Heliogen and Bloom Energy demonstrate production of low-cost green hydrogen; concentrated solar and high-temp electrolysis

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When combined with Bloom’s proprietary solid oxide, high-temperature electrolyzer, hydrogen can be produced 45% more efficiently than low-temperature PEM and alkaline electrolyzers. Electricity accounts for nearly 80% of the cost of hydrogen from electrolysis.

PNNL team develops new low-cost method to convert captured CO2 to methane

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By using a water-lean post-combustion capture solvent, (N-(2-ethoxyethyl)-3-morpholinopropan-1-amine) (2-EEMPA), they achieved a greater than 90% conversion of captured CO 2 to hydrocarbons—mostly methane—in the presence of a heterogenous Ru catalyst under relatively mild reaction conditions (170 °C and 2 pressure). But these traditional solvents have relatively high water content, making methane conversion difficult.

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Researchers in Australia develop low-cost water-splitting catalyst that offers comparable performance to platinum

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Iron and nickel, which are found in abundance on Earth, would replace precious metals ruthenium, platinum and iridium that up until now are regarded as benchmark catalysts in the water-splitting process.

2019 227

Rice U team creates low-cost, high-efficiency integrated device for solar-driven water splitting; solar leaf

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Rice University researchers have created an efficient, low-cost device that splits water to produce hydrogen fuel. The current flows to the catalysts that turn water into hydrogen and oxygen, with a sunlight-to-hydrogen efficiency as high as 6.7%.

2020 224

Exeter team develops low-cost photoelectrode for spontaneous water-splitting using sunlight

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The nanostructured photoelectrode results in spontaneous hydrogen evolution from water without any external bias applied with a faradaic efficiency of 30% and excellent stability. The greatest challenge is to develop a suitable technology for large scale and cost effective solar fuel production to compete with fossil fuel. One way this could be achieved is by using photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting which directly converts water and sunlight to solar fuel (hydrogen).

2018 276

Fukushima Hydrogen Energy Research Field (FH2R) completed in Japan; aiming for low-cost green hydrogen production; P2G

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Renewable energy output is subject to large fluctuations, so FH2R will adjust to supply and demand in the power grid in order to maximize utilization of this energy while establishing low-cost, Green hydrogen production technology.

2020 363

New low-cost and high-performance multinary intermetallic compound as active electrocatalyst for hydrogen production

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The new electrocatalyst can be produced at large scale and low cost, providing a new paradigm in a wide application of hydrogen production by electrochemical reaction in future. Their high costs and scarcity hinder the development and applications of this hydrogen production method.

2020 211

EPFL team develops low-cost water splitting cell with solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%

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A team led by Dr. Michael Grätzel at EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) in Switzerland has developed a highly efficient and low-cost water-splitting cell combining an advanced perovskite tandem solar cell and a bi-functional Earth-abundant catalyst. The combination of the two delivers a water-splitting photocurrent density of around 10 milliamperes per square centimeter, corresponding to a solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%.

2014 233

DGIST, PNNL team develops efficient, low-cost anode material for water electrolysis

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Korea’s DGIST (Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology), with colleagues at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), have developed a low-cost, highly efficient and ultra-durable core-shell nanostructured electrocatalyst that exhibits an improved oxygen evolution activity and stability compared to that of the commercial noble metal electrodes. A commercial Pt/C cathode-assisted, core–shell Co@NC–anode water electrolyzer delivers 10 mA cm ?2 Researchers at S.

2018 150

HyperSolar reaches 1.25 V for water-splitting with its self-contained low-cost photoelectrochemical nanosystem

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volts (V) of water-splitting voltage with its novel low-cost electrolysis technology. The theoretical minimum voltage needed to split water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen is 1.23 V or more is generally needed because of the low reaction kinetics. HyperSolar’s research is centered on developing a low-cost and submersible hydrogen production particle that can split water molecules using sunlight, emulating the core functions of photosynthesis.

2014 212

Penn State, FSU team develops low-cost, efficient layered heterostructure catalyst for water-splitting

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A team of scientists from Penn State and Florida State University have developed a lower cost and industrially scalable catalyst consisting of synthesized stacked graphene and W x Mo 1–x S 2 alloy phases that produces pure hydrogen through a low-energy water-splitting process. The researchers suggested that their strategy offers a cheap and low temperature synthesis alternative able to replace Pt in the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER).

2017 163

SwRI, UTSA researchers show biochar is low-cost, effective method to treat fracking water

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Researchers at Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) and The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) have determined that biochar, a substance produced from plant matter, is a safe, effective and inexpensive method to treat flowback water following hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. Flowback water treatment is a critical sustainability issue for the oil and gas industry. One to five million gallons of water mixed with sand and chemicals are required for the fracking of each well.

2014 220

Swiss team develops effective and low-cost solar water-splitting device; 14.2% solar-to-hydrogen efficiency

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Using commercially available solar cells and none of the usual rare metals, researchers at the Swiss Center for Electronics and Microtechnology (CSEM) and École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) have designed an intrinsically stable and scalable solar water splitting device that is fully based on earth-abundant materials, with a solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency of 14.2%.

2016 163

GWU team demonstrates highly scalable, low-cost process for making carbon nanotube wools directly from CO2

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Researchers at George Washington University led by Dr. Stuart Licht have demonstrated the first facile high-yield, low-energy synthesis of macroscopic length carbon nanotubes (CNTs)—carbon nanotube wool—from CO 2 using molten carbonate electrolysis ( earlier post ). This synthesis consumes only CO 2 and electricity, and is constrained only by the cost of electricity. The process is constrained by the (low) cost of electricity.

2017 249

EPFL team develops low-cost catalyst for splitting CO2

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EPFL scientists have developed an Earth-abundant and low-cost catalytic system for splitting CO 2 into CO and oxygen—an important step towards achieving the conversion of renewable energy into hydrocarbon fuels. The system uses the same catalyst for the cathode that reduces CO 2 to CO and for the anode that oxidizes water to oxygen through the oxygen evolution reaction. This is the first time that such a bi-functional and low-cost catalyst is demonstrated.

2017 150

UTSA, SwRI researchers developing low-cost method to treat fracking water using biochar

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Researchers at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) and Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) are investing $200,000 in new research to develop a low-cost method to treat flow-back water following hydraulic fracturing. Over the next year, the researchers will optimize an inexpensive charcoal product called biochar for the water treatment solution. It will be tested on water samples from the Eagle Ford Shale.

2013 186

Stanford team reports new low-cost, non-precious metal catalyst for water splitting with performance close to platinum

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Researchers at Stanford University, with colleagues at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and other institutions, have developed a nickel-based electrocatalyst for low-cost water-splitting for hydrogen production with performance close to that of much more expensive commercial platinum electrocatalysts. This marked the first time anyone has used non-precious metal catalysts to split water at a voltage that low, he added. Structure of the NiO/Ni-CNT hybrid.

2014 231

BNL Researchers develop low-cost, efficient, non-noble metal electrocatalyst to produce hydrogen from water

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A team of researchers led by Dr. James Muckerman at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) have developed a new class of high-activity, low-cost, non-noble metal electrocatalyst that generates hydrogen gas from water. Splitting water (H 2 O) into oxygen (O 2 ) and hydrogen (H 2 ), requires external electricity and an efficient catalyst to break chemical bonds while shifting around protons and electrons.

2012 236

MIT Researchers Identify New Low-Cost Water-Splitting Catalyst

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Daniel Nocera and his associates have found another formulation, based on inexpensive and widely available materials, that can efficiently catalyze the splitting of water molecules using electricity. In 2008, Nocera and his team reported developing a water-splitting catalyst that is easily prepared from earth-abundant materials (cobalt and phosphorous) and operates in benign conditions: pH neutral water at room temperature and 1 atm pressure. MIT Prof.

MIT engineers develop process that can treat produced water from gas wells at relatively low cost

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A new desalination process developed by engineers at MIT could treat produced water—deep water, often heavily laden with salts and minerals—from natural gas wells at relatively low cost. The method is a variation of the standard distillation process, in which salty water is vaporized and then condenses on a cold surface; the salt separates out during evaporation.

2013 188

Sandia team boosts hydrogen production activity by molybdenum disulfide four-fold; low-cost catalyst for solar-driven water splitting

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A team led by researchers from Sandia National Laboratories has shown that molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ), exfoliated with lithiation intercalation to change its physical structure, performs as well as the best state-of-the-art catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) but at a significantly lower cost. The improved catalyst has already released four times the amount of hydrogen ever produced by MoS 2 from water. Water splitting is a challenging reaction.

2015 186

Thai researchers find waste chicken fat a good low-cost feedstock for renewable diesel

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In a study investigating the effect of the water and free fatty acid (FFA) content in waste chicken fat from poultry processing plants on the production of renewable diesel (not biodiesel), researchers in Thailand have found that both higher FFA and water content improved the biohydrogenated diesel (BHD) yield. However, the high content of free fatty acids (FFAs) and water in chicken fats/oil lead to an undesired reaction (i.e., 1, a water content 0?4

2015 216

Bio-inspired molybdenum sulfide catalyst offers low-cost and efficient photo-electrochemical water splitting to produce hydrogen

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The optimized photo-electrochemical water splitting device uses light absorbers made of silicon arranged in closely packed pillars, dotted with tiny clusters of the new molybdenum sulfide catalyst. An alternative, clean method is to make hydrogen fuel from sunlight and water via a photo-electrochemical (PEC, or water-splitting) process. When sun hits the PEC cell, the solar energy is absorbed and used for splitting water molecules into its components, hydrogen and oxygen.

2011 270

Columbia team develops simple, low-cost, scaleable membraneless electrolyzer fabricated with 3D printing for H2 production

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Researchers at Columbia University are investigating the use of membraneless electrochemical flow cells for hydrogen production from water electrolysis that are based on angled mesh flow-through electrodes. Electrolyzers, which use electricity and water to produce hydrogen and oxygen, are well-established commercially available technologies, but the cost of producing H 2 by water electrolysis is currently too expensive.

2016 183

Saudi Aramco R&D proposes SuperButol as new low-cost high-octane blend component

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A team from Saudi Aramco Research and Development Center has developed a novel low-cost, high-octane gasoline blend component it calls SuperButol. SuperButol is made from low-value mixed butenes using a new process the team has named Butenes to Butanol (BTB); it has slightly lower blending RON compared to MTBE but has lower blending vapor pressure and higher energy content compared to ethanol.

2017 163

Researchers demonstrate use of 3D printing to produce and operate light-weight, low-cost electrolyzers

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The use of 3D printing allows construction of light-weight, low-cost electrolyzers and the rapid prototyping of flow field design. Flow plates which separate each cell in the electrolyzer stack and which are machined with a flow path for circulation of the water. reported that the bipolar plate assembly is the highest cost component in the stack, representing nearly 40% of the overall cost. The tam calculated that the 3D printed component would cost $0.17

2014 223

Harvard team demonstrates new metal-free organic–inorganic aqueous flow battery; potential breakthrough for low-cost grid-scale storage

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In a paper in Nature , they suggest that the use of such redox-active organic molecules instead of redox-active metals represents a new and promising direction for realizing massive electrical energy storage at greatly reduced cost. Wide-scale utilization of flow batteries is, however, limited by the abundance and cost of these materials, particularly those using redox-active metals and precious-metal electrocatalysts. Cell schematic.

2014 299

Hydrexia and HyGear partner on low-cost hydrogen distribution in Europe; solid state storage and delivery

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The agreement between the two companies allows for development and supply of a complete hydrogen generation, storage and distribution system with a lower cost product for customers. Hydrexia is entering the European market in partnership with HyGear with the intention of becoming a distributor of the lowest cost hydrogen in Europe. According to Hydrexia, its systems are about half the capital cost ($/kg-H 2 ) of compressed hydrogen storage.

2015 186

Berkeley Lab scientists generate low-cost, hybrid thermoelectric materials

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Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have constructed a low-cost, nanoscale composite hybrid thermoelectric material by wrapping a polymer that conducts electricity around a nanorod of tellurium—a metal coupled with cadmium in today’s most cost-effective solar cells. The composite material is easily spin cast or printed into a film from a water-based solution.

New low-cost bio-inspired nanostructured MoS2 catalyst performs almost as efficiently as Pt for hydrogen production

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While Pt nanoparticles represent the current benchmark for HER electrocatalysis, the elemental scarcity, high cost, and poor stability against nanoparticle coarsening and agglomeration impose practical limitations and motivate the need for a next generation of alternative HER catalysts. Despite the various merits of MoS 2 , its functional performance remains inferior to that of Pt due to comparatively small active site concentrations as well as its relatively low electrical conductivity.

2017 163

MIT team outlines path to low-cost solar-to-fuels devices; the artificial leaf

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The new analysis follows up on 2011 research that produced a proof of concept of an artificial leaf—a small device that, when placed in a container of water and exposed to sunlight, would produce bubbles of hydrogen and oxygen. The original demonstration leaf in 2011 had low efficiencies, converting less than 4.7% Because a single Si junction has insufficient potential to drive water splitting, it cannot be used for direct solar-to-fuels conversion.

2013 193

New nickel-gallium catalyst could lead to low-cost, clean production of methanol; small-scale, low-pressure devices

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In their paper, they suggested that this is a first step towards the development of small-scale low-pressure devices for CO 2 reduction to methanol. If hydrogen production is to be distributed and produced in small-scale devices, it would be attractive if the subsequent conversion of H 2 into a liquid fuel could also be performed in simpler, low-pressure decentralized units.

2014 220

Researchers develop technique to create new tailored molecule with high density of active catalytic sites; potential low-cost alternative to platinum for splitting water

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This technique holds promise for the creation of catalytic materials with high densities of active sites that can serve as effective low-cost alternatives to platinum for generating hydrogen gas from water that is acidic. However, recent studies have shown that in its nanoparticle form, molybdenite also holds promise for catalyzing the electrochemical and photochemical generation of hydrogen from water.

2012 193

New nanoparticle copper compound cathode could enable low-cost, long-life and high-power potassium-ion batteries for grid storage

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Stationary energy storage systems that can operate for many cycles, at high power, with high round-trip energy efficiency, and at low cost are required. Cost is a greater concern. We decided we needed to develop a new chemistry if we were going to make low-cost batteries and battery electrodes for the power grid. The researchers chose to use a water-based electrolyte. A team at Stanford led by Prof.

2011 252

Waste Management and Renmatix to explore conversion of urban waste to low-cost cellulosic sugar via supercritical hydrolysis

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The strategic investment and alliance aims to expand the feedstock flexibility of Renmatix’s proprietary Plantrose process beyond rural biomass to include materials derived from cost-effective and readily available urban waste material such as that managed by Waste Management. The water-based Plantrose Process consists of two core steps: Fractionation of biomass and separation of the remaining solids which contain cellulose and lignin. Waste Management, Inc.

2012 232

New aqueous rechargeable lithium battery shows good safety, high reliability, high energy density and low cost; another post Li-ion alternative

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The battery, which can be low cost and reliable in terms of safety, provides another chemistry for post Li-ion batteries, they suggest, and with higher practical energy densities than Li-air systems for supporting applications including electric vehicles and large-scale grid energy storage. V, much higher than the theoretic stable window of water, 1.229 V. Lithium metal reacts rapidly with water to produce hydrogen and lithium hydroxide, LiOH.).

2013 236

ARPA-E announces $11M for innovations in energy-water processing and agricultural sensing technologies; fourth, fifth OPEN+ cohorts

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The US Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) announced $11 million in funding for 7 projects in the fourth and fifth cohorts of the agency’s OPEN+ program: Energy-Water Technologies and Sensors for Bioenergy and Agriculture. Energy-Water cohort teams will develop new, energy-efficient processing technologies for industrial (particularly oil and gas) and municipal wastewater. Energy-Water Technologies cohort. ARPA-E Sensors Water

2019 162

Novel NIST process provides a low-cost route to ultrathin platinum films; implications for lower-cost catalysts

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The NIST team has found that increasing the voltage, the driving force of the reaction, far higher than normal to the point where the water molecules start to break down and hydrogen ions form, leads to an unexpected and useful result. A research group at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed a relatively simple, fast and effective method of depositing uniform, ultrathin layers of platinum atoms on a surface.

2012 193

GE-NRG Energy-ConocoPhillips JV invests in Glori Energy; low-cost enhancement to waterflooding EOR via microbial stimulation

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The most common method to enhance oil retrieval following primary recovery is termed waterflooding, which entails injecting water into wells to maintain or increase reservoir pressure. This process is limited in effect because oil is more viscous than water and is bypassed as water flows through the rock matrix. This is the key to our ability to extract substantial crude oil from wells at low cost.

2011 188

HyperSolar demonstrates low cost renewable hydrogen breakthrough

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Scientists have successfully demonstrated the process of producing hydrogen fuel using sunlight with the use of a new low-cost system. For over a century, the process of splitting water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen using electrolysis has been well known. It has in theory, held the key to producing clean and renewable hydrogen for use [.]. Hydrogen cars Solar hydrogen solar USA

Iowa State researchers developing low-cost thermochemical process to produce sugars from biomass for bio-fuels and -chemicals; pyrolytic molasses

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Low-cost sugars from biomass are a key enabler for many production pathways for bio-based fuels and chemicals. separate sugars from the heavy fractions of bio-oil using a simple water-washing process. Iowa State University (ISU) researchers have developed technologies to efficiently produce, recover and separate sugars from the fast pyrolysis of biomass. Fast pyrolysis involves quickly heating the biomass without oxygen to produce liquid or gas products.

Iowa 172

New $30M ARPA-E program to produce renewable liquid fuels from renewable energy, air and water

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The US Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) announced up to $30 million in funding for a new program for technologies that use renewable energy to convert air and water into cost-competitive liquid fuels. ( ARPA-E’s Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-dense Liquids (REFUEL) program seeks to develop technologies that use renewable energy to convert air and water into Carbon Neutral Liquid Fuels (CNLF). Fuel cost $/kg.

2016 195

Low Cost Optimized Diesel Particulate Filter for Low-Temperature Regeneration from NxtGen and Sd-Chemie

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and Süd-Chemie have partnered on a lower cost, high-efficiency diesel particulate filter (DPF) system optimized for low-temperature regeneration using the proprietary technologies of both companies. The syngas can be used to regenerate a lean NO x trap (LNT) by converting trapped NO x into nitrogen and water, or to enable active diesel particulate filter (DPF) regeneration through combustion at lower temperatures than diesel fuel, resulting in lower fuel consumption.

2009 150