New organic cathode for high performance solid-state sodium-ion battery

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Solid-state sodium-ion batteries are safer than conventional lithium-ion batteries, which pose a risk of fire and explosions, but their performance has been too weak to offset the safety advantages. Normally, a solid-state battery’s ability to store energy is halted when the resistive cathode?electrolyte

2019 233

Empa, UNIGE team develop prototype solid-state sodium battery; focus on improving the solid-solid interface

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Researchers at Empa and the University of Geneva (UNIGE) have developed a prototype of a novel solid-state sodium battery with the potential to store extra energy and with improved safety. With a NaCrO 2 cathode, closo-borate solid electrolyte and metallic sodium anode, the cell demonstrated reversible and stable cycling with a capacity of 85 mAh g -1 at C/20 and 80 mAh g -1 at C/5 with more than 90% capacity retention after 20 cycles at C/20 and 85% after 250 cycles at C/5.

2017 174

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Stanford team develops sodium-ion battery with performance equivalent to Li-ion, but at much lower cost

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Stanford researchers have developed a sodium-ion battery (SIB) that can store the same amount of energy as a state-of-the-art lithium ion, at substantially lower cost. As reported in a paper in Nature Energy , the Stanford team achieved four-sodium storage in a Na 2 C 6 O 6 electrode with a reversible capacity of 484 mAh g −1 , an energy density of 726 Wh kg −1 cathode , an energy efficiency above 87% and a good cycle retention.

2017 174

New liquid alloy electrode significantly lowers operating temperature of sodium-beta batteries; improved performance

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Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) have devised an alloying strategy that enables sodium-beta batteries to operate at significantly lower temperatures. The new electrode enables sodium-beta batteries to last longer, helps streamline their manufacturing process and reduces the risk of accidental fire. The traditional design of sodium-beta batteries consists of two electrodes separated by a solid membrane made of the ceramic material beta alumina.

2014 195

Vanderbilt researchers find iron pyrite quantum dots boost performance of sodium-ion and Li-ion batteries

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nm, average) of iron pyrite (FeS 2 ) nanoparticles are advantageous to sustain reversible conversion reactions in sodium ion and lithium ion batteries. In the paper, they reported reversible capacities of more than 500 and 600 mAh/g for sodium and lithium storage for ultrafine nanoparticles, along with improved cycling and rate capability. In this work we explore the sodium and lithium conversion of ultrafine FeS 2 nanoparticles, with a tight size distribution centered around ∼4.5

2015 199

U Alberta team develops hybrid sodium-ion capacitor; intermediate in energy & power between ultracaps and batteries

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A team led by researchers from the University of Alberta (Canada) Scientists has developed a hybrid sodium-ion capacitor (NIC) using active materials in both the anode and the cathode derived entirely from peanut shells—a green and highly economical waste globally generated at more than 6 million tons per year.

2014 235

PG&E, Calif. Energy Commission launch 4MW sodium-sulfur grid storage pilot in San Jose

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Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) and the California Energy Commission today unveiled a utility-scale sodium-sulfur battery energy storage system ( earlier post ) pilot project to better balance power needs of the electric grid. The system has a 4 megawatt capacity, and can store more than six hours of energy.

Faradion Electric Bike: Prototype Powered By Sodium-Ion Batteries

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The need to increase the amount of electricity a battery can store, decrease charging times, and lower costs is driving experimentation with other battery chemistries. Lithium-ion battery cells are currently dominant in electric cars and energy storage, but researchers are constantly looking to improve on them. Now, one British firm has found a. Batteries bicycle research plug-in cars British

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GE testing sodium halide battery/Li-ion battery/fuel cell hybrid system for transit bus

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GE’s publication reports that GE engineers have begun testing a transit bus equipped with a new hybrid energy system integrating GE’s Durathon sodium-halide battery ( earlier post ), a lithium-ion battery and a hydrogen fuel cell. GE has been exploring ways to synergize the benefits of its sodium-halide Durathon technology, which can store a large quantity of energy but isn’t optimized for power, with power-optimized lithium batteries and hydrogen fuel cells.

Sodium 200

BC Hydro and SC Electric Company partner on sodium-sulfur battery energy storage project

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BC Hydro has selected S&C Electric Company, a renewable energy integration company, for a sodium-sulfur (NaS) battery energy storage project intended to improve service reliability for a remote mountain community in British Columbia. This turnkey system will integrate the sodium-sulfur batteries on to the grid seamlessly, allowing the batteries to support a portion of the peak load depending on demand.

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GE posts $63M in orders for Durathon sodium-halide battery systems

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GE’s Energy Storage business announced $63 million in new Durathon sodium-halide battery orders since the business launched in July. The technology is unique because it can function in a variety of extreme conditions and store as much energy as lead-acid batteries twice its size while lasting up to 10 times as long. GE’s Durathon battery technology works by employing sodium chemistry to capture excess energy from the diesel fuel generators.

Sodium 207

French researchers develop sodium-ion battery in 18650 format; performance comparable to Li-ion

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Researchers within the RS2E network on electrochemical energy storage (Réseau sur le stockage électrochimique de l’énergie) in France have developed the first sodium-ion battery in an 18650 format. The main advantage of the prototype is that it relies on sodium, an element far more abundant and less costly than lithium. Six partner laboratories of the RS2E were involved in the project with the goal to find the right composition for the sodium cathode.

2015 150

RAL proposes new efficient and low-cost process to crack ammonia for hydrogen using sodium amide; transportation applications

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RAL researchers are proposing a new process for the decomposition of ammonia to release hydrogen that involves the stoichiometric decomposition and formation of sodium amide from Na metal. The new process decomposes ammonia using the concurrent stoichiometric decomposition and regeneration of sodium amide (NaNH 2 ) via sodium metal (Na); this is a significant departure in reaction mechanism compared with traditional surface catalysts.

2014 190

Xcel Terms First Phase of Sodium-Sulfur Battery Wind Energy Storage Test Project Successful

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In October 2008, Xcel began testing a one-megawatt sodium-sulfur (NaS) battery ( earlier post ) to demonstrate its ability to store wind energy and move it to the electricity grid when needed. They are able to store about 7.2 The sodium-sulfur battery is commercially available and versions of this technology are in use elsewhere in the US and other parts of the world, but this is the first US application of the battery as a direct wind energy storage device.

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UNSW team demonstrates high reversible hydrogen storage capacity under mild conditions for sodium borohydride using novel core-shell nanostructure; potential for vehicles

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A team from the University of New South Wales (Australia) reports on a novel core-shell strategy leading to high and stable hydrogen absorption/desorption cycling for sodium borohydride (NaBH 4 ) under mild pressure conditions (4 MPa) in an open-access paper in the journal ACS Nano. mass %), sodium borohydride is a promising hydrogen storage material. The core-shell NaBH 4 @Ni nanoparticles show high reversible hydrogen storage under reasonable conditions.

2012 220

GE demonstrates dual battery system for electric buses; pairing high-energy density sodium battery with high-power lithium battery optimizes performance and lowers cost

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The hybrid systems research team at GE Global Research has successfully demonstrated a dual battery system for an electric transit bus, pairing a high-energy density sodium metal halide battery with a high-power lithium battery. GE will conducting another bus demonstration for the project next year, in which it will be using its new sodium battery ( earlier post ) and a new modern, advanced composites lightweight bus. Sodium batteries are on the opposite side of the spectrum.

2010 220

Univ. of Texas researchers propose lithium- or sodium-water batteries as next generation of high-capacity battery technology; applicable for EVs and grid storage

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Researchers at the University of Texas, including Dr. John Goodenough, are proposing a strategy for high-capacity next-generation alkali (lithium or sodium)-ion batteries using water-soluble redox couples as the cathode. The present sodium-sulfur battery operates above 300 °C. A = lithium or sodium (Li or Na), M represents a metal and 1 ≤ n < z. Also, sodium rather than lithium might be used as the anode. Example of a lithium-water rechargeable battery.

2011 195

Researchers develop rechargeable hybrid-seawater fuel cell; highly energy density, stable cycling

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The circulating seawater in the open-cathode system results in a continuous supply of sodium ions, endowing the system with superior cycling stability that allows the application of various alternative anodes to sodium metal by compensating for irreversible charge losses. Sodium can serve as an alternative to lithium in rechargeable batteries as the reversible storage mechanisms for sodium ions are very similar (e.g.,

2014 240

Natron Energy awarded $3M by California Energy Commission to pair energy storage with EV fast charging

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Natron Energy, a developer of new battery cell technology based on Prussian Blue analogue electrodes and a sodium-ion electrolyte, has ( earlier post ), has been awarded a $3-million grant by the California Energy Commission (CEC) for “Advanced Energy Storage for Electric Vehicle Charging Support.” Natron’s patented technology uses Prussian Blue pigment which stores and releases energy in the form of sodium ions.

2019 177

Chevron invests in Prussian Blue battery tech company Natron Energy; stationary storage for EV charging stations

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Natron Energy , a developer of new battery cell technology based on Prussian Blue analogue electrodes and a sodium-ion electrolyte, has closed a strategic investment by Chevron Technology Ventures (CTV) to support the development of stationary energy storage systems for demand charge management at electric vehicle (EV) charging stations. Prussian blue dye, commonly used in blueprints, stores and releases energy in the form of sodium ions.

2019 242

Volkswagen and BASF present the first “Science Award Electrochemistry” to Dr. Naoaki Yabuuchi, Tokyo University of Science; Li-ion and Na-ion battery research

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Yabuuchi has showed, among other things, how new battery materials can improve the efficiency of lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries. The “Science Award Electrochemistry” aims to promote outstanding scientific and engineering achievements and provide an incentive for the development of high-performance energy stores.

2012 204

PNNL: single-crystal nickel-rich cathode holds promise for next-generation Li-ion batteries

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Researchers are working on ways to store more energy in the cathode materials by increasing nickel content. Nickel-rich cathode materials have real potential to store more energy. These carry advantages for storing and discharging energy faster.

2020 279

Researchers devise electrode architectures to prevent dendrite formation in solid-state batteries

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But the promise is worth pursuing, says MIT Professor Yet-Ming Chiang, because the amount of energy that can be stored in experimental versions of such cells is already nearly double that of conventional lithium-ion batteries. At the ordinary temperatures that the battery operates in, “it stays in a regime where you have both a solid phase and a liquid phase,” in this case made of a mixture of sodium and potassium.

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UT Austin team devises new strategy for safe, low-cost, all-solid-state rechargeable Na or Li batteries suited for EVs

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John Goodenough, known around the world for his pioneering work that led to the invention of the rechargeable lithium-ion battery, have devised a new strategy for a safe, low-cost, all-solid-state rechargeable sodium or lithium battery cell that has the required energy density and cycle life for a battery that powers an all-electric road vehicle. Researchers at the University of Texas at Austin, including Prof.

2016 241

Antimony nanocrystals as high-capacity anode materials for both Li-ion and Na-ion batteries

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Initial studies revealed that antimony could be suitable for both rechargeable lithium- and sodium-ion batteries because it is able to store both kinds of ions. Sodium is regarded as a possible low-cost alternative to lithium as it is much more naturally abundant and its reserves are more evenly distributed on Earth. Kovalenko estimates that tt will be another decade or so before a sodium-ion battery with antimony electrodes could hit the market.

2014 197

New solid hydrogen-on-demand fuel cell from HES Energy Systems flies UAV for record 6 hours

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Unlike a typical hydrogen fuel cell, the system doesn’t store its fuel as pressurized hydrogen gas, but stores it as a solid chemical material, making it easy for end-users to handle in the field. HES has been able to show that its system can store 7% of its weight as hydrogen with a fuel utilization rate of close to 90%. The company began with various approaches and technologies including the use of costly sodium borohydride.

2016 163

GE Durathon batteries successfully power underground mining scoop

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In trials, GE’s sodium metal halide Durathon batteries ( earlier post ) have successfully powered GE Mining’s Scoop, an underground vehicle that transports mining materials, at Coal River Energy, LLC in Alum Creek, West Virginia. Sodium-metal halide cell basic chemistry. The Durathon Battery energy storage system replaces lead-acid battery systems with non-toxic sodium-nickel chemistry.

2013 183

Carnegie Mellon researchers develop semi-liquid lithium metal anode for use with solid electrolytes

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However, researchers have found that the contact between the ceramic electrolyte and a solid lithium anode is insufficient for storing and supplying the amount of power needed for most electronics. They also believe that their methods could be extended beyond lithium to other rechargeable battery systems, including sodium metal batteries and potassium metal batteries and might be able to be used in grid-scale energy storage.

2019 220

BASF announces winners of the open innovation contest on energy storage

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The research group of Professor Xiangwu Zhang from North Carolina State University presents the concept of high-performance sodium-ion batteries that applies special electrode preparation methods. Sustainable technologies should make it possible to store power from the grid and feed power back into it. BASF announced the winners of the BASF Energy Contest at the “Creator Space Summit” in Ludwigshafen.

2015 150

Sandia Successfully Completes Hydrogen Storage System for GM

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The sodium alanate material used to store the hydrogen resides within the tubes. Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories have successfully designed and demonstrated key features of a hydrogen storage system that utilizes a complex metal hydride material—sodium alanate. stores 3 kilograms of hydrogen and is large enough to evaluate control strategies suitable for use in vehicle applications. The hydrogen storage system Sandia designed for GM.

2009 174

Researchers demonstrate concept desalination battery

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A team from Stanford University and Ruhr-Universität Bochum have demonstrated the novel concept of a “desalination battery” that uses an electrical energy input to extract sodium and chloride ions from seawater and to generate fresh water. A four-step charge/discharge process allows the electrodes to separate seawater into fresh water and brine streams: Fully charged electrodes, which do not contain mobile sodium or chloride ions when charged, are immersed in seawater.

2012 214

Fraunhofer researchers develop new low-cost dry-film electrode production process

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BroadBit uses it to produce new types of sodium-ion batteries. First, they mix the active materials, intended later to release the stored energy, with additives to create a paste. Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology IWS in Dresden have developed a new battery cell production process that coats the electrodes of the energy storage cells with a dry film instead of liquid chemicals.

2019 276

Industry study finds lead-acid to remain most wide-spread automotive energy storage for foreseeable future; new chemistries continue to grow

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With regard to overall storage capability and potential for further fuel efficiency improvements, the demand for larger battery systems based on lithium, nickel and sodium will continue to grow through the increased market penetration of vehicles with higher levels of hybridization and electrification. In full-hybrid vehicles, the stored energy is also used for a certain range of electric driving. Sodium-nickel chloride batteries.

2014 253

EPA opens door to consider Carbon Capture and Utilization as part of new Clean Power Plan; algae industry locks on

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In a section discussing the potential for the application of CCU (VIII.I.2), EPA noted that potential alternatives to storing CO 2 in geologic formations—i.e., Examples the agency first adduced in the section included the storage of captured anthropogenic CO 2 may be stored in solid carbonate materials such as precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) or magnesium or calcium carbonate, bauxite residue carbonation, and certain types of cement through mineralization.

2015 214

Sigma-Aldrich and Ilika Technologies collaborate to scale-up and commercialize boron hydride hydrogen-storage materials

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To be economically viable, the target weight percentage of hydrogen stored in such a material has been set at 6% by the US Department of Energy. weight% of hydrogen; the hydride materials being verified and scaled-up by Aldrich Materials Science can potentially store up to 10 weight% of hydrogen, reversibly, the company says. Ilika’s storage solution is a solid metal hydride, which exists as a powder stored in a cylinder at moderate pressure and stable at room temperature.

2011 183

Skyonic awards $117M construction contract to Toyo-Thai-USA for commercial-scale carbon capture and utilization plant

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The captured pollutants are mineralized into solid products, including sodium bicarbonate, which are stored, transported and sold as safe, stable solids. Skyonic Corporation, developer of the SkyMine mineralization process which can serve as a potential replacement for existing scrubber technology ( earlier post ), recently awarded the $117M construction contract for the Capitol SkyMine plant in San Antonio, Texas, to Toyo-Thai-USA Corporation (TTUS).

2013 163

Caltech engineers devise new thermochemical cycle for water splitting for H2; recyclable, non-toxic, non-corrosive and at lower temperatures

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The thermochemical production of hydrogen and oxygen from water via a series of chemical reactions is of interest because it directly converts thermal energy into stored chemical energy (hydrogen and oxygen), and thus can take advantage of excess heat given off by other processes. NaMnO 2 (sodium manganate) at 850 °C; oxidation of MnO in the presence of Na 2 CO 3 by water to produce H 2 , CO 2 , and ?-NaMnO

2012 190

UNSW team develops bio-inspired catalytic approach to chemical reduction for production of fuels and chemicals

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In industry, molecular hydrogen and reactive reagents such as sodium borohydride are used as reducing agents during the production of pharmaceuticals, agrichemicals and ammonia for fertiliser. Manufacture of these substances is energy costly, leads to the release of carbon dioxide and they are difficult to handle and store, Dr. Colbran notes.

2013 218

CO2-neutral hydrogen storage with a bicarbonate/formate system

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Metal hydride tanks store hydrogen in a relatively manageable volume but are very heavy and expensive, as well as operating only at high temperatures or far too slowly. The nontoxic aqueous solution of formate is easily stored and transported. Bicarbonates are a component of many natural stones and are also commonly used as baking powder or sherbet (sodium bicarbonate, NaHCO 3 ). to sodium formate in 96% yield at 70 °C in water/THF without additional CO 2.

2011 190

Top 5 Promising Technological Developments In The Electric Vehicle Sector

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Along with sodium-based alternatives, could soon supplant the seemingly obsolete lithium-ion battery. #2. Solar cars can store some solar energy in batteries and operate smoothly at night or when there is no direct sunlight.

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Mitsubishi and Tokyo Institute of Technology Developing EV Smart Charging from Wind Turbines

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In order to store electricity generated at night, windmill operators need to install sodium-sulfur battery systems, which are as costly as power generators. Nikkei. Mitsubishi Corp. and the Tokyo Institute of Technology are developing a smart charging system to exploit wind power produced at night to charge electric vehicles. Power companies buy windmill electricity generated during the daytime and resell it to households, factories and buildings.

2010 163

Drexel researchers demonstrate intercalation of MXenes with a variety of ions; high volumetric capacitance

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The fact that MXenes can accommodate ions and molecules in this way is significant because it expands their ability to store energy. Barsoum and Gogotsi’s report looks at intercalation of MXenes with a variety of ions, including lithium, sodium, magnesium, potassium, ammonium and aluminum ions. In other words, we can now store more energy in smaller volumes, an important consideration as mobile devices get smaller and require more energy.

2013 215

MIT and Moscow State collaborating on advanced batteries, metal-air batteries and reversible fuel/electrolysis cells

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This allows storage of charge at a higher volumetric or gravimetric density, which translates to a higher stored energy density or storage capacity for a given size or weight. Other work focuses on sodium as an earth-abundant alternative to lithium, but while it could lower cost, sodium ions also carry just a single charge. One way is to generate hydrogen by splitting water and storing the hydrogen, as in the power-to-gas schemes under examination (e.g.,

2015 218