ICCT study examines current & projected use of heavy fuel oil in Arctic shipping; growth in BC emissions points to need for policies
Green Car Congress
MAY 8, 2017
The majority of HFO carriage in the Geographic Arctic is attributable to ships flagged to non-Arctic states with major ship registries like Panama, the Marshall Islands, Liberia, Malta, and the Bahamas. Policies could be implemented at the global, regional, national, or subnational scales. Global policies are also desirable given that emissions of BC outside of the IMO Arctic can be, and are, transported northward.