Sat.Feb 01, 2020 - Fri.Feb 07, 2020

Alstom signs first contract for battery-electric regional trains in Germany

Green Car Congress

Alstom will manufacture , deliver and maintain until 2032 eleven Coradia Continental battery-electric trains for regional traffic on the Leipzig-Chemnitz route on behalf of VMS (Verkehrsverbund Mittelsachsen) and with the support of ZVNL (Zweckverband für den Nahverkehrsraum Leipzig), the two authorities responsible for this line. The contract is worth approximately €100 million. Following this order, Alstom offers all types of traction systems on the market as well as the full range of emission-free drives, from efficient electric motors to hydrogen fuel cells and advanced battery traction. Alstom has signed two contracts for hydrogen-fuel-cell-powered trains. The first one is for 14 trains in the German region of Lower Saxony. ( Earlier post.) The second one, also in Germany, for 27 trains to the Frankfurt metropolitan area. In 2014, Alstom had previously signed a contract with VMS for the delivery of 29 Coradia Continental electric regional trains (EMU). In order to bridge the 80 kilometers of non-electrified line between the cities of Chemnitz and Leipzig, the authority requested a battery-electric version (BEMU). The new trains will enter service in 2023. They will be built at Alstom’s German site of Salzgitter, in Lower Saxony. The battery traction sub-system is designed and supplied by Alstom’s traction center of excellence in Tarbes. The Coradia Continental BEMU trains will be similar to those already in service on the Dresden, Riesa and Zwickau routes. The main difference: they will also have high-performance batteries on the roof. The train, based on the proven Coradia Continental, builds on Alstom’s long experience in battery traction, gained with the Coradia iLint, Citadis trams and the Prima H3 locomotive. The Coradia Continental BEMU has a range of up to 120 kilometers and can be operated under catenary as well as on non-electrified sections. The three-car-trains will be 56 meters long and equipped with 150 seats. They will have a top speed of 160 km/h in battery mode. The capacity of the batteries (high-power lithium-ion) is calculated to ensure catenary-free operation of the line Chemnitz-Leipzig without any sacrifice in performance or comfort. Alstom’s Coradia range allows operators and transport authorities to offer their passengers regional trains that meet their needs and expectations, while demonstrating exemplary reliability and cost-effectiveness. Alstom has tailored the Coradia range to operate with all available emission-free power systems, from electric to battery-electric and hydrogen fuel cells. The latter, the Coradia iLint, powered by fuel cells and offering performance comparable to a diesel train while emitting nothing but water, has been in passenger service in Germany for more than a year. Batteries Electric (Battery) Rail

2020 123

Electric payload: These 5 trucks will change America

Green Car Reports

The age of the electric pickup truck has (almost) arrived, and with it the promise of all of the torque and none of the tailpipe emissions. Newcomers including Rivian, Bollinger, and Tesla are launching electric pickup trucks in the next few years.

2020 90

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Petrol and diesel vehicle ban brought forward to 2035, with hybrids also included

Green Cars News

The final year to drive a new petrol, diesel or hybrid car in the UK will be brought forward from 2040 to 2035 according to latest reports

2020 50

IVECO, FPT and Nikola Motor Company announce future Nikola TRE production in Ulm, Germany

Green Car Congress

IVECO and FPT Industrial, the commercial vehicle and powertrain brands of CNH Industrial N.V., and Nikola Motor Company will manufacture , through their European joint venture, the Nikola TRE in Ulm, Germany, at the IVECO manufacturing facility.

2020 99

PRoPART project successfully demonstrates highly accurate positioning solution for automotive use

Green Car Congress

The European PRoPART (Precise and Robust Positioning for Automated Road Transports) project, funded by the European Global Navigation Satellite System Agency (GSA), recently successfully demonstrated its highly accurate positioning system in a recreated motorway situation at the AstaZero test area in Sweden, with a connected autonomous truck and two unconnected manned cars. As part of the test, the Scania self-driving truck executed a safe and efficient lane change in traffic. The maneuver was managed by the new system, relying on centimeter-level positioning combined with collaborative perception sensor data. The project demonstrated that it was possible to pinpoint the position with ten-centimeter (3.94 inches) accuracy. The truck could execute the maneuver due to the precise positioning and an accurate representation of the whole surrounding environment. This was achieved by fusing data from the truck’s camera and front and side radars combined with radars mounted on roadside units. The project combined RTK Positioning Software from Waysure (Sweden) with satellite measurements, in particular advanced Galileo signals for improved accuracy and authentication from Fraunhofer IIS (Germany). The satellite positioning has been augmented with an Ultra-Wideband (UWB) ranging solution from Spanish research institution Ceit-IK4. The self-driving truck was supplied by Scania, with Hungary-based V2X company Commsignia providing in the C-ITS technology. Baselabs from Germany provided sensor data fusion of onboard and road-side sensors and developed a situational assessment for the intended automated lane change maneuver. The project was coordinated by the Research Institute of Sweden (RISE). Ordinarily, autonomous vehicles rely on their own sensors to interpret and process data on the surrounding environment. However, noted Project Coordinator Stefan Nord, RISE: In addition to positioning, we’ve also added infrastructure-to-vehicle communications. If vehicles share information, you can extend their horizon and benefit from data from another vehicle to also look around the corner and thereby gather more data as a basis for maneuvering decisions. Scania is presently investigating several different positioning solutions, said Fredrik Hoxell, a Development Engineer at Scania Intelligent Transport Systems. In the project, we focused on achieving a positioning error below 20 centimeters in combination with an ambitious target integrity risk—that is, the probability of the position error exceeding this error limit. However, for deployment in real-life traffic situations, which tend to be much more dynamic and unstructured, there are of course many more vehicle and system characteristics and possible sources of errors that need to be handled. Reliable and high-integrity navigation is absolutely essential when operating autonomous vehicles in uncontrolled environments. These trials offer one possible facet of the overall challenge related to navigation support on the journey towards safe and sustainable autonomous transport. —Fredrik Hoxell. Autonomous driving Connected vehicles Controls and controllers Sensors

2020 100

AMPLY Power & Logan Bus announce 2-year demo project of charging-as-a service for fleets; 5 electric school buses

Green Car Congress

Pioneering methods to accelerate electric fleet adoption, AMPLY Power will demonstrate and document its Charging-as-a-Service approach for an all-electric school bus fleet in New York City.

2020 96

Electrify America to open 400th public EV fast-charging station, > 1,700 chargers

Green Car Congress

Electrify America will open its 400 th electric vehicle charging station this week, setting a rapid pace for installation of DC fast-charging stations. The network’s aggressive timeline has resulted in the addition of more than 1,700 new chargers from coast-to-coast in just 20 months.

2020 96

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Hydro-Québec partnering with Mercedes-Benz on development of solid-state battery technologies

Green Car Congress

Canadian battery material specialist Hydro-Québec is partnering with Mercedes-Benz as part of the automaker’s research and development activities on future EV technology.

2020 93

MIT, QCRI use AI to enrich digital maps to improve GPS navigation; RoadTagger

Green Car Congress

A model developed by Researchers at MIT and Qatar Computing Research Institute (QCRI) have developed a model that uses satellite imagery to tag road features in digital maps to help improve GPS navigation.

2020 93

Volvo Buses receives order for 60 high-capacity electric buses from Malmö

Green Car Congress

Scandinavian transport operator Nobina has ordered 60 Volvo high-capacity electric buses which will enter service in Malmö, Sweden next year. It is immensely gratifying to receive yet another significant order for electric buses.

2020 93

2020 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid offers up to 52 mpg combined; Solar Roof System

Green Car Congress

At the Chicago Auto Show, Hyundai introduced its new 2020 Sonata Hybrid, featuring up to 686 miles of driving range and an EPA-estimated 52 mpg combined fuel economy rating on the Blue trim. This is the first time the Sonata Hybrid has been shown in North America.

2020 88

BMW introducing new aerodynamic wheel on iX3 EV; cast aluminum wheel with inserts

Green Car Congress

The new BMW Aerodynamic Wheel is making its debut together with the BMW iX3, the market launch of which is planned for this year.

2020 88

First look at Gen2 EVO Forumla E racer

Green Car Congress

Formula E and the FIA provided images of the newly named Gen2 EVO, using a reimagined design that will debut in season seven when the electric racing series competes under the banner of the ABB FIA Formula E World Championship.

2020 88

Li-Cycle sets up its first US-based Li-ion battery recycling center in NY state

Green Car Congress

Empire State Development (ESD) announced that Canada-based Li-Cycle Corporation will establish its first US-based Li-ion battery recycling facility in New York State.

2020 88

DiDi to introduce first shared EV fleet to Mexico; 700+ EVs and hybrids to start

Green Car Congress

Didi Chuxing (DiDi), the world’s leading mobile transportation platform, will launch Latin America’s first shared electric vehicle (EV) fleet through its app in Mexico, as the company further invests in sustainable transportation innovations in the region.

2020 88

In Norway, Asko begins piloting use of hydrogen fuel-cell trucks

Green Car Congress

Norwegian wholesaler Asko is among the first to operate a goods vehicle that runs on hydrogen, thanks to a collaborative effort by research scientists and industry.

2020 88

Orange County unveils 10 new fuel-cell-electric buses along with debut of US’ largest public transport hydrogen fueling station

Green Car Congress

The Orange County Transportation Authority (OCTA) unveiled ten new hydrogen fuel-cell-electric Xcelsior CHARGE H2 heavy-duty transit buses in Santa Ana, California.

2020 88

Delta enters into conditional major offtake agreement for SAF with NWABF

Green Car Congress

Building on its $2-million investment for an ongoing feasibility study with Northwest Advanced Bio-Fuels ( NWABF ), Delta has entered into one of the largest airline offtake agreements of its kind to purchase sustainable aviation fuel, if produced, from NWABF.

2020 88

ElringKlinger fuel cell stacks exceeded expectations in EU-funded GiantLeap; trailer-attached hydrogen range extender for electric buses

Green Car Congress

Within the scope of EU-funded GiantLeap project, Bosch Engineering GmbH, together with VDL Enabling Transport Solutions b.v. and their partners, designed and built a fuel cell range extender system for battery-electric buses.

2020 83

MECA report finds additional NOx emission reductions from new heavy-duty trucks achievable and cost-effective (corrected)

Green Car Congress

[In the earlier version of this post, I mistakenly linked to and used the 2019 report rather than the current 2020 report. I apologize for the error. —Ed].

2020 83

BMW Group accelerates expansion for production of electric powertrain components at Plant Dingolfing

Green Car Congress

The BMW Group is expanding production capacity and increasing its staff at the Competence Center for E-Drive Production in Dingolfing faster than originally planned.

2020 83

JenaBatteries and BASF cooperate in the development of electrolyte for redox flow battery

Green Car Congress

JenaBatteries GmbH and BASF are cooperating in the production of an electrolyte for a battery technology that is particularly suitable for stationary storage of electricity from renewable energy sources and for stabilizing conventional transmission grids.

2020 83

EPA awards SwRI $25M contract for emissions testing, analytical services for variety of propulsion systems

Green Car Congress

Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) has received a five-year, $25-million contract from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to provide testing and analytical services related to vehicle emissions and fuel efficiency.

2020 83

Renault Trucks to deliver 20 electric trucks to Carlsberg Group

Green Car Congress

Renault Trucks signed a contract with the Carlsberg Group to deliver twenty D Wide Z.E electric trucks. These 26-tonne trucks, which will be delivered in 2020, will be operated by the Feldschlösschen brewery, the Group’s Swiss subsidiary. The D Wide Z.E.

2020 83

GM teases new electric-truck details, boasts about battery flexibility

Green Car Reports

During General Motors’ Capital Markets Day presentation for investors Wednesday, the company teased just how much flexibility—and potentially, what a wide range of global products—they can make from the company’s upcoming third-generation electric-vehicle architecture.

2020 83

Trillium completes construction of largest hydrogen transit refueling station in North America

Green Car Congress

Trillium has completed construction of the largest hydrogen transit refueling station in North America.

2020 83

MECA report finds additional NOx emission reductions from new heavy-duty trucks achievable and cost-effective

Green Car Congress

The Manufacturers of Emission Controls Association (MECA) released a report —“Technology Feasibility for Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks in Achieving 90% Lower NOx Standards in 2027”—that presents test results from emission-control and fuel-efficiency technologies installed on heavy-duty diesel on-road engines that offer several cost-effective compliance pathways to reduce NO x emissions by 90% below today’s certification levels with simultaneous CO 2 emission reductions in the 2027 timeframe. CO 2 and NO x certification test data for heavy-duty diesel engines certified from 2002 through 2019. Source of data: US EPA (2019). Chart: MECA. The transportation sector was responsible for over 7 million tons of NO x emissions in the US in 2014, with 50% of this sector’s NO x attributed to heavy-duty on- and off-road vehicles and equipment. NO x is a precursor for both ground level ozone and secondary PM 2.5 which are regulated under the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) because of their adverse effects on human health and the environment. Due to the continued exposure of millions of Americans to poor air quality, both the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and California Air Resources Board (CARB) have announced rulemakings focused on revising the heavy-duty truck emission standards, with a particular focus on tighter limits for oxides of nitrogen (NO x ). EPA is targeting implementation in the 2027 timeframe while CARB is focusing efforts on phasing in more stringent standards in 2024 and again in 2027 with the hope of aligning with EPA as a national standard. In this report, MECA provides our assessment of technologies being commercialized by component suppliers, including MECA members, to help their customers comply with future lower NO x standards. We present dynamometer test results and emission models from fully aged aftertreatment systems installed on heavy-duty on-road engines to offer several compliance paths that are technologically and economically achievable by model year (MY) 2024 without significant changes to today’s engines or aftertreatment. The models used have been optimized over decades of testing of accelerated aged commercial catalysts and validated against real world emission control systems. The technologies outlined in this assessment are either commercial or market-ready options that can be deployed on vehicles by model year 2024 to achieve 0.05 gram per brake horsepower hour (g/bhp-hr) on the heavy-duty FTP certification cycle and approximately 0.2 g/bhp-hr in low load operation using the proposed low load certification cycle being developed at Southwest Research Institute under a contract from CARB. It is important to state that there are several technology paths to achieve these levels of emissions, and some of them can simultaneously lower greenhouse gas emissions, such that the NO x reductions do not compete with the CO 2 reductions. —“Technology Feasibility for Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks in Achieving 90% Lower NO x Standards in 2027”. The main conclusions of the report include: Compared to emission controls on MY 2010 US diesel trucks, today’s compact aftertreatment systems are 40% lighter, 60% smaller, and substantially less expensive. Manufacturers continue to optimize diesel emission controls, such as DOC, DPF and SCR, in order to promote uniform catalyst coating, improve NO x conversion efficiency, reduce back pressure on the engine, and reduce thermal mass. New substrates are designed with thinner walls or higher porosity, which allows the coating of better catalysts without sacrificing durability. This has resulted in higher catalyst loading per volume of substrate and led to downsizing of systems from those available in 2010. Furthermore, catalyst development has produced higher activity catalysts that can provide higher NO x conversion with lower catalyst loading. While the cost of new heavy-duty trucks has increased at approximately 1% per year, the cost of emission controls has come down, representing a lower percentage of the cost of a new truck. These advances have brought higher compliance margins and lower certification levels while still meeting future GHG standards. Advanced catalysts and substrates combined with better engine and urea dosing calibration can be readily employed to meet tighter NO x limits in 2024 without any significant changes to today’s system design. Based on a survey of MECA’s members, MECA estimates the cost of emission controls on a future ultra-low NO x truck to be similar to the cost of emission controls on a MY 2010 truck. Several vocational engine families have demonstrated the capability of achieving NNO x Ox emissions 50-75% below today’s standards, while also meeting future heavy-duty greenhouse gas limits for vocational engines. Since 2010, setting stringent emission targets for both CO 2 and NO x through realistic regulations and expanding the calibrator’s tool box from the engine to the powertrain has allowed engineers to achieve simultaneous NOx reductions and engine efficiency improvements. A review of EPA’s heavy-duty certification tables indicates that a number of diesel engine families certified since 2010 have shown the ability to achieve 0.1 g/bhp-hr and lower tailpipe NNO x Ox levels over the composite FTP certification cycle. Of those engines, several have demonstrated the ability to meet future Phase 2 GHG regulation limits for vocational engines that go into effect in 2021, 2024 and 2027. History has shown that once emission control and efficiency improving technologies were required on engines, the traditional trade-off relationship between CO 2 and NO x emissions at the tailpipe has been overcome and reductions of both pollutants could be achieved simultaneously. A wide variety of technology options can be deployed on heavy-duty engines and vehicles to reduce engine-out NO x while improving fuel economy to reduce the total cost of ownership of trucks. The number of on-engine technology options and strategies that OEMs may choose to deploy to meet both a 2024 NO x standard and the 2024 CO 2 standard has grown dramatically in recent years, as a result of the Phase 2 GHG regulation. Technologies such as cylinder deactivation (CDA), high efficiency variable geometry turbochargers with exhaust gas by-pass, and start-stop systems are only some of the commercially available fuel saving technologies that can be implemented by 2024. Some of these strategies can be deployed on cold-start to heat up aftertreatment and keep it hot under low engine load operation. Other technologies that are being demonstrated on vehicles include 48V electrical architectures combined with regenerative braking and small batteries that can electrify auxiliary components on the engines such as air conditioning compressors, water and oil pumps, EGR pumps, electric assist turbochargers, electrically heated catalysts, 48V motor-generators, 48V electric fans and auxiliary power units to take the load off the engines. Technologies such as CDA and 48V mild hybridization can enable simultaneous NO x and CO 2 reduction, and once implemented, these technologies will deliver fuel savings to truck owners. Strategies for reducing emissions during periods of low load operation, combined with improved engine calibration and control of urea dosing, can be applied to heavy-duty trucks by 2024 to enable emission control systems to achieve an FTP emission limit of 0.05 g/bhp-hr and a Low Load Cycle (LLC) limit below 0.2 g/bhp-hr. Engine calibration and thermal management combined with advanced catalysts and substrates have improved to the point where a current engine plus aftertreatment system can achieve FTP emissions below 0.05 g/bhp-hr NO x with compliance margins that OEMs need for full useful life durability. During cold-start and low-load operation, engine calibration and thermal management, including the technologies listed in (3) above, can be applied to reduce engine out NOx emissions and provide additional heat to aftertreatment systems. Better catalysts and urea dosing systems can achieve high NOx conversion during lower temperature operation. Further compliance margins can be achieved through modest increases in catalyst volume, while still maintaining the size of future emission controls below those on model year 2010 trucks. Some engine manufacturers may choose to include a light-off SCR catalyst before the DOC in a twin SCR system arrangement with dual urea dosing, to gain experience with the types of strategies that may be needed for lower NO x limits in 2027. The approaches discussed for meeting 2024 NOx limits utilize improvements in thermal management and engine calibration, and existing aftertreatment system designs that employ newer high efficiency catalysts and coating strategies. Simulations of commercial catalysts over a low load cycle show that low temperature ammonia delivery through the use of heated urea dosing can deliver NOx emissions below 0.2 g/bhp-hr over the LLC, representing extended low-speed operation and idling. The new report is a companion to a report released by MECA in June 2019 that provides an assessment of market-ready technologies for heavy-duty diesel vehicles to meet lower intermediate NO x standards by 2024. This new MECA white paper, along with our June 2019 companion report, shows that additional NO x emission reductions from new heavy-duty trucks beyond the current requirements are achievable and cost-effective by combining the improvements made to engines, emission control technologies, and fuels over the past twenty years. The aftertreatment systems that will deliver ultra-low NO x emissions in 2027 will not look much different than they do today, incorporating advancements in substrates, catalysts, and calibrations. Furthermore, these advanced NO x emission controls are compatible with powertrain efficiency technologies to optimize vehicle fuel economy. —MECA Executive Director, Rasto Brezny. Founded in 1976, MECA is a nonprofit trade association of the world’s leading manufacturers of clean technology solutions for all mobile sources. Diesel Emissions Engines Heavy-duty Regulations

2020 83

EEA: Walking, cycling and public transport in cities remain greener mobility options than electric scooters or car ride-hailing

Green Car Congress

A new report by the European Environment Agency (EEA) finds that, taken together with public transport, walking and cycling for short city journeys provide the greatest benefits for both human health and the environment in urban areas.

2020 83

NYU team develops novel ion-conducting copolymer to increase power and reduce cost of fuel cells

Green Car Congress

Researchers at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering, led by Miguel Modestino, professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have developed a novel ion-conducting polymer (ionomer) that increases the power and lowers the cost of fuel cells.

2020 83

Toyota develops fuel cell system for maritime applications; first application on Energy Observer

Green Car Congress

Toyota, official partner of Energy Observer and an avid supporter of their project from the start, has developed a fuel cell system for maritime applications, with its first delivery destined for Energy Observer.

2020 83

Lucid Air electric sedan will be previewed to reservation-holders before official bow

Green Car Reports

Just over ten years since the first special-invitation preview events for the Tesla Model S, the closest thing to a true rival (or successor) for the Model S is finally coming to market: the Lucid Air. It’s true in more ways than one.

2020 84

Toyota to deploy new acceleration suppression function in Summer 2020

Green Car Congress

Toyota Motor Corporation has developed an Acceleration Suppression Function that used big data collected from connected cars to help identify abnormal operation of the accelerator and control acceleration.

2020 83

Hiringa and Waitomo to partner to develop New Zealand’s first hydrogen refueling stations network

Green Car Congress

New Zealand energy companies Waitomo Group and Hiringa Energy intend to work in partnership to develop New Zealand’s first nationwide hydrogen refueling stations network. Hiringa Energy’s initial refueling station plan.

2020 83

LLNL report lays out technology pathways for California to become carbon-neutral and then -negative by 2045; 3 pillars of negative emissions

Green Car Congress

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientists have identified a suite of technologies to help California to become carbon-neutral—and ultimately carbon-negative —by 2045.

2020 83

ASTM approves 6th pathway for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF): catalytic hydrothermolysis jet fuel (CHJ)

Green Car Congress

ASTM International has approved and published a sixth pathway for the production of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). The latest annex to the SAF specification, D7566, establishes criteria for the production and use of catalytic hydrothermolysis jet fuel (CHJ), a type of synthetic kerosene.

2020 83

2020 Tesla Model Y gets a better city efficiency rating than Model 3

Green Car Reports

Tesla last month boasted that its Model Y electric crossover received a range boost before it was even released—to 315 miles. That number is official with results posted by the EPA yesterday.

2020 79

Electrify America is gaining ground on Tesla Supercharging

Green Car Reports

If you’re just learning the ways of electric-car ownership, the more charging-station locations, the better. And Electrify America appears on its way to catch up with Tesla’s Supercharger network in that metric.

2020 79