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Photocatalytic optical fibers convert water into hydrogen

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Researchers at the University of Southampton have transformed optical fibers into photocatalytic microreactors that convert water into hydrogen fuel using solar energy. Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Solar Solar fuels

2020 307

Study finds direct seawater splitting has substantial drawbacks to conventional water splitting, offers almost no advantage

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A study by a team of researchers from Technische Universität Berlin (TUB) and Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft has found that direct seawater splitting for hydrogen production has substantial drawbacks compared to conventional water splitting and offers almost no advantage.

Water 394

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Lawrence Livermore publishes state-by-state energy/water Sankey diagrams

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For the first time, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has published state-by-state energy and water Sankey diagrams in one location so that analysts and policymakers can find all the information they need in one place. These diagrams depict energy use and water flow during the year 2010, the latest year for which comprehensive data is available. General location of energy and water categories. Fuels Market Background Power Generation Water

2018 204

PNNL team develops new low-cost method to convert captured CO2 to methane

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed a new method to convert captured CO 2 into methane, the primary component of natural gas. Different methods for converting CO 2 into methane have long been known. In addition to geologic production, methane can be produced from renewable or recycled CO 2 sources, and can be used as fuel itself or as an H 2 energy carrier.

Port of Corpus Christi, Howard announce to convert Javelina refinery services facility to blue hydrogen production

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The Port of Corpus Christi Authority (Port of Corpus Christi) and Howard Midstream Energy Partners, LLC (Howard/HEP) have executed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) stating their intention to convert Howard’s Javelina refinery services facility into the region’s first blue hydrogen production facility. Methane (CH 4 ) is in abundance at the Port of Corpus Christi due to direct connections to the Permian Basin and Eagle Ford Shale production fields.

Energy Vault to provide 1.6 GWh of gravity energy storage to support DG Fuels SAF projects

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Energy Vault, a company developing grid-scale gravity energy storage solutions, has entered into an energy storage system agreement with DG Fuels, a developer of renewable hydrogen and biogenic-based, synthetic sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and diesel fuel.

thyssenkrupp’s water electrolysis technology qualified as primary control reserve in Germany; hydrogen production for the electricity market

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thyssenkrupp’s proprietary water electrolysis technology for the production of. Earlier tests already demonstrated that our electrolysis plants can produce green hydrogen highly efficiently and with sufficient response speed and flexibility to participate in the energy balancing market. —Christoph Noeres, Head of the Energy Storage & Hydrogen unit at thyssenkrupp. In the following year the production of ammonia succeeded.

2020 270

New waste-to-hydrogen plant in Tokyo to convert wastewater sludge into H2 for vehicles and power generation

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and its shareholder and technical partner Japan Blue Energy Co. announced the completion of a facility in Tokyo that will convert sewage sludge into renewable hydrogen fuel for fuel cell mobility and power generation. This project is a collaboration of Japan Blue Energy Co.,

Waste 325

AW-Energy entering green hydrogen market with wave energy device

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AW-Energy Oy is entering the commercial hydrogen market by introducing a combined WaveRoller and HydrogenHub process for the production of green hydrogen. In AW-Energy’s concept, wave energy complements solar power production to enable large-scale green hydrogen.

Study finds the wettability of porous electrode surfaces is key to making efficient water-splitting or carbon-capturing systems

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As water-splitting technologies improve, often using porous electrode materials to provide greater surface areas for electrochemical reactions, their efficiency is often limited by the formation of bubbles that can block or clog the reactive surfaces. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Materials

Water 339

EU project HyFlexFuel converted sewage sludge and other biomasses into kerosene by hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL); SAF

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The production of HTL fuels from three different feedstock classes shows the flexibility of the process. Sustainability: The HTL technology has the potential to produce fuels with a low carbon footprint over the entire life cycle, without competing with food and feed production.

Cambridge researchers develop standalone device that makes formic acid from sunlight, CO2 and water

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Researchers at the University of Cambridge, with colleagues at the University of Tokyo, have developed a standalone device that converts sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into formic acid, a carbon-neutral fuel, without requiring any additional components or electricity.

2020 339

Oxford team directly converts CO2 to jet fuel using iron-based catalysts

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Researchers at the University of Oxford have developed a method to convert CO 2 directly into aviation fuel using a novel, inexpensive iron-based catalyst. Jet fuel can then be obtained from the products after industrially recognized treatments such as distillation or hydro-isomerization.

2020 400

New efficient, low-temperature catalyst for converting water and CO to hydrogen and CO2

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Scientists in the US and China have developed a new low-temperature catalyst for producing high-purity hydrogen gas while simultaneously using up carbon monoxide (CO) via the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction. The WGS reaction (CO+H 2 O = H 2 +CO 2 ) is an essential process for hydrogen generation and CO removal in various energy-related chemical operations. Its synergy with adjacent Mo sites in α-MoC can effectively activate water at low temperature.

2017 174

New $30M ARPA-E program to produce renewable liquid fuels from renewable energy, air and water

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The US Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) announced up to $30 million in funding for a new program for technologies that use renewable energy to convert air and water into cost-competitive liquid fuels. ( ARPA-E’s Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-dense Liquids (REFUEL) program seeks to develop technologies that use renewable energy to convert air and water into Carbon Neutral Liquid Fuels (CNLF).

2016 194

New hybrid photocatalyst for highly efficient hydrogen production from water

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Researchers at the University of Central Florida, with colleagues at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Tsinghua University, developed a new hybrid nanomaterial—a nonmetal plasmonic MoS 2 @TiO 2 heterostructure—for highly efficient photocatalytic H 2 generation from water. Typical catalysts are able to convert only a limited bandwidth of light to energy. Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Nanotech Solar fuels

2017 161

Exeter team develops low-cost photoelectrode for spontaneous water-splitting using sunlight

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The nanostructured photoelectrode results in spontaneous hydrogen evolution from water without any external bias applied with a faradaic efficiency of 30% and excellent stability. A promising way of storing solar energy is via chemical fuels, in particular hydrogen as it is considered as a future energy carrier. The greatest challenge is to develop a suitable technology for large scale and cost effective solar fuel production to compete with fossil fuel.

2018 274

New MOF material captures and converts NO2

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The NO 2 can then be easily converted into nitric acid, a multi-billion dollar industry with uses including agricultural fertilizer for crops; rocket propellant and nylon. The highly efficient mechanism in this new MOF was characterized by researchers using neutron scattering and synchrotron X-ray diffraction at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Berkeley National Laboratory, respectively.

2019 170

Bloom Energy and Idaho National Laboratory to test use of nuclear generation to power solid-oxide electrolyzer for H2 production

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Bloom Energy announced an agreement with Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to test the use of nuclear energy to produce clean hydrogen through Bloom Energy’s solid-oxide, high-temperature electrolyzer. First announced in July 2020, Bloom Energy’s electrolyzer converts water (or steam) into hydrogen and oxygen. —Venkat Venkataraman, EVP and chief technology officer, Bloom Energy. Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Nuclear Power Generation

Idaho 179

Researchers propose testing standards for particulate photocatalysts in solar fuel production

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Utilization of renewable solar energy is crucial for addressing the global energy and environmental concerns and achieving sustainable development. Efficiency accreditation and testing protocols for particulate photocatalysts toward solar fuel production.

Graforce plasma electrolysis for efficient generation of hydrogen from industrial waste water; partnering with Audi

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Berlin-based Graforce Hydro GmbH, the developer of a plasma electrolyzer—the Plasmalyzer —is applying its technology for the highly efficient generation of hydrogen from industrial waste water. The technology not only converts wastewater pollutants into valuable energy, but also reduces emissions (CO 2 , CO, HC) by 30 to 60 percent. The current Plasmalyzer offers highly efficient water splitting. Only purified water and oxygen remain as waste products.

2018 228

Double-duty catalyst generates hydrogen fuel while cleaning up wastewater

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Herein, we are aiming to construct a dual-functional photocatalyst system which can degrade pollutants and simultaneously split water to generate hydrogen. Finally, the team tested their product on real wastewater, water from a river in China and deionized water samples.

Clean 222

Researchers develop wave-energy-driven CO2 reduction system for production of carbon-based liquid fuels

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Schematic of the ocean-wave-driven electrochemical CO 2 RR system for liquid fuel production. This type of TENG is more cost-effective compared to conventional EMG-based wave energy converters.

2019 311

Toshiba integrated hydrogen energy system starts operation at Toranomon Hills Business Tower in Tokyo

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H2One allows for maximum use of the solar power system by converting and storing unstable solar power, which varies depending on the time of day and weather, into hydrogen, and supplies it as electric power on demand. Fuel Cells Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Japan Power Generation

2020 391

Berkeley team develops host-guest nanowires for efficient water splitting and solar energy storage

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The team reports on their host-guest system of Ta:TiO 2 |BiVO 4 as a photoanode for use in solar water splitting cells in an open-access paper in the journal ACS Central Science. The host–guest nanowire architecture allows for simultaneously high light absorption and carrier collection efficiency for efficient solar water oxidation. Harnessing energy from sunlight is a means of meeting the large global energy demand in a cost-effective and environmentally benign manner.

2016 174

New catalyst supports ultra-low-temperature water-gas-shift reaction for hydrogen production

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Researchers from China and the US have synthesized gold layered clusters on an α-MoC substrate to create an interfacial catalyst system for the ultra-low-temperature water-gas shift (WGS) reaction for the production of high-purity hydrogen and concomitant utilization of carbon monoxide (CO). Its synergy with adjacent Mo sites in α-MoC can effectively activate water at low temperature. Catalysts Hydrogen Hydrogen Production

2017 150

CalSEED awards $4.2M to early-stage clean energy innovations

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The California Sustainable Energy Entrepreneur Development (CalSEED) program announced that the fourth cohort of innovative clean energy concepts has been approved by the California Energy Commission (CEC); 28 companies out of 212 were selected to receive grants of $150,000 each. This technology could reduce electricity/energy bills, pollution from power plants, risks of blackouts, the need for new power plants, and pollution from power plant generation.

2020 290

Harvard hybrid “bionic leaf” converts solar energy to liquid fuel isopropanol

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Scientists from a team spanning Harvard University’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard Medical School and the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University have developed a scalable, integrated bioelectrochemical system that uses bacteria to convert solar energy into a liquid fuel. Renewable-fuels generation has emphasized water splitting to produce hydrogen and oxygen. Local energy would be attractive in the developing world.

2015 254

Converting wastepaper to biocrude and hydrogen

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Biocrude compounds, product gas and reaction pathways from APR of wastepaper at 250 °C in presence of 5 wt % Ni(NO 3 ) 2 catalyst. A paper on their work is published in the ACS journal Energy & Fuels. The product gas showed a maximum of about 0.2 wt % biocrude production. Production of paper products is expected to increase to 4.6 × 10 8 tonnes by 2015, a 28% increased from 2005 levels, the authors noted. Energy & Fuels doi: 10.1021/ef302171q.

2013 237

Researchers split water by altering photosynthetic machinery in plants; semi-artificial photosynthesis

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A new study, led by academics at St John’s College, University of Cambridge, has used semi-artificial photosynthesis to explore new ways to produce and store solar energy. They used natural sunlight to convert water into hydrogen and oxygen using a mixture of biological components and manmade technologies. Natural photosynthesis stores sunlight in chemical energy carriers, but it has not evolved for the efficient synthesis of fuels, such as H 2.

2018 190

Berkeley Lab nanoscale imaging study yields key insights into photo-electrochemical water splitting

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In the quest to realize artificial photosynthesis to convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into fuel—just as plants do—researchers need to not only identify materials to efficiently perform photoelectrochemical water splitting, but also to understand why a certain material may or may not work. —Francesca Toma, corresponding author and a researcher in the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, a Department of Energy Innovation Hub.

2018 207

NREL researchers capture excess photon energy to produce solar fuels; higher efficiency water-splitting for H2

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Scientists at the US Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have developed a proof-of-principle photoelectrochemical cell (PEC) capable of capturing excess photon energy normally lost to generating heat. The advancement could significantly boost the production of hydrogen from sunlight by using the cell to split water at a higher efficiency and lower cost than current photoelectrochemical approaches.

2017 150

Chevrolet Performance previews eCrate package in converted 1977 K5 Blazer EV

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At SEMA360, Chevrolet will showcase a 1977 K5 Blazer converted to all-electric propulsion. To convert the 1977 K5 Blazer, the team first removed from the Blazer the original 175-horsepower, 400 cubic-inch (6.55-liter) V-8, three-speed automatic, fuel system and exhaust.

2020 209

Gevo awarded patent for process to upgrade or convert ethanol and bio-based alcohols to drop-in hydrocarbon fuels

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Gevo has received a patent from the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) for a process that encompasses upgrading ethanol and bio-based alcohols into drop-in, bio-based diesel and jet-fuel products. water, lower alcohols such as C 2 -C 8 alcohols) in the feed stream. This creates an opportunity for Gevo to diversify ethanol production to help meet increasing demand for renewable diesel and jet fuel.

Stanford team sets record for solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of solar water splitting: >30%

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Researchers at Stanford University have demonstrated solar water splitting by photovoltaic-electrolysis with a solar-to-hydrogen (STH) efficiency of more than 30%—a new record. The system consists of two polymer electrolyte membrane electrolyzers in series with one InGaP/GaAs/GaInNAsSb triple-junction solar cell, which produces a large-enough voltage to drive both electrolyzers with no additional energy input. Hydrogen Production Solar Solar fuels

2016 241

NREL refines method to convert lignin to nylon precursor

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A new study from the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) demonstrates the conversion of lignin-derived compounds to adipic acid, an important industrial dicarboxylic acid produced for its use as a precursor to nylon, plasticizers, lubricants, polyesters, and other popular products and chemicals. Muconic acid can then be separated from the biological culture and catalytically converted into adipic acid.

2015 293

Boeing partners with South African Airways to convert Solaris energy tobacco into jet fuel

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Solaris energy tobacco is optimized for seed production for energy applications, not leaf production. Boeing, South African Airways (SAA) and SkyNRG are collaborating to make sustainable aviation biofuel from Solaris, a new hybrid tobacco plant optimized for seed production for energy applications. Solaris maximizes the production of flowers and seeds to the detriment of the leaves production, and biomass for biogas production.

2014 237

Electrochemical Haber-Bosch process for ammonia production; 50% the CO2 and 25% the energy

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Ammonia, produced via the Haber-Bosch (HB) process, is globally the leading chemical in energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. In ammonia plants, hydrogen is generated by steam-methane reforming (SMR) and water-gas shift (WGS) and, subsequently, is purified for the high-pressure ammonia synthesis. Hydrogen extraction from the reforming compartment enhances the thermodynamically limited methane conversions, whereas 5%–14% of the pumped protons are converted to ammonia.

2019 238

University of Utah engineers develop fast method to convert algae to biocrude

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The new kind of jet mixer extracts lipids from algae with much less energy than the older extraction method, a key discovery that now puts this form of energy closer to becoming a viable, cost-effective alternative fuel. Even as electrified vehicles penetrate the short distance transportation market, high energy density transportation fuels remain essential to long distance transportation. However, scalable high energy density alternatives to fossil fuels remain challenging.

2019 232

KIST team develops membrane reactor system to produce pure H2 from ammonia with high productivity

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Researchers at the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) have developed a steam-carrier-adopted composite membrane reactor system to produce pure H 2 (>99.99%) from ammonia with high productivity (>0.35 Membrane reactor for production of H 2 from NH 3.

2020 307

Rice team demonstrates plasmonic hot-electron solar water-splitting technology; simpler, cheaper and efficient

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Researchers at Rice have demonstrated an efficient new way to use solar energy for water splitting. Structure and mechanism of operation of plasmonic photocathode for plasmon-mediated direct electron injection to drive solar-to-chemical energy conversion. (a) a) Plasmonic photocathode for solar water splitting, consisting of plasmonic nanoparticles in direct contact with water, p-NiO x as an electron blocking layer, and aluminum as the electrode material. (b)

2015 229

Researchers devise photochemical process to convert bio-acetone to green jet fuel additive

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Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), with colleagues at Yale University, have developed a photochemical process to convert acetone derived from plants (bio-acetone) into a mixture of polycyclic alkanes, the high energy density of which is appropriate for high-perfomance aviation applications. A paper on the work appears in the RSC journal Sustainable Energy Fuels.

2020 179

New catalysts enable photocatalytic version of water gas shift reaction for H2 production

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Politécnica de Valencia (Spain) have found that noble metal nanoparticles supported on titanium dioxide or cerium dioxide can catalyze the industrially important water gas shift (WGS) reaction for hydrogen production at ambient temperatures using visible light irradiation. An open access paper on their discovery is published in the RSC journal Energy and Environmental Science. Energy Environ. Catalysts Hydrogen Production Solar Researchers at the Univ.

2013 170