Sat.Jan 18, 2020 - Fri.Jan 24, 2020

Trump Supporter In Audience Interrupts New Greenius One Act At Historic Ruskin Group Theatre As Sold Out Audience Kept Spellbound

Creative Greenius

campaign climate change comedy Culture election environmental justice, environmental racism politics Theatre Trump white privilege AJ Davis Joe Galliani LA Cafe Plays Madeline McCuskey Michael W Schwartz Ruskin Group Theatre Sam Jozani

2020 130

Volvo Cars says early demand for fully electric Volvo XC40 Recharge P8 AWD is strong

Green Car Congress

Volvo Cars has opened order books for the XC40 Recharge P8 AWD ( earlier post ), the company’s first fully electric car which is based on the best-selling SUV, in selected markets. The company says it has already received “several thousands” of firm orders even before the formal start of sales.

2020 108

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Mercedes unfazed by battery-supply issues for EQC, still targeting 50,000 in 2020

Green Car Reports

The Mercedes-Benz EQC electric SUV was originally supposed to be on U.S. streets and highways by now. Daimler called the decision to delay sales in the U.S. until 2021 a strategic one, so it could focus on Europe.

2020 86

Automatic for the people: Should drivers ditch manual gearboxes?

Green Cars News

Cars are becoming safer

2020 32

Volkswagen’s WeShare electric car-charing expands in Europe, fleet to increase to 8,400 EVs

Green Car Congress

WeShare, Volkswagen and ŠKODA’s free-floating electric car sharing service, is to expand into seven more cities in Germany and other European countries in 2020. Prague and Hamburg in the spring are to be followed by Paris, Madrid, Budapest, Munich and Milan in the course of the year.

2020 108

Nouryon-led consortium wins €11M EU backing for green hydrogen project

Green Car Congress

A consortium comprising Nouryon (formerly AkzoNobel Specialty Chemicals), Gasunie and four other partners will receive an €11-million European grant towards their proposed green hydrogen project in Delfzijl, the Netherlands.

2020 93

ABC Companies selects Lightning Systems for diesel-to-electric coach repower program

Green Car Congress

ABC Companies, a leading provider of motorcoach sales and support in the USA and Canada, has finalized an agreement with Lightning Systems, a Loveland, Colorado-based developer of zero-emission electric drivetrains for commercial vehicle fleets.

2020 93

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Equinor contracts for first green-ammonia-fueled supply vessel; 2MW SOFC

Green Car Congress

Norway-based energy company Equinor has contracted with Eidesvik Offshore for the Viking Energy supply vessel, which is being retrofitted to make it capable of covering long distances fueled by carbon-free ammonia.

2020 88

Volkswagen and Aeris form JV to focus on next-generation Car-Net in the US

Green Car Congress

Volkswagen Group of America and Aeris, a technology leader in the Internet of Things (IoT), have formed Ventic LLC, a joint venture that is the result of a long-term commitment between Volkswagen and Aeris in the development and operations of connected vehicle platform technologies.

2020 88

Audi of America, Virginia DOT and Qualcomm plan initial C-V2X deployment in Virginia

Green Car Congress

Audi of America, the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) and Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.,

2020 88

Cruise Origin launches the driverless future of electric mobility

Green Car Reports

During the launch of the Cruise Origin driverless car, GM’s Cruise declared driving as we know it—and ride-sharing as we know it—obsolete.

2020 85

Dutch-Belgian truck company orders five Proton HyRange hydrogen fuel-cell systems for refuse trucks; EU project REVIVE

Green Car Congress

E-Trucks Europe , a manufacturer of electric-hydrogen hybrid commercial vehicles, has ordered five HyRange fuel cell systems from Proton Motor.

2020 83

Bosch boosts stake in SOFC expert Ceres Power to around 18%; possible expansion into SO electrolysis

Green Car Congress

Bosch has increased its stake in solid-oxide fuel-cell (SOFC) developer Ceres Power from 3.9% to around 18%. The stake increase is achieved through a subscription by Bosch for new Ceres Power shares, as well as the purchase of further shares from existing shareholders.

2020 83

Wyoming leads in vehicle miles traveled per person

Green Car Congress

by Michael Sivak, Sivak Applied Research. Total vehicle miles traveled (VMT) by all vehicles in the United States vary greatly across the individual states. The latest annual data from the Federal Highway Administration show that in 2018 the maximum (348,796 million miles in California) was 94.5

2020 85

FIat Chrysler and iPhone maker head toward electric-vehicle venture

Green Car Reports

If you thought the idea of a Sony electric car at CES 2020—hypothetical as it might be—earlier this month was wild, what about the idea of Fiat Chrysler working together with Foxconn to develop electric cars?

2020 83

Hydrogen Council report finds cost of hydrogen solutions to fall sooner than previously expected

Green Car Congress

The Hydrogen Council has published a new report, Path to Hydrogen Competitiveness: A Cost Perspective , demonstrating that the cost of hydrogen solutions will fall sharply within the next decade, sooner than previously expected.

2020 83

SEAT expands the fleet of duo trailers and giga trailers to promote more sustainable logistics

Green Car Congress

SEAT, a Volkswagen Group company, has expanded the number of supply routes for the transport of components using duo trailers and giga trailers, the two longest types of trucks with the greatest capacity travelling on European roads.

2020 85

Diesel damages: Canada slaps VW with new fine for environmental violations

Green Car Reports

Volkswagen AG has been fined a total of C$196.5 million ($150 million) for the environmental effects of dirty diesel vehicles that were part of the automaker’s diesel scandal. That’s a very small amount of the U.S. penalty, which included $2.7

2020 78

Toyota Prius was a hybrid trendsetter 15 years ago. Now what?

Green Car Reports

The Toyota Prius has already secured a spot as an icon of automotive history and one of the most influential products of this century. It’s also far surpassed Toyota’s initial expectations.

2020 78

Electric emergency vehicles: Tropos Motors shows how to start small

Green Car Reports

The larger-scale electrification of big, task-oriented municipal vehicles like fire trucks, ambulances, and even dump trucks is bound to happen eventually. Sometimes, the bluntest, heaviest tool for the job really isn’t the best one for the task anyway.

2020 79

RiceU team uses alumina-passivated cathode to improve stable cyclability of Si-NMC battery

Green Car Congress

Engineers at Rice University’s Brown School of Engineering have combined a macroporous silicon anode and alumina-coated NMC cathode to provide stable cyclability by means of capacity-limited charging.

2020 78

Daimler first automotive company to test UBQ’s climate-positive thermoplastic material in auto parts

Green Car Congress

Daimler announced a trial and development partnership with Israeli cleantech company UBQ Materials to explore the use of UBQ’s climate-positive material in the production of automobile parts.

2020 78

Consumer Reports survey finds concerns with new mobility options

Green Car Congress

Consumer Reports is publishing survey results that show consumer concerns with new mobility options including ridehailing and ridesharing services. Chart shows the percentage of Americans who have used some common modes of transportation in the past two years. Source: Consumer Reports.

2020 78

HKUST team develops high-capacity, long-life Li-S battery

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Researchers at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology have developed a high-capacity, long-life lithium-sulfur battery using a bi-functional cathode substrate for Li–S batteries made of well-distributed boron carbide nanoparticles decorated activated cotton fiber (B 4 C-ACF).

2020 78

Study puts cost of decarbonizing shipping by 2050 at ~$1.4-$1.9T; largest investment needed in land-based systems

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A new study by University Maritime Advisory Services ( UMAS ) and Energy Transitions Commission ( ETC ) prepared for the Global Maritime Forum for the Getting to Zero Coalition, estimates that the cumulative investment needed between 2030 and 2050 to halve shipping’s CO 2 emissions amounts to approximately $1-1.4 trillion—an average of $50 billion to $70 billion annually for 20 years. The report authors note that these figures should be viewed in the context of annual global investments in energy, which in 2018 alone amounted to US$1.85 trillion. The global shipping fleet accounts for ~2.2% of CO 2 emissions. If shipping is to fully decarbonize by 2050, this will require further investments of some $400 billion over 20 years, bringing the total to $1.4 trillion to $1.9 trillion. The estimate of investments required is based on ammonia (NH 3 ) being the primary zero carbon fuel choice adopted by the shipping industry as it moves towards zero carbon fuels. ( Earlier post.) Under different assumptions, hydrogen, synthetic methanol, or other fuels may displace ammonia’s projected dominance, but the magnitude of investments needed will not significantly change for these other fuels. To avoid shifting emissions upstream, efforts to decarbonize shipping also include the decarbonization of fuel production. The analysis is therefore based on the use of low/zero carbon hydrogen as input to the production of ammonia. The UMAS and ETC analysis finds that the largest share of investments is needed in the land-based infrastructure and production facilities for low-carbon fuels—around 87% of the total. This includes investments in the production of low-carbon fuels, and the land-based storage and bunkering infrastructure needed for their supply. The investments needed depend on the production method for the hydrogen used to produce ammonia. Investment breakdown across vessels and land-based infrastructure. Only 13% of the investments needed are related to the ships themselves, which include the machinery and onboard storage required for a ship to run on low carbon fuels in newbuilds and, in some cases, for retrofits. Ship-related investments also include investments in improving energy efficiency, which are estimated to grow due to the higher cost of low carbon fuels compared to traditional marine fuels. This makes the challenge of decarbonizing the shipping sector a whole system challenge and not something just for shipping, the report says. Given the majority of investment is on land, any R&D fund needs to enable deployment and scaling of the land-side, and not just work on equipment for ships. The risk is that we end up with a fleet of zero-emission ships, no decarbonization of fuel production (e.g. producing ammonia using natural gas) and then shift the emissions upstream. Energy infrastructure and ships are long-life capital-intensive assets that normally evolve slowly. In the next three decades however, our analysis suggests we will see a disruptive and rapid change to align to a new zero carbon system, with fossil fuel aligned assets becoming obsolete or needing significant modification. Even though regulatory drivers of this system change such as carbon pricing are only starting to be debated, the economic viability of today’s investments and even the returns on recent investments will be challenged, and the sooner this is factored in to strategies and plans, the better. —Dr Tristan Smith, Associate Professor at the UCL Energy Institute and one of the authors. Much of shipping’s decarbonization will take place on land. It is a systemic transformation that goes beyond the capabilities of the maritime industry alone. We need to bring together the full range of upstream and downstream fuels value chains to unlock shipping’s shift to zero carbon energy sources. Done right, this represents a trillion-dollar market opportunity. —Lord Adair Turner, chair of the Energy Transitions Commission. The estimates of investment needed come from the UMAS shipping model GloTraM. The model simulates decisions from a shipowner’s perspective to identify the fuel, technology and operation combinations that maximize their profits and therefore identifies the likely pathways for the sector’s evolution under a combination of macroeconomic and policy drivers. The model includes a detailed representation of the different ship types within the global fleet, and the production pathways, their capital and operating costs, for a range of potential low and zero carbon fuels. From this, the investment implications for fleet and land-side infrastructure of the model-identified likely pathway are then obtained. Ammonia Emissions Fuels Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Ports and Marine

2020 78

Number of US crude oil refineries has declined but total distillation capacity has risen from 1982 to 2019

Green Car Congress

In 1982 there were over 250 operating crude oil refineries in the United States; that number declined to 132 by 2019, according to data from the US Department of Energy (DOE). Meanwhile, the total distillation capacity of all refineries combined increased from a low of 14.4

2020 78

Mercom: battery, smart grid, energy efficiency companies raised $2.3B in VC funding in 2019; 18% lower than 2018

Green Car Congress

Mercom Capital Group, llc, a global clean energy research and communications firm, released its report on funding and mergers and acquisitions (M&A) activity for the Battery Storage, Smart Grid, and Energy Efficiency sectors for 2019.

2020 78

Neste’s sustainable aviation fuel available at Zurich airport during the World Economic Forum 2020

Green Car Congress

Neste, the world’s largest producer of renewable diesel and renewable jet fuel refined from waste and residues, will deliver renewable jet fuel (sustainable aviation fuel, SAF) to Zurich Airport during the World Economic Forum 2020 in Davos, Switzerland.

2020 78

Ford investing €42M in Valencia plant for new hybrid models and battery assembly operations

Green Car Congress

Ford is investing €42 million (US$46.6 million) in its Valencia, Spain manufacturing plant to support the company’s electrification strategy with a state-of-the-art battery assembly facility in addition to new S-MAX Hybrid and Galaxy Hybrid models.

2020 78

Hybrids represented 52% of all Toyota Motor Europe sales in 2019; 63% in West Europe

Green Car Congress

Toyota Motor Europe reported 2019 sales of 1,089,422 Toyota and Lexus vehicles, an increase of +5.2% from 2018. Total market share for the group rose to 5.3%, in a European market which was stable year on year.

2020 78

SGL Carbon receives substantial contract for composite battery enclosures from N American automaker

Green Car Congress

Following the production of first prototypes of battery enclosures for a Chinese automotive manufacturer in 2018, SGL Carbon has now received a substantial contract from a North American automaker for high-volume serial production of carbon and glass fiber-based composite top and bottom layers for battery enclosures. The serial production of the components will start end of 2020. Composite battery enclosures from SGL Carbon. The carbon fibers and fabrics as well as the assembled components come from SGL Carbon’s fully integrated value chain. On top of this order, there is the potential for more significant extensions with further substantial volumes for the shared platform business of the manufacturer. In addition, SGL Carbon has won a smaller volume contract from a European sports car manufacturer to produce bottom layers made of composite as of mid-2020. The company is additionally in talks with further automakers to develop and manufacture battery enclosure solutions for their e-car platforms. Driven by the increasing need for e-cars worldwide and thus for new flexible chassis platforms, our composite battery enclosures are a very promising new application in our product portfolio. The recent contract wins show that our approach of developing custom-made solutions based on our integrated value chain offers an excellent value proposition. —Sebastian Grasser, Head of Automotive Segment at the business unit Composites – Fibers & Materials at SGL Carbon. One key part of any e-car chassis platform is the enclosure of the battery which usually occupies most of the space in the underfloor of the chassis and has various very specific requirements far beyond low weight. The battery cases also need to be very stiff to support driving dynamics. In addition, the material has to protect the underbody against impact, enable an optimized thermal management and offer excellent fire protection as well as complete water and gas impermeability. All these requirements are met by composites much better than by any other material, says SGL Carbon. With these advantages, composite battery enclosures perfectly fit to e-car-specific and highly flexible chassis variants—i.e., “skateboard” platforms—to be used as a basis for a great variety of different e-car models. Batteries Materials Weight reduction

2020 78

MAN, Verkehrsbetriebe Hamburg-Holstein and Volkswagen begin pilot of 500 kWh second-life battery in charging network

Green Car Congress

In the Bergedorf quarter of Hamburg, a container with a total capacity of approximately 500 kWh has been connected to the depot charging network at the Verkehrsbetriebe Hamburg-Holstein (VHH) depot.

2020 78

NXP introduces safe and secure automotive multi-gigabit Ethernet switch

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NXP Semiconductors N.V., the world’s largest supplier of automotive semiconductors, has introduced a multi-gigabit Ethernet switch designed to help automakers deliver the high-speed networks required for evolving connected vehicles.

2020 78

ORNL researchers use supercomputing to predict magnesium alloy ductility

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Using machine learning and simulations, scientists at the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have confirmed a relationship between two mechanisms used to explain the ductility properties of magnesium alloys, according to an open-access study published in Materials & Design. The correlation between the two ductility descriptors with Pearson’s r = 0.864. Based on the mathematical signs of the two descriptors, the whole space is divided into four quadrants with the sign pairs of the descriptors to represent each quadrant. The minus sign means a solute contributes to the enhancement of ductility through the mechanism, while the plus sign means that there is no such effect. For example, solutes in the third quadrant are expected to improve the intrinsic ductility of Mg through both mechanisms, while those in the first quadrant are expected not to have the effect. Pei and Yin. Understanding the deformation mechanisms of Mg has been a long-standing and significant problem for materials scientists. Currently, there are two widely acknowledged ductility-improving mechanisms, i.e., the dislocation nucleation mechanism and dislocation mobility mechanism. Since the two mechanisms were previously investigated using very different solute sets, hitherto there is no clear understanding of the relation between them. Based on the newly proposed descriptors for the mechanisms, high-throughput calculations are performed for 63 solutes. Our results confirm that the two mechanisms are strongly correlated. In most of the cases, the same solute has the same effect on the deformation through both mechanisms. —Pei and Yin. For the study, scientists analyzed data from previous research using the power of the world’s fastest supercomputer for open science, Summit at ORNL’s Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF). The method used could be applied to the study of other types of alloys. As the lightest structural metal discovered to date, magnesium has presented itself as a promising material for the next generation of automobile and aerospace products. Magnesium also provides a high strength-to-weight ratio, and it is capable of good heat and electrical conductivity. However, in its natural state, magnesium doesn’t allow for much change in its shape without breaking. To solve this problem, scientists combine it with other materials. This results in magnesium alloys with the ability to be flexible under stress, a property known as ductility. For years, the ductility of magnesium alloys has been explained through two mechanisms that have been widely acknowledged by researchers. These two mechanisms have often offered similar predictions on alloy ductility. However, they are vastly different, and for that reason, the relationship among them has remained unclear. —Junqi Yin, an OLCF computational scientist and coauthor. To better understand the relationship between the two mechanisms, Yin and his coauthor, former OLCF postdoctoral fellow Zongrui Pei, performed first-principles calculations on Summit to assess the physical properties of the potential alloy materials. They needed to estimate physical quantities used for descriptors of the two mechanisms in order to make predictions about alloys’ ductility. To evaluate those predictions, they then developed a machine-learning model based on elemental properties that are readily available. Yin and Pei’s work is a continuation of an ORNL Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program-funded project led by Markus Eisenbach, a computational scientist with the OLCF who specializes in condensed matter and materials science. This work used OLCF computing resources made available through an Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) allocation also led by Eisenbach. The methodology developed for this study can also be used to further research in other areas of materials science. The next step for us is to test this method to have a better understanding of high-entropy alloys, and see if we can predict better combinations. —Junqi Yin. The OLCF is a US Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility. Resources. Z. Pei, J. Yin (2019) “The relation between two ductility mechanisms for Mg alloys revealed by high-throughput simulations.” Materials & Design 186 doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2019.108286. High Performance Computing Materials

2020 78

Rolls-Royce develops electrical embedded starter-generator for next-generation Tempest fighter program

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Over the last five years, Rolls-Royce has been pioneering world-first technology that will contribute to the UK’s next-generation Tempest program, which is developing a sixth-generation jet fighter for the British Royal Air Force and the Italian Aeronautica Militare (AMI).

2020 78

Audi investing ~€100M in charging infrastructure at German sites; 10% of parking spaces by mid-2022

Green Car Congress

Audi is working to electrify one in ten parking spaces at its German plants by mid-2022; most of these charging spaces will be accessible to the public. This independent concept is the largest charging infrastructure project carried out by a German employer.

2020 78

Emissions of potent GHG HFC-23 have grown, contradicting reports of huge reductions

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Despite reports that global emissions of the potent greenhouse gas, HFC-23, were almost eliminated in 2017, an international team of scientists, led by the University of Bristol, has found atmospheric levels growing at record values. Over the last two decades, scientists have been keeping a close eye on the atmospheric concentration of HFC-23, a hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) gas. This gas has very few industrial applications.

2020 71