Study suggests that decarbonizing US transport sector by converting waste CO2 to fuels would require economical air-capture of CO2

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Kreutz used two examples of CCTF systems in his analysis: biodiesel from microalgae and Sandia National Laboratory’s S2P process (an effort to utilize concentrated solar energy to convert waste CO 2 into synthetic fuels, earlier post ). Over time, however, as the CO 2 price increases, it eventually becomes more economical to either retrofit plants to capture and store most of.

2010 200

Global Bioenergies reports first production of green isobutene at demo plant

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Global Bioenergies is now entering the final phase of demonstrating its technology for converting renewable carbon into hydrocarbons. It can also be converted into isododecane, a compound found in jet fuel. Global Bioenergies developed an artificial metabolic pathway—a series of enzymatic reactions—which, when implanted into a host micro-organism, allows the microbe to convert sugars into isobutene in a several-stage process.

2016 210

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RedRock Biofuels to supply 3M gallons/year of renewable jet fuel to FedEx through 2024

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and will convert approximately 140,000 dry tons of woody biomass into 15 million gallons per year of renewable jet, diesel and naphtha fuels. The Red Rock process begins with the gasification of woody biomass to produce synthesis gas, which is then is cleaned and sent to a Fischer-Tropsch unit where it is converted to liquid hydrocarbons.

2015 192

Cascadia Capital forecasts flurry of MA and commercialization in clean tech in 2011; US Congress to discard Cap and Trade

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Rising Oil Prices Lead to Investments in Natural Gas. Oil markets are traditionally sensitive to a pick up in economic activity. As the economy continues to slowly improve over the next 12 months, Cascadia predicts that oil will hit $100 per barrel. At the same time, oil companies will look to expand their operations by purchasing natural gas assets and companies that make technology for natural gas. Waste to Energy Technology Ready for Prime Time.

2010 161

United Airlines invests $30M in Fulcrum BioEnergy; renewable jet fuel offtake agreement, potential joint development of production

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the developer of a process for converting municipal solid waste into low-cost sustainable aviation biofuel. Investing in alternative fuels is not only good for the environment, it’s a smart move for our company as biofuels have the potential to hedge against future oil price volatility and carbon regulations. United Airlines made a $30-million equity investment in US-based Fulcrum BioEnergy, Inc.,

2015 192

Univ of Washington team working to make poplar coppice viable cheap, high-volume biofuel feedstock

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The UW team is the first to try converting the entire young tree—leaves, bark and stems—into bio oil and ethanol using two separate processes. Additionally, other tree parts go to waste when only the trunk is used, making the process more inefficient and wasteful. We have the environmental incentives to produce fuels and chemicals from renewable resources, but right now, they aren’t enough to compete with low oil prices.

2017 150

Global biofuels production up 17% in 2010 to hit all-time high of 105 billion liters

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High oil prices, a global economic rebound, and new laws and mandates in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, and the United States, among other countries, are all factors behind the surge in production, according to research conducted by the Worldwatch Institute’s Climate and Energy Program for the website Vital Signs Online. High oil prices were also a factor in Brazil, where every third car-owner drives a flex-fuel vehicle that can run on either fossil or bio-based fuels.

2011 219

Study details viable pathway to develop sustainable aviation biofuels industry in Pacific Northwest; hydroprocessing of natural oils seen as the most immediate opportunity

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aviation fuel at the scale or speed needed to achieve industry goals, the report focuses on a portfolio of options, including different conversion technologies and sources of potentially sustainable biomass, including oilseeds, forest residues, solid waste, and algae. Established hydroprocessing technologies to produce aviation fuels from natural oils. supply chains for sustainable aviation fuels utilizing oils from oilseed crops such as camelina, as well as algae and biomass.

2011 199

Analysis Finds That First-Generation Biofuel Use of Up to 5.6% in EU Road Transport Fuels Delivers Net GHG Emissions Benefits After Factoring in Indirect Land Use Change

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The RED also established environmental sustainability criteria for biofuels consumed in the EU: a minimum rate of direct GHG emission savings (35% in 2009 and rising over time to 50% in 2017) and restrictions on the types of land that may be converted to production of biofuels feedstock crops (direct land use changes only). Non land-using first generation biofuels such as recycled waste oil and animal fats are not included in the 5.6%).

2010 185

Accenture Reports Identifies 12 Disruptive Technologies Most Likely to Transform Supply and Demand of Transport Fuels and Cut Emissions Within Next 10 Years

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Will be competitive at an oil price of $45 to $90 at their commercial date. Waste-to-fuel. The production of transport fuel from waste is a nascent technology, largely in the lab and pilot stages of commercialization at present. If the technology can be brought to scale, then waste feedstock processing could solve two problems at once—a source of low-cost, low-carbon renewable fuel, and a solution to the ever more critical issue to landfill reduction.

2009 224

GAO Report Concludes Industry and Government Face Significant Challenges in Meeting RFS Target While Minimizing Unintended Adverse Effects; Suggests Federal Research Give Priority to Non-Ethanol Biofuels

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RFS2 requires that US transportation fuel contain 36 billion gallons of biofuels in 2022; at least 16 billion of the 36 billion gallons of biofuels required in 2022 are to be made from such cellulosic feedstocks as perennial grasses, crop residue, and wood waste. Biofuels production has had mixed effects on US agriculture with respect to land use, crop selection, livestock production, rural economies, and food prices, the report found.

2009 161

Study Finds Integrated Biorefinery Processes Could Be Highly Competitive With Petroleum Fuels on Efficiency and Costs, While Offering Substantial Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Emissions

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Scenarios integrating biological and thermochemical processing enable waste heat from the thermochemical process to power the biological process, resulted in higher overall process efficiencies on par with petroleum-based fuels in several cases. The most promising class of processes we analysed combined the biological fermentation of carbohydrates to fuels with advanced technologies that thermochemically convert process residues to electrical power and, or, additional liquid fuels.

2009 163

The Road to Independence

Plug In Partners

By preparing now for a future of scarce world oil supplies, we can build an economy with a more resilient foundation for jobs and prosperity. As economics guru Alan Greenspan recently told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, "Even before the devastating hurricanes of last summer, world oil markets had been subject to a degree of strain not experienced for a generation. The next hurricane that slams into the Gulf Coast could send prices up at the pump again.

2006 100

National Low Carbon Fuel Standard study releases major Technical Analysis and Policy Design reports; providing a scientific basis for policy decisions

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Very broadly, they found that an LCFS would buffer the economy against global oil price spikes, trim demand for petroleum, and lessen upward pressure on gas prices. California’s original approach to heavy carbon oils resulted in a legal challenge that is still pending; the EU’s adoption of a similar approach has resulted in protracted discussion and negotiation with Canada that has yet to be resolved, either.).

2012 213