan LEAF creates less CO2 than Toyota Prius hybrid in west US and Texas, but more in N. Midwest

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For example, the state with the largest state subsidies ($7500) for BEVs is West Virginia, which is under the RFC region, where the Nissan LEAF and the Chevy Volt are likely higher emitting than the Toyota Prius.

2015 133

GE Durathon batteries successfully power underground mining scoop

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In trials, GE’s sodium metal halide Durathon batteries ( earlier post ) have successfully powered GE Mining’s Scoop, an underground vehicle that transports mining materials, at Coal River Energy, LLC in Alum Creek, West Virginia.

2013 93

DOE Awards Cooperative Agreement for $668M Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Project

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The system will employ Alstom Power’s chilled ammonia process (CAP) ( earlier post ) to capture at least 90% of the CO 2 from a 235 megawatt slipstream of the 1,300 MW Mountaineer power plant near New Haven, West Virginia. If, as expected, the CAP system reduces overall costs by the amounts now projected, then AEP will consider the application of CAP technology to both existing and new pulverized coal-based units in the AEP system.

Chilled Ammonia Pilot Project Captures 90% of CO2

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A pilot project by We Energies, Alstom and The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) testing an Alstom advanced chilled ammonia process ( earlier post ) has demonstrated more than 90% capture of carbon dioxide from the flue stream of a coal-fueled power plant in Wisconsin (the Pleasant Prairie Carbon Capture Pilot Plant ). Tags: Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Coal Illustration of the carbon capture plant. Click to enlarge.

2009 78

CMU study finds controlled EV charging can reduce generation cost, but at greater health and environmental costs depending upon the generation mix

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Results from the study also suggest that with sufficient coal plant retirement and sufficient wind power, controlled charging could result in positive net benefits instead of negative.

2015 102

OnStar and Google demonstrate concept service for managing charging Chevrolet Volts with renewable energy

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According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), US electricity generation in 2010 was 70% fossil fuels (coal 44.9%, natural gas 23.8%); 20% nuclear; and 10% renewable, of which 6.2% Concept of the service and mobile app for renewable charging. Click to enlarge.

Google 116

First-of-a-Kind Field Test for Enhanced Coalbed Methane Recovery with Simultaneous CO2 Sequestration

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Injection of CO 2 began in a first-of-a-kind US Department of Energy–sponsored field trial of enhanced coalbed methane recovery with simultaneous CO2 sequestration in an unmineable coal seam. West Virginia University, and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) are collaborating in the $13 million field trial, located in Marshall County, W.Va. MPa) and a rate of about 27 short tons per day over the next 2 years into the center wells in the Upper Freeport coal seam.

2009 64

DOE NETL selects 12 fossil-fuel power systems projects for funding

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Advanced Integrated Technologies for Treatment and Reutilization of Impaired Water in Fossil Fuel-Based Power Plant Systems Ohio University will partner with West Virginia University and American Electric Power to validate the technical/commercial viability of an advanced multistage process for treatment and reutilization of impaired water as make-up water in fossil fuel-based power plants.

2015 73

Exxon Mobil Acquiring XTO Energy in $41B Deal; Enhances US Position in Unconventional Natural Gas and Oil

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Its properties are concentrated in Texas, New Mexico, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, Louisiana and Montana. XTO’s resource base is the equivalent of 45 trillion cubic feet of gas and includes shale gas, tight gas, coal bed methane and shale oil. Exxon Mobil Corporation is acquiring XTO Energy Inc. in an all-stock transaction valued at $41 billion.

2009 68

Alabama Project Testing Potential for Combining CO2 Storage with Enhanced Methane Recovery

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The targeted coal seams are in the Pratt, Mary Lee, and Black Creek Coal groups within the upper Pottsville Formation and range from 940 to 1,800 feet in depth and from 1 to 6 feet in thickness. Coal in the Black Warrior Basin has the potential to sequester 1.1 gigatons of CO 2 —approximately the amount that Alabama’s coal-fired power plants emit in two decades. trillion cubic feet of natural gas from these coal seams.

DOE to award ~$13.5M to 16 R&D projects for solid-oxide fuel cell technologies

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SOFC technologies enable efficient, cost-effective electricity generation from abundant domestic coal and natural gas resources, with minimal use of water and near-zero atmospheric emissions of carbon dioxide and pollutants. West Virginia University researchers will develop a chromium-tolerant, highly active, stable coating layer and apply it to the internal surfaces of porous composite cathodes from commercially available SOFCs via atomic layer deposition.

2018 65

New Research Alliance to Promote Low-Impact Drilling Technologies

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West Virginia University. We will consider all aspects of energy resource recovery, not only traditional oil and natural gas production methods but also unconventional production, such as natural gas from shale or coal-bed methane. The Houston Advanced Research Center ( HARC ) and the Harold Vance Department of Petroleum Engineering at Texas A&M University are establishing a collaborative research program to promote advanced technology for low-impact oil and gas drilling.

2009 60

Battelle, Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership release Phase II reports

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The second largest contributor was the Ohio Coal Development Office and the remainder of funding came from private contributions from some of the other 35-plus members of the MRCSP. The focus of the overall MRCSP program is to develop a class of carbon sequestration technologies, which includes capture and storage of carbon dioxide in deep geologic structures such as saline formations, active and depleted oil and gas fields, organic rich shales, and unmineable coal seams.

2011 74

DOE selects 7 Solid Oxide Fuel Cell research projects for further development

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The ultimate goal is the generation of efficient, cost-competitive electricity from domestic coal with near-zero emissions of carbon dioxide and air pollutants. West Virginia University. Power plants based on SECA fuel cells and coal gasifiers will generate power with overall efficiencies greater than 50%, compared to approximately 25% for traditional coal-fired power plants, including CO 2 capture processes.

2012 81

EIA releases report on CO2 emissions by state; California led in 2010 with transportation-sector emissions

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For example, some states are located near abundant hydroelectric supplies, while others contain abundant coal resources. In 2010 the top 3 states included: Wyoming (1,886 mt CO 2 / million dollars of GDP), West Virginia (1,767 mt CO 2 / million dollars of GDP), and North Dakota (1,681 mt CO 2 / million dollars of GDP). Energy-related CO 2 emissions buy state, 2010. Source: EIA. Click to enlarge.

2013 81

Renewable Energy Generation: Change is not a destination, just as hope is not a strategy, a lesson exported from Detroit

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These companies have sunk costs invested in coal, gas and oil plants and are content in maximizing the return on these investments. cents/kWh in West Virginia—a 23.59 in West Virginia to $6.12 Perspective by The Townsend Company. RPS policies as of March 2011.

2011 100

Researchers describe the “where” and “when” of life cycle emissions from gasoline and ethanol in the US

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The area along the Kentucky/Virginia border extending into West Virginia experiences a reduction in PM 2.5 The Southwest and West regions generally do not receive large proportions of pollutant emissions for any of the three fuels (exception: SO x emissions for gasoline).

2012 106

Berkeley Lab team building new total cost of ownership model for fuel cells; intrinsic and external benefits

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For example, are the benefits of fuel cells the same in Washington state, which gets much of its power from hydroelectricity, as in West Virginia, which is dominated by coal? Funded by a $2-million grant from the US Department of Energy, a team of scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) led by Eric Masanet is building a sophisticated cost model for fuel cells that will will take into account the total cost of ownership.

2011 74

DOE Selects 19 Projects to Monitor and Evaluate Geologic CO2 Storage

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Coal supplies nearly 50% of domestic electricity. In order for low-cost electricity from coal-fired power plants to remain available, the DOE said, economical methods for capturing and storing the greenhouse gas emissions from these plants must be developed. West Virginia University Research Corporation , Morgantown, W.V.

2009 78