University of Surrey launches global research center on air pollution

Green Car Congress

The University of Surrey is launching a new multi-disciplinary research center next week to tackle air pollution. The Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) will see the University leading on collaborative, cutting-edge research to identify an action plan to ensure “clean air for all”. The Air Quality Lab (AQL) is housed with advanced pollution monitoring instruments, and is part of GCARE.

2017 150

Researchers say world faces air pollution pandemic

Green Car Congress

Air pollution is responsible for shortening people’s lives worldwide on a scale far greater than wars and other forms of violence, parasitic and vector-born diseases such as malaria, HIV/AIDS and smoking, according to an open-access study published in Cardiovascular Research.

2020 344
Insiders

Sign Up for our Newsletter

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

Trending Sources

Modeling study suggests 1.8M excess deaths attributable to urban air pollution in 2019

Green Car Congress

million excess deaths in cities globally in 2019. A second study, also led by the GWU researchers, finds that nearly 2 million cases of asthma in children are linked to traffic-related nitrogen dioxide air pollution, with two in three occurring in cities.

2019 365

AQLI: new data reveals little progress globally in reducing air pollution over the last two decades

Green Car Congress

Particulate air pollution continues to cut global life expectancy by nearly two years as progress in some countries counterbalances worsening air quality in others, according to the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI). China began a “war against pollution” in 2013.

2020 217

Study links PM2.5 pollution with millions of preterm births globally

Green Car Congress

A new study, led by a team from The Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) at the University of York, has found that in 2010, about 2.7 Recent research has suggested that exposure to air pollution could also be a risk factor. exposures, inclusion of provider-initiated preterm births, and exposure to indoor air pollution. The new study adds an important new consideration in measuring the health burden of air pollution and the benefits of mitigation measures, Malley said.

2017 233

HEI study links fossil fuel combustion with more than 1 million deaths globally

Green Car Congress

Fossil fuel combustion, a major source of air pollution, contributed to more than one million deaths globally in 2017, more than 27% of all deaths from outdoor fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ), according to a new report published by the Health Effects Institute (HEI).

Global 369

Study links increased black carbon pollution to increase in cases of lung adenocarcinoma worldwide

Green Car Congress

An international team of scientists, led by NTU Singapore, has linked increased air pollution to an uptick in cases of lung adenocarcinoma (LADC) worldwide. This study, done in collaboration between NTU and the Chinese University of Hong Kong, showed that a 0.1 g/m 3 ) increment of black carbon is associated with a 12% increase in LADC incidence globally. Black carbon is a pollutant that is classified as under PM 2.5. Globally, a 0.1 ?g/m

Study: PM2.5 pollution reduces global life expectancy by more than one year

Green Car Congress

pollution shortens human lives by more than a year, according to a new open-access study from a team of environmental engineers and public health researchers published in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology Letters. and lifespan has been studied together in order to examine the global variations in how they affect overall life expectancy. The researchers looked at outdoor air pollution from particulate matter (PM) smaller than 2.5

2018 200

PM2.5 pollution linked to higher glaucoma risk

Green Car Congress

Living in a more polluted area is associated with a greater likelihood of having glaucoma, a debilitating eye condition that can cause blindness, according to a new UCL-led study in the UK. We have found yet another reason why air pollution should be addressed as a public health priority, and that avoiding sources of air pollution could be worthwhile for eye health alongside other health concerns.

2019 209

Researchers use satellite data to show vehicles are an under-recognized source of urban ammonia pollution

Green Car Congress

Researchers now report in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology Letters that satellite data from before and during the spring 2020 lockdown in Los Angeles shows that vehicles, rather than agriculture, are the main source of urban airborne ammonia (NH 3 ), which forms small particles that contribute to air pollution and harm human health. On a national or global scale, most NH 3 pollution comes from agricultural sources, such as livestock manure.

ACIA Aero Leasing LOI with Universal Hydrogen for up to 30 regional aircraft conversions to hydrogen power

Green Car Congress

Universal Hydrogen Co. ACIA expects to place 10 firm orders for Universal Hydrogen’s ATR 72 conversion kits with additional purchase rights for 20 more conversion kits of various turboprop types.

Study finds pollution emitted near equator has biggest impact on global ozone

Green Car Congress

Since the 1980s, air pollution has increased worldwide, but it has increased at a much faster pace in regions close to the equator. They found that the increase in ozone burden due to the spatial distribution change slightly exceeds the combined influences of the increased emission magnitude and global methane. The work provides strategic insight on where in the world to reduce emissions of pollutants that form ozone.

2016 194

Study finds half of the world’s population exposed to increasing air pollution

Green Car Congress

A team of researchers, led by Professor Gavin Shaddick at the University of Exeter, has shown that, despite global efforts to improve air quality, half of the world’s population is exposed to increasing air pollution. a)Map of global PM 2.5

2020 226

Study estimates ~4M children worldwide develop asthma each year because of NO2 air pollution

Green Car Congress

About 4 million children worldwide develop asthma each year because of inhaling nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) air pollution, according to an open-access study published in The Lancet Planetary Health by researchers at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health (Milken Institute SPH). Our findings suggest that millions of new cases of pediatric asthma could be prevented in cities around the world by reducing air pollution.

2019 290

Lancet Commission report estimates pollution responsible for 9 million premature deaths globally in 2015; 16% of deaths

Green Car Congress

Pollution is the largest environmental cause of disease and premature death in the world today, according to the newly released report detailing the adverse effects of pollution on global health by the The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health. In the most severely affected countries, pollution-related disease is responsible for more than one death in four. Pollution is costly. of global economic output.

2017 174

Study links air pollution to increased emergency department visits for heart and lung disease

Green Car Congress

New research by George Mason University found that exposure to certain air pollutants is linked to increased emergency department (ED) visits for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Mason Assistant Professor of Global and Community Health Dr. Jenna Krall led the research with colleagues from Emory University, Georgia Institute of Technology, and the University of Pittsburgh.

2018 285

Baker Institute team says fossil fuel subsidies need global reform

Green Car Congress

Fossil fuels still receive most of the international government support provided to the energy sector despite their “well-known environmental and public health damage,” according to new research from Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy.

2020 323

Study finds association between air pollution, coronary atherosclerosis in Chinese population

Green Car Congress

Researchers from the University at Buffalo (UB), with colleagues in the US and China, have provided pathophysiologic evidence of the effect of air pollution on cardiovascular disease in China. Their findings also suggests that China may need to revise its standard for one type of pollutant. Spatial Distribution of Estimated Annual Pollution Concentrations in 2015 in China. As such, the effects of air pollution exposure on atherosclerosis are likely to be chronic.

2019 254

Study: plant roadside hedges rather than trees to combat near-road pollution

Green Car Congress

Urban planners should plant hedges—or a combination of trees with hedges—rather than just relying on roadside trees if they are most effectively to reduce pollution exposure from cars in near-road environments, according to a new study from the University of Surrey. The researchers found that roadsides that only had hedges were the most effective at reducing pollution exposure, cutting black carbon by up to 63 percent.

2019 285

Study finds short-term exposure to air pollution may impede cognition; NSAIDs could help

Green Car Congress

Exposure to air pollution, even over the course of just a few weeks, can impede mental performance, according to a new study led by researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health. The study is among the first to explore short-term air pollution exposures and the use of NSAIDs to mitigate their effects. Cognitive performance was assessed using the Global Cognitive Function (GCF) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scales.

Study: air pollution causes 800,000 extra deaths a year in Europe and 8.8 million worldwide

Green Car Congress

Air pollution could be causing double the number of excess deaths a year in Europe than has been estimated previously, according to a study published in the European Heart Journal. Using a new method of modeling the effects of various sources of outdoor air pollution on death rates, the researchers found that it caused an estimated 790,000 extra deaths in the whole of Europe in 2015 and 659,000 deaths in the 28 Member States of the European Union (EU-28).

2019 254

MIT study: half of US deaths related to air pollution are linked to out-of-state emissions

Green Car Congress

The study focuses on the period between 2005 and 2018 and tracks combustion emissions of various polluting compounds from various sectors, looking at every state in the contiguous United States, from season to season and year to year.

2020 260

Study links PM2.5 pollution to increased risk of diabetes; even low levels pose risk

Green Car Congress

A study by a team from Washington University School of Medicine in St. pollution—even at levels deemed safe—to an increased risk of diabetes globally. The open-access findings, published in the journal The Lancet Planetary Health , raise the possibility that reducing particulate pollution may lead to a drop in diabetes cases in heavily polluted countries such as India and less polluted ones such as the United States.

2018 213

Columbia team organizes available scientific evidence on the effects of air pollution on children’s health

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Columbia University, with colleagues at Boston University and Abt Associates, have identified concentration-response (C-R) functions for a number of adverse health outcomes in children associated with air pollutants largely from fossil fuel combustion. The study, led by researchers at the Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health (CCCEH), organized the available scientific evidence on the effects of air pollution on children’s health.

2018 207

Mayor of London launches international study on effect of air pollution on children’s health: CHILL

Green Car Congress

More 3,000 primary school children in polluted areas of London and Luton will have their lung health monitored over a four-year period in a new international study launched by the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan. Children are especially vulnerable to traffic pollution, with evidence showing stunted growth of children’s lungs in polluted areas worldwide, leaving them at risk of lifelong breathing disorders and earlier death.

2018 224

Sensor Networks Help Fight Floods and Noise Pollution

Cars That Think

A challenge for New York City's efforts to reduce the negative impacts of street-level flooding and noise pollution has been how to measure these issues effectively. Sensor networks Sensors Nyu tandon Type:sponsored Environmental sensors Noise pollution Flooding New york city

Crowdsourcing air pollution measurements: iSPEX-EU 2015

Green Car Congress

A collaboration led by researchers at Leiden University in The Netherlands has launched a Europe-wide citizen campaign— iSPEX-EU 2015 —to use a smartphone add-on and app to measure atmospheric aerosols (tiny particles), resulting in a broad-based data set with high spatio-temporal resolution.

2015 216

Study finds US air pollution deaths nearly halved between 1990 and 2010

Green Car Congress

A new study led by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has found that deaths related to air pollution in the US were nearly halved between 1990 and 2010. The team’s analyses showed that deaths related to air pollution exposure in the US decreased by about 47%, dropping from about 135,000 deaths in 1990 to 71,000 in 2010. and ozone from a 21-year computer simulation of air pollution across the US.

2018 221

Global Carbon Project: Global carbon emissions growth slows, but hits record high

Green Car Congress

Driven by rising natural gas and oil consumption, levels of CO 2 are expected to hit 37 billion metric tons this year, according to new estimates from the Global Carbon Project (GCP), an initiative led by Stanford University scientist Rob Jackson.

2019 195

Duke team devise method for detecting PM2.5 pollution using AI/machine learning, micro-satellite imagery and weather data

Green Car Congress

Researchers from Duke University have devised a computer vision algorithm for estimating ground-level PM 2.5 at a high spatiotemporal resolution by directly processing global-coverage, daily, near real-time updated, micro-satellite imagery of spatial coverages significantly smaller than 1 x 1?km

2020 206

Study links breathing in black carbon from polluted air to alterations in lung blood vessels

Green Car Congress

The study adds to the evidence that exposure to diesel pollutants at what are considered relatively low levels may contribute to subtle changes in the lungs that may make people more prone to developing chronic lung disease, the third leading cause of death globally. The project was based in the US National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute’s Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) Lung and Air Pollution Studies.

2019 188

Drivers from the world’s poorest cities who keep their windows down are exposed to 80% more air pollution

Green Car Congress

Car users from the world’s least affluent cities are exposed to a disproportionate amount of in-car air pollution because they rely heavily on opening their windows for ventilation, according to a new global study led by researchers at the University of Surrey. The study discovered that drivers in some of the world’s poorest cities experienced higher levels of in-car pollution. —Professor Prashant Kumar, Director of GCARE at the University of Surrey.

2020 159

CU Boulder study: routine household activities generate air quality on par with major polluted city

Green Car Congress

Cooking, cleaning and other routine household activities generate significant levels of volatile and particulate chemicals inside the average home, leading to indoor air quality levels on par with a polluted major city, according to a study by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder. Homes have never been considered an important source of outdoor air pollution and the moment is right to start exploring that.

2019 183

China study connects ozone pollution to cardiovascular health

Green Car Congress

The study, by a team from Duke University, Tsinghua University, Duke Kunshan University and Peking University, appears in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine. They monitored indoor and outdoor ozone levels, along with other pollutants. In contrast, only 31 million Americans live in counties where other pollutants exceed EPA standards. —Junfeng (Jim) Zhang, from Duke and Duke Kunshan University.

2017 163

NYU review study suggests potential for gauging health risks of air pollution on individual level

Green Car Congress

A new review by an interdisciplinary research team from New York University (NYU) of studies on levels of urban exposure to airborne pollutants and their effects on human health suggests that advanced instrumentation and information technology will soon allow researchers and policymakers to gauge the health risks of air pollution on an individual level. In the past, pollution measurement has been relatively crude in terms of compositional, spatial, and temporal resolution.

2019 172

Study: ozone levels higher across China than in other countries tracking the air pollutant

Green Car Congress

—Lin Zhang of Peking University, lead author. Many countries regulate ozone because of the damage the pollutant does to plants and people. Since the 1990s, tighter controls on emissions of those ingredients have lessened ozone pollution in many European and US cities. But the extent of surface ozone pollution in China hasn’t been widely recognized, in part because there were so few Chinese monitoring sites before 2012, according to the researchers.

2018 183

International study finds air pollution leads to millions of hospital visits for asthma attacks worldwide

Green Car Congress

The researchers aimed to estimate the number of asthma emergency room visits and new onset asthma cases globally attributable to PM 2.5 , ozone, and NO 2 concentrations. They used epidemiological health impact functions combined with data describing population, baseline asthma incidence and prevalence, and pollutant concentrations. The research team said that one way to reduce pollutants quickly would be to target emissions from cars, especially in big cities.

2018 180

Team finds high concentrations of combustion- and friction-derived magnetic air pollution nanoparticles in human hearts in Mexico City

Green Car Congress

An international team led by Professor Barbara Maher, of Lancaster University in the UK, has found that iron-rich, magnetic combustion- and friction-derived nanoparticles (CFDNPs), which are abundant in particulate air pollution, are highly abundant in the hearts of young urban residents with lifelong exposure to high concentrations of particulate air pollution above current USEPA standards.

2019 200

Study finds modifying urban form may be a strategy to reduce air pollution

Green Car Congress

Based on their findings in a new study, researchers from the University of Washington and the University of Minnesota suggest that modifying urban form—as a means of affecting motor vehicle usage—may be a strategy to mitigate urban air pollution. They used satellite-based measurements of urban form and nitrogen dioxideO 2 (n) to explore relationships between urban form and air pollution for a global data set of 1,274 cities.

2017 204

Study first to quantify amount of US pollution resulting from Chinese manufacturing for exports

Green Car Congress

Average annual percentage of black carbon pollution related to Chinese exports. Chinese air pollution blowing across the Pacific Ocean is often caused by the manufacturing of goods there for export to the US and Europe, according to findings of a new study to be published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). We’ve outsourced our manufacturing and much of our pollution, but some of it is blowing back across the Pacific to haunt us.

2014 252

Study finds that babies in strollers can be exposed to up to 60% more pollution than their parents

Green Car Congress

Babies in strollers can be exposed to up to ~60% higher average concentrations of pollution than their parents, causing potential damage to their frontal lobe and impacting on their cognitive abilities and brain development, according to a study by researchers at the University of Surrey (UK). GCARE researchers also investigated different types of strollers based on their height, width, and whether they seat one child or two to assess if this impacted on pollution exposure levels.

2018 183

Study finds farms a major source of fine-particulate air pollution

Green Car Congress

Emissions from farms outweigh all other human sources of fine-particulate air pollution in much of the United States, Europe, Russia and China, according a new study published in Geophysical Research Letters , a journal of the American Geophysical Union. However, if combustion emissions decline in coming decades, as most projections indicate, fine-particle pollution will go down even if fertilizer use doubles as expected.

2016 210

WUSTL study finds use of air conditioning reduces in-car pollution

Green Car Congress

Traffic is a major source of harmful pollutants; daily peak exposures tend to occur near roadways or while traveling—or being stuck—on them. For example, a team at the University of Surrey found that particulate pollution levels inside cars are up to 40% higher when the vehicle is stuck in a traffic jam or stopped at a red traffic light compared to free-flowing traffic conditions. That gave them rare, real-world look at pollutant exposure.

2017 174