Study: air pollution caused 1.1M deaths across Africa in 2019, toll from outdoor pollution rising

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Air pollution was responsible for 1.1 Deaths attributable to household air pollution and ambient particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) air pollution in Ethiopia, Ghana, Rwanda, and overall in Africa, 1990–2019. Economic output lost to air-pollution-related disease was $3.0

Africa 329

AQLI: new data reveals little progress globally in reducing air pollution over the last two decades

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Particulate air pollution continues to cut global life expectancy by nearly two years as progress in some countries counterbalances worsening air quality in others, according to the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI). China began a “war against pollution” in 2013.

2020 227
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New study puts air-pollution related deaths in India in 2019 at 1.67 million

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Air pollution in India resulted 1.67 million deaths in 2019—the largest pollution-related death toll in any country in the world—and also accounted for $36.8 billion (US) in economic losses, according to a new study led by researchers from the Global Observatory on Pollution and Health at Boston College, the Indian Council of Medical Research, and the Public Health Foundation of India. Pollution takes an enormous human toll in India.

2020 264

Baker Institute team says fossil fuel subsidies need global reform

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There is evidence that fossil fuel subsidies are socially inequitable, that they encourage smuggling and waste, and distort economies in ways that undermine economic efficiency while harming the environment and the climate,” wrote Jim Krane, the Wallace S.

2020 329

Lancet Commission report estimates pollution responsible for 9 million premature deaths globally in 2015; 16% of deaths

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Pollution is the largest environmental cause of disease and premature death in the world today, according to the newly released report detailing the adverse effects of pollution on global health by the The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health. In the most severely affected countries, pollution-related disease is responsible for more than one death in four. Pollution is costly. of global economic output.

2017 174

Study estimates ~4M children worldwide develop asthma each year because of NO2 air pollution

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About 4 million children worldwide develop asthma each year because of inhaling nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) air pollution, according to an open-access study published in The Lancet Planetary Health by researchers at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health (Milken Institute SPH). Our findings suggest that millions of new cases of pediatric asthma could be prevented in cities around the world by reducing air pollution.

2019 290

IEA finds CO2 emissions flat for third straight year even as global economy grew in 2016

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Global energy-related carbon dioxide emissions were flat for a third straight year in 2016 even as the global economy grew, according to the International Energy Agency. This was the result of growing renewable power generation, switches from coal to natural gas, improvements in energy efficiency, as well as structural changes in the global economy. Global emissions from the energy sector stood at 32.1

2017 183

Greyrock, NREL study determines reduction in GHG and criteria pollutant emissions from using synthetic fuels produced from flare gas

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A “well-to-wheel” life cycle assessment (LCA) by a team from synthetic fuels producer Greyrock ( earlier post ), and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has determined the potential reduction of greenhouse gases and criteria pollutant emissions from the use of synthetic fuels directly converted from flare gas. This blend was also found to reduce criteria air pollutant emissions by an average of 28%, 18%, 24% and 5.5% There is a global potential to produce up to 71.1

2018 222

EPA, NHTSA issue One National Program Rule; EPA withdraws CA waiver for GHG and fuel economy

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The US Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a final action entitled the “ One National Program Rule ,” which will enable the federal government to provide nationwide uniform fuel economy and greenhouse gas emission standards for automobiles and light duty trucks. The California waiver authority exists because California has uniquely difficult problems with ozone-forming pollutants.

2019 197

WUSTL study finds use of air conditioning reduces in-car pollution

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Traffic is a major source of harmful pollutants; daily peak exposures tend to occur near roadways or while traveling—or being stuck—on them. For example, a team at the University of Surrey found that particulate pollution levels inside cars are up to 40% higher when the vehicle is stuck in a traffic jam or stopped at a red traffic light compared to free-flowing traffic conditions. That gave them rare, real-world look at pollutant exposure.

2017 174

Nielsen global survey finds concerns about climate change slipping behind concerns over other environmental issues; air and water pollution top worries, pesticide use #3

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Other environmental concerns have pushed ahead of climate change on a global average basis. Concern about climate change/global warming among online consumers around the world took a back-seat to other environmental issues such as air and water pollution, water shortages, packaging waste and use of pesticides, according to Nielsen’s 2011 Global Online Environment & Sustainability Survey of more than 25,000 Internet respondents in 51 countries.

BNEF, Snam, IGU report finds global gas industry set to resume growth post-pandemic; low-carbon technologies for long-term growth

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After growing by more than 2% in 2019, global gas use is set to fall by around 4% in 2020, as the COVID-19 pandemic reduces energy consumption across the global economies. —Ashish Sethia, global head of commodities at BNEF.

2020 227

Deutsche Bank CCA report highlights Chinese global leadership toward a low-carbon economy; 12th Five-Year Plan

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The many new and expanded strong policy initiatives and green targets in China’s 12 th Five year Plan, released on 5 March 2011, provide “ clear evidence ” that China’s low-carbon policies remain global best-in-class, according to a new report from DB Climate Change Advisors (DBCCA). It is also stated that pilot cap-and-trade systems for carbon and other criteria pollutants will be undertaken.

2011 197

CMU study finds that coal retirement is needed for EVs to reduce air pollution

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Life cycle emissions by pollutant and life cycle stage for each vehicle type in the recent (a) and future (b) PJM grid. They then modeled the emissions from those power plants, the effects of emissions on air pollution in downwind counties, and the resulting implications for human health and the environment.

2016 190

Study finds household and outdoor air pollution contributes to more than 5.5 million premature deaths worldwide per year

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New research shows that household (indoor) and outdoor air pollution contribute to more than 5.5 More than half of deaths occur in two of the world’s fastest growing economies, China and India. In the context of the Global Burden of Disease 2013 study ( earlier post ), researchers from Canada, the United States, China and India quantified air pollution levels and attributable health impacts for 188 countries for the period 1990-2013.

2016 150

IEA: record oil output from US, Brazil, Canada and Norway to keep global markets well supplied

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Oil production growth from the United States, Brazil, Canada and Norway can keep the world well supplied, more than meeting global oil demand growth through 2020, but more investment will be needed to boost output after that, according to the International Energy Agency’s latest annual report on oil markets. The United States is set to put its stamp on global oil markets for the next five years. New global petrochemicals capacity will account for 25% of oil-demand growth by 2023.

2018 195

OECD: rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society; more should be done to reduce transport emissions

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Deaths from outdoor air pollution by region in 2005 and 2010. Outdoor air pollution kills some 3.5 This pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated US$3.5 The effects of air pollution on people’s health are much higher than previously thought. In turn, we estimate that the costs of air pollution are higher—and they continue to rise.

2014 195

Global Mobility Report finds world not on track to achieving sustainable mobility

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The transport sector is not on track towards achieving sustainable mobility, according to the newly published Global Mobility Report 2017 (GMR). The GMR is the first study to assess the global performance of the transport sector and the progress made toward four main objectives: universal access, efficiency, safety, and green mobility. The GMR report focuses on two primary impacts: climate change and air and noise pollution.

2017 150

Satellite study identifies nearly 40 major previously unidentified sources of SO2; 6-12% of global anthropogenic inventory

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Using a new satellite-based, global emission inventory for SO 2 that is derived through a simultaneous detection, mapping and emission-quantifying procedure—and thereby independent of conventional information sources—researchers in Canada and the US have identified 40 large SO 2 sources not currently captured in conventional inventories. Together, the newly identified sources add up to 7 to 14 Tg of SO 2  yr −1 , or roughly 6–12% of the global anthropogenic source.

2016 150

Honeywell Transportation Systems Forecast: turbocharged vehicles to account for 48% of annual global sales by 2021; electric boosting emerges

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Honeywell’s Transportation Systems Forecast projects that turbocharged vehicles will acount for 48% of annual global sales by 2021, up 9 percentage points from 2016. This annual sales estimate, combining both passenger and commercial vehicles, would add more than 232 million turbocharged vehicles globally between 2017 and 2021—an increase of 35% from today. E-boosting products can significantly improve engine responsiveness and also provide better fuel economy.

2016 218

Navigant forecasts modest global annual sales growth of e-bicycles, reaching 40.3M units in 2023

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In a new report , Navigant Research forecasts that global annual sales of e-bicycles will grow modestly from 31.7 million e-bicycle sales this year under the base scenario, representing 91% of the total global market. This growth in demand is expected to result in revenue for global e-bicycle sales of $13.5 Rebounding economy in North America and, to a lesser degree, Europe.

2014 237

Study: natural gas heavy-duty trucking fleet could benefit economy, but has mixed environmental effects

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On the environmental side, the team considered what such a change in fuel type would mean both for air quality in terms of criteria pollutants and for cumulative greenhouse gas emissions. NGV engines without aftertreatment have less ability to control formaldehydes and NO x pollution but with appropriate technology they could produce similar or lower levels than diesel.

2015 236

US EPA and DOT propose freezing light-duty fuel economy, GHG standards at 2020 level for MY 2021-2026 vehicles; 43.7 mpg for cars; 50-state solution

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and US Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) released their long-expected notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to adjust the Congressionally-mandated Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) and Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards. Technology that can improve both fuel economy and/or performance may not be dedicated solely to fuel economy.

2018 174

Heidi On The Hot Seat

Creative Greenius

All Global Warming Is Local. The South Bay is defined by the LAX Airport to the north and the Port of Los Angeles to the south - two of the biggest polluters in Southern California. And for all those cities, with all those sources of pollution pumping CO2 and other greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere and into the lungs of the South Bay’s one million residents, we’ve got just one woman on the payroll as the Climate Action Plan Coordinator.

2009 183

Study finds fleet switch from PFI to GDI engines will result in net reduction in global warming

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Thus, the researchers concluded, switching from PFI to GDI vehicles will likely lead to a reduction in net global warming. Gasoline direct-injection (GDI) engines have higher fuel economy compared to the more widely used port fuel injection (PFI) engines. Recent studies have compared emissions of PFI and GDI vehicles, including particle number and mass, gaseous pollutants, and nonmethane organic gas (NMOG) composition for a limited number of compounds.

2017 188

ICCT reviews real-world tractor-trailer fuel economy in US, China and Europe

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The greatest impact in reducing petroleum consumption and pollutant emissions is had by investing in efficiency technologies that benefit all powertrains, especially the conventional diesels that comprise the majority of the stock, instead of incentivizing specific alternatives.

2015 228

U of Birmingham scientists launch project to tackle global clean cold challenge

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Scientists from the University of Birmingham launched a major research project to investigate how “clean cold” could help to achieve almost all of the United Nations’ (UN) global Sustainable Development Goals. The 17 Global Goals include abolishing poverty and hunger; providing good healthcare and education; raising peoples’ quality of life; and cleaning up the environment, while promoting economic growth. Clean cold is, therefore, central to achieving the Global Goals.

2017 163

BREAKING NEWS: Exxon/Mobil Ordered Out of Torrance, Guilty of Greenhouse Gas Pollution

Creative Greenius

Consider this fair and legal warning, world’s largest and most polluting oil company - I’m giving you 10 years to pack up and hit the road. I’m thinking he likes our carbon-based economy just the way it is. Scientists’ Report Documents ExxonMobil’s Tobacco-like Disinformation Campaign on Global Warming Science. And it’s what Exxon/Mobil used - along with tankers full of money - to create the Global Warming Deniers movement.

2009 245

Obama Administration announces first fuel economy and GHG standards for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles

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The US Department of Transportation (DOT) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed the standards—fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions, respectively—in coordination with truck and engine manufacturers, fleet owners, the State of California, environmental groups and other stakeholders. N 2 O and CH 4 are important GHGs that contribute to global warming, more so than CO 2.

2011 279

Global auto production may hit 80+ million units this year; hybrids below 2% of total output

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Global sales of passenger vehicles increased from 75.4 The major driver of increased production and sales are the emerging economies, especially China. The auto industry’s production capacities are far from fully used; PricewaterhouseCoopers (PWC) estimates current global vehicle assembly capacity at almost 95 million, the report notes. Rising sales translate into an ever-expanding global vehicle parc. South Korea has improved its fuel economy by one third since 2003.

2012 232

CPT, TU Wien study finds 48V mild diesel hybrid cuts engine-out NOx 9%, 4.5% fuel economy improvement

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A joint study by Controlled Power Technologies (CPT) and Austria’s Technische Universität Wien (TU Wien) into 48V diesel mild hybrid technology verified a 9% reduction of NO x in raw engine-out emissions, while retaining the fuel economy and CO 2 benefits of diesel engine technology. The decrease in NOx emissions, moreover, was achieved with a near 5 per cent fuel economy improvement and corresponding CO2 reduction, delivered simultaneously by the SpeedStart starter-generator.

2017 150

This is How the COVID-19 Pandemic Affect The Global EV Market

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The COVID-19 control measures and the economical crisis that followed took a massive toll on the global automotive and manufacturing industries. The main reasons for global automotive sales drop are, The purchasing power of consumers decreased.

ICCT: incremental technology can cut vehicle CO2 by half and increase fuel economy >60% through 2030 with ~5% increase in price

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With the EPA re-opening its Mid-Term Review of GHG standards for 2022-2025 for light-duty vehicles ( earlier post ), and with NHTSA yet to weigh in on its Mid-Term evaluation of fuel economy standards for the same period, a team from the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) has published a report analyzing emerging vehicle efficiency technologies; their ability to achieve lower emission levels; and their costs in the 2025–2030 timeframe.

2017 190

Gallup poll finds US concerns about global warming stabilizing at lower levels; self-professed understanding of global warming increasing

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A new Gallup poll finds that Americans continue to express less concern about global warming than they have in the past, with 51% saying they worry a great deal or fair amount about the problem, although attitudes appear to have stabilized compared with last year. Each year, the poll asks several questions designed to measure Americans’ concern, knowledge, and opinions about global warming.

2011 163

ADB Transport Forum: shift to greener transport in Asia key to global sustainability; investment of $2.5T needed by 2020

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Asia must scale up sustainable transport development or face a bleak future of congested roads, pollution, ill health and economic damage, which could have ripple effects around the world, the third ADB (Asian Development Bank) transport forum heard earlier this month in Manila. In 1980, just one in 10 motorized vehicles in the world was in Asia, but by 2030 the region is expected to account for nearly half the global total.

2012 195

UNEP and partners launch Global Initiative for Resource-Efficient Cities; role of public transport

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The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and partners have launched a new initiative that aims to reduce pollution levels, improve resource efficiency and reduce infrastructure costs in cities across the world. Decoupling economic growth from unsustainable resource use and environmental impacts—especially in urban areas—underpins the transition to a low-carbon, resource efficient green economy.

2012 207

Oil industry funding supports campaign to roll back fuel-economy rules

Green Car Reports

A new investigative report by the New York Times has revealed the puppeteer pulling the strings in the Trump administration's efforts to undo fuel-economy and emissions improvements: no surprise, the oil industry. emissions EPA global warming Corporate Average Fuel Economy air pollution

2018 88

Obama climate plan calls for new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018; cleaner fuels and investment in advanced fossil energy

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Among the transportation-related elements of US President Barack Obama’s new climate action plan, which he is outlining today in a speech at Georgetown University, is the development of new fuel economy standards for heavy-duty vehicles post-2018. In 2011, the Obama Administration finalized the first fuel economy standards for Model Year 2014-2018 for medium- and heavy-duty trucks, buses, and vans.

2013 216

UC Davis, ITDP study suggests global shift to public transport, NMT and away from cars could save $100T through 2050 and cut GHGs

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million early deaths associated with exposure to vehicle tailpipe emissions could be avoided annually by 2050 if governments require the strongest vehicle pollution controls and ultralow-sulfur fuels, according to a related analysis by the International Council on Clean Transportation included in the report. Doubling motor vehicle fuel economy requirements could also reduce CO 2 emissions by an additional 700 megatons in 2050.

2014 232

DOT, EPA unveil joint proposal for fuel economy and greenhouse gas emission standards: 49.6 mpg CAFE, 163 g/mile GHG in 2025; flexibilities and incentives

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the US Department of Transportation (DOT) formally unveiled their joint proposal to set stronger fuel economy and greenhouse gas pollution standards for Model Year 2017-2025 passenger cars and light trucks. L/100km), if the vehicles were to meet this CO 2 level all through fuel economy. reductions in air conditioning leakage, which would not contribute to fuel economy. corresponding vehicle fuel economy target.

2011 275

China brings its fuel quality standards up to global levels, quickly

Green Car Reports

China already aims to cut its horrific urban air pollution by aggressively promoting electric cars and implementing stricter fuel-economy standards over the next few years. On Monday, the government also announced plans to attack the problem of emissions from a different angle. New fuel-quality standards for gasoline and diesel will be enacted in. Fuel Gasoline China energy policy transportation policy

2016 64

Comedy CAFE Clowns Crack Me Up

Creative Greenius

Maybe Bob the Putz should just stick to his “Global Warming is a Big Fat Hoax&# routine which made him comedy famous all around the world. All I ever heard them do was badmouth the small Honda car I drive and complain about CAFE fuel economy standards. Car Makers Serve Up Funniest Fail Ever! Click on this pic to read the story behind this photo.

2009 150

Tsinghua University provincial-level lifecycle study finds fuel-cycle criteria pollutants of EVs in China could be up to 5x those of natural gas vehicles due to China’s coal-dominant power mix

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A province-by-province life cycle analysis of natural gas and electric vehicles by a team from Tsinghua University concludes that while, from the perspective of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) and criteria pollutant emissions, natural gas vehicles (CNGVs) are “ an option with no obvious merits or demerits ”, electric vehicles (EVs) are “ an option with significant merits and demerits in this regard ” due to China’s heavily coal-based electricity generation (national average of about 77%).

2013 204