Li-ion battery waste used in biodiesel production from discarded vegetable oil

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Brazilian researchers have demonstrated a new chemical approach for producing biodiesel from domestic cooking oil waste by using lithium hydroxide mixed with either sodium hydroxides or potassium hydroxides as catalysts. Their work, published in the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy , could enable future studies related to the use of lithium from waste lithium-ion batteries. Before, in practice, these were just restricted to sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide.

2020 170

U Alberta team develops hybrid sodium-ion capacitor; intermediate in energy & power between ultracaps and batteries

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A team led by researchers from the University of Alberta (Canada) Scientists has developed a hybrid sodium-ion capacitor (NIC) using active materials in both the anode and the cathode derived entirely from peanut shells—a green and highly economical waste globally generated at more than 6 million tons per year.

2014 231

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ORNL advancing LDH sorbent to recover lithium from geothermal brine wastes

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The LDH sorbent is made up of layers of the materials, separated by water molecules and hydroxide ions that create space, allowing lithium chloride to enter more readily than other ions such as sodium and potassium. Domestic production of lithium, the lightest of elemental metals, is considered a priority for the US. It is essential for the manufacturing of lithium-ion batteries commonly used for everything from electric vehicles to cell phones and laptops.

2020 255

ORNL-led team uses carbon material derived from tire waste to convert used cooking oil to biofuel

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The study, done with collaborators Wake Forest University and Georgia Institute of Technology and detailed in Chemistry Select , provides a pathway for inexpensive, environmentally benign and high value-added waste tire-derived products—a step toward large-scale biofuel production, according to ORNL co-author Parans Paranthaman. In previous ORNL studies, carbon powders have proven useful in developing lithium-ion, sodium-ion and potassium-ion batteries and supercapacitors.

2017 150

Researchers devise method to suppress thermal conductivity to improve thermoelectric materials for waste heat recovery

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A new study published in the journal Nature Materials has found a way to suppress the thermal conductivity in sodium cobaltate so that it can be used to harvest waste energy, with potential applications such as automotive waste heat recovery. We have directly observed an Einstein-like rattling mode at low energy, involving large anharmonic displacements of the sodium ions inside multi-vacancy clusters.

2013 170

Novozymes launches commercial enzyme technology to convert waste oils into biodiesel

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waste oils with high FFAs have not been a viable feedstock option. The enzymatic process eliminates the need for sodium methoxide, one of the most hazardous chemicals in traditional biodiesel plants. The idea of enzymatic biodiesel is not new, but the costs involved have been too high for commercial viability, Eversa changes this and enables biodiesel producers to finally work with waste oils and enjoy feedstock flexibility to avoid the pinch of volatile pricing.

2014 196

Researchers use CaO catalyst to produce biodiesel/monoglyceride blend; avoiding waste glycerol

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The resulting blend exhibits properties similar to conventional biodiesel, while reducing waste and improving conversion. Biodiesel is produced from vegetable oils or animal fats via a transesterification reaction with a short chain alcohol and a basic catalyst such as sodium or potassium methoxide. The generation of glycerol not only represents a notable performance loss in the process, it is also creating an enormous waste problem.

2014 203

Brown Chemists Develop Process to Simplify Waste Vegetable Oil to Biodiesel Process, Chart Progress of Transesterification Reaction

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Two chemists at Brown University have streamlined the conversion of waste vegetable oil (WVO) into biodiesel, eliminating the need for corrosive chemicals to perform the reactions. In a paper published in the RSC journal Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry , the chemists describe the waste vegetable oil-to-biodiesel conversion in a single reaction vessel using environmentally friendly catalysts and making the conversion six times faster than current methods.

2010 185

Heterogeneous Catalyst Reactor Technology Produces High-Quality Biodiesel with No Aqueous Waste Stream; Lower Capital and Operating Costs

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is commercializing a reactor technology based on heterogeneous catalysis for the production of high-quality biodiesel plus a cosmetics/food grade glycerol, with practically no waste streams. The Yellow Diesel process eliminates all the aqueous waste streams that stem from using the conventional homogeneous acid/base catalyst technology. This process can be adjusted to various types of feedstock, including low-quality oils, waste oils and fats.

2009 191

Vanderbilt/ORNL team discovers new form of crystalline order that could be attractive for thermoelectric applications

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If you put a pair of sodium and chlorine atoms at each lattice point, they form sodium and chlorine sub-lattices and you get salt. Materials Thermoelectrics Waste Heat Recovery A team of researchers from Vanderbilt University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has discovered an entirely new form of crystalline order that simultaneously exhibits both crystal and polycrystalline properties, which they describe as “interlaced crystals.”.

2014 200

Electrolyzed Water for More Efficient Fuel Production from Ethanol Waste Products

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Using electrolyzed water rather than harsh chemicals could be a more effective and environmentally friendly method in the pretreatment of ethanol waste products to produce an acetone-butanol-ethanol fuel mix, according to research conducted at the University of Illinois. When ethanol is produced, distiller’s dried grain with solubles (DDGS) is a waste product.

2009 150

Caltech engineers devise new thermochemical cycle for water splitting for H2; recyclable, non-toxic, non-corrosive and at lower temperatures

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The new thermochemical cycle devised by the team has four main steps: Thermal treatment of a physical mixture of Na 2 CO 3 (sodium carbonate) and Mn 3 O 4 (manganese (II, III) oxide) to produce MnO (manganese (II) oxide), CO, and ?-NaMnO NaMnO 2 (sodium manganate) at 850 °C; oxidation of MnO in the presence of Na 2 CO 3 by water to produce H 2 , CO 2 , and ?-NaMnO recovery of Mn 3 O 4 by thermally reducing the sodium ion extracted solid produced in step 3 at 850 °C.

2012 185

Mangrove raises $3M from BDC Capital to accelerate deployment of battery-grade lithium processing systems

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The platform technology is also being commercialized for conversion of waste brines to chemicals and desalinated water. Canada-based Mangrove Lithium closed a $3-million financing from BDC Capital’s Cleantech Practice.

Sodium 209

Advances in the conversion efficiency of thermoelectric materials

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for the materials and possibly good enough for consideration for waste heat recovery in automotive exhaust systems. The high thermoelectric figure of merit is expected to enable the conversion of 14% of heat waste to electricity. Thermoelectrics Waste Heat RecoveryTwo separate research collaborations have recently reported advances in the efficiency of thermoelectric materials in converting heat to electricity.

2011 200

Fraunhofer team develops process to recycle carbon black from car tires

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Waste tires have been used mainly for recovering energy sources; only small proportions of the carbon black contained in these tires are recycled, since mineral ash accounts for around 20% of its content.

Carbon 335

Rio Tinto declares maiden ore reserve at Jadar; major potential source of battery-grade lithium carbonate

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The project under study consists of an underground mine, sustainable industrial processing and waste facilities as well as associated infrastructure. Jadar, one of the largest greenfield lithium projects in development, would be capable of producing approximately 55 thousand tonnes of battery grade lithium carbonate, as well as 160 thousand tonnes of boric acid (B 2 O 3 units) and 255 thousand tonnes of sodium sulfate as by-products per annum.

2020 161

UH team reports new catalyst efficiently produces hydrogen from seawater; promising for large-scale hydrogen production, desalination

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Zhifeng Ren, director of the Texas Center for Superconductivity at UH and a corresponding author for the paper, said a major obstacle has been the lack of a catalyst that can effectively split seawater to produce hydrogen without also setting free ions of sodium, chlorine, calcium and other components of seawater, which once freed can settle on the catalyst and render it inactive.

2019 211

Sumitomo considering marketing new lower-temperature molten-salt electrolyte battery to automakers for EVs and hybrids

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the ZEBRA battery, or GE’s Durathon sodium-metal halide batteries, earlier post ) has been the need for high operating temperatures to keep the salt molten. For this reason, Sumitomo says, there is no need for waste-heat storage or fire- and explosion-proof equipment, so the batteries can be packed close together. Construction of the molten-salt electrolyte battery. Source: Sumitomo. Click to enlarge. Sumitomo Electric Industries Ltd.

Nouryon, Tata Steel, Port of Amsterdam to study feasibility of largest green H2 cluster in Europe; 100 MW water electrolysis facility

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Green hydrogen is a realistic alternative for fossil-based raw materials and enables new forms of green chemistry, such as using steel mill gas, CO 2 , or waste to make plastics and move to new, circular value chains. Nouryon already has 1000 MW of electrolysis capacity installed in various facilities, using three processes: chlor-alkali, sodium chlorate, and water electrolysis.

2018 161

Faraday Institution commits a further $31M to battery research to deliver commercial impact

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To meet government’s aim of moving towards a more circular economy, keeping resources in use as long as possible, minimising waste and promoting resource efficiency, the infrastructure for managing lithium-ion batteries when they are removed from electric vehicles (EVs) must be developed.

CalSEED awards $4.2M to early-stage clean energy innovations

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Hago Energetics, Inc aims to help farms become more profitable by converting farm waste to high-value products, such as hydrogen and valuable carbons. They break down organic matter, such as food scraps and animal waste, in conditions with no oxygen to produce a biogas that is later decomposed to hydrogen and carbon; this hydrogen is expected to sell at a lower cost and lower carbon footprint than the current methods.

2020 290

Jervois to acquire SMP nickel & cobalt refinery in Brazil; concentrate from Idaho for refining, cobalt metal back to US

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The scenarios are designed based on filtration and management of waste limitations based on SMP Refinery’s existing production capacity and flowsheet of 25,000mtpa and 2,000mtpa of refined nickel and cobalt cathode respectively.

2020 232

Ningbo researchers propose mixed-ion Li/Na batteries

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Lithium-intercalation compounds and sodium-intercalation compounds are used for anode and cathode, respectively. Sodium-ion based rechargeable batteries (SIBs, e.g., earlier post ) are of interest due to sodium’s abundance, far lower prices, and a greener synthesis while maintaining a similarity in ion-insertion chemistry. Unlike wet chemical methods, it does not require any chemicals and generates zero waste for disposal. Schematics of Li + /Na + mixed-ion battery.

2013 161

Clean water company Ostara raises $14.5M for major expansion

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Led by VantagePoint Capital Partners, a global investor in energy innovation and efficiency, the financing also included existing Ostara investor, London-based Frog Capital and a group of new investors including Waste Resources Fund L.P., Nutrient-rich feed streams are mixed with magnesium chloride and, if necessary, sodium hydroxide and then fed into the Pearl reactor where minute particles or struvite “seeds” begin to form. Ostara Nutrient Recovery Technologies Inc.,

2012 196

New power-dense 2.0L GDI turbo with twin-scroll turbocharger and new combustion system offered in 2013 Chevrolet Malibu

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Rotocast aluminum cylinder head with sodium-filled exhaust valves. Rotocast aluminum cylinder head with sodium-filled exhaust valves. The exhaust valves have sodium-filled stems that promote valve cooling. At normal engine operating temperatures, the sodium inside the valve stem becomes liquid. The liquid sodium promotes heat transfer away from the valve face and helps maintain a lower, more uniform valve temperature. New Ecotec 2.0L turbo. Click to enlarge.

2012 204

Lund researchers develop optimized two-phase enzymatic process for production of biodiesel

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The current predominant method for the transesterification of triglycerides (plant and animal oils and fats) to biodiesel (a mixture of esters) uses chemical catalysts (sodium or potassium hydroxides or alkoxides). The next step would be to adapt the methodology to readily available cheap waste oils. Researchers at Lund University (Sweden) have developed an optimized two-phase enzymatic (lipase) system for the conversion of plant oils to biodiesel.

2015 185

Study shows biodiesel blends in buses reduce PM, other harmful exhaust elements, EC and CO

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In the study, the team investigated the combustion of biodiesel from various types of feedstocks—soybean methyl ester (SME); tallow oil (TO); and waste cooking oil (WCO)—in a variety of volume percent blends (B00, B20, B50, and B100) using a bench-top combustion chamber in a laboratory setting. Calcium (Ca), sodium (Na), and iron (Fe) were the major elements found in the PM emissions in both the field experiments (77 to 85 wt %) and the lab experiments (up to 90 wt%).

2014 255

LanzaTech Pulls in $18M in Series B Funding; Qiming Ventures Leads

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New Zealand-based waste gas and syngas to fuels company LanzaTech ( earlier post ) has attracted US$18 million in Series B financing from investors led by China-focused venture capital firm Qiming Ventures. LanzaTech uses proprietary bacteria to convert industrial waste gases into fuels and chemicals. Using industrial waste gases curbs GHG emissions and so maintains manufacturing sustainability in China.

2010 161

Polymer microcapsules with liquid carbonate cores and silicone shells offer a new approach to carbon capture

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The new technique employs an abundant and environmentally benign sorbent: sodium carbonate (the main ingredient in baking soda). These permeable silicone beads could be a “sliced-bread” breakthrough for CO 2 capture—efficient, easy-to-handle, minimal waste, and cheap to make. A multi-institution team of researchers has developed a novel class of materials that enable a safer, cheaper, and more energy-efficient process for removing greenhouse gas from power plant emissions.

2015 185

NYSERDA Commits $8M to Develop and Commercialize 19 New York Battery and Energy-Storage Technology Projects

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GE is developing improvements to its sodium metal halide batteries for use in a new generation of cleaner locomotives and stationary applications to smooth intermittent renewable power generation as it interconnects with the grid and critical load back-up power and other applications. Methods to recycle and reuse lithium-ion batteries minimizing waste streams to landfills and maximizing reclamation.

2010 191

NC State Researchers Developing Ozonolysis Pretreatment for Energy Grass Feedstocks

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Researchers at North Carolina State University are developing an ozone-based pre-treatment technique (ozonolysis) to release sugars from the energy grass miscanthus for production into renewable fuels or chemicals with minimal generation of chemical waste streams and degradation of the carbohydrate components. Exposing the miscanthus to gaseous ozone, with very little moisture, the NC State researchers are able to produce a carbohydrate-rich solid with no solid or liquid waste.

2010 161

Jeep introduces 2018 Wrangler with mild hybrid, diesel options; plug-in hybrid version in 2020

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The 2.0-liter I-4 engine features a twin-scroll, low-inertia turbocharger with an electronically actuated waste gate for exceptional responsiveness and performance, even while traversing over difficult terrain. Sodium-filled exhaust valves and plasma-coated piston rings also help extend the engine’s life and bolster durability. At the Los Angeles Auto Show, Jeep unveiled the 2018 Wrangler, with new mild hybrid (eTorque) and diesel options to be available.

2017 190

IEA/OECD Report Concludes Nuclear Power Could Provide 24% of Global Electricity by 2050

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Progress in implementing plans for the disposal of high-level radioactive waste will also be essential. Sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR). Almost one-quarter of global electricity could be generated from nuclear power by 2050, making a major contribution to cutting greenhouse gas emissions, according to the Nuclear Energy Technology Roadmap, published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA).

2010 185

ARPA-E awards $55M to 18 projects in two new programs: TERRA for transportation energy and GENSETS for distributed generation

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Compared to conventional electricity generation and transmission, CHP captures the otherwise wasted heat and makes it available for useful application. GENSETS project teams will develop advanced generators to produce electricity from piped-in natural gas while using the ‘waste’ heat to reduce the energy used by furnaces and water heaters. The C-TEC uses an array of electrochemical cells to produce electricity in a sodium ion expansion cycle driven by external combustion.

2015 192

Cadillac launches new V-6 family; 3.0L Twin Turbo w/ cylinder deactivation and stop/start for CT6

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1 on the naturally aspirated 3.6L; Extreme duty 44MnSiV6 steel crankshaft forging; The pistons incorporate a specific steel insert in the top ring land to support the turbocharged engine’s higher cylinder pressures; Large, 36mm intake valves and 29mm sodium-filled exhaust valves enable the engine to process tremendous airflow; The valves are held at 19 degrees on the intake side and 16 degrees on the exhaust side vs. the 3.6L’s The new 3.0L

2015 205

US DOE Issues Request for Information on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Market Development; Reports to Congress on Program

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Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), waste streams from food and beverage processing plants, crop farms and animal feed facilities, and municipal landfills are all biogas sources. Analysis of excess and/or waste hydrogen sources. DOE seeks to study the viability of using excess and/or waste hydrogen as a cost-effective and environmentally-clean means for producing the fuel needed as increasing numbers of hydrogen vehicles enter the market.

2009 150

ARPA-E Awards $151M to 37 Projects for Transformative Energy Research

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Waste Heat Capture (2 projects). Eagle Picher, in partnership with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, will develop a new generation of high energy, low cost planar liquid sodium beta batteries for grid scale electrical power storage applications. General Motors will develop a shape memory alloy (SMA) energy recovery device that will convert waste heat from car engines to electricity. WASTE HEAT CAPTURE.

2009 200

Japanese carmakers still ‘most sustainable’

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The survey examined a set of nine environmental, economic, and social resources: capital use, water use, and waste generated as well as emissions of carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, sulphur oxides, and volatile organic compounds; further, the number of employees and the number of work accidents are taken into account. But GM‘s value contributions from carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide and sodium oxide emissions as well as waste generation are very negative during the period 1999 to 2007.

2009 34

New, Really New EV Battery News. It’s New. Really!


Sodium batteries. Batteries Cars Clean Transport Electric Cars Electric Vehicles Energy Storage anodes from food waste CATL lithium-sulfur battery sodium-ion battery ToyotaSulfur batteries. The quest for cheaper, more powerful batteries is accelerating.