Japan team evaluates battery-assisted low-cost hydrogen production from solar energy

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Researchers from Japan’s NIMS (National Institute for Materials Science), the University of Tokyo and Hiroshima University have jointly conducted a techno-economic analysis for hydrogen production from photovoltaic power generation (PV) utilizing a battery-assisted electrolyzer.

2019 164

GWU team demonstrates highly scalable, low-cost process for making carbon nanotube wools directly from CO2

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Researchers at George Washington University led by Dr. Stuart Licht have demonstrated the first facile high-yield, low-energy synthesis of macroscopic length carbon nanotubes (CNTs)—carbon nanotube wool—from CO 2 using molten carbonate electrolysis ( earlier post ).

2017 128

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Exeter team develops low-cost photoelectrode for spontaneous water-splitting using sunlight

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Researchers at the University of Exeter (UK) have developed a novel p-type LaFeO 3 photoelectrode using an inexpensive and scalable spray pyrolysis method. The greatest challenge is to develop a suitable technology for large scale and cost effective solar fuel production to compete with fossil fuel. Cost effective solar fuel generation is hindered by the semiconductor material not meeting certain essential criteria to achieve highly efficient solar to hydrogen conversion.

2018 109

WSU team develops highly-efficient, low-cost nickel-iron nanofoam for OER for water splitting

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Researchers at Washington State University, with colleagues at Argonne National Laboratory and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, have combined inexpensive nickel and iron in a very simple, five-minute process to create large amounts of a high-quality catalyst required for water splitting.

2018 90

Ricardo’s low-cost, fuel-efficient automatic transmission concept for motorcycles

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Ricardo has developed and demonstrated an advanced and cost-effective motorcycle Automated Manual Transmission (AMT) concept that offers the comfort and convenience of automatic and semi-automatic operation with better-than-manual fuel efficiency.

2016 100

LeMond Composites licenses ORNL low-cost carbon fiber manufacturing process; transportation, renewable energy, & infrastructure

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LeMond Composites, founded by three-time Tour de France champion Greg LeMond, has licensed a low-cost, high-volume carbon fiber manufacturing process developed at the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL).

EPFL team develops low-cost water splitting cell with solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%

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A team led by Dr. Michael Grätzel at EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) in Switzerland has developed a highly efficient and low-cost water-splitting cell combining an advanced perovskite tandem solar cell and a bi-functional Earth-abundant catalyst.

2014 120

Columbia team develops simple, low-cost, scaleable membraneless electrolyzer fabricated with 3D printing for H2 production

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Researchers at Columbia University are investigating the use of membraneless electrochemical flow cells for hydrogen production from water electrolysis that are based on angled mesh flow-through electrodes. as well as the cost of assembling the electrolyzer.

2016 95

HyperSolar reaches 1.25 V for water-splitting with its self-contained low-cost photoelectrochemical nanosystem

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volts (V) of water-splitting voltage with its novel low-cost electrolysis technology. V or more is generally needed because of the low reaction kinetics. This lowers the system cost of what is essentially an electrolysis process. HyperSolar, Inc.

2014 109

Researchers demonstrate use of 3D printing to produce and operate light-weight, low-cost electrolyzers

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A team at the University of Glasgow has demonstrated the production and operation of a PEM electrolyzer constructed from silver-coated 3D-printed components fabricated from polypropylene. The tam calculated that the 3D printed component would cost $0.17

2014 115

U of Waterloo team develops low-cost approach to stabilize Li metal anodes

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Researchers at the University of Waterloo (Canada) have developed a low-cost and scalable approach that tackles the stabilization of Li metal electrodes by forming a single-ion-conducting and stable protective surface layer in vivo. This comprises a thin amorphous “Li 3 PS 4 ” layer formed by using a low-concentration electrolyte additive.

2017 65

UT Austin team devises new strategy for safe, low-cost, all-solid-state rechargeable Na or Li batteries suited for EVs

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Researchers at the University of Texas at Austin, including Prof. However, the team notes, the all-solid-state metal-plating batteries are simpler to fabricate at lower cost and offer much higher energy densities, longer cycle life, and acceptable charge/discharge rates.

2016 123

New low-cost bio-inspired nanostructured MoS2 catalyst performs almost as efficiently as Pt for hydrogen production

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A team led by researchers from Sandia National Laboratories and the University of California, Merced has developed an efficient molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ) catalyst for driving the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Right now, very low-voltage electricity does the job.

2017 85

Penn State, FSU team develops low-cost, efficient layered heterostructure catalyst for water-splitting

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A team of scientists from Penn State and Florida State University have developed a lower cost and industrially scalable catalyst consisting of synthesized stacked graphene and W x Mo 1–x S 2 alloy phases that produces pure hydrogen through a low-energy water-splitting process. The researchers suggested that their strategy offers a cheap and low temperature synthesis alternative able to replace Pt in the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER).

2017 65

New low-cost, lightweight magnesium sheet alloy with good formability for automotive applications; 1.5x stronger than aluminum

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The magnesium alloy becomes stronger than aluminum alloy after a heat treatment, uses only common metals, and could be a low-cost, lightweight sheet metal for automotive applications. The newly developed alloy is composed of only common metals, so the material cost is not expensive.

2017 78

RMIT researchers develop low-cost, reliable method to detect NO2; personal monitoring systems

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RMIT University researchers in Australia, with their colleagues in China, have developed a low-cost and reliable method of detecting nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ), a significant air pollutant than contributes to more than seven million deaths worldwide each year, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). The 2D SnS 2 -based sensor provides a real solution for low-cost and selective NO 2 gas sensing.

2015 73

Stanford team reports new low-cost, non-precious metal catalyst for water splitting with performance close to platinum

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Researchers at Stanford University, with colleagues at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and other institutions, have developed a nickel-based electrocatalyst for low-cost water-splitting for hydrogen production with performance close to that of much more expensive commercial platinum electrocatalysts.

2014 119

BNL Researchers develop low-cost, efficient, non-noble metal electrocatalyst to produce hydrogen from water

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A team of researchers led by Dr. James Muckerman at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) have developed a new class of high-activity, low-cost, non-noble metal electrocatalyst that generates hydrogen gas from water.

GWU team develops low-cost, high-yield one-pot synthesis of carbon nanofibers from atmospheric CO2

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A team led by Dr. Stuart Licht at The George Washington University in Washington, DC has developed a low-cost, high-yield and scalable process for the electrolytic conversion of atmospheric CO 2 dissolved in molten carbonates into carbon nanofibers (CNFs.)

2015 77

SwRI, UTSA researchers show biochar is low-cost, effective method to treat fracking water

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Researchers at Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) and The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) have determined that biochar, a substance produced from plant matter, is a safe, effective and inexpensive method to treat flowback water following hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. Once the water is used, the flowback, or wastewater, must be treated to remove hazardous chemicals before it is stored, reused or disposed, which can be a costly endeavor.

2014 87

MIT team outlines path to low-cost solar-to-fuels devices; the artificial leaf

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The original demonstration leaf in 2011 had low efficiencies, converting less than 4.7% Considering recent cost reductions of Si solar cells, this paper offers a path to the construction of low cost solar-to-fuels devices.

2013 99

New Na-ion battery combining intercalation and conversion could be promising low-cost energy storage system

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A team led by Yang-Kook Sun at Hanyang University (South Korea), Bruno Scrosati at University of Rome Sapienza, and Khalil Amine at Argonne National Laboratory reports the development of a sodium-ion battery based on a carbon-coated Fe 3 O 4 anode, Na[Ni 0.25 In addition, the battery is based on sodium, an abundant, hence low cost, material. Overall, our sodium-ion system appears to be one of the potentially promising for low-cost energy storage in the near future.

2014 79

Graphene ESD to partner with Stony Brook to develop new low-cost integrated ultra-high voltage supercapacitors

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announced that Graphene Energy Storage Devices (Graphene ESD) has signed a research agreement with the Research Foundation of Stony Brook University (SBU). The goal of the project is the development of low-cost integrated ultra-high voltage supercapacitor units by a high-rate reel-to-reel process. Lomiko Metals Inc. Graphene ESD will partner with the SBU Center for Advanced Sensor Technologies (Sensor CAT) to develop new supercapacitors designs for energy storage.

2015 80

Novel bi-metallic palladium-tungsten nano-alloy an efficient low-cost fuel cell catalyst; simple microwave synthesis

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In a paper in the journal Nature Communications , they reported that despite a very low percentage of noble metal (?palladium:tungsten=1:8), Source: Umeå University. Considering the cost, it would be 40 times lower.

2014 96

UTSA, SwRI researchers developing low-cost method to treat fracking water using biochar

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Researchers at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) and Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) are investing $200,000 in new research to develop a low-cost method to treat flow-back water following hydraulic fracturing. Over the next year, the researchers will optimize an inexpensive charcoal product called biochar for the water treatment solution. It will be tested on water samples from the Eagle Ford Shale.

2013 73

New catalysts convert ethanol to butanol with high selectivity; potential low-cost upgrade for ethanol plants

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Researchers at the University of Bristol (UK) have developed a new family of catalysts that enables the conversion of ethanol into n-butanol—a higher alcohol with better characteristics for transportation applications than ethanol—with selectivity of more than 95% at good conversion. The new catalysts could reduce the costs of converting ethanol factories to production of butanol.

2013 81

Sandia team boosts hydrogen production activity by molybdenum disulfide four-fold; low-cost catalyst for solar-driven water splitting

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A team led by researchers from Sandia National Laboratories has shown that molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ), exfoliated with lithiation intercalation to change its physical structure, performs as well as the best state-of-the-art catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) but at a significantly lower cost. Nevertheless, because of the scarcity and cost of Pt, a more abundant alternative is needed for cost-effective implementation.

2015 73

Ford concentrates on control strategies for low-cost start-stop system for Fusion

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In a recently published paper with colleagues from RWTH Aachen University and Digatron Industrie-Elektronik GmbH, Eckhard Karden of Ford Research and Advanced Engineering Europe noted that: Stop-start and regenerative braking are the hybridization features used for micro-hybrids, while avoiding the need for a high volt (above 60V) electric motor and traction battery. The new Ford Fusion will be the first non-hybrid Ford vehicle available in the US with Auto Start-Stop. Earlier post.)

Low-cost N-doped interlayer derived from loofah sponge enables high-performance Li-S, Li-Se and LiI2 batteries

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Researchers from Griffith University in Australia and Peking University in China have synthesized low-cost, hierarchically porous, and nitrogen-doped loofah sponge carbon (N-LSC) derived from the loofah sponge via a simple calcining process and applied it as a multifunctional blocking layer for Li–S, Li–Se, and Li–I 2 batteries.

2016 60

DARPA program integrates non-mechanical optical scanning tech on microchip; new class of low-cost, miniature LIDAR could support autonomous vehicle apps

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These accomplishments could open the door to a new class of miniaturized, extremely low-cost, robust laser-scanning technologies for LIDAR and other uses. These large, slow opto-mechanical systems are both temperature- and impact-sensitive and often cost tens of thousands of dollars each—all factors that limit widespread adoption of current technologies for military and commercial use.

2015 91

MIT engineers develop process that can treat produced water from gas wells at relatively low cost

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A new desalination process developed by engineers at MIT could treat produced water—deep water, often heavily laden with salts and minerals—from natural gas wells at relatively low cost. Lienhard V, and collaborators at King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM) in Saudi Arabia. However, because all the water must be heated to the boiling point, while the condensing surfaces must be kept cold, such a process is energy-intensive and therefore costly.

2013 74

New nickel-gallium catalyst could lead to low-cost, clean production of methanol; small-scale, low-pressure devices

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Scientists from Stanford University, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the Technical University of Denmark have identified a new nickel-gallium catalyst that converts hydrogen and carbon dioxide into methanol at ambient pressure and with fewer side-products than the conventional catalyst. In their paper, they suggested that this is a first step towards the development of small-scale low-pressure devices for CO 2 reduction to methanol.

2014 87

New aqueous rechargeable lithium battery shows good safety, high reliability, high energy density and low cost; another post Li-ion alternative

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Researchers from Fudan University in China and Technische Universität Chemnitz in Germany have developed an aqueous rechargeable lithium battery (ARLB) using coated Li metal as the anode. Lower cost of production, using well-known materials.

2013 121

New nanoparticle copper compound cathode could enable low-cost, long-life and high-power potassium-ion batteries for grid storage

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Stationary energy storage systems that can operate for many cycles, at high power, with high round-trip energy efficiency, and at low cost are required. Cost is a greater concern. We decided we needed to develop a new chemistry if we were going to make low-cost batteries and battery electrodes for the power grid. Funding for the research was provided by the US Department of Energy and the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology.

2011 100

Bio-inspired molybdenum sulfide catalyst offers low-cost and efficient photo-electrochemical water splitting to produce hydrogen

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Damsgaard, Thomas Pedersen and Ole Hansen, Technical University of Denmark. The discovery was published last week in the journal Nature Materials by theorist Jens Nørskov of the US Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University and a team of colleagues led by Ib Chorkendorff and Søren Dahl at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU).

2011 107

New high-activity, low-cost nickel-based catalyst for fuel cells exhibits performance similar to Pt; hydroxide exchange membrane fuel cells

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Researchers at the University of Delaware, with a colleague at the Beijing University of Chemical Technology, have developed a composite catalyst—nickel nanoparticles supported on nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes—that exhibits hydrogen oxidation activity in alkaline electrolyte similar to platinum-group metals. Owing to its high activity and low cost, the catalyst shows significant potential for use in low-cost, high-performance fuel cells, the team suggested.

2016 60

ARPA-E awards U-M $1.9M to develop advanced low-cost high-efficiency engine; boosting, highly dilute combustion and 48V system

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The performance is projected to match that of a naturally aspirated engine and have a 20% increase in fuel efficiency compared to a turbocharged downsized engine, at a cost that is half that of a mild-hybrid system. Stefanopoulou, a professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Michigan, ASME Fellow and director of the U-M Automotive Research Center. If we improve the responsiveness of small engines, then we can push for more efficient cars at low cost.

2015 60

Initial Results of UK EV Driver Study Show Increased Confidence and Low Cost Recharging

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Six months into the CABLED trial (Coventry and Birmingham Low Emission Demonstrators) ( earlier post ), Aston University’s research reveals that drivers are travelling more miles more frequently and are undertaking longer journeys, indicating increased confidence and notably reduced ‘range anxiety’. The average cost to trial participants for recharging at home is between 25p and £1 (US$0.40 The low cost of ‘refuelling’ in relatively short periods of time reinforce this.

Researchers develop technique to create new tailored molecule with high density of active catalytic sites; potential low-cost alternative to platinum for splitting water

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This technique holds promise for the creation of catalytic materials with high densities of active sites that can serve as effective low-cost alternatives to platinum for generating hydrogen gas from water that is acidic.

2012 99

Controlled Power Technologies and Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium to unveil LC Super Hybrid at Geneva show; low-cost “micro-mild” demonstrator

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The demonstrator further develops AVL’s efficient low carbon ELC concept ( earlier post ). liters/100 km (42 mpg US) fuel consumption achieved at lower cost than an equivalent diesel model. The LC Super Hybrid demonstrator. Click to enlarge.

TU Delft heading European collaborative RD project on high-energy, low-cost, high-safety Li-ion traction batteries

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TU Delft is heading a new project sponsored by the European Commission (EC) in which research institutes, universities and the battery and automotive industry from 8 European countries are collaborating to develop a new Li-ion cell for automotive traction purposes with the following characteristics: high energy density of at least 200 Wh/kg; low cost, i.e., a maximum of €150/kWh; and improved safety.

2011 71

Iowa State researchers developing low-cost thermochemical process to produce sugars from biomass for bio-fuels and -chemicals; pyrolytic molasses

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Iowa State University (ISU) researchers have developed technologies to efficiently produce, recover and separate sugars from the fast pyrolysis of biomass. ” Low-cost sugars from biomass are a key enabler for many production pathways for bio-based fuels and chemicals. Fast pyrolysis involves quickly heating the biomass without oxygen to produce liquid or gas products. ISU’s Robert C. Brown calls the result of the process “pyrolytic molasses.”

Iowa 68

Argonne and University of Illinois to form Midwest Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Coalition

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign’s Grainger College of Engineering intend to form the Midwest Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Coalition to raise awareness of the potential for hydrogen and fuel cells to provide energy resilience and security, reduce emissions and foster economic growth.