Startup licenses ORNL technology for converting organic waste to hydrogen

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The technologies work as a system that converts organic waste into renewable hydrogen gas for use as a biofuel. The system combines biology and electrochemistry to degrade organic waste—such as plant biomass or food waste—to produce hydrogen. There are usually thousands of microbes that are required to convert a complex organic mixture from biomass into electrons.

2019 246

EU project HyFlexFuel converted sewage sludge and other biomasses into kerosene by hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL); SAF

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Meeting jet fuel specifications is an appropriate target to validate that highperformance transportation fuels can indeed be produced from a broad range of residue and waste streams via hydrothermal liquefaction.

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Greenergy opts for Haldor Topsoe’s HydroFlex technology to produce low-carbon fuels from waste tires

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Greenergy will invest in Front End Engineering Design (FEED) of a project to produce low-carbon transportation fuels from waste tires. billion tires are discarded each year worldwide, creating significant waste.

Waste 329

Velocys receives further £0.5M grant for waste-to-fuels project

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million) of grant funding for the Altalto waste-to-fuels project from the UK Department for Transport (DfT), under the Future Fuels for Flight and Freight Competition (F4C). Velocys plc has secured a further £0.5 million (US$0.63

2020 247

NREL releases comprehensive vision for deep decarbonization of transportation

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The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has released a comprehensive vision for deeply decarbonizing transportation. The transportation sector is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States, accounting for about 28% of total carbon emissions.

DOE awards ~$34M to 11 projects to advance waste and algae bioenergy technology

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Biomass feedstocks can be produced by municipal solid waste (MSW) streams and algae and converted into low-carbon fuels that can significantly contribute to the decarbonization of transportation sectors that face barriers to electrification, such as aviation and marine. The selected projects will: Research and develop waste for energy conversion ($20 million). Algae uses sunlight and nutrients to grow, and then can be converted to a variety of biofuels and products.

Waste 174

Ways2H partners with Ford, Bacon & Davis to build waste-to-H2 production facilities for clean fuel in US markets

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a global producer of renewable hydrogen from the world’s worst waste streams, and Ford, Bacon & Davis, a leader in energy facility engineering, procurement and construction (EPC), are collaborating to design and to build waste-to-hydrogen facilities in California and other locations in the United States, to produce renewable hydrogen fuel for customers in the mobility and power generation sectors, and to offer alternative disposal options for waste processing and waste disposal companies.

2020 253

IH2 technology licensed for demonstration plant to convert woody biomass into drop-in hydrocarbon transportation fuels

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IH 2 technology is a continuous catalytic thermochemical process which converts a broad range of forestry/agricultural residues and municipal wastes directly into renewable hydrocarbon transportation fuels and/or blend stocks. Hydrogen production, converting light gases generated in the first stage to hydrogen in sufficient quantity to supply all process needs.

2015 253

SUTD team proposes low-temperature thermionic converter with graphene cathode; about 45% efficiency

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Researchers at the Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) are proposing that it is possible to design an efficient graphene-cathode-based thermionic energy converter (TIC)—a device for converting heat to electricity leveraging the phenomenon of thermionic emission, or the release of electrons from a hot body—operating at around 900 K (626 °C) or lower, as compared with a conventional metal-based cathode TIC operating at about 1500 K (1227 °C).

2015 289

Port of Corpus Christi, Howard announce to convert Javelina refinery services facility to blue hydrogen production

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The Port of Corpus Christi Authority (Port of Corpus Christi) and Howard Midstream Energy Partners, LLC (Howard/HEP) have executed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) stating their intention to convert Howard’s Javelina refinery services facility into the region’s first blue hydrogen production facility.

Study suggests that decarbonizing US transport sector by converting waste CO2 to fuels would require economical air-capture of CO2

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Kreutz used two examples of CCTF systems in his analysis: biodiesel from microalgae and Sandia National Laboratory’s S2P process (an effort to utilize concentrated solar energy to convert waste CO 2 into synthetic fuels, earlier post ). When that carbon is converted into a fuel, burned, and exhausted to the atmosphere, the overall cycle is roughly neutral. This raises the unusual possibility of the transportation sector becoming decarbonized before.

2010 204

Enogia and IFPEN partner on waste heat recovery in stationary and transport applications

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Start-up Enogia and IFP Energies nouvelles (IFPEN) are forming a strategic partnership for the joint development and marketing of a range of Rankine technologies to convert heat into electricity. The aim is to recover waste heat from the exhaust gases of internal combustion engines in both stationary installations (generators, cogeneration installations) and transport, particularly rail and maritime.

2014 209

Natural Resources Canada invests $800K in G4 Insights project to convert forestry waste to renewable natural gas

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for the development of technology to convert forestry waste into renewable natural gas (RNG) that can be distributed through existing natural gas pipelines in Canada. Forest residue, which includes all parts of the tree, can be converted into solid, liquid or gaseous biofuels such as RNG that can then be burned for energy or used as fuel substitutes for transportation or industrial processes. Natural Resources Canada is investing $800,000 in G4 Insights Inc.

2017 150

GTI quantifies opportunity to produce low-carbon renewable natural gas (RNG) from wood wastes

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GTI has released a site-specific engineering design titled “ Low-Carbon Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) from Wood Wastes ”. GTI led a team of engineers and scientists to produce a blueprint for converting an existing biomass facility into an RNG production site, using the wood waste feedstock and some of the existing infrastructure. Open burning of agricultural wastes and devastating forest fires in California severely degrade air quality in the state.

2019 237

Three coming DOE funding opportunities for sustainable transportation technologies

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy intends to issue three sustainable transportation technologies funding opportunity announcements (FOAs) in Spring 2021. These potential funding opportunities seek innovative research, development, demonstration, and deployment (RDD&D) in the pursuit of technologies that will help reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across the transportation sector, the highest source of emissions in the United States.

ARPA-E issues RFI on lower-grade waste heat recovery technologies; focus on solid-state systems

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The Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) has issued a request for information ( DE-FOA-0001607 ) on lower-grade waste heat recovery technologies. quadrillion BTU of energy was wasted mainly in the form of heat. Much of the waste heat has been characterized by its source and its temperature, particularly in the transportation and power generation sectors. Thus, ARPA-E is keenly interested in waste heat conversion in this temperature range.

2016 150

Alphabet Energy introduces PowerModules for modular thermoelectric waste heat recovery; partnership with Borla for heavy-duty trucks

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Alphabet Energy, founded in 2009 at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, announced the availability of its thermoelectric generator PowerModule as a standalone product, available to meet the specific application needs of a range of industries, including transportation. The Alphabet Energy PowerModule is a solid-state, liquid-cooled electrical generator that converts exhaust heat into electricity using Alphabet Energy’s proprietary PowerBlocks thermoelectric materials.

2015 214

Manchester team proposing graphene-based ballistic rectifier for waste heat recovery

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Researchers at the University of Manchester (UK) have developed a graphene-based nano-rectifier (“ballistic rectifier”) that can convert waste heat to electricity. Rectifying diodes let electrical current flow in only one direction; mainly used for power supply operation, they convert AC to DC current. The resulting technology can also be applied to harvesting wasted heat energy in power plants. Graphene Thermoelectrics Waste Heat Recovery

2016 174

Fulcrum to build second waste-to-fuels plant in Gary, Indiana

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Fulcrum BioEnergy has selected Gary, Indiana as the location of its Centerpoint BioFuels Plant, which will convert municipal solid waste (MSW) into low-carbon, renewable transportation fuel. Fulcrum has developed and demonstrated a proprietary thermochemical process that converts MSW feedstock into low-carbon renewable transportation fuels including jet fuel and diesel. Fulcrum’s Centerpoint plant will be the company’s second waste-to-fuels plant.

2018 223

Dearman-led consortium awarded $3.1M to develop waste-heat-recovery system using liquid air engine

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The Dearman project is to deliver a production-feasible waste-heat recovery system for urban commercial vehicles, which offers life-cycle CO 2 savings of up to 40%; fuel savings of 25%, with the potential of up to almost 50%; and potential payback in less than three years. Ambient or low grade waste heat is used as an energy source with the cryogen providing both the working fluid and heat sink. —Chris Reeves, Commercial Manager of Future Transport Technologies at MIRA.

2014 214

NREL refines method to convert lignin to nylon precursor

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Published in the RSC journal Energy & Environmental Science , the research demonstrates how lignin-derived compounds can first be converted to muconic acid via a biological process. Muconic acid can then be separated from the biological culture and catalytically converted into adipic acid. Lignin is an alkyl-aromatic polymer present in plant cell walls for defense, structure, and water transport.

2015 295

Brightmark Energy closes $260M in financing for first US commercial-scale waste-plastics-to-fuel plant; ULSD and naphtha

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Brightmark Energy , a San Francisco-based waste and energy development company, closed a $260-million financing package for the construction of the US’ first commercial-scale plastics-to-fuel plant, which will be located in Ashley, Indiana. As part of the financing closure, Brightmark has become the controlling owner of RES Polyflow , the Ohio-based energy technology company that innovated the process for converting plastics directly into transportation fuel and other products.

2019 228

W2C Rotterdam welcomes Shell as partner in waste-to-chemicals project

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Shell will join a consortium comprising Air Liquide, Nouryon (formerly AkzoNobel Specialty Chemicals), Enerkem and the Port of Rotterdam in an effort to build Europe’s first advanced waste-to-chemicals facility in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Shell will become an equal equity partner in the proposed commercial-scale waste-to-chemicals ( W2C ) project, which will be the first of its kind in Europe to make valuable chemicals and bio-fuels out of non-recyclable waste materials.

2019 174

Canada’s CRIBE investing up to $6M in Domtar-Battelle partnership to convert wood waste to fuel via fast pyrolysis

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The Canada-based Centre for Research and Innovation in the Bio-Economy (CRIBE) is providing up to $6 million in funding to leverage a total project value of up to $14 million for a partnership between Domtar and Battelle Memorial Institute to develop and deploy a fast-pyrolysis-based system to convert wood waste to drop-in transportation fuel. Domtar Dryden will use wood waste, which is currently burned for low value, as the biomass feedstock for the process.

2012 183

University of Utah engineers develop fast method to convert algae to biocrude

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Even as electrified vehicles penetrate the short distance transportation market, high energy density transportation fuels remain essential to long distance transportation. Algal biocrude obtained from CIJMs converts successfully into biodiesel, and cascades of CIJMs increase the net lipid production.

2019 235

BP and Johnson Matthey license Fischer-Tropsch technology to waste-to-biofuels producer Fulcrum BioEnergy for biojet

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BP and Johnson Matthey (JM) have signed an agreement with Fulcrum BioEnergy to license their Fischer Tropsch (FT) technology to support Fulcrum’s drive to convert municipal solid waste into biojet fuel. The Sierra plant will be the first commercial-scale plant in the US to convert municipal solid waste feedstock, or household garbage that would otherwise be landfilled, into a low-carbon, renewable transportation fuel.

2018 207

UW Madison, ExxonMobil researchers convert alcohols to diesel-range ethers and olefins

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Researchers from the University of Wisconsin Madison and ExxonMobil Research and Engineering have devised a two-stage process by which an alcohol such as ethanol or 1-butanol can be converted with high yields into distillate-range ethers and olefins by combining Guerbet coupling (the coupling of two alcohol molecules) and intermolecular dehydration. The synthesis of liquid transportation fuels from abundant, bio-derived feedstocks is motivated by the drive toward lower GHG fuels.

2019 216

Velocys partners with PQ for FT catalyst manufacturing; secures funding for UK waste-to-jet project

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Catalyst produced by PQ has already been used to successfully produce renewable transportation fuel and other products at ENVIA, the first commercial smaller scale gas-to-liquids plant which incorporates Velocys technology. UK waste-to-jet-fuel project. million) of funding has been secured to deliver the next development phase of the waste-to-sustainable jet fuel project that it is developing in the UK.

2018 150

DOE BETO to award $61.4M for low-carbon biofuels research to reduce transportation emissions

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BETO is focused on developing technologies that convert domestic biomass and other waste resources (e.g., municipal solid waste, biosolids) into low-carbon biofuels and bioproducts. The US Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) announced the availability of $61.4 million for technologies that produce low-cost, low-carbon biofuels. (

China researchers hydrotreat waste engine oil and scrap tire oil blend to produce diesel- and jet-range fuel

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Researchers at Henan Polytechnic University in China have hydrotreated the oil derived from hydrothermal liquefaction of scrap tires (STO) with waste engine oil (WEO) using five different activated carbon-supported noble metal catalysts—Pd/C, Pt/C, Ru/C, Ir/C, and Rh/C—for the production of liquid fuels. Using WEO as the reaction medium not only made the recovery of the UPO easier but also converted WEO into a major component of the UPO.

2019 197

Bacterial enzyme converts carbon monoxide to hydrocarbons

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Researchers at Utah State University report on an engineered bacterial enzyme—a molybdenum (Mo) nitrogenase—capable of converting carbon monoxide into usable hydrocarbons in a reaction similar to Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Like many waste-to-energy processes, we’ve found we can produce such hydrocarbons as propane and butane from carbon monoxide.

2011 235

Velocys receives FONSI from USDA for planned Mississippi biorefinery; wood waste to drop-in fuels

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The 160-page environmental assessment report details the impact of the proposed facility across 15 potential aspects, including: land use; water resources; air quality; wildlife; visual impact; noise; transport; and public and occupational health. The site will be home to a biorefinery that will use Velocys’ technology to produce low-carbon transportation fuels from the wood wastes of lumber operations and tree plantations.

2018 163

Commissioning of Westinghouse plasma biomass gasifier at waste to liquids facility in China

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The Westinghouse plasma gasification unit is designed to take approximately 100 tons per day of biomass waste and convert it into clean syngas. The clean syngas is then to be converted into diesel fuel and other transportation fuels at the Kaidi facility. The demonstration facility is the first instance of a broader business plan being implemented by Kaidi to convert waste biomass in central China utilizing the Westinghouse Plasma technology.

2013 230

British Airways partners with Velocys on renewable jet fuel from household waste

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British Airways has entered a partnership with Velocys to design a series of waste plants that convert household waste into renewable jet fuel to power its fleet. The first plant will take hundreds of thousands of tonnes of household waste per-year, destined for landfill or incineration, including diapers, plastic food containers and chocolate bar wrappers, and convert it into clean-burning, sustainable fuels.

2017 150

New catalytic process to convert lignin into jet-range hydrocarbons

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Researchers at Washington State University (WSU) Tri-Cities have developed a catalytic process to convert corn stover lignin into hydrocarbons (C 7 –C 18 )—primarily C 12 –C 18 cyclic structure hydrocarbons in the jet fuel range. Ordinarily, it is wasted when plant biomass, including cellulose, is converted into biofuels such as ethanol. To date, virtually no approach has proven successful for converting lignin into hydrocarbon liquids or chemicals.

2015 150

City of Santa Monica converting bus fleet to renewable natural gas

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The City of Santa Monica’s Big Blue Bus (BBB) has become one of the country’s first municipal transit authorities to convert its fleet to renewable natural gas (RNG), rated 90% cleaner than diesel. Earlier this year, BBB modified its original agreement with Clean Energy Fuels Corp to transition the supply of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) for its fleet to Clean Energy’s Redeem renewable LNG, which is non-fracked methane harvested from organic waste in landfills.

2015 207

ARPA-E awards $30M to 21 projects advance new class of high-performance power converters

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CIRCUITS project teams will accelerate the development and deployment of a new class of efficient, lightweight, and reliable power converters, based on wide-bandgap (WBG) semiconductors. CIRCUITS projects will establish the building blocks of this class of power converter by advancing higher efficiency designs that exhibit enhanced reliability and superior total cost of ownership. A Universal Converter for DC, Single-phase AC, and Multi-phase AC Systems.

2017 163

St1 Etanolix food-waste-to-ethanol plant integrated into oil refinery in Gothenburg

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The plant, built for North European Bio Tech Oy (NEB), recycles feedstocks such as food industry biowaste and process residue from local bakeries and bread from shops that is past its sell-by date into ethanol for transport fuel. The Etanolix production process starts with receiving feedstock that has high carbohydrate concentrations, such as bakery waste. In the hydrolysis stage, the feedstock is diluted with warm water in order to convert it into slurry.

2015 197

USDA to provide $105M loan guarantee to Fulcrum Sierra Biofuels; municipal solid waste to ethanol

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The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced a $105-million loan guarantee to Fulcrum Sierra BioFuels, LLC to finance development of a facility to convert municipal solid waste into advanced biofuels. by Fulcrum, will fully fund construction of the municipal solid waste to renewable transportation fuel facility. Fulcrum Sierra uses a two-part thermo-chemical process: Gasification converts the MSW into a synthesis gas, or syngas.

Sierra 219

Project LIBERTY cellulosic ethanol plant comes online; corn waste as feedstock

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POET-DSM’s long-anticipated Project LIBERTY , the US’ first commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol plant to use corn waste as a feedstock ( earlier post ), began production today. Developed with the support of approximately $100 million in investments and research from the US Department of Energy, the facilities use biochemical conversion technologies such as yeast and enzymes to convert cellulosic biomass into transportation fuels.

2014 195

INEOS Bio Begins Advanced Waste-to-Ethanol Plant Feasibility Study

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The INEOS Bio waste-to-ethanol process, originally developed by BRI. INEOS Bio, a subsidiary of INEOS, the world’s third-largest chemicals company, has started a feasibility study for a plant in the UK to convert locally generated biodegradable household and commercial wastes into carbon neutral road transport fuel and clean electricity, using the INEOS Bio technology process. Click to enlarge.

2009 237

GM Receives $2.7M ARPA-E Award to Explore Thermomechanical Waste Heat Recovery Using SMA Heat Engine

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Concept diagram of an SMA heat engine for power generation from waste engine heat. million (subject to final negotiation with DOE) to support building a prototype thermomechanical waste heat recovery system using a Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) heat engine to generate electricity from the heat in automotive exhaust. This behavior can theoretically be used to enable a heat engine: a mechanism that is capable of converting heat energy to mechanical or electrical energy.

2009 174

Battelle evaluating pilot-scale mobile catalytic pyrolysis unit to convert biomass to bio-oil

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Battelle researchers have developed a mobile catalytic pyrolysis unit that converts biomass materials such as wood chips or agricultural waste into bio-oil. As currently configured, the Battelle-funded unit converts one ton of pine chips, shavings and sawdust into as much as 1,300 gallons of wet bio-oil per day. Additionally, all of the waste materials produced by the unit’s process—liquid, solid and gas—have been taken into account.

2013 200