MAN Engines showcasing D3876 diesel engine for EU Stage V locomotives without exhaust after-treatment systems

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One of its outstanding features is the in-line six, which meets the EU Stage V emission standard for locomotives without the need for an exhaust after-treatment system (EATS). The MAN D3876 LE63x meets EU Stage V for locomotives without the need for exhaust after-treatment systems.

2018 127

Continental shows off-road exhaust gas aftertreatment solutions

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At Agritechnica in Hanover, the world’s leading trade fair for agricultural machinery and equipment, Continental is presenting exhaust aftertreatment solutions for agricultural and construction machinery.

IAV develops new close-coupled diesel exhaust gas aftertreatment system for improved emissions reduction

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IAV has developed a particularly closed-coupled diesel exhaust gas aftertreatment (EAT) system. A key contribution to this performance must come from the exhaust gas aftertreatment system—across the entire speed and load range.

2017 98

Study finds engines emit exhaust nanoparticles even when not fueled during engine braking

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Exhaust particle size distributions measured by ELPI (color map) and particle concentration measured by CPC (white line) during individual engine braking conditions (speed change from 32 km/h to 0 km/h). The exhaust sample was taken from the exhaust manifold.

2014 134

DENSO and IBIDEN to collaborate on next-generation vehicle exhaust systems and vehicle electrification

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form ed a capital and business alliance jointly to develop next-generation vehicle exhaust systems. This collaboration will combine IBIDEN’s advantages in high-performance ceramic materials with DENSO’s advantages in developing products as systems to develop high-performance, simple and low-cost vehicle exhaust systems. DENSO has developed and provided systems components to better control the intake, power, and exhaust events in the operating cycle of gasoline and diesel engines.

2017 64

Corning expands light-duty vehicle exhaust filter capacity in Germany

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The new cordierite-based gasoline particulate filter (GPF) product family is designed to enable a range of system configurations as European car makers prepare to meet the new emissions standards. Corning Incorporated has boosted its light-duty vehicle filter capacity at its manufacturing facility in Kaiserslautern, Germany for both gasoline and diesel engined vehicles.

Viable exhaust-driven on-board ethanol reforming for improvements in fuel economy and emissions

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A team at Monsanto and colleagues at AVL Powertrain have successfully designed and demonstrated an onboard low-temperature ethanol reformer that can be driven by exhaust heat. Because exhaust-driven reforming uses only waste engine heat, it avoids this efficiency hit, the authors note.

2013 103

U. Houston-led project looking for new exhaust treatment catalysts for low-temperature lean-burn combustion engines

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A chemical engineer from the University of Houston is leading a $2.1-million project to find new catalytic materials that work at lower exhaust temperatures, allowing automakers to build vehicles that operate more efficiently while retaining the ability to clean emissions before they leave the tailpipe. Catalytic converters clean vehicle exhaust into nitrogen, water and carbon dioxide.

2017 64

WHO IARC classifies diesel exhaust as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1)

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After a week-long meeting of an expert working group, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), which is part of the World Health Organization (WHO), classified diesel engine exhaust (DEE) as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1), based on sufficient evidence that exposure is associated with an increased risk for lung cancer. In 1988, IARC classified diesel exhaust as probably carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A). and reductions in emissions through exhaust control technology.

Fisker Karma controls exhaust emissions

Green Cars News

Green cars Latest news Clean Diesel Technologies Electric cars extended range cars Fisker Fisker KarmaThe new plug-in petrol electric luxury saloon car, the Fisker Karma, will soon benefit from emission after-treatment catalysts after an agreement was reached with Clean Diesel Technologies Inc. Clean Diesel has already begun shipping the catalyst to Fisker with Charles Call, the company’s chief executive officer, believing its catalyst technology will meet Fisker’s high performance [.].

Karma 49

US study of miners links heavy exposure to diesel exhaust to increased risk of lung cancer death; researchers suggest implications for urban areas with high exhaust concentrations

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In a study of non-metal miners in the US, federal government scientists report that heavy exposure to diesel exhaust increased risk of death from lung cancer. According to the investigators, this is the first study based on estimates of quantitative historical exposure to diesel exhaust to yield a statistically significant, positive increase in lung cancer risk with increasing diesel exposure with adjustment for potential confounding from cigarette smoking.

New ORNL non-precious metal catalyst shows promise as low-cost component for low-temperature exhaust aftertreatment

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Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed a ternary mixed oxide catalyst composed of copper oxide, cobalt oxide, and ceria (dubbed “CCC”) that outperforms synthesized and commercial platinum group metal (PGM) catalysts for CO oxidation in simulated exhaust streams while showing no signs of inhibition—i.e., PGM catalysts are the current standard for emissions aftertreatment in automotive exhaust streams.

2015 73

HEI ACES study of lifetime animal exposure to New Technology Diesel Engine exhaust finds no lung cancer

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The first study to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of lifetime exposure to new technology diesel exhaust (NTDE)—i.e., exhaust from heavy-duty diesel engines meeting EPA 2007 and later emissions requirements—has found no evidence of carcinogenic lung tumors. Advanced Collaborative Emissions Study (ACES): Lifetime Cancer and Non-Cancer Assessment in Rats Exposed to New-Technology Diesel Exhaust.

2015 98

Bosch, DEUTZ, and Eberspächer restructure collaboration on diesel exhaust; Bosch acquiring all shares of BESG

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KG have agreed to restructure their collaboration in the area of diesel exhaust-gas treatment, with Bosch planning to acquire all the shares in Bosch Emission Systems GmbH & Co. BESG will continue to offer exhaust-gas treatment systems. Since it was set up in 2010, BESG has offered a modular system for treating the diesel exhaust gas of vehicles ranging from construction and agricultural machinery to trucks and buses.

DOE awards $17M to FY 2014 SBIR Phase II projects; includes Si/graphene anodes, motor windings, exhaust treatments

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Vehicle technologies span a range from new Si/graphene Li-ion anode materials and composites for motor windings to diesel aftertreatment and advanced lubricants. Hybrid Electric Turbocharger for Exhaust Energy Recovery and Transient Lag Reduction. The reduced fuel consumption will extend the effective range of the turbo vehicle. A Novel Exhaust after Treatment Catalyst.

2014 88

Fraunhofer researchers develop method for cost-effective titanium forming for car exhaust systems

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Fraunhofer researchers are presenting an economical titanium forming technology for car exhaust systems at the EuroBlech trade fair from 23 to 27 October in Hannover, Germany. Due to the lack of cost-effective forming technologies for titanium, manifolds, exhaust pipes, catalytic converters and mufflers are currently primarily manufactured from high-alloy stainless steel. However, titanium has a great deal of potential, especially for mass production of exhaust systems.

Siemens researching thermoelectric waste heat recovery for lower grade exhaust; industrial and mobile application

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To date, exhaust gas has generally only been used if it was hundreds of degrees Celsius hot. For example, the gas turbines in natural gas power plants produce exhaust gas that is used to generate steam for the operation of a steam turbine. Here, a prototype is being used to study the potential of recovering heat from a car’s exhaust. Siemens is researching technologies that would allow waste heat from vehicles and industrial facilities to be used efficiently.

Continental introducing new solutions for economic and efficient exhaust gas aftertreatment in commercial vehicles

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At the IAA in Hanover (Germany), Continental is presenting new solutions for exhaust gas aftertreatment in commercial vehicles. The technologies being shown are designed to help system suppliers and OEMs meet new exhaust emissions standards such as Euro VI (2013) and US10 /Tier4f. As the exhaust gas aftertreatment strategies are defined by the OEMs, it is part of our system competence to ensure that the individual components can be applied with a maximum amount of flexibility.

New Golf Variant TGI natural gas model now available to order; three tanks, more CNG range

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Third natural gas tank for additional range of 80 kilometres ›. The new Golf Variant model now features three natural gas tanks—instead of just two as before—once again increasing the already long range of the CNG drives. At the same time, the additional tank increases the range in natural gas mode by up to 80 kilometers compared to its predecessor. The new Volkswagen Golf Variant TGI with three natural gas tanks.

2019 84

New Tester Measures Urea Concentration in Diesel Exhaust Fluids

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The MISCO Palm Abbe DEF-201 is a handheld digital refractometer designed specifically for testing the concentration of urea-based Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF). Diesel Exhaust Fluid for diesel-powered vehicles employing Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) technology must be maintained within a very narrow concentration range of less than 1.5%

Environment Canada study finds vehicle exhaust a significant source of isocyanic acid; suggests consideration of new emission standard

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Researchers at Environment Canada have found that vehicle exhaust is a significant source of isocyanic acid (HNCO), a toxic gaseous acid that is a product of various forms of combustion and a potential health concern. In a paper published in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology , the team found that emission factors for HNCO ranged from 0.69 Automobile exhaust is also a known source of inorganic acids such as nitric (HNO 3 ) and nitrous (HONO) acids.

2013 74

PowerDriver simulations predict thermoelectric exhaust waste heat recovery output of 300W, -2.5% in fuel consumption; prototyping begins

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The European Union-funded PowerDriver project—a two-year, €3-million (US$4-million) research project initiated in February 2012 to turn exhaust gas waste heat into electricity using thermoelectric generator (TGEN) technology—has completed simulation work on on a potential automotive application. This is not least due to the fact that the TGEN is located within the exhaust line and is subject to significant thermal cycling.

2013 74

Nonthermal plasma torch reforming of exhaust gas for NOx trap regeneration

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Researchers from the Center for Energy and Processes (CEP), MINES ParisTec, and Renault are exploring the non-catalytic reforming of diesel fuel with diesel engine exhaust gas (i.e. The classical way to regenerate NO x trap catalysts consists of operating the engine under rich combustion conditions for a short while in order to produce reducing species in the exhaust gas, which will convert NO x into N 2.

Study finds high exhaust temperatures within NTE operation for heavy-duty diesels with aftertreatment systems contribute to high nanoparticle concentrations

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The transient results illustrate the gradual formation of the nucleation mode particles with continuous increase in exhaust temperatures. Diesel particulate filters (DPF) and urea-based selective catalytic reduction (SCR) exhaust after-treatment systems thus have emerged as feasible strategies to meet the 2010 USEPA regulations. However, higher exhaust temperatures resulted in total particle number concentration that were orders of magnitude higher.

2012 76

JCB New Ecomax T4 Engine Uses Ricardo Low Emissions Combustion Technology; Tier 4 Interim Level Emissions With No Exhaust Aftertreatment

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This technology enables the elimination of exhaust aftertreatment and provides a cost-effective, durable and high fuel economy solution for mid-range off-highway engine customers. The JCB EcoMax T4 Tier 4 engine. Click to enlarge. JCB introduced its new ‘Ecomax T4’ 4.4

2010 93

First results from HEI/ACES murine study find few biologic effects from exposure to exhaust from new technology diesel engines

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The few effects that were reported for the rats were mild hyperplasia (cell proliferation) in the lungs and slightly reduced lung function, and were most consistent with exposure to nitrogen oxides in the engine exhaust, which are being further reduced under 2010 US EPA standards now in effect. ACES is a comprehensive effort, supported by a wide range of public and private entities (The US Department of Energy, US Environmental Protection Agency, California Air Resources Board, Engine.

2012 73

ORNL Researchers Find Thermochemical Exhaust Heat Recuperation In Internal Combustion Engines Could Provide Substantial Boosts in Second-Law Efficiency

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When reforming is not used, the fuel and exhaust pass through CV2 unchanged. Thermochemical exhaust heat recuperation (TCR) in an internal combustion engine could result in substantial boosts in second-law efficiency (as measured in terms of single-stage work output from an ideal IC engine) for a range of fuels, according to a new study by researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Schematic of the conceptual ideal piston engine used for the TCR study.

2010 84

Effect of syngas composition on combustion and exhaust emission characteristics in a dual-fuel engine operated in PREMIER combustion mode

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The coefficient of variation of the indicated mean effective pressure (COVIMEP) was less than 4% for all types of fuel at various equivalence ratios, indicating that the combustion was within the stability range for engine operation. Ulugbek Azimov, Eiji Tomita, Nobuyuki Kawahara, Yuji Harada (2011) Effect of syngas composition on combustion and exhaust emission characteristics in a pilot-ignited dual-fuel engine operated in PREMIER combustion mode.

2011 68

CPT showcases full range of 48V systems at Aachen

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Controlled Power Technologies (CPT) is showcasing its range of 48V systems at the Aachen Colloquium this week: its Cobra electric compressor, SpeedStart belt-integrated starter-generator, SpeedTorq drivetrain motor-generator, and TIGERS exhaust energy recovery system. CPT’s switched-reluctance motor-generator units can be applied throughout the powertrain for torque assist and kinetic energy recovery, as well as recovering energy from exhaust gases.

2016 74

PwC: Global Carbon Budget For 2000-2050 Could Be Exhausted By 2034

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A business-as usual emissions trajectory could exhaust the world’s 2000-2050 carbon budget as early as 2034. serious problem ranging from 90% for Brazil and 67% for India, to 46% for Indonesia, 44% for Russia and the United States, and 30% for China.

2009 64

TM4 and Cummins jointly developing range-extended electric plug-in powertrain for Class 7/8 buses

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The project aims to provide transit authorities with a flexible, more efficient drivetrain and a longer range zero-tailpipe-emission capability for inner-city routes. The range-extended electric drive system comprises a gen-set (Cummins’ Euro 2019 B4.5

2017 91

2017 Range Rover Sport gains new Ingenium 2.0L diesel as option; semi-autonomous driving tech

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For the 2017 Model Year, Range Rover Sport will debut the new 2.0-liter four-cylinder Ingenium diesel engine ( earlier post ), manufactured at Jaguar Land Rover’s own engine plant in Wolverhampton, UK.

2016 95

Lotus to Introduce Range Extender Engine

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The Lotus 1.2-liter, 3-cylinder Range Extender engine with integrated electrical generator. Lotus Engineering will unveil its Range Extender engine at the 63 rd Frankfurt International Motor Show next week. Key features of the Range Extender engine include: Monoblock.

2009 108

SAE Publishes Revised J1711 Standard to Measure Exhaust Emissions and Fuel Economy of Hybrids and Plug-in Hybrids

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A revised J1711 standard from SAE International— J1711 - Recommended Practice for Measuring the Exhaust Emissions and Fuel Economy of Hybrid Electric Vehicles, including Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles (J1711 JUN2010)— provides the procedures to accurately measure exhaust emissions and fuel economy of hybrid (HEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV). There are two basic exhaust emissions and fuel economy tests described in J1711.

2010 68

Techrules unveils production design of series-hybrid Ren RS with micro-turbine range extender; 330 km/h

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The modular chassis design permits a variety of powertrain configurations to provide the range and performance capabilities required by the customer. The range extender system uses a turbine to drive a generator which charges the battery pack.

2018 95

VW bringing EA211 1.4L turbo direct-injection engine to Jetta range in US

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Volkswagen is introducing the 1.4-liter EA211 four-cylinder turbocharged and direct-injection TSI engine into the Jetta range, replacing the previous naturally aspirated 2.0-liter engine that was used in the S model and the 1.8T

2015 101

PSA evaluating Aquarius Engines’ free-piston linear generator for range-extender

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PSA Groupe is evaluating a free-piston engine linear-generator under development by Israel-based start-up Aquarius Engines for use as a range-extender in its electric vehicles. Each of the piston rods has a cavity extending to an exhaust opening. Exhaust.

2016 78

Wrightspeed unveils new turbine range extender for medium- and heavy-duty electric powertrains; 30% more efficient than current microturbine generators

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a developer of range-extended electric vehicle powertrains for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles ( earlier post ), has unveiled the Fulcrum, a new proprietary turbine generator for use in its Route family of electric powertrains (Route for Class 3-6, Route HD for Class 7-8). Wrightspeed Inc.,

2015 154

Jaguar Land Rover introduces plug-in hybrid model to Range Rover Sport line-up: the P400e

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Jaguar Land Rover has introduced its first plug-in hybrid vehicle as part of the Range Rover Sport line-up. The Range Rover Sport P400e emits only 64g CO 2 /km on the NEDC combined cycle and offers an all-electric range of up to 31 miles (51 km) without the gasoline engine running.

China R&D company introduces micro-turbine range extender technology at Geneva

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TREV is a range extender system that uses a micro-turbine (fueled either by liquid or gaseous fuels) to generate electricity that charges a battery pack. The high efficiency of the TREV range extender results in a requirement for fewer batteries, saving weight and space.

2016 104

New 2016 Range Rover Evoque with new Ingenium diesel will deliver up to 56 mpg; Geneva debut

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Land Rover will stage the world debut of the MY 2016 Range Rover Evoque. 2016 Range Rover Evoque. Selective catalytic reduction and a new low-pressure exhaust gas recirculation system significantly reduce NO x emissions.

2015 138

Toyota doubles the electric range in the new version of Prius PHEV with 8.8 kWh pack

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km) of all-electric range—twice the electric range of the previous model with its 4.4 On one 11.3-gallon tank of regular-grade gasoline and a full electric charge, the 2017 Prius Prime anticipates a class-leading estimated total driving range of over 600 miles (966 km).

2016 85

Scania adds 13-liter biodiesel engines to its Euro 6 range

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Both SCR and EGR are used in the aftertreatment of the exhausts. The attributes of biodiesel fuel lead to an increased proportion of ash in the exhaust fumes, leading to shorter service intervals and a slightly increased consumption of fuel. Scania is presently offering 17 engines in its Euro-6 range, of which four can be run on 100% biodiesel. Torque and power curves for the 490 hp biodiesel engine. Click to enlarge.

2014 76