Ricardo advances hydrogen engine; testing prototype at University of Brighton

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Ricardo has developed a hydrogen-fueled research engine which could offer a renewable, economic and durable technology solution to accelerate zero-carbon emissions in heavy duty trucks, off-highway machines and marine vessels. Engines Heavy-duty Hydrogen

Photocatalytic optical fibers convert water into hydrogen

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Researchers at the University of Southampton have transformed optical fibers into photocatalytic microreactors that convert water into hydrogen fuel using solar energy. Zepler Institute, University of Southampton.

2020 307
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University of Louisville researchers working on new HER catalysts for water-splitting; $1M from NSF, DOE

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Researchers at the University of Louisville are developing new catalyst materials for the hydrogen evolution reaction in water splitting, where the bond between hydrogen (H 2 ) and oxygen is released. The current catalyst used in electrolyzers for the production of H 2 from water is platinum, which is very expensive. The partnership is led by chemistry professors Robert Buchanan and Craig Grapperhaus, and Gautam Gupta, associate professor of chemical engineering in the J.B.

Cambridge researchers develop standalone device that makes formic acid from sunlight, CO2 and water

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Researchers at the University of Cambridge, with colleagues at the University of Tokyo, have developed a standalone device that converts sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into formic acid, a carbon-neutral fuel, without requiring any additional components or electricity.

2020 339

University of Utah engineers develop fast method to convert algae to biocrude

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Researchers at the University of have developed an unusually rapid method to deliver cost-effective algal biocrude in large quantities using a specially-designed jet mixer. The team’s results were published in an open-access paper in a new peer-reviewed journal, Chemical Engineering Science X. bacteria, fungi, and algae) may be grown on non-arable land and with saline water, wastewater or/and produced water from mineral and petroleum extraction.

2019 232

University of Houston team demonstrates new efficient solar water-splitting catalyst for hydrogen production

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Researchers from the University of Houston (UH) have developed a cobalt(II) oxide (CoO) nanocrystalline catalyst that can carry out overall water splitting with a solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of around 5%. The project involved researchers from UH, along with those from Sam Houston State University, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Texas State University, Carl Zeiss Microscopy LLC, and Sichuan University.

Rice University lab develops dual-surface graphene electrode to split water into hydrogen and oxygen

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Researchers in the Rice University lab of chemist James Tour have produced dual-surface laser-induced graphene (LIG) electrodes on opposing faces of a plastic sheet that split water into hydrogen on one side and oxygen on the other side. A two-sided electrocatalyst developed at Rice University splits water into hydrogen on one side and oxygen on the other. Illustration of the integration of catalytic LIG electrodes as a full water electrolyzer. (a)

2017 150

Brown research provides new design principle for water-splitting catalysts

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Scientists have long known that platinum is by far the best catalyst for splitting water molecules to produce hydrogen gas. A new study by Brown University researchers shows why the precious metal works so well—and it’s not the reason that’s been assumed.

2020 227

Researchers review risk to water resources from unconventional shale gas development in US

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A team from Duke University, Stanford University, Dartmouth College and Ohio State University has published in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology an overview and synopsis of recent investigations (as of January 2014) into one set of possible environmental impacts from unconventional shale gas development: the potential risks to water resources. Health Natural Gas Water

2014 250

BP awards Colorado State University $5M to research technology for oil recovery from watered-out wells

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Colorado State University has obtained a 5-year, $5-million grant from BP to study mechanisms involved with technology for oil recovery from “watered-out” wells. The term watered-out refers to a well that has begun producing large amounts of water—often occurring with waterflooding for enhanced oil recovery—thereby making oil production unprofitable. Upward of 70% of the petroleum can remain in the rock formations of many watered-out wells.

2012 214

DOE selects 2 projects to demonstrate feasibility of enhanced water recovery; producing usable water from CO2 storage sites

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has selected two projects that will test emerging enhanced water recovery (EWR) technologies for their potential to produce useable water from CO 2 storage sites. The purpose of BEST field projects are to develop and to validate engineering strategies and approaches for managing formation pressure, as well as plume movement in the subsurface, through brine extraction. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Water

2016 150

Columbia University engineers make breakthrough in understanding electroreduction of CO2 for conversion to electrofuels

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Researchers at Columbia University have solved the first piece of the puzzle; they have proved that CO 2 electroreduction begins with one common intermediate, not two as was commonly thought. In addition, our insight into CO 2 activation at the solid-water interface will enable researchers to better model the prebiotic scenarios from CO 2 to complex organic molecules that may have led to the origin of life on our planet.

2018 179

MAN presents hydrogen roadmap; use in fuel cells and combustion engines

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MAN is testing both the use of a fuel cell and an H 2 combustion engine. When in use, fuel cells do not cause any climate-damaging emissions, as they only emit water vapor. Cooperation with universities is also planned. Engines Fuel Cells Heavy-duty Hydrogen

2020 372

Empa and partners exploring DME as fuel with new heavy-duty test engine

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Empa, together with FPT Motorenforschung AG Arbon, Politechnico di Milano, lubricant manufacturer Motorex and other partners, is exporing the use of DME as a fuel for heavy-duty engines. The diesel engine on the Empa test facility was tuned to DME. We already know this engine very well.

2020 333

Ecoclean cuts BMW engine plant robot cell power and water consumption by ~30%

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At the BWM Group’s engine plant in Steyr (Austria), in a reference project accompanied by the Technical University of Vienna, Ecoclean Monschau (formerly Dürr Ecoclean) has significantly raised the energy efficiency of a. The system’s electric power and water consumption were each cut by. The first EcoCFlex unit for cleaning and deburring engine components went into service at the BMW Group in 2005. Water consumption in particular was too.

2017 163

Bath University and SAIC Motor team up to investigate gasoline particulate filter performance

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The University of Bath and SAIC Motor UK Technical Centre are collaborating on a project to identify the most efficient conditions for the optimum performance of gasoline particulate filters (GPFs), to help minimize vehicle impact on the environment. The ‘GPF Burn rate and Low Temperature Reactivity’ project will last 14 months and utilize the University’s state of the art Chassis Dynamometer in its Centre for Low Emission Vehicle Research (CLEVeR).

2018 204

Rice U team creates low-cost, high-efficiency integrated device for solar-driven water splitting; solar leaf

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Rice University researchers have created an efficient, low-cost device that splits water to produce hydrogen fuel. The current flows to the catalysts that turn water into hydrogen and oxygen, with a sunlight-to-hydrogen efficiency as high as 6.7%.

2020 222

Researchers discover novel water-assisted approach to double or triple rate of furfural conversion

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Researchers at the University of Oklahoma, in collaboration with the University of Tulsa, have a novel approach for the water-assisted upgrading of the renewable chemical furfural, doubling or tripling the rate of conversion. Compared to the vapor phase, liquid-phase heterogeneous catalysis provides additional degrees of freedom for reaction engineering, but the multifaceted solvent effects complicate analysis of the reaction mechanism.

2019 186

SwRI, UTSA seek to combine reverse water-gas shift and Fischer Tropsch synthesis in single reactor to produce low-carbon hydrocarbon fuels

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Southwest Research Institute and The University of Texas at San Antonio (USTA) are collaborating to combine two catalytic processes into a single reactor, with the overall goal of recycling carbon from COCO 2 2 to produce low-cost hydrocarbon fuels. The work, led by Dr. Grant Seuser of SwRI’s Powertrain Engineering Division and Dr. Gary Jacobs of UTSA’s College of Engineering, is supported by a $125,000 grant from the Connecting through Research Partnerships (Connect) Program.

Carbon 170

Insight into benzene formation could help development of cleaner combustion engines

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The researchers say that their findings, recently published in an open-access paper in the journal Science Advances , are key to understanding how the universe evolved with the growth of carbon compounds. That insight could also help the car industry make cleaner combustion engines.

LANL and WSU researchers develop high-performance anion exchange membrane water electrolyzer with nickel-iron catalyst

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Currently the most popular system used for water electrolysis for hydrogen production relies on precious metals as catalysts. A collaborative research team, including scientists from Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Washington State University (WSU), has developed a nickel-iron (NiFe)-based catalyst, which is much less expensive, but which delivers comparable performance.

2020 170

DOE awarding $35M to 11 projects for hydrokinetic turbine development; ARPA-E SHARKS

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The multi-disciplinary nature and challenges of HKT design requires expertise from a range of scientific and engineering fields working together concurrently. The University of Michigan. University of Washington. University of Virginia. University of Alaska Fairbanks.

2020 339

Double-duty catalyst generates hydrogen fuel while cleaning up wastewater

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Researchers from Sun-Yat Sen University in China report in an open-access paper in ACS ES&T Engineering the development of a catalyst that destroys medications and other compounds already present in wastewater to generate hydrogen fuel, getting rid of a contaminant while producing something useful.

Clean 222

University of Kentucky chemist receives NSF grant to study atmospheric reactions of pollution

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University of Kentucky Chemistry Professor Marcelo Guzman has received a three-year grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) for research, education and outreach efforts in the field of environmental and atmospheric chemistry. My work with environmental chemistry focuses on the interaction of gases with organic compounds present in low water activity environments such as the atmospheric aerosol, clouds and fog.

Colorado State University Professor Developing Anaerobic Digester With Lower Water Requirements; Targeted at US Western States

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A Colorado State University professor is developing an anaerobic digester that turns animal waste into methane using much less water than conventional technology, making it more economically feasible and easier for use by feedlots and dairies in Western states. In the arid West, you pay for water rights, so water use is very controlled and there’s a financial motivation for producers to conserve water, which is why management practices are different.

2010 161

Novel microsphere photocatalysts show good performance for water splitting and water cleaning

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Researchers at the National University of Singapore and the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) in Singapore have produced novel microsphere catalysts that can improve water quality in daylight and also generate hydrogen as a green energy source. In addition to decomposing harmful molecules in water, photocatalysts are used to split water into its components of oxygen and hydrogen.

2014 185

University at Buffalo-led team reports viable Mn-based catalyst for PEM fuel cells

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A University at Buffalo-led research team has developed an efficient platinum group metal (PGM)-free catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in PEM fuel cells that consists of atomically dispersed nitrogen-coordinated single Mn sites on partially graphitic carbon (Mn-N-C). —lead author Gang Wu, PhD, associate professor of chemical and biological engineering in UB’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences.

2018 204

Researchers split water by altering photosynthetic machinery in plants; semi-artificial photosynthesis

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A new study, led by academics at St John’s College, University of Cambridge, has used semi-artificial photosynthesis to explore new ways to produce and store solar energy. They used natural sunlight to convert water into hydrogen and oxygen using a mixture of biological components and manmade technologies. Here, we report a bias-free semi-artificial tandem platform that wires photosystem II to hydrogenase for overall water splitting.

2018 190

MIT engineers develop process that can treat produced water from gas wells at relatively low cost

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A new desalination process developed by engineers at MIT could treat produced water—deep water, often heavily laden with salts and minerals—from natural gas wells at relatively low cost. The new technology is described in a series of papers recently published in three journals: the International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer , Applied Energy and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers’ AIChE Journal.

2013 185

MIT Researchers Engineer Viruses as Scaffolds for Photocatalytic Water Oxidation

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A team of MIT researchers, led by Dr. Angela Belcher, has engineered a common bacteriophage virus (M13) to function as a scaffold to mediate the co-assembly of zinc porphyrins (photosensitizer) and iridium oxide hydrosol clusters (catalyst) for visible light-driven water oxidation. The viruses become wire-like devices that can very efficiently split the oxygen from water molecules using solar energy. TEM images of the virus-templated IrO 2 nanowires.

2010 184

Auburn University leads $2M DOE Co-Optima project to evaluate renewable butyl acetate as diesel fuel additive

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Auburn University researchers are leading a $2-million US Department of Energy Co-Optima project ( earlier post ) that will evaluate renewable butyl acetate (BA) as a bio-based fuel additive that can be blended with diesel fuel to reduce soot and greenhouse gas emissions and yield cleaner engine operation in cold-weather conditions. Joining as collaborators in the research are Cornell University, the University of Alabama, Virginia Tech and corporate partners Microvi Biotech Inc.

2018 211

Stanford team sets record for solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of solar water splitting: >30%

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Researchers at Stanford University have demonstrated solar water splitting by photovoltaic-electrolysis with a solar-to-hydrogen (STH) efficiency of more than 30%—a new record. Hydrogen generation via solar water splitting represents a promising solution to these challenges, as H 2 can be stored, transported and consumed without generating harmful byproducts. However, the thermodynamic minimum voltage required to electrolyse water is only 1.23 V

2016 241

GE and National University of Singapore to Establish US$100 Million Water Technology Center

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GE Water, a business unit of GE Energy, and the National University of Singapore (NUS) have signed an agreement to establish the NUS-GE Singapore Water Technology Center on the campus of NUS. Together, GE and NUS are investing US$100 million (SGD$150 million) in the NUS-GE Singapore Water Technology Center. billion people lack access to safe drinking water. billion people will be living in water-scarce areas.

2009 150

New photochemical diode artificial photosynthesis system doubles efficiency of solar water splitting

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Researchers in Canada have demonstrated a new photochemical diode artificial photosynthesis system that can enable efficient, unassisted overall pure water splitting without using any sacrificial reagent. overall water splitting reaction. nm), the energy conversion efficiency and apparent quantum yield reaches ~8.75% and ~20%, respectively—the highest values ever reported for one-step visible-light driven photocatalytic overall pure water splitting.

2018 174

Free piston/ORC system for automotive waste heat recovery being tested at University of Brighton

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A prototype automotive waste heat recovery system has been fired up on a recently commissioned test rig at the University of Brighton. In addition, the system provides a larger single-stage expansion ratio which suits ethanol/water Rankine cycles. By integrating the electrical machine into the cylinder wall, rather than attempting to isolate it with seals, the high friction losses often encountered by free piston engine developers are reduced.

2015 192

Univ of Illinois team mixed metals with perchloric acid to create stable, efficient catalyst for water splitting

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Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have mixed metal compounds with perchloric acid to create a stable, efficient electrocatalytic material for the oxygen evolution reaction in acidic media. Electrolyzers use electricity to break water molecules into oxygen and hydrogen. In a recent study, we found if a compound has two metal elements—yttrium and ruthenium—-and oxygen, the rate of water-splitting reaction increased.

2018 207

Integrated solar-driven system for electrochemical energy storage and water electrolysis for H2 production

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A team from UCLA and colleagues from Tarbiat Modares University and Shahed University in Iran have devised an integrated solar-powered system for both electrochemical energy storage and water electrolysis. The Ni-Co-Fe LDH exhibited excellent electrochemical properties both as an active electrode material in supercapacitors, and as a catalyst in the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) for water splitting.

2017 163

SwRI, UTSA researchers show biochar is low-cost, effective method to treat fracking water

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Researchers at Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) and The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) have determined that biochar, a substance produced from plant matter, is a safe, effective and inexpensive method to treat flowback water following hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. Flowback water treatment is a critical sustainability issue for the oil and gas industry. Using biochar could help oil and gas companies save money and responsibly treat flowback water for reuse.

2014 218

New robust triple-layer bifunctional catalyst for water splitting with earth-abundant materials

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A new robust and highly active bifunctional catalyst developed by Rice University and the University of Houston splits water into hydrogen and oxygen without the need for expensive metals such as platinum. The work, the team suggests, provides a facile strategy for fabricating highly efficient electrocatalysts from earth-abundant materials for overall water splitting. Credit: Desmond Schipper/Rice University).

2017 150

EPA awards $6.6M to universities for black carbon research

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million in grants to eight universities in support of black carbon research. Black carbon is the sooty black material emitted from diesel-powered engines and vehicles, industries like brick kilns and coke ovens, traditional cookstoves, and other sources that burn fossil fuels or biomass. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has awarded more than $6.6

2011 200

NSF announces $55M toward national research priorities; intersection of food, energy and water systems

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The National Science Foundation (NSF) has made 11 awards totaling $55 million aimed at building research capacity to develop new innovations at the intersection of food, energy and water systems and to address fundamental questions about the brain. The RII Track-2 awards support research while also requiring award recipients to invest in developing a science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) workforce—particularly of early-career faculty researchers.

2016 150

Researchers create efficient, simple-to-manufacture photoanode for solar water-splitting

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Researchers at Rice University and the University of Houston created an efficient, simple-to-manufacture core/shell photoanode with a highly active oxygen evolution electrocatalyst shell (FeMnP) and semiconductor core (rutile TiO 2 ) for the photoelectrochemical oxygen evolution reaction (PEC-OER) for solar water splitting. Credit: Whitmire Research Group/Rice University) Click to enlarge.

2017 163

KAUST team alters atomic composition of MoS2 to boost performance as water-splitting catalyst for H2 production

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Researchers at KAUST have developed and used a novel way of increasing the chemical reactivity of a two-dimensional molybdenum disulfide material to produce a cheap and effective catalyst for water splitting to produce hydrogen. One route to hydrogen generation is by electrolysis: passing an electrical current through water via two electrodes to cause a chemical reaction that breaks the water molecule into its component hydrogen and oxygen atoms.

2017 200