Japan Ministries propose light commercial vehicle fuel economy standards for 2022

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In a policy update, the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) reports that Japan’s Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) and Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry (METI) have finalized new proposed fuel economy standards for light- and medium-duty commercial vehicles with gross vehicle weights less than 3.5 This represents a 26% increase in fuel economy from 2012 values, and a 23% increase from the 2015 standard of 14.5

2015 195

NHTSA to propose new fuel economy standards soon; 8% increase per year for MY 2024-2026

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The US Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) announced that it will soon propose robust new fuel economy standards. More robust fuel economy standards will encourage the industry to continue improving the fuel economy of cars powered by internal combustion engines as the transportation sector transitions to electrification, NHTSA said.

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ORNL researchers use stop-light cameras to reduce fuel consumption of less-efficient vehicles via traffic management

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Approximately 6 billion gallons of fuel are wasted in the US each year as vehicles wait at stop lights or sit in dense traffic with engines idling, according to US Department of Energy estimates.

2020 304

ORNL study finds multi-mode RCCI can offer 15%+ fuel economy improvements across multiple light-duty driving cycles

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Drive cycle fuel economy for PFI, CDC, and multi-mode RCCI operation. Their paper is published in the International Journal of Engine Research. Among their findings were that multi-mode RCCI has the potential to offer greater than 15% fuel economy improvement over a 2009 gasoline PFI baseline over many light-duty driving cycles, despite the lack of complete drive cycle coverage for RCCI mode. Credit: Curran et al. Click to enlarge.

2015 195

SAE International promoting recommended practice for measuring aerodynamic performance for light duty vehicles

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SAE International is promoting “J2881: Measurement of Aerodynamic Performance for Mass-Produced Cars and Light-Duty Trucks”, a recommend practice detailing procedures to measure the aerodynamic performance of passenger vehicles, such as mass-produced cars and light-duty trucks intended primarily for individual consumers.

2011 174

Cummins ATLAS light-duty diesel surpasses fuel economy targets, with criteria emissions lower than Tier 2/Bin 2

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The Advanced Technology Light Automotive Systems (ATLAS) program ( earlier post ) was initiated to develop a commercially viable diesel engine for the half-ton pickup truck market that is capable of meeting future Tier 2 Bin 2 emissions regulations and Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) and stringent greenhouse gas (GHG) requirements out to the year 2025. —Michael Ruth, Director/Technical Project Leader, Advanced Light-Duty. Test cycle fuel economy (mpg).

2015 183

StreetScooter to form JV with Chery for electric light utility vehicles

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StreetScooter GmbH, a subsidiary of Deutsche Post and market leader for electric light commercial vehicles (eLCV), has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Chinese automobile manufacturer Chery Holding Group (Chery) establishing a joint venture between the two companies. Chery is expanding its scope of mobility within the high promising segment of light cargo electric vehicles and micro e-mobility solution.

2019 207

Gen 5 2019 Toyota RAV4 debuts at New York International Auto Show; 2.5L inline-4 and Toyota Hybrid System

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Toyota introduced the fifth-generation RAV4 at the New York International Auto Show. When AWD isn’t required (on long stretches of highway, for example), RAV4 can achieve better fuel economy thanks to the Rear Driveline Disconnect system. Inspired by Toyota’s off-road vehicle heritage, RAV4 Adventure grade has a more rugged exterior, thanks in part to its more aggressive grille, fog light surrounds, and unique wheel design.

2018 188

ICCT calculates consumer benefits of increased efficiency in 2025-2030 light-duty vehicles in the US

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A new report from the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) estimates Consumer benefits of increased efficiency in 2025-2030 light-duty vehicles in the US. The ICCT analysts applied the technology cost results from the March 2017 ICCT report Efficiency technology and cost assessment for US 2025–2030 light-duty vehicles to a consumer-impact analysis. The analysis found that consumer benefits are available across vehicle types, from cars to light trucks.

2017 163

GFEI report concludes 50% improvement in average fuel economy of entire global light duty fleet by 2050 is achievable; importance of the regulatory and fiscal environments

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US NRC panel’s summary estimates of the potential reduction in petroleum consumption by 2035 for vehicle powertrain types assuming that the entire potential of these technologies is used to improve fuel economy rather than performance. However, the report also notes that in order to improve fuel economy, the technical potential must be utilized entirely for that purpose, and not to support increases in performance.

2011 183

Studies highlight effects of different gasoline components on fuel economy, combustion and emissions

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Researchers at Jilin University (China) have investigated the effect of gasoline components on fuel economy, combustion and emissions in a GDI (gasoline-direct-injection) engine. So far, there are few complete comparative studies about the effect of different components of gasoline on fuel economy. And a limited understanding of the effects of gasoline properties on fuel economy and modern vehicle emissions impedes the establishment of stricter fuel standards in China.

2018 174

Achates Power building 2.7L opposed-piston light-duty engine; exceeding CAFE 2025, Tier 3 targets at lower cost

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six-piston) light-duty version of its opposed piston engine (OPE) in both diesel- and gasoline-fueled versions. Achates will demonstrate the engine in 2018 in a driveable light-duty truck. The 2.7-liter compression-ignition OPE will will be 30-50% more fuel efficient than comparable diesel and gasoline direct injection engines, reduce emissions and cost less than alternative technologies under development for meeting 2025 CAFE fuel economy and Tier 3 emission targets.

2017 217

Volkswagen Group of America joins LIFT for automotive light-weighting research; first automotive OEM member

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Among the areas the group is interested in working on are researching how internal components can be made lighter while improving performance and power for the vehicle while reducing manufacturing costs. Light-weighting is critical for the future of our vehicles, not only to improve on fuel economy, but also to help improve vehicle performance. Volkswagen Group of America, Inc.

2018 150

Green light for alliance between Volkswagen Truck & Bus and Navistar; Volkswagen acquires 16.6% for $256M

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The strategic alliance between Volkswagen Truck & Bus GmbH—which houses the MAN, Scania, Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus, and RIO brands—and US commercial vehicle manufacturer Navistar International Corporation ( earlier post ) has been approved by the authorities responsible. Following an internal Navistar resolution, Volkswagen Truck & Bus CEO Andreas Renschler and CFO Matthias Gründler yesterday joined the Navistar Board of Directors.

2017 150

ICCT working paper highlights benefits of current and emerging light-duty diesel technology; “promising pathway for compliance”

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The International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), one of the organizations at the root of uncovering the Volkswagen diesel emission scandal ( earlier post ), has published a new analysis of developments and trends in advanced diesel engine technology. The ICCT team—John German and Aaron Isenstadt—concluded that diesels have and will retain two significant advantages over gasoline engines: significantly better fuel economy and cargo hauling and towing ability.

2017 174

EC proposes 30% CO2 reduction from 2021 to 2030 for light-duty vehicles

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The proposal also includes the already established EU fleet wide targets for 2020/2021 of 95 g CO 2 /km for passenger cars and 147 g CO 2 /km for light commercial vehicles, both of which are based on the NEDC (New European Driving Cycle) test procedure. Starting from 2021, the emission targets will be based on the new emissions test procedure, the Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP), which was introduced on 1 September 2017.

2017 150

EPA re-opens Mid-Term Evaluation Process for light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas standards 2022-2025

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EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt and Department of Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao announced that EPA intends to reconsider its final determination issued on 12 January 2017 which recommended no change to the greenhouse gas standards for light duty vehicles for model years 2022- 2025. In coordination with EPA, the DOT’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is evaluating its fuel economy standards for that period.

2017 150

Johnson Controls to unveil micro hybrid lead-acid/Li-ion battery demonstration module at North American International Auto Show

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will introduce a 48V Micro Hybrid battery demonstration module as part of its full spectrum of advanced energy storage solutions for automobiles at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit. The 12 volt battery would continue to provide power to the vehicle starter, interior and exterior lights, and entertainment systems such as radios and DVD players. Johnson Controls, Inc.

Ford researchers: global light-duty CO2 regulatory targets broadly consistent with 450 ppm stabilization

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An analysis by researchers at Ford Motor Company Research and Advanced Engineering in Dearborn and Ford Forschungszentrum in Germany concludes that existing global light-duty vehicle CO 2 regulations through 2025 are broadly consistent with the light-duty vehicle (LDV) sector contributing to stabilizing CO 2 at an atmospheric concentration of approximately 450 ppm—a target often proposed in the literature as preventing dangerous climate change.

2014 224

Chrysler Group files S-1 for IPO; snapshot of R&D priorities; exploring a light-duty hydraulic hybrid

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As one example cited, the company has increased its use of high-strength steel and other lightweight materials to reduce vehicle weight, and thus improve fuel economy, while still meeting standards for vehicle safety. Chrysler is already relying heavily on its award-winning Pentastar V-6 gasoline engine, which features a light-weight aluminum block with variable valve timing that improves fuel efficiency over its pre-2010 predecessor engines.

2013 228

Auto Alliance urges EPA to withdraw premature Final Determination on light-duty GHG regulations, resume Midterm Evaluation process with NHTSA

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The Auto Alliance has sent a letter to EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt requesting that the US Environmental Protection Agency withdraw the Final Determination on the Appropriateness of the Model Year 2022-2025 Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards under the Midterm Evaluation which EPA announced on 13 January 2017. In 2012, EPA and NHTSA set joint greenhouse gas and fuel economy standards over a decade in advance for MY 2022-2025.

2017 174

Ninth annual Green Innovation Index finds California light-duty vehicle emissions spike; major challenge to 2030 climate goals

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However, although the state has made considerable progress decoupling economic growth from greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the rate of emissions decline appears to be slowing, due in part to a spike in transportation emissions attributed to an increase from light-duty vehicles. With uncertainty at the federal level, California must maintain its success and leadership in equitably growing the clean energy economy. of emissions and overshadowing all other areas of the economy.

2017 150

EIA: fuel economy standards drive down projected gasoline use; diesel use, product exports rise

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In the US Energy Information Administration’s Annual Energy Outlook 2014 (AEO2014) Reference case, more-stringent vehicle fuel economy standards contribute to a decline in motor gasoline consumption through 2040. At the same time, growth in heavy-duty vehicle miles traveled (VMT) is greater than increasing heavy-duty vehicle fuel economy, contributing to rising diesel fuel demand. Click to enlarge.

2014 204

EPA official: the future of the internal combustion engine is bright and clear

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“ The future of the IC engine is bright and clear; I don’t think that could be any more obvious to all of us ,” said Byron Bunker, Director, Heavy Duty Engine Center, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, US Environmental Protection Agency during his remarks in a panel discussion on the role for internal combustion engines in the energy future at the US Department of Energy’s 2011 Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research Conference (DEER) in Detroit.

2011 226

US DRIVE releases comprehensive cradle-to-grave analysis of light-duty vehicle GHGs, cost of driving and cost of avoided GHGs

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The US DRIVE Cradle-to-Grave Working Group has published the “Cradle-to-Grave Lifecycle Analysis of US Light-Duty Vehicle-Fuel Pathways: A Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Economic Assessment of Current (2015) and Future (2025–2030) Technologies” Argonne National Lab Report. The modeling of various vehicle technologies, current and future, included powertrain configuration, component sizing, cost, and fuel economy and was performed with the Autonomie model.

2016 230

Cummins progressing with lightweight downsized T2B2 diesel for pickup; 40% improvement in fuel economy over gasoline V8

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Cummins reports that it, along with partners Johnson Matthey and Nissan, is on plan in a 4-year, $30-million ($15 million from the US Department of Energy) research project to deliver a light-duty diesel engine with fuel economy 40% improved over that of baseline gasoline V8 engine for a half-ton pickup truck while also meeting the requirements of US Tier2 Bin2 tailpipe emissions. However, he added, the internal goal is “ significantly higher, ” and is targeting the GHG limit.

2014 288

Federal Mogul develops advanced aluminum piston for high-performance light-duty diesel engines

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internal friction. downsized diesel engines with improved fuel economy and CO 2 emissions. Premium vehicle manufacturers are introducing higher power diesel engines that improve dynamic performance, CO 2 emissions and fuel economy, but power outputs of more than 90kW/liter have long challenged piston designs, Federal Mogul notes. pistons can retain their leading position in diesel engines for light vehicles for some time to.

2012 230

ICCT update finds real-world vehicle fuel economy gap continues to widen in Europe to 40%

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The gap between official fuel-economy figures and the real world for new cars in the EU has reached 40 per cent, according to the latest update by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) to its on-going research into in-use vehicle fuel efficiency and CO 2 emissions.

2015 232

Light duty RCCI can deliver engine-out Tier 2 Bin 5 NOx; potential for 52% gross indicated efficiency

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Rolf Reitz of the University of Wisconsin found that reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) ( earlier post ) in a light-duty engine can meet Tier 2 Bin 5 NO x levels without aftertreatment, while offering a 4% improvement in fuel consumption and 7.3% Their paper is published in the International Journal of Engine Research. The modeling shows that over 52% gross indicated efficiency can be achieved in the light-duty engine while meeting NO x targets in-cylinder.

2013 188

Altair ProductDesign to support development of the New Edison2 Very Light Car

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Altair ProductDesign is partnering with Edison2 to assist in the design of the new Very Light Car 4.0 (VLC VLC 4.0), the next generation version of the innovative, light-weight, fuel-efficient vehicle entered in the Progressive Automotive XPRIZE in 2010. The original Edison2 vehicle, operating with a one-cylinder internal combustion engine, won the $5 million prize for the Mainstream Class.

2012 207

Toyota announces expected fuel economy and pricing for RAV4 Hybrid: 33 mpg combined, entry at $28,370

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Toyota anticipates that the 2016 RAV4 Hybrid—unveiled earlier this year at the New York International Auto Show ( earlier post ) and the eighth hybrid in Toyota’s line-up—will receive EPA ratings of 34 mpg city / 31 mpg highway / 33 mpg combined (6.9, The RAV4 Hybrid offers a choice of several driving modes: ECO mode optimizes throttle response and air conditioning output to help prioritize fuel economy.

2015 209

EPA annual trends report finds new vehicle fuel economy at record 24.1 mpg; new powertrain technologies rapidly gaining share

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EPA released the latest edition of its annual report on trends in CO 2 emissions, fuel economy and powertrain technology for new personal vehicles in the US. Fuel economy has now increased in eight of the last nine years; average carbon dioxide emissions are also at a record low of 369 g/mile in model year 2013. Adjusted fuel economy distribution by model year. Fuel economy. MY 2013 adjusted fuel economy is 24.1 Light truck market share.

2014 203

Navistar reaches development agreement with EcoMotors International on Opposed-Piston, Opposed-Cylinder Engine 22

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Navistar International Corporation has reached a development agreement with EcoMotors International in support of the company’s opoc (Opposed-Piston, Opposed-Cylinder) engine architecture. This not only improves fuel economy by reducing parasitic losses, but also improves the efficiency of the primary module. Cutaway diagram of the opoc engine. Click to enlarge.

2011 195

ICCT: gap between official and real-world fuel economy figures in Europe reaches ~38%; call to implement WLTP ASAP

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The gap between official and real-world fuel-economy figures in Europe has risen to about 38%, according to a new report published by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT). A new and more appropriate test procedure, the Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP), has been developed through the United Nations and is ready for implementation in the EU as early as 2017.

2014 268

KAIST team explores mode transition between low-temperature and conventional combustion in a light-duty diesel

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A team at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) reports on the effect of operating parameters such as rate of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) change, residual gas, EGR path length, fuel injection pressure and engine speed on the mode transition between low-temperature combustion (LTC) and conventional combustion in a light-duty diesel engine. International Journal of Engine Research doi: 10.1177/1468087412454249.

2012 200

Baker Institute expert urges focus on larger light-duty trucks and SUVs to reduce gasoline use, emissions

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The brief explores Environmental Protection Agency ratings versus real-world fuel economy and how more efficient pickup and SUV engines are affecting gasoline demand and growth. From a policy perspective, the data shown here suggest that dollars invested in research to improve internal combustion engines and promote gasoline-based hybrid vehicles are likely to yield larger—and faster—returns than investments in pure electric vehicles.

2017 150

New BMW Brilliance engine plant with light metal foundry in China; high-voltage battery production to come

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BMW Brilliance Automotive (BBA) opened a new engine plant with a light metal foundry in Shenyang today. Both the engine plant and the light metal foundry incorporate the latest state-of-the-art production standards. The standardized production system for modular engines forms synergies with the international BMW Group engine production locations in Munich (Germany), Steyr (Austria) and Hams Hall (UK). Light metal foundry.

2016 163

GFEI: vehicle fuel economy is below global targets, jeopardizing action on climate and energy; failure of policy

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Worldwide, the vehicle fleet is not making enough progress on fuel economy and is failing to reach global targets aimed at reducing CO 2 emissions, cutting oil consumption and improving energy efficiency according to a new report from the Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI) ( earlier post ) released at the Paris COP21 Climate Summit. The new report shows that while fuel economy is improving in OECD countries, progress is still below the rate needed to hit global targets by 2030.

2015 150

Global Fuel Economy Initiative launches second 3-year campaign; ICCT joins partnership

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The Global Fuel Economy Initiative ( GFEI ) ( earlier post ) launched its second three-year effort to improve vehicle fuel economy around the world at the International Transport Forum in Leipzig. It also announced that a new partner—the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT)—has joined the effort. The latest GFEI research suggests that fuel economy in new light duty vehicles around the world improved between 2005 and 2008 from around 8.1

2012 204

Ford to offer cylinder deactivation for 1.0L EcoBoost in 2018; 6% fuel economy boost; global first for a 3-cylinder

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Cylinder deactivation will deliver reduced running costs for 1.0-liter EcoBoost customers by automatically stopping fuel delivery and valve operation for one of the engine’s cylinders in conditions where full capacity is not needed, such as when coasting or cruising with light demand on the engine. liter EcoBoost was earlier this year voted best in class at the International Engine of the Year Awards for the fifth year in a row. Ford will offer the multi-award-winning 1.0‑liter

2016 207

EPA and NHTSA Issue Notice of Intent to Develop New Greenhouse Gas and Fuel Economy Standards for Light-Duty Vehicle Model Years 2017-2025; Proposal Expected by 30 Sep 2011

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The US Department of Transportation’s (DOT) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a Notice of Intent (NOI) to begin developing new standards for greenhouse gases and fuel economy for light-duty vehicles for the 2017-2025 model years. Real-world CO 2 is typically 25% higher and real-world fuel economy is typically 20% lower than figures determined under test, the agencies noted.

2010 183

GM introducing 2012 LaCrosse with new eAssist light electrification system as standard

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GM is unveiling the 2012 Buick LaCrosse with eAssist—incorporating its second-generation belt-alternator-starter (BAS) hybrid technology—which increases fuel economy by 25% compared to the four-cylinder/six-speed powertrain in the 2011 LaCrosse. The eAssist “light electrification” system supports highway fuel economy of 37 mpg US (6.36 It’s really an extension of the conventional internal combustion engine, not a replacement for it.”

2010 207

Oshkosh runs diesel series-hybrid light concept vehicles in 43rd Annual Tecate SCORE Baja 1000

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The Oshkosh Extreme Racing team Light Concept Vehicle (LCV) M2. Oshkosh Corporation ran two Light Concept Vehicles (LCV) through the 43 rd Annual Tecate SCORE Baja 1000 off-road race course in Mexico, 18-20 November; one crossed the finish line of the 1,061-mile desert course. The system can improve fuel economy by up to 40% over conventional powertrains in harsh terrain, according to Oshkosh. Click to enlarge.

2010 214