Ariel researchers develop new type of hydrogen generator with sodium borohydride for on-demand use

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Hydrogen is produced in a catalytic hydrolysis reaction of sodium borohydride (NaBH 4 ) with ruthenium powder as a catalyst. The system consists of two main chambers: an upper chamber with granulated sodium borohydride powder and a lower reaction chamber with a solution of water and catalyst.

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Ceramatec licensing molten sodium technology for heavy oil upgrading; removing the need for diluent for bitumen

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Flowchart of Molten Sodium Upgrading process. A new company, Field Upgrading (Calgary, Alberta), has been formed dedicated to developing and commercializing the Molten Sodium Upgrading (MSU) technology. The MSU process involves mixing elemental molten sodium and small quantities of hydrogen or methane to reduce significantly the levels of sulphur, metals, TAN (total acid number) and asphaltenes in heavy oil feedstocks, including oil sands bitumen.

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Caltech engineers devise new thermochemical cycle for water splitting for H2; recyclable, non-toxic, non-corrosive and at lower temperatures

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The thermochemical production of hydrogen and oxygen from water via a series of chemical reactions is of interest because it directly converts thermal energy into stored chemical energy (hydrogen and oxygen), and thus can take advantage of excess heat given off by other processes. Research on thermochemical water splitting cycles largely began in the 1960s and 1970s and involved nuclear reactors and solar collectors as the energy sources, the team notes in their paper.

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Researchers Develop Lithium-Water Electrochemical Cell for the Controlled Generation of H2 and Electricity

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Schematic representation and operating principles of the lithium–water electrochemical cell used for hydrogen generation: (1) external circuit and (2) inside of lithium–water electrochemical cell. Scientists from the Energy Technology Research Institute, AIST in Tsukuba, Japan, have developed a lithium-water electrochemical cell for the controlled generation of hydrogen and electricity. sea water) by using sunlight.

2010 167

Mangrove raises $3M from BDC Capital to accelerate deployment of battery-grade lithium processing systems

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The platform technology is also being commercialized for conversion of waste brines to chemicals and desalinated water. The Mangrove technology is derivative of the company’s original focus on the treatment of produced water.

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Researchers convert atmospheric CO2 to carbon nanofibers and nanotubes for use as anodes in Li-ion and Na-ion batteries

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Researchers from George Washington University and Vanderbilt University have demonstrated the conversion of atmospheric CO 2 into carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for use as high-performance anodes in both lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries. The conversion process builds upon the solar thermal electro-chemical process (STEP) introduced by GWU Professor Stuart Licht and his colleagues in 2009. Batteries Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC

2016 190

Electrolyzed Water for More Efficient Fuel Production from Ethanol Waste Products

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Using electrolyzed water rather than harsh chemicals could be a more effective and environmentally friendly method in the pretreatment of ethanol waste products to produce an acetone-butanol-ethanol fuel mix, according to research conducted at the University of Illinois. Feng, a University of Illinois food scientist, has been using electrolyzed water in his lab to kill bacteria such as E.

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New oxygenate additive for diesel fuels from glycerol

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Researchers from Tatung and National Cheng Kung Universities in China, and Case Western Reserve University in Ohio, report manufacturing a new oxygenate additive for diesels (bio or petroleum) using glycerol (a major byproduct of biodiesel production), dimethyl sulfate (DMS), and sodium hydroxide pellets as raw materials. By feeding the dimethyl sulfate into the batch reactor containing the sodium glycerate, a semi-batch mode operation enhanced the effective methylation of glycerol.

2011 186

Zytek Shows Electric A-Class Demonstrator with Uprated 55kW E-Drive; Developed in 10 Weeks

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The 55kW E-Drive fits neatly onto the existing engine mounting points with just three additional connections (water, high voltage electrics and low voltage electrics). Power is provided by two air-cooled sodium nickel chloride battery packs, integrated under the floor of the vehicle so they don’t compromise luggage space or vehicle stability. Tags: Conversions Electric (Battery) Motors

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NSF to award $13M for fundamental engineering research on production of electricity and fuels

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Current topics of interest include: Biomass Conversion, Biofuels & Bioenergy. Advanced systems such as lithium-air, sodium-ion, as well as lithium-ion electrochemical energy storage are appropriate.

2015 180

Jervois to acquire SMP nickel & cobalt refinery in Brazil; concentrate from Idaho for refining, cobalt metal back to US

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CBA has also undertaken a scoping study with a leading international engineering firm specializing in base metal refineries, to assess the potential conversion of the facility to nickel sulfate production, for modest capital expenditure.

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DOE awarding >$24M to 77 projects through Technology Commercialization Fund

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Low Cost Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing of Reusable Sorbents for Energy and Water Industries, $150,000 Qualification of SAS4A/SASSYS-1 for Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Authorization and Licensing, $674,484 Advanced Reactor Concepts LLC, Chevy Chase, Md. Neutron Spectrum Generator, $75,000 Rapid Field Chemical Detection and Determination of Actinides, $42,500 Switchable Solvent Water Extraction for Material Processing and Isolation, $150,000 Trevi Systems Inc.,

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Brown Chemists Develop Process to Simplify Waste Vegetable Oil to Biodiesel Process, Chart Progress of Transesterification Reaction

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Two chemists at Brown University have streamlined the conversion of waste vegetable oil (WVO) into biodiesel, eliminating the need for corrosive chemicals to perform the reactions. In a paper published in the RSC journal Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry , the chemists describe the waste vegetable oil-to-biodiesel conversion in a single reaction vessel using environmentally friendly catalysts and making the conversion six times faster than current methods.

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NSF to award up to $13M for fundamental work on sustainable production of electricity and transportation fuels

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Current interest areas in sustainable energy technologies are as follows: Biomass Conversion, Biofuels & Bioenergy. Advanced systems such as lithium-air, sodium-ion, as well as lithium-ion with new cathode chemistries are appropriate.

2013 200

JBEI team develops new one-pot process to extract biomass sugars from ionic liquid solutions

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The new approach, described in an open access paper in the journal Biotechnology for Biofuels , potentially could significantly reduce costs of sugar production from lignocellulose by eliminating the need for costly enzymes and decreasing the water consumption requirements. However, easily liberating the sugars and other monomers from cellulosic biomass for conversion is one of the major challenges to the cost-effectiveness of cellulosic pathways.

2013 207

CO2-neutral hydrogen storage with a bicarbonate/formate system

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Most importantly, after full conversion of the formate, the bicarbonate solution may be recharged with hydrogen to close the cycle. Bicarbonates are a component of many natural stones and are also commonly used as baking powder or sherbet (sodium bicarbonate, NaHCO 3 ). to sodium formate in 96% yield at 70 °C in water/THF without additional CO 2. Dehydrogenation of sodium formate was achieved with high conversion (> 90 %) under ambient temperature (30 °C).

2011 180

Researchers develop all-weather solar cell that generates power from rain as well as from sun

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The new solar cell can be excited by incident light on sunny days and raindrops on rainy days, yielding an optimal solar-to-electric conversion efficiency of 6.53% under AM 1.5 Raindrops are not pure water; they contain salts that dissociate into positive and negative ions. The positively charged ions, including sodium, calcium, and ammonium ions, can bind to the graphene surface.

2016 183

MIT and Moscow State collaborating on advanced batteries, metal-air batteries and reversible fuel/electrolysis cells

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Other work focuses on sodium as an earth-abundant alternative to lithium, but while it could lower cost, sodium ions also carry just a single charge. A solid oxide fuel cell-electrolysis thrust aims to optimize conversion efficiency between chemical and electrical energy, lower operating temperatures to increase the lifetime of these devices, and bring down costs.

2015 209

Researchers develop new catalysts for a direct Fischer-Tropsch to olefins (FTO) process

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Researchers in the Netherlands have demonstrated the direct conversion of synthesis gas through a Fischer-Tropsch process to C 2 through C 4 light olefins with selectivity up to 60 wt.% using catalysts that constitute iron nanoparticles (promoted by sulfur plus sodium) homogeneously dispersed on weakly interactive ?-alumina The team formulated and tested their supported and bulk Fe catalysts in the FT reaction initially at 1 bar and 350°C at low CO conversion (0.5

2012 229

200 Years Ago, Faraday Invented the Electric Motor

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He had discovered sodium, potassium, and several compounds and invented the. While reconstructing Ørsted's experiments, Faraday was not entirely convinced that electricity acted like a fluid, running through wires just as water runs through pipes. In 1820, the Danish physicist.

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ARPA-E awards $55M to 18 projects in two new programs: TERRA for transportation energy and GENSETS for distributed generation

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The program will encourage systems that couple large-scale physical and genetic characterization with advanced algorithms in order to accelerate the year-over-year yield gains of traditional plant breeding and the discovery of crop traits that improve water productivity, nutrient use and our ability to mitigate greenhouse gases. By making CHP affordable for home use, this heat can be used for water and home heating, reducing the residents’ energy costs.

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ARPA-E Awards $151M to 37 Projects for Transformative Energy Research

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Water (1 project). Eagle Picher, in partnership with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, will develop a new generation of high energy, low cost planar liquid sodium beta batteries for grid scale electrical power storage applications. RTI International will work with ADM, Albemarle and ConocoPhillips to develop a novel single-step catalytic biomass pyrolysis process with high carbon conversion efficiency to produce stable bio-crude oil with low oxygen content. WATER.

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