Lawrence Livermore publishes state-by-state energy/water Sankey diagrams

Green Car Congress

For the first time, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has published state-by-state energy and water Sankey diagrams in one location so that analysts and policymakers can find all the information they need in one place. These diagrams depict energy use and water flow during the year 2010, the latest year for which comprehensive data is available. General location of energy and water categories. Energy and water generally “flows” from left to right.

2018 204

Study finds the wettability of porous electrode surfaces is key to making efficient water-splitting or carbon-capturing systems

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As water-splitting technologies improve, often using porous electrode materials to provide greater surface areas for electrochemical reactions, their efficiency is often limited by the formation of bubbles that can block or clog the reactive surfaces.

Water 295
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Baker Hughes acquires exclusive license from SRI International for mixed salt process technology for carbon capture

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Baker Hughes has entered into a global exclusive licensing agreement with SRI International to use SRI’s innovative Mixed-Salt Process (MSP) for CO 2 capture. —Manish Kothari, president of SRI International.

Carbon 211

Texas: From Shale Boom to Water Revolution

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Now the slick but dry state is becoming famous for water: that precious element that both resolves the drought problem and also makes it possible to pump more oil out of the ground. Not only does Texas have the Permian Basin and the Eagle Ford shale, but it also has the Gulf of Mexico and its massive oil deposits and endless gallons of seawater that are now economically treatable thanks to next generation water processing technology. A Water Revolution Takes Root.

Water 221

Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport adds two BYD electric buses

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Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL) has aded two BYD battery-electric buses.

Kobe team develops method for highly efficient hydrogen production using sunlight, water and hematite

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A research group led by Associate Professor Takashi Tachikawa of Kobe University’s Molecular Photoscience Research Center has developed a strategy that greatly increases the amount of hydrogen produced from sunlight and water using hematite (??Fe

2020 286

LBNL, Nissan researchers explore ethanol internal reforming in SOFCs for vehicle applications

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Researchers from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and Nissan Research Center report on their investigation of the internal reforming of ethanol fuel on high-performance metal-supported solid-oxide fuel cells (MS-SOFCs) with infiltrated catalysts in a paper in the Journal of Power Sources.

2020 253

Cambridge study finds globalized economy making water, energy and land insecurity worse

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The first large-scale study of the risks that countries face from dependence on water, energy and land resources has found that globalization may be decreasing, rather than increasing, the security of global supply chains. Countries meet their needs for goods and services through domestic production and international trade. However, the researchers found that the greatest resource risk is due to international trade, mainly from remote countries.

2020 162

International Battery and Hydro-Québec to collaborate on water-based manufacturing processes for Li-ion batteries

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International Battery, a US manufacturer, designer and developer of large-format Lithium-ion rechargeable cells, batteries and energy storage systems (ESS), has entered into a collaboration and license agreement with Hydro-Québec with the purpose to further develop water-based manufacturing processes of Lithium-ion batteries. As early as 1996, Hydro-Québec started working on water-based manufacturing processes for Lithium-ion batteries.

2011 181

Toyota introduces new 2020 Highlander and hybrid at New York International Auto Show; TNGA-K platform

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Toyota introduced the next-generation three-row 2020 Highlander SUV at the New York International Auto Show. A variable cooling system (electric water pump, electric thermostat) and a fully variable oil pump further improve engine efficiency. Arriving in Toyota dealerships in winter, the Highlander gasoline model will arrive in December 2019 and the Highlander Hybrid will make its way to customers in February 2020.

2019 239

DOE awarding $35M to 11 projects for hydrokinetic turbine development; ARPA-E SHARKS

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HydroMINE is a disruptive and elegantly simple system with an internal propeller driven by pressure from a stationary hydrofoil structure to a separate, internal flow stream. The internal propeller drives an ordinary electric generator. SRI International.

2020 336

Rolls-Royce and Robert Allan present world’s first LNG-powered shallow-water push boat

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Rolls-Royce and Canadian vessel designers Robert Allan have developed the world’s first shallow-water push boat powered by LNG natural gas engines. At the International Workboat Show in New Orleans, classification society DNV GL gave its “Approval in Principle” to the new design.

2019 195

Borla Performance Industries developing muffler/membrane unit for exhaust water extraction with ORNL nanopore membrane technology

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Borla will combine this with its diesel exhaust technology to create a low-cost, novel system that doubles as a device to extract potable water from diesel and other internal combustion exhaust. The researchers at ORNL developed the membrane technology for applications such as gas separation, water purification, energy and water recovery from. The heat recovered could serve to preheat boiler feed water, thus providing an energy savings.

Water 212

Ford cuts water use two years ahead of schedule

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Ford Motor Company is furthering its commitment to aggressively step up water conservation programs at its global facilities and among the company’s suppliers, according to its 15 annual Sustainability Report, released today. Last year Ford reduced per vehicle water use by 30% globally from a 2009 baseline, reaching its goal two years ahead of schedule. Plans are under way to further cut water use by another 2% this year and to set new long-term goals.

2014 193

Study: new international agreements needed to ensure sustainable supply of minerals and metals for low-carbon energy tech

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A study by an international team of researchers warns that the global transition to global low-carbon energy technology could be at risk unless new international agreements and governance mechanisms are put in place to ensure a sustainable supply of rare minerals and metals.

2020 195

GTI International acquires BKi; operator of California Fuel Cell Partnership

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GTI International (GTII), a subsidiary of Gas Technology Institute (GTI), has acquired BKi, a professional energy services and consulting firm serving energy efficiency, energy supply, and alternative transportation markets. BKi’s areas of expertise also include water efficiency and advanced power generation with carbon capture and storage.

2016 150

KAIST/Hyundai team explores effects of water direct injection on gasoline engine under high load

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Researchers from the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) and the Advanced Gasoline Engine Development Team at Hyundai Motor Company report on the effects of water direct injection on a gasoline engine under high-load conditions in a paper in the International Journal of Engine Research. The test engine was a 1.6-L naturally aspirated prototype engine equipped with water direct injection and port fuel injection systems.

2015 195

PNNL-led international study finds ultrafine aerosols have outsize impact on storm clouds, precipitation

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The additional condensate adds to both the warm rain and supercooled cloud water; when freezing occurs aloft, this addition further enhances convection (i.e., Similar but larger particles are known to play a role in feeding powerful, fast-moving updrafts of air from the land surface to the atmosphere, creating the clouds that play a central role in the formation of water droplets that fall as rain. Ultrafine aerosols—minute particles from urban (e.g.,

2018 190

Ocean Salinities Show an Intensified Water Cycle; Large Salinity Changes Will Eventually Influence Ocean Circulation

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A new study co-authored by CSIRO (Australia) scientists Paul Durack and Dr. Susan Wijffels finds evidence that the world’s water cycle has already intensified. The stronger water cycle means arid regions have become drier and high rainfall regions wetter as atmospheric temperature increases. million profiles of salinity, potential temperature and neutral density from historical archives and the international Argo Program. Tags: Climate Change Water

Water 202

FPT International introduces 8.7-liter CNG engine in China

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Compared to the Cursor 9 diesel, the new engine has a Ni-Resist cast-iron exhaust manifold and water cooled wastegate turbocharger, increasing reliability. FPT Industrial has extended its range of on-road alternative fuel solutions with the 8.7-liter Cursor 9 CNG, based on the Cursor 9 diesel architecture. The Cursor 9 CNG offers power up to 400 hp @ 2000 rpm, and torque up to 1700 N·m @ 1.200 rpm, while at the same time having emissions lower than Euro VI.

2016 150

Petrobras awards Technip two contracts for ultra-deep water fields

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Technip two ultra-deep water contracts for the supply of flexible pipes for the Sapinhoá Norte field and I5 at Lula field (former Tupi field), located in the Santos Basin pre-salt area (Brazil), at a water depth of up to 2,500 meters (8,202 feet). The gas injection top risers are designed for high internal pressure, using the Teta profile developed by Technip’s R&D team in its Flexi France plant in Le Trait, France). Petrobras has awarded.

2014 188

Molybdenum coating improves the efficiency of water-splitting catalysts for producing hydrogen

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Researchers at KAUST have developed a novel molybdenum-coated catalyst that can efficiently split water in acidic electrolytes and that could help with the efficient production of hydrogen. Scientists are searching for ways of improving the water-splitting reaction by developing an optimal catalyst. The two gaseous products can easily recombine back to water due to reverse water-forming reactions, hindering the production of hydrogen.

2017 163

New efficient, low-temperature catalyst for converting water and CO to hydrogen and CO2

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Scientists in the US and China have developed a new low-temperature catalyst for producing high-purity hydrogen gas while simultaneously using up carbon monoxide (CO) via the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction. In order to achieve high WGS activity at low temperature, we searched for catalysts that could dissociate water efficiently and reform the generated oxygen-containing species (reaction of surface oxygen or hydroxyl with CO*) at low temperature.

2017 174

Detailed snapshots of photosynthesis at room temperature using SLAC’s X-ray laser show water-splitting reaction

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One of its molecular mysteries of photosynthesis involves how the photosystem II protein complex harvests energy from sunlight and uses it to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. The international research team is a long-standing collaboration between SLAC and Berkeley Lab, and includes Humboldt University in Germany, Umeå University and Uppsala University in Sweden, Stanford University, Brookhaven National Laboratory and University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.

2016 216

FEV working on water injection system using exhaust condensate; fuel consumption improvements up to 16% possible

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FEV is developing a water injection system for internal combustion engines using condensate from exhaust gases, the “Extended Direct Condensate Injection” system. The concept, as reported in a new paper in the International Journal of Engine Research , demonstrates a potential for efficiency increase of 3.3% – 3.8% If water injection is used in addition to homogeneous lean combustion, an efficiency gain of 4.5%

2015 186

NASA Hosting Water Sustainability Forum 16-18 March

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The first forum, Launch: Water, will take place at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida from 16-18 March. NASA offers a culture of problem-solving, deep technical expertise on sustainable systems such as the International Space Station, and a unique capacity to capture and analyze data about our home planet. Other founding partners are the US Agency for International Development, the US State Department and Nike.

Water 198

New molybdenum-coated catalyst produces hydrogen from water-splitting more efficiently; preventing the back reaction

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Water-splitting systems require a very efficient catalyst to speed up the chemical reaction that splits water into hydrogen and oxygen, while preventing the two gases from recombining back into water. Now an international research team has developed a new catalyst with a molybdenum (Mo) coating that prevents this problematic back reaction and works well in realistic operating conditions. Graph of the photocatalytic water splitting performance of a 0.3

2017 150

International Truck ships first on-highway vehicles with A26 engine; up to 9% fuel economy improvement

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International Truck has started customer shipments of its first International LT Series and International RH Series vehicles with the company’s 12.4-liter engine. The company’s internal testing shows these products are delivering up to nine percent in fuel economy improvement over the comparable models built only a year ago.

2017 150

VW’s 1.0 TSI in the new up! GTI wins International Engine of the Year 2018 award in its category; Euro 6d-TEMP

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GTI1 has been named International Engine of the Year 2018 in its category. Catalytic reactions turn them likewise into CO 2 , and into nitrogen (N 2 ) and water (H 2 0). Volkswagen’s 1.0 TSI in the new up! The 85 kW / 115 PS gasoline-fired engine is the first of its kind to be combined with a four-way catalytic converter and installed in the up! It also comes with a gasoline particulate filter.

2018 239

Technion team devises method for on-demand H2 production from water and aluminum for aviation applications

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Aerospace engineers at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have developed and patented a process for on-demand hydrogen production from the reaction of activated aluminum powder and water for commercial aircraft applications. In addition to fresh water, the waste water available on-board the aircraft can be used for hydrogen generation. The possibility to use the available waste water leads to high specific electric energy of up to about 850 Wh/kg.

2017 150

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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million in Carbon Recycling International (CRI). Geely’s CRI investment and work with renewable methanol is similar to the approach Audi is taking with its own e-fuels projects—producing very low carbon liquid or gaseous fuels using only renewable energy, water and CO 2. Zhejiang Geely Holding Group (Geely Group) will invest a total of US$45.5 The investment consists of an initial investment and additional purchases of CRI equity over a 3-year period.

2015 212

Duke team develops new core-shell copper nanowire catalyst for efficient water oxidation for solar fuels

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A transparent film of copper nanowires was transformed into an electrocatalyst for water oxidation by electrodeposition of Ni or Co onto the surface of the nanowires. Wiley at Duke University has introduced a new electrocatalyst for water oxidation consisting of a conductive network of core-shell nanowires that is just as efficient as conventional metal oxide films on indium tin oxide (ITO) and a great deal more transparent and robust.

2013 198

International Truck invites Class 8 competitors to open event for head-to-head testing on fuel economy, aerodynamics and drivability

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International Truck (Navistar’s flagship vehicle brand) has invited each of its Class 8 competitors to participate in an open performance testing to compare fuel economy and drivability of their new trucks during the week of 31 August at the Navistar Proving Grounds in New Carlisle, Indiana.

2015 205

3 Duke Energy subsidiaries plead guilty to 9 criminal violations of Clean Water Act; $102M settlement

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Three subsidiaries of North Carolina-based Duke Energy Corporation, the largest utility in the United States, pleaded guilty to nine criminal violations of the Clean Water Act at several of its North Carolina facilities and agreed to pay a $68-million criminal fine and spend $34-million on environmental projects and land conservation to benefit rivers and wetlands in North Carolina and Virginia.

2015 195

Nostrum Energy introducing new high-flow K-DI direct injectors, in-cylinder water injector and dilute combustion system

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In addition to the kinetic colliding jet injectors, Nostrum will showcase a direct in-cylinder water injector and intake track water injector, plus its dilute combustion system, the “Nostrum Cycle”, at Engine Expo – Novi 2015. Nostrum’s direct in-cylinder and intake track water injectors for advanced dilute combustion systems with gasoline, natural gas and diesel engines.

2015 186

BMW: Water Injection Can Boost Power And Cut Fuel Consumption

Green Car Reports

Electric cars and hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles may get a lot of attention, but every carmaker is still searching for ways to improve the fuel efficiency of internal-combustion engines. At its Innovation Days 2015 event in Miramas, France, BMW showed off one of several new technologies it's working on to reduce fuel consumption in its future. Fuel Economy

2015 117

International team sequences Eucalyptus genome; potential for improving biofuel and biomaterial production

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An international team of researchers has sequenced the genome of the eucalyptus tree ( Eucalyptus grandis ) and published the analysis in an open access paper in the journal Nature. The international effort to sequence and analyze the genome of Eucalyptus grandis engaged more than 80 researchers from 30 institutions, representing 18 countries.

2014 193

MIT engineers develop process that can treat produced water from gas wells at relatively low cost

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A new desalination process developed by engineers at MIT could treat produced water—deep water, often heavily laden with salts and minerals—from natural gas wells at relatively low cost. The new technology is described in a series of papers recently published in three journals: the International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer , Applied Energy and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers’ AIChE Journal.

2013 188

Study Finds Water Footprint for Bioenergy Larger Than Other Forms of Energy; Bioelectricity the Smallest, Biodiesel the Largest

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Total weighted global average water footprints (blue and green) for major ethanol and biodiesel crops in m 3 water per GJ fuel. The red marker (right axis) indicates liters of water required to produce one liter of fuel. In general they found that bioelectricity is more water-efficient than first-generation biofuels (due largely to the ability to use the entire biomass to produce energy, rather than just the starch or oil fraction of the yield for liquid fuel production).

2009 150

Utah Water Quality Board upholds issuance of permit for oil sands mine in Utah

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The Utah Water Quality Board, in a 9-2 vote this week, agreed with the August 2012 recommendations of an administrative law judge (ALJ) upholding a permit-by-rule issued by the Division of Water Quality (DWQ) for the proposed PR Spring an oil sands mine on state land in eastern Utah. USOS claims that its extraction process is effective on both oil-wet deposits such as found in the US and internationally, as well as water-wet deposits such as found in Canada’s Athabasca region.

Utah 188

BNL Researchers develop low-cost, efficient, non-noble metal electrocatalyst to produce hydrogen from water

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A team of researchers led by Dr. James Muckerman at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) have developed a new class of high-activity, low-cost, non-noble metal electrocatalyst that generates hydrogen gas from water. Splitting water (H 2 O) into oxygen (O 2 ) and hydrogen (H 2 ), requires external electricity and an efficient catalyst to break chemical bonds while shifting around protons and electrons.

Lehr to introduce propane-fueled outboard engine at the Miami International Boat Show

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Benefits of the propane engine include: Up to 50% lower fuel cost and more cost effective to use and maintain; No gasoline polluting the water; No ethanol or fuel related issues; Zero evaporative emissions; and. Lehr, Inc., a company that patented the use of propane canisters to fuel small engines, is introducing the first OEM marine outboard engines that run on propane.

Miami 212

NPL novel reference electrode shows that cathode, not anode, is source of potential decay in PEM water electrolyzers

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Scientists from the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) in the UK have developed a novel reference electrode for polymer electrolyte membrane water electrolyzers (PEMWEs) and used it to measure the electrochemical surface area (ECSA) of Pt catalysts in situ for the first time. While internationally-recognised accelerated stress tests exist for PEM fuel cells, there are no equivalent protocols for PEM electrolyzers.

2015 198