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VW diesel cheating produced 1,200 premature deaths: MIT study

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TDI VW health MIT air pollution Volkswagen diesel scandalIn September 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency revealed Volkswagen's use of illegal "defeat device" software in its diesel cars.

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Electric-car range anxiety exists, but it's overblown, says MIT study

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Study MIT plug-in cars range anxietyRange anxiety, the persistent worry about not having enough battery range to finish a journey, remains one of the major obstacles to widespread electric-car adoption. Many electric cars still have shorter ranges than comparable internal-combustion models, and that continues to spook some consumers. DON'T.

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MIT, Novogy team engineers microbes for competitive advantage in industrial fermentation; the ROBUST strategy

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Ethanol is toxic to most microorganisms other than the yeast used to produce it, naturally preventing contamination of the fermentation process.

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MIT, Lockheed Martin launch long-term research collaboration on autonomy and robotics

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In a new collaborative initiative in autonomy and robotics, MIT and Lockheed Martin scientists will focus on innovations needed to enable generation-after-next autonomous systems. We’re confident that our relationship and collaboration in these technical areas will influence the fields of autonomy and robotics for the next 15-20 years. Brie

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MIT team finds chemical functionalization can lead to efficient graphene-based thermoelectric materials

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3 at room temperature according to their calculations, as reported in a paper in the ACS journal Nano Letters. —Kim and Grossman (2015). (a)

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MIT team proposes ARC fusion reactor: affordable, robust, compact

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The proposed tokamak (donut-shaped) reactor is designed to have 500 MW fusion power at 3.3 The ARC reactor, as described in Sorbom et al. Resources.

MIT spin-off nuTonomy secures $3.6M to fund self-driving car technology; delivering more human-like experience

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The MIT-based team behind nuTonomy has robotic technology with funding from NASA and DARPA. That experience, led by SMART (Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology), enabled the team to prove the demand for autonomous vehicle technology in Singapore. nuTonomy Inc., —Karl Iagnemma, CEO and co-founder of nuTonomy. Brief

Ford, MIT project uses LiDAR, cameras to measure pedestrian traffic & predict demand for new, on-demand electric shuttles

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Ford Motor Company and MIT are collaborating on a new research project that measures how pedestrians move in urban areas to improve certain public transportation services, such as ride-hailing and point-to-point shuttles services. The MIT research is being conducted by the Aeronautics and Astronautics Department’s Aerospace Controls Lab.

MIT researchers pursuing increasing human-vehicle collaboration

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Researchers at MIT are developing systems that could allow humans, robots and other autonomous vehicles to collaborate on everything from navigation to trip planning, and eventually pave the way for the operation of personal aircraft and driverless cars. —Brian Williams. Resources. Brief

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MIT team proposes process to recycle lead-acid batteries to fabricate solar cells

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The process simultaneously avoids the disposal of toxic battery materials and provide alternative, readily-available lead sources for PSCs. Resources.

MIT team improves liquid metal batteries for grid-scale storage; lower operating temperature, cost

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Researchers at MIT have improved a proposed liquid battery system that could enable renewable energy sources to compete with conventional power plants. Earlier post.). To provide evidence of their high power capability, the cells were discharged and charged at current densities as high as 1,000 milliamperes per square centimeter. Resources.

Daimler joining MIT CSAIL Alliance Program for AI work; cognitive vehicles

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Daimler is becoming a new member of the MIT CSAIL Alliance Program. MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory ( CSAIL ) is the largest research laboratory at MIT and one of the world’s most important centers of information technology research. The new cooperation with the MIT ideally complements this.

MIT team calculates lead emissions from avgas fuel in US contribute to ~$1B in annual damages due to IQ losses

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Researchers at MIT have produced the first assessment of the annual costs of IQ losses from aircraft lead emissions in the US. Click to enlarge.

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MIT team synthesizes all carbon nanofiber electrodes for high-energy rechargeable Li-air batteries

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A team at MIT, led by Carl V. Source: Mitchell et al. Click to enlarge. —Mitchell et al. ” Resources. Robert R. Mitchell, Betar M.

MIT analysis finds current EVs could replace ~90% of personal vehicles now on the road based on driver’s energy consumption

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A study by a team at MIT has concluded that roughly 90% of the personal vehicles on the road in the US could be replaced by an electric vehicle available on the market today, even if the cars can only charge overnight. Reed Faculty Initiatives Fund, and the MIT Energy Initiative. —Jessika Trancik. Jeremy J. Resources. Zachary A.

MIT study finds carbon prices more cost-effective than fuel economy regs at reducing CO2 emissions; fuel economy regs more efficient at reducing fuel use

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Researchers at the MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change have compared the worldwide economic, environmental, and energy impacts of currently planned fuel economy standards (extended to the year 2050) with those of region-specific carbon prices designed to yield identical CO 2 emissions reductions. Resources.

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CMU/MIT study finds large-scale battery manufacturing will do little to reduce unit costs past a 200-300 MWh annual production level

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Past this point, higher volume alone won’t do much to cut cost. LiMn 2 O 4 , LiFePO 4 , LiNi 0.33 Mn 0.33 Co 0.33 , etc.), electrode designs (e.g.:

MIT and Harvard team develop material that stores sun’s heat

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Researchers from MIT and Harvard University have developed a material that can absorb the sun’s heat and store that energy in chemical form, ready to be released again on demand. The work was supported by BP though the MIT Energy Initiative and the US. A paper describing the new process is published in the journal Nature Chemistry.

2014 16

MIT team reveals inner workings of LiFePO4 cathodes in Li-on batteries; direct observation of predicted SSZ

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Nanostructured LiFePO 4 (LFP) electrodes have attracted great interest in the Li-ion battery field. —Niu et al. —Prof. nm/min. Resources.

MIT study finds fuel economy standards are 6-14 times less cost effective than fuel tax for reducing gasoline use

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In a study published in the journal Energy Economics , MIT researchers have found that a fuel economy standard is at least six to fourteen times less cost effective than a fuel tax when targeting an identical reduction in cumulative gasoline use (20% by 2050). —Karplus et al. Resources. Paltsev, M. Babiker, J.M. eneco.2012.09.001.

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MIT modeling study finds 52% of projected global population in 2050 will live in water-stressed areas

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A modeling study by researchers at MIT projects that 5 billion (52%) of the world’s projected 9.7 The study applies the MIT Integrated Global System Model Water Resource System (IGSM-WRS), a modeling tool with the ability to assess both changing climate and socioeconomics, allowing the researchers to isolate these two influencers.

MIT researchers propose subsea version of pumped hydro for renewable energy storage

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Researchers at MIT are proposing using a variation on pumped hydroelectric systems for storage of electricity produced by offshore wind farms. MIT has filed for a patent on the system. The work was supported by a grant from the MIT Energy Initiative. Earlier post.). Resources. Slocum, A.H.; Fennell, G.E.; Dundar, G.; Sager, M.A.,

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MIT develops safe co-pilot for drivers

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Well now you can picture something similar in regular passenger cars, thanks to a development from researchers at MIT. Green cars Latest news car safety green cars mit safetyRemember when you were taking your driving lessons and the instructor had dual controls just in case something went wrong?

MIT and IEA reports take different views of the future of natural gas in transportation

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MIT: leaning toward conversion for light-duty vehicles. Source: MIT. The Future of Natural Gas (MIT). Earlier post.) Emissions.

MIT study finds lithium sulfide solid electrolyte more brittle than ideal for batteries

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Researchers at MIT have probed the mechanical properties of Li2 S –P 2 S 5 —thought to be a promising amorphous lithium-ion-conducting solid electrolyte—to determine its mechanical performance when incorporated into batteries. The research team also included MIT researchers Sean Bishop, Erica Eggleton, Lukas Porz, and Xinwei Chen.

MIT study concludes V2G-enabled electric commercial trucks could offer lower total operating cost than conventional diesel fleet

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A new study by researchers at MIT’s Center for Transportation and Logistics (CTL), concludes that electric commercial vehicles can cost 9 to 12% less to operate than trucks powered by diesel engines when used to make deliveries on an everyday basis in big cities and when V2G (vehicle-to-grid) revenue is incorporated. kilowatt-hours per mile.

MIT report finds China’s actions on climate change crucial; argues for global economy-wide greenhouse gas tax

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A new report from the MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change shows the importance of all major nations taking part in global efforts to reduce emissions—and in particular, finds China’s role to be crucial. Without China, we miss that mark by about 1 °C. C to 1.3 °C C change by the end of the century. Resources.

MIT study finds shift to green energy sources could mean crunch in supply of key rare earth elements

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Comparison of demand projections for REE (total summed). Credit: ACS, Alonso et al. Click to enlarge. —Alonso et al. Kirchain, Ph.D., Resources.

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Sadoway and MIT team demonstrate calcium-metal-based liquid metal battery

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The technology is being commercialized by a Cambridge-based startup company, Ambri. Earlier post.). This process is reversed upon charging. and 1.08 Ah,

MIT wants public to know biofuels emission range

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Researchers from the MIT want the general public to be given information on the range of emissions that could result from a given bio or synthetic fuel, due to the high variability within pathways. Biofuels Green cars Latest news biofuel emissions biofuel range mitAs [.].

MIT research team finds most efficient oxygen evolution reaction catalyst yet; potential for hydrogen production and rechargeable metal-air batteries

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A team of MIT researchers lead by Prof. Other groups, including one led by MIT’s Daniel Nocera, have focused on similar catalysts that can operate at low cost in ordinary water. Yang Shao-Horn, in collaboration with Prof. The new compound, composed of cobalt, iron and oxygen with other metals (Ba 0.5 Sr 0.5 Co 0.8 Fe 0.2 Mx + O 2 ).

MIT team calls initial performance results of magnesium-antimony liquid metal battery “promising”

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Sectioned Mg||Sb liquid metal battery operated at 700 °C showing the three stratified liquid phases upon cooling to room temperature. Click to enlarge.

MIT study finds air quality co-benefits of US carbon policies can significantly offset costs, depending upon the policy

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The human health benefits associated with improvements in air quality related to the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions improvements can offset 26–1,050% of the cost of US carbon policies, depending upon the type of policy, according to a new study by a team from MIT. precursors through 2030. —Noelle Selin, co-author. Resources.

Researchers make breakthrough for fuel cells and batteries

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Researchers at Pennsylvania State University and MIT believe they have developed a new solid-state polymer electrolyte for use in electrochemical devices including fuel cells and batteries. The major potential advantage of such a system is that it would produce electrolytes that can firmly bond to the fuel cell electrodes on either side.

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MIT team discovers new family of materials with best performance yet for oxygen evolution reaction; implications for fuel cells and Li-air batteries

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The new finding could be a significant step in that direction, the MIT researchers say. Source: MIT. Grimaud et al. Click to enlarge.

MIT team provides new insight into the performance of lithium iron phosphate cathodes; potentially important for new cathode materials

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At higher current levels, this separation never occurs, the MIT team found. —Cogswell and Bazant. —Cogswell and Bazant. Resources.

LLNL/MIT team creates ultralight, ultrastiff metamaterials; possible applications for automotive and aerospace

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The LLNL-MIT team’s new materials are 100 times stiffer than other ultra-lightweight lattice materials previously reported in academic journals.

MIT researchers engineer stable copper-gold nanoparticle catalysts for lower energy consumption CO2 reduction

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Researchers at MIT engineered nanoparticles of copper (Cu) mixed with gold (Au), which is resistant to corrosion and oxidation, and measured the oxidation rate of the AuCu NPs as a function of composition. Kendall Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at MIT, postdoc Zichuan Xu and Erica Lai ‘14. —Xu et al. Resources.

MIT researchers developing algorithms to predict more accurately which cars are likeliest to run red lights

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Researchers at MIT are devising algorithms for more accurately estimating driver behavior at road intersections—i.e., The MIT team designed the algorithms to maximize true positive rates while keeping false alarm rates below a 5% threshold. In 2008, road accidents in the US caused 37,261 fatalities and about 2.35 Earlier post.).

MIT study says combustion emissions cause ~200,000 premature deaths/year in US; vehicles and power generation top sources

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Source: MIT. Researchers from MIT’s Laboratory for Aviation and the Environment have concluded that ground-level PM 2.5 Steven Barrett, an assistant professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT, and colleagues have published their results in the journal Atmospheric Environment. Click to enlarge. 5,000 (90% CI: ?900