Monash study on solar-driven electrolysis for green hydrogen production cautions on life-cycle emissions and EROI

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of hydrogen is currently produced via water electrolysis and only a fraction of this production is powered by renewable energy. Solar farm electricity generation was determined using average global horizontal irradiance (GHI) for Learmonth, Western Australia of 2,200 kWh m -2 yr -1.

Solar 359

Argonne study compares life cycle emissions of battery-grade lithium carbonate and lithium hydroxide from brines and ores

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The LCA covers material, water, and energy flows associated with lithium acquisition; lithium concentration; production of lithium chemicals, battery cathode powders, and batteries; and associated transportation activities along the supply chain.

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Study: 2/3 of aviation climate impact due to emissions other than CO2

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of the human-made climate impact; two-thirds of this impact are caused by emissions other than CO 2 , according to a new study by researchers in Europe and the US. This new study is based on a thorough review of a decade of research on aviation emissions. Aviation accounts for 3.5%

2020 351

New $30M ARPA-E program to produce renewable liquid fuels from renewable energy, air and water

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The US Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) announced up to $30 million in funding for a new program for technologies that use renewable energy to convert air and water into cost-competitive liquid fuels. ( ARPA-E’s Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-dense Liquids (REFUEL) program seeks to develop technologies that use renewable energy to convert air and water into Carbon Neutral Liquid Fuels (CNLF).

2016 192

Ford Becomes First Automaker to Join the Water Disclosure Project

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Ford Motor Company is the first automaker and one of several companies taking a leadership position in joining the Water Disclosure Project , which will establish a water disclosure protocol for companies around the world and promote conservation and stewardship. The initiative is sponsored by the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP), which established the disclosure and reporting framework used by 2,500 of the world’s largest companies to report carbon emissions.

Water 257

Toyota and DIFFER partner on direct solar production of hydrogen from humid air, rather than water

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The Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research ( DIFFER ) is partnering with Toyota Motor Europe (TME) to develop a device that absorbs water vapor, and splits it into hydrogen and oxygen directly using solar energy. New sustainable fuels are needed 1) to decrease dependence on fossil fuels, and 2) to lower the emission of greenhouse gasses. This group had been working on a method to split water in the vapor phase instead of the liquid phase, which is much more common.

2019 263

Study finds methane emissions from coal mines ~50% higher than previously thought

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In addition to coal mining, other major sources of methane emissions globally include wetlands, agriculture, and oil and gas facilities. Kholod said that when a closed mine is flooded, water stops methane from leaking almost completely within about seven years. Methane emissions are a constant concern at coal mines, which vent the gas as it is emitted when coal seams are disturbed. The study analyzed future methane emissions from coal mines under a range of scenarios.

Coal 257

Roskill expects only 3.2% reduction in shipping emissions of spodumene concentrate by 2030; order of magnitude below IMO ambition

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Shipping emissions form a significant part of the commodity supply chain’s carbon footprint, particularly for those commodities reliant on the mass transport of low-grade ores and concentrates. or in water with a high concentration of lithium carbonate (brine).

Study: expanding Brazilian sugarcane for ethanol could reduce global CO2 emissions by up to 5.6%

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Vastly expanding sugarcane production in Brazil for conversion to ethanol could reduce current global CO 2 emissions by as much as 5.6%, according to a new study by an international team led by researchers from the University of Illinois. of net CO 2 emission globally relative to data for 2014. Sugarcane-based ethanol production in Brazil today is much more efficient than corn ethanol, and generates only 14%of the carbon dioxide emissions of petroleum.

2017 150

New Jeep Wrangler 4xe PHEV joins Renegade and Compass 4xe models in global electric vehicle lineup

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The 2.0-liter turbocharged I-4 engine is part of FCA’s Global Medium Engine family. Like all Trail Rated Jeep Wranglers, the Wrangler 4xe is capable of water fording up to 30 inches (76 cm). The Jeep brand has introduced its new Wrangler 4xe plug-oin hybrid.

2020 319

Researchers find bio-inspired high-tech surfaces on hulls could greatly reduce drag and CO2 emissions of ships; up to 1% of global CO2

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If ship hulls were coated with special bo-inspired high-tech air trapping materials, up to 1% of global CO 2 emissions could be avoided according to a new study by researchers from the University of Bonn together with colleagues from St. The main reason for this is the high degree of drag between hull and water, which constantly slows the ship down. The water velocity at the surface boundary layer is zero. (b)

2019 200

US DOI report highlights impacts of climate change on Western water resources

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The US Department of the Interior released a report that assesses climate change risks and how these risks could impact water operations, hydropower, flood control, and fish and wildlife in the western United States. The report, which responds to requirements under the SECURE Water Act of 2009, details several increased risks to western United States water resources during the 21 st century. SECURE Water Act Report. Climate Change Climate Change Adaptation Water

Cummins announces PLANET 2050 strategy; net-zero carbon emissions by 2050

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By 2050, Cummins is targeting net-zero carbon emissions. PLANET 2050 focuses on three priority areas: addressing climate change and air emissions; using natural resources in the most sustainable way; and improving communities. Specific 2030 goals related to parts, products, and company-managed facilities and operations are: Reduce absolute greenhouse gas emissions from facilities and operations by 50% (science-based target). Cummins Inc.

2019 226

Nissan FY 2014 global corporate activities reduce CO2 emissions by 22.6% compared to FY 2005

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made progress in reducing CO 2 emissions and improving sustainability in its global corporate activities in fiscal year 2014 while simultaneously increasing vehicle production and plant energy efficiency. cut in CO 2 when compared to fiscal year 2005, thus achieving its goal to reduce CO 2 emissions from corporate activities by 20% during that period. In fiscal year 2014, NESCO proposed solutions to reduce CO 2 emissions by 50,000 tons. Nissan Motor Co.,

2015 191

Ford aims to cut water use

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We’re used to hearing about carmakers aiming to reduce emissions – but now Ford has set its sights on cutting its water use. The American carmaker wants to cut the amount of water it uses in making each vehicle by 30 per cent globally by 2015; this would mean the amount used to make a [.]. Ford Green cars Latest news Ford water use Global Water Management Initiative water usage

Water 42

EPIC index finds air pollution reduces global life expectancy by 1.8 years; single greatest threat to human health

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Fossil fuel-driven particulate air pollution cuts global average life expectancy by 1.8 The Air Quality Life Index (AQLI) establishes particulate pollution as the single greatest threat to human health globally, with its effect on life expectancy exceeding that of communicable diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS, behavioral killers such as cigarette smoking, and even war. Seventy-five percent of the global population, or 5.5 Emissions Health

2018 246

Study finds climate impact of hydropower varies widely

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It is commonly thought that the greenhouse gas emissions from hydropower plants are similar to those of wind-generated power facilities. However, most studies of hydropower’s climate impact have neglected certain factors, such as changes in carbon dioxide emissions that occur when natural landscapes are flooded to create reservoirs for hydropower plants, as well as the near-term warming from associated methane emissions.

2019 180

Researcher urges more effort on assessment of land and water impacts of oil sands production; reference point for other unconventional fuels

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Bitumen production from the Canadian oil sands provides a point of reference that could be used to observe and better manage the land and water impacts of a rapid transition to unconventional fuels, suggests Dr. Sarah Jordaan of the Energy Technology Innovation Policy Research Group, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University. The two types of bitumen production—surface mining and thermal in situ production—have different land and water impacts.

Ford hits CO2 manufacturing emissions reduction target of 30% per vehicle 8 years early

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Ford Motor Company has met its goal to reduce manufacturing CO 2 emissions eight years ahead of schedule. The goal, set in 2010, aimed to reduce the company’s global carbon dioxide emissions from manufacturing operations by 30% per vehicle produced by 2025. The results are significant, with a global manufacturing CO 2 emissions reduction of more than 3.4 Ford also remains focused on reducing vehicle emissions. Emissions Manufacturing

2018 247

California 2017 GHG inventory shows 1.2% total drop from 2016; transportation sector emissions up 1%

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The California Air Resources Board’s latest state inventory of greenhouse gas emissions shows that California’s GHG emissions continue to decrease. In 2017, emissions from GHG emitting activities statewide were 424 million metric tons of CO 2 equivalent (MMTCO 2 e), 5 MMTCO 2 e lower than 2016 levels and 7 MMTCO 2 e below the 2020 GHG Limit of 431 MMTCO 2 e. Trends in California GHG Emissions. Changes in emissions by Scoping Plan sector between 2000 and 2017.

2019 199

New ORNL tool to assess global freshwater stress suggests that population growth could be a bigger factor in water availability than increasing temperatures

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Our work establishes a new method to couple geographic information system data with global climate outputs and statistical analysis. Our tool provides a simple method to integrate disparate climate and population data sources and develop preliminary per capita water availability projections at a global scale. At that time, it was unusual to integrate population, climate and water data into one model.

2012 200

Study measures the effect of regional change in clouds caused by ships’ emissions; masking GHG warming

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The result implies that globally, cloud changes caused by particles from all forms of industrial pollution block 1 Watt of solar energy per square meter of Earth’s surface, masking almost a third of the present-day warming from greenhouse gases. In climate models, if you simulate the world with sulfur emissions from shipping, and you simulate the world without these emissions, there is a sizable cooling effect from changes in the model clouds due to shipping.

2020 191

BNEF report finds hydrogen promising decarbonization pathway, but carbon prices and emissions policies required

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The falling cost of making hydrogen from wind and solar power offers a promising route to cutting emissions in some of the most fossil-fuel-dependent sectors of the economy, such as steel, heavy-duty vehicles, shipping and cement, according to a new report from BloombergNEF (BNEF).

2020 206

Study finds global carbon emissions reached 10 billion tonnes in 2010

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Global carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels have increased by 49% in the last two decades, according to the latest figures from the Global Carbon Project. Half of the emissions remained in the atmosphere, where CO 2 concentration reached 389.6 The remaining emissions were taken up by the ocean and land reservoirs, in approximately equal proportions. On average, fossil fuel emissions have risen by 3.1%

2011 200

Final session on international mercury convention this week expected to culminate in agreement; UNEP Global Mercury Assessment 2013 finds industrial source Hg emissions may be rising

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Comparison of Hg emissions in 2005 and 2010, by selected sector and region. Unintentional emission sectors: Coal burning, ferrous- and non-ferrous (Au, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn) metal production, cement production. Intentional-use sectors: Disposal and incineration of product waste, cremation emissions, chlor-alkali industry. UNEP produced its first Global Mercury Assessment in 2002 and a subsequent study in 2007. —Global Mercury Assessment 2013. Emissions Policy

2013 216

DLR: cleaner aircraft emissions reduce the climate impact of contrail cirrus

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Impact of a reduction in initial ice crystal number, as may be caused by reduced soot emissions, on global contrail cirrus properties. Relative change in contrail cirrus a in-cloud ice water content and b ice crystal volume radius at 240?hPa In our theoretical estimates, we found that a significant reduction in soot emissions is required to reduce the climate impact of contrails effectively. Aviation Climate Change Emissions Fuels

2019 226

Audi begins initial engine testing of Global Bioenergies, Fraunhofer e-gasoline

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Audi and its development partners Global Bioenergies S.A. In the first step, Global Bioenergies produces gaseous isobutene (C 4 H 8 ) in a demonstration plant. Currently, only a small part of Global Bioenergies’ ton scale isobutene production is directed toward e-fuels, using Fraunhofer’s lab scale conversion unit. Audi engineers are now examining the combustion and emission behavior of the renewable fuel in a test engine.

2018 183

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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CRI, founded in 2006 in Reykjavik, Iceland, is developing technology to produce renewable methanol from clean energy and recycled CO 2 emissions. Geely is committed to achieving the long-term goal of zero emissions mobility through a diverse suite of new energy solutions, including renewable methanol vehicle technology. This is an important symbol of Geely Group’s global commitment to sustainability. There were no evident changes of THC and NO x emissions.

2015 205

NSF announces $55M toward national research priorities; intersection of food, energy and water systems

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The National Science Foundation (NSF) has made 11 awards totaling $55 million aimed at building research capacity to develop new innovations at the intersection of food, energy and water systems and to address fundamental questions about the brain. Research at the nexus of food, energy and water. Studies will focus on identifying the presence, extent and timing of harmful algal blooms as they relate to water quality.

2016 150

Neste-led project verified 50% methane emission reduction at palm oil mills using belt filter press

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Neste has been exploring ways to contribute to improving palm oil industry’s environmental performance, particularly how to further reduce greenhouse gas emission from palm oil production. Recently, the focus has been on methane (CH 4 ) emissions at the palm oil mills since milling process accounts for a significant share of life cycle emissions of palm oil products. A belt filter dewaters by applying pressure to solids to squeeze out the water.

2018 212

U of Birmingham scientists launch project to tackle global clean cold challenge

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Scientists from the University of Birmingham launched a major research project to investigate how “clean cold” could help to achieve almost all of the United Nations’ (UN) global Sustainable Development Goals. The 17 Global Goals include abolishing poverty and hunger; providing good healthcare and education; raising peoples’ quality of life; and cleaning up the environment, while promoting economic growth. Clean cold is, therefore, central to achieving the Global Goals.

2017 163

Chevrolet introduces second-generation Duramax 4-cylinder diesels; global engine

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The new Duramax engine was engineered in Europe and the US, with global application as one of its developmental objectives. The new Duramax engine is Euro-4 compliant and can be upgraded to meet Euro-5, -6 and US emission standards. Better efficiency also means better reliability, economy as well as lower emission levels. —Nicola Menarini, Global Chief Engineer, GM Powertrain. Water-cooled turbo. New Duramax 4-cylinder diesel. Click to enlarge.

2013 264

Researchers demonstrate electrochemical synthesis of ammonia from air and water under mild conditions

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Globally 131 million tons of ammonia were produced in 2010. Globally 245 million tons of CO 2 were released by the ammonia industry in 2010 equivalent to about 50% of the UK CO 2 emissions (495.8 is well known that some higher plants can synthesize ammonia or its derivatives directly from air and water at room temperature. To the best of our knowledge, there is no report on artificial synthesis of ammonia direct from air and water.

2013 220

Allison Transmission announces global availability of 9-speed transmission, expanded electrification portfolio at IAA CV

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At IAA Commercial Vehicles, Allison Transmission announced that it will offer its medium-duty, fully automatic 9-speed transmission globally, and that it has developed an electric hybrid system with purely electric extended range. The Allison 9-speed model leverages the proven durability of the Allison 2000 Series 6-speed transmissions, which have accumulated more than 100 billion miles globally. Support for additional applications and global regions is planned.

2018 204

WHO links 7 million premature deaths annually to air pollution; 12.5% of total global deaths

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The World Health Organization now estimates that in 2012 around 7 million people died—one in eight (12.5%) of total global deaths—as a result of air pollution exposure. Estimates of people’s exposure to outdoor air pollution in different parts of the world were formulated through a new global data mapping. The 2005 “WHO Air quality guidelines” offer global guidance on thresholds and limits for key air pollutants that pose health risks. Emissions Health Policy

2014 286

Study finds heavy-petroleum fuels raising vanadium emissions; human emissions outpacing natural sources by factor of 1.7

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Human emissions of the potentially harmful trace metal vanadium into Earth’s atmosphere have spiked sharply since the start of the 21 st century due in large part to industry’s growing use of heavy oils, tar sands, bitumen and petroleum coke for energy, a new Duke University study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) finds. Human emissions of vanadium to atmosphere now exceed natural sources by a factor of 1.7 Emissions Oil Oil sands

2017 150

Study Finds Water Footprint for Bioenergy Larger Than Other Forms of Energy; Bioelectricity the Smallest, Biodiesel the Largest

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Total weighted global average water footprints (blue and green) for major ethanol and biodiesel crops in m 3 water per GJ fuel. The yellow marker (also left axis) indicates the total weighted global average WF for bioelectricity from the same crops. The red marker (right axis) indicates liters of water required to produce one liter of fuel. Gray WF: volume of water that becomes polluted during production.

2009 150

Study on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Global Cities Highlights Importance of Geophysical and Technical Factors

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By including upstream emissions from fuels, GHG emissions from cities exceed those attributed to direct end-use by up to 24% (for Toronto). An international study of 10 global cities found that a balance of geophysical factors (climate, access to resources, and gateway status) and technical factors (power generation, urban design, and waste processing) determine the greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) attributable to cities. The relatively high emissions for Geneva (1.72

2009 174

Lancet Commission report estimates pollution responsible for 9 million premature deaths globally in 2015; 16% of deaths

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Pollution is the largest environmental cause of disease and premature death in the world today, according to the newly released report detailing the adverse effects of pollution on global health by the The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health. Pollution in low-income and middle-income countries that is caused by industrial emissions, vehicular exhaust, and toxic chemicals has particularly been overlooked in both the international development and the global health agendas.

2017 174

Allison Transmission launches eGen Flex, new zero-emission-capable electric hybrid system

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Allison Transmission, the largest global manufacturer of medium- and heavy-duty fully automatic transmissions and a supplier of commercial vehicle propulsion solutions, including electric hybrid and fully electric propulsion systems, launched its new zero-emission-vehicle (ZEV)-capable electric hybrid system, the eGen Flex, as the initial product offering under its new Allison eGen brand. Since 2003, Allison has delivered more than 9,000 electric hybrid propulsion systems globally.

2020 180

Canada adopts stricter emissions standards for ships; further alignment with US on air emissions

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The Government of Canada is adopting stricter environmental standards to reduce air emissions from ships navigating in Canadian waters. These changes further align Canada’s air emission standards with the United States. The changes we are announcing today will help make our oceans and lakes cleaner by reducing ship emissions. Since vessels from Canada and the United States routinely travel in both countries’ waters, aligning our regulations is the logical thing to do.

2013 213

GE, Univ. of Alberta and AITF Partnering on $4M Project to Reduce CO2 Emissions and Treat Produced Water from Oil Sands; Potential 25% Reduction of CO2

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GE is partnering with the University of Alberta (UA) and Alberta Innovates Technology Futures (AITF) on a $4 million CO 2 capture project supported by the Climate Change and Emissions Management (CCEMC) Corporation. This team is leveraging research in nanotechnology to reduce CO 2 emissions associated with the extraction and upgrading process, and treatment of produced water generated during the oil recovery.

2010 174

Air Products, ACWA Power and NEOM sign agreement for $5B production facility for production and export of green ammonia to global markets for H2 delivery

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The project, which will be equally owned by the three partners, will be sited in NEOM , a new model for sustainable living located in the north west corner of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and will produce green ammonia for export to global markets. The joint venture project is the first partnership for NEOM with leading international and national partners in the renewable energy field and it will be a cornerstone for its strategy to become a major player in the global hydrogen market.

2020 167