International team develops strategy for higher-loading single atom catalysts

Green Car Congress

Rice University engineers have led the development of a process that uses functionalized graphene quantum dots to trap transition metals for higher metal loading single-atom catalysis.

Fourteen States Considering Zero Emission Light-Duty Sales Requirements

EV Obssesion

In September 2020, the governor of California signed an Executive Order requiring zero emissions for all new light-duty passenger vehicles by 2035. Thirteen other states may also be on a path to end sales of new light-duty passenger vehicles powered by internal combustion engines […].

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VW’s 1.0 TSI in the new up! GTI wins International Engine of the Year 2018 award in its category; Euro 6d-TEMP

Green Car Congress

GTI1 has been named International Engine of the Year 2018 in its category. The 85 kW / 115 PS gasoline-fired engine is the first of its kind to be combined with a four-way catalytic converter and installed in the up! Exhaust gas after-treatment paired with innovative features inside the engine enables the GTI engine to meet the new EU 6AG (Euro 6d-TEMP) emission standard. The compact, lightweight four-valve engine delivers 115 PS at between 5,000 and 5,500 rpm.

2018 251

Tula Technology presents findings on its Dynamic Motor Drive at the 42nd International Vienna Motor Symposium

Green Car Congress

on the Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP) cycle for an average electric vehicle. Tula Technology, Inc.,

ORNL-led team developing breakthrough high-temperature, high-strength Al alloy for advanced light-duty engines

Green Car Congress

A team led by researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is developing a lower-cost cast aluminum (Al) alloy capable of at least a 50 ˚C temperature increase over the current cylinder head alloys 319 and 356 for use in light duty engines. Having such a higher-temperature alloy for use in the head can be a game changer for light-duty engines, suggested Dr. J Allen Haynes, ORNL propulsion materials program manager.

2016 219

Achates Power building 2.7L opposed-piston light-duty engine; exceeding CAFE 2025, Tier 3 targets at lower cost

Green Car Congress

Stemming from a major project partially funded with a $9-million grant from the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) to develop an opposed-piston two-stroke gasoline compression ignition engine (OPGCI) ( earlier post ), Achates Power announced it is developing a 2.7-liter, 3-cylinder (i.e., six-piston) light-duty version of its opposed piston engine (OPE) in both diesel- and gasoline-fueled versions. Air pumping is decoupled from the engine cycle.

2017 217

Hyundai Mipo Dockyard receives green light from Lloyd’s Register for ammonia-fueled ships

Green Car Congress

a unit of Korea Shipbuilding, has been given the green light for its ammonia-propelled ships from Lloyd’s Register. Hyundai Mipo Dockyard intends to commercialize the ammonia-propelled ships by 2025 in cooperation with global engine maker MAN Energy Solutions and Lloyd’s Register. Korea Shipbuilding & Offshore Engineering Co.,Ltd., Ammonia Emissions Engines Fuels Ports and MarineHyundai Mipo Dockyard Co.,

2020 179

ORNL researchers use stop-light cameras to reduce fuel consumption of less-efficient vehicles via traffic management

Green Car Congress

Approximately 6 billion gallons of fuel are wasted in the US each year as vehicles wait at stop lights or sit in dense traffic with engines idling, according to US Department of Energy estimates. —Tim Gee, principal computer vision engineer at GRIDSMART.

2020 301

EPA official: the future of the internal combustion engine is bright and clear

Green Car Congress

“ The future of the IC engine is bright and clear; I don’t think that could be any more obvious to all of us ,” said Byron Bunker, Director, Heavy Duty Engine Center, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, US Environmental Protection Agency during his remarks in a panel discussion on the role for internal combustion engines in the energy future at the US Department of Energy’s 2011 Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research Conference (DEER) in Detroit.

2011 224

Federal Mogul develops advanced aluminum piston for high-performance light-duty diesel engines

Green Car Congress

demands of very high-power diesel engines. BMW is the first to use the piston in its triple-turbo 3.0-liter diesel (N57D30S1) engine applied in the M550d xDrive, with a specific power output of 93 kW/liter (124 bhp/liter). internal friction. downsized diesel engines with improved fuel economy and CO 2 emissions. —Arnd Baberg, Chief Engineer Piston Product Engineering, Federal-Mogul. Diesel Engines Materials

2012 229

Insight into benzene formation could help development of cleaner combustion engines

Green Car Congress

That insight could also help the car industry make cleaner combustion engines. The industrial processes behind crude oil refineries and the inner-workings of gas-powered combustion engines can emit PAHs, which can form into toxic air pollutants such as soot.

SAE International promoting recommended practice for measuring aerodynamic performance for light duty vehicles

Green Car Congress

SAE International is promoting “J2881: Measurement of Aerodynamic Performance for Mass-Produced Cars and Light-Duty Trucks”, a recommend practice detailing procedures to measure the aerodynamic performance of passenger vehicles, such as mass-produced cars and light-duty trucks intended primarily for individual consumers.

2011 170

New BMW Brilliance engine plant with light metal foundry in China; high-voltage battery production to come

Green Car Congress

BMW Brilliance Automotive (BBA) opened a new engine plant with a light metal foundry in Shenyang today. The new location will produce the latest generation of the BMW TwinPower Turbo three and four-cylinder gasoline engines and forms part of the BBA production network based in Shenyang in Northeastern China. In addition to combustion engines, the new engine plant will also produce high-voltage batteries for future Plug-in Hybrid models. Light metal foundry.

2016 163

MAN Engines showcasing D3876 diesel engine for EU Stage V locomotives without exhaust after-treatment systems

Green Car Congress

At InnoTrans 2018, the International Trade Fair for Transport Technology, MAN Engines is exhibiting the D3876 LE63x for locomotives, which produces 471 kW (632 hp) at 1,800 rpm. As a result of not including an EATS, our engines can be used all around the world – whether at EU Stage V or in less strictly regulated markets. —Lorenz Panknin, Head of Rail Sales at MAN Engines. The modular EATS’ components from MAN Engines can be flexibly positioned.

2018 245

Navistar reaches development agreement with EcoMotors International on Opposed-Piston, Opposed-Cylinder Engine 22

Green Car Congress

Cutaway diagram of the opoc engine. Navistar International Corporation has reached a development agreement with EcoMotors International in support of the company’s opoc (Opposed-Piston, Opposed-Cylinder) engine architecture. EcoMotors International’s first product targeted for commercial application is a turbo-diesel version of the opposed-piston, opposed-cylinder engine. The opoc engine has very high power density of nearly one horsepower per pound.

2011 191

Dana expands TM4 SUMO electric powertrain offerings into commercial-vehicle, light-duty platforms

Green Car Congress

When integrated with one of Dana’s numerous electrified axle solutions, the TM4 SUMO LD can be configured for light-commercial, minibus, and medium-duty truck and bus, as well as heavy-duty Class 8 hybrid vehicles. The SUMO LD series has been engineered into multiple Spicer Electrified products and is able to be adapted to the architecture requirements of our customers, from direct-drive solutions to fully integrated e-Axle designs.

2019 211

Mahle Jet Ignition ready to be integrated into existing production engines

Green Car Congress

MAHLE Powertrain’s (MPT’s) latest development of its passive MAHLE Jet Ignition (MJI) technology ( earlier post ) can now be added into existing engine designs with only minimal changes to the final machining process. A whole system engineering approach is the way to get the best from MJI.

2020 209

Ricardo and Piaggio develop twin-cylinder turbodiesel engine family for light commercial vehicles

Green Car Congress

Piaggio has designed and developed a new twin-cylinder turbodiesel engine—the first engine of this type to be certified Euro 5 emissions compliant—in partnership with Ricardo. The engine is part of a family of new engines spanning Piaggio light commercial vehicles across international markets. This product delivers 47 kW with low fuel consumption and quoted CO 2 emissions in the Piaggio Porter light van of 127 g/km. Diesel Engines

2010 179

VW signals with light, Lexus teases EV, Volvo delegates engine development: Today’s Car News

Green Car Reports

Volvo is done developing internal-combustion engines. And VW is using light to send messages. Well, almost; it’s delegating them to a new joint venture with parent Geely. Electrify Canada is pushing out some very high-power fast-charging hardware. Lexus will show the new iteration of an electric city car that’s likely production-bound. Today in Car News

2019 62

Light duty RCCI can deliver engine-out Tier 2 Bin 5 NOx; potential for 52% gross indicated efficiency

Green Car Congress

A study by Sage Kokjohn, Senior Engineer in Combustion Research at Cummins Inc., Rolf Reitz of the University of Wisconsin found that reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) ( earlier post ) in a light-duty engine can meet Tier 2 Bin 5 NO x levels without aftertreatment, while offering a 4% improvement in fuel consumption and 7.3% Their paper is published in the International Journal of Engine Research.

2013 184

New Delphi 500+ bar GDi system cuts particulates by up to 50% without engine changes

Green Car Congress

Building off its 350 bar GDi (Gasoline Direct Injection) system, Delphi Technologies has developed a 500+ bar GDi system that can reduce particulate emissions by up to 50% without expensive engine re-designs for the majority of applications. With an innovative new sealing system and a new, downsized plunger, Delphi Technologies’ high-efficiency fuel pump delivers the increased pressures needed without increasing the load on the on the engine’s camshaft.

2019 195

Hyundai introduces hydrogen fuel cell H350 light commercial van concept at IAA

Green Car Congress

Hyundai Motor is introducing a hydrogen fuel cell concept version of its H350 light commercial van at the 2016 IAA Commercial Vehicle Show in Hannover. The powertrain study shows the potential for the company’s advanced hydrogen fuel cell technology in the light commercial vehicle (LCV) segment.

2016 221

ICCT working paper highlights benefits of current and emerging light-duty diesel technology; “promising pathway for compliance”

Green Car Congress

The International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), one of the organizations at the root of uncovering the Volkswagen diesel emission scandal ( earlier post ), has published a new analysis of developments and trends in advanced diesel engine technology. The ICCT team—John German and Aaron Isenstadt—concluded that diesels have and will retain two significant advantages over gasoline engines: significantly better fuel economy and cargo hauling and towing ability.

2017 174

Achates showcases 2.7L, 3-cylinder opposed piston gasoline compression ignition engine in F-150; estimated 37 mpg combined

Green Car Congress

At the North American International Auto Show (NAIAS), Achates Power and new development parter Aramco Services ( earlier post ) showcased a Ford F-150 fitted with a 3-cylinder, 2.7-liter Opposed-Piston Gasoline Compression Ignition (OPGCI) engine. The OP engine produces 270 hp and 480 lb-ft (651 N·m). The OP Engine eliminates the cylinder head for an improved surface-area-to-volume ratio of the combustion chamber for reduced heat transfer and rejection.

2018 251

Delphi develops new high-pressure common rail systems for heavy-duty and light-duty engines; Euro VI and beyond

Green Car Congress

Delphi Automotive has developed a common rail fuel system technology for heavy-duty diesel engines that combines proven hardware with an innovative architecture, allowing vehicle manufacturers to meet Euro VI emissions standards without significant modification to their base engines. At the same event, Delphi also revealed a new common rail system for small, one- to four-cylinder diesel engines, including non-automotive applications. New Common Rail system for small engines.

2012 179

Ricardo demonstrates processes for evaluating light-duty diesel emissions under coming Real Driving Emissions (RDE) regs

Green Car Congress

Despite the continuing and significant reductions in the legislated limits of light-duty diesel vehicle NO x emissions under the European Euro 1 through 5 regulations of recent years, many studies have demonstrated that real-world NO x emissions appear not to have been reduced as significantly. A Ward, T A Downes, R D Sellers, M J Campbell (2015) “ Cost Effective Diesel Engine and After-treatment Technology for Future Emissions Control ” JSAE Annual Congress, 2015.

2015 184

U. of Wisconsin RCCI combustion work progressing; modeled 53% gross indicated efficiency in a light-duty engine could result in 2x fuel savings compared to SI gasoline

Green Car Congress

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin Engine Research Center ( ERC ) led by Dr. Rolf Reitz are developing a dual-fuel compression-ignition engine low-temperature combustion (LTC) strategy called reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) ( Earlier post.) The team has modeled a 53% gross indicated efficiency for the improved light-duty engine. Improving RCCI results in a light-duty engine. (Part 2 of a series on low-temperature combustion).

2011 212

When They Electrified Christmas

Cars That Think

In much of the world, December is a month of twinkling lights. Whether for religious or secular celebrations, the variety and functionality of lights have exploded in recent years, abetted by cheap and colorful LEDs and compact electronics. But decorative lights aren't new.

Comparative study finds that B20 increases emission rates of a number of pollutants in both light- and medium-duty diesel engines at idle

Green Car Congress

L engines at idle. A new study led by researchers at the University of Michigan compared regulated and unregulated emissions from both light-duty passenger car (1.7 L) diesel engines at idle and load, using a biodiesel blend (B20) and conventional ultralow sulfur diesel (ULSD) fuel. They found that the level of emissions of regulated and unregulated pollutants in diesel exhaust depends on fuel, load, engine calibration, and exhaust aftertreatment technology.

2012 200

Chrysler Group files S-1 for IPO; snapshot of R&D priorities; exploring a light-duty hydraulic hybrid

Green Car Congress

We are focused on delivering improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions through smaller and optimized engines. Our engine mix is intentionally moving toward smaller, 4-cylinder engines.” It is focusing its efforts on five areas aimed at reducing fuel consumption and emissions: vehicle energy use (weight, aerodynamics, and rolling resistance); engines; transmissions; axles and drivelines; and hybrid propulsion and alternative fuel technologies. Engines.

2013 225

Study explores emissions impact of hydraulic injector nozzle flow rate and high injection pressures on a light-duty diesel engine

Green Car Congress

A study by Carsten Rollbusch at Robert Bosch GmbH’s Diesel Systems, Engineering Vehicle and Engine Test Laboratory in Germany has found that a reduced hydraulic injector nozzle flow rate is beneficial for part-load emission performance, while in full-load operation, the beneficial effect of reduced flow rates cannot be detected. The study appears in the International Journal of Engine Research.

2011 200

Gen 5 2019 Toyota RAV4 debuts at New York International Auto Show; 2.5L inline-4 and Toyota Hybrid System

Green Car Congress

Toyota introduced the fifth-generation RAV4 at the New York International Auto Show. The new RAV4 offers two powertrains: the Dynamic Force 2.5-liter inline-four-cylinder engine with VVT-iE mated to an 8-speed Direct-Shift Automatic Transmission, which motivates the five gas models; and the Dynamic Force 2.5-liter inline-four-cylinder Toyota Hybrid System II (THS II) engine with Electronically-Controlled Continuously-Variable Transmission (ECVT), which activates the four hybrid models.

2018 186

Calls for an international 48V electrical standard for vehicles; looming WLTP implementation

Green Car Congress

At the 2 nd International Conference Automotive 48 V Power Supply Systems , held last week in Düsseldorf, Germany, Controlled Power Technologies (CPT), a major sponsor of the event, together with leading car makers and Tier 1 suppliers, argued the need for an internationally agreed 48V electrical standard. the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP). mph] and potentially to provide torque assist at other road speeds including during engine-off coasting.

2014 218

Prototype light metro electric trainset with supercapacitor energy storage

Green Car Congress

Railway Gazette International. CSR Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive introduced a prototype light metro electric trainset which uses banks of supercapacitors for energy storage. Developed in conjunction with Chinese Academy of Engineering, the trainset has underfloor power pick-ups which are used to charge the roof-mounted supercapacitor unit from a fixed supply while the train is stood at a station.

2012 221

Ricardo partners with Excel Engineering to deliver testing and prototype services; Excel acquiring Ricardo’s Michigan Test Center and Personnel

Green Car Congress

the North American operating arm of UK-based Ricardo plc and specialists in advanced propulsion, software and thermal management, signed an agreement to partner with Iowa-based Excel Engineering, which includes the sale of Ricardo’s Michigan engine testing and prototype facility. The facility provides Excel with capabilities in light-duty and heavy-duty engine testing and capacity to test alternative fuels as well as advanced battery and hybrid drive systems.

2020 170

New international study finds lab testing of diesel NOx emissions underestimates real-world levels by up to 50%

Green Car Congress

A new international study has found that laboratory tests of nitrogen oxide emissions from diesel vehicles significantly underestimate the real-world emissions by as much as 50%. The research, led by the International Council on Clean Transportation and Environmental Health Analytics, LLC., For light-duty vehicles, such as passenger cars, trucks, and vans, the European Union produced nearly 70% of the excess diesel nitrogen oxide emissions.

2017 201

R?sselsheim Engineering Center developing next four-cylinder gasoline engine generation for Groupe PSA; optimized for hybrids

Green Car Congress

The Rüsselsheim Engineering Center will take on the global responsibility for the development of the next-generation of high-efficiency gasoline engines for all Groupe PSA brands (Peugeot, Citroën, DS Automobiles, Opel and Vauxhall). The next generation of four-cylinder engines will be optimized for operation in combination with electric motors and will be used in the drive train of hybrid systems. —Opel’s Managing Director Engineering, Christian Müller.

2018 174

1st International Conference on Materials for Energy

Green Car Congress

Society for Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology), a non-profit scientific and technical society based in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, and partners are organizing the 1 st International Conference on Materials for Energy , to be held in Karlsruhe, Germany 4-8 July 2010. The DECHEMA Gesellschaft für Chemische Technik und Biotechnologie e.

2010 170

US DRIVE releases comprehensive cradle-to-grave analysis of light-duty vehicle GHGs, cost of driving and cost of avoided GHGs

Green Car Congress

The US DRIVE Cradle-to-Grave Working Group has published the “Cradle-to-Grave Lifecycle Analysis of US Light-Duty Vehicle-Fuel Pathways: A Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Economic Assessment of Current (2015) and Future (2025–2030) Technologies” Argonne National Lab Report. Light-Duty Vehicle-Fuel Pathways: A Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Economic Assessment of Current (2015) and Future (2025-2030) Technologies” ANL/ESD-16/7.

2016 230

ORNL study finds multi-mode RCCI can offer 15%+ fuel economy improvements across multiple light-duty driving cycles

Green Car Congress

A team at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has added to the growing body of work exploring the applications and benefits of reactivity-controlled compression ignition (RCCI) by simulating the fuel economy and emissions for a multi-mode RCCI–enabled vehicle operating over a variety of US drive cycles using experimental engine maps for multi-mode RCCI; conventional diesel combustion; and a 2009 port-fuel injected gasoline engine.

2015 191

Achates Power and Aramco Services Company partner on opposed-piston engine projects; Opposed-Piston Gasoline Compression Ignition (OPGCI)

Green Car Congress

and Saudi Aramco’s US-based subsidiary Aramco Services Company (ASC) have signed a joint development agreement providing the framework for the two companies to work together on a series of Opposed-Piston (OP) Engine projects, which will speed the development of new efficient, low-emissions powertrain choices. OP engine. GCI engines operate at higher compression ratios than conventional gasiline engines, thus improving overall thermal e?ciency. Achates Power, Inc.

2018 210

Cummins ATLAS light-duty diesel surpasses fuel economy targets, with criteria emissions lower than Tier 2/Bin 2

Green Car Congress

The Advanced Technology Light Automotive Systems (ATLAS) program ( earlier post ) was initiated to develop a commercially viable diesel engine for the half-ton pickup truck market that is capable of meeting future Tier 2 Bin 2 emissions regulations and Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) and stringent greenhouse gas (GHG) requirements out to the year 2025. —Michael Ruth, Director/Technical Project Leader, Advanced Light-Duty. Diesel Emissions Engines Fuel Efficiency

2015 179

KAIST team explores mode transition between low-temperature and conventional combustion in a light-duty diesel

Green Car Congress

A team at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) reports on the effect of operating parameters such as rate of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) change, residual gas, EGR path length, fuel injection pressure and engine speed on the mode transition between low-temperature combustion (LTC) and conventional combustion in a light-duty diesel engine. However, the absolute time for mode transition was shorter at faster engine speeds.

2012 196