Transform Materials plasma process converts abundant natural gas into high-value hydrogen and acetylene

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Transform Materials has developed a novel and sustainable microwave plasma reactor process to convert natural gas into high-value hydrogen and acetylene, thereby opening up a new pathway for green chemical manufacturing. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Natural Gas

2020 325

PNNL team develops new low-cost method to convert captured CO2 to methane

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed a new method to convert captured CO 2 into methane, the primary component of natural gas. Earlier this year, PNNL researchers revealed that using EEMPA in power plants could slash the price of carbon capture to 19% lower than standard industry costs—the lowest documented price of carbon capture. Different methods for converting CO 2 into methane have long been known.


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C2CNT process converts flue gas from natural gas power plant into carbon nanotubes

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On 26 July, the first flue gas from the natural gas power plant, the Shepard Energy Center in Calgary, Canada, was directly transformed by the C2CNT process ( earlier post ) into carbon nanotubes. Carbon dioxide is absorbed like a sponge in a liquid alkali carbonate electrolyte, and is absorbed by bubbling either flue gas or air (without the need for pre-concentration of the carbon dioxide).

2019 284

BASF and RWE proposing 2GW offshore wind farm for green electricity and hydrogen for chemical industry

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Examples of such technologies are: eCracker: Electrically heated steam cracker furnaces to produce petrochemicals at high temperatures (~850 °C); these temperatures will be reached in the eCracker using electricity instead of natural gas.

Wind 337

Multicomponent catalytic system efficiently converts carbon dioxide to methanol

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Inspired by naturally occurring processes, a team of Boston College chemists used a multi-catalyst system to convert carbon dioxide to methanol at the lowest temperatures reported with high activity and selectivity.

2020 298

Oxford team directly converts CO2 to jet fuel using iron-based catalysts

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Researchers at the University of Oxford have developed a method to convert CO 2 directly into aviation fuel using a novel, inexpensive iron-based catalyst. These are important raw materials for the petrochemical industry and are presently also only obtained from fossil crude oil.

2020 400

Wrightspeed and Matthews Specialty Vehicles partner to repower and convert buses and trucks into high-performance EVs; order for 30 MDS vehicles

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Wrightspeed and Matthews Specialty Vehicles are teaming up to develop, convert, and deliver battery-powered and range-extended electric buses, trucks, and specialty vehicles with industry-leading performance, efficiency, and total cost of ownership.

New MOF material captures and converts NO2

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The NO 2 can then be easily converted into nitric acid, a multi-billion dollar industry with uses including agricultural fertilizer for crops; rocket propellant and nylon. Despite the highly reactive nature of the pollutant, MFM-520 proved capable of being fully regenerated multiple times by degassing or by treatment with water in air—a process that also converts the nitrogen dioxide into nitric acid.

2019 170

Startup licenses ORNL technology for converting organic waste to hydrogen

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The technologies work as a system that converts organic waste into renewable hydrogen gas for use as a biofuel. There are usually thousands of microbes that are required to convert a complex organic mixture from biomass into electrons. This is also considerable in context of how much energy and effort is put into the food industry.

2019 242

NSF launches $20M engineering research center aimed at converting natural gas into transportation fuels: CISTAR

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The National Science Foundation (NSF) is investing nearly $80 million in four new Engineering Research Centers (ERCs) to create novel technology platforms in the fields of living cell-based therapies, personalized heart tissue, point-of-care health systems and fuel derived from shale gas. To better leverage the natural gas sector’s surplus in lighter hydrocarbon gases, CISTAR plans to build small, modular and mobile processing units for small well sites in rural areas.

2017 163

Hydrogenics to supply 1MW electrolyzer to project converting CO2 to methanol; Power-to-Gas

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CO 2 will be captured from the flue gases in a special downstream flue gas scrubber (Post-Combustion Capture, PCC). The hydrogen and captured carbon dioxide will then be catalytically converted into methanol, with a daily yield of approximately one ton of methanol using approximately 1.4 This project will use our most advanced PEM technology, developed specifically for utility-scale Power-to-Gas applications, and turn carbon dioxide into energy.

2015 234

Port of Corpus Christi, Howard announce to convert Javelina refinery services facility to blue hydrogen production

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The Port of Corpus Christi Authority (Port of Corpus Christi) and Howard Midstream Energy Partners, LLC (Howard/HEP) have executed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) stating their intention to convert Howard’s Javelina refinery services facility into the region’s first blue hydrogen production facility. This hydrogen is currently sold back to refineries and other industries where it is used to remove impurities such as sulfur during the refining process.

Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction partners with RevoTech on production of hydrogen from waste plastic

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Korea’s Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction has embarked on the development of technology for producing hydrogen using waste plastic and vinyl. Hydrogen gas turbines use either hydrogen or a hydrogen-natural gas mixture as fuel.

Waste 275

Chart Industries invests $25M for 5% stake in Transform Materials; strategic commercial hydrogen MOU

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Chart Industries Inc., a leading global manufacturer of liquefaction and cryogenic equipment serving multiple applications in the clean energy and industrial gas end markets, including hydrogen, has invested $25 million in Transform Materials for 5% of its equity.

European HYFLEXPOWER project to demo first integrated power-to-X-to-power hydrogen gas turbine

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The implementation of this project, the first industrial-scale power-to-X-to-power demonstrator with an advanced hydrogen turbine, will be launched at Smurfit Kappa PRF’s site—a company specialized in manufacturing recycled paper—in Saillat-sur-Vienne, France.

2020 333

EERC working with Fuel Cell Energy on $3.5M ARPA-E project for electrochemical cell to convert natural gas to methanol

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an integrated stationary fuel cell manufacturer, to develop a durable, low-cost, and high-performance electrochemical cell to convert natural gas and other methane-rich gas into methanol, a major chemical commodity with worldwide applications in the production of liquid fuels, solvents, resins, and polymers. Existing fuel cell technologies typically convert chemical energy from hydrogen into electricity during a chemical reaction with oxygen or some other agent.

2015 184

Researchers use chemical looping process to produce hydrogen from hydrogen sulfide gas

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Researchers at The Ohio State University have used a chemical looping process to produce hydrogen from hydrogen sulfide gas—commonly called “sewer gas”.

Australia’s Jemena to supply green hydrogen to Hyundai from 2021; Green Gas project

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Leading Australian energy infrastructure company Jemena has signed a new deal to supply Australia’s emerging zero emission vehicle industry with renewably generated green hydrogen. Jemena has committed, through a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Hyundai Australia and Coregas, to produce and deliver hydrogen gas to Hyundai’s Macquarie Park headquarters from early 2021. Australia Fuel Cells Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Storage Power-to-Gas

2020 260

Gevo awarded patent for process to upgrade or convert ethanol and bio-based alcohols to drop-in hydrocarbon fuels

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These fuels, when coupled with Gevo’s integrated-systems approach that includes regenerative agriculture and non-fossil-based renewable energy, could produce net-zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions over the lifecycle of the product. The combination of using decarbonized, plant-based alcohols, with our proprietary innovations to processing techniques known in the chemical industry can be a very powerful approach to dial-in the desired renewable hydrocarbon fuel product mix.

NREL refines method to convert lignin to nylon precursor

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A new study from the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) demonstrates the conversion of lignin-derived compounds to adipic acid, an important industrial dicarboxylic acid produced for its use as a precursor to nylon, plasticizers, lubricants, polyesters, and other popular products and chemicals. Muconic acid can then be separated from the biological culture and catalytically converted into adipic acid.

2015 293

Bloom Energy and Samsung Heavy Industries team up to build ships powered by solid oxide fuel cells running on natural gas

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Bloom Energy and Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI), a part of Samsung Group, today are collaborating to design and develop ships powered by Bloom Energy’s solid oxide fuel cell technology. SHI aims to be the first shipbuilder to deliver a large cargo ship for ocean operation powered by fuel cells running on natural gas. If the global marine shipping industry was a country, it would be the sixth-largest producer of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the world.

2019 235

Eni and BASF launch R&D initiative to convert bio-diesel byproduct to bio-propanol; drop-in component for gasoline

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The cooperation aims to develop a new technology to produce advanced bio-propanol from glycerin, a side stream of the production of industrial biodiesel (FAME, fatty acid methyl ester), that Eni will purchase from European producers. The bio-propanol offers the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 65 to 75% compared to fossil fuels. Eni and BASF have signed a strategic agreement on a joint R&D initiative to reduce the CO 2 footprint of the transportation sector.

Study finds copper catalysts work better at converting CO2 to renewable fuel when they gain and lose oxygen atoms

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Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and Caltech have found that copper that was once bound with oxygen is better at converting carbon dioxide into renewable fuels than copper that was never bound to oxygen.

2020 209

SwRI, UTSA seek to combine reverse water-gas shift and Fischer Tropsch synthesis in single reactor to produce low-carbon hydrocarbon fuels

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We’re seeing a rise in battery-powered passenger vehicles, but the high power demands of the aviation, locomotive, shipping, and long-haul trucking industries will continue to require energy-dense hydrocarbons for the foreseeable future. The first will react hydrogen with CO 2 to make carbon monoxide (CO) and the second will convert the CO and hydrogen, a blend known as synthesis gas or syngas, into liquid hydrocarbon fuel by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis.

Carbon 170

Natural Resources Canada invests $800K in G4 Insights project to convert forestry waste to renewable natural gas

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for the development of technology to convert forestry waste into renewable natural gas (RNG) that can be distributed through existing natural gas pipelines in Canada. G4 is developing and commercializing a proprietary PyroCatalytic Hydrogenation (PCH) process to produce a renewable drop-in replacement for fossil natural gas. G4 RNG can be produced on a distributed basis in forestry regions and delivered to end users through existing natural gas pipelines.

2017 150

PNNL team develops catalyst to convert ethanol into C5+ ketones as building blocks for high-value chemicals and fuels

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ZrO 2 catalyst that converts ethanol into C 5+ ketones that can serve as building blocks for everything from solvents to jet fuel. It then rapidly converts to products containing more than 70% C 5+ ketones. The catalyst can be used to make 2-pentanone and/or 2-heptanone, which are used in solvents for the electronics industry and are usually derived from petroleum. Scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) have developed a novel Pd?promoted promoted ZnO?ZrO

2020 175

BuG ReMeDEE project seeks to use extremophile bacteria to convert methane to biofuels, biopolymers and electricity

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Researchers from South Dakota School of Mines & Technology (SDSMT) are heading a project to to investigate methane cycling in deep and extreme environments and to develop new biological routes using previously unexplored and novel microorganisms from extreme environments for converting methane into value-added products such as liquid biofuels, biopolymers, and direct current electricity. The BuG ReMeDEE consortium includes industrial partners LanzaTech (US) and Bijson Innovations Pvt.

2018 163

Adamas: China rare earth consumption for catalytic converters down on weak passenger vehicle production

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Adamas Intelligence reports that according to the Association of China Rare Earth Industry (ACREI), China’s domestic manufacturers produced approximately 7.6 million liters of vehicle exhaust gas catalyst in the first half of 2019—a decrease of 13% year-over-year on weak passenger vehicle production. Rare earth consumption by oil refining industry up just 2% on back of slowing vehicle sales and ongoing electrification of transportation.

2019 161

DOE awards $25M to improve natural gas operations

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Department of Energy (DOE) selected 16 projects to receive nearly $25 million in federal funding for cost-shared projects to advance natural gas infrastructure technology development. These projects aim to develop tools, methods, and technologies to enhance cost-effectively the safety and efficiency of the US’ natural gas production, gathering, storage, and transmission infrastructure. The automobile industry deploys low-cost MPE sensors today to measure tailpipe emissions.

2020 174

Siluria Technologies announces successful start-up of first demo plant directly converting natural gas to ethylene through OCM

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This milestone marks the world’s first large-scale production of ethylene directly from natural gas through Oxidative Coupling of Methane (OCM). Siluria’s OCM technology is the first commercially viable process to directly convert natural gas to ethylene, a key building block for the global petrochemicals industry and a new basis from which to produce transportation fuels.

2015 191

Rice team demonstrates more efficient photocatalyst for converting ammonia to hydrogen

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Rice University nanoscientists have demonstrated a new catalyst that can convert ammonia into hydrogen fuel at ambient pressure using only light energy, mainly due to a plasmonic effect that makes the catalyst more efficient. The research comes as governments and industry are investing billions of dollars to develop infrastructure and markets for carbon-free liquid ammonia fuel that will not contribute to greenhouse warming.

2018 237

Siluria and Wood launch Modus: process technology to convert low-value offgas into high-octane, low-sulfur gasoline blendstock

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Siluria Technologies, developer of a catalytic oxidative coupling of methane (OCM) process to convert natural gas into liquid fuels or petrochemical building blocks ( earlier post ), and Wood, a leader in the delivery of project, engineering and technical services to energy and industrial markets, announced the availability of the Modus process technology for petroleum refiners. Modus is now available to customers worldwide under standard industry licenses.

2017 150

DOE awarding $3.0M cost-share contract to FuelCell Energy for solid oxide electrolyzer; converting excess electricity to H2

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is developing a solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) system to convert excess electricity during periods of low power demand into hydrogen efficiently. When power is needed, the hydrogen is cleanly and efficiently converted back into power using the same solid oxide system in fuel cell power generation mode. FuelCell Energy’s natural gas or biogas fueled SOFC technology generates industry-leading electrical efficiency of approximately 60%. FuelCell Energy, Inc.

2016 204

Roskill: Japanese steel industry is poised for a major downsizing in the years to come

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Nippon Steel’s announcement is the latest example of the challenges faced by the steel industry in developed economies, notes Roskill: overcapacity and environmental regulations. The Japanese steel industry has a total capacity of 130 Mtpy. Like its peers in Europe, the Japanese steel industry is facing overcapacity with dire prospects. Domestic demand is on a downward trend, in line with a falling demography, making the Japanese steel industry highly dependent on exports.

German power-to-gas facility opens green methanation plant; €28M STORE&GO project

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A methanation plant expansion to the existing power-to-gas (PtG) facility in Falkenhagen, Germany has officially opened as part of the international €28-million (US$33.5-million) STORE&GO research project. While the current facility feeds pure hydrogen (“WindGas”) directly into the gas grid, the new methanation plant provides for the generation of “green” methane. Moreover, it provides for unrestricted use of the natural gas infrastructure, including for transport and storage.

2018 222

ArcelorMittal and LanzaTech break ground on €150M project to convert blast furnace carbon emissions to ethanol

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Leading steel and mining company ArcelorMittal has begun construction of new premises at its site in Ghent, Belgium, to house a new installation which will convert carbon-containing gas from its blast furnaces into bioethanol. The technology in the gas conversion process, which utilizes microbes that feed on carbon monoxide to produce bioethanol, was developed by LanzaTech, with whom ArcelorMittal has entered a long-term partnership.

2018 200

ETH Zürich, Total team develops new catalyst to convert CO2 and H2 directly to methanol efficiently

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Scientists at ETH Zürich and oil and gas company Total have developed a new catalyst that efficiently converts CO 2 and hydrogen directly into methanol. The global economy still relies on the fossil carbon sources of petroleum, natural gas and coal, not just to produce fuel, but also as a raw material used by the chemical industry to manufacture plastics and countless other chemical compounds.

2019 174

Maritime industry players join forces to realize the decarbonization potential of solid oxide fuel cells

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Funded by a grant from Danish EUDP (Energy Technology Development and Demonstration Program), the partners will pursue a high-efficiency solution with the scalability to support marine industry decarbonization. Such alternatives are needed in the maritime industry, which must transition to greener power over just a few decades. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) targets a 50% reduction of vessel-related greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.

Clean Energy Fuels delivered 143M gallons of Redeem renewable natural gas in 2019, up 30% year-on-year

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Clean Energy Fuels Corp delivered 143 million gallons of Redeem Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) last year as robust sales of the carbon-neutral transportation fuel continued in 2019, closing out the year with significant deals throughout North America. Biomethane Fleets Natural Gas

2020 249

Dutch/Russian effort to commercialize new process to convert flared gas to gasoline via a DME pathway

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Topchiev Institute for Petrochemical Synthesis ( TIPS ) on marketing a new technology developed by TIPS to convert flared gases into hydrocarbon fuels such as gasoline. The conventional way to make gasoline from gas is to convert the gas to a synthesis gas, then into methanol, followed by conversion to straight-chain hydrocarbons and finally via reforming into a high-octane hydrocarbon blend. Flaring gas is a growing problem worldwide.

2013 199

GTI quantifies opportunity to produce low-carbon renewable natural gas (RNG) from wood wastes

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GTI has released a site-specific engineering design titled “ Low-Carbon Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) from Wood Wastes ”. GTI led a team of engineers and scientists to produce a blueprint for converting an existing biomass facility into an RNG production site, using the wood waste feedstock and some of the existing infrastructure. These companies are world experts in gasification, gas clean-up, and conversion technologies. Biomass Gasification Natural Gas

2019 234

Calysta Energy engineering organisms to convert methane to low-cost liquid hydrocarbons; BioGTL process

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Calysta is using its proprietary BioGTL biological gas-to-liquids platform to convert natural gas to liquid hydrocarbons. Calysta is applying its expertise in biocatalysis, synthetic biology and advanced bioengineering process design to develop bio-based processes (biological gas-to-liquids, BioGTL) that will operate more cheaply and efficiently than chemical processes. the largest US-based provider of synthetic genes for industrial and academic customers.

2012 196

Researchers ID structure of key intermediate in enzyme converting methane to methanol; potential for synthetic fuels

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MMO catalyzes the O 2 -dependent conversion of methane to methanol in methanotrophic bacteria, thereby preventing the emission into the atmosphere of approximately one billion tons of this potent greenhouse gas annually. Exploiting this extreme oxidizing potential is of great interest for bioremediation and the development of synthetic approaches to methane-based alternative fuels and chemical industry feedstocks, the authors noted in their paper, published in the journal Nature.

2015 185