Human Cost of Climate Change

Electric Cars are for Girls

Polar bears aside, what is the human cost of climate change? Do you ever think about how climate change will affect you and me

IHS Markit: average cost of lithium-ion battery cell to fall below $100/kWh in 2023

Green Car Congress

The average cost of a Li-ion battery cell—used to power electric vehicles and to provide flexibility in the power grid as more renewables, such as solar and wind, are added will fall below $100 per kilowatt hour (kWh) in the next three years, according to a new analysis by IHS Markit. The average cost of a li-ion cell is expected to decline further through the end of the decade, to as low as $73/kWh in 2030. Cost is the name of the game.

2020 254

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NYU team develops novel ion-conducting copolymer to increase power and reduce cost of fuel cells

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Researchers at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering, led by Miguel Modestino, professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have developed a novel ion-conducting polymer (ionomer) that increases the power and lowers the cost of fuel cells.

2020 350

NREL, INL team assesses levelized cost of light-duty EV charging in US in 2019

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A team from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Idaho National Laboratory has produced a detailed assessment of the current levelized cost of light-duty electric-vehicle charging (LCOC) in the United States, considering when, where, and how EVs are charged.

2020 260

Hydrogen Council report finds cost of hydrogen solutions to fall sooner than previously expected

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The Hydrogen Council has published a new report, Path to Hydrogen Competitiveness: A Cost Perspective , demonstrating that the cost of hydrogen solutions will fall sharply within the next decade, sooner than previously expected.

2020 278

Ammonia-salt solvent pretreatment for biomass could significantly reduce cost of cellulosic biofuels

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Our pretreatment system can slash by up to 50-fold the use of enzymes to turn solvent-treated cellulose (plant fiber) into glucose (a sugar) used to make bioproducts like ethanol. The solvent can also extract more than 80% of the lignin in plant waste.

2020 288

US says it will cut the cost of solar by 60% in a decade


The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced yesterday that it intends to “cut the cost of solar energy by 60% within the next 10 years, in addition to nearly $128 million in funding to lower costs, improve performance, and speed the deployment of solar energy technologies.”

Researchers calculate social cost of German nuclear phase-out at $12B/year; 70% from increased mortality risk

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In a working paper for the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), a team from UC Berkeley, UC Santa Barbara and Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) calculate that the social cost of the phase out of nuclear electricity production in Germany is approximately $12 billion per year. The decision to phase-out nuclear production in many countries seems to suggest that the expected costs of nuclear power exceed the benefits.

2020 228

DOE: all-electric vehicles have the lowest estimated average annual fuel cost of all light-duty vehicles

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The estimated annual fuel costs for model year (MY) 2019 all-electric light-duty vehicles are the lowest of all the different vehicle technologies, ranging from a low of $500 to a high of $900 per year, according to the US Department of Energy (DOE).

2019 320

BloombergNEF forecasts green hydrogen should be cheaper than natural gas by 2050 in some markets; falling costs of solar PV key

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In a new piece of research, BloombergNEF (BNEF) finds that the levelized cost of hydrogen (LCOH 2 ) made from renewable electricity is set to fall faster than it previously estimated. BNEF now forecasts that green hydrogen from renewables should be cheaper than natural gas (on an energy-equivalent basis) by 2050 in 15 of the 28 markets modeled, assuming scale-up continues. These countries accounted for one-third of global GDP in 2019.

Market 177

Hydra Energy partners with Chemtrade to provide commercial truck fleets with green hydrogen below the cost of diesel

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Continuing to speed up the adoption of hydrogen in long-haul transportation, Hydra Energy —the first Hydrogen-as-a-Service provider for commercial fleets—announced a strategic partnership with Chemtrade. The long-term contract is a pillar of Hydra’s Hydrogen-as-a-Service (HaaS) business model and includes Hydra capturing, cleaning, and compressing hydrogen sourced from Chemtrade. of these emissions come from freight transportation.

Fleet 188

Analysis finds annual running cost of EVs less than ICE; but with purchase price factored in, it flips

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Self Financial, a fintech company, has compared the running costs of electric and non-electric vehicles in each state. Across the US the average annual cost of running an electric vehicle is $2,721.96, while gasoline vehicles cost an average of $3,355.90 per year to run—a difference of $633.94 However, these annual costs don’t take into account the purchase cost of the vehicle itself and are purely the ‘running’ costs annually.

2020 188

FCA US reaches settlements on diesel emissions at estimated cost of $800M

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The estimated total cost of settlements is $0.8 FCA will provide free software update for an estimated 100,000 vehicles; service provided through an emissions recall and does not require any hardware modification Settlements include an average of $2,800 in compensation for each eligible customer affected by the recall Civil penalties under the settlement total approximately $400 million, payable to various U.S.

2019 258

What is the cost of usable energy for driving and heating our homes?

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This analysis compares the costs of usable energy when we buy gasoline and electricity for driving and natural gas for keeping warm. The unifying approach in this comparison involves the use of Btu (British thermal units), coupled with the costs of gasoline, electricity, and natural gas, and the energy efficiencies of light-duty vehicles (cars and light trucks) and furnaces. The average retail cost of regular gasoline in 2018 was $2.719 per gallon.

2019 163

PNNL-led project to boost productivity, lower cost of algae biofuels and bioproducts offering collaboration opportunities

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The Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is leading the DISCOVR (Development of Integrated Screening, Cultivar Optimization and Verification) project to help find the best algae strains for biofuels and bioproducts to reduce the cost of producing bioenergy from algae feedstocks. A key cost driver for algae biofuels is productivity, which is directly tied to which algae strain is chosen and how it’s cultivated.

2019 188

Subaru using NI HIL technology to reduce time and cost of EV testing

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Subaru is using NI (National Instruments) hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) technology to simulate actual road conditions for electric vehicle testing, eliminating environmental factors to reduce test time and costs. This complexity makes the job challenging for automotive test engineers with short development cycles and pressure to limit costs.

2018 204

Study puts cost of decarbonizing shipping by 2050 at ~$1.4-$1.9T; largest investment needed in land-based systems

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trillion—an average of $50 billion to $70 billion annually for 20 years. The report authors note that these figures should be viewed in the context of annual global investments in energy, which in 2018 alone amounted to US$1.85 of CO 2 emissions.

2020 195

US DRIVE releases comprehensive cradle-to-grave analysis of light-duty vehicle GHGs, cost of driving and cost of avoided GHGs

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The US DRIVE Cradle-to-Grave Working Group has published the “Cradle-to-Grave Lifecycle Analysis of US Light-Duty Vehicle-Fuel Pathways: A Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Economic Assessment of Current (2015) and Future (2025–2030) Technologies” Argonne National Lab Report. The study also estimates the technology readiness levels (TRLs) of key fuel and vehicle technologies along the pathways. C2G GHG emissions of various vehicle-fuel pathways.

2016 230

UPS collaborating with Workhorse to deploy 50 electric trucks; rivaling acquisition cost of conventional; no subsidies

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UPS plans to deploy 50 plug-in electric delivery trucks that will be comparable in acquisition cost to conventional-fueled trucks without any subsidies—an industry first that would breaki a key barrier to large scale adoption of electric fleets. Each truck will have a range of approximately 100 miles between charges, ideal for delivery routes in and around cities. —Steve Burns, CEO of Workhorse Group.

2018 199

ICL team assesses relative costs of carbon mitigation for 12 H2 production paths; trade-off between cost and level of decarbonization

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A team at Imperial College London has examined the relative costs of carbon mitigation from a lifecycle perspective for 12 different hydrogen production techniques using fossil fuels, nuclear energy and renewable sources. As with all comparisons between fossil routes and renewables, cost and emissions data are frequently misused by advocates of all parties to push policy-makers and public opinion further along the polarizing debate of the role of fossil fuels in a low-carbon system.

2018 207

NREL team shows wafer cost of gallium oxide can be >3× lower compared to SiC; 2x lower cost for power electronics

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A team from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has shown by modeling that the wafer cost of an emerging Ga 2 O 3 wide bandgap semiconductor can be more than 3-times lower compared to SiC. This lower cost of the Ga 2 O 3 wafers should lead to less-expensive high-performance power electronic devices in the future. Modeled 6" wafer costs comparison for Ga 2 O 3 and SiC wafers, and the Ga 2 O 3 cost reduction potential.

2019 197

Lux Research: cost of electrofuels remains far from viable

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Production costs per barrel of oil equivalent. The cost of electrofuels—fuels produced by catalyst-based systems for light capture, water electrolysis, and catalytic conversion of carbon dioxide and hydrogen to liquid fuels—remains far away from viable, according to a new analysis by Lux Research. are various sources of hydrogen, such as steam methane reforming of natural gas and gasification of biomass into syngas that can make hydrogen cheaper.

2014 190

Study finds air pollution and GHG costs of crude-by-rail nearly 2x pipeline costs; much larger than spill and accidents costs

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Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh have found that the air pollution and greenhouse gas costs of shipping crude by rail are nearly twice as large as those for oil pipelines. Further, their estimates of air pollution and greenhouse gas costs are much larger than estimates of spill and accidents costs—more than twice as big for rail and more than eight times as big for pipelines.

2017 203

IRENA sees renewable hydrogen at least cost-possible within decade

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Hydrogen produced with renewable electricity could compete on costs with fossil fuel alternatives by 2030, according to a new report from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). The report— Green Hydrogen Cost Reduction: scaling up electrolyzers to meet the 1.5

2020 386

Lux Research: fuel cell vehicles lag other drivetrains in terms of cost of ownership; ICE and HEV lowest cost

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Based on an analysis of various cost of ownership scenarios for various drivetrains, including internal combustion engine (ICE) gasoline and diesel; hybrid (HEV); battery-electric (EV); plug-in hybrid electric (PHEV); and fuel cell vehicles, Lux Research concludes that fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) are “ solidly in a laggard position. ”. Fuel cell vehicles can match EV fuel costs at $3/kg dispensed H 2 —a price highly unlikely in near-term, Lux said.

2014 255

BMW i Ventures invests in GenXComm to increase speed and lower cost of 5G rollout; microphotonics-based full-duplex, high-speed communication

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BMW i Ventures has invested in GenXComm , a company with technology that improves the performance and capacity of communication networks, and which aims to increase significantly the speed of global 5G deployment. GenXComm is ushering in the next revolution of computing and connectivity. GenXComm’s technology will rapidly increase the speed of 5G penetration that is critical for the future of connected vehicles.

2020 163

Cost of air pollution revealed

Green Cars News

Potential harmful effects of air pollution are well known – but just what is the monetary cost of Europe’s largest polluting facilities? According to a new report from the European Environment Agency (EEA), air pollution from the 10,000 largest polluting facilities in the continent cost citizens between €102billion and €169billion in 2009 alone.

New OnStar app shows cost of Volt charging

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OnStar is testing a smartphone app that tells Chevrolet Volt owners how much it costs to charge their battery and compares their Volt’s energy use with the total energy consumed in their home by day, month or year. The new app, called EcoHub, will initially be tested with and available to residents of the Pecan Street demonstration project, a smart grid living community in Austin. Down the line, we hope this app can be a beneficial tool for all drivers of electric vehicles.

2012 212

ADB: Projected cost of Uzbek Oltin Yo’l GTL plant increases by 37% to $5.6B

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The projected cost of the Olin Yo’l GTL project in Uzbekistan ( earlier post ) will hit $5.6 As originally outlined by founding project partners Sasol, Petronas and Uzbekneftegaz, the project was estimated to cost some $4.1 The scope of the project includes a three-stage GTL process unit, utilities and offsites, and connecting pipeline and rail. The majority of production will be GTL diesel and GTL kerosene.

2014 265

Report: VW AG internal analysis puts cost of diesel emissions scandal at more than €30B

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Germany’s Manager Magazin reports that Volkswagen AG’s internal analysis puts the cost of the diesel emissions scandal at more than €30 billion (US$33 billion). As part of the new austerity program ( earlier post ), Volkswagen reportedly will freeze promotion for 2016, and try to use as many current components as possible for the next generation Golf. In addition to cost-cutting, the Group will put an increased emphasis on improving efficiency, the report said.

2015 199

How To Drive A Tesla Model S Electric Car Free For 18 Months

Green Car Reports

The low cost of electricity compared to gasoline or diesel means driving an electric car typically comes with significant savings per mile, even if not necessarily in purchase price. What could be better than dramatically reduced operating costs? Green Cost Of Ownership costs ownership costs plug-in cars

2015 131

UMTRI study finds total cost of ownership of diesels in US often much less than gasoline counterparts

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A comprehensive study of the total cost of ownership (TCO) of light- and medium-duty diesel passenger vehicles in the US has found that the total cost of ownership—depreciation, fuel costs, repairs, maintenance, insurance, and fees and taxes—is often much less for diesel vehicles as compared to gasoline versions of the same vehicles, mostly ranging from $2,000 to $7,000 over three to five years.

2015 233

Solar Toyota Prius, Tesla court case, the cost of clean energy: Today's Car News

Green Car Reports

The Connecticut Supreme Court will decide the future of Tesla stores. Cost estimates get real for renewable power plans. Toyota tests a solar-powered Prius in Japan. And General Motors cleans up not just its cars, but its factories and tires. Hybrids aren't just for cars and trains anymore. All this and more on Green Car Reports. In Japan, Toyota. Today in Car News

2019 114

Lung Association report highlights health and climate costs of petroleum-based transportation and the benefits of shifting to ZEVs

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A new report produced by the American Lung Association concludes that over-reliance on petroleum-based fuels for transportation costs the 10 ZEV states in the US (California and nine other states that have adopted the California Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) program) an estimated $37 billion in health expenses and climate costs every year—with California costs alone hitting $15 billion. For the average driver, every tank of gas burned costs $18.42

2016 214

Renewable plastic precursor could reduce cost of cellulosic ethanol by >$2/gallon

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A team of chemical and biological engineers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison has developed a new chemical pathway a way to produce from biomass a valuable compound—1,5-pentanediol, a plastic precursor primarily used to make polyurethanes and polyester plastics—that they estimate could lower the cost of cellulosic ethanol by more than two dollars per gallon. Comparison of costs and MSPs for the DHH pathway with the direct hydrogenolysis pathway.

2017 163

DISCOVR project seeking high productivity algae to reduce cost of biofuels

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Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, with colleagues from Los Alamos, Sandia and NREL, are working to lower the cost of producing biofuels from algae. Numbers in red designate the number of strains tested at each TIER. Determining strains of algae that are highly productive could help lower the cost of biofuel production.

2017 150

ORNL study quantifies fuel economy costs of common driver practices and vehicle alterations

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Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have quantified the fuel economy effects of some common driver practices and vehicle accessories or alterations—including underinflated tires, open windows, and rooftop and hitch-mounted cargo. In addition, two minivans were subjected to coastdowns to examine the similarity in derived coefficients for two duplicate vehicles of the same model. l/100 km)—a drop of 9%.

2014 259

Canada's first Nissan Leaf electric car drive remains committed after five years

Green Car Reports

Over five years after they first went on sale, Nissan electric cars have racked up an impressive amount of mileage: more than 2.5 The Nissan Leaf has proven that electric cars can handle the rigors of daily driving just as well as internal-combustion models. Canada costs plug-in cars Cost Of Ownershipbillion kilometers (1.6 billion miles).

2016 131

ITM Power reports its estimated cost of producing hydrogen via electrolysis down significantly from last year

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ITM Power has provided an update on the cost structure of hydrogen generated by its HFuel electrolysis platform. The new estimated cost —US$4.13/kg after capital amortization—incorporates efficiency improvements, cost reduction of its HGas platform and data provided by Hyundai for the ix35 fuel cell electric vehicle ( earlier post ). ITM Power projects hydrogen cost at £4.19/kg (US$6.44/kg), a 32.7% 5% of sale price.

2013 257

Lux Research: wide variance in cost of cellulosic feedstocks for bio-based fuels and chemicals

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In a new report , Lux Research analysts have examined the costs and availability of cellulosic biomass sources for use as feedstock in bio-based fuels and chemicals. billion tons of cellulosic biomass available today—led by 1.2 billion tons of municipal solid waste (MSW) costs vary widely. Corn stover costs $91/MT, palm fruit bunches and fronds vary from $75/MT to $105/MT, while wood residues at $33/MT and bagasse $38/MT.

2014 200

Study finds wide range in GHG intensities and production costs of cellulosic ethanol from corn stover, switchgrass and miscanthus

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A team led by researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has developed an integrated framework to determine and to compare greenhouse gas (GHG) intensities and production costs of cellulosic ethanol derived from corn stover, switchgrass, and miscanthus grown on high and low quality soils for three representative counties in the Eastern United States. Production cost of ethanol is annualized over the simulation period. 1 of GHG emissions.

2015 235

Cost of running an electric car

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Analysis on running an electric car today

2019 52

DOE selects 7 gasification projects for funding; focus on reducing cost of coal conversion

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The Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has selected seven projects to receive funding through NETL’s Gasification System Program. This program supports a wide range of research and development activities aimed at improving fuel and product versatility, efficiency, and economics of gasification processes. Bio-gasification of Coal to Methane. DOE: $650,000 Non DOE: $162,500 Total: $812,500 (20% cost share).

2015 188