MIT study finds fuel economy standards are 6-14 times less cost effective than fuel tax for reducing gasoline use

Green Car Congress

In a study published in the journal Energy Economics , MIT researchers have found that a fuel economy standard is at least six to fourteen times less cost effective than a fuel tax when targeting an identical reduction in cumulative gasoline use (20% by 2050). This analysis underscores the potentially large costs of a fuel economy standard relative to alternative policies aimed at reducing petroleum use and GHG emissions. Emissions Fuel Efficiency Policy

2013 241

Congressionally-created Commission Recommends Mileage Tax Instead of Fuel Tax for Transportation Infrastructure Financing

Green Car Congress

A bi-partisan Congressionally-created commission has recommended a shift from motor fuel taxes to direct fees charged to transportation infrastructure users—i.e., In order to support the transition from the gas tax to a mileage-based charge, the Financing Commission recommends a ten cent per gallon increase in the federal gas tax (15 cents for diesel) and indexing the tax to inflation going forward.

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Report: Tesla lobbied for higher taxes on gas and diesel vehicles in the UK

Green Car Reports

Tesla lobbied the United Kingdom government to raise taxes on gasoline and diesel cars in order to fund higher subsidies for electric cars, The Guardian reported Tuesday.

UK Government Pre-Budget Report Offers Tax Exemptions for EVs, £30M in Additional Support for Low-Carbon Vehicles; Annual Fuel Tax Increases and End of Duty Differential for Biofuels

Green Car Congress

In the Pre-Budget Report (PBR) released on 9 December, UK Chancellor Alistair Darling announced that all electric cars will be exempt from Company Car Tax (CCT) for 5 years and electric vans will be exempt from Van Benefit Charge (VBC) for the same period. A 100% first year tax allowance will also be provided for the purchase of electric vans subject to State Aid clearance. In his statement, the Chancellor may announce changes to taxes and new spending measures.

2009 170

DOE: Average annual gasoline taxes paid per vehicle, by state, 2019

Green Car Congress

According to the Federal Highway Administration, the average fuel economy for all light vehicles on the road today is 22.3 The Federal tax on gasoline is 18.4 cents per gallon, and each state has a gasoline tax, ranging from 8.95

2019 295

Motor vehicle taxation brings in €440.4B for governments in major European markets

Green Car Congress

The taxes fall into three broad categories: vehicle acquisition (VAT, sales tax, registration tax); ownership (annual circulation tax, road tax); and motoring (fuel tax). The top 5 countries with the highest motor tax revenues are: Germany ?

2020 249

Ryder San Francisco fueling facility offers 100% renewable diesel

Green Car Congress

Ryder System, a leader in commercial fleet management, dedicated transportation, and supply chain solutions, has begun to offer 100% renewable diesel (RD) fuel at its San Francisco fueling facility. Therefore, offering a better solution for fuel filters, elastomer seals and components, and storage tanks. —Chris Nordh, Ryder Director for Global Fuel Products.

New UK Report Welcomes Moves to Promote Green Cars but Stresses Importance of Policies to Reduce Car Use

Green Car Congress

The report reviews policies that bear upon two categories of choice: travel choices such as how and how far to travel and vehicle purchase choices. It also discusses fuel taxes and prices, which affect both travel and vehicle choices. Policies to promote these options include travel planning, fuel and road price increases, dedicated infrastructure or prioritization for non-motorized modes, and training and education campaigns.

2009 150

UC report to CalEPA outlines policy options to decarbonize California transportation by 2045

Green Car Congress

A team of transportation and policy experts from the University of California released a report to the California Environmental Protection Agency (CalEPA) outlining policy options to significantly reduce transportation-related fossil fuel demand and emissions. The studies are designed to identify paths to slash transportation-related fossil fuel demand and emissions while also managing a strategic, responsible decline in transportation-related fossil fuel supply.

Study finds behavior-influencing policies remain critical for mass market success of low-carbon vehicles

Green Car Congress

Policies to entice consumers away from fossil-fuel powered vehicles and normalize low carbon, alternative-fuel alternatives, such as electric vehicles, are vital if the world is to significantly reduce transport sector carbon pure-emissions, according to a new study. More than 90% of such vehicles are powered by internal combustion engines burning oil-derived fuels. However, carbon taxes can be critical in pushing electricity providers to decarbonize their operations.

2018 204

Belfer Center Study Concludes Reducing Car and Truck GHG Emissions Will Require Substantially Higher Fuel Prices; Income Tax Credits for Advanced Alt Fuel Vehicles Are Essentially Ineffective at Reducing Sector Emissions

Green Car Congress

A new study from the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs finds that reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transportation will be a much bigger challenge than many assume, and will require substantially higher fuel prices combined with more stringent regulations. Direct transportation (fuel) taxes generate the greatest reductions in CO 2 emission from transportation, achieving CO 2 emissions at 86% of 2005 levels by about 2025.

2010 192

New Zealand simplifies Road User Charges system, extends exemption for light electric motor vehicles from 2013 to 2020

Green Car Congress

Since some 36% of diesel is used off-road, such as on farms, by manufacturing, industrial and commercial ventures, and boats, a fuel tax for road use would impose an unfair burden onto these sectors, the government says.). On the other hand, gasoline, CNG and LPG powered vehicles pay for road use through fuel excise duty charged directly on the fuel they use. New Zealand is implementing revenue-neutral changes to its road user charges (RUC) system as of 1 August 2012.

2012 204

Congressional Budget Office estimates US federal policies promoting EVs and other fuel-efficient vehicles will cost $7.5B through 2019; little or no impact on gasoline use and GHG in the short term

Green Car Congress

Tax credits and gasoline prices necessary for various electric vehicles to be cost-competitive with conventional vehicles at 2011 vehicle prices. The nonpartisan US Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates that federal policies to promote the manufacture and purchase of electric vehicles, some of which also support other types of fuel-efficient vehicles, will have a total budgetary cost of about $7.5 —“Effects of Federal Tax Credits for the Purchase of.

2012 214

FedEx and VW EV Plans, Second GM Battery Factory – EV Week in Review: Mar 2 – Mar 8

EV Adoption

For example, by 2025, 50% of FedEx Express global PUD vehicle purchases will be electric, rising to 100% of all purchases by 2030.

BCG study finds conventional automotive technologies have high CO2 reduction potential at lower cost; stiff competition for electric cars

Green Car Congress

Based on our current projections, the well-to-wheel emissions advantage of EVs over ICE-propelled vehicles, currently estimated at 40 to 60 percent, will fall to 30 to 50 percent in 2020 as advances in ICE technologies narrow the gap and power generation from clean non-fossil fuels continues to grow slowly in most regions. Total cost of ownership economics for electric cars will also be significantly influenced by government incentives and fuel and electricity prices.

2011 210

IEA technology and policy reports outline paths to halving fuel used for combustion-engined road transport in less than 40 years

Green Car Congress

IEA fuel economy readiness index status, 2010. Two new reports—one on technology, the other on policy— released by the International Energy Agency (IEA) outline pathways to improve the fuel efficiency of combustion-engined road vehicles by 50% by the middle of the century, saving as much as four-fifths of current annual global oil consumption. Average fuel economy and new vehicles registrations, 2005 and 2008. Increase international collaboration on fuel economy.

2012 204

Study concludes significant additional transport policy interventions will be required for Europe to meet its GHG reduction goal

Green Car Congress

They estimated the number of new vehicles required and the adoption of new technologies and fuels based on their availability and cost effectiveness under projected scenario variables such as fuel price. They assessed purchaser technology choice for new vehicles on a cost-effectiveness basis using net present value (NPV) as a decision criterion, with parameters chosen to take account of factors such as consumer myopia with regard to fuel cost savings.

2012 179

GFEI report suggests $2T savings from fuel economy improvements in ICE vehicles through 2025 can help fund long-term transition to plug-ins

Green Car Congress

Fuel economy improvements from conventional internal combustion engine cars can save an estimated $2 trillion in fuel costs through 2025—and more in years after— according to a new working paper published by the Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI) prepared by Dr. Lew Fulton, Co-Director, NextSTEPS Program at the Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California at Davis. Thus a $500 tax would still allow consumers to keep 3?4

2013 196

Obama climate plan calls for new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018; cleaner fuels and investment in advanced fossil energy

Green Car Congress

Among the transportation-related elements of US President Barack Obama’s new climate action plan, which he is outlining today in a speech at Georgetown University, is the development of new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018. In 2011, the Obama Administration finalized the first fuel economy standards for Model Year 2014-2018 for medium- and heavy-duty trucks, buses, and vans. Climate Change Emissions Fuel Efficiency Fuels Heavy-duty Policy

2013 212

Green car incentives coming to Israel

Green Cars News

The eagerness to reward green car buyers for their purchases now looks likely to extend to Israel, where the finance ministry is planning new regulations on car purchasing according to Reuters. It is expected that the cars with the highest fuel consumption levels, such as SUVs, will face increased taxes and duties. Currently, purchase tax on many car models is 77 per cent of the car’s imported value - this percentage is expected to rise to 92 per cent.

Automotive Market Research Perspectives on Selling Green in a Try-to-Survive Market

Green Car Congress

Miller of Synovate believes that in the US “ 20% of the people are willing to pay up to 10% of the vehicle’s purchase price more (i.e. Edwards and Miller both emphasized the importance of a buyer’s emotion in purchasing a vehicle. It is tied to perceived quality, the customer’s impression that thought and detail went into the product and sacrifices in one area, seemingly unrelated to fuel efficiency can impact the overall perception. by Bill Cooke.

2009 163

National Research Council Report Explores Improving Fuel Economy of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles; Recommends Immediately Beginning Developing a Regulatory Approach

Green Car Congress

Comparison of 2015-2020 new vehicle potential fuel-saving technologies for seven vehicle types: tractor trailer (TT), Class 3-6 box (box), Class 3-6 bucket (bucket), Class 8 refuse (refuse), transit bus (bus), motor coach (coach), and Class 2b pickups and vans (2b). The report also recommends approaches that federal agencies could use to regulate these vehicles’ fuel consumption. This is called load-specific fuel consumption (LSFC).

2010 179

California ARB mods to ZEV regulations for IVMs would result in ~1.9% drop in total ZEV/TZEV units 2018-2025; no impact on air quality requirements

Green Car Congress

ARB staff estimated the proposed modifications could reduce total California deliveries of ZEVs (fuel cell and battery-electric vehicles) and TZEVs (Transition Zero Emission Vehicles, i.e., plug-in hybrids) by a total of about 26,000 units in the 2018 through 2025 timeframe out of the originally estimated 1,400,000 ZEVs and TZEVs for that period under the current regulation—i.e.,

2014 218

Proposed US Transportation Reauthorization Plan Links Greenhouse Gas Reductions to Transportation Planning

Green Car Congress

The Fund is replenished by revenue collected from motor fuel taxes. The situation has worsened with decreasing fuel purchases; the advent of more fuel-efficient vehicles in the future would also further stress the existing funding mechanism. The mainstay of funding is the 18.3-cent-per-gallon gasoline user fee, which has not been increased since 1993, and produces progressively less revenue as the fuel efficiency of automobiles increases.

2009 174

Energy Learning Curve Survey Finds Americans Support Wide Array of Proposed Energy Policies, But Are Not Yet Ready to Make Tradeoffs

Green Car Congress

However, the survey also found that the public may not yet be prepared for the tradeoffs and challenges needed to make these proposals a reality, with majorities rejecting measures such as a floor on gasoline prices, congestion charges, or higher fuel taxes. 57% reject a gsa tax even when it would be used to achieve “energy independence” (37% strongly). Tags: Fuel Efficiency Policy Surveys

2009 150

Profile: Li-ion Battery and Pack Supplier Valence Technology

Green Car Congress

In Great Britain vehicles are heavily taxed via fuel taxes, the value added tax, registration fees and location specific congestion charges and the cumulative effect of these taxes can have a significant impact on a vehicle’s operating cost. In May 2008, the Telegraph newspaper in the UK reported that British drivers paid 57 pence/liter or $2.99/ gallon of diesel in excise tax which doesn’t include the value added tax. by Bill Cooke.

2009 150

MIT Energy Initiative report on transforming the US transportation system by 2050 to address climate challenges

Green Car Congress

A new MIT Energy Initiative report spearheaded by John Heywood, Sun Jae Professor of Mechanical Engineering Emeritus at MIT, identifies three important paths forward reducing light-duty vehicle energy use and greenhouse gas emissions: improve the existing system and technologies for shorter-term benefits; conserve fuel by changing driver habits for nearer- to longer-term benefits; and transform the transportation system into one that is radically less carbon-intensive for longer-term benefits.

2016 163