Study finds direct seawater splitting has substantial drawbacks to conventional water splitting, offers almost no advantage

Green Car Congress

A study by a team of researchers from Technische Universität Berlin (TUB) and Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft has found that direct seawater splitting for hydrogen production has substantial drawbacks compared to conventional water splitting and offers almost no advantage.

Water 394

Cambridge study finds globalized economy making water, energy and land insecurity worse

Green Car Congress

The first large-scale study of the risks that countries face from dependence on water, energy and land resources has found that globalization may be decreasing, rather than increasing, the security of global supply chains. They found that the vast majority of countries and industrial sectors are highly exposed both directly, via domestic production, and indirectly, via imports, to over-exploited and insecure water, energy and land resources.

2020 161
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Lawrence Livermore publishes state-by-state energy/water Sankey diagrams

Green Car Congress

For the first time, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has published state-by-state energy and water Sankey diagrams in one location so that analysts and policymakers can find all the information they need in one place. These diagrams depict energy use and water flow during the year 2010, the latest year for which comprehensive data is available. General location of energy and water categories. Energy and water generally “flows” from left to right.

2018 204

Sewerage and Water Board of New Orleans deploys 6 plug-in hybrid pickups from XL Fleet

Green Car Congress

In order to advance its fleet electrification and emissions reduction goals, the Sewerage and Water Board of New Orleans (SWBNO) has deployed six new XL plug-in hybrid electric Ford F-150 pickup trucks to its fleet.

2020 404

The Game-Changing Water Revolution: Interview with Stanley Weiner

Green Car Congress

Globally, water demand is threatening to dangerously outpace supply, while in the US, dry states such as Texas and California are suffering from shortages and the future forebodes more suffering. For the North American shale boom, the lack of water is suffocating. The water revolution is here, according to Stanley Weiner, CEO of STW Resources -a Texas-based company that has the exclusive North American license for Dutch-developed next-generation Salttech desalination technology.

2015 221

Monash team proposes roadmap to renewable ammonia economy; 3 generations of technology

Green Car Congress

Over the last decade, momentum has been building to transform the Haber- Bosch (H-B) ammonia industry toward renewable sources of hydrogen, for example, from water electrolysis or solar thermal cycles. 2020) “A Roadmap to the Ammonia Economy”, Joule doi: 10.1016/ j.joule.2020.04.004.

2020 338

Graforce plasma electrolysis for efficient generation of hydrogen from industrial waste water; partnering with Audi

Green Car Congress

Berlin-based Graforce Hydro GmbH, the developer of a plasma electrolyzer—the Plasmalyzer —is applying its technology for the highly efficient generation of hydrogen from industrial waste water. This allows both dissociative electron attraction and dissociative excitations of process gases and water, and also plasma-chemical synthesis processes. The current Plasmalyzer offers highly efficient water splitting. Only purified water and oxygen remain as waste products.

2018 228

US DOI report highlights impacts of climate change on Western water resources

Green Car Congress

The US Department of the Interior released a report that assesses climate change risks and how these risks could impact water operations, hydropower, flood control, and fish and wildlife in the western United States. The report, which responds to requirements under the SECURE Water Act of 2009, details several increased risks to western United States water resources during the 21 st century. SECURE Water Act Report. Climate Change Climate Change Adaptation Water

CPT launching water-cooled electric supercharger for commercial diesel engines

Green Car Congress

At the 17 th Supercharging conference this week in Dresden, Controlled Power Technologies (CPT) will launch what it says is the first water-cooled electric supercharger developed for “quasi-continuous” boosting of commercial diesel engines, including those developed for off highway applications. Because it is water-cooled it has a high level of thermal stability. Cobra electric supercharger. Click to enlarge.

2012 294

Bosch more broadly commercializing water injection system; up to 13% fuel savings under some conditions

Green Car Congress

Bosch is now more broadly commercializing its water injection system for turbocharged engines ( earlier post ). Bosch currently supplies water injection parts for the BMW M4 GTS—the first production vehicle to feature a water injection system. Bosch’s WI system comprises a water pump; a water rail; and injectors which have been designed to handle the specific challenges arising as a result of operation with water.

2016 150

Gen 3 Ecodiesel in 2020 Ram 1500 EcoDiesel delivers 480 lb-ft, leading fuel economy

Green Car Congress

The all-new third-generation 3.0-liter V-6 EcoDiesel is also expected to lead the segment on fuel economy. Pricing and fuel economy ratings will be announced closer to the truck’s on-sale date. The third generation of the turbocharged 3.0-liter EcoDiesel V-6 delivers increased torque and horsepower, along with fuel economy and minimal levels of noise, vibration and harshness (NVH).

2019 192

Nielsen global survey finds concerns about climate change slipping behind concerns over other environmental issues; air and water pollution top worries, pesticide use #3

Green Car Congress

Concern about climate change/global warming among online consumers around the world took a back-seat to other environmental issues such as air and water pollution, water shortages, packaging waste and use of pesticides, according to Nielsen’s 2011 Global Online Environment & Sustainability Survey of more than 25,000 Internet respondents in 51 countries. Portugal and Mexico were also the world’s most concerned countries about water shortages and air and water pollution.

BMW: Water Injection Can Boost Power And Cut Fuel Consumption

Green Car Reports

Fuel EconomyElectric cars and hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles may get a lot of attention, but every carmaker is still searching for ways to improve the fuel efficiency of internal-combustion engines. At its Innovation Days 2015 event in Miramas, France, BMW showed off one of several new technologies it's working on to reduce fuel consumption in its future.

2015 90

NSF announces $55M toward national research priorities; intersection of food, energy and water systems

Green Car Congress

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has made 11 awards totaling $55 million aimed at building research capacity to develop new innovations at the intersection of food, energy and water systems and to address fundamental questions about the brain. Research at the nexus of food, energy and water. Studies will focus on identifying the presence, extent and timing of harmful algal blooms as they relate to water quality.

2016 150

CU-Boulder team develops more efficient isothermal solar-thermal water splitting technique for H2 production

Green Car Congress

A University of Colorado Boulder team has developed a new solar-thermal water-splitting (STWS) system for the efficient production of hydrogen. STWS cycles have long been recognized as a desirable means of generating hydrogen gas (H 2 ) from water and sunlight, the team notes. Splitting water with sunlight is the Holy Grail of a sustainable hydrogen economy. Weimer (2013) Efficient Generation of H2 by Splitting Water with an Isothermal Redox Cycle.

2013 236

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

Green Car Congress

Geely’s CRI investment and work with renewable methanol is similar to the approach Audi is taking with its own e-fuels projects—producing very low carbon liquid or gaseous fuels using only renewable energy, water and CO 2. Its first commercial-scale production plant obtains carbon dioxide from gas emissions from a geothermal power plant and hydrogen via electrolysis of water using renewable sources of energy from the Icelandic power grid (from hydro, geothermal and wind sources).

2015 210

US-China Clean Energy Research Center issues $12.5M solicitation to address the energy-water nexus; $50M effort in all

Green Car Congress

million Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) ( DE-FOA-0001285 ) for a new technical track under the US-China Clean Energy Research Center ( CERC ) that addresses water-related aspects of energy production and use. The solicitation calls for the formation of a US-based consortium to work with Chinese counterparts to bolster collaborative efforts to help ensure energy, water, and environmental security and combat climate change. carbon economy, while mitigating the long?term

2015 185

Studies highlight effects of different gasoline components on fuel economy, combustion and emissions

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Jilin University (China) have investigated the effect of gasoline components on fuel economy, combustion and emissions in a GDI (gasoline-direct-injection) engine. So far, there are few complete comparative studies about the effect of different components of gasoline on fuel economy. And a limited understanding of the effects of gasoline properties on fuel economy and modern vehicle emissions impedes the establishment of stricter fuel standards in China.

2018 174

Aisin Seki develops new economic electric water cooling pump for automobiles

Green Car Congress

Aisin Seki electric water cooling pump installed in engine (red circle). Cars traditionally use mechanical water cooling pumps, which have a flow rate dependent on the engine speed. Electric cooling pumps offer greater control over the water flow allowing significant fuel economies. Aisin Seki electric water cooling pump (connecting side). Mechanical seals on the shaft prevent leaking of the cooling water.

2012 214

GM recycles water bottles to make part for Chevy Equinox, coat insulation for the homeless, air filters

Green Car Congress

General Motors is turning its employees’ recycled water bottles into a noise-reducing fabric insulation that covers the Chevrolet Equinox engine. Given its drive to zero waste, all of GM’s global facilities recycle their water bottles. Engaging a network of companies to process the material in North America strengthens the economy. GM also is working with various organizations such as Schupan Recycling in Flint to collect additional water bottles to plug into the project.

2016 174

Obama and Trudeau put majority of US and Canadian Arctic water off-limits to offshore oil and gas leasing

Green Car Congress

US President Obama and Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau jointly announced sweeping restrictions to offshore oil and gas leasing in the US and Canadian Arctic waters. Obama designated the vast majority of US waters in the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas as indefinitely off limits to offshore oil and gas leasing. It’s uncharted waters.”.

2016 150

BNL Researchers develop low-cost, efficient, non-noble metal electrocatalyst to produce hydrogen from water

Green Car Congress

A team of researchers led by Dr. James Muckerman at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) have developed a new class of high-activity, low-cost, non-noble metal electrocatalyst that generates hydrogen gas from water. Splitting water (H 2 O) into oxygen (O 2 ) and hydrogen (H 2 ), requires external electricity and an efficient catalyst to break chemical bonds while shifting around protons and electrons.

2012 234

BMW shows future drive technoliges; 2 Series PHEV prototype, direct water injection in 3-cyl. engine, and fuel cell eDrive

Green Car Congress

The company also showcased the use of direct water injection to enhance the efficiency of combustion engines at higher performance levels while also significantly reducing fuel consumption and emissions in key driving cycles. Direct water injection. Bosch and water injection. Water injection made its debut in a modern-day BMW Group engine under the hood of the BMW M4 MotoGP Safety Car. Prototype direct water injection system for the 3-cylinder.

2015 191

BMW Group Protects the Deep Seas

EV Obssesion

BMW Group strives for most sustainable supply chain Exclusion of minerals from deep-sea mining from BMW Group supply chain as a precautionary measure Vision of circular economy for resource management Munich. Research Deep Seas Water

Ford unveils new Focus; 10% better fuel economy; focus on tech; gasoline and diesel

Green Car Congress

The all-new 1.5-liter EcoBlue features innovative technologies, including: Low-pressure exhaust gas recirculation combined with water-air charge cooling for more efficient combustion and reduced emissions. The water-cooled plates are then precisely cut into their final shape inside special cells each containing a laser that slices through the boron steel with a 3,000 ?C Ford has unveiled the all-new Ford Focus.

2018 174

Ford launches the 1.5L EcoBoost engine; first in Mondeo, Fusion following; computer-controlled clutch on water pump

Green Car Congress

The 1.5-liter EcoBoost is the first engine from Ford to incorporate a computer-controlled clutch on the belt-drive water pump, which further improves efficiencies by reducing warm-up time. A water-cooled charge air cooler is added to offer a more efficient feed of air into the engine. The new engine is expected to provide similar horsepower and torque performance to Ford’s current 1.6-liter EcoBoost, while delivering improved fuel economy and lower CO 2 emissions. Ford’s 1.5L

2013 210

Argonne researchers developing multifunctional farm landscapes balancing economy, bioenergy and environment

Green Car Congress

We developed an approach to design such landscapes at a field scale to minimize concerns of land use change, water quality, and greenhouse gas emissions associated with production of food and bioenergy. If not retained by soil or taken up by plants, nitrogen escapes into air or water. Nitrate leaking into water spurs oxygen depletion that harms aquatic ecosystems and can lead to toxic algal blooms, as seen in Lake Erie.

2015 210

Ricardo-led technology demonstrator delivers 72% improved fuel economy over regular Humvee

Green Car Congress

Ricardo released an analysis of two years of on-the-ground testing of the Ricardo-engineered Fuel-Efficient Ground Vehicle Demonstrator (FED) showing that, when compared to the US military’s regularly outfitted M1151 HMMWV (“Humvee”), the FED experienced a 72% improvement in fuel economy. We implemented a relatively conservative approach using near or in-market technology to reach our fuel economy objectives, and we have proven they are achievable. Ricardo-TARDEC FED.

2013 229

International Truck ships first on-highway vehicles with A26 engine; up to 9% fuel economy improvement

Green Car Congress

The company’s internal testing shows these products are delivering up to nine percent in fuel economy improvement over the comparable models built only a year ago. Coupled with new cylinder head coolant passages that are 50% less restrictive to reduce parasitic loss to the water pump, the A26 reduces both fuel consumption and emissions.

2017 150

Toyota implements Atkinson cycle in non-hybrid ESTEC engine; up to 38% thermal efficiency and improved fuel economy

Green Car Congress

The result of their work, presented in papers this spring at the SAE 2014 World Congress, the Vienna Motor Symposium, and the JSAE Annual Congress, is the new 1.3-liter ESTEC (Economy with Superior Thermal Efficient Combustion) in-line 4-cylinder Gasoline Engine (1NR-FKE). Improving the vehicle fuel economy is a must due to the climate change and energy issues. 1 and water-cooled EGR. The new water jacket spacer with Expad controls temperature on the cylinder surface.

2014 231

New Porsche 911 Turbo improves fuel economy by 16%

Green Car Congress

The system is equipped with a new water cooling function, so that it can direct even more drive torque to the front wheels if necessary.

2013 196

Sandia, TUD optical diagnostic helps reduce emissions while improving fuel economy

Green Car Congress

Engine developers can use this information to validate computer models and design advanced engine combustion strategies that will improve fuel economy for consumers while also lowering tailpipe pollutant emissions. The sunlight changes direction as it passes from cooler air through hotter air, and these steered light rays give the impression that there is water in the road—a mirage.

2017 150

International Truck invites Class 8 competitors to open event for head-to-head testing on fuel economy, aerodynamics and drivability

Green Car Congress

International Truck (Navistar’s flagship vehicle brand) has invited each of its Class 8 competitors to participate in an open performance testing to compare fuel economy and drivability of their new trucks during the week of 31 August at the Navistar Proving Grounds in New Carlisle, Indiana. Competitors will have the opportunity to bring their two best performing vehicles with regards to fuel economy and drivability.

2015 203

Viable exhaust-driven on-board ethanol reforming for improvements in fuel economy and emissions

Green Car Congress

Blending 25-50% of this low-temperature ethanol reformate with ethanol or E85 fuels enables dilute engine operation, resulting in substantial improvements in fuel economy and emissions. Unlike high-temperature reforming, supplementary water is not required. Unlike reformers for fuel cell vehicles, low-temperature ethanol reformers need only provide a fraction of the fuel over the low and midload portions of the drivecycle to achieve significant fuel economy and emission benefits.

2013 199

New BMW 3 Series Gran Turismo improves fuel economy by up to 14%

Green Car Congress

The crankcase is remarkably rigid due to its closed-deck design, which means that the cylinder water jacket is closed at the top. BMW will launch the latest BMW 3 Series Gran Turismo in time for the start of summer. Combining the style of a coupé, the passenger spaciousness of a luxury sedan and the trunk capacity of a station wagon, the 3 Series Gran Turismo has developed into a firm fixture of the mid-size class over the last three years.

2016 183

2014 Mercedes-Benz E 250 BlueTec Diesel: Fuel-Economy Review

Green Car Reports

In recent years—especially in the time since EPA fuel economy ratings have become more realistic—40 miles per gallon on the highway has become like a sort of high-water mark for non-hybrid cars. Even in 2014, there remain relatively few subcompact or compact sedans that top the 40-mpg mark in ratings, let alone real-world use. So it''s

2014 83

WTW analysis with four economies of sustainable automotive transportation finds CNG vehicles scoring highest

Green Car Congress

Brown at Iowa State University propose the evaluation of four economies in well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis of automotive transportation—primary energy consumption, GHG emissions, water usage, and cost of vehicle operation—in a paper published in the journal Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. Other important metrics are water usage and cost of vehicle operation. 2011), Four economies of sustainable automotive transportation. Joshua Gifford and Robert C.

2011 191

Major refresh on 2015 Honda CR-V with new Earth Dreams powertrain provides fuel economy gain of up to 12%

Green Car Congress

The 2015 CR-V features increased EPA fuel economy ratings of 27/34/29 mpg (8.7/6.9/8.1 The utilization of a resin cylinder head cover, a press-fit water pump pulley, the secondary balancer being integrated with the oil pump, a compact high-output ACG (alternating current generator) and wire harness routing efficiencies and length reduction also reduced the overall weight of the new engine. 2015 Honda CR-V. Click to enlarge.

2014 255

Opel launching new all-aluminum 1.0L 3-cylinder turbo for Adam; fuel economy and refinement

Green Car Congress

The exhaust manifold is integrated inside the aluminum cylinder head, which is bolted directly to the low-inertia, water-cooled turbocharger. The exhaust manifold is integrated inside the aluminum cylinder head, which is bolted directly to the low-inertia, water-cooled turbocharger. A twin displacement oil pump and a switchable water pump, which is disengaged when the engine coolant is cold in order to accelerate warm-up, also contribute to low fuel consumption. The new 1.0L

2013 204

CPT, TU Wien study finds 48V mild diesel hybrid cuts engine-out NOx 9%, 4.5% fuel economy improvement

Green Car Congress

A joint study by Controlled Power Technologies (CPT) and Austria’s Technische Universität Wien (TU Wien) into 48V diesel mild hybrid technology verified a 9% reduction of NO x in raw engine-out emissions, while retaining the fuel economy and CO 2 benefits of diesel engine technology. The decrease in NOx emissions, moreover, was achieved with a near 5 per cent fuel economy improvement and corresponding CO2 reduction, delivered simultaneously by the SpeedStart starter-generator.

2017 150

USC researchers outline their proposed anthropogenic chemical carbon cycle; the Methanol Economy

Green Car Congress

This broad concept the basis of what they call the Methanol Economy. The Haber-Bosch process provides ammonia by chemical synthesis using atmospheric nitrogen and hydrogen generated from any source, presently mostly natural gas but eventually by water electrolysis or splitting. using hydrogen generated eventually from water with any source of energy offers a sustainable long-term solution to our energy challenge. Anthropogenic chemical carbon cycle. Click to enlarge.

2011 236

Feature: Tire Care for Safety, Fuel Efficiency & Lower Insurance

Clean Fleet Report

The more resistance you have, the lower your fuel economy will be. The sweet spot for fuel economy and tire pressure will be what the manufacturer recommends for your car’s tires. Optimizing Four Key Elements for Your Car. Tires make the direct connection between your car and the road.

MPG 73

Renault introducing three Energy engines in the Mégane Collection 2012; fuel economy up to 67 mpg US

Green Car Congress

The engine also uses a transverse water flow cooling technique, which is common practice in Formula 1, combined with a double water jacket design for the cylinder head. Transverse water flow, which is used in F1 to maximize cooling efficiency and minimize downforce losses, enables a smaller and therefore less energy-consuming water pump to be fitted. Water is taken downstream of the water pump and does not flow round the combustion chambers.

2012 231