WHO issues new, lower Global Air Quality Guidelines for classical pollutants

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New WHO has issued new Global Air Quality Guidelines (AQGs) that reduce levels of key air pollutants, some of which also contribute to climate change. and carbon monoxide (CO)—it also has an impact on other damaging pollutants. WHO global air quality guidelines.

Study: air pollution caused 1.1M deaths across Africa in 2019, toll from outdoor pollution rising

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Air pollution was responsible for 1.1 Deaths attributable to household air pollution and ambient particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) air pollution in Ethiopia, Ghana, Rwanda, and overall in Africa, 1990–2019. Economic output lost to air-pollution-related disease was $3.0

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Modeling study suggests 1.8M excess deaths attributable to urban air pollution in 2019

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million excess deaths in cities globally in 2019. A second study, also led by the GWU researchers, finds that nearly 2 million cases of asthma in children are linked to traffic-related nitrogen dioxide air pollution, with two in three occurring in cities.

2019 372

Researchers say world faces air pollution pandemic

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Air pollution is responsible for shortening people’s lives worldwide on a scale far greater than wars and other forms of violence, parasitic and vector-born diseases such as malaria, HIV/AIDS and smoking, according to an open-access study published in Cardiovascular Research.

2020 351

AQLI: new data reveals little progress globally in reducing air pollution over the last two decades

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Particulate air pollution continues to cut global life expectancy by nearly two years as progress in some countries counterbalances worsening air quality in others, according to the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI). China began a “war against pollution” in 2013.

2020 222

New WHO Global Air Quality Guidelines Aim to Save Millions of Lives from Air Pollution

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Article courtesy of WHO: New WHO Global Air Quality Guidelines aim to save millions of lives from air pollution New WHO Global Air Quality Guidelines (AQGs) provide clear evidence of the damage air pollution inflicts on human health, at even lower concentrations than previously understood.

Studies find global COVID-19 lockdowns have significantly reduced PM2.5 and NO2 pollution, but ozone up

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Levels of two major air pollutants have been reduced significantly since lockdowns began in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, but a secondary pollutant—ground-level ozone—has increased in China, according to new research.

2020 254

Study links increased black carbon pollution to increase in cases of lung adenocarcinoma worldwide

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An international team of scientists, led by NTU Singapore, has linked increased air pollution to an uptick in cases of lung adenocarcinoma (LADC) worldwide. g/m 3 ) increment of black carbon is associated with a 12% increase in LADC incidence globally. Black carbon is a pollutant that is classified as under PM 2.5. The research team found that it has increased globally by 3.6 ?g/m Pollutants that were analyzed were black carbon, sulfate, and PM 2.5.

Study links PM2.5 pollution with millions of preterm births globally

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Recent research has suggested that exposure to air pollution could also be a risk factor. exposures, inclusion of provider-initiated preterm births, and exposure to indoor air pollution. This study highlights that air pollution may not just harm people who are breathing the air directly—it may also seriously affect a baby in its mother’s womb. million global estimate, and China for about another 500,000.

2017 236

Global study links daily exposure to ozone pollution to increased risk of death

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Ground level ozone is a highly reactive gas commonly found in urban and suburban environments, formed when pollutants react in sunlight. Recent reviews suggest that 80% of the world’s population in urban areas are exposed to air pollution levels above the WHO threshold.

2020 222

Researchers use satellite data to show vehicles are an under-recognized source of urban ammonia pollution

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Researchers now report in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology Letters that satellite data from before and during the spring 2020 lockdown in Los Angeles shows that vehicles, rather than agriculture, are the main source of urban airborne ammonia (NH 3 ), which forms small particles that contribute to air pollution and harm human health. On a national or global scale, most NH 3 pollution comes from agricultural sources, such as livestock manure.

EPIC index finds air pollution reduces global life expectancy by 1.8 years; single greatest threat to human health

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Fossil fuel-driven particulate air pollution cuts global average life expectancy by 1.8 years per person, according to a new pollution index and accompanying report produced by the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC). But the way this risk is communicated is very often opaque and confusing, translating air pollution concentrations into colors, like red, brown, orange, and green. Seventy-five percent of the global population, or 5.5

2018 251

PM2.5 pollution linked to higher glaucoma risk

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Living in a more polluted area is associated with a greater likelihood of having glaucoma, a debilitating eye condition that can cause blindness, according to a new UCL-led study in the UK. We have found yet another reason why air pollution should be addressed as a public health priority, and that avoiding sources of air pollution could be worthwhile for eye health alongside other health concerns.

2019 214

Study: PM2.5 pollution reduces global life expectancy by more than one year

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pollution shortens human lives by more than a year, according to a new open-access study from a team of environmental engineers and public health researchers published in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology Letters. and lifespan has been studied together in order to examine the global variations in how they affect overall life expectancy. The researchers looked at outdoor air pollution from particulate matter (PM) smaller than 2.5

2018 200

University of Surrey launches global research center on air pollution

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The University of Surrey is launching a new multi-disciplinary research center next week to tackle air pollution. The Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) will see the University leading on collaborative, cutting-edge research to identify an action plan to ensure “clean air for all”. The Air Quality Lab (AQL) is housed with advanced pollution monitoring instruments, and is part of GCARE.

2017 150

New study puts air-pollution related deaths in India in 2019 at 1.67 million

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Air pollution in India resulted 1.67 million deaths in 2019—the largest pollution-related death toll in any country in the world—and also accounted for $36.8 billion (US) in economic losses, according to a new study led by researchers from the Global Observatory on Pollution and Health at Boston College, the Indian Council of Medical Research, and the Public Health Foundation of India. Pollution takes an enormous human toll in India.

2020 260

Study attributes significant amount of kidney disease globally to PM2.5 pollution

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The global toll of chronic kidney disease (CKD) attributable to PM 2.5 pollution is significant, according to an analysis presented at ASN (American Society of Nephrology) Kidney Week. In this latest research, the investigators used the Global Burden of Disease study methodologies to estimate the burden of CKD attributable to fine particulate matter: more than 10.7 The global burden of chronic kidney disease attributable to elevated PM 2.5.

2017 219

Emissions Analytics finds pollution from tire wear can be 1,000x worse than exhaust emissions

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Pollution from tire wear can be 1,000 times worse than a car’s exhaust emissions, Emissions Analytics has found.

2020 421

WHO links 7 million premature deaths annually to air pollution; 12.5% of total global deaths

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The World Health Organization now estimates that in 2012 around 7 million people died—one in eight (12.5%) of total global deaths—as a result of air pollution exposure. This new estimate more than doubles previous estimates and confirms that air pollution is now the world’s largest single environmental health risk, according to WHO, which is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. Outdoor pollution.

2014 288

Study finds pollution emitted near equator has biggest impact on global ozone

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Since the 1980s, air pollution has increased worldwide, but it has increased at a much faster pace in regions close to the equator. They found that the increase in ozone burden due to the spatial distribution change slightly exceeds the combined influences of the increased emission magnitude and global methane. The work provides strategic insight on where in the world to reduce emissions of pollutants that form ozone.

2016 199

EPA panel says air pollution not harmful

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It isn't just global warming emissions that the EPA plans to deregulate. EPA air pollution Andrew WheelerAt a meeting last Thursday, a key air quality standards board at the agency cast doubt on longstanding findings that particulate matter—the microscopic particles spewing from diesel tailpipes—can cause health problems leading to premature deaths. In the absence of.

2019 101

Study demonstrates association between personal exposure to air pollution and vascular damage

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A study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), a center supported by the “la Caixa” Foundation, contributes new evidence about the negative impact of air pollution on cardiovascular health. with AIx, a marker of global vascular injury.

2020 292

Report: Microplastic pollution from vehicle tires is a serious global issue

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Not all vehicle emissions come from tailpipes. At any given time, 1,100 tons of microplastic is floating over the United States, and much of it comes from vehicle tires, according to a recent Wired report.

Study finds half of the world’s population exposed to increasing air pollution

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A team of researchers, led by Professor Gavin Shaddick at the University of Exeter, has shown that, despite global efforts to improve air quality, half of the world’s population is exposed to increasing air pollution. a)Map of global PM 2.5

2020 232

Lancet Commission report estimates pollution responsible for 9 million premature deaths globally in 2015; 16% of deaths

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Pollution is the largest environmental cause of disease and premature death in the world today, according to the newly released report detailing the adverse effects of pollution on global health by the The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health. In the most severely affected countries, pollution-related disease is responsible for more than one death in four. Pollution is costly. of global economic output.

2017 174

Baker Institute team says fossil fuel subsidies need global reform

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Their paper tracks fossil fuel usage and government subsidies since the the 2009 G20 summit, during which representatives from 20 countries discussed global financial and socioeconomic issues and agreed to “phase out and rationalize over the medium term inefficient fossil fuel subsidies.”.

2020 326

Study estimates ~4M children worldwide develop asthma each year because of NO2 air pollution

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About 4 million children worldwide develop asthma each year because of inhaling nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) air pollution, according to an open-access study published in The Lancet Planetary Health by researchers at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health (Milken Institute SPH). Our findings suggest that millions of new cases of pediatric asthma could be prevented in cities around the world by reducing air pollution.

2019 290

Study links air pollution to increased emergency department visits for heart and lung disease

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New research by George Mason University found that exposure to certain air pollutants is linked to increased emergency department (ED) visits for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Mason Assistant Professor of Global and Community Health Dr. Jenna Krall led the research with colleagues from Emory University, Georgia Institute of Technology, and the University of Pittsburgh. We estimated associations between twelve ambient air pollutants of both primary (e.g.

2018 285

Study finds rapid health benefits following air pollution reduction

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Reductions in air pollution yielded fast and significant impacts on health-outcomes, as well as decreases in all-cause morbidity, according to new open-access research published in Annals of the American Thoracic Society. The study by the Environmental Committee of the Forum of International Respiratory Societies (FIRS) reviewed interventions that have reduced air pollution at its source. It’s critical that governments adopt and enforce WHO guidelines for air pollution immediately.

2019 174

Study finds short-term exposure to air pollution may impede cognition; NSAIDs could help

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Exposure to air pollution, even over the course of just a few weeks, can impede mental performance, according to a new study led by researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health. The study is among the first to explore short-term air pollution exposures and the use of NSAIDs to mitigate their effects. Cognitive performance was assessed using the Global Cognitive Function (GCF) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scales.

Study: plant roadside hedges rather than trees to combat near-road pollution

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Urban planners should plant hedges—or a combination of trees with hedges—rather than just relying on roadside trees if they are most effectively to reduce pollution exposure from cars in near-road environments, according to a new study from the University of Surrey. The researchers found that roadsides that only had hedges were the most effective at reducing pollution exposure, cutting black carbon by up to 63 percent.

2019 286

Study finds association between air pollution, coronary atherosclerosis in Chinese population

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Researchers from the University at Buffalo (UB), with colleagues in the US and China, have provided pathophysiologic evidence of the effect of air pollution on cardiovascular disease in China. Their findings also suggests that China may need to revise its standard for one type of pollutant. Spatial Distribution of Estimated Annual Pollution Concentrations in 2015 in China. As such, the effects of air pollution exposure on atherosclerosis are likely to be chronic.

2019 259

International travelers experience adverse cardiopulmonary health effects even after short stay in polluted cities

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For travelers who visit cities with high levels of air pollution, even a short stay leads to breathing problems that can take at least a week from which to recove, a new study led by researchers at NYU School of Medicine finds. The study is the first of its kind, say the authors, to analyze pollution-related coughing and breathing difficulties and recovery times upon returning home, in healthy, young adults who’ve travelled internationally.

2019 256

MIT study: half of US deaths related to air pollution are linked to out-of-state emissions

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The study focuses on the period between 2005 and 2018 and tracks combustion emissions of various polluting compounds from various sectors, looking at every state in the contiguous United States, from season to season and year to year.

2020 265

Study: air pollution causes 800,000 extra deaths a year in Europe and 8.8 million worldwide

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Air pollution could be causing double the number of excess deaths a year in Europe than has been estimated previously, according to a study published in the European Heart Journal. Using a new method of modeling the effects of various sources of outdoor air pollution on death rates, the researchers found that it caused an estimated 790,000 extra deaths in the whole of Europe in 2015 and 659,000 deaths in the 28 Member States of the European Union (EU-28).

2019 235

Study finds significant proportion of childhood asthma cases may be attributable to air pollution

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Findings of a study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) and published in the European Respiratory Journal suggest that a significant proportion of childhood asthma cases may be attributable to outdoor air pollution, and that these cases could be prevented. Emerging evidence suggests that exposure to air pollution may increase the risk of developing this respiratory disease during childhood. Meeting the minimum air pollution levels for NO 2 (1.5?µg·m

2019 231

Sensor Networks Help Fight Floods and Noise Pollution

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A challenge for New York City's efforts to reduce the negative impacts of street-level flooding and noise pollution has been how to measure these issues effectively. Sensor networks Sensors Nyu tandon Type:sponsored Environmental sensors Noise pollution Flooding New york city

Power Global, Rap Eco Motors to launch mass electric auto-rickshaw line powered by swappable battery technology

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Power Global and Rap Eco Motors partner to deliver 50,000 made-in-India electric auto-rickshaws built upon the swappable eZee module. metric tons annually and eliminate dangerous NO x and PM tailpipe emissions that contribute to air pollution.

Auto 222

Study links PM2.5 pollution to increased risk of diabetes; even low levels pose risk

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pollution—even at levels deemed safe—to an increased risk of diabetes globally. The open-access findings, published in the journal The Lancet Planetary Health , raise the possibility that reducing particulate pollution may lead to a drop in diabetes cases in heavily polluted countries such as India and less polluted ones such as the United States. Our research shows a significant link between air pollution and diabetes globally.

2018 215

Study shows two-stroke scooters dominant source of air pollution in many cities; asymmetric polluters

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A study by European researchers has found that two-stroke (2S) scooters, although constituting a small fraction of the fleet, can dominate urban vehicular pollution through organic aerosol and aromatic emission factors up to thousands of times higher than from other vehicle classes. Globally, organic aerosol (OA) dominates PM, with SOA accounting for the largest fraction.

2014 288

HEI report finds current levels of air pollution have reduced life expectancy by 1.67 years on average worldwide

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The Health Effects Institute (HEI) has released the annual State of Global Air (SoGA) 2019 report and website. This year’s report includes the latest results on air pollution exposure and its health burden around the world based on the 2017 GBD (Global Burden of Disease) study. Among the findings of the report is that current levels of air pollution levels have reduced life expectancy by 1 year and 8 months (1.67 — “State of Global Air 2019”.

2019 228

Columbia team organizes available scientific evidence on the effects of air pollution on children’s health

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Researchers at Columbia University, with colleagues at Boston University and Abt Associates, have identified concentration-response (C-R) functions for a number of adverse health outcomes in children associated with air pollutants largely from fossil fuel combustion. The study, led by researchers at the Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health (CCCEH), organized the available scientific evidence on the effects of air pollution on children’s health.

2018 211

California introduces first-in-nation rules to reduce climate “super pollutants” from commercial refrigeration, air conditioning equipment

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HFCs are considered to be super pollutants because they trap heat in the atmosphere thousands of times more effectively than carbon dioxide, the most prevalent greenhouse gas. CARB will now move forward immediately with a new rulemaking limiting purchase or use of new high-global warming potential (GWP) refrigerant, and a partnership with other states and the federal government to design a national program.

2020 235