PNAS study finds Vertimass CADO efficient way to convert ethanol to biohydrocarbons; 40 to 96% reduction in GHGs, based on feedstock

Green Car Congress

Increased oil prices or current production incentives make Vertimass fuel cost competitive, and CADO-derived hydrocarbon blendstocks pass on greenhouse gas emission reductions of the ethanol feedstock.

2019 209

Study suggests that decarbonizing US transport sector by converting waste CO2 to fuels would require economical air-capture of CO2

Green Car Congress

Kreutz used two examples of CCTF systems in his analysis: biodiesel from microalgae and Sandia National Laboratory’s S2P process (an effort to utilize concentrated solar energy to convert waste CO 2 into synthetic fuels, earlier post ). Over time, however, as the CO 2 price increases, it eventually becomes more economical to either retrofit plants to capture and store most of.

2010 200

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Sasol bails on $13-$15B US GTL project, divests from Canadian shale; no new greenfield GTL

Green Car Congress

In January 2015 Sasol announced it was delaying a final investment decision on the proposed project near Lake Charles, Louisiana to conserve cash in response to lower oil prices. Sasol CFO Paul Victor said that while its current GTL assets are generating good returns and cash flows, the value proposition for Sasol to build new GTL projects is now uneconomic against a volatile external environment and structural shift to a low oil price environment.

2017 150

Global Bioenergies reports first production of green isobutene at demo plant

Green Car Congress

Global Bioenergies is now entering the final phase of demonstrating its technology for converting renewable carbon into hydrocarbons. It can also be converted into isododecane, a compound found in jet fuel. Global Bioenergies developed an artificial metabolic pathway—a series of enzymatic reactions—which, when implanted into a host micro-organism, allows the microbe to convert sugars into isobutene in a several-stage process.

2016 210

The Real Reason for USA based Economic Recessions.

DIY Electric Car

The True Cause of Recessions: OIL. I was asked to speak about the economic impact of our oil dependency and so I began researching this topic to see if I could draw some insightful conclusions. There have been 5 recession since then until now and I wanted to see if Oil had anything to do with them, because deep in my heart, I knew the most recent recession was directly caused by the oil price spikes that started in 2007 and peaked in 2008.

USA 153

RedRock Biofuels to supply 3M gallons/year of renewable jet fuel to FedEx through 2024

Green Car Congress

and will convert approximately 140,000 dry tons of woody biomass into 15 million gallons per year of renewable jet, diesel and naphtha fuels. The Red Rock process begins with the gasification of woody biomass to produce synthesis gas, which is then is cleaned and sent to a Fischer-Tropsch unit where it is converted to liquid hydrocarbons.

2015 192

Purdue study shows potential for growth in biofuels from corn stover

Green Car Congress

If technology and government support become economically viable, converting corn stover to biofuels would affect the profitability of corn production compared with other crops and also the crop rotation practices in the Midwest, the researchers said. The researchers concluded that the supply of stover-based fuel would be very limited at low levels of crude oil prices in particular when the government does not support production.

2016 163

Norweign Drivers switch to Electric Cars

EV Report

Most people do know and feel that if we drive electric cars we could reduce the consumption of oil and could reduce pollution. As a result, buyers are using the perks which they get to convert to cash. Above – Electric Car at Norway.

2020 52

NREL launches new alternative transportation web tools; planning, maps, data

Green Car Congress

Fleets across the country are trying to reduce their vulnerability to spikes in oil prices and are finding themselves increasingly subject to greenhouse gas emissions limitations at the federal, state and local levels. What if I convert my pickup trucks to run on natural gas or propane?”.

2012 308

Global biofuels production up 17% in 2010 to hit all-time high of 105 billion liters

Green Car Congress

High oil prices, a global economic rebound, and new laws and mandates in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, and the United States, among other countries, are all factors behind the surge in production, according to research conducted by the Worldwatch Institute’s Climate and Energy Program for the website Vital Signs Online. High oil prices were also a factor in Brazil, where every third car-owner drives a flex-fuel vehicle that can run on either fossil or bio-based fuels.

2011 219

Researchers show mixotrophic fermentation process improves carbon conversion, boosting yields and reducing CO2

Green Car Congress

The production costs for most chemicals via microbial fermentation are currently high compared to oil-derived products primarily because of operating costs associated with feedstock and feedstock processing. Consequently, first and second generation bioproduct manufacturing processes are economically challenged, particularly in light of recent low oil prices.

2016 207

EIA: China’s use of methanol in liquid fuels has grown rapidly since 2000; >500K bpd in 2016

Green Car Congress

Methanol can also be converted directly to gasoline, and in China this conversion occurs much less often than the blending of methanol or its derivatives into gasoline. MTG units involve high capital costs and are only cost-competitive when oil prices are high. Lower oil prices since late 2014 have reduced China’s MTG plant operating rates and have created uncertainty for investment in new MTG plants.

2017 150

Study finds that dry-feed gasification for coal-to-liquids is more efficient, lower-emitting and cheaper than slurry-feed; CCS cost-effective for reduction of CO2

Green Car Congress

For both cases, the cost of liquid product from both a liquids-only plant and for a plant that co-produces electricity are comparable to crude oil prices seen in the past two-three years, according to the paper presented at the recent international Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT) conference by a team from Carnegie Mellon University’s Department of Engineering and Public Policy. Even with CCS, the liquid product costs are comparable to recent crude oil prices.

2010 200

United Airlines invests $30M in Fulcrum BioEnergy; renewable jet fuel offtake agreement, potential joint development of production

Green Car Congress

the developer of a process for converting municipal solid waste into low-cost sustainable aviation biofuel. Investing in alternative fuels is not only good for the environment, it’s a smart move for our company as biofuels have the potential to hedge against future oil price volatility and carbon regulations. United Airlines made a $30-million equity investment in US-based Fulcrum BioEnergy, Inc.,

2015 192

Cascadia Capital forecasts flurry of MA and commercialization in clean tech in 2011; US Congress to discard Cap and Trade

Green Car Congress

Rising Oil Prices Lead to Investments in Natural Gas. Oil markets are traditionally sensitive to a pick up in economic activity. As the economy continues to slowly improve over the next 12 months, Cascadia predicts that oil will hit $100 per barrel. At the same time, oil companies will look to expand their operations by purchasing natural gas assets and companies that make technology for natural gas. Cascadia Capital , a diversified, boutique investment.

2010 161

Univ of Washington team working to make poplar coppice viable cheap, high-volume biofuel feedstock

Green Car Congress

The UW team is the first to try converting the entire young tree—leaves, bark and stems—into bio oil and ethanol using two separate processes. We have the environmental incentives to produce fuels and chemicals from renewable resources, but right now, they aren’t enough to compete with low oil prices. Research is underway to convert this bio-oil to a transportation fuel that resembles gasoline or diesel.

2017 150

VTT study concludes gasification-based pathways can deliver low-carbon fuels from biomass for about 1.90-2.65 US$/gallon

Green Car Congress

The horizontal red lines show the comparable price of gasoline (before tax, refining margin 0.3 $/gal, exchange rate: 1 € = 1.326 $) with crude oil prices 100 $/bbl and 150 $/bbl. Converted into gasoline-equivalent price per liter, the estimated production cost would be 0.5–0.7 The price of renewable solutions would thus be on a level with the current pre-tax price of fossil transportation fuels, and cheaper than existing imported biofuels.

2013 191

Global CO2 emissions up 3% in 2011; per capita CO2 emissions in China reach EU levels

Green Car Congress

savings stimulated by high oil prices led to a decrease of 3% in CO 2 emissions in the European Union and of 2% in both the United States and Japan. tonnes per capita, despite a decline due to the recession in 2008-2009, high oil prices and an increased share of natural gas. Global fossil oil consumption increased by about 2.9% in 2011, with below average consumption in all regions, except for North America, where low prices drove robust growth.

2012 204

Genencor and Goodyear Partnering on Process to Develop BioIsoprene from Sugars; To be Used in Manufacture of Tires

Green Car Congress

An important precursor for some types of synthetic rubber is isoprene, a highly volatile hydrocarbon which is typically obtained as a by-product from refining crude oil. A technical challenge to the production of isoprene from renewable sources such as biomass has been the development of an efficient process for converting carbohydrates into isoprene. One technical challenge has been the development of an efficient process for converting sugars into isoprene.

2010 212

BP and Martek Biosciences Enter a Joint Development Agreement to Deliver Advanced Microbial Biofuels

Green Car Congress

BP and Martek Biosciences Corporation signed a Joint Development Agreement (JDA) to work on the production of microbial oils for biofuels applications. Martek, a nutritional products company, has developed and patented two fermentable strains of microalgae which produce oils rich in docosahexaenoic acid, DHA. A similar patented process was developed for a fungus that produces an oil rich in arachidonic acid, ARA. Reduced exposure to vegetable oil price.

2009 175

Researchers Sequence Genome of Sugarcane Ethanol Yeast; Potential for Cellulosic Ethanol

Green Car Congress

When oil prices rose to new highs in the 1970s, Brazil invested in ethanol created from the its sugar cane crops. Argueso said the PE-2 genome will aid research into finding the best and strongest yeasts for converting the cellulose in grasses into biofuel, Argueso said.

2009 170

Startup Siluria Technologies developing novel bio-templated catalysts for economic direct conversion of methane to ethylene; potential for transportation fuels

Green Car Congress

A commercially viable OCM process—which has been sought for some 30 years— would decouple the production of mainstream chemicals and fuels from crude oil and its current price instabilities, along with reducing energy consumed for processing. Today this molecule is made from oil, by a process known as steam cracking. The oxidative coupling of methane converts methane into ethane and ethylene (C 2 hydrocarbons).

2011 231

National Research Council report finds it unlikely the US will meet cellulosic biofuel mandates absent major innovation or a change in policies

Green Car Congress

Further, the report found, only in an economic environment characterized by high oil prices, technological breakthroughs, and a high implicit or actual carbon price would biofuels be cost-competitive with petroleum-based fuels.The report also suggests that RFS2 may be an ineffective policy for reducing global GHG emissions because the effect of biofuels on GHG emissions depends on how the biofuels are produced and what land-use or land-cover changes occur in the process.

2011 214

Refiners and Truckers Associations Challenge California LCFS in Federal Court

Green Car Congress

NPRA was joined in the suit by the American Trucking Associations (ATA); the Center for North American Energy Security, an organization dedicated to the development of oil sands, oil shale and other unconventional resources in North America; and the Consumer Energy Alliance, an organization advocating, among other things, more access to offshore and onshore oil & natural gas.

2010 179

Study details viable pathway to develop sustainable aviation biofuels industry in Pacific Northwest; hydroprocessing of natural oils seen as the most immediate opportunity

Green Car Congress

Established hydroprocessing technologies to produce aviation fuels from natural oils. supply chains for sustainable aviation fuels utilizing oils from oilseed crops such as camelina, as well as algae and biomass. million gallon/year hydroprocessing facility and supporting functions including feed oil purification and hydrogen production is approximately $250 million. Converting these molecules to the jet fuel range of 10-12 carbon atoms results in a loss of yield.

2011 199

GAO Report Concludes Industry and Government Face Significant Challenges in Meeting RFS Target While Minimizing Unintended Adverse Effects; Suggests Federal Research Give Priority to Non-Ethanol Biofuels

Green Car Congress

Biofuels production has had mixed effects on US agriculture with respect to land use, crop selection, livestock production, rural economies, and food prices, the report found. For example, while increasing demand for corn for ethanol contributed to higher corn prices, thereby providing economic incentive for some corn producers, they also increased feed costs for livestock producers.

2009 161

Analysis Finds That First-Generation Biofuel Use of Up to 5.6% in EU Road Transport Fuels Delivers Net GHG Emissions Benefits After Factoring in Indirect Land Use Change

Green Car Congress

The RED also established environmental sustainability criteria for biofuels consumed in the EU: a minimum rate of direct GHG emission savings (35% in 2009 and rising over time to 50% in 2017) and restrictions on the types of land that may be converted to production of biofuels feedstock crops (direct land use changes only). Non land-using first generation biofuels such as recycled waste oil and animal fats are not included in the 5.6%).

2010 185

Biosyncrude Gasification Process Could Produce Motor Fuel at Cost of Around $3/gallon

Green Car Congress

A crude oil price of US$100/bbl results in an approximate cost of €0.56/L (US$2.72/gallon US) without tax for conventional motor fuel. Biomass is pyrolized to a pyrolysis oil. The pyrolysis oil is mixed with pyrolysis coke from the process to create a biocrude slurry for transport and subsequent gasification to syngas and subsequent catalytic conversion to chemicals and/or fuels. Overview of the Bioliq process. Source: Henrich et al. Click to enlarge.

2009 150

Interview with Chris Paine in the Whole Life Times

Revenge of the Electric Car

Q: When gas prices went up, people started driving less, and interest in EVs soared. But now, gas prices have fallen below $2 in some places. A: Certainly, when oil prices are down, it makes it harder for the competition. However, I think in the medium and long term — and maybe even the short term — electric cars are going to come on, because there’s a huge national security push to get us off oil altogether. Chris Paine in the Whole Life Times.

2009 100

The Road to Independence

Plug In Partners

By preparing now for a future of scarce world oil supplies, we can build an economy with a more resilient foundation for jobs and prosperity. As economics guru Alan Greenspan recently told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, "Even before the devastating hurricanes of last summer, world oil markets had been subject to a degree of strain not experienced for a generation. The next hurricane that slams into the Gulf Coast could send prices up at the pump again.

2006 100

Study Finds Integrated Biorefinery Processes Could Be Highly Competitive With Petroleum Fuels on Efficiency and Costs, While Offering Substantial Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Green Car Congress

The most promising class of processes we analysed combined the biological fermentation of carbohydrates to fuels with advanced technologies that thermochemically convert process residues to electrical power and, or, additional liquid fuels. Achieve production costs consistent with gasoline when oil prices are at about $30 a barrel. Processing efficiencies for biorefinery scenarios (energy out as percent of feedstock lower heating value). Laser et al. 2009) Click to enlarge.

2009 163

Accenture Reports Identifies 12 Disruptive Technologies Most Likely to Transform Supply and Demand of Transport Fuels and Cut Emissions Within Next 10 Years

Green Car Congress

Will be competitive at an oil price of $45 to $90 at their commercial date. This technology could avoid both the need for significant capital investment to upgrade refineries to produce more low sulfur fuel oil (LSFO) and greater dependence on costlier, low sulfur crudes. The use of synthetic biology to convert sugars to diesel has advanced significantly in the past one to two years, and it is close to commercial viability.

2009 224

National Low Carbon Fuel Standard study releases major Technical Analysis and Policy Design reports; providing a scientific basis for policy decisions

Green Car Congress

Very broadly, they found that an LCFS would buffer the economy against global oil price spikes, trim demand for petroleum, and lessen upward pressure on gas prices. California’s original approach to heavy carbon oils resulted in a legal challenge that is still pending; the EU’s adoption of a similar approach has resulted in protracted discussion and negotiation with Canada that has yet to be resolved, either.).

2012 213

Are biofuels the answer for green cars? The Green Piece

Green Cars News

Known as the ‘food versus fuel’ debate, some experts believe that placing energy markets in competition with food markets for arable land will result in higher food prices. Several studies have shown that biofuel production can be increased without a significant increase in acreage, but the debate has only been made all the more tempestuous by the 2007-2008 world food price crises.

2009 39