Sat.Dec 17, 2016 - Fri.Dec 23, 2016

Electric bus wins: BYD in Nottingham, Irizar in Bilbao

Green Car Congress

Thirteen new electric buses have been added to Nottingham’s existing fleet of 45 electric vehicles, turning another two park and ride services into fully zero emission services.

2016 106

Electric car battery warranties compared

Green Car Reports

It's one of the most frequently asked questions by anyone hearing about a modern electric car: do I have to replace the battery? With 15 years of experience in mobile phones and more than that with laptop computers, most buyers know that lithium-ion batteries lose capacity over time. Replacing phone or laptop batteries, generally for less than. lithium-ion battery pack Warranty plug-in cars Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) Capacity Loss battery capacity

2016 84

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Shining star: Mercedes set for its best-ever year, but what’s the secret to its success?

Green Cars News

As usual, it’s been a record-breaking year for Mercedes-Benz, with November marking the company’s 45th consecutive record month. It has delivered more. Mercedes-Benz

2016 64

US Shale Is Now Cash Flow Neutral

Green Car Congress

by Nick Cunningham of Oilprice.com. Oil prices are probably already high enough to spark a rebound in shale production. The IEA says that in the third quarter of 2016, the US shale industry became cash flow neutral for the first time ever. That isn’t a typo.

2016 104

U of Waterloo Autonomoose autonomous vehicle on the road in Canada

Green Car Congress

Researchers from the University of Waterloo Center for Automotive Research (WatCAR) in Canada are modifying a Lincoln MKZ Hybrid to autonomous drive-by-wire operation.

2016 91

Study illustrates impact of ship emissions on Shanghai air quality

Green Car Congress

A multi-year quantitative study of the influence of ship emissions on urban air quality by a team from Fudan University found that ships could contribute 20–30% (2–7 μg/m 3 ) of the total PM 2.5 within tens of kilometers of coastal and riverside Shanghai during ship-plume-influenced periods.

2016 90

Caltech, CMU researchers measure mechanical properties of Li at small scale; implications for Li metal anode development

Green Car Congress

Likely next-generation battery chemistries such as Li-sulfur or Li-air envision the use of a Li metal anode coupled with an advanced cathode. However, the use of lithium metal anodes in rechargeable batteries has been restricted due to dendrite growth that can cause short-circuits or explosions. Solid-state electrolytes appear to be a promising solution to suppress dendrite growth.

2016 89

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DOE to award $15M to accelerate deployment of efficient transportation technology

Green Car Congress

The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced $15 million ( DE-FOA-0001639 ), subject to appropriations, to support community-based projects to accelerate the adoption of advanced and alternative fuel vehicles and demonstrate energy efficient mobility systems including connected and autonomous vehicles as well as new transportation system models.

2016 85

VW to unveil new electric ID concept model in Detroit

Green Car Congress

Volkswagen will present a new I.D. family model—a multi-functional electric vehicle—at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit in January. Like the I.D.

2016 85

ABB delivers OppCharge fast charger for electric hybrid buses to Bertrange, Luxembourg

Green Car Congress

ABB has inaugurated the first OppCharge fast-charging station for electric buses in Benelux, in the commuter belt town of Bertrange, Luxembourg.

Huawei Watt Lab develops graphene-assisted high-temperature Li-ion batteries

Green Car Congress

Huawei researchers recently unveiled what they said was the first long-lifespan graphene-assisted Li-ion battery able to withstand high temperatures. The announcement was made by Watt Laboratory, an organization under Huawei’s Central Research Institute, at the 57 th Battery Symposium held in Japan.

2016 85

FCA delivers 100 uniquely built Chrysler Pacifica PHEVs to Waymo for autonomous driving test fleet

Green Car Congress

Waymo (formerly the Google self-driving car project, earlier post ) and FCA announced that production of 100 Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid minivans ( earlier post ) uniquely built to enable fully self-driving operations has been completed.

2016 85

BMW to introduce BMW 530e iPerformance plug-in hybrid at Detroit show

Green Car Congress

BMW will stage the world premiere of the new BMW 5 Series Sedan and the US premiere of the BMW Concept X2 at the North American International Auto Show (NAIAS) in January in Detroit.

2016 85

Now, a $500 electric Tesla: it's a holiday gift for your kids (video)

Green Car Reports

With the holiday season in full swing, here's a gift idea that will indoctrinate tomorrow's potential electric-car buyers at a young age. It's a miniature Tesla Model S produced by Radio Flyer. The company known for its red wagons collaborated with Tesla on the toy Model S, which starts at $499.

2016 83

Michigan socks hybrid owners with new fees—that don't apply to most hybrids

Green Car Reports

The state of Michigan, to help pay for road repairs, decided more than a year ago to hit owners of hybrids and electric cars with additional fees starting this January 1—on top of higher registration rates for all cars. The new fees have been added to the registration bills for hybrids, plug-in hybrid, and battery-electric cars because they. Michigan taxes Gas Tax registration state laws

Woz got a Tesla, not a Chevy Bolt EV: Supercharging may be why

Green Car Reports

In September, Chevy scored quite a publicity coup for its Bolt EV long-range electric car. The car's chief engineer, Josh Tavel, took a pre-production 2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV to show Steve Wozniak, cofounder of Apple Computers—universally known as "Woz." He's a big electric car fan, and had driven a Tesla Model S since he picked one up his. road trips Chevy Tesla Motors plug-in cars Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) Fast Charging Tesla Supercharger

2016 78

New Federal-Mogul Powertrain spark plug allows advanced combustion strategies and higher efficiencies in stationary gaseous-fueled engines

Green Car Congress

Federal-Mogul Powertrain, a division of Federal-Mogul Holdings Corporation, has developed a new spark plug for gaseous-fueled, high BMEP (Brake Mean Effective Pressure) stationary engines.

2016 78

Proton OnSite to supply 13 MW-scale electrolyzers to provide hydrogen for fuel cell bus fueling in China

Green Car Congress

Proton OnSite signed a contract with Guangdong Synergy Hydrogen Power Technology Co., to provide megawatt-scale Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) electrolyzers for the deployment of fuel cell-powered buses in the cities of Foshan and Yunfu, China.

2016 78

UMD researchers report solution to high interfacial impedance hampering developing of high-performance solid-state Li-ion batteries

Green Car Congress

Garnet-type solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) for Li-ion batteries offer a range of attractive benefits, including high ionic conductivity (approaching 1 mS cm −1 at room temperature); excellent environmental stability with processing flexibility; and a wide electrochemical stability window.

2016 78

Toshiba supplying H2-based energy supply system to Tohoku Electric Power; evaluating H2 for overcoming fluctuations from renewables

Green Car Congress

Toshiba Corporation will support a two-year study of power management to be done by Tohoku Electric Power Co., through its H2One, hydrogen based autonomous energy supply system.

2016 78

Efficient and stable PtPb/Pt core/shell nanoplate catalysts for ORR in fuel cells; new way of introducing tensile strain

Green Car Congress

Scientists from the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory; California State University–Northridge; Soochow University; Peking University; and Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics have developed new catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in fuel cells that can undergo 50,000 voltage cycles with a negligible decay in their catalytic activity and no apparent changes in their structure or elemental composition. In a paper published in Science , the team reports on a class of platinum-lead/platinum (PtPb/Pt) core/shell nanoplate catalysts that exhibit large biaxial strains. (Modifying the electronic structure of catalysts can improve their performance; lattice strain (either compressive or tensile) modifies the distances between surface atoms and hence modifies catalytic activity. Earlier post.) The stable Pt (110) facets of the nanoplates have high ORR specific and mass activities that reach 7.8 milliampere (mA) per cm 2 and 4.3 ampere per milligram of platinum at 0.9 volts versus the reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE), respectively. We report on a class of highly uniform PtPb/Pt core/shell nanoplates with large biaxial tensile strain for boosting ORR. Rather than use compressive strain to optimize the oxygen adsorption energy, we show that at a very high tensile strain, the Pt (110) plane located outside the nanoplates can exhibit the superior electrocatalytic activity for ORR. By integrating the strong tensile strain of PtPb to Pt (110) facet along [100] direction with thin two-dimensional (2D) morphology and intermetallic phase (ensuring high chemical stability), the as-prepared nanoplate can deliver specific and mass activities for ORR that are 33.9 and 26.9 times greater than those of the commercial Pt/C catalyst. The PtPb nanoplates show negligible activity decay and no obvious structure and composition changes after a 50,000-cycle electrochemical accelerated durability test (ADT). They are also extremely active and stable for anodic oxidation reactions, largely outperforming those based on the PtPb NPs and the commercial Pt/C in both methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) and ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR). —Bu et al. Hydrogen enters a fuel cell at the anode, which is coated with a platinum catalyst. When the hydrogen molecules come into contact with the platinum, they split into hydrogen ions and free electrons in a reaction called hydrogen oxidation. The hydrogen ions travel through the electrolyte to the cathode; the electrons travel through an external circuit to generate electricity before arriving at the cathode. In the oxygen reduction reaction, oxygen molecules combine with the electrons that have completed their circuit and the hydrogen ions to produce water. The rate of ORR is very slow because molecular oxygen has a very strong double bond that requires significant energy to be broken. As a result, the fuel cell suffers from a reduction in voltage (overpotential) that limits its efficiency. To date, the most successful catalysts for boosting the activity of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR)—a very slow reaction that significantly limits fuel cell efficiency—have been of the Pt-based core-shell structure. However, these catalysts typically have a thin and incomplete shell (owing to their difficult synthesis), which over time allows the acid from the fuel cell environment to leach into the core and react with the other metals inside, resulting in poor long-term stability and a short catalyst lifetime. The goal is to make the ORR as fast as possible with catalysts that have the least amount of platinum and the most stable operation over time. Our PtPb/Pt catalysts show high ORR activity and stability—two parameters that are key to enabling a hydrogen economy—placing them among the most efficient and stable bimetallic catalysts reported for ORR. —co-corresponding author Dong Su, a scientist at Brookhaven Lab’s Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN). In previous studies, scientists have shown that ORR activity can be optimally enhanced in core-shell catalysts by compressing the Pt atoms on one specific lattice surface plane called Pt(111). This compressive strain is induced by adding metals smaller in size than Pt, such as nickel, to the shell’s core, and has the effect of weakening the binding of oxygen to the Pt surface, where the catalytic reaction takes place. The ideal ORR catalyst needs to help break bonds (between oxygen molecules) and form bonds (between oxygen and hydrogen), so oxygen can’t be too strongly or too weakly bound to the platinum surface. Scientists have focused their research on the compressively strained Pt(111) surfaces, in which Pt atoms are squeezed across the surface, because the oxygen binding energy is optimized. In general, scientists thought that tensile strain on the same surface plane would result in overly strong binding of oxygen and thus hinder the ORR reaction. —Dong Su. Su and his collaborators showed that introducing a large tensile strain along one direction of a different surface plane, Pt(110), could also improve ORR catalytic activity. They added Pb (which is larger than Pt) to the core of the Pt shell, causing the Pt atoms to stretch across the surface. After the research group led by Xiaoqing Huang, corresponding author from Soochow University, synthesized the nanoplates, Su characterized their structure and elemental composition at the CFN. Using electron diffraction patterns and images from high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), both of which reveal the relative positions of atoms, he confirmed the core-shell structure and the composition and sequence of the atoms. To verify that the core contained Pt and Pb and that the shell contained Pt, he measured the change in energy of the electrons after they interacted with the nanoplates—a technique called electron energy-loss spectroscopy. With this information, the team distinguished how the nanoplates formed with the individual Pt and Pb atoms. To their surprise, the surface planes were not Pt(111) but Pt(110), and these Pt(110) planes were under biaxial strain—compressive strain in one direction and tensile strain in the other—originating from the PtPb core. Schematic diagram of the oxygen reduction reaction (reduction of O2 into H2O) on the Pt(110) surface of the PtPb/Pt nanoplates, with purple representing Pt atoms and orange representing Pb atoms. Source: BNL. Click to enlarge. Microscopy and synchrotron characterization techniques revealed that the structure and elemental composition of the nanoplates did not change following the durability testing. Compared to commercial Pt-on-carbon (Pt/C) catalysts, the team’s PtPb/Pt nanoplates have one of the highest ORR activities to date, taking the amount of Pt used into account, and excellent durability. The team’s nanoplates also showed high electrocatalytic activity and stability in oxidation reactions of methanol and ethanol. We believe the relatively thick and complete Pt layers play an important role in protecting the core. —Dong Su. To understand how the high ORR activity originates in the nanoplates, the scientists calculated the binding energy between oxygen atoms and Pt atoms on the surface. Their calculations confirmed the tensile strain on the Pt(110) surface was responsible for the enhanced ORR activity. This work opens up a new way to introduce large tensile strain on the stable Pt(110) plane to achieve very high activity for oxygen reduction catalysis. We believe that our approach will inspire efforts to design new nanostructured catalysts with large tensile strain for more efficient catalysis. —co-corresponding author Shaojun Guo of Peking University. Eventually, the laboratory-level electrocatalysts will need to be tested in a larger fuel cell system, where real-world variables—such as pollutants that could impact surface reactivity—can be introduced. In addition to the electron microscopy work performed at CFN, supported by DOE’s Office of Science, this work involved theoretical calculations by Gang Lu’s group at California State University–Northridge and synchrotron characterization by Jing-Yuan Ma at Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility. This work was further supported by the National Basic Research Program of China, the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China, Soochow University, Peking University, the Young Thousand Talents Program, the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, and the U.S. Army Research Office. Resources. Lingzheng Bu, Nan Zhang, Shaojun Guo, Xu Zhang, Jing Li, Jianlin Yao, Tao Wu, Gang Lu, Jing-Yuan Ma, Dong Su, Xiaoqing Huang (2016) “Biaxially strained PtPb/Pt core/shell nanoplate boosts oxygen reduction catalysis” Science Vol. 354, Issue 6318, pp. 1410-1414 doi: 10.1126/science.aah6133. Catalysts Fuel Cells

2016 78

Neste producing renewable “Christmas diesel”; diesel from baked ham fat

Green Car Congress

Neste is producing the first “Christmas diesel” in a holiday recycling campaign inviting Finns to collect the fat from baked Christmas hams in an effort to produce enough 100% renewable fuel to drive around the world three times. The festive charity stunt aims to demonstrate the power of recycling and circular economy. Grocery stores and service stations across the country have set up collection points for ham fat.

2016 77

BMW to show HoloActive Touch HMI system at CES 2017

Green Car Congress

At the upcoming CES 2017 show in Las Vegas, the BMW Group will unveil the BMW HoloActive Touch system.

2016 78

Toyota Research Institute brings Prius Challenge to Sonoma Raceway; Onramp 2017

Green Car Congress

Toyota Research Institute (TRI) announced that Toyota is bringing the Prius Challenge to the Sonoma Raceway for the third iteration of its ongoing Onramp series, an innovation event designed to engage the startup and tech community.

2016 78

Michigan hybrid fees, VW electric concept, CAFE penalties: Today's Car News

Green Car Reports

Today, Michigan socks hybrid owners with new fees, Volkswagen teases a new electric concept car ahead of the 2017 Detroit Auto Show, and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration delays an increase in penalties for automakers that fall short of fuel-economy standards. All this and more on Green Car Reports. Volkswagen will debut an. Today in Car News

2016 76

NHTSA delays penalty rise for carmakers who miss CAFE levels

Green Car Reports

Current Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards require automakers to achieve a fleet average of roughly 54.5 mpg by 2025. That's actually closer to 40 mpg in the real world, as presented on new-car window stickers, but it still represents a major increase over the next few years. The auto industry has argued that it is too large an. NHTSA CAFE Fuel Economy National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Corporate Average Fuel Economy

2016 75

Mitsubishi electric cars to use Nissan-Renault platforms: report

Green Car Reports

Now that it has officially taken control of Mitsubishi Motors, the Renault-Nissan Alliance is integrating the smaller automaker's green-car projects with its own. Renault-Nissan announced plans to acquire a 34-percent stake in Mitsubishi in May, shortly after the company admitted to cheating on fuel-economy tests for many years in its home country. Future Cars plug-in cars Renault-Nissan

2016 74

Germany may miss 2020 emission targets, government report shows

Green Car Reports

Ambitious emissions-reduction goals are important, because they allow policymakers to coordinate and focus efforts on a defined target. But the problem with setting lofty goals is that, eventually, they must be met. The German government is now finding out how difficult that can be. DON'T MISS: EU starts legal action against Germany, UK for. Europe emissions Germany energy policy plug-in cars fossil fuels

Electric Vehicle Arteries (EVA+) fast charging: Enel, Verbund, Renault, Nissan, BMW & Volkswagen partner in Italy & Austria

Green Car Congress

Enel, as coordinator, and Austria’s main utility Verbund are collaborating on a fast-recharging network project in Italy and Austria, alongside some of the world’s largest EV carmakers including Renault, Nissan, BMW and Volkswagen Group Italia (represented by Volkswagen and Audi). Electric Vehicle Arteries (EVA+) aims to create a fast charging infrastructure for electric vehicles on key roads and motorways in Italy and Austria. A grant agreement worth a maximum of €4.2 million (US$4.4

Toyota changes course, offers to share hybrid technology with rivals

Green Car Reports

Over the past six months, Toyota has made some remarkable decisions about its present and future car technologies. After years of staunch opposition to battery-electric vehicles, it committed to launching one by 2020. Now, the company has decided to offer its proprietary hybrid technology in volume to other automakers. DON'T MISS: Toyota battery. parts suppliers Future Cars hybrid sales

2016 74

Sandia Labs forms Spray Combustion Consortium to improve engine design

Green Car Congress

Sandia National Laboratories has formed an industry-funded Spray Combustion Consortium to better understand fuel injection by developing modeling tools. Control of fuel sprays is key to the development of clean, affordable fuel-efficient engines. Intended for industry, software vendors and national laboratories, the consortium provides a direct path from fundamental research to validated engineering models ultimately used in combustion engine design.

2016 73

Euro NCAP 2016: Toyota Prius, Hyundai Ioniq and VW Tiguan best in class

Green Car Congress

In 2016, Euro NCAP tested 18 new passenger cars and four heavy quadricycles; three cars were awarded “Best in Class”: the Toyota Prius in the Large Family Car category; the Hyundai Ioniq in the Small Family Car category; and the VW Tiguan in the Small Off-Roader category. To define the Best in Class, a calculation is made of the weighted sum of the scores in each of the four areas of assessment: Adult Occupant, Child Occupant, Pedestrian and Safety Assist.

2016 73

Electric cars are on the market, so where are all the ads?

Green Car Reports

Anyone who watches even a little television knows that automakers take advertising seriously—and do a lot of it. The seemingly-never-ending stream of commercials keeps their brands in the public eye, and helps them sell cars to the subset of viewers in the market. But if you think that electric cars are generally not represented in that. Marketing sales New car sales plug-in cars Ads Sierra Club

2016 73

Volkswagen reaches agreement with US and California on 3.0L diesels; $225M to environmental remediation, $25M to CA ZEV

Green Car Congress

Volkswagen AG and Volkswagen Group of America, Inc. reached an agreement with the US Department of Justice (DOJ) on behalf of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the State of California, by and through the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and the California Attorney General, to resolve civil claims regarding approximately 83,000 affected 3.0L TDI V6 diesel engine vehicles in the United States (almost 15,000 of them in California).

2016 73

VW diesel probe focuses on missing phones: 'bright red flag,' says FTC

Green Car Reports

As Volkswagen aims to resolve numerous lawsuits related to its use of illegal "defeat device" software in diesel cars, federal agencies are continuing their criminal investigations of the company's actions. As part of its investigation, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is now seeking more information on whether Volkswagen destroyed cell phones. TDI VW FTC Volkswagen diesel scandal

2016 71

GKN Driveline to invest $179M to expand NC manufacturing; all-wheel-drive, eDrive

Green Car Congress

GKN Driveline will invest nearly $179 million to expand manufacturing facilities in Alamance, Catawba, Lee and Person counties in North Carolina. The investment will occur over the next five years and will create 302 jobs. The investment and new jobs have been added to support growing All-Wheel-Drive and eDrive business for several North American automotive manufacturers.

2016 70

Researchers demonstrate new nickel selenide catalyst for more efficient water splitting

Green Car Congress

A team of researchers from Missouri University of Science and Technology and National and Kapodistrian University of Athens in Greece have developed a highly efficient transition metal selenide-based coordination complex, [Ni{(SePiPr 2 ) 2 N} 2 ] for oxygen evolution and hydrogen evolution reactions (OER and HER, respectively) in alkaline solution.

2016 70