Novel pathway for aviation fuel from food waste–derived volatile fatty acids (VFA) could lead to 70% blends, up to 165% reduction in GHG

Green Car Congress

Life cycle analysis showed up to 165% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions relative to fossil jet if the food waste is diverted from landfills to produce VFA-SAF. In the process, anaerobic digestion of west waste is arrested prior to methanogensis to generate VFAs (C 3 -C 8 ).

Waste 222

GE study finds 5% of worlds natural gas production wasted per year by flaring

Green Car Congress

Gas-flaring countries and trends. A newly released GE study — Flare Gas Reduction: Recent Global Trends and Policy Considerations —estimates that 5% of the world’s natural gas production is wasted by burning or “flaring” unused gas each year, despite some progress on the flaring issue. Gas flaring emits 400 million metric tons of CO 2 annually, the same as 77 million automobiles, without producing useful heat or electricity. Natural Gas

2011 223
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SoCalGas reduces CNG price by $0.26 per gallon at its fueling stations by using LCFS credits

Green Car Congress

Southern California Gas Co. SoCalGas) will lower the price of compressed natural gas at all of its 13 public access natural gas vehicle fueling stations by $0.26 Through a California Public Utilities Commission approved program, the utility is able to offer a reduced price by returning revenue generated from the sale of Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) credits to customers. Natural gas costs significantly less than gasoline or diesel per GGE.

2019 195

Lux Research projects methanol-to-gasoline most competitive route for liquid fuels from natural gas or waste

Green Car Congress

The price disparity between crude oil and other resources, coupled with the emergence of cheap and abundant shale gas, especially in the United States, is opening up opportunities to produce cheaper gasoline, according to a new report from Lux Research. Lux Research analysts studied the cost of 21 biomass-to-liquids (BTL) and gas-to-liquids (GTL) processes. GTL (gas-to-liquids) can make ethanol more cheaply, but offers limited product value.

2013 204

Graforce plasma electrolysis for efficient generation of hydrogen from industrial waste water; partnering with Audi

Green Car Congress

Berlin-based Graforce Hydro GmbH, the developer of a plasma electrolyzer—the Plasmalyzer —is applying its technology for the highly efficient generation of hydrogen from industrial waste water. Mixing in biogas produces hydrogen-enriched compressed natural gas (HCNG)—a cost-effective, environmentally friendly fuel for vehicles that also generates electricity and heat. Only purified water and oxygen remain as waste products.

2018 228

First reference installation of Opcon Waste Heat Recovery technology for ships; potential for 5–10% fuel savings

Green Car Congress

Opcon, in collaboration with Wallenius Marine, recently completed the first reference installation of its Waste Heat Recovery technology for ocean-going vessels in a project supported by the Swedish Energy Agency. The Opcon systems generate electricity from low-value waste heat in the vessel’s steam and cooling system. This is a milestone in our efforts to adapt our pioneering technology for production of electricity from waste heat for use in marine applications.

2012 248

Clean Energy Fuels delivered 143M gallons of Redeem renewable natural gas in 2019, up 30% year-on-year

Green Car Congress

Clean Energy Fuels Corp delivered 143 million gallons of Redeem Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) last year as robust sales of the carbon-neutral transportation fuel continued in 2019, closing out the year with significant deals throughout North America. Biomethane Fleets Natural Gas

2020 249

Aemetis producing cellulosic ethanol from orchard waste at integrated demonstration unit

Green Car Congress

Aemetis, after successfully completing the construction and commencement of an Integrated Demonstration Unit, is now producing cellulosic ethanol from orchard waste, utilizing technologies from Aemetis, LanzaTech and InEnTec. The plant converts waste orchard wood and nutshells from California’s Central Valley into cellulosic ethanol. million tons of waste wood and shells per year. Cellulosic ethanol can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 80% compared to gasoline.

2017 150

Audi of America launches Internal Carbon Price program to support goal of lowering CO2 footprint 30% by 2025

Green Car Congress

Audi of America is among the first in the automotive industry to implement an internal carbon price program as a key initiative in the brand’s pursuit of lower CO 2 emissions. The Audi Internal Carbon Price program is a self-imposed fee proportional to the amount of CO 2 and other greenhouse gas emissions that result from US operations, such as: Business travel. Waste generation.

2020 161

Neste launches Neste MY Renewable Diesel made 100% from waste and residues in Finland; initial customers

Green Car Congress

Neste recently launched a renewable diesel made entirely from waste and residues under the brand name Neste MY Renewable Diesel at select service stations in the Helsinki region today, 9 January 2017. The product enables up to 90% lower greenhouse gas emissions throughout the life cycle of the fuel compared to conventional fossil diesel. The product is priced somewhat higher than Neste Pro Diesel, which contains at least 15% of renewable diesel.

2017 150

New Mærsk Triple-E ships worlds largest and most efficient; waste heat recovery and ultra long stroke engines contribute to up to 50% reduction in CO2/container moved

Green Car Congress

The Triple-E vessels have a 26% slot cost advantage compared to the 13,100 TEU vessels sailing on today’s oceans considering a full roundtrip from Asia to Europe (based on a bunker price of US$600 per metric tonnes). An advanced waste heat recovery system captures and reuses energy from the engines’ exhaust gas for extra propulsion with less fuel consumption. Waste heat recovery. When exhaust gas leaves the engine, it has a very high heat potential.

2011 205

Audi introduces new A4 Avant g-tron; Audi e-gas offered as standard

Green Car Congress

Audi has introduced the natural-gas-fueled A4 Avant g-tron; dealers in Europe will begin taking orders for the midsize model starting in early summer 2017. It can be selected with climate-friendly Audi e-gas (synthetic natural gas produced with renewable energy in a Power-to-Gas process, earlier post ) or compressed natural gas (CNG), or can be powered with gasoline. lb) of gas allows for a range of up to 500 kilometers (310.7 Audi e-gas.

2017 174

PetroCard and Waste Management Open Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Station in South Seattle

Green Car Congress

PetroCard , a fuels distributor, and Waste Management, a provider of comprehensive waste management services, announced the grand opening of a “Clean N’ Green Fuel” compressed natural gas (CNG) fueling station in South Seattle— the first public-access CNG facility in the city. The Clean N’ Green Fuel partnership began as a natural fit between Waste Management’s need to fill their CNG powered trucks and PetroCard’s expertise in providing self-service fueling stations.

Clean Energy signs deals for more than 20M gallons of renewable natural gas in past 45 days

Green Car Congress

announced new and extended contracts for more than 20 million gallons of Redeem renewable natural gas (RNG) to accommodate the continued demand across key business segments for the ultra-low carbon fuel produced from organic waste. Zero Now is a program that brings the price of a heavy- or medium-duty natural gas truck at parity with a diesel truck while offering a guaranteed fuel discount for the duration of the agreement. million gallons of natural gas per year.

2020 259

Audi introduces new CNG A3 Sportback

Green Car Congress

Audi is adding a new member to its A3 family: the A3 Sportback 30 g-tron natural gas vehicle. Operation with natural gas or biomethane makes the compact model economical and more climate-friendly with low emissions. With full gas tanks, the car has an NEDC range of up to 495 (307.6

2020 400

Study finds renewable natural gas could meet ~85% of current natural gas use in transport in California by 2020s; much higher volumes possible with right policies

Green Car Congress

A study by a team from UC Davis for the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has found that the state could produce 14 bcf (billion cubic feet) per year of renewable natural gas (RNG) (biomethane) by the 2020s, meeting roughly 85% of current natural gas use in transport California at LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) credits of $120 per metric ton of CO 2. —“Final Draft Report on The Feasibility of Renewable Natural Gas as a Large-Scale, Low Carbon Substitute”.

2016 221

Study: natural gas heavy-duty trucking fleet could benefit economy, but has mixed environmental effects

Green Car Congress

Switching from diesel fuel to natural gas may hold advantages for the US heavy-duty trucking fleet, but more needs to be done to reach the full environmental benefits, according to a new white paper released by the Institute of Transportation Studies at the University of California, Davis, and Rice University. The cost advantage of natural gas over diesel fuel is particularly appealing for vehicles with a high intensity of travel and thus fuel use.

2015 235

Aemetis acquires license from LanzaTech with California exclusive rights for advanced ethanol from biomass including forest and ag wastes

Green Car Congress

has acquired exclusive rights to LanzaTech’s patented technology for the conversion of agricultural waste, forest waste, dairy waste and construction and demolition waste (CDW) to ethanol in California. The LanzaTech gas-to-ethanol technology enables Aemetis to convert these local California biomass wastes to advanced ethanol. LanzaTech’s process involves biological conversion of carbon to products through gas fermentation. Aemetis, Inc.

2016 150

Synthetic biology company launches JV to commercialize gas-to-liquids bioconversion; isobutanol first target

Green Car Congress

Synthetic biology company Intrexon Corporation has formed Intrexon Energy Partners (IEP), a joint venture with a group of external investors, to optimize and to scale-up Intrexon’s gas-to-liquids (GTL) bioconversion platform. Intrexon’s natural gas upgrading program is targeting the development of an engineered microbial cell line for industrial-scale bioconversion of natural gas to chemicals, lubricants and fuels, as opposed to employing standard chemical routes.

2014 210

BA and Solena Fuels to build GreenSky landfill-waste-to-jet-fuel plant in Thurrock; completion in 2017

Green Car Congress

British Airways and its partner Solena Fuels announced that the UK GreenSky facility to convert landfill waste into jet fuel ( earlier post ) will be built in Thames Enterprise Park, part of the site of the former Coryton oil refinery in Thurrock, Essex. British Airways has committed to purchasing, at market competitive prices, the jet fuel produced by the plant for the next 11 years which equates to about $550 million at today’s prices.

2014 210

UC Riverside researchers receive two grants to advance steam hydrogasification reaction for waste-to-fuels

Green Car Congress

Researchers at the University of California, Riverside’s Center for Environmental Research and Technology (CERT) at the Bourns College of Engineering have received two grants to further explore a steam hydrogasification process they developed to convert waste into fuels. The CEC grant will allow for the completion of a process demonstration unit at CERT that will provide data needed before a proposed pilot plant is built at the city of Riverside’s waste water treatment facility.

2011 185

Neste Oil more than doubles use of waste- and residue-based inputs for renewable fuel to 742,000 tons

Green Car Congress

Neste Oil succeeded in achieving its target of increasing its use of waste and residue raw materials for refining into NExBTL renewable fuels by more than 400,000 tons in 2012: a total of 742,000 tons of these raw materials were used compared to 330,000 tons in 2011. Neste Oil increased its use of waste animal fat in particular last year and added waste fat from the fish processing industry to its feedstock base.

2013 185

Clean Energy Zero Now truck orders surpass 250; heavy-duty trucks fueled by renewable natural gas

Green Car Congress

has reached agreement with trucking firms to lease or purchase more than 250 new heavy-duty trucks, fueled by its Redeem RNG (renewable natural gas). Clean Energy’s Zero Now program makes the cost of leasing or purchasing a new natural gas heavy-duty truck equal to the price or even lower than that of the same truck equipped with a diesel engine. RNG reduces climate pollutants such as greenhouse gas, which takes carbon emissions completely out of trucking.

2019 175

How Do EVs Compare To Gas Cars?

Wallbox

Some consumers have shied away from electric and hybrid models under the assumption that EV ownership comes with a hefty price tag. Moreover, you can save up to €6.000 on the purchase price thanks to several electric vehicle incentives available across Europe.

Gas 87

GE, INL Researchers Collaborate on Waste Heat Recovery Research

Green Car Congress

Researchers from Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and GE Global Research are collaborating on a two-year, public-private partnership project designed to optimize an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) process to convert low-temperature waste heat (below 500 °) from gas turbine or reciprocating engine exhaust to produce electricity. Our new evaporator permits direct transfer of this waste heat, which increases overall efficiency at a far more affordable price than before ” Wetzel said.

2009 150

Eindhoven University of Technology to make biofuels from its own wood waste; cyclic oxygenate CyclOx and ethanol

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) are developing a small-scale demonstration reactor that will process 40 tons of wood waste per year from the university into replacements for diesel fuel and gasoline. TU/e aims with this project to demonstrate the viability of small-scale, environment-friendly fuel production from its own waste material at competitive prices. This waste currently has a negative value as the university has to pay for its disposal.

2011 191

Fraunhofer characterizes Alphabet Energy thermoelectric PowerCard; up to 5% fuel economy improvement in automotive

Green Car Congress

Competing materials, such as skutterudites and half-Heuslers, rely on rare and critical elements subject to scarcity and price volatility, making them unreliable for commercial scale, Alphabet Energy said. These advancements with our PowerCard technology are truly unique from a materials science perspective, and align with our mission of being the “Intel-inside” for waste heat recovery. Connected vehicles Fuel Efficiency Thermoelectrics Waste Heat Recovery

2016 183

Study suggests that decarbonizing US transport sector by converting waste CO2 to fuels would require economical air-capture of CO2

Green Car Congress

Kreutz used two examples of CCTF systems in his analysis: biodiesel from microalgae and Sandia National Laboratory’s S2P process (an effort to utilize concentrated solar energy to convert waste CO 2 into synthetic fuels, earlier post ). Kreutz presented the paper at the 10 th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies ( GHGT-10 ) earlier this fall in The Netherlands. natural gas, nuclear energy, renewable energy, etc.).In

2010 200

California Energy Commission awards $9.6M to 8 projects on electric vehicles, natural gas and biofuels

Green Car Congress

If used in a motorcycle, the resulting powertrain will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by an estimated 72% and save 70 gallons of petroleum each year. Each battery pack that goes into a light-duty electric vehicle is expected to reduce petroleum use by 575 gallons per year and reduce the resulting greenhouse gas emissions by 72 percent. Natural gas-powered vehicle fueling. Natural gas will displace 1.5 Tags: Biodiesel Electric (Battery) Heavy-duty Natural Gas

2010 204

Ford prices Auto Start-Stop system in non-hybrid 2013 Fusion 1.6L EcoBoost model at $295

Green Car Congress

Studies show drivers encounter an average of 10 to 15 red lights and stop signs on a typical 20 mile commute, which can add 5 to 15 minutes of idle time and wasted gas. Ford is offering the Auto Start-Stop system on its new non-hybrid 2013 Fusion equipped with a 1.6-liter EcoBoost engine ( earlier post ) for $295. Auto Start-Stop saves fuel use when the car is standing and running at idle.

2012 204

New MAN Diesel & Turbo ME-GIE two-stroke engine can use VOCs as fuel

Green Car Congress

Further research has led to new possibilities for this engine leading to new prospects for multi-fuel combustion including the combustion of waste gas. The benefits of the diesel-type combustion are now fully exploited in the ability of the two-stroke engine to run on almost any gas quality without efficiency reductions, and in the complete combustion maintained by a relatively high gas injection pressure. Engines LPG Natural Gas Ports and Marine

2017 174

RAND reports suggest US DoD use less petroleum fuel to deal with high prices, not count on alternatives

Green Car Congress

Bartis and RAND colleague Lawrence van Bibbe were the authors of a 2011 RAND report concluding that if the US military increased its use of alternative jet and naval fuels that can be produced from coal or various renewable resources, including seed oils, waste oils and algae, there would be no direct benefit to the nation’s armed forces. While DoD and the services will have access to the wholesale fuel supplies they require, the purchase price may be uncomfortably high.

2012 196

Researchers contend that large-scale forest bioenergy is neither sustainable nor greenhouse-gas neutral

Green Car Congress

Large-scale bioenergy production from forest biomass is unsustainable and will increase greenhouse gas emissions, according to a group of international researchers in an invited analysis in the journal Global Change Biology/Bioenergy. A higher demand for biomass from forests will increase prices for the biomass, as in Germany where they have already increased in price 300-600 percent from 2005 to 2010. Land management trade-off: maximizing productivity vs. carbon stocks.

2012 221

Dutch/Russian effort to commercialize new process to convert flared gas to gasoline via a DME pathway

Green Car Congress

The conventional way to make gasoline from gas is to convert the gas to a synthesis gas, then into methanol, followed by conversion to straight-chain hydrocarbons and finally via reforming into a high-octane hydrocarbon blend. The method developed by TIPS skips the conversion into methanol; the synthesis gas is converted into dimethylether (DME) as the step preceding the direct synthesis of branched hydrocarbons with a high octane number.

2013 199

Clean Energy Fuels to distribute biomethane vehicle fuel to fleets and public stations

Green Car Congress

North America’s largest provider of natural gas for transportation, is commercially offering a biomethane vehicle fuel— Redeem —made from waste streams such as landfills, large dairies and sewage plants directly to fleets around the country and at 35 public Clean Energy stations throughout California. Redeem will be available in either compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG) form. Biomethane Fleets Natural Gas

2013 204

ARPA-E to award up to $20M to projects for bioconversion of methane to liquid fuels; seeking <$2/gge and ability to meet US demand for transportation fuels

Green Car Congress

This program envisions the development of transformative bioconversion technologies that are capable of producing liquid fuels economically from natural gas at less than $2 per gallon of gasoline equivalent and at levels sufficient to meet US demand for transportation fuels. The benefits of converting natural gas to liquid fuels for use in transportation have long been recognized. Biorefinery Biotech Fuels Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) Natural Gas

2013 218

California Energy Commission adopts $100M investment plan for 2013-2014 for green vehicles and fuels

Green Car Congress

The program funds projects to encourage the development and use of new technologies and alternative and renewable fuels, including electricity, natural gas, biomethane, hydrogen, and gasoline and diesel substitutes, such as cellulosic ethanol (derived from woody materials, including agricultural waste), and biodiesel from waste grease. 12 million for natural gas vehicle incentives. Electric (Battery) Fuels Infrastructure Natural Gas Policy

2013 246

Estes partners with Clean Energy to expand RNG vehicle fleet to 71 units

Green Car Congress

the leading provider of natural gas fuel for transportation in North America, announced that Estes Express Lines will add to its fleet 50 new trucks fueled with Redeem renewable natural gas (RNG), bringing its total to 71. Clean Energy Fuels Corp.,

2020 241

Audi highlights its range of electrification efforts; Q7 diesel PHEV, A7 fuel cell PHEV, BEV, 48V and more; 750 Wh/l by 2025

Green Car Congress

This makes it possible for the waste heat from the electrical drive components to be made available to the interior of the Q7 e-tron quattro. The price should also drop because the proportion of costly components such as platinum in the fuel cell will decrease. It follows the A3 Sportback g-tron as the brand’s second model to use natural gas or climate-friendly Audi e-gas. lb) of gas allows for a range of more than 500 kilometers (310.7

2015 203

Perspective: Regional Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade Programs May be the Solution

Green Car Congress

Cantwell said that cap-and-trade had been discredited by the Wall Street crisis, the Enron scandal and the rocky start to a carbon credits trading system in Europe that has been subject to dizzying price fluctuations and widespread fraud. They are looking at cutting the nation’s greenhouse gas output by targeting, in separate ways, three major sources of emissions: electric utilities, transportation and industry. greenhouse gas emissions. GREENHOUSE GAS CAP-AND-TRADE PROGRAM.

2010 210

UK power crisis – entirely the fault of regulators and ministers

EV Info

Slashing gas storage facilities. Additional fees and charges added to electricity prices. Implementing a price cap for retailers. Gas 50%. As this shows we are reliant of Gas for 50% of our electricity generation. We are reliant on gas big time.

Price 83

CNG Fuels and National Grid unveil first high-pressure grid-connected CNG filling station; biomethane option

Green Car Congress

UK-based CNG Fuels, in partnership with National Grid, has unveiled a new state-of-the-art filling station in Leyland, Lancashire, allowing vehicles to fill up on compressed natural gas (CNG) directly from the high-pressure local transmission system. The biomethane is made from waste at anaerobic digestion plants and delivered to the filling station through the National Grid pipeline system. Biomethane Europe Infrastructure Natural Gas

2016 150

Neste to acquire Bunge Rotterdam refinery to increase raw material pretreatment capacity for renewable products

Green Car Congress

Neste, the world’s leading producer of renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuel produced from waste and residue raw materials, has agreed to acquire Bunge Loders Croklaan’s refinery plant located in Rotterdam, the Netherlands for a purchase price of €258 million (US$302 million).

2020 241