ORNL advancing LDH sorbent to recover lithium from geothermal brine wastes

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These plants pump hot water from geothermal deposits and use it to generate electricity. The LDH sorbent is made up of layers of the materials, separated by water molecules and hydroxide ions that create space, allowing lithium chloride to enter more readily than other ions such as sodium and potassium. The technique is very sensitive to hydrogen atoms, making it ideal for studying water.

2020 257

Caltech engineers devise new thermochemical cycle for water splitting for H2; recyclable, non-toxic, non-corrosive and at lower temperatures

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The thermochemical production of hydrogen and oxygen from water via a series of chemical reactions is of interest because it directly converts thermal energy into stored chemical energy (hydrogen and oxygen), and thus can take advantage of excess heat given off by other processes. Research on thermochemical water splitting cycles largely began in the 1960s and 1970s and involved nuclear reactors and solar collectors as the energy sources, the team notes in their paper.

2012 188

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Electrolyzed Water for More Efficient Fuel Production from Ethanol Waste Products

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Using electrolyzed water rather than harsh chemicals could be a more effective and environmentally friendly method in the pretreatment of ethanol waste products to produce an acetone-butanol-ethanol fuel mix, according to research conducted at the University of Illinois. When ethanol is produced, distiller’s dried grain with solubles (DDGS) is a waste product. This is an example of less inhibitor production with electrolyzed water compared with the traditional method.

2009 150

Novozymes launches commercial enzyme technology to convert waste oils into biodiesel

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waste oils with high FFAs have not been a viable feedstock option. equivalent MeOH, 35°C/95°F, 2% water and 20 to 24 hours reaction time. The enzymatic process eliminates the need for sodium methoxide, one of the most hazardous chemicals in traditional biodiesel plants. The enzymatic process uses less energy, and the cost of waste oil as a feedstock is significantly lower than refined oils.

2014 198

Clean water company Ostara raises $14.5M for major expansion

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a clean water company that recovers phosphorus and nitrogen from industrial and municipal wastewaters to create premium fertilizers, completed a US$14.5-million private equity financing. Led by VantagePoint Capital Partners, a global investor in energy innovation and efficiency, the financing also included existing Ostara investor, London-based Frog Capital and a group of new investors including Waste Resources Fund L.P., Ostara Nutrient Recovery Technologies Inc.,

2012 198

Nouryon, Tata Steel, Port of Amsterdam to study feasibility of largest green H2 cluster in Europe; 100 MW water electrolysis facility

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As a first step, the parties will study the feasibility of a 100 megawatt water electrolysis facility to produce up to 15,000 tons of hydrogen per year as well as oxygen at Tata Steel’s IJmuiden site, near Amsterdam. Green hydrogen is a realistic alternative for fossil-based raw materials and enables new forms of green chemistry, such as using steel mill gas, CO 2 , or waste to make plastics and move to new, circular value chains.

2018 162

American Process Waste-to-Cellulosic Ethanol Project Launches in Michigan

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American Process Incorporated (API) recently launched a waste-to-cellulosic ethanol biorefinery project in Alpena, Michigan. The biorefinery will convert the process waste effluent from the plant into cellulosic ethanol, sodium acetate and clean, warm water. Michigan Technical University will contribute research to improve fermentation processes and also on the use of sodium acetate for novel de-icing applications.

2010 198

Brown Chemists Develop Process to Simplify Waste Vegetable Oil to Biodiesel Process, Chart Progress of Transesterification Reaction

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Two chemists at Brown University have streamlined the conversion of waste vegetable oil (WVO) into biodiesel, eliminating the need for corrosive chemicals to perform the reactions. In a paper published in the RSC journal Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry , the chemists describe the waste vegetable oil-to-biodiesel conversion in a single reaction vessel using environmentally friendly catalysts and making the conversion six times faster than current methods.

2010 188

Fraunhofer team develops process to recycle carbon black from car tires

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Waste tires have been used mainly for recovering energy sources; only small proportions of the carbon black contained in these tires are recycled, since mineral ash accounts for around 20% of its content.

Carbon 338

UH team reports new catalyst efficiently produces hydrogen from seawater; promising for large-scale hydrogen production, desalination

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Researchers say the device, composed of inexpensive non-noble metal nitrides, manages to avoid many of the obstacles that have limited earlier attempts to inexpensively produce hydrogen or safe drinking water from seawater. Anderson Chair Professor of physics at UH, said it also would work with wastewater, providing another source of hydrogen from water that is otherwise unusable without costly treatment.

2019 213

CalSEED awards $4.2M to early-stage clean energy innovations

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Hago Energetics, Inc aims to help farms become more profitable by converting farm waste to high-value products, such as hydrogen and valuable carbons. They break down organic matter, such as food scraps and animal waste, in conditions with no oxygen to produce a biogas that is later decomposed to hydrogen and carbon; this hydrogen is expected to sell at a lower cost and lower carbon footprint than the current methods.

2020 292

Jervois to acquire SMP nickel & cobalt refinery in Brazil; concentrate from Idaho for refining, cobalt metal back to US

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The scenarios are designed based on filtration and management of waste limitations based on SMP Refinery’s existing production capacity and flowsheet of 25,000mtpa and 2,000mtpa of refined nickel and cobalt cathode respectively.

2020 235

IEA/OECD Report Concludes Nuclear Power Could Provide 24% of Global Electricity by 2050

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Westinghouse AP-1000, advanced pressured water reactor (APWR, about 1,200MW capacity. GE Hitachi ABWR (advanced boiling water reactor), 1,300-1,600MW. India PHWR (pressurized heavy water reactor),540-700MW. Progress in implementing plans for the disposal of high-level radioactive waste will also be essential. Sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR). Super-Critical Water-cooled Reactor (SCWR).

2010 188

NC State Researchers Developing Ozonolysis Pretreatment for Energy Grass Feedstocks

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Researchers at North Carolina State University are developing an ozone-based pre-treatment technique (ozonolysis) to release sugars from the energy grass miscanthus for production into renewable fuels or chemicals with minimal generation of chemical waste streams and degradation of the carbohydrate components. Exposing the miscanthus to gaseous ozone, with very little moisture, the NC State researchers are able to produce a carbohydrate-rich solid with no solid or liquid waste.

2010 162

ARPA-E awards $55M to 18 projects in two new programs: TERRA for transportation energy and GENSETS for distributed generation

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The program will encourage systems that couple large-scale physical and genetic characterization with advanced algorithms in order to accelerate the year-over-year yield gains of traditional plant breeding and the discovery of crop traits that improve water productivity, nutrient use and our ability to mitigate greenhouse gases. Compared to conventional electricity generation and transmission, CHP captures the otherwise wasted heat and makes it available for useful application.

2015 195

Cadillac launches new V-6 family; 3.0L Twin Turbo w/ cylinder deactivation and stop/start for CT6

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Unlike conventional systems, which force coolant flow from the front of the block to the back, the new patented targeted cooling system sends coolant simultaneously to each water jacket in the heads and block. The smaller bores also allow larger water jackets between the cylinders, which helps maintain optimal combustion temperatures across the rpm band and during sustained high-load, max-boost performance. The new 3.0L

2015 207

Jeep introduces 2018 Wrangler with mild hybrid, diesel options; plug-in hybrid version in 2020

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The 2.0-liter I-4 engine features a twin-scroll, low-inertia turbocharger with an electronically actuated waste gate for exceptional responsiveness and performance, even while traversing over difficult terrain. A water-cooled, integrated exhaust manifold helps reduce turbo inlet temperatures while providing increased engine reliability. Sodium-filled exhaust valves and plasma-coated piston rings also help extend the engine’s life and bolster durability.

2017 190

ARPA-E Awards $151M to 37 Projects for Transformative Energy Research

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Waste Heat Capture (2 projects). Water (1 project). Eagle Picher, in partnership with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, will develop a new generation of high energy, low cost planar liquid sodium beta batteries for grid scale electrical power storage applications. Affordable Energy from Water and Sunlight. Towards Scale Solar Conversion of CO 2 and Water Vapor to Hydrocarbon Fuels. WASTE HEAT CAPTURE. WATER.

2009 202

US DOE Issues Request for Information on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Market Development; Reports to Congress on Program

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Hydrogen produced by water electrolysis has the potential to be a useful means of storing excess electricity generated using wind, solar, and other intermittent renewable energy. Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), waste streams from food and beverage processing plants, crop farms and animal feed facilities, and municipal landfills are all biogas sources. Analysis of excess and/or waste hydrogen sources.

2009 150

Japanese carmakers still ‘most sustainable’

Green Cars News

The survey examined a set of nine environmental, economic, and social resources: capital use, water use, and waste generated as well as emissions of carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, sulphur oxides, and volatile organic compounds; further, the number of employees and the number of work accidents are taken into account. Its sodium oxide value contributions show the worst level of resource efficiency in the entire study.

2009 34