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Lawrence Livermore publishes state-by-state energy/water Sankey diagrams

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For the first time, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has published state-by-state energy and water Sankey diagrams in one location so that analysts and policymakers can find all the information they need in one place. These diagrams depict energy use and water flow during the year 2010, the latest year for which comprehensive data is available. General location of energy and water categories. Fuels Market Background Power Generation Water

2018 204

PNNL team develops new low-cost method to convert captured CO2 to methane

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed a new method to convert captured CO 2 into methane, the primary component of natural gas. Different methods for converting CO 2 into methane have long been known. In addition to geologic production, methane can be produced from renewable or recycled CO 2 sources, and can be used as fuel itself or as an H 2 energy carrier.

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DOE awards $27.5M to 16 water infrastructure projects

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) is awarding $27.5 million to 16 water infrastructure projects. Modern technology has the potential to reduce energy use in aging water infrastructure, particularly in wastewater treatment, which demands up to 2% of domestic electricity use each year. These projects, operating in 13 states, have the potential to reduce carbon emissions and water-treatment costs while improving water quality and equity of distribution nationwide.

Water 170

DOE releases report on water-energy nexus

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) released a new report that frames an integrated challenge and opportunity space around the water-energy nexus for DOE and its partners and lays the foundation for future efforts. Present day water and energy systems are tightly intertwined. Water is used in all phases of energy production and electricity generation. A hybrid Sankey diagram shows the magnitude of energy and water flows on a national scale.

Water 210

SwRI, UTSA seek to combine reverse water-gas shift and Fischer Tropsch synthesis in single reactor to produce low-carbon hydrocarbon fuels

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We’re seeing a rise in battery-powered passenger vehicles, but the high power demands of the aviation, locomotive, shipping, and long-haul trucking industries will continue to require energy-dense hydrocarbons for the foreseeable future. The first will react hydrogen with CO 2 to make carbon monoxide (CO) and the second will convert the CO and hydrogen, a blend known as synthesis gas or syngas, into liquid hydrocarbon fuel by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis.

Carbon 170

AW-Energy entering green hydrogen market with wave energy device

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AW-Energy Oy is entering the commercial hydrogen market by introducing a combined WaveRoller and HydrogenHub process for the production of green hydrogen. In AW-Energy’s concept, wave energy complements solar power production to enable large-scale green hydrogen.

Oxford team directly converts CO2 to jet fuel using iron-based catalysts

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Researchers at the University of Oxford have developed a method to convert CO 2 directly into aviation fuel using a novel, inexpensive iron-based catalyst. Fe 5 C 2 by CO 2 /water in the first hours of the catalytic reaction.

2020 400

thyssenkrupp’s water electrolysis technology qualified as primary control reserve in Germany; hydrogen production for the electricity market

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thyssenkrupp’s proprietary water electrolysis technology for the production of. Earlier tests already demonstrated that our electrolysis plants can produce green hydrogen highly efficiently and with sufficient response speed and flexibility to participate in the energy balancing market. —Christoph Noeres, Head of the Energy Storage & Hydrogen unit at thyssenkrupp. In this way we are making our contribution to building a stable and sustainable cross-sector energy system.

2020 270

Study finds the wettability of porous electrode surfaces is key to making efficient water-splitting or carbon-capturing systems

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As water-splitting technologies improve, often using porous electrode materials to provide greater surface areas for electrochemical reactions, their efficiency is often limited by the formation of bubbles that can block or clog the reactive surfaces.

Water 339

Energy Vault to provide 1.6 GWh of gravity energy storage to support DG Fuels SAF projects

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Energy Vault, a company developing grid-scale gravity energy storage solutions, has entered into an energy storage system agreement with DG Fuels, a developer of renewable hydrogen and biogenic-based, synthetic sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and diesel fuel.

New efficient, low-temperature catalyst for converting water and CO to hydrogen and CO2

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Scientists in the US and China have developed a new low-temperature catalyst for producing high-purity hydrogen gas while simultaneously using up carbon monoxide (CO) via the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction. The WGS reaction (CO+H 2 O = H 2 +CO 2 ) is an essential process for hydrogen generation and CO removal in various energy-related chemical operations. Its synergy with adjacent Mo sites in α-MoC can effectively activate water at low temperature.

2017 174

New MOF material captures and converts NO2

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The NO 2 can then be easily converted into nitric acid, a multi-billion dollar industry with uses including agricultural fertilizer for crops; rocket propellant and nylon. The highly efficient mechanism in this new MOF was characterized by researchers using neutron scattering and synchrotron X-ray diffraction at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Berkeley National Laboratory, respectively.

2019 170

Port of Corpus Christi, Howard announce to convert Javelina refinery services facility to blue hydrogen production

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The Port of Corpus Christi Authority (Port of Corpus Christi) and Howard Midstream Energy Partners, LLC (Howard/HEP) have executed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) stating their intention to convert Howard’s Javelina refinery services facility into the region’s first blue hydrogen production facility.

Audi opens power-to-gas facility in Werlte/Emsland; e-gas from water, green electricity and CO2

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Audi’s e-gas plant. Audi has opened its e-gas plant in Werlte, making it the first automobile manufacturer to develop a chain of sustainable energy carriers. The Audi e-gas plant, which can convert 6MW of input power, utilizes renewable electricity for electrolysis to produce oxygen and hydrogen. Components of the e-gas plant. The Audi e-gas plant will produce about 1,000 metric tons of e-gas per year, chemically binding some 2,800 metric tons of CO 2.

2013 244

UW Madison chemists discover new way to harness energy from ammonia

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A research team at the University of Wisconsin–Madison has identified a new way to convert ammonia to nitrogen gas through a process that could be a step toward ammonia replacing carbon-based fuels. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy (DOE).

KIT team produces synthetic natural gas from waste wood; used in natural gas vehicles

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Researchers from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have successfully produced renewable methane from a biomass-based synthesis gas mixture in their pilot plant for methanation using a new honeycomb catalyst. The quality of this synthetic natural gas (SNG) is comparable to that of fossil natural gas and can be used as fuel in cogeneration and heating plants as well as in cars or trucks. Biogas facilities produce renewable gas mainly by fermenting biological waste.

2018 221

NREL refines method to convert lignin to nylon precursor

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A new study from the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) demonstrates the conversion of lignin-derived compounds to adipic acid, an important industrial dicarboxylic acid produced for its use as a precursor to nylon, plasticizers, lubricants, polyesters, and other popular products and chemicals. Muconic acid can then be separated from the biological culture and catalytically converted into adipic acid.

2015 293

New catalyst supports ultra-low-temperature water-gas-shift reaction for hydrogen production

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Researchers from China and the US have synthesized gold layered clusters on an α-MoC substrate to create an interfacial catalyst system for the ultra-low-temperature water-gas shift (WGS) reaction for the production of high-purity hydrogen and concomitant utilization of carbon monoxide (CO). Its synergy with adjacent Mo sites in α-MoC can effectively activate water at low temperature.

2017 150

Gevo awarded patent for process to upgrade or convert ethanol and bio-based alcohols to drop-in hydrocarbon fuels

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water, lower alcohols such as C 2 -C 8 alcohols) in the feed stream. These fuels, when coupled with Gevo’s integrated-systems approach that includes regenerative agriculture and non-fossil-based renewable energy, could produce net-zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions over the lifecycle of the product.

Graforce plasma electrolysis for efficient generation of hydrogen from industrial waste water; partnering with Audi

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Berlin-based Graforce Hydro GmbH, the developer of a plasma electrolyzer—the Plasmalyzer —is applying its technology for the highly efficient generation of hydrogen from industrial waste water. Mixing in biogas produces hydrogen-enriched compressed natural gas (HCNG)—a cost-effective, environmentally friendly fuel for vehicles that also generates electricity and heat. The current Plasmalyzer offers highly efficient water splitting.

2018 228

Solar-to-Hydrogen Water Splitter Outlasts Next Best Tech By 14x

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To split water into hydrogen on a large scale, we need technologies that are sustainable, efficient, scalable and durable. Hydrogen today comes primarily from natural gas, which pumps out a lot of carbon and methane pollution into the atmosphere.

Solar 87

Converting wastepaper to biocrude and hydrogen

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Biocrude compounds, product gas and reaction pathways from APR of wastepaper at 250 °C in presence of 5 wt % Ni(NO 3 ) 2 catalyst. A paper on their work is published in the ACS journal Energy & Fuels. The product gas showed a maximum of about 0.2 The researchers decided to explore the potential for converting wastepaper to fuels. In addition to biocrude, aqueous phase biomass reforming is also capable of generating high energy density fuel, H 2 (143 MJ/kg).

2013 237

Primus Green Energy, partner commission FEED study on new GTL plant; gasoline the end product

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Primus Green Energy Inc., along with a global petrochemical company as a joint venture partner, has commissioned a Front End Engineering and Design (FEED) study with IHI E&C International Corporation for a first of its kind natural gas-to-gasoline plant in Texas. Liquid/Gas Separation.

2019 195

NREL researchers capture excess photon energy to produce solar fuels; higher efficiency water-splitting for H2

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Scientists at the US Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have developed a proof-of-principle photoelectrochemical cell (PEC) capable of capturing excess photon energy normally lost to generating heat. The advancement could significantly boost the production of hydrogen from sunlight by using the cell to split water at a higher efficiency and lower cost than current photoelectrochemical approaches.

2017 150

MIT researchers advancing development of supercritical water upgrading of heavy crude; lower cost, energy use and CO2

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Findings by MIT researchers could help advance the commercialization of supercritical water technology for the desulfurization and upgrading of high-sulfur crude oil into high-value, cleaner fuels such as gasoline without using hydrogen—a major change in refining technology that would reduce costs, energy use, and CO 2 emissions. Moreover, heat recovery can be performed in compact and efficient liquid-liquid heat exchangers, thereby further improving system energy balance. …

2015 210

German power-to-gas facility opens green methanation plant; €28M STORE&GO project

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A methanation plant expansion to the existing power-to-gas (PtG) facility in Falkenhagen, Germany has officially opened as part of the international €28-million (US$33.5-million) STORE&GO research project. While the current facility feeds pure hydrogen (“WindGas”) directly into the gas grid, the new methanation plant provides for the generation of “green” methane. Moreover, it provides for unrestricted use of the natural gas infrastructure, including for transport and storage.

2018 222

Berkeley Lab nanoscale imaging study yields key insights into photo-electrochemical water splitting

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In the quest to realize artificial photosynthesis to convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into fuel—just as plants do—researchers need to not only identify materials to efficiently perform photoelectrochemical water splitting, but also to understand why a certain material may or may not work. —Francesca Toma, corresponding author and a researcher in the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, a Department of Energy Innovation Hub.

2018 207

DOE awards $25M to improve natural gas operations

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Department of Energy (DOE) selected 16 projects to receive nearly $25 million in federal funding for cost-shared projects to advance natural gas infrastructure technology development. DOE’s Office of Fossil Energy will provide federal funding for these projects. These projects aim to develop tools, methods, and technologies to enhance cost-effectively the safety and efficiency of the US’ natural gas production, gathering, storage, and transmission infrastructure.

2020 174

Siluria Technologies announces successful start-up of first demo plant directly converting natural gas to ethylene through OCM

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This milestone marks the world’s first large-scale production of ethylene directly from natural gas through Oxidative Coupling of Methane (OCM). Siluria’s OCM technology is the first commercially viable process to directly convert natural gas to ethylene, a key building block for the global petrochemicals industry and a new basis from which to produce transportation fuels. The oxidative coupling of methane (OCM) converts methane into ethane and ethylene (C 2 hydrocarbons).

2015 191

Sasol, GE develop new anaerobic microbial technology for cleaning of Fischer-Tropsch waste water; boosting gas-to-liquids (GTL) value proposition

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Sasol and General Electric (GE: NYSE)’s GE Power & Water have together developed new technology that will clean waste water from Fischer-Tropsch plants used to produce synthetic fuels and chemicals, while also providing biogas as a by-product for power generation. Traditional (aerobic) treatment technologies treat this effluent by converting the organics to carbon dioxide. The waste produced is a methane-rich bio-gas which can then be used for power generation.

2013 185

NCSU team develops catalyst for thermal hybrid water-splitting and syngas generation with exceptional conversion; H2 gas and liquid fuels

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Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a highly effective new perovskite-promoted iron oxide redox catalyst for a hybrid solar-redox scheme they had proposed earlier for partial oxidation and water-splitting of methane. In a paper published in the RSC journal Energy & Environmental Science , Feng He and Fanxing Li report that the new material—lanthanum strontium ferrite (La 0.8

2015 179

SoCalGas & UC Irvine show power-to-gas technology able to boost use of intermittent renewable energy significantly

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Southern California Gas Co. SoCalGas) announced that new research on power-to-gas technology shows the technique holds the ability to significantly increase the use of intermittent renewable energy. Preliminary research findings, announced this week at UCI’s International Colloquium on Environmentally Preferred Advanced Generation (ICEPAG), demonstrated that the campus microgrid could increase the portion of renewable energy it uses from 3.5%

2017 163

New catalysts enable photocatalytic version of water gas shift reaction for H2 production

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Politécnica de Valencia (Spain) have found that noble metal nanoparticles supported on titanium dioxide or cerium dioxide can catalyze the industrially important water gas shift (WGS) reaction for hydrogen production at ambient temperatures using visible light irradiation. An open access paper on their discovery is published in the RSC journal Energy and Environmental Science. Currently, most hydrogen is produced via the steam reforming of natural gas, hydrocarbons and coal.

2013 170

ETH Zürich, Total team develops new catalyst to convert CO2 and H2 directly to methanol efficiently

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Scientists at ETH Zürich and oil and gas company Total have developed a new catalyst that efficiently converts CO 2 and hydrogen directly into methanol. The global economy still relies on the fossil carbon sources of petroleum, natural gas and coal, not just to produce fuel, but also as a raw material used by the chemical industry to manufacture plastics and countless other chemical compounds.

2019 174

Toshiba integrated hydrogen energy system starts operation at Toranomon Hills Business Tower in Tokyo

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H2One allows for maximum use of the solar power system by converting and storing unstable solar power, which varies depending on the time of day and weather, into hydrogen, and supplies it as electric power on demand.

2020 391

CalSEED awards $4.2M to early-stage clean energy innovations

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The California Sustainable Energy Entrepreneur Development (CalSEED) program announced that the fourth cohort of innovative clean energy concepts has been approved by the California Energy Commission (CEC); 28 companies out of 212 were selected to receive grants of $150,000 each. This technology could reduce electricity/energy bills, pollution from power plants, risks of blackouts, the need for new power plants, and pollution from power plant generation.

2020 290

Primus Green Energy produces 100-octane gasoline at commercial demonstration gas-to-liquids plant; improvement to STG+ technology

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Primus Green Energy Inc., a gas-to-liquids (GTL) technology and solutions company that transforms methane and other hydrocarbon gases into gasoline and methanol ( earlier post ), has successfully produced 100-octane gasoline at its commercial demonstration plant in Hillsborough, New Jersey. The Primus Gas-to-Gasoline STG+ process consists of three steps: Steam Methane Reforming. Liquid/Gas Separation. Fuels Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) High Octane Fuels

2016 183

PNAS study finds Vertimass CADO efficient way to convert ethanol to biohydrocarbons; 40 to 96% reduction in GHGs, based on feedstock

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Block flow diagram illustrating (top) water removal from wet ethanol vapor above the feed tray to produce pure fuel grade ethanol or (bottom) CADO of the same wet ethanol to fungible blendstocks. —Argonne energy systems analyst Pahola Thathiana Benavides, co-author.

2019 209

Evonik and Siemens launch phase 2 of Rheticus: butanol, hexanol from CO2 and water using renewable electricity and bacteria

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The goal is to develop an efficient and powerful test plant that will use carbon dioxide and water as well as electricity from renewable sources and bacteria to produce specialty chemicals. The first unit comprises two electrolyzers which convert H 2 O and CO 2 to H 2 and CO. These product gases together with excess CO 2 are fed to the second unit, the gas fermenter, in which C. Special microorganisms then convert the CO in the gases synthesized in this way into chemicals.

2019 163

G2X Energy and EMRE sign methanol to gasoline technology license and license option agreements; plans for $1.3B natural gas to gasoline plant

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G2X Energy, Inc., a developer of natural gas to gasoline projects, entered into a licensing agreement to use ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company’s (EMRE’s) methanol-to-gasoline (MTG) technology ( earlier post ) in the development of a world-scale natural gas to gasoline project. G2X Energy is the first to secure a long term multi-site agreement with EMRE for natural gas based methanol to gasoline projects. Lake Charles natural gas to gasoline facility.

2013 237

Researchers develop high-rate, high-yield bacterial process to convert methane to methanol

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mg COD/L (COD = chemical oxygen demand, an indirect measurement of organic compounds in water) of CH 3 OH was produced within an incubation time of 7 h—approximately 10x the yield obtained previously using pure cultures of Nitrosomonas europaea. There are intense efforts globally to develop biobased fuels, chemicals, and energy. Methanol is commonly produced from natural gas, by chemical catalysis. Biomethane Biotech Methanol Natural GasCartoon of the process.

2013 221

Study: Energy sorghum may combine best of annual, perennial bioenergy crops

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Now, a study by researchers at the US Department of Energy (DOE) Center for Advanced Bioenergy and Bioproducts Innovation (CABBI) has found that energy sorghum ( Sorghum bicolor ) behaves more like miscanthus in the way it efficiently captures light and uses water to produce abundant biomass. The researchers conducted ecosystem-scale comparisons of carbon, nitrogen, water, and energy fluxes of Sorghum bicolor with maize and Miscanthus x.

Energy 260

Power-to-gas trial to inject hydrogen into Australia’s gas grid; A$5M award to AquaHydrex

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The Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) announced a trial for a new type of electrolyzer which could see excess renewable energy stored in the gas grid and used to decarbonize Australia’s gas supply. On behalf of the Australian Government, ARENA has provided A$5 million (US$4 million) in funding to Wollongong-based AquaHydrex to develop commercially its new class of electrolyzer to produce cheap hydrogen from splitting water.

2017 150