Ricardo advances hydrogen engine; testing prototype at University of Brighton

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Ricardo will be testing the prototype at the engine development facility at the University of Brighton—the company’s long-term combustion engine research partner.

Photocatalytic optical fibers convert water into hydrogen

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Researchers at the University of Southampton have transformed optical fibers into photocatalytic microreactors that convert water into hydrogen fuel using solar energy. Zepler Institute, University of Southampton.

2020 301
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Novel inexpensive cobalt-nickel electrode for efficient water and urea electrolysis; yolk-shell nanoparticles

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Electrolytic hydrogen production powered by renewable energy is seen as an environmentally friendly means to ameliorate global climate and energy problems. Both half reactions of water electrolysis—hydrogen and oxygen evolution—are unfortunately slow and require a lot of power.

Water 330

Cambridge study finds globalized economy making water, energy and land insecurity worse

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The first large-scale study of the risks that countries face from dependence on water, energy and land resources has found that globalization may be decreasing, rather than increasing, the security of global supply chains. Researchers from the University of Cambridge used macroeconomic data to quantify these pressures. Globalization allows companies to make their products almost anywhere in the world in order to keep costs down.

2020 159

Eagle Graphite and University of British Columbia partner on development of silicon-modified anodes

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The University of British Columbia’s (UBC) Advanced Materials for Energy Storage Lab, under the leadership of Dr. Jian Liu, is the project’s research lead during the initial stages. Flake graphite accounts for approximately 40% of global natural graphite supply. Potential North American graphite consumption for electric vehicles is expected to grow by as much as 93,000 tpy by 2020—roughly equivalent to 25% of estimated global flake graphite production of 375,000 tpy for 2013.

Griffith researchers enhance catalytic activity for water splitting

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In an open-acess paper published in Nature Communications , Griffith University (Australia) researchers report having enhanced the catalytic activity of CoSe 2 for oxygen evolution in water splitting by incorporating both Fe dopants and Co vacancies into atomically thin CoSe 2 nanobelts. Australia’s National Hydrogen Strategy (2019) aims to establish Australia’s hydrogen industry as a major global player by 2030.

2020 167

Nielsen global survey finds concerns about climate change slipping behind concerns over other environmental issues; air and water pollution top worries, pesticide use #3

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Other environmental concerns have pushed ahead of climate change on a global average basis. Concern about climate change/global warming among online consumers around the world took a back-seat to other environmental issues such as air and water pollution, water shortages, packaging waste and use of pesticides, according to Nielsen’s 2011 Global Online Environment & Sustainability Survey of more than 25,000 Internet respondents in 51 countries.

IBM opens first global research lab in Africa; smarter cities with focus on water and transportation

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IBM is opening its 12 th global research lab, and its first in Africa. Key research areas that will be explored by IBM Research - Africa include: Smarter Cities – with initial focus on water and transportation: Rates of urbanization in Africa are the highest in the world. The single biggest challenge facing African cities is improving access to and quality of city services such as water and transportation, according to IBM.

2012 186

Bath University and SAIC Motor team up to investigate gasoline particulate filter performance

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The University of Bath and SAIC Motor UK Technical Centre are collaborating on a project to identify the most efficient conditions for the optimum performance of gasoline particulate filters (GPFs), to help minimize vehicle impact on the environment. The ‘GPF Burn rate and Low Temperature Reactivity’ project will last 14 months and utilize the University’s state of the art Chassis Dynamometer in its Centre for Low Emission Vehicle Research (CLEVeR).

2018 200

Study Finds Stratospheric Water Vapor Is An Important Driver of Decadal Global Surface Climate Change

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Decadal warming rates arising from (i) greenhouse gases and aerosols alone (black); (ii) that obtained including the stratospheric water decline after 2000 (red); and (iii) including both the stratospheric water vapor decline after 2000 and the increase in the 1980s and 1990s (cyan). These findings show that stratospheric water vapor represents an important driver of decadal global surface climate change. Stratospheric water vapor and radiative processes.

Researchers discover new efficient lithium collection method using MOF membranes; Li from produced water

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Researchers at the University of Texas at Austin, Monash University (Australia) and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) in Australia have recently discovered a new, efficient way to extract lithium and other metals and minerals from water. The membrane process easily and efficiently separates metal ions, opening the door to new advanced technologies in the water and mining industries and potential economic growth opportunities in Texas.

2018 163

Ocean Salinities Show an Intensified Water Cycle; Large Salinity Changes Will Eventually Influence Ocean Circulation

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A new study co-authored by CSIRO (Australia) scientists Paul Durack and Dr. Susan Wijffels finds evidence that the world’s water cycle has already intensified. The stronger water cycle means arid regions have become drier and high rainfall regions wetter as atmospheric temperature increases. The period of analysis extends from 1950-2008, taking care to minimize the aliasing associated with the seasonal and major global El Niño Southern Oscillation modes.

2010 194

UMD-led study: road salts and other human sources are threatening world’s freshwater supplies

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Kaushal and his team named these cascading effects of introduced salts Freshwater Salinization Syndrome, and it can poison drinking water and cause negative effects on human health, agriculture, infrastructure, wildlife and the stability of ecosystems. trends in freshwaters globally.

Ecoclean cuts BMW engine plant robot cell power and water consumption by ~30%

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At the BWM Group’s engine plant in Steyr (Austria), in a reference project accompanied by the Technical University of Vienna, Ecoclean Monschau (formerly Dürr Ecoclean) has significantly raised the energy efficiency of a. The system’s electric power and water consumption were each cut by. Water consumption in particular was too. focus on factors such as the water consumption, cleaning agent input, electricity demand, and the consumption of.

2017 163

Researcher urges more effort on assessment of land and water impacts of oil sands production; reference point for other unconventional fuels

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Bitumen production from the Canadian oil sands provides a point of reference that could be used to observe and better manage the land and water impacts of a rapid transition to unconventional fuels, suggests Dr. Sarah Jordaan of the Energy Technology Innovation Policy Research Group, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University. The two types of bitumen production—surface mining and thermal in situ production—have different land and water impacts.

University of Nebraska-Lincoln leading $13.5M effort to improve sorghum for biofuel

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The University of Nebraska-Lincoln will lead a $13.5-million, multi-institutional research effort to improve sorghum as a sustainable source for biofuel production. Funded by the US Department of Energy, this five-year grant takes a comprehensive approach to better understand how plants and microbes interact, and to learn which sorghum germplasm grows better with less water and nitrogen. You also don’t want to use a ton of water or fertilizer to keep the system productive.

New ORNL tool to assess global freshwater stress suggests that population growth could be a bigger factor in water availability than increasing temperatures

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Our work establishes a new method to couple geographic information system data with global climate outputs and statistical analysis. Our tool provides a simple method to integrate disparate climate and population data sources and develop preliminary per capita water availability projections at a global scale. At that time, it was unusual to integrate population, climate and water data into one model.

2012 200

NSF announces $55M toward national research priorities; intersection of food, energy and water systems

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The National Science Foundation (NSF) has made 11 awards totaling $55 million aimed at building research capacity to develop new innovations at the intersection of food, energy and water systems and to address fundamental questions about the brain. Research at the nexus of food, energy and water. Montana State University. Murray State University. Studies will focus on identifying the presence, extent and timing of harmful algal blooms as they relate to water quality.

2016 150

University of Tennessee to head $250M advanced composites manufacturing institute; Ford, Honda and Volkswagen members

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The Department of Energy and a consortium of 122 companies, nonprofits, and universities led by the University of Tennessee-Knoxville will invest more than $250 million—$70 million in federal funds and more than $180 million in non-federal funds—to launch a Manufacturing Innovation Institute for Advanced Composites—the fifth institute to be awarded of the eight national institute competitions launched earlier ( earlier post ).

2015 196

Berkeley team develops host-guest nanowires for efficient water splitting and solar energy storage

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The team reports on their host-guest system of Ta:TiO 2 |BiVO 4 as a photoanode for use in solar water splitting cells in an open-access paper in the journal ACS Central Science. The host–guest nanowire architecture allows for simultaneously high light absorption and carrier collection efficiency for efficient solar water oxidation. Harnessing energy from sunlight is a means of meeting the large global energy demand in a cost-effective and environmentally benign manner.

2016 174

DOE awards up to $40M for open-water, grid-connected wave energy testing facility

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced the award of up to $40 million, subject to appropriations, to design, permit, and construct an open-water, grid-connected national wave energy testing facility. The facility will be constructed in Newport, Oregon, by the Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center at Oregon State University and will support innovations in wave energy technologies capable of harnessing the significant wave energy resources along United States coastlines.

2016 163

Clean water company Ostara raises $14.5M for major expansion

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a clean water company that recovers phosphorus and nitrogen from industrial and municipal wastewaters to create premium fertilizers, completed a US$14.5-million private equity financing. Led by VantagePoint Capital Partners, a global investor in energy innovation and efficiency, the financing also included existing Ostara investor, London-based Frog Capital and a group of new investors including Waste Resources Fund L.P., Ostara Nutrient Recovery Technologies Inc.,

2012 191

GE and Berkeley Lab developing water-based high energy density flow battery for EVs

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Conceptual design of a water-based flow battery GE scientists are researching as part of ARPA-E’s RANGE program. Researchers from GE and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) are developing a water-based flow battery targeted at EVs. The system uses water-based solutions of inorganic chemicals that are capable of transferring more than one electron, providing high-energy density.

2013 224

Researchers demonstrate electrochemical synthesis of ammonia from air and water under mild conditions

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Researchers from the University of Strathclyde and the University of St. Globally 131 million tons of ammonia were produced in 2010. Globally 245 million tons of CO 2 were released by the ammonia industry in 2010 equivalent to about 50% of the UK CO 2 emissions (495.8 is well known that some higher plants can synthesize ammonia or its derivatives directly from air and water at room temperature.

2013 220

Stanford team reports new low-cost, non-precious metal catalyst for water splitting with performance close to platinum

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Researchers at Stanford University, with colleagues at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and other institutions, have developed a nickel-based electrocatalyst for low-cost water-splitting for hydrogen production with performance close to that of much more expensive commercial platinum electrocatalysts. This marked the first time anyone has used non-precious metal catalysts to split water at a voltage that low, he added. Pennycook, University of Tennessee.

2014 224

EPIC index finds air pollution reduces global life expectancy by 1.8 years; single greatest threat to human health

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Fossil fuel-driven particulate air pollution cuts global average life expectancy by 1.8 years per person, according to a new pollution index and accompanying report produced by the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC). —Michael Greenstone, the Milton Friedman Professor in Economics and director of the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC). Seventy-five percent of the global population, or 5.5

2018 246

Study Finds Water Footprint for Bioenergy Larger Than Other Forms of Energy; Bioelectricity the Smallest, Biodiesel the Largest

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Total weighted global average water footprints (blue and green) for major ethanol and biodiesel crops in m 3 water per GJ fuel. The yellow marker (also left axis) indicates the total weighted global average WF for bioelectricity from the same crops. The red marker (right axis) indicates liters of water required to produce one liter of fuel. Gray WF: volume of water that becomes polluted during production.

2009 150

BASF and leading Asian universities establish joint research network targeting functional materials for the automotive and other industries

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BASF has established the research initiative “Network for Advanced Materials Open Research” ( NAO ) together with seven leading universities and research institutes in China, Japan and South Korea. The scientists aim to cooperate in developing new materials for a wide range of applications, with an initial focus on products for the automotive, construction, detergent and cleaners industries as well as the water and wind energy industries.

2014 186

BNL Researchers develop low-cost, efficient, non-noble metal electrocatalyst to produce hydrogen from water

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A team of researchers led by Dr. James Muckerman at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) have developed a new class of high-activity, low-cost, non-noble metal electrocatalyst that generates hydrogen gas from water. Splitting water (H 2 O) into oxygen (O 2 ) and hydrogen (H 2 ), requires external electricity and an efficient catalyst to break chemical bonds while shifting around protons and electrons.

2012 229

EPFL/Technion team develops “champion” nanostructures for efficient solar water-splitting to produce hydrogen

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Fe 2 O 3 (hematite) electrodes that achieve the highest photocurrent of any metal oxide photoanode for photoelectrochemical water-splitting under 100?mW?cm global sunlight. Warren, first author, now at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Leroy, Maurin Cornuz, Francesco Stellacci, Cécile Hébert, Avner Rothschild and Michael Grätzel (2013) Identifying champion nanostructures for solar water-splitting.

2013 194

Report Finds Water Stress Rapidly Becoming Key Strategic Risk to Commerce; Impending Water/Energy Collision

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Water consumption or withdrawals per unit of energy produced, by energy type, in the United States. Among the increasing challenges is that while the sourcing, processing, and delivery of clean water is becoming more energy-intensive, the extraction and refining of fossil fuels and their substitutes is trending towards increasing water requirements per unit of fuel produced as energy companies work with progressively lower grade resources. Sectoral Water Risks.

2009 150

Agilent Technologies and University of Houston collaborate to advance petroleum research

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and the University of Houston will work together to further understanding of the geology and composition of crude oil. The state-of-the-art instruments that Agilent is furnishing through this collaborative effort will allow the research teams at the University of Houston to move to the forefront of their research areas by generating data that has not been available to them until now. —Wayne Collins, global energy manager, Agilent. Agilent Technologies Inc.

Duke study finds methane levels 17x higher in water wells near hydrofracking sites

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A study by Duke University researchers has found evidence of methane contamination of drinking water associated with shale-gas extraction via directional drilling and hydraulic-fracturing technologies. In their analysis of water samples from 68 private groundwater wells across five counties in northeastern Pennsylvania and New York, the team found. high levels of methane in well water collected near shale-gas drilling and hydrofracking sites.

2011 191

Study finds climate impact of hydropower varies widely

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However, it too needs to be low impact to be useful in meeting global deep decarbonization goals. Given the limited data on the annual cycle of direct hydropower emissions globally and its potential importance in impacting climate change, there is a need for collecting more comprehensive data on greenhouse gas emissions from hydropower reservoirs to reduce uncertainty and fully understand the climate implications of hydropower.

2019 180

Sasol and University of Pretoria Collaborating on Synthetic Fuel Research

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A research collaboration between South Africa-based Sasol and the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering at the University of Pretoria (UP) has led to the commissioning of high-tech equipment to gain better insights into the properties and performance of synthetic diesel fuels. This program was initiated a few years ago and is already successfully established, using the framework of a hub-and-spoke collaboration philosophy, at several SA Universities.

2010 159

Researchers find bio-inspired high-tech surfaces on hulls could greatly reduce drag and CO2 emissions of ships; up to 1% of global CO2

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If ship hulls were coated with special bo-inspired high-tech air trapping materials, up to 1% of global CO 2 emissions could be avoided according to a new study by researchers from the University of Bonn together with colleagues from St. The main reason for this is the high degree of drag between hull and water, which constantly slows the ship down. Our partners at Rostock University later achieved a 30-percent reduction with another material developed by us.

2019 200

Consortium proposes large-scale industrial cultivation of marine microalgae (ICCM) as solution to global energy, food, and climate issues

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Members of the Marine Algae Industrialization Consortium (MAGIC), led by Duke University in North Carolina, have published an open-access paper in the journal Oceanography presenting the large-scale industrial cultivation of marine microalgae (ICMM) as an answer to pressing global energy, food and climate security issues. Climate, energy, and food security are three of the most important global challenges society faces during the twenty-first century.

2016 229

U of Birmingham scientists launch project to tackle global clean cold challenge

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Scientists from the University of Birmingham launched a major research project to investigate how “clean cold” could help to achieve almost all of the United Nations’ (UN) global Sustainable Development Goals. The 17 Global Goals include abolishing poverty and hunger; providing good healthcare and education; raising peoples’ quality of life; and cleaning up the environment, while promoting economic growth. Clean cold is, therefore, central to achieving the Global Goals.

2017 163

UCLA/LLNL study concludes most climate models overestimate increase in global precipitation due to climate change

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UCLA and Lawrence Livermore researchers have found that most climate models overestimate the increase in global precipitation due to climate change. The team found global precipitation increase per degree of global warming at the end of the 21 st century may be about 40% smaller than what the models, on average, currently predict. The absorption of sunlight by water vapor is vital to understand future global precipitation changes.

2015 150

Study: expanding Brazilian sugarcane for ethanol could reduce global CO2 emissions by up to 5.6%

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Vastly expanding sugarcane production in Brazil for conversion to ethanol could reduce current global CO 2 emissions by as much as 5.6%, according to a new study by an international team led by researchers from the University of Illinois. of net CO 2 emission globally relative to data for 2014.

2017 150

IBM and University of Guadalajara create Smarter Cities Exploration Center; transportation pilot seeks to reduce commuting time in city by 15%

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IBM and the University of Guadalajara (UdeG) in Mexico have created a Smarter Cities Exploration Center. Supported by technical and intellectual guidance of IBM’s global research lab experts, the Center will be the first of its kind in Latin America, tasked with the mission to design solutions to tackle infrastructure challenges faced by Guadalajara—Mexico’s second-largest city—and other cities around the world.

2011 267

Study projects thermoelectric power in Europe and US vulnerable to climate change due to lower summer river flows and higher river water temperatures

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nuclear and fossil-fueled generating units) in Europe and the United States are vulnerable to climate change due to the combined impacts of lower summer river flows and higher river water temperatures. In the US and Europe, at present 91% and 78% of the total electricity is produced by thermoelectric power plants, which directly depend on the availability and temperature of water resources for cooling. Compared to other water use sectors (e.g.

Lancet Commission report estimates pollution responsible for 9 million premature deaths globally in 2015; 16% of deaths

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Pollution is the largest environmental cause of disease and premature death in the world today, according to the newly released report detailing the adverse effects of pollution on global health by the The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health. Pollution in low-income and middle-income countries that is caused by industrial emissions, vehicular exhaust, and toxic chemicals has particularly been overlooked in both the international development and the global health agendas.

2017 174