Ariel researchers develop new type of hydrogen generator with sodium borohydride for on-demand use

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Hydrogen is produced in a catalytic hydrolysis reaction of sodium borohydride (NaBH 4 ) with ruthenium powder as a catalyst. The system consists of two main chambers: an upper chamber with granulated sodium borohydride powder and a lower reaction chamber with a solution of water and catalyst.

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Phillips 66 progressing its conversion of California refinery to renewable fuels

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In April, the company completed the diesel hydrotreater conversion, which will ramp up to 8,000 bbl/d (120 million gallons per year) of renewable diesel production by the third quarter of 2021. Subject to permitting and approvals, full conversion of the refinery is expected in early 2024.

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Stanford team develops efficient electrochemical cells for CO2 conversion

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The electrochemical cells created by Kanan and his team combat these inefficiencies with a modified design that produces a concentrated stream of ethylene gas and a sodium acetate solution 1,000 times more concentrated than product obtained with previous cells. 1 ), low cell voltages, and high single-pass CO conversion, leading directly to concentrated product streams. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC

2018 195

Vanderbilt researchers find iron pyrite quantum dots boost performance of sodium-ion and Li-ion batteries

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nm, average) of iron pyrite (FeS 2 ) nanoparticles are advantageous to sustain reversible conversion reactions in sodium ion and lithium ion batteries. In the paper, they reported reversible capacities of more than 500 and 600 mAh/g for sodium and lithium storage for ultrafine nanoparticles, along with improved cycling and rate capability. Researchers at Vanderbilt University have demonstrated that ultrafine sizes (∼4.5

2015 195

PG&E, Calif. Energy Commission launch 4MW sodium-sulfur grid storage pilot in San Jose

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Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) and the California Energy Commission today unveiled a utility-scale sodium-sulfur battery energy storage system ( earlier post ) pilot project to better balance power needs of the electric grid. S&C Electric Company is the engineering, procurement and construction contractor for the project and supplied the storage management system and power conversion equipment that control the battery’s AC input/output and its interface with the electric grid.

Ceramatec licensing molten sodium technology for heavy oil upgrading; removing the need for diluent for bitumen

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Flowchart of Molten Sodium Upgrading process. A new company, Field Upgrading (Calgary, Alberta), has been formed dedicated to developing and commercializing the Molten Sodium Upgrading (MSU) technology. The MSU process involves mixing elemental molten sodium and small quantities of hydrogen or methane to reduce significantly the levels of sulphur, metals, TAN (total acid number) and asphaltenes in heavy oil feedstocks, including oil sands bitumen.

2013 179

RAL proposes new efficient and low-cost process to crack ammonia for hydrogen using sodium amide; transportation applications

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RAL researchers are proposing a new process for the decomposition of ammonia to release hydrogen that involves the stoichiometric decomposition and formation of sodium amide from Na metal. The new process decomposes ammonia using the concurrent stoichiometric decomposition and regeneration of sodium amide (NaNH 2 ) via sodium metal (Na); this is a significant departure in reaction mechanism compared with traditional surface catalysts.

2014 185

New 3-step process for conversion of kraft lignin from black liquor into green diesel

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Researchers in Sweden and Spain have devised a three-step process for the conversion of precipitated kraft lignin from black liquor into green diesel. The process produces a toxic byproduct referred to as black liquor—a primarily liquid mixture of pulping residues (such as lignin and hemicellulose) and inorganic chemicals from the Kraft process (sodium hydroxide and sodium sulfide, for example).

2016 224

Advances in the conversion efficiency of thermoelectric materials

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The high thermoelectric figure of merit is expected to enable the conversion of 14% of heat waste to electricity. The team experimentally achieved concurrent phonon blocking and charge transmitting via the endotaxial placement of SrTe (strontium telluride) nanocrystals at concentrations as low as 2% incorporated in a PbTe (lead telluride, a well-known thermoelectric material for use in the temperature range 400-900 K) matrix doped with Na 2 Te (sodium telluride).

2011 200

Researchers convert atmospheric CO2 to carbon nanofibers and nanotubes for use as anodes in Li-ion and Na-ion batteries

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Researchers from George Washington University and Vanderbilt University have demonstrated the conversion of atmospheric CO 2 into carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for use as high-performance anodes in both lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries. The conversion process builds upon the solar thermal electro-chemical process (STEP) introduced by GWU Professor Stuart Licht and his colleagues in 2009. Batteries Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC

2016 190

Mangrove raises $3M from BDC Capital to accelerate deployment of battery-grade lithium processing systems

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The platform technology is also being commercialized for conversion of waste brines to chemicals and desalinated water. Canada-based Mangrove Lithium closed a $3-million financing from BDC Capital’s Cleantech Practice.

Sodium 209

Sandia progressing to demo stage with supercritical CO2 Brayton-cycle turbines; up to 50% increase in efficiency of thermal-to-electric conversion

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Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) researchers are progressing to the demonstration phase of a supercritical CO 2 (S-CO 2 ) Brayton-cycle turbine system for power generation, with the promise that thermal-to-electric conversion efficiency will be increased as much as 50% for nuclear power stations equipped with steam turbines, or 40% for simple gas turbines. Simple diagram of the heated un-recuperated supercritical CO 2 Brayton loop. Source: Wright et al. Click to enlarge.

2011 192

EPA opens door to consider Carbon Capture and Utilization as part of new Clean Power Plan; algae industry locks on

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EPA cited the Skyonics Skymine project as an example of captured CO 2 being used in the production of carbonate products—in this case, sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate. Algae Algal Fuels Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Climate Change Regulations

2015 210

Researchers develop rechargeable hybrid-seawater fuel cell; highly energy density, stable cycling

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Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) in Korea and Karlsruher Institute of Technology in Germany have developed a novel energy conversion and storage system using seawater as a cathode. Sodium can serve as an alternative to lithium in rechargeable batteries as the reversible storage mechanisms for sodium ions are very similar (e.g., an alloying material), in full sodium-ion configuration.

2014 236

UNSW team develops bio-inspired catalytic approach to chemical reduction for production of fuels and chemicals

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In industry, molecular hydrogen and reactive reagents such as sodium borohydride are used as reducing agents during the production of pharmaceuticals, agrichemicals and ammonia for fertiliser. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts FuelsScientists at the University of New South Wales (Australia) have developed a new bio-inspired method for carrying out chemical reduction—an industrial process used to produce fuels and chemicals.

2013 214

New oxygenate additive for diesel fuels from glycerol

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Researchers from Tatung and National Cheng Kung Universities in China, and Case Western Reserve University in Ohio, report manufacturing a new oxygenate additive for diesels (bio or petroleum) using glycerol (a major byproduct of biodiesel production), dimethyl sulfate (DMS), and sodium hydroxide pellets as raw materials. By feeding the dimethyl sulfate into the batch reactor containing the sodium glycerate, a semi-batch mode operation enhanced the effective methylation of glycerol.

2011 191

Chevron invests in Prussian Blue battery tech company Natron Energy; stationary storage for EV charging stations

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Natron Energy , a developer of new battery cell technology based on Prussian Blue analogue electrodes and a sodium-ion electrolyte, has closed a strategic investment by Chevron Technology Ventures (CTV) to support the development of stationary energy storage systems for demand charge management at electric vehicle (EV) charging stations. Prussian blue dye, commonly used in blueprints, stores and releases energy in the form of sodium ions.

2019 239

Researches developed EV batteries that store 6 times more charge than common ones 

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The research team which was led by Stanford chemistry Professor Hongjie Dai and doctoral candidate Guanzhou Zhu developed a new alkali metal-chlorine battery that relies on the back-and-forth chemical conversion of sodium chloride (Na/Cl2) or lithium chloride (Li/Cl2) to chlorine.

Store 63

Isfahan University of Tech team reports new efficient pretreatment method for rice straw to boost yield of cellulosic ethanol

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Researchers at Isfahan University of Technology (Iran) report the efficient production of cellulosic ethanol from rice straw using a new sodium carbonate pretreatment method. Rice straw was treated with sodium carbonate (Na 2 CO 3 )prior to enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation. and 1 M sodium carbonate solution. Amin Salehi, Keikhosro Karimi, Tayebeh Behzad, and Nafiseh Poornejad (2012) Efficient Conversion of Rice Straw to Bioethanol Using Sodium Carbonate Pretreatment.

2012 196

Zytek Shows Electric A-Class Demonstrator with Uprated 55kW E-Drive; Developed in 10 Weeks

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Power is provided by two air-cooled sodium nickel chloride battery packs, integrated under the floor of the vehicle so they don’t compromise luggage space or vehicle stability. Tags: Conversions Electric (Battery) Motors The 55kW E-Drive fits neatly onto the existing engine mounting points with just three additional connections (water, high voltage electrics and low voltage electrics). Click to enlarge.

Zytek 170

SciAps introducing family of handheld analyzers for in-field analysis of lithium and rare earth elements

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Conversely, while LIBS (laser) technology can analyze every element in the periodic table, for many transition and heavy elements, HHXRF offers superior analytical performance and is easier to use.

Sodium 222

ORNL-led team uses carbon material derived from tire waste to convert used cooking oil to biofuel

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In previous ORNL studies, carbon powders have proven useful in developing lithium-ion, sodium-ion and potassium-ion batteries and supercapacitors. The patent-pending, waste oil-to-biofuel conversion adds a new approach to waste tire recycling initiatives. Paranthaman (2017) “Novel Acid Catalysts from Waste-Tire-Derived Carbon: Application in Waste–to-Biofuel Conversion” Chemistry Select 2, 4975 doi: 10.1002/slct.201700869.

2017 150

NSF to award $13M for fundamental engineering research on production of electricity and fuels

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Current topics of interest include: Biomass Conversion, Biofuels & Bioenergy. Advanced systems such as lithium-air, sodium-ion, as well as lithium-ion electrochemical energy storage are appropriate.

2015 184

Brown Chemists Develop Process to Simplify Waste Vegetable Oil to Biodiesel Process, Chart Progress of Transesterification Reaction

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Two chemists at Brown University have streamlined the conversion of waste vegetable oil (WVO) into biodiesel, eliminating the need for corrosive chemicals to perform the reactions. In a paper published in the RSC journal Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry , the chemists describe the waste vegetable oil-to-biodiesel conversion in a single reaction vessel using environmentally friendly catalysts and making the conversion six times faster than current methods.

2010 185

Jervois to acquire SMP nickel & cobalt refinery in Brazil; concentrate from Idaho for refining, cobalt metal back to US

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CBA has also undertaken a scoping study with a leading international engineering firm specializing in base metal refineries, to assess the potential conversion of the facility to nickel sulfate production, for modest capital expenditure.

2020 232

Caltech engineers devise new thermochemical cycle for water splitting for H2; recyclable, non-toxic, non-corrosive and at lower temperatures

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The first thing postdoctoral scholar and lead author Bingjun Xu and graduate student Yashodhan Bhawe did was to perform a thermodynamic analysis demonstrating that it is unlikely, if not impossible, to split water with a two-step cycle where there is complete conversion between the oxidized and reduced forms at below 1,000 °C. NaMnO 2 (sodium manganate) at 850 °C; oxidation of MnO in the presence of Na 2 CO 3 by water to produce H 2 , CO 2 , and ?-NaMnO

2012 185

Peugeots Electric Partner Origin Venturi van; Zebra battery pack

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kWh ‘Zebra’ (Sodium nickel chloride) battery pack and a 42 kW (peak) electric motor with maximum torque of 173 N·m (128 lb-ft). The electrical conversion, recommended by the Marque, is ensured by Venturi with a guarantee of 3 years or 30,000 km. Peugeot earlier this year began marketing a new battery-electric version of its Partner Origin van, the Electric Partner Origin Venturi. This Venturi-powered fully-electric version retains the practical features.

2010 161

Lund researchers develop optimized two-phase enzymatic process for production of biodiesel

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Researchers at Lund University (Sweden) have developed an optimized two-phase enzymatic (lipase) system for the conversion of plant oils to biodiesel. The current predominant method for the transesterification of triglycerides (plant and animal oils and fats) to biodiesel (a mixture of esters) uses chemical catalysts (sodium or potassium hydroxides or alkoxides).

2015 185

DOE awarding >$24M to 77 projects through Technology Commercialization Fund

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Low Cost Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing of Reusable Sorbents for Energy and Water Industries, $150,000 Qualification of SAS4A/SASSYS-1 for Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Authorization and Licensing, $674,484 Advanced Reactor Concepts LLC, Chevy Chase, Md. Novel chemical looping process for conversion of natural gas to pure hydrogen, $150,000 CanmetENERGY, Ottawa, Canada Glowink Inc.,

2019 210

CO2-neutral hydrogen storage with a bicarbonate/formate system

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Most importantly, after full conversion of the formate, the bicarbonate solution may be recharged with hydrogen to close the cycle. Bicarbonates are a component of many natural stones and are also commonly used as baking powder or sherbet (sodium bicarbonate, NaHCO 3 ). to sodium formate in 96% yield at 70 °C in water/THF without additional CO 2. Dehydrogenation of sodium formate was achieved with high conversion (> 90 %) under ambient temperature (30 °C).

2011 185

NSF to award up to $13M for fundamental work on sustainable production of electricity and transportation fuels

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Current interest areas in sustainable energy technologies are as follows: Biomass Conversion, Biofuels & Bioenergy. Advanced systems such as lithium-air, sodium-ion, as well as lithium-ion with new cathode chemistries are appropriate.

2013 204

200 Years Ago, Faraday Invented the Electric Motor

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He had discovered sodium, potassium, and several compounds and invented the. Faraday didn't work directly with Davy and Wollaston on their experiments, but he did overhear a conversation between them and understood the direction of their work. In 1820, the Danish physicist.

Davis 114

Sigma-Aldrich and Ilika Technologies collaborate to scale-up and commercialize boron hydride hydrogen-storage materials

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These methods consume a significant percentage of the energy content in their compression and conversion and both raise safety concerns. Other materials of interest for hydrogen storage are ammonia borane, which releases ~ 13% of hydrogen in two steps at temperatures exceeding 100° C; and lithium and sodium borohydrides, which are capable of an irreversible hydrogen release in aqueous solutions in the presence of metal catalysts.

2011 179

Researchers Develop Lithium-Water Electrochemical Cell for the Controlled Generation of H2 and Electricity

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Although direct chemical reactions between water and certain metals—alkali metals including lithium, sodium and others—can produce a large amount of hydrogen in a short time, these reactions are too intense to be controlled. the high-school chemistry demonstration of the violent reaction between sodium and water.). Nevertheless, they note that hydrogen generation by the lithium–water electrochemical cell is controllable, and may be directly applied for energy conversion devices.

2010 170

Researchers develop new catalysts for a direct Fischer-Tropsch to olefins (FTO) process

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Researchers in the Netherlands have demonstrated the direct conversion of synthesis gas through a Fischer-Tropsch process to C 2 through C 4 light olefins with selectivity up to 60 wt.% using catalysts that constitute iron nanoparticles (promoted by sulfur plus sodium) homogeneously dispersed on weakly interactive ?-alumina The team formulated and tested their supported and bulk Fe catalysts in the FT reaction initially at 1 bar and 350°C at low CO conversion (0.5

2012 234

Researchers develop all-weather solar cell that generates power from rain as well as from sun

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The new solar cell can be excited by incident light on sunny days and raindrops on rainy days, yielding an optimal solar-to-electric conversion efficiency of 6.53% under AM 1.5 The positively charged ions, including sodium, calcium, and ammonium ions, can bind to the graphene surface. While many technical advances have made solar cells more efficient and affordable, a disadvantage remains in the fact that solar cells produce no power when it’s raining.

2016 183

NETL investigating researching chemistries for large-scale battery- and supercapacitor-based grid energy storage systems

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This includes research on appropriate anodes, cathodes, and electrolytes for magnesium (Mg)-, sodium (Na)-, and lithium (Li)-based batteries and novel transition metal oxide- and nitride-based supercapacitor electrode materials. Sodium is another element that is less expensive than lithium. In transition metal oxide electrode materials, NETL has produced single-crystalline metal oxide nanoarrays that would be highly suitable for energy conversion and storage devices.

2011 184

MIT and Moscow State collaborating on advanced batteries, metal-air batteries and reversible fuel/electrolysis cells

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Other work focuses on sodium as an earth-abundant alternative to lithium, but while it could lower cost, sodium ions also carry just a single charge. A solid oxide fuel cell-electrolysis thrust aims to optimize conversion efficiency between chemical and electrical energy, lower operating temperatures to increase the lifetime of these devices, and bring down costs.

2015 214

JBEI team develops new one-pot process to extract biomass sugars from ionic liquid solutions

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Many recent research and development efforts for cellulosic biofuels have explored a two-step bioconversion process involving: 1) liberation of fermentable sugars from lignocellulose; and 2) conversion of sugars into fuels and/or chemicals by fermentation. However, easily liberating the sugars and other monomers from cellulosic biomass for conversion is one of the major challenges to the cost-effectiveness of cellulosic pathways.

2013 210

PNNL study outlines requirements for grid storage, reviews four electrochemical energy storage systems: vanadium redox flow, Na-beta, Li-ion and lead-carbon

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published in the ACS journal Chemical Reviews , reviews in detail four stationary storage systems considered the most promising candidates for electrochemical energy storage: vanadium redox flow; sodium-beta alumina membrane; lithium-ion; and lead-carbon batteries. Sodium-beta alumina membrane battery. Sodium-beta alumina batteries (SBBs) reversibly charge and discharge electricity via sodium ion transport across a β" -Al 2 O 3.

2011 200

Researchers use CaO catalyst to produce biodiesel/monoglyceride blend; avoiding waste glycerol

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The resulting blend exhibits properties similar to conventional biodiesel, while reducing waste and improving conversion. Biodiesel is produced from vegetable oils or animal fats via a transesterification reaction with a short chain alcohol and a basic catalyst such as sodium or potassium methoxide.

2014 203

Haldor Topsøe ECO-Jet wins award; reducing soot, HC and heavy metal emissions from ships powered by bunker fuel

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The ECO-Jet process also removes other harmful substances from the exhaust of engines using bunker fuel, for instance poisonous hydrocarbons and metals including vanadium, iron, nickel, silicon and sodium. According to Topsøe Senior Scientist Keld Johansen, while ships could sail on environmentally friendly marine fuel with a sulfur content less than 0.1%, such conversion is still much too expensive: For many years now, the ship industry has discussed using environmentally friendly fuel.

2014 170

Hydro-Québec and Technifin form partnership to license lithium titanate spinel oxide (LTO) technologies for Li-ion battery applications

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Zaghib currently serves as Administrator of the energy storage and conversion unit at Hydro-Québec. In particular, CSIR pioneered the discovery and early development of high-temperature sodium-metal chloride (“Zebra”) batteries and was an early creator of intellectual property that was core to the international commercialization of rechargeable lithium-ion batteries.