PNNL team develops new low-cost method to convert captured CO2 to methane

Green Car Congress

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed a new method to convert captured CO 2 into methane, the primary component of natural gas. Though it is a greenhouse gas and requires careful supply chain management, methane has many applications, ranging from household use to industrial processes, said co-author and PNNL chemist Jotheeswari Kothandaraman. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Natural Gas

New ICCT study finds low-cost carriers driving 90% of US airline CO2 emissions growth

Green Car Congress

A new study by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) on aviation fuel burn and associated greenhouse gas emissions has found that overall fuel burn and, therefore, CO 2 emissions from US airlines increased by 7% from 2005 to 2019.


Sign Up for our Newsletter

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

Trending Sources

Fukushima Hydrogen Energy Research Field (FH2R) completed in Japan; aiming for low-cost green hydrogen production; P2G

Green Car Congress

Renewable energy output is subject to large fluctuations, so FH2R will adjust to supply and demand in the power grid in order to maximize utilization of this energy while establishing low-cost, Green hydrogen production technology.

2020 365

GWU team demonstrates highly scalable, low-cost process for making carbon nanotube wools directly from CO2

Green Car Congress

Researchers at George Washington University led by Dr. Stuart Licht have demonstrated the first facile high-yield, low-energy synthesis of macroscopic length carbon nanotubes (CNTs)—carbon nanotube wool—from CO 2 using molten carbonate electrolysis ( earlier post ). This synthesis consumes only CO 2 and electricity, and is constrained only by the cost of electricity. The process is constrained by the (low) cost of electricity.

2017 250

MAN Engines releases first IMO Tier III engines for workboats; low-cost, SCR-only solution

Green Car Congress

The solution ensuring compliance with the IMO Tier III limits is MAN Engines’ modular exhaust gas aftertreatment (EAT) system, which was exhibited at the SMM trade fair last year. Two of the variants that are possible due to the installation flexibility of MAN Engines’ modular exhaust gas aftertreatment system. The essentially maintenance-free exhaust gas aftertreatment system is extremely lightweight, as well.

2019 188

Golar and Schlumberger form OneLNG JV; targeting development of low cost gas reserves to LNG

Green Car Congress

Golar LNG Limited and Schlumberger have formed OneLNG, a joint venture to develop rapidly low cost gas reserves to LNG. The combination of Schlumberger’s reservoir knowledge, wellbore technologies and production management capabilities, with Golar’s low cost FLNG (Floating LNG) solution, will offer gas resource owners a faster and lower cost development thereby increasing the net present value of the resources.

2016 150

EPFL team develops low-cost water splitting cell with solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%

Green Car Congress

A team led by Dr. Michael Grätzel at EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) in Switzerland has developed a highly efficient and low-cost water-splitting cell combining an advanced perovskite tandem solar cell and a bi-functional Earth-abundant catalyst. By combining a pair of perovskite solar cells and low price electrodes without using rare metals, scientists have obtained a 12.3%

2014 235

DGIST, PNNL team develops efficient, low-cost anode material for water electrolysis

Green Car Congress

Korea’s DGIST (Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology), with colleagues at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), have developed a low-cost, highly efficient and ultra-durable core-shell nanostructured electrocatalyst that exhibits an improved oxygen evolution activity and stability compared to that of the commercial noble metal electrodes. In electrocatalytic water splitting, oxygen gas generates in the anode due to the oxygen evolution reaction (OER).

2018 150

HyperSolar reaches 1.25 V for water-splitting with its self-contained low-cost photoelectrochemical nanosystem

Green Car Congress

volts (V) of water-splitting voltage with its novel low-cost electrolysis technology. V or more is generally needed because of the low reaction kinetics. HyperSolar’s research is centered on developing a low-cost and submersible hydrogen production particle that can split water molecules using sunlight, emulating the core functions of photosynthesis. This lowers the system cost of what is essentially an electrolysis process. HyperSolar, Inc.

2014 214

Columbia team develops simple, low-cost, scaleable membraneless electrolyzer fabricated with 3D printing for H2 production

Green Car Congress

The devices can be fabricated with as few as three parts (anode, cathode, and cell body), reflecting their simplicity and potential for low-cost manufacture.The researchers used 3D printing to fabricate prototype electrolyzers that they demonstrated to be electrolyte agnostic, modular, and capable of operating with minimal product crossover. The high cost of electrolyzers arises from the high costs of individual components (e.g.,

2016 183

Thai researchers find waste chicken fat a good low-cost feedstock for renewable diesel

Green Car Congress

Therefore, they concluded, waste chicken fat from food industries containing a high degree of FFAs and water content can be used as a low-cost feedstock for renewable diesel production without requiring a pretreatment process. carbon bonding, and oxygenated components in FAME [fatty acid methyl ester, i.e., biodiesel] molecules result in low thermal and oxidation stability relating to the high viscosity and low heating value.

2015 218

Saudi Aramco R&D proposes SuperButol as new low-cost high-octane blend component

Green Car Congress

A team from Saudi Aramco Research and Development Center has developed a novel low-cost, high-octane gasoline blend component it calls SuperButol. SuperButol is made from low-value mixed butenes using a new process the team has named Butenes to Butanol (BTB); it has slightly lower blending RON compared to MTBE but has lower blending vapor pressure and higher energy content compared to ethanol.

2017 163

GWU team develops low-cost, high-yield one-pot synthesis of carbon nanofibers from atmospheric CO2

Green Car Congress

A team led by Dr. Stuart Licht at The George Washington University in Washington, DC has developed a low-cost, high-yield and scalable process for the electrolytic conversion of atmospheric CO 2 dissolved in molten carbonates into carbon nanofibers (CNFs.) Recent interests are focusing on renewable feedstocks, i.e., lignin and cellulose, rather than conventional chemicals from the natural gas or petroleum industry.

2015 197

MIT engineers develop process that can treat produced water from gas wells at relatively low cost

Green Car Congress

A new desalination process developed by engineers at MIT could treat produced water—deep water, often heavily laden with salts and minerals—from natural gas wells at relatively low cost. However, because all the water must be heated to the boiling point, while the condensing surfaces must be kept cold, such a process is energy-intensive and therefore costly.

2013 190

Researchers demonstrate use of 3D printing to produce and operate light-weight, low-cost electrolyzers

Green Car Congress

The use of 3D printing allows construction of light-weight, low-cost electrolyzers and the rapid prototyping of flow field design. Porous gas diffusion layers (GDL), often made of titanium or carbon which transfer current from the flow plates and promote the release of the product gases from the electrolysis reaction. reported that the bipolar plate assembly is the highest cost component in the stack, representing nearly 40% of the overall cost.

2014 224

Johns Hopkins team plates Pt on cobalt to create low-cost, highly efficient fuel cell catalysts

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Johns Hopkins University, with colleagues at Purdue and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), have plated a one nanometer thick coating of platinum on a core of cobalt to create a cost-effective and highly efficient fuel cell catalyst. In this study, the team successfully suppressed such reactions by introducing carbon monoxide, a gas molecule that strongly binds to cobalt, protecting it from oxidation.

2018 150

SwRI, UTSA researchers show biochar is low-cost, effective method to treat fracking water

Green Car Congress

Flowback water treatment is a critical sustainability issue for the oil and gas industry. Once the water is used, the flowback, or wastewater, must be treated to remove hazardous chemicals before it is stored, reused or disposed, which can be a costly endeavor. Using biochar could help oil and gas companies save money and responsibly treat flowback water for reuse.

2014 221

Harvard team demonstrates new metal-free organic–inorganic aqueous flow battery; potential breakthrough for low-cost grid-scale storage

Green Car Congress

In a paper in Nature , they suggest that the use of such redox-active organic molecules instead of redox-active metals represents a new and promising direction for realizing massive electrical energy storage at greatly reduced cost. Wide-scale utilization of flow batteries is, however, limited by the abundance and cost of these materials, particularly those using redox-active metals and precious-metal electrocatalysts. Cell schematic.

2014 299

Calysta Energy engineering organisms to convert methane to low-cost liquid hydrocarbons; BioGTL process

Green Car Congress

Calysta is using its proprietary BioGTL biological gas-to-liquids platform to convert natural gas to liquid hydrocarbons. Start-up Calysta Energy plans to use methane as a feedstock for engineered organisms to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuels and high value chemicals that are cost-effective, scalable and reduce environmental impact. Bio-hydrocarbons Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) Natural Gas Synthetic Biology

2012 200

Hydrexia and HyGear partner on low-cost hydrogen distribution in Europe; solid state storage and delivery

Green Car Congress

The agreement between the two companies allows for development and supply of a complete hydrogen generation, storage and distribution system with a lower cost product for customers. Hydrexia is entering the European market in partnership with HyGear with the intention of becoming a distributor of the lowest cost hydrogen in Europe. According to Hydrexia, its systems are about half the capital cost ($/kg-H 2 ) of compressed hydrogen storage.

2015 188

Berkeley Lab working with Alphabet Energy to develop a low-cost thermoelectric system

Green Car Congress

With a $2-million grant from the California Energy Commission (CEC), Berkeley Lab is partnering with Alphabet Energy to create a cost-effective thermoelectric waste heat recovery system to reduce both energy use in the industrial sector and electricity-related carbon emissions. However, most current thermoelectric materials are limited by several factors, including high cost, low efficiency, and the inability to operate reliably at temperatures above 400 degrees Celsius.

2017 150

Argonne researchers make vanadium into a useful low-cost catalyst for hydrogenation

Green Car Congress

The vanadium catalyst exhibits unprecedented reactivity in liquid- and gas- phase alkene/alkyne hydrogenation. it remains unclear from this previous study whether the hydrogenation activity of these catalysts arose mainly from the low coordination of V(III) and/or from the redox-active ligand of the CatPOP support. Last, the vanadium atoms had to be “low-coordinated”, which means that there would be electronic room for the target molecules to bind.

2017 150

Berkeley Lab scientists generate low-cost, hybrid thermoelectric materials

Green Car Congress

Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have constructed a low-cost, nanoscale composite hybrid thermoelectric material by wrapping a polymer that conducts electricity around a nanorod of tellurium—a metal coupled with cadmium in today’s most cost-effective solar cells. Such devices can recover some of the energy embedded in waste heat, such as that produced by the exhaust gas of an IC engine.

BNL Researchers develop low-cost, efficient, non-noble metal electrocatalyst to produce hydrogen from water

Green Car Congress

A team of researchers led by Dr. James Muckerman at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) have developed a new class of high-activity, low-cost, non-noble metal electrocatalyst that generates hydrogen gas from water. Platinum is the gold standard for electrocatalysis, combining low overpotential with high activity for the chemical reactions in water-splitting.

2012 237

Georgia Tech team develops simple, low-cost process for oxide nanowires; superior separators for Li-ion batteries

Green Car Congress

The process could significantly lower the cost of producing the one-dimensional (1D) nanostructures, enabling a broad range of uses in lightweight structural composites, advanced sensors, electronic devices—and thermally-stable and strong battery membranes able to withstand temperatures of more than 1,000 ˚C. The dissolution process generates hydrogen gas, which could be captured and used to help fuel the heating step.

2017 163

UTSA, SwRI researchers developing low-cost method to treat fracking water using biochar

Green Car Congress

Researchers at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) and Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) are investing $200,000 in new research to develop a low-cost method to treat flow-back water following hydraulic fracturing. Flow-back water treatment is currently a critical sustainability issue for the oil and gas industry.

2013 188

Sandia researchers developing new family of metal-based ionic liquids for low-cost, efficient flow batteries

Green Car Congress

Sandia researchers have developed a new family of electrochemically reversible, metal-based ionic liquid (MetILs) that could lead to non-aqueous redox (reducing-oxidizing) flow-battery energy storage systems ( earlier post ) able to cost-effectively store three times more energy than today’s batteries. concentrations are low compared to what is currently. lower capital costs. technology to achieve aggressive capital cost goals of $100.

2012 235

New nickel-gallium catalyst could lead to low-cost, clean production of methanol; small-scale, low-pressure devices

Green Car Congress

In their paper, they suggested that this is a first step towards the development of small-scale low-pressure devices for CO 2 reduction to methanol. If hydrogen production is to be distributed and produced in small-scale devices, it would be attractive if the subsequent conversion of H 2 into a liquid fuel could also be performed in simpler, low-pressure decentralized units.

2014 221

Georgia Tech study suggests unlinking EVs from CAFE and coordinating with power sector for low-cost benefits

Green Car Congress

A team from Georgia Tech suggests, based on their modeling of electric vehicle (EV) adoption scenarios in each of six regions of the Eastern Interconnection (containing 70% of the US population), that coordinating EV adoption with the adoption of controlled EV charging, unlinking EVs from consideration in the CAFE fuel economy regulations; and implementing renewable electricity standards would deliver low-cost reductions in emissions and gasoline usage.

2013 207

Novel bi-metallic palladium-tungsten nano-alloy an efficient low-cost fuel cell catalyst; simple microwave synthesis

Green Car Congress

In a paper in the journal Nature Communications , they reported that despite a very low percentage of noble metal (?palladium:tungsten=1:8), Historically, platinum and its alloys have frequently been used as anodic and cathodic catalysts in fuel cells, but the high cost of platinum, due to its low abundance, has motivated researchers to find efficient catalysts based on earth-abundant elements. Considering the cost, it would be 40 times lower.

2014 190

Bio-inspired molybdenum sulfide catalyst offers low-cost and efficient photo-electrochemical water splitting to produce hydrogen

Green Car Congress

The DTU researchers created a device to harvest the energy from part of the solar spectrum and used it to power the conversion of single hydrogen ions into hydrogen gas. When they exposed the pillars to light, hydrogen gas bubbled up—as quickly as if they’d used platinum. The hydrogen gas-generating device is only half of a full photo-electrochemical cell.

2011 271

Transform Materials plasma process converts abundant natural gas into high-value hydrogen and acetylene

Green Car Congress

Transform Materials has developed a novel and sustainable microwave plasma reactor process to convert natural gas into high-value hydrogen and acetylene, thereby opening up a new pathway for green chemical manufacturing. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Natural Gas

2020 328

Researchers use chemical looping process to produce hydrogen from hydrogen sulfide gas

Green Car Congress

Researchers at The Ohio State University have used a chemical looping process to produce hydrogen from hydrogen sulfide gas—commonly called “sewer gas”.

GE-NRG Energy-ConocoPhillips JV invests in Glori Energy; low-cost enhancement to waterflooding EOR via microbial stimulation

Green Car Congress

This is the key to our ability to extract substantial crude oil from wells at low cost. billion equity in oil and gas assets since 1991. This complements GE Oil & Gas’ global position in advanced technology equipment and services.

2011 190

Iowa State researchers developing low-cost thermochemical process to produce sugars from biomass for bio-fuels and -chemicals; pyrolytic molasses

Green Car Congress

Fast pyrolysis involves quickly heating the biomass without oxygen to produce liquid or gas products. ” Low-cost sugars from biomass are a key enabler for many production pathways for bio-based fuels and chemicals. Iowa State University (ISU) researchers have developed technologies to efficiently produce, recover and separate sugars from the fast pyrolysis of biomass. ISU’s Robert C. Brown calls the result of the process “pyrolytic molasses.”

Iowa 174

C-Zero raises $11.5M Series A to produce clean hydrogen from natural gas via methane pyrolysis

Green Car Congress

a pioneer in natural gas decarbonization, recently raised $11.5 The funding will accelerate the first commercial-scale deployment of C-Zero’s drop-in decarbonization technology, which will allow industrial natural gas consumers to avoid producing CO 2 in applications such as electrical generation, process heating and the production of commodity chemicals such as hydrogen and ammonia. Emissions Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Natural GasC-Zero Inc.,

Gas 253

Use of a Low-Cost Electric Supercharger Could Significantly Reduce Smoke from Turbocharged Diesel Engines

Green Car Congress

Smoke emissions produced by turbocharged diesel engines under heavy load conditions—such as when accelerating from low engine speeds and other similar transient manoeuvres—can be all but eliminated under certain operating conditions by the addition of a relatively simple and low cost electric supercharger, suggests Controlled Power Technologies (CPT). Unlike mechanical superchargers and exhaust gas driven turbochargers, VTES operates independently of engine speed.

2009 174

Researchers develop technique to create new tailored molecule with high density of active catalytic sites; potential low-cost alternative to platinum for splitting water

Green Car Congress

This technique holds promise for the creation of catalytic materials with high densities of active sites that can serve as effective low-cost alternatives to platinum for generating hydrogen gas from water that is acidic. Molybdenite is one of the most widely used catalysts in industry today as the standard for hydrodesulfurization (HDS) of petroleum and natural gas.

2012 195

Nacero selects Topsoe’s TIGAS technology for gas-to-gasoline unit; reducing lifecycle carbon footprint up to 50%

Green Car Congress

Nacero has licensed Topsoe TIGAS (Topsoe Improved Gasoline Synthesis) technology for its multi-billion USD natural-gas-to-gasoline facility in Penwell, Texas to produce 100,000 barrels per day of gasoline component ready for blending into US commercial grades. Fuels Natural Gas

ARPA-E awarding $33M to 10 projects for natural gas pipeline retrofitting: REPAIR

Green Car Congress

REPAIR teams will develop natural gas transmission pipeline retrofitting technology to rehabilitate existing cast iron and bare steel pipes by creating new, robust pipes inside of old ones. Natural gas is a crucial energy source for 75 million American households and businesses. REPAIR teams will develop technology that enables gas utilities to update their distribution systems at low cost and continue to reliably service commercial and residential gas delivery needs nationwide.

2020 248

SwRI, UTSA seek to combine reverse water-gas shift and Fischer Tropsch synthesis in single reactor to produce low-carbon hydrocarbon fuels

Green Car Congress

Southwest Research Institute and The University of Texas at San Antonio (USTA) are collaborating to combine two catalytic processes into a single reactor, with the overall goal of recycling carbon from COCO 2 2 to produce low-cost hydrocarbon fuels. The first will react hydrogen with CO 2 to make carbon monoxide (CO) and the second will convert the CO and hydrogen, a blend known as synthesis gas or syngas, into liquid hydrocarbon fuel by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis.

Carbon 174

Cummins Westport B6.7N natural gas engine receives near zero emissions certifications; full NG engine portfolio now certified near zero

Green Car Congress

natural gas engine. meets California ARB optional Low NO x standard of 0.02 also meets 2021 EPA greenhouse gas emission (GHG) requirements. natural gas engine is available with ratings from 200 to 240 hp and up to 560 lb-ft. Emissions Engines Natural Gas

2020 238

DOE awards $25M to improve natural gas operations

Green Car Congress

Department of Energy (DOE) selected 16 projects to receive nearly $25 million in federal funding for cost-shared projects to advance natural gas infrastructure technology development. These projects aim to develop tools, methods, and technologies to enhance cost-effectively the safety and efficiency of the US’ natural gas production, gathering, storage, and transmission infrastructure. Predictive Self-Healing Seals for Gas Transmission. The US.

2020 174