Japan team evaluates battery-assisted low-cost hydrogen production from solar energy

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Researchers from Japan’s NIMS (National Institute for Materials Science), the University of Tokyo and Hiroshima University have jointly conducted a techno-economic analysis for hydrogen production from photovoltaic power generation (PV) utilizing a battery-assisted electrolyzer. For comparison, the US DOE’s 2020 target for the levelized cost of hydrogen (production only) is $2.30/kg. The findings are published in a paper in the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.

2019 319

Ricardo’s low-cost, fuel-efficient automatic transmission concept for motorcycles

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Ricardo has developed and demonstrated an advanced and cost-effective motorcycle Automated Manual Transmission (AMT) concept that offers the comfort and convenience of automatic and semi-automatic operation with better-than-manual fuel efficiency. Other than the ubiquitous CVTs of scooters, and the specialist hydrostatic and Dual Clutch Transmissions (DCTs) used on some premium or specialist products, motorcycles around the world are almost universally fitted with manual transmissions.

2016 192
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Researchers demonstrate use of 3D printing to produce and operate light-weight, low-cost electrolyzers

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A team at the University of Glasgow has demonstrated the production and operation of a PEM electrolyzer constructed from silver-coated 3D-printed components fabricated from polypropylene. The use of 3D printing allows construction of light-weight, low-cost electrolyzers and the rapid prototyping of flow field design. reported that the bipolar plate assembly is the highest cost component in the stack, representing nearly 40% of the overall cost.

2014 221

BNL Researchers develop low-cost, efficient, non-noble metal electrocatalyst to produce hydrogen from water

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A team of researchers led by Dr. James Muckerman at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) have developed a new class of high-activity, low-cost, non-noble metal electrocatalyst that generates hydrogen gas from water. Platinum is the gold standard for electrocatalysis, combining low overpotential with high activity for the chemical reactions in water-splitting.

2012 234

Ford concentrates on control strategies for low-cost start-stop system for Fusion

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In a recently published paper with colleagues from RWTH Aachen University and Digatron Industrie-Elektronik GmbH, Eckhard Karden of Ford Research and Advanced Engineering Europe noted that: Stop-start and regenerative braking are the hybridization features used for micro-hybrids, while avoiding the need for a high volt (above 60V) electric motor and traction battery. The new Ford Fusion will be the first non-hybrid Ford vehicle available in the US with Auto Start-Stop. Earlier post.)

2012 218

MIT engineers develop process that can treat produced water from gas wells at relatively low cost

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A new desalination process developed by engineers at MIT could treat produced water—deep water, often heavily laden with salts and minerals—from natural gas wells at relatively low cost. The new technology is described in a series of papers recently published in three journals: the International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer , Applied Energy and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers’ AIChE Journal.

2013 185

Sandia team boosts hydrogen production activity by molybdenum disulfide four-fold; low-cost catalyst for solar-driven water splitting

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A team led by researchers from Sandia National Laboratories has shown that molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ), exfoliated with lithiation intercalation to change its physical structure, performs as well as the best state-of-the-art catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) but at a significantly lower cost. Nevertheless, because of the scarcity and cost of Pt, a more abundant alternative is needed for cost-effective implementation.

2015 184

International consortium working on new sensor technology to measure real-world, in-use vehicle emissions

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As part of the Horizon 2020 research project CARES (City Air Remote Emission Sensing), an international research consortium is working on new contactless exhaust measurement methods that will enable municipalities to take emission-reducing measures. —Alexander Bergmann, head of the Institute of Electronic Sensor Systems at Graz University of Technology. TU Graz (Institute of Electronic Sensor Systems; Institute of Internal Combustion Engines and Thermodynamics; AT).

2019 204

Controlled Power Technologies and Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium to unveil LC Super Hybrid at Geneva show; low-cost “micro-mild” demonstrator

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The LC Super Hybrid, conceived by Controlled Power Technologies (CPT) and the Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) to show that significant CO 2 reduction can be achieved through electric hybridization at low voltages (12-48 volts) using the latest lead-carbon batteries, will make its world debut at the Geneva Motor Show. The demonstrator further develops AVL’s efficient low carbon ELC concept ( earlier post ). The LC Super Hybrid demonstrator. Click to enlarge.

NIST, partners create new international standard to improve sustainable manufacturing

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A public-private team led by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has created a new international standard that can “map” the critically important environmental aspects of manufacturing processes, leading to significant improvements in sustainability while keeping a product’s life cycle low cost and efficient.

2016 150

University of Tennessee to head $250M advanced composites manufacturing institute; Ford, Honda and Volkswagen members

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The Department of Energy and a consortium of 122 companies, nonprofits, and universities led by the University of Tennessee-Knoxville will invest more than $250 million—$70 million in federal funds and more than $180 million in non-federal funds—to launch a Manufacturing Innovation Institute for Advanced Composites—the fifth institute to be awarded of the eight national institute competitions launched earlier ( earlier post ).

2015 200

Univ. of Queensland to Lead International Algae Aviation Biofuel Research Project

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The University of Queensland, Australia will host and lead a international research consortium focused on developing renewable aviation fuel from algae. International partners include Boeing, Virgin Blue and Amyris. Queensland partners in the Sustainable Aviation Fuel Initiative, in addition to the University, include Mackay Sugar, Brisbane-based IOR Energy, James Cook University and Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries.

2010 191

U-M and Shanghai Jiao Tong University fund new round of 6 energy and biomedical projects; Li-S batteries

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The University of Michigan (U-M) and Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) have selected six research teams to share $1.05 Goal: To develop next-generation high-energy density batteries to help bring about low-cost and safe electric vehicles with driving ranges well above 250 miles. Goal: To enable broader use of biofuels in advanced internal combustion engines.

2011 191

University of Florida IFAS, Buckeye Technologies and Myriant Partner on Research and Demonstration Cellulosic Biorefinery

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The University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF IFAS), and Myriant Technologies LLC (formed by BioEnergy International, LLC) are planning a research and demonstration plant that will explore ways to harness byproducts from some of the most promising cellulosic ethanol techniques to make bio-derived versions of petroleum products. The project will seek to combine several technologies developed by Dr. Lonnie Ingram at the University of Florida.

2009 150

Univ. of Michigan and Shanghai Jiao Tong University Team Up On Li-Air Batteries, 5 Other Renewable Energy and Biomedical Technology Projects

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The University of Michigan and Shanghai Jiao Tong University are awarding a joint research team $200,000 to support a project investigating high-capacity Li-air batteries for electric vehicle applications. The goal of the Li-air project is to combine experiments and computational modeling to identify optimal cathode catalysts for Li-air batteries that could power low-cost electric vehicles with a driving range comparable to today’s gasoline-powered vehicles.

2010 170

Argonne and Hanyang University Develop New High-Energy Cathode Material With Improved Thermal Stability; Good Fit for PHEV Applications

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A new high-energy cathode material that can greatly increase the safety and extend the life-span of future lithium-ion batteries has been developed through the close international collaboration of researchers led by the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and Hanyang University in South Korea. Typically most oxide cathodes have a uniform composition throughout each particle, and offer low capacity and high surface reactivity with the electrolyte.

2009 161

DOE awarding $35M to 11 projects for hydrokinetic turbine development; ARPA-E SHARKS

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Hydrokinetic energy is an abundant renewable resource that can boost grid resiliency and reduce infrastructure vulnerability, but it is currently a cost prohibitive option compared to other energy generating sources. The University of Michigan. University of Washington.

2020 339

Niobium anode startup Echion closes £10M A-round

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Echion Technologies, a spin-off from the University of Cambridge developing niobium oxide-based materials for anodes, has closed a £10-million (US$13.8 Low cost.

McMaster switched reluctance motor spinout Enedym closes $15M funding round

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Enedym, a switched reluctance motor (SRM) spinout from McMaster University, closed a $15-million financing round from an international group of strategic investors within the US, Canada, Europe, and India, including P&A Paletta Giving Inc., —Karen Mossman, McMaster University’s vice-president, research. The Enedym team has developed a disruptive way to design electric motors at a fraction of the time and cost of existing methods.

Motor 260

DOE awarding more than $50M to 15 projects to advance critical material innovations

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Projects selected under this funding opportunity announcement will reduce both the costs of critical materials and the environmental impacts of production. Eleven projects were selected under this topic to develop early to mid-stage R&D alternative, cost-competitive technologies for upstream extraction and midstream separation and processing of critical materials key to energy technologies. Partners: Harper International, Phillips66.

EU research project IDEALFUEL seeks to develop marine low-sulfur heavy fuel oils from biomass; Bio-HFO

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In an EU-funded research project, an international consortium is aiming to develop new production methods for sustainable marine fuels to replace heavy fuel oils in shipping. The IDEALFUEL project aims to create sustainable alternatives by developing new efficient and low-cost methods to produce low-sulfur heavy fuel oils from wood-based non-food biomass. Although cleaner fuels are available, many companies opt for HFOs due to their low cost.

2020 228

ARPA-E awarding $33M to 10 projects for natural gas pipeline retrofitting: REPAIR

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REPAIR teams will develop technology that enables gas utilities to update their distribution systems at low cost and continue to reliably service commercial and residential gas delivery needs nationwide. REPAIR teams are developing technologies to address deficiencies while also working toward a 10-to-20-times reduction in cost per mile. University of Colorado, Boulder. University of Maryland. Carnegie Mellon University. University of Pittsburgh.

2020 244

DOE announces $139M in funding for 55 projects to advance innovative vehicle technologies

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The Research Foundation for The SUNY Stony Brook University. University of Delaware. University of Maryland. Rationally Designed Lithium Ion Batteries Towards Displacing Internal Combustion Engines. Ultra-Low Volume Change Silicon-Dominant Nanocomposite Anodes for Long Calendar Life and Cycle Life. AOI 02: Low Cost Electric Traction Drive Systems Using No Heavy Rare Earth Materials. Marquette University. Washington State University.

2020 203

Global study shows uneven urbanization among large cities in the last two decades

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21 cities (2.5%) from low-income countries (e.g. Credit: The University of Hong Kong. The world has experienced significant urbanization in recent decades. According to the latest report from the United Nations (UN), the global population in 2018 was 7.6

Global 348

Cranfield: switching from aluminum to zinc alloys could greatly improve longevity and sustainability of automotive parts

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A new study by researchers at Cranfield University in the UK finds that switching from aluminum to zinc alloys in the production of automotive parts could greatly enhance their longevity and sustainability. Over recent years aluminum alloys have been favored by the automotive manufacturing industry for their lightweight properties and lower cost. Aluminum has become the favored material of the automotive industry for its lightweight properties and comparatively low cost.

2020 186

€12M Current Direct project seeks to support marine electrification with swappable containerized battery system

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Current Direct , a new €12-million research and innovation project funded by the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 program, is proposing an innovative lithium-ion cell optimized for waterborne transport, using novel manufacturing techniques allowing for a consistent cost reduction compared to the current market prices. Additionally, a swappable containerized energy storage system optimized for cost and operation in the waterborne transport industry will be developed.

ARPA-E awarding $60M to 23 projects; dry cooling and fusion power

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The projects are funded through ARPA-E’s two newest programs, Advanced Research In Dry cooling (ARID) and Accelerating Low-cost Plasma Heating and Assembly (ALPHA), which both seek to develop low-cost technology solutions. If successful, these new cooling technologies could significantly reduce water usage at thermoelectric plants without sacrificing a plant’s performance or increasing its cooling costs. University of Missouri, Lehigh University, and Evapco).

2015 229

Baker Institute expert says regional advantages will define future energy transitions

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Different countries will respond in different ways to the challenges of economic growth and environmental sustainability based upon their regional advantages, according to a new paper by an expert in the Center for Energy Studies at Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy. Only by recognizing regionally distinct comparative advantages will least-cost outcomes be achieved.

2020 170

Stanford scientists identify new Li-B-S solid electrolyte materials that boost lithium-ion battery performance

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Stanford University scientists have identified a new solid-state Li-ion electrolyte predicted to exhibit simultaneously fast ionic conductivity, wide electrochemical stability, low cost, and low mass density. S system also has a low elemental cost of approximately 0.05

2020 326

BioSolar extends agreement with UCSB for further development of novel polymer cathode; projecting up to 459 Wh/kg and $54/kWh for Li-ion cells

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has signed an agreement to extend the funding of a sponsored research program at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), to further develop its “super battery” technology—a novel polymer cathode that leverages fast redox-reaction properties rather than conventional lithium-ion intercalation chemistry to enable rapid charge and discharge. doubling the range of a Tesla, and costing four times less. High energy, low cost. Startup BioSolar, Inc.

2015 214

DOE awards nearly $55M to advance fuel efficient vehicle technologies in support of EV Everywhere and SuperTruck

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Sixteen projects are aimed at reducing the cost and improving the performance of key PEV components. This project will develop a low cost, ultra-compact power module using innovative integrated-cooling to increase power density, improve performance, and reduce cost. Vehma International of America. Clemson University. The Curators of The University of Missouri. Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois. The University of Alabama.

2015 267

ARPA-E selects 13 projects for $30M in awards to advance natural gas vehicle technologies

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Topping the award list is Ford Motor Company, with a $5.5-million award to engineer an adsorbed natural gas storage system utilizing a novel external framework and internal porous materials. Electromechanics - University of Texas at Austin. The University of Texas at Austin will develop an at-home. parts, leading to a more reliable, lighter, and cost effective. University. Colorado State University will develop a vehicle-based natural. International.

2012 196

DOE to award ~$13.5M to 16 R&D projects for solid-oxide fuel cell technologies

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million in federal funding for cost-shared research and development (R&D) projects that will advance solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technologies. SOFC technologies enable efficient, cost-effective electricity generation from abundant domestic coal and natural gas resources, with minimal use of water and near-zero atmospheric emissions of carbon dioxide and pollutants. Cost reduction via improvements in materials and manufacturing.

2018 163

Snam and RINA team up to accelerate the development of hydrogen sector

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From a presentation given by Faith Birol, Executive Director, International Energy Agency, on hydrogen’s role in tackling energy and climate challenges. Italy and its companies have the opportunity to pioneer this approach at an international level.

2020 326

DOE to award $10.2M to 16 solid oxide fuel cell projects

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The applied research projects will address the technical issues facing the cost and reliability of SOFC technology and conduct field testing of an integrated prototype system project intended to validate the solutions to those issues. The prototype SOFC power system will incorporate current technologies and operate under a range of environmental conditions for at least 5,000 hours to assess progress of system durability, performance, and operating cost. Boston University.

2017 150

ARPA-E announces $36M for high-temperature materials projects

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Durable and affordable higher-temperature heat exchangers could make energy conversion much more efficient, which in turn could reduce fuel consumption, system footprint, capital and operational cost, and emissions. HITEMMP projects include: Michigan State University. It features a plate-type heat exchanger that enables lower cost, powder-based manufacturing. Missouri University of Science and Technology. Michigan Technological University.

2019 184

President Obama announces two new public-private manufacturing innovation institutes; new manufacturing innovation institute competition

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President Obama announced two new manufacturing innovation institutes led by the Department of Defense supported by a $140-million Federal commitment combined with more than $140 million in non-federal resources: (1) a Detroit-area-headquartered consortium of businesses and universities, with a focus on lightweight and modern metals manufacturing; and (2) a Chicago-headquartered consortium of businesses and universities that will concentrate on digital manufacturing and design technologies.

2014 212

DOE’s Manufacturing Institute to award $35M to support R&D in recycling, reuse and remanufacturing

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Drawing on both fundamental and applied research capabilities within National Labs, universities, and industry, the Plastics Innovation Challenge accelerates innovations that will significantly reduce plastic waste in oceans and landfills and position the US as global leaders in advanced plastics recycling technologies. REMADE envisions awarding approximately $35 million in support of these projects, with a minimum 50% cost share required from each team.

2020 184

ARPA-E awards $16M to 8 projects developing distributed generation systems; solid-oxide fuel-cell/engine hybrids

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The INTEGRATE program seeks to achieve this unprecedented efficiency level at an attractive cost by developing fuel cell and engine hybrid system concepts and enabling technologies. Funded projects are: Colorado School of Mines; High Efficiency, Low Cost & Robust Hybrid SOFC/IC Engine Power Generator – $3,006,864. With this design, the team hopes to achieve robust operation with high efficiency and low capital costs.

2018 150

Novel pathway for aviation fuel from food waste–derived volatile fatty acids (VFA) could lead to 70% blends, up to 165% reduction in GHG

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Wet waste is a low-cost, prevalent feedstock with the energy potential to displace over 20% of US jet fuel consumption; however, its complexity and high moisture typically relegates its use to methane production from anaerobic digestion.

Waste 222

FEV and SEG develop 48V mild hybrid Mercedes AMG A45 demonstrator

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This requires only minor modifications of the powertrain and therefore entails comparatively low costs. The concept vehicle, which FEV developed in cooperation with SEG Automotive and the Chair of Internal Combustion Engines at RWTH Aachen University, uses a 48V BRM in combination with an electric compressor to significantly improve responsiveness, efficiency and comfort. This is particularly noticeable driving off after a stop or at low rpms.

2018 210

New ceramic materials for hydrogen storage

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Engineers at the University of California, San Diego, have created new ceramic materials that could be used to store hydrogen safely and efficiently. They also have demonstrated that the compounds could be manufactured using a simple, low-cost manufacturing method known as combustion synthesis. The researchers presented their work in March 2014 at the third International Symposium on Nanoscience and Nanomaterials in Mexico.

2014 195

Stanford’s GCEP awards $10.5M for research on renewable energy; solar cells, batteries, renewable fuels and bioenergy

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The Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP) at Stanford University has awarded $10.5 The new funding will be shared by six Stanford research teams and an international group from the United States and Europe. The mineral perovskite is a promising, low-cost material for enhancing the efficiency of silicon solar cells. efficiency, low-cost silicon solar cells.

2014 196