Tue.Jan 21, 2020

HKUST team develops high-capacity, long-life Li-S battery

Green Car Congress

Researchers at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology have developed a high-capacity, long-life lithium-sulfur battery using a bi-functional cathode substrate for Li–S batteries made of well-distributed boron carbide nanoparticles decorated activated cotton fiber (B 4 C-ACF).

2020 78

Subaru aims for dramatic CO2 cuts: All hybrids and EVs by mid 2030s

Green Car Reports

Outdoorsy, crunchy, and active are surely among the descriptors that Subaru has carefully cultivated into its brand identity and owner base over the years.

2020 71

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Study puts cost of decarbonizing shipping by 2050 at ~$1.4-$1.9T; largest investment needed in land-based systems

Green Car Congress

A new study by University Maritime Advisory Services ( UMAS ) and Energy Transitions Commission ( ETC ) prepared for the Global Maritime Forum for the Getting to Zero Coalition, estimates that the cumulative investment needed between 2030 and 2050 to halve shipping’s CO 2 emissions amounts to approximately $1-1.4 trillion—an average of $50 billion to $70 billion annually for 20 years. The report authors note that these figures should be viewed in the context of annual global investments in energy, which in 2018 alone amounted to US$1.85 trillion. The global shipping fleet accounts for ~2.2% of CO 2 emissions. If shipping is to fully decarbonize by 2050, this will require further investments of some $400 billion over 20 years, bringing the total to $1.4 trillion to $1.9 trillion. The estimate of investments required is based on ammonia (NH 3 ) being the primary zero carbon fuel choice adopted by the shipping industry as it moves towards zero carbon fuels. ( Earlier post.) Under different assumptions, hydrogen, synthetic methanol, or other fuels may displace ammonia’s projected dominance, but the magnitude of investments needed will not significantly change for these other fuels. To avoid shifting emissions upstream, efforts to decarbonize shipping also include the decarbonization of fuel production. The analysis is therefore based on the use of low/zero carbon hydrogen as input to the production of ammonia. The UMAS and ETC analysis finds that the largest share of investments is needed in the land-based infrastructure and production facilities for low-carbon fuels—around 87% of the total. This includes investments in the production of low-carbon fuels, and the land-based storage and bunkering infrastructure needed for their supply. The investments needed depend on the production method for the hydrogen used to produce ammonia. Investment breakdown across vessels and land-based infrastructure. Only 13% of the investments needed are related to the ships themselves, which include the machinery and onboard storage required for a ship to run on low carbon fuels in newbuilds and, in some cases, for retrofits. Ship-related investments also include investments in improving energy efficiency, which are estimated to grow due to the higher cost of low carbon fuels compared to traditional marine fuels. This makes the challenge of decarbonizing the shipping sector a whole system challenge and not something just for shipping, the report says. Given the majority of investment is on land, any R&D fund needs to enable deployment and scaling of the land-side, and not just work on equipment for ships. The risk is that we end up with a fleet of zero-emission ships, no decarbonization of fuel production (e.g. producing ammonia using natural gas) and then shift the emissions upstream. Energy infrastructure and ships are long-life capital-intensive assets that normally evolve slowly. In the next three decades however, our analysis suggests we will see a disruptive and rapid change to align to a new zero carbon system, with fossil fuel aligned assets becoming obsolete or needing significant modification. Even though regulatory drivers of this system change such as carbon pricing are only starting to be debated, the economic viability of today’s investments and even the returns on recent investments will be challenged, and the sooner this is factored in to strategies and plans, the better. —Dr Tristan Smith, Associate Professor at the UCL Energy Institute and one of the authors. Much of shipping’s decarbonization will take place on land. It is a systemic transformation that goes beyond the capabilities of the maritime industry alone. We need to bring together the full range of upstream and downstream fuels value chains to unlock shipping’s shift to zero carbon energy sources. Done right, this represents a trillion-dollar market opportunity. —Lord Adair Turner, chair of the Energy Transitions Commission. The estimates of investment needed come from the UMAS shipping model GloTraM. The model simulates decisions from a shipowner’s perspective to identify the fuel, technology and operation combinations that maximize their profits and therefore identifies the likely pathways for the sector’s evolution under a combination of macroeconomic and policy drivers. The model includes a detailed representation of the different ship types within the global fleet, and the production pathways, their capital and operating costs, for a range of potential low and zero carbon fuels. From this, the investment implications for fleet and land-side infrastructure of the model-identified likely pathway are then obtained. Ammonia Emissions Fuels Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Ports and Marine

2020 78

Tesla’s pushback, Subaru’s electrification push, VW’s EV targets: Today’s Car News

Green Car Reports

Subaru is planning a big shift toward hybrids and electric cars. VW’s targets seem far off, according to one analysis. And Tesla cries foul about unintended-acceleration claims. This and more, here at Green Car Reports.

2020 55

Number of US crude oil refineries has declined but total distillation capacity has risen from 1982 to 2019

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In 1982 there were over 250 operating crude oil refineries in the United States; that number declined to 132 by 2019, according to data from the US Department of Energy (DOE). Meanwhile, the total distillation capacity of all refineries combined increased from a low of 14.4

2020 78

Analysis suggests Volkswagen electric-car targets are out of reach

Green Car Reports

Last week, in a speech to executives in Germany, Volkswagen CEO Herbert Diess was critical about the automaker’s pace so far toward electric vehicles.

2020 55

Mercom: battery, smart grid, energy efficiency companies raised $2.3B in VC funding in 2019; 18% lower than 2018

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Mercom Capital Group, llc, a global clean energy research and communications firm, released its report on funding and mergers and acquisitions (M&A) activity for the Battery Storage, Smart Grid, and Energy Efficiency sectors for 2019.

2020 78

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Neste’s sustainable aviation fuel available at Zurich airport during the World Economic Forum 2020

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Neste, the world’s largest producer of renewable diesel and renewable jet fuel refined from waste and residues, will deliver renewable jet fuel (sustainable aviation fuel, SAF) to Zurich Airport during the World Economic Forum 2020 in Davos, Switzerland.

2020 78

UNECE endorses stringent new vehicle emissions regulation; towards a single type approval for major markets ?

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UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe) will make it easier for countries around the world to implement state-of-the-art emissions test procedures with a new UN Regulation featuring the Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP). The draft UN Regulation was endorsed on 17 January by the Working Party on Pollution and Energy ( GRPE ).

2020 60

GKN Automotive and Delta Electronics collaborate to accelerate development of next-generation eDrive technology

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GKN Automotive, a leading global supplier of electric drive, all-wheel drive and driveline technology and systems, and Delta Electronics Inc., a world-class provider of power and thermal management solutions, will collaborate on the joint development of next-generation integrated 3-in-1 (inverter, motor and transmission fully integrated) eDrive systems of power classes from 80kW to 155kW.

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