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Scottish Enterprise project converting train to hydrogen power

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Scottish Enterprise, Transport Scotland and the Hydrogen Accelerator, based at the University of St Andrews, have appointed Arcola Energy and a consortium of industry leaders in hydrogen fuel cell integration, rail engineering and functional safety to deliver Scotland’s first hydrogen powered train.

2020 397

EU project HyFlexFuel converted sewage sludge and other biomasses into kerosene by hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL); SAF

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Thanks to the expertise of several project partners, HyFlexFuel proved that HTL biocrudes can be successfully upgraded to drop-in fuels in an industrially-relevant environment, achieving hundreds of hours of continuous operations.

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Port of Corpus Christi, Howard announce to convert Javelina refinery services facility to blue hydrogen production

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The Port of Corpus Christi Authority (Port of Corpus Christi) and Howard Midstream Energy Partners, LLC (Howard/HEP) have executed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) stating their intention to convert Howard’s Javelina refinery services facility into the region’s first blue hydrogen production facility. This hydrogen is currently sold back to refineries and other industries where it is used to remove impurities such as sulfur during the refining process.

NREL refines method to convert lignin to nylon precursor

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A new study from the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) demonstrates the conversion of lignin-derived compounds to adipic acid, an important industrial dicarboxylic acid produced for its use as a precursor to nylon, plasticizers, lubricants, polyesters, and other popular products and chemicals. Muconic acid can then be separated from the biological culture and catalytically converted into adipic acid.

2015 293

Gevo awarded patent for process to upgrade or convert ethanol and bio-based alcohols to drop-in hydrocarbon fuels

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C 2 -C 8 ) to transportations fuels including diesel and/or jet fuel. water, lower alcohols such as C 2 -C 8 alcohols) in the feed stream. The combination of using decarbonized, plant-based alcohols, with our proprietary innovations to processing techniques known in the chemical industry can be a very powerful approach to dial-in the desired renewable hydrocarbon fuel product mix.

SwRI, UTSA seek to combine reverse water-gas shift and Fischer Tropsch synthesis in single reactor to produce low-carbon hydrocarbon fuels

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We’re seeing a rise in battery-powered passenger vehicles, but the high power demands of the aviation, locomotive, shipping, and long-haul trucking industries will continue to require energy-dense hydrocarbons for the foreseeable future. Seuser and Jacobs propose using a process called carbon dioxide hydrogenation to produce cleaner renewable liquid hydrocarbon fuels for transportation. Seuser will use the catalysts in a SwRI reactor to assess their industrial viability.

Carbon 170

University of Utah engineers develop fast method to convert algae to biocrude

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Even as electrified vehicles penetrate the short distance transportation market, high energy density transportation fuels remain essential to long distance transportation. bacteria, fungi, and algae) may be grown on non-arable land and with saline water, wastewater or/and produced water from mineral and petroleum extraction. Technological and economic barriers to industrial scale up remain, with microorganisms (e.g.,

2019 232

Ørsted and partners secure funding for H2RES project; offshore wind power to produce renewable hydrogen for road transport

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Hydrogen is widely used in heavy industry in Europe, but it is mainly produced by converting fossil fuels in a process which emits large amounts of greenhouse gases.

2019 238

UCSD/Sapphire team shows marine algae can be engineered to perform as well as fresh water algae to produce enzymes and biofuels; removing the constraint of fresh water

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have demonstrated for the first time that genetically engineered marine algae can be just as capable as fresh water algae in producing industrially relevant products such as enzymes or biofuels. The scientists engineered marine algae to produce five different kinds of industrially important enzymes; they suggest the same process could be used to enhance the yield of petroleum-like compounds from these salt water algae.

2012 246

MIT researchers advancing development of supercritical water upgrading of heavy crude; lower cost, energy use and CO2

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Findings by MIT researchers could help advance the commercialization of supercritical water technology for the desulfurization and upgrading of high-sulfur crude oil into high-value, cleaner fuels such as gasoline without using hydrogen—a major change in refining technology that would reduce costs, energy use, and CO 2 emissions. SCWU uses water rather than natural gas as the source of the hydrogen molecules needed for the key chemical reactions in the refining process.

2015 210

SOLAR-JET project demonstrates solar-driven thermochemical conversion of CO2 and water to jet fuel

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The EU-funded SOLAR-JET project has demonstrated the production of aviation kerosene from concentrated sunlight, CO 2 captured from air, and water. The process has also the potential to produce any other type of fuel for transport applications, such as diesel, gasoline or pure hydrogen in a more sustainable way. In the next phase of the project, the partners will optimize the solar reactor and assess the techno-economic potential of industrial scale implementation.

2014 225

Battelle evaluating pilot-scale mobile catalytic pyrolysis unit to convert biomass to bio-oil

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Battelle researchers have developed a mobile catalytic pyrolysis unit that converts biomass materials such as wood chips or agricultural waste into bio-oil. As currently configured, the Battelle-funded unit converts one ton of pine chips, shavings and sawdust into as much as 1,300 gallons of wet bio-oil per day. Because of its small size, the pyrolysis unit is installed on the trailer of a flat-bed 18-wheel truck, making it mobile and thus transportable to the waste products.

2013 196

Siluria Technologies announces successful start-up of first demo plant directly converting natural gas to ethylene through OCM

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Siluria’s OCM technology is the first commercially viable process to directly convert natural gas to ethylene, a key building block for the global petrochemicals industry and a new basis from which to produce transportation fuels. The oxidative coupling of methane (OCM) converts methane into ethane and ethylene (C 2 hydrocarbons). The ethane subsequently undergoes dehydrogenation to form ethylene and water.

2015 191

Researchers convert atmospheric CO2 to carbon nanofibers and nanotubes for use as anodes in Li-ion and Na-ion batteries

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STEP is an efficient solar chemical process, based on a synergy of solar thermal and endothermic electrolyses, designed to convert greenhouse gas carbon dioxide into a useful carbon commodity. Our climate change solution is two fold: To transform the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide into valuable products and to provide greenhouse gas emission-free alternatives to today’s industrial and transportation fossil fuel processes.

2016 190

Report Finds Water Stress Rapidly Becoming Key Strategic Risk to Commerce; Impending Water/Energy Collision

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Water consumption or withdrawals per unit of energy produced, by energy type, in the United States. Among the increasing challenges is that while the sourcing, processing, and delivery of clean water is becoming more energy-intensive, the extraction and refining of fossil fuels and their substitutes is trending towards increasing water requirements per unit of fuel produced as energy companies work with progressively lower grade resources. Sectoral Water Risks.

2009 150

ExxonMobil to invest >$1B in Antwerp refinery to convert heavy, higher sulfur residual oil into diesel, other products

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plans to invest more than $1 billion to install a new delayed coker unit at its Antwerp refinery to convert heavy, higher sulfur residual oils into transportation fuels products such as marine gasoil and diesel fuel. The new unit will expand the refinery’s ability to help meet energy needs throughout northwest Europe, despite what the company calls a challenging industry environment. ExxonMobil affiliate Esso Belgium, a division of ExxonMobil Petroleum & Chemical B.V.B.A.,

2014 196

Big Science tools for clean transportation: neutron scattering at ORNL

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This begins an occasional series on “big science” tools hosted at US national laboratories that are being applied to support the development of technology innovations for clean transportation. The lab hosts some 3,000 guest researchers each year, about one-fourth from industry. research facilities for scientists from universities, industry, and other laboratories, as well as to ORNL researchers: Building Technologies Research and Integration Center (BTRIC).

2013 256

Weizmann Institute solar technology to convert CO2 into fuel; targeted for brown coal use in Australia

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Jacob Karni, also makes it possible to dissociate water (H 2 O) to hydrogen (H 2 ) and oxygen (O 2 ) at the same time it dismantles the CO 2. Carbon monoxide (CO), or its mixture with hydrogen called syngas, can then be used as gaseous fuel, for example, in power plants, or converted to liquid fuel such as methanol, which can be stored, transported or used to power motor vehicles. is now building a solar reactor for the conversion of CO 2 on an industrial scale.

2012 191

Tunable high-yield catalytic approach converts pyrolysis oil to bio-hydrocarbon chemical feedstocks including fuel additives

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Researchers at University of Massachusetts-Amherst, with colleagues from Southeast University (China) and University of Nottingham (UK), have developed an integrated catalytic approach that combines hydroprocessing with zeolite catalysts to convert pyrolysis bio-oils into industrial commodity chemical feedstocks, including C 2 to C 6 monohydric alcohols and diols, C 6 to C 8 aromatic hydrocarbons, and C 2 to C 4 olefins with more than 60% overall carbon yields.

2010 196

France’s IFPEN studying industrial potential of onshore sources of natural hydrogen

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IFPEN now is launching a new research project investigating the viability of industrial exploitation. IFPEN is a French public-sector research, innovation and training center active in the fields of energy, transport and the environment. not produced naturally as are fossil energies, but as the product of converting other resources. The H 2 used in industry is mainly produced by converting natural gas (CH 4 ), which has the downside of emitting CO 2.

2013 196

California Energy Commission awards more than $5.5M for green transportation projects and $1.8M for 20 energy research projects

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The California Energy Commission (CEC) approved $5,580,773 for clean-energy transportation projects including biodiesel production, power control electronics for medium-and heavy-duty battery electric vehicles, and buydowns for propane vehicles. In addition, CEC awarded $1,815,274 to fund 20 energy research projects in the areas of transportation, electricity, and natural gas. The facility is slated to produce nearly 5 million gallons of transportation fuel per year.

2013 278

DOE seeks input on barriers to thermochemical liquefaction conversion of biomass to drop-in transportation fuels

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a Request for Information (RFI) (DE-FOA-0000796) to garner input from researchers in industry, academia, and other interested biofuels stakeholders to identify key technical barriers in converting biomass via thermochemical direct liquefaction pathways to transportation fuels in the gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel ranges. where biomass is liquefied with near-super critical water); and.

2012 210

Finnish researchers exploring processing of biobutanol and biogas for transport fuels

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Working within the Academy of Finland’s research program Sustainable Energy (SusEn), researchers have studied the processing of both biobutanol and biogas into transport fuels. Biobutanol can be produced from by-products of the food industry and the pulp and paper industry, which makes it a suitable candidate for replacing gasoline as a fuel, and methane derived from biogas is also a top candidate for a fuel substitute, as shown in life-cycle assessments, they note.

2011 185

California Energy Commission awards $1.1M to 12 small-scale projects to study transportation, natural gas and electricity technologies

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The technology is designed to recover waste heat from residential hot water heaters and reduce greenhouse gas emissions through the use of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. Peter Jardine of Shape Change Technologies will receive $94,855 to develop and demonstrate a one kilowatt heat engine using a unique foam-based design capable of extracting power from any source of low-grade thermal energy such as hot water.

2013 199

Innovative hybrid rotor compressor design can extend productive life of stripper wells; improved transport and efficiency, lowered operating costs

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OsComp Systems, a startup formed by MIT alumni, has developed , with support from the US Department of Energy (DOE), a hybrid rotary compressor design that decreases the energy required to compress and transport natural gas, lowers operating costs, improves efficiencies and reduces the environmental footprint of well site operations. The increased thermal transfer allows a larger amount of the input energy to be efficiently converted.

2012 200

EPA researcher calls for development of evaluation methodologies and tools to understand positive and negative impacts of algae industry

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Algae-derived biofuel will directly impact the generation of transportation fuels (biodiesel, ethanol, and petroleum), and as part of the future of renewable fuel it will also impact many environmental and economic resources. The rapid commercial expansion of the algae biofuels industry is an excellent example of sustainable product development with dramatic future potential for contributions to fuel supplies, yet many questions regarding algae production remain unanswered.

2012 191

Sun Catalytix Signs $4M ARPA-E Contract and Forms Scientific Advisory Board; Affordable Catalysts for Water Splitting

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Sun Catalytix Corporation , a company that is developing catalysts that use intermittent renewable energy, including solar and wind energy, to split water (H 2 O) into storable hydrogen and oxygen—a process that mimics photosynthesis—has signed a contract for more than $4 million in federal funding from the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E).

2010 179

Startup Siluria Technologies developing novel bio-templated catalysts for economic direct conversion of methane to ethylene; potential for transportation fuels

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Ethylene, with a $160-billion market, is a valuable commodity two-carbon chemical that can be oligomerized into transportation fuels. But once you are at a two-carbon molecule with a double bond, you can go anywhere in the chemical industry. The oxidative coupling of methane converts methane into ethane and ethylene (C 2 hydrocarbons). The ethane subsequently undergoes dehydrogenation to form ethylene and water.

2011 231

Risø DTU Investigating Production of Synthetic Transportation Fuel from Renewable Electricity and CO2

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Risø DTU, the National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy at the Technical University of Denmark - DTU, is heading an effort to transform CO 2 and renewable electricity into synthetic fuels for transportation. Through electrolysis, water is transformed into hydrogen and oxygen (and CO 2 to CO and oxygen) using electricity. Moreover, it is possible to utilize the heat which is often available as surplus heat from, for example, power stations and industry.

2010 170

Sustainable Development Canada Awards C$6M to Project to Reduce Water and Energy Consumption for Oil Sands Processing; Three Other Projects Supported to Reduce Energy and Environmental Impact of Oil Sands

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SOLVE adds a solvent to the steam in SAGD (basic operation depicted above) to reduce energy input and water consumption. million) to the Petroleum Technology Research Centre ( PTRC ) in Regina, Saskatchewan and StatoilHydro Canada for a project to reduce water use and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions for in situ oil sands recovery by steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD). The potential result is up to 25% lower energy input and water consumption compared to conventional SAGD.

MIT Report Finds Natural Gas Has Significant Potential to Displace Coal, Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions; Role in Transportation More Limited

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In the transportation sector, the study found a somewhat smaller role for natural gas. The use of compressed or liquefied natural gas as a fuel for vehicles could help to displace oil and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but to a limited extent because of the high cost of converting vehicles to use these fuels. Require integrated regional water usage /disposal plans for unconventional gas production. Transportation.

2010 207

UW Madison chemists discover new way to harness energy from ammonia

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A research team at the University of Wisconsin–Madison has identified a new way to convert ammonia to nitrogen gas through a process that could be a step toward ammonia replacing carbon-based fuels. It’s compressible, like propane, easy to transport and easy to store.

Accenture Reports Identifies 12 Disruptive Technologies Most Likely to Transform Supply and Demand of Transport Fuels and Cut Emissions Within Next 10 Years

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Accenture has identified 12 technologies that it concludes have the potential to disrupt the current views of transport fuels supply, demand and GHG emissions over the next 10 years. Betting on Science – Disruptive Technologies in Transport Fuels” selected 12 innovations in electrification and genetically modified biofuels, as well as existing fuel sources that will have the most immediate impact on emissions and on the gasoline and diesel markets.

2009 224

UK shortlists 8 projects for £15M for development of sustainable aviation fuel production

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The UK Department for Transport has shortlisted 8 industry-led projects to receive a share of £15 million (US$21 million) in the Green Fuels, Green Skies (GFGS) competition for the development of sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) production plants in the UK. The industry could create between 5,000 and 11,000 green jobs, disproportionately in areas aligned with the leveling-up agenda.

Waste 260

Diamond Green Diesel to boost renewable diesel capacity to 1.2B gallons/year; $1.45B expansion project

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We expect low-carbon fuel policies to continue to expand globally and drive demand for renewable fuels, and to that end, we are applying our liquid fuels expertise to continue to expand our long-term competitive advantage in low-carbon transportation fuels with the expansion of DGD.

Diesel 326

Australian researchers develop new hybrid plasma electrocatalytic process to produce green ammonia

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The method makes green ammonia from air, water and renewable electricity and does not require the high temperatures, high pressure and huge infrastructure currently needed to produce this essential compound. The NO x intermediaries were converted to ammonia at a rate of 23.2

Green 349

GAO Report Concludes Industry and Government Face Significant Challenges in Meeting RFS Target While Minimizing Unintended Adverse Effects; Suggests Federal Research Give Priority to Non-Ethanol Biofuels

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A report recently published by the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) concludes that the US biofuels industry and federal agencies will face significant challenges in meeting the more demanding requirements for volumes of advanced biofuels in RFS2 while minimizing any unintended adverse effects. To date, the US biofuels industry has achieved about 30% of the target level largely through the production of conventional corn starch ethanol.

2009 161

Fraunhofer IFF team designing hydrogen factory of the future

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Researchers at the Fraunhofer IFF in Germany are designing the distributed and modular production and distribution of green hydrogen for industry, business and transportation throughout the value chain—a hydrogen factory of the future.

2020 349

Leclanché expands marine electrification solution to include fast charger for ports, harbors and vessels; Damen 1st adopter

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Expanding its portfolio of solutions for the marine electrification industry, Leclanché is introducing a new “ports and harbor” infrastructure solution enabling hybrid and fully electric vessels to fast charge when returning to port.

Ricardo advances hydrogen engine; testing prototype at University of Brighton

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Green hydrogen has a critical role to play in our future energy and transport systems, particularly in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from hard to decarbonize sectors such as long-haul trucks, off-highway machines and marine.

Ground-breaking on Haru Oni eFuels plant|in Chile; Porsche to use in motor sports from 2022

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Porsche and Siemens Energy have joined forces with a number of international companies to build an industrial plant for the production of nearly CO?-neutral emissions in the traffic and transport sector.

Chile 332

bp plans UK’s largest hydrogen project; 1GW of blue hydrogen

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Industries in Teesside account for more than 5% of the UK’s industrial emissions and the region is home to five of the country’s top 25 emitters. Blue hydrogen, integrated with carbon capture and storage, can provide the scale and reliability needed by industrial processes.

Audi partnering with Climeworks on CO2 direct air capture and storage

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The Swiss company Climeworks is building the world’s largest direct air capture (DAC) and storage facility for converting atmospheric CO 2 to rock in Iceland. The water returns to the cycle of the geothermal power plant.

2020 357