April, 2015

U Toronto studies find traffic emissions spread farther than thought; 25% of cars causing 90% of pollution

Green Car Congress

A trio of recently published studies from a team of University of Toronto engineers has found that air pollution could be spreading up to three times farther than thought, contributing to varying levels of air quality across cities. Past research on tailpipe criteria pollutants has shown poor air quality anywhere between 100 to 250 meters of major roadways.

2015 290

When Will The Presidential Limo Become A Tesla Electric Car?

Green Car Reports

Forgive us a Friday fantasy, if you will. We''re looking forward a few years to a Request For Proposals issued by the Secret Service for a future presidential limousine. There''s already a proposal out to replace the current limo, known as "The Beast," that''s been used by President Barack Obama since 2009. DON''T MISS: $75,000 Tesla Model S 70D: AWD. limousines White House plug-in cars

2015 131
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Photos of progress

DIY Electric Car

A selection of shots of the progress so far. Attached Thumbnails

2015 109

New study finds asthma morbidity in children is enhanced in areas with high traffic-related air pollution near the home

Green Car Congress

Results from a new study by researchers at the University of California Irvine support a growing body of scientific literature indicating that sensitive populations, including children, certain ethnic groups and people of lower socioeconomic status, are more vulnerable to the effects of high exposures to traffic-related air pollution. The UC Irvine study, which examined the effect of chronic exposure in asthmatic children living in homes near traffic pollution, was led by Ralph J.

2015 289

New Li-S battery shows cycle performance comparable to that of Li-ion batteries along with more than double the energy density

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A team of researchers in South Korea and Italy has demonstrated a highly reliable lithium–sulfur battery showing cycle performance comparable to that of commercially available lithium-ion batteries while offering more than double the energy density. The team, led by a group from Hanyang University, used a highly reversible dual-type sulfur cathode (solid sulfur electrode and polysulfide catholyte) and a lithiated Si/SiO x nanosphere anode.

2015 285

Toyota pops the hood on the technology of the fuel cell Mirai at SAE World Congress

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The new fuel cell stack in Mirai increases the current density by a factor of 2.4 compared to the conventional FC stack. Konno et al. Click to enlarge. At SAE 2015 World Congress last week, Toyota presented a set of four technical papers describing some of the technology innovations used in its production fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle Mirai ( earlier post ).

2015 283

GM provides technical details of the Gen 2 Voltec propulsion system used in the 2016 Volt

Green Car Congress

The second-generation “Voltec” extended range electric powertrain applied in the MY2016 Chevy Volt ( earlier post ) marks a significant evolution in the electric drive technology platform from its first-generation origins. After proving a initial look at the design and capability of the different components ( earlier post ) late last year, GM is now providing deeper technical insight into the second-generation platform.

2015 283

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BMW staging world premiere of X5 plug-in hybrid at Auto Shanghai

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BMW is using the upcoming Auto Shanghai event as the platform for the world premiere of the BMW X5 xDrive40e Sports Activity Vehicle, the first plug-in hybrid production model from the BMW core brand. Earlier post.). The new BMW X5 xDrive40e. Click to enlarge. With a total system output of 230 kW/313 hp generated by a four-cylinder gasoline engine with BMW TwinPower Turbo technology, a synchronous electric motor integrated in the 8-speed Steptronic transmission, and a 9.0

2015 273

Fujitsu and GMS partner on trial of electric tricycles in the Philippines

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Fujitsu Limited and Global Mobility Service, Inc. GMS), a venture company providing mobility services, will partner on field testing to expand the use of electric tricycles (a three-wheel taxi) in the Republic of the Philippines.

2015 272

ITF report finds self-driving shared vehicles could take up to 90% of cars off city streets; total kilometers travelled increases

Green Car Congress

A fleet of self-driving shared cars combined with high-capacity public transport could make 90% of conventional cars in mid-sized cities superfluous under certain circumstances, according to a study published by the International Transport Forum (ITF) at the OECD. Even during peak hours, only about one-third (35%) of the current number of cars would be needed to provide the same number of trips as today.

2015 267

Research facility in Dresden produces first batch of Audi e-diesel; sunfire’s power-to-liquid technology

Green Car Congress

A pilot plant in Dresden has started production of the synthetic fuel Audi e-diesel using water, CO 2 and green power—i.e., power-to-liquid (PtL). After a commissioning phase of just four months, the research facility in Dresden started producing its first batches of high‑quality diesel fuel a few days ago. Earlier post.). The energy technology company sunfire is Audi’s project partner and the plant operator. The CO 2 used is currently supplied by a biogas facility.

2015 267

Stanford team develops ultra-fast aluminum-ion battery with stability over thousands of cycles

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A team at Stanford University, led by professor Hongjie Dai, has developed a high-performance, safe, fast-charging aluminum-ion battery that can last for thousands of cycles. The Al-ion battery—comprising an aluminum anode, graphite cathode and ionic liquid electrolyte—produces about half the voltage of a Li-ion battery. In addition to powering small electronic devices, Al-ion batteries could be used to store renewable energy on the electrical grid, Dai said.

2015 264

Jaguar bringing XE diesel to US in 2016

Green Car Congress

The Jaguar US lineup will expand in 2016 with the addition of the all new, aluminum-intensive Jaguar XE compact sports sedan in 20d (diesel) and 35t models each in Premium, Prestige and R-Sport trim levels and available in RWD or AWD. The Jaguar XE will be offered with a lighter version of the ZF 8-speed automatic used in the rest of the Jaguar range. The fuel economy leader will be the Jaguar XE 20d, powered by the company’s new Ingenium 2.0

2015 254

Phoenix Cars delivers electric flatbed truck with V2G capability to US Navy

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Phoenix Cars LLC, a developer of electric vehicle technologies for the fleet market, delivered an electric Zero Emissions Utility Shuttle flatbed (ZEUS) to US Naval Base Ventura County Port Hueneme, California. Vehicle To Grid (V2G) charging capability will provide mobile power capability available for future needs. Click to enlarge.

2015 253

Virginia Tech team engineers optimized synthetic enzymatic pathway for high-yield production of H2 directly from biomass

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A team of Virginia Tech researchers and colleagues has demonstrated the complete conversion of glucose and xylose from pretreated plant biomass to H 2 and CO 2 based on an in vitro synthetic enzymatic pathway crafted from more than 10 purified enzymes. Glucose and xylose were simultaneously converted to H 2 with a yield of two H 2 per carbon, the maximum possible yield.

2015 253

Volkswagen introduces high-end plug-in hybrid C Coupé GTE concept in Shanghai

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At Auto Shanghai, Volkswagen is presenting the world premiere of the C Coupé GTE, which illustrates a new design approach for future top-end sedans at Volkswagen. This four-door concept car for the Chinese market—which is more than five meters in length—is powered by a plug-in hybrid drive system, the drive sources of which combine to produce 500 N·m of system torque.

2015 250

Volvo Cars announces improved fuel consumption/GHG numbers for XC90 T8 Twin Engine PHEV

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Volvo Cars reports that its XC90 T8 Twin Engine plug-in hybrid is now rated with fuel consumption of 2.1 l/100 km (112 mpg US) and 49 g CO 2 /km, with 43 km (27 miles) all-electric range on the NEDC cycle for hybrids. In December 2014, the figures were 2.5 l/100 km and 59 g/km. Earlier post.). Further tuning of the 7-seat luxury SUV resulted in the drop of 10 g/km from the initial prognosis, bringing fuel consumption down to 2.1

2015 246

Carbon Core of next-gen BMW 7 Series helps reduce sedan’s weight by up to 130 kg; remote control parking

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BMW presented an initial selection of technology highlights for the next generation of the BMW 7 Series model range featuring developments in lightweight design, driving dynamics, comfort, intelligent connectivity and operation. Due to the BMW EfficientLightweight strategy, the new BMW 7 Series line-up will weigh up to 130 kilograms (287 lbs) less than the outgoing generation of models.

2015 244

Chevrolet introduces 2016 Spark; new 1.4L engine with 16% more power and 40 mpg highway

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At the New York International Auto Show, Chevrolet introduced the all-new 2016 Spark—a completely redesigned and more sophisticated execution of the brand’s global minicar. It offers greater efficiency and refinement, along with new, available safety and connectivity features. As one of Chevrolet’s most global vehicles (global Chevrolet Spark sales have surpassed 1 million since it went on sale in 2010), the 2016 Spark will be offered in more than 40 markets around the world.

2015 243

Toshiba opens Hydrogen Energy Research & Development Center

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Toshiba Corporation has opened the Toshiba Group Hydrogen Energy Research & Development Center (HRDC) at its Fuchu Complex in western Tokyo. The new Center will drive forward the development and demonstration of solutions integrating hydrogen-related energy technologies; Toshiba Group aims to increase the sales of hydrogen-related business to ¥100 billion (US$840 million) by 2020.

2015 241

Cadillac boosts performance of ELR plug-in hybrid for MY2016, cuts MSRP by $9K; $58,495 net after Fed credits

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Cadillac has greatly enhanced the performance of its ELR extended range electric vehicle (plug-in hybrid) ( earlier post ) for the 2016 model year, and is also cutting the MSRP by $9,005, bringing the starting price down to $58,495 net after the $7,500 US federal tax credit (MSRP = $65,995). MSRP for MY2014 was $75,000, with a net price of $67,500 after the Federal credit. Cadillac sold 1,310 units of the ELR in the US in calendar year 2014, and sold 311 units in the first quarter of 2015.).

2015 240

Shell, Gordon Murray and Osamu Goto to develop new ultra-compact ICE city car

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Shell, in collaboration with Professor Gordon Murray and engine specialist Osamu Goto will co-engineer an ultra-compact, efficient car for city use based around the internal combustion engine (ICE). Initiated by Shell, the collaboration, which is called Project M, brings together Shell’s Lubricant’s Technology Team, The Gordon Murray Design Group and Goto’s engine specialist company Geo Technology. Development of the lubricants, engine and vehicle will be completely integrated.

2015 237

“WaterBone” design wins grand prize in ARPA-E LITECAR Challenge

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The winning design: “WaterBone”. Click to enlarge. Local Motors, in partnership with the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), announced the winner of the LIghtweighting Technologies Enabling Comprehensive Automotive Redesign ( LITECAR ) Challenge.

2015 235

Crowdtap purchasing study finds 80% of those in the market for a car are more likely to turn to social media than a salesperson

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Crowdtap released the results of a new study exploring the consumer path to purchase when it comes to buying a vehicle. The data shows that car buyers are increasingly relying on peer reviews and social media—above traditional advertising and professional review sources—when it comes to researching and learning about car brands and models.

2015 235

Volvo Cars introducing production S60L T6 Twin Engine PHEV at the Shanghai Motor Show; on sale next week

Green Car Congress

Volvo Cars will introduce the production version of the S60L T6 Twin Engine plug-in hybrid sedan at the 2015 Shanghai Motor Show; the plug-in sedan first made its appearance as a concept car at the Beijing auto show in 2014. Earlier post.) Sales of the S60L T6 Twin Engine begin next week in China. The new S60L Twin Engine is manufactured in Volvo Cars’ Chengdu Plant.

2015 233

Cadillac announces CT6 plug-in hybrid for China

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Cadillac will add a Plug-In Hybrid Electric (PHEV) propulsion system to its upcoming range-topping CT6 sedan, to be manufactured at the new Shanghai GM Cadillac plant, Pudong Jinqiao, China. The new PHEV version of the CT6 will be capable of greater than 60 km (32.4 miles) of all-electric range, and pairs with Cadillac’s 2.0-liter turbo 4-cylinder gas engine to offer estimated fuel efficiency of approximately 2.0L per 100 km (141 mpg US) based on China testing standards.

2015 228

California Energy Commission awards nearly $9M to 3 projects to support local manufacturing of heavy-duty electric vehicles, PHEVs

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As part of its approval of more than $83.7 million in grants and loans for 46 projects covering transportation, energy storage, biogas and efficiency programs, the California Energy Commission awarded nearly $9 million to three companies to encourage the manufacturing of heavy-duty electric vehicles and components in California. The Energy Commission also approved the 2015-2016 Investment Plan Update for its Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program (ARFVTP).

2015 226

LiquidPiston signs $1M agreement with DARPA to advance development of power-dense X-Mini rotary engine for JP-8

Green Car Congress

LiquidPiston, Inc. LPI), the developer of engines based on its High Efficiency Hybrid Cycle (HEHC) ( earlier post ), has entered into an agreement totaling $991,557 with the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to advance the development of its efficient, power-dense rotary internal combustion engine X-Mini ( earlier post ) for portable and small-engine applications.

2015 224

The Game-Changing Water Revolution: Interview with Stanley Weiner

Green Car Congress

by James Stafford for Oilprice.com. Globally, water demand is threatening to dangerously outpace supply, while in the US, dry states such as Texas and California are suffering from shortages and the future forebodes more suffering. For the North American shale boom, the lack of water is suffocating.

2015 224

Delphi automated vehicle completes coast-to-coast drive

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Delphi Automotive has completed the longest automated drive in North America, traveling from San Francisco to New York in the first coast-to-coast trip ever taken by an automated vehicle. Earlier post.) Nearly 3,400 miles (5,472 km) were covered with 99% of the drive in fully automated mode. The drive was used by Delphi engineers to research and collect information that will help further advance active safety technology.

2015 224

NASA-led analysis characterizes the impact of jet fuel composition on emitted aerosols

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Using data gathered during four different, comprehensive ground tests conducted over the past decade, researchers from NASA and their colleagues have statistically analyzed the impact of jet fuel properties on aerosols emitted by the NASA Douglas DC-8 CFM56-2-C1 engines burning 15 different aviation fuels. The analysis, reported in a paper in the ACS journal Energy & Fuels , linked changes in aerosol emissions to fuel compositional changes.

2015 224

BMW, GM sites in top 5 US generators of onsite green power

Green Car Congress

According to the latest Top 30 list for organizations generating and consuming the most green power on-site within the EPA Green Power Partnership, BMW Manufacturing in Spartanburg, SC and General Motors’ Fort Wayne Assembly Plant rank fourth and fifth, respectively, with both using biogas. BMW Manufacturing earned a 2003 Green Power Leadership Award for using landfill gas to generate a portion of the power needed to operate its Spartanburg, South Carolina manufacturing facility.

2015 223

Global debut for Nissan Murano Hybrid at Shanghai show

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Nissan unveiled two all-new production models, the Murano Hybrid and Lannia, a new mid-size sedan for the Chinese market, along with two Nismo products, GT-R Nismo and 370Z Nismo, at Auto Shanghai 2015. Murano Hybrid features the Nissan Intelligent Dual Clutch System (one motor/two clutch parallel system). A new supercharged QR25DER gasoline engine is paired with an electric motor to deliver driving performance equivalent to a V6-3.5L engine and fuel economy similar to the 2.0L engine.

2015 223

DOE investing $200M in next-gen supercomputer for Argonne; on the road to exascale computing

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Under the joint Collaboration of Oak Ridge, Argonne, and Lawrence Livermore (CORAL) initiative, the US Department of Energy (DOE) will invest $200 million to deliver a next-generation supercomputer—Aurora—to the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF). When commissioned in 2018, this supercomputer will be open to all scientific users.

2015 223

Jaguar introduces Gen 2, aluminum-intensive XF; up to 60 mpg US with diesel Ingenium engine

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Jaguar has unveiled the second-generation, all-new Jaguar XF at the New York International Auto Show. The coupé-like design uses Jaguar’s aluminum-intensive (75% aluminum) architecture ( earlier post ) to enable weight savings of up to 190 kg (419 lbs)—making the 163PS diesel model 80 kg (176 lbs) lighter than the nearest competitor—plus an increase in torsional stiffness of up to 28%. The architecture also delivers improvements in packaging and proportions.

2015 223

Chevrolet introduces 2016 Malibu; full hybrid option; 8-speed auto

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Chevrolet introduced the all-new 2016 Malibu—the ninth generation of the midsize sedan which made its debut in 1964. The completely restyled midsize sedan is engineered to offer more efficiency, connectivity and advanced safety features, and features the option of a new full-hybrid powertrain, which leverages technology from the Chevrolet Volt. Earlier post.) The Malibu Hybrid will offer an estimated combined fuel economy rating exceeding 45 mpg (5.22 l/100 km).

2015 221

Daimler introduces electric mobility in driving schools in Germany

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Daimler AG and the ACADEMY Holding AG are launching a pilot project with five selected ACADEMY driving schools in the wider Stuttgart area, with the aim of making electric vehicles an integral part of driver training. The specially developed training concept tackles every aspect of electric mobility, focusing on gaining familiarity and experience, as well as on the correct way to handle and work with alternative drive systems.

2015 220