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EU project HyFlexFuel converted sewage sludge and other biomasses into kerosene by hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL); SAF

Green Car Congress

Meeting jet fuel specifications is an appropriate target to validate that highperformance transportation fuels can indeed be produced from a broad range of residue and waste streams via hydrothermal liquefaction.

Greenergy opts for Haldor Topsoe’s HydroFlex technology to produce low-carbon fuels from waste tires

Green Car Congress

Greenergy will invest in Front End Engineering Design (FEED) of a project to produce low-carbon transportation fuels from waste tires. billion tires are discarded each year worldwide, creating significant waste.

Waste 326

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China researchers hydrotreat waste engine oil and scrap tire oil blend to produce diesel- and jet-range fuel

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Researchers at Henan Polytechnic University in China have hydrotreated the oil derived from hydrothermal liquefaction of scrap tires (STO) with waste engine oil (WEO) using five different activated carbon-supported noble metal catalysts—Pd/C, Pt/C, Ru/C, Ir/C, and Rh/C—for the production of liquid fuels. Using WEO as the reaction medium not only made the recovery of the UPO easier but also converted WEO into a major component of the UPO.

2019 194

Port of Corpus Christi, Howard announce to convert Javelina refinery services facility to blue hydrogen production

Green Car Congress

The Port of Corpus Christi Authority (Port of Corpus Christi) and Howard Midstream Energy Partners, LLC (Howard/HEP) have executed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) stating their intention to convert Howard’s Javelina refinery services facility into the region’s first blue hydrogen production facility. As a leader in US crude oil export ports and a major economic engine of Texas and the nation, Port of Corpus Christi is the largest port in the United States in total revenue tonnage.

Study suggests that decarbonizing US transport sector by converting waste CO2 to fuels would require economical air-capture of CO2

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Kreutz used two examples of CCTF systems in his analysis: biodiesel from microalgae and Sandia National Laboratory’s S2P process (an effort to utilize concentrated solar energy to convert waste CO 2 into synthetic fuels, earlier post ). When that carbon is converted into a fuel, burned, and exhausted to the atmosphere, the overall cycle is roughly neutral. This raises the unusual possibility of the transportation sector becoming decarbonized before.

2010 200

St1 Etanolix food-waste-to-ethanol plant integrated into oil refinery in Gothenburg

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The plant, built for North European Bio Tech Oy (NEB), recycles feedstocks such as food industry biowaste and process residue from local bakeries and bread from shops that is past its sell-by date into ethanol for transport fuel. The ethanol plant is fully integrated into the functions and logistics of St1 oil refinery in Gothenburg and has an annual production capacity of 5 million liters (1.3 St1 is a leader in waste-based ethanol production and production technologies.

2015 192

Alphabet Energy introduces PowerModules for modular thermoelectric waste heat recovery; partnership with Borla for heavy-duty trucks

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Alphabet Energy, founded in 2009 at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, announced the availability of its thermoelectric generator PowerModule as a standalone product, available to meet the specific application needs of a range of industries, including transportation. The Alphabet Energy PowerModule is a solid-state, liquid-cooled electrical generator that converts exhaust heat into electricity using Alphabet Energy’s proprietary PowerBlocks thermoelectric materials.

2015 210

Canada’s CRIBE investing up to $6M in Domtar-Battelle partnership to convert wood waste to fuel via fast pyrolysis

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The Canada-based Centre for Research and Innovation in the Bio-Economy (CRIBE) is providing up to $6 million in funding to leverage a total project value of up to $14 million for a partnership between Domtar and Battelle Memorial Institute to develop and deploy a fast-pyrolysis-based system to convert wood waste to drop-in transportation fuel. Battelle has developed catalysts and an integrated process tailored to upgrade pyrolysis bio-oil.

2012 179

Brightmark Energy closes $260M in financing for first US commercial-scale waste-plastics-to-fuel plant; ULSD and naphtha

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Brightmark Energy , a San Francisco-based waste and energy development company, closed a $260-million financing package for the construction of the US’ first commercial-scale plastics-to-fuel plant, which will be located in Ashley, Indiana. As part of the financing closure, Brightmark has become the controlling owner of RES Polyflow , the Ohio-based energy technology company that innovated the process for converting plastics directly into transportation fuel and other products.

2019 225

University of Utah engineers develop fast method to convert algae to biocrude

Green Car Congress

Even as electrified vehicles penetrate the short distance transportation market, high energy density transportation fuels remain essential to long distance transportation. Algal biocrude obtained from CIJMs converts successfully into biodiesel, and cascades of CIJMs increase the net lipid production. This technology could also be applied beyond algae and include a variety of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, or any microbial-derived oil, says Mohanty.

2019 232

BP and Johnson Matthey license Fischer-Tropsch technology to waste-to-biofuels producer Fulcrum BioEnergy for biojet

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BP and Johnson Matthey (JM) have signed an agreement with Fulcrum BioEnergy to license their Fischer Tropsch (FT) technology to support Fulcrum’s drive to convert municipal solid waste into biojet fuel. The Sierra plant will be the first commercial-scale plant in the US to convert municipal solid waste feedstock, or household garbage that would otherwise be landfilled, into a low-carbon, renewable transportation fuel.

2018 204

Researchers use distillation to improve biocrude oil properties for fuel blending

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Biocrude oil produced via hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of biomass could provide a low-carbon supplement for transportation fuel supply. Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) is a thermochemical depolymerisation process in an enclosed reactor that converts wet biomass into biocrude oil and chemicals at moderate temperature (typically 200–400°C) and high pressure (typically 10–25 MPa). Upgrading of the HTL biocrude is necessary for transportation grade fuel.

Oil 170

Stanford team proposes method for electricity production from oil shale with in situ carbon capture to provide transportation energy with reduced CO2 emissions

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A team at Stanford University is proposing using solid oxide fuel cells as the basis for a method for electricity production from oil shale with in situ carbon capture (EPICC) as a means to provide transportation services from oil shale with greatly reduced CO 2 emissions. However, liquid hydrocarbon (HC) fuels derived from oil shale have ~1.2-1.75 times the GHG emissions of HC fuels produced from conventional oil on a full-fuel-cycle (well-to-wheels) basis.

2011 192

DOE to award up to $1.2M to project converting wastewater solids to biogas and liquid fuels; hydrothermal processing

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The project will use Genifuel hydrothermal processing technology (HTP) to convert wastewater solids into renewable natural gas as well as liquid fuels. The technology, developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) over a 40-year period, converts waste solids from a wastewater treatment plant into biocrude and methane gas using water, heat and pressure. Lipids, proteins, and carbs are converted to oil. Southern California Gas Co.

2017 170

Ricardo and Recycling Technologies to characterize Plaxx plastic-waste-derived-fuel for marine applications

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Recycling Technologies is industrializing a process—originally developed at the University of Warwick (UK)—to convert residual plastic waste into a low-sulfur hydrocarbon compound called Plaxx. Plaxx is created from residual mixed plastic waste that is not amenable to direct recycling and would otherwise go to landfill. In the European Union alone, more than 25 million tonnes of post-consumer waste plastic is produced each year. UK-based.

2016 150

NextFuels introduces hydrothermal process to produce biofuels from wet, unprocessed waste; solution for palm plantation residue

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Biofuels company NextFuels introduced its hydrothermal process for economically producing transportation and industrial fuels from wet, unprocessed agricultural waste. The underlying technology—developed by Shell Oil over several years—will allow NextFuels and its partners to produce bio-based crude at commercial scale for $75 to $85 a barrel out of wet biomass that has not been mechanically or thermally dried. There is no such thing as waste.

2013 192

$4M ARPA-E award to Lanzatech to improve design of bioreactors for waste-gas-to-fuels fermentation technology

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LanzaTech, a producer of low-carbon fuels and chemicals from waste gases, was awarded a $4-million grant by the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) as one of the 15 REMOTE projects ( earlier post ) receiving a combined $34 million to find advanced biocatalyst technologies that can convert natural gas to liquid fuel for transportation. Doing so will enable the reuse of waste methane gases for low carbon fuels and chemicals.

2013 191

BA and Solena Fuels to build GreenSky landfill-waste-to-jet-fuel plant in Thurrock; completion in 2017

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British Airways and its partner Solena Fuels announced that the UK GreenSky facility to convert landfill waste into jet fuel ( earlier post ) will be built in Thames Enterprise Park, part of the site of the former Coryton oil refinery in Thurrock, Essex. The site has excellent transport links and existing fuel storage facilities.

2014 210

First application of GE ORegen organic rankine cycle waste heat recovery system at Alliance Pipeline Compressor Station in Alberta

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The first commercial ORegen organic rankine cycle waste heat recovery system, a technology developed by GE Oil & Gas that enables a gas turbine to produce extra power without any additional emissions or fuel consumption and no water use, will be installed at Alliance Pipeline’s (APL) Whitecourt Compressor Station about 200 kilometers (110 miles) northwest of Edmonton, Alberta. The Alliance Pipeline transports approximately 1.6

2011 216

OriginOil and Idaho National Lab to develop direct conversion of algae into renewable crude oil for existing oil refineries

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the developer of a technology to extract oil from algae, plans to co-develop an integrated system with the US Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory (INL) for direct conversion of raw algae into a renewable crude oil that can be used by existing petroleum refineries. From there it’s a natural step to helping algae growers make a direct crude oil replacement right on site, giving them direct access to the existing world market for transportation fuels, including jet fuel.

Idaho 204

Cal Energy Commission adopts report outlining how state transforming transportation system to meet climate goals

Green Car Congress

The California Energy Commission adopted its 2014 Integrated Energy Policy Report (IEPR) Update, which outlines, among many things, how the state is working to transform the transportation system to zero- and near-zero technologies and fuels to meet its climate and clean air goals. This is the first IEPR to focus primarily on transportation. Key transportation-related elements highlighted by the report include: Hydrogen fuel cell technology. Oil-by-rail.

2015 210

Dutch/Russian effort to commercialize new process to convert flared gas to gasoline via a DME pathway

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Topchiev Institute for Petrochemical Synthesis ( TIPS ) on marketing a new technology developed by TIPS to convert flared gases into hydrocarbon fuels such as gasoline. The conventional way to make gasoline from gas is to convert the gas to a synthesis gas, then into methanol, followed by conversion to straight-chain hydrocarbons and finally via reforming into a high-octane hydrocarbon blend. The TIPS catalytic converter is better in this and other respects than existing methods.

2013 199

New Catalytic Process to Convert Cellulose Into Renewable Diesel and Gasoline

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Researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison led by James Dumesic have developed a catalytic process to convert cellulose into liquid hydrocarbon fuels (diesel and gasoline), using a cascade strategy to achieve the progressive removal of oxygen from biomass, allowing the control of reactivity and facilitating the separation of products. In addition, pyrolysis could be employed to convert lignin and solid humins to bio-oils or to aromatic fuels.

2010 210

Battelle passes 1,000-hour milestone with continuous hydrotreatment process for bio-oil to fuels

Green Car Congress

Researchers at Battelle led by principal investigator Dr. Zia Abdullah have demonstrated the durability of a continuous hydrotreatment process that converts bio-oil from biomass pyrolysis into transportation and aviation fuels, meeting the longevity goals of a challenge from the United States Department of Energy’s (DOE) to make commercially viable transportation fuels from biomass pyrolysis. This produces a vapor, which is then condensed to form bio-oil.

2015 200

California Energy Commission to award up to $3M to support development of bio-oil as intermediate for renewable jet fuel

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The California Energy Commission is issuing a solicitation ( GFO-17-901 ) to provide up to $3 million in funding for innovative, pre-commercial low-carbon fuel production processes that result in the development of bio-oil as an intermediate fuel with wide-scale adoption potential used for renewable jet fuel production. For the purpose of the solicitation, bio-oil is defined as a synthetic or organic equivalent to crude oil such as bio-crude.

2017 150

California Energy Commission awards more than $5.5M for green transportation projects and $1.8M for 20 energy research projects

Green Car Congress

The California Energy Commission (CEC) approved $5,580,773 for clean-energy transportation projects including biodiesel production, power control electronics for medium-and heavy-duty battery electric vehicles, and buydowns for propane vehicles. In addition, CEC awarded $1,815,274 to fund 20 energy research projects in the areas of transportation, electricity, and natural gas. The facility is slated to produce nearly 5 million gallons of transportation fuel per year.

2013 278

Supercritical Ethanol Liquefaction of Swine Manure to Produce Bio-oils

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Researchers from North Carolina A and T State University have converted swine manure to bio-oils by using ethanol as a solvent in an autoclave in the reaction temperature range of 240-360 °C without any catalyst. Bio-oils can be upgraded to transportation fuels. Animal waste has tremendous energy potential. annual consumption of petroleum oil in the US. Wallace (2010) Supercritical Ethanol Liquefaction of Swine Manure for Bio-Oils Production.

2010 196

Total begins producing sustainable aviation fuel in France

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The biojet fuel, made from used cooking oil, will be delivered to French airports starting in April 2021. Total started up production at the La Mède biorefinery—converted from a former oil refinery—in 2019. Total will not use vegetable oils as feedstock.

France 346

California Energy Commission awards more than $2.5M for clean transportation projects

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The California Energy Commission (CEC) approved funding of $2,605,370 for clean transportation projects. The program is slated to invest approximately $90 million during this fiscal year to encourage the development and use of new technologies and alternative and renewable fuels, with the goal of reducing dependence on foreign oil and improving the environment. The digesters will use the waste to produce biomethane to be converted into renewable compressed natural gas fuel.

2012 191

DOE awarding nearly $65M for biofuels research to reduce airplane and ship emissions

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These investments will advance technologies to create replacements for petroleum fuels used in heavy-duty forms of transportation such as airplanes and ships. Alder Energy will convert miscanthus, a highly promising biomass crop, to SAF through their advanced pyrolysis oil technology, a process that utilizes heat, pressure, and solvents to deconstruct the miscanthus into oils for conversion to SAF.

Iogen proposes new method to increase renewable content of transportation fuels; renewable hydrogen from biogas for refinery hydrogenation units

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Cellulosic biofuel and biochemical company Iogen Corporation has developed and filed for patents on a new method to increase the renewable energy content of liquid transportation fuels. The biogas is then transported to the refinery, where it can be converted to hydrogen via known methods including, but not limited to autothermal reforming (ATR), steam methane reforming (SMR) and additional water gas shift reactions.

2014 179

Diamond Green Diesel to more than double renewable fuel capacity using second Honeywell Ecofining unit; 675M barrels renewable diesel per year

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The Diamond Green Diesel facility converts inedible oils and other waste fats into a high-quality renewable diesel fuel. This standard requires a minimum volume of transportation fuels sold in the US to contain renewable fuel as a way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

2020 326

Shell to build one of Europe’s biggest biofuels facilities for SAF and renewable diesel; 820,000 tonnes/year

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Once built, the facility will be among the largest in Europe to produce sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and renewable diesel made from waste. It will produce low-carbon fuels such as renewable diesel from waste in the form of used cooking oil, waste animal fat and other industrial and agricultural residual products, using technology developed by Shell. The facility will not use virgin palm oil as feedstock. Transport Hub and Offshore Storage) project.

Europe 257

PNNL biocrude-to-diesel demo passes 2,000-hour catalyst stability milestone

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A large-scale demonstration converting biocrude to renewable diesel fuel has passed a significant test, operating for more than 2,000 hours continuously without losing effectiveness. It addresses the need to convert biocrude, a mixture of carbon-based polymers, into biofuels.

Diesel 281

UOP and Indian Oil Corp. to Collaborate on Biofuels Projects in India

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UOP LLC, a Honeywell company, signed a memorandum of understanding with Indian Oil Corp. The companies would evaluate installation of a demonstration-scale unit to produce green transportation fuels at an existing IOCL site using non-food feedstocks available within India. IOCL and Honeywell’s UOP would also evaluate the viability of pyrolysis oil technology to convert lignocellulosic materials, or plant biomass, into renewable power and heat.

2010 191

IEA roadmap concludes biofuels can provide up to 27% of world transportation fuel by 2050

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Contribution of biofuels to GHG emissions reduction in the transport sector. By 2050, biofuels could provide 27% of total transport fuel and contribute in particular to the replacement of diesel, kerosene and jet fuel, according to a new report from the International Energy Agency (IEA). This would represent an increase in biofuel use from 55 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe) today (2% of transport fuel) to 750 Mtoe in 2050.

2011 196

DOE to Award Honeywells UOP $25M for Pyrolysis Oil to Renewable Fuels Demo Unit

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Converting biomass to renewable fuels via a pyrolysis pathway. The US Department of Energy has selected UOP, a Honeywell company, for negotiation of a $25 million award to build a demonstration unit in Hawaii to convert cellulosic biomass into renewable hydrocarbon transportation fuels. RTP rapidly heats biomass at ambient pressure to generate high yields of pourable, liquid pyrolysis oil. Source: UOP. Click to enlarge.

2010 185

Vattenfall and Aalborg University Partner with SCF Technologies on Near Supercritical Bio-oil Process

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Vattenfall and Aalborg University are partnering with Danish startup SCF Technologies in a two-year project to design a demonstration plant based on SCF’s CatLiq process—an application of the firm’s supercritical fluid technology in the catalytic production of bio-oil from organic waste. CatLiq converts biomass and organic wastes in water at near or supercritical conditions (280-350 °C and 180-250 bar). The oxygen content of the CatLiq bio-oil is 2-12%.

2009 191

Perspective: Drive Star Conversion Program Could Cut US Oil Use in Half by 2020

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In a pre-response to that speech, having successfully advocated for plug-in hybrids like the forthcoming Chevy Volt, we propose that the President follow that speech up with a “realistic and conservative” roadmap to halve our oil use in 10 years. We outline a second speech by the President, starting with, “I am not willing to be the latest in a succession of Presidents telling you we’re going to end our addiction to oil. Oil is holding us all hostage, economically and physically.

2010 214

IndianOil and LanzaTech to construct first refinery Offgas-to-Bioethanol production facility

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Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IndianOil), India’s flagship national oil company and LanzaTech signed a Statement of Intent to construct the world’s first refinery offgas-to-bioethanol production facility in India. LanzaTech’s first commercial facility converting waste emissions from steel production to ethanol will come online in China in late 2017. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Emissions Ethanol Fuels India Oil Recycling

2017 150

Stanford study finds energy requirements of super-giant oilfields can significantly increase over time

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Mohammad Masnadi and Adam Brandt used decades-long time-series data from twenty-five globally significant oil fields (>1 billion barrels ultimate recovery) to model greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from oil production as a function of time.Depletion requires increased energy expenditures in drilling, oil recovery, and oil processing. Current climate and energy system models typically don’t explore the impacts of oil reservoir depletion in any detail.

2017 163

Study concludes advanced biofuel could meet more than 50% of Indias demand for transport gasoline by 2020

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Transforming agricultural waste into biofuel in India could meet up to 59% of the country’s demand for transport gasoline while creating up to one million jobs, according to a new study by Bloomberg New Energy Finance, commissioned by enzyme company Novozymes. The Government of India has already announced an ambitious target of 20% of biofuels in transport by 2017 as part of its Indian Biofuels Policy. Assuming a barrel of crude oil costs US$100, India will spend US$19.4

2011 170

DOE ARPA-E awards $156M to projects to 60 projects to accelerate innovation in clean energy technologies

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The technology areas ( earlier post ) receiving funding are: PETRO: Plants Engineered To Replace Oil ($36 million). Plants Engineered to Replace Oil (PETRO). streamline the process by which green plants convert carbon. Center for Enhanced Camelina Oil (CECO) The team led by the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center will. produces more oil per acre. production of oil, which is stored in seeds and is convertible to. These converters can also.

2011 242