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ORNL team devises electrocatalyst for direct conversion of CO2 into ethanol with high selectivity; pushing the combustion reaction in reverse

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The researchers’ initial analysis suggests that the spiky textured surface of the catalysts provides ample reactive sites to facilitate the carbon dioxide-to-ethanol conversion. Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Emissions Ethanol

2016 30

U of I study: synthetic fuels via CO2 conversion and FT not currently economically & environmentally competitive

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The potential WTG CO 2 emission reduction with low carbon grid electricity indicates the potential role electrochemical CO conversion can play in low carbon liquid fuel when the electricity grid is highly renewable or decarbonized. Resources.

2016 26

US Navy demos recovery of CO2 and production of H2 from seawater, with conversion to liquid fuel; “Fuel from Seawater”

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Researchers at the US Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), Materials Science and Technology Division have demonstrated novel NRL technologies developed for the recovery of CO 2 and hydrogen from seawater and their subsequent conversion to liquid fuels.

2014 33

Researchers show mixotrophic fermentation process improves carbon conversion, boosting yields and reducing CO2

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One way to mitigate high feedstock cost is to maximize conversion into the bioproduct of interest. This maximization, though, is limited because of the production of CO 2 during the conversion of sugar into acetyl-CoA in traditional fermentation processes. Resources.

2016 33

NEC, NEC TOKIN and Tohoku University develop spin-Seebeck thermoelectric device w/ 10x better conversion efficiency

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Thermoelectric conversion technology that converts energy abandoned as waste heat back to electric power is strongly anticipated to be used for saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Resources.

2016 28

NREL team identifies major metabolic pathway in cyanobacteria for efficient conversion of CO2; better biofuels and bioproducts

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Scientists from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have discovered that a metabolic pathway previously only suggested to be functional in photosynthetic organisms is actually a major pathway and can enable efficient conversion of carbon dioxide to organic compounds. From a basic science point of view, this is a major pathway that has a potentially important function in regulating photosynthetic energy conversion. Resources.

2015 35

New catalytic system for conversion of CO2 to methanol shows much higher activity than others now in use

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CH 3 OH conversion not seen over a Cu-Zn alloy. Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Fuels Methanol

California ARB clears XL Hybrids for hybrid van conversions in California; unit on sale

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has received California Air Resources Board (CARB) Executive Order (EO) #D-731-1 allowing aftermarket conversions of gasoline-powered 2012-2014 model year General Motors 2500 and 3500 vans, Chevrolet Express and GMC Savana vans into hybrid electric vehicles. XL Hybrids, Inc.

SOLAR-JET project demonstrates solar-driven thermochemical conversion of CO2 and water to jet fuel

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The solar-to-fuel energy conversion efficiency, defined as the ratio of the calorific value of CO (fuel) produced to the solar radiative energy input through the reactor’s aperture and the energy penalty for using inert gas was 1.73% averaged over the whole cycle. Resources.

Solar 12

New inexpensive catalyst for conversion of CO2 to CO could help with storage of renewable energy

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As such, development of Bi-based cathodes for conversion of CO 2 to CO would represent an important development for the fields of CO 2 electrocatalysis and renewable energy conversion. Used in conjunction with ionic liquids, it effected the electrocatalytic conversion of CO 2 to CO with appreciable current density at overpotentials below 0.2 Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Power Generation

NREL enzyme enables conversion of biomass to sugar up to 14x faster than current alternatives; changing the economics of conversion

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Scientists at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have developed an enzyme that can enable the conversion of biomass to sugars up to 14 times faster and more cheaply than competing catalysts in enzyme cocktails today. Resources.

2015 14

New ceramic membrane enables first direct conversion of methane to liquids without CO2 emissions

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Nonoxidative methane dehydroaromatization (MDA: 6CH 4 ↔ C 6 H 6 + 9H 2 ) using shape-selective Mo/zeolite catalysts is a key technology for exploitation of stranded natural gas reserves by direct conversion into transportable liquids. Resources.

USDA provides $91M loan guarantee to Cool Planet for biogasoline blendstock plant; biomass pyrolysis and catalytic conversion

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Cool Planet has devised a biomass-to-liquids thermochemical conversion process that simultaneously produces liquid fuels and sequesterable biochar useful as a soil amendment. One of the catalytic conversion processes creates the high-octane gasoline blendstock. Resources.

2014 28

Bath team develops simpler to prepare and effective catalyst for conversion of CO and CO2 to longer chain hydrocarbons

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Researchers at the University of Bath (UK) have developed a new carbon nanotube (CNT)-based iron catalyst for the simplified conversion of CO and CO 2 to longer chain hydrocarbons. The well-known Fischer-Tropsch process for the conversion of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide has been explored by researchers around the world. To date, methods have typically required the use of one catalyst to create the carbon support for the conversion process. Resources.

Researchers suggest approach for boosting Li-S performance; conversion of Li2S to sulfur without polysulfides

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We demonstrate that the direct conversion of Li 2 S to sulfur occurs if a high overvoltage is applied, while formation of polysulfides only occurs as a back-reaction of the Li 2 S with solution based sulfur species. Resources.

New $30M ARPA-E program to develop new solar conversion and storage technologies; targeting higher solar penetration in mix

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The primary goal of this funding opportunity ( DE-FOA-0000949 ) is to provide disruptive new solar conversion and storage technology options to enable a much higher penetration of solar energy generation into the US energy mix. Novel approaches to high T solar conversion.

Taiwan’s ITRI introduces cellulosic bio-butanol production technology; pathway with highest carbon conversion yield

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ButyFix uses a three-step process: (1) the hydrolysis of cellulose and hemicellulose to release sugars; (2) fermentation of the sugars to produce butyrate; and (3) the chemical conversion of butyrate via esterification and hydrogenation to butanol. Resources.

Double catalyst for the direct conversion of syngas to lower olefins

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The first step in such a process would involve the conversion of these materials into syngas through either gasification or steam reforming. An alternative method is the conversion of synthesis gas in two process steps. Resources.

Researchers develop co-catalyst system for lower cost conversion of CO2 to CO; syngas for synfuels

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A team from the University of Illinois and startup Dioxide Materials has developed an electrocatalytic system for the reduction of CO 2 to CO—a key component of artificial photosynthesis and thus an enabler for the conversion of CO 2 to synthetic fuels—at overpotentials below 0.2

MIT researchers devise simple catalytic system for fixation and conversion of CO2

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reacts with triethylsilane in acetonitrile under an atmosphere of CO 2 to produce formate (69% isolated yield) together with silylated molybdate (quantitative conversion to [MoO 3 (OSiEt 3 )] ? , Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Catalysts Researchers at MIT have devised a simple, soluble metal oxide system to capture and transform CO 2 into useful organic compounds.

DIY Electric Car Wiki - A Tremendous Conversion Resource

DIY Electric Car

Some of the members here will find this obvious but I've spoken with several people recently who had no idea that we have such a fantastic resource built up. For those of you who don't know, we have an electric car conversion wiki which has tons of info for beginners and pros. It's the same one as the link on the top right of the page, but I admit, our site design is a little weak so I'm not terribly surprised that it gets overlooked. Hey, it's all about the content, right?

On the road to solar fuels and chemicals

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One such connects a photovoltaic (PV) to a separate electrolyzer with catalysts that drive the necessary conversion reactions (PV/electrolysis). Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Materials Solar Solar fuels

2016 16

Researchers argue that the optimal use of biomass as a renewable resource is for production of select chemicals, not power, heat or fuels

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Biomass differs from the other renewable resources, they note, since the energy it contains is stored as chemical bonds. The chemical characteristics of biomass and many bulk chemicals are also very similar, so the processes should be more economical than those for the conversion into fuels.

No Li, Lithium Will Power SUVs

Hybrid SUV Blog

Conversely, using a battery pack of lithium-ion batteries of the same weight as their nickel-metal hydride counterpart could significantly increase the amount of electricity an SUV could store. Hybrid ResourcesWill Your Next SUV have Lithium-ion Batteries?

No Li, Lithium Will Power SUVs

Hybrid SUV Blog

Conversely, using a battery pack of lithium-ion batteries of the same weight as their nickel-metal hydride counterpart could significantly increase the amount of electricity an SUV could store. Hybrid ResourcesWill Your Next SUV have Lithium-ion Batteries?

Linde pilot testing dry reforming process to generate syngas from CO2 and methane for production of fuels and chemicals

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Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Fuels Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) Natural GasAs part of its R&D strategy, Linde has built a pilot reformer facility at Pullach near Munich—Linde’s largest location worldwide—to test dry-reforming technology.

Kits 20

Elemental boron effective photothermocatalyst for the conversion of CO2 for fuels and chemicals

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Our study confirms the highly promising potential of a photothermocatalytic strategy for the conversion of CO2 and potentially opens new vistas for the development of other solar-energy-driven reaction systems. Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Emissions Fuels

Field trials with genetically modified poplars shows potential for efficient conversion to sugars but with impact on biomass yield

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Resources. Ethanol yield (g/L) for the Belgian and French field trials. Van Acker et al. Click to enlarge.

Light over heat: UV-driven rhodium nanoparticles catalyze conversion of CO2 to methane

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Duke University researchers have engineered rhodium nanoparticles that can harness the energy in ultraviolet light and use it to catalyze the conversion of carbon dioxide to methane, a key building block for many types of fuels. Resources.

New one-pot methanol-mediated process for conversion of wood and cellulosic solids to liquid fuels

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Researchers at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) have developed a one-pot process for the catalytic conversions of wood and cellulosic solids to liquid and gaseous products in a reactor operating at 300–320 °C and 160-220 bar. There have been two types of approaches conventionally considered for the conversion of woody biomass to liquid fuels, Matson et al. Resources. Overview of the process. Click to enlarge.

S. Korean researchers develop new catalytic pathway for direct conversion of CO2 to liquid hydrocarbon fuels

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Proposed carbon capture and utilization (CCU) system based on catalytic CO 2 conversion to liquid hydrocarbon fuels with hydrogen supplied from solar water splitting. Hence, this report focuses on the catalytic CO 2 -to-liquid fuel conversion (CO 2 FT synthesis) with renewable H 2.

A Conversation

Revenge of the Electric Car

This is a shame because we have the intelligence and renewable resources to do much better Below is an interview with Director Chris Paine and Journalist Robert Steadman with UK-based Blue and Green Tomorrow : ROB: Was it difficult to gain behind the scenes access to the auto industry after the first film? Was there a level of distrust among the execs? CHRIS: Yes. It took time and there was distrust on all sides at different times.

Comparative genome study finds ancestral fungus may have influenced end of coal formation; potential resource for biofuel production

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The ability of white rot fungi to decay lignin may ultimately be used to help address the challenge of freeing plant carbohydrates for conversion into biofuels via fermentation processes. Resources. Scanning electron micrograph of wood being decayed by the white rot fungus.

Global Bioenergies plans to acquire Dutch start-up Syngip; gaseous carbon feedstocks for renewable isobutene process

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Global Bioenergies, the developer of a process to convert renewable resources into light olefin hydrocarbons via fermentation (with an initial focus on isobutene) ( earlier post ), signed a contribution agreement with the shareholders of Syngip B.V. Syngip’s acquisition would greatly accelerate the development of a third-generation isobutene process based on the use of such resources, an aim that has been part of Global Bioenergies’ strategy for several years.

Novozymes and Sea6Energy collaborating on the conversion of seaweed to sugars for production of fuels and chemicals

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Novozymes will research, develop, and manufacture enzymes for the conversion process, while Sea6 Energy contributes its offshore seaweed cultivation technology. In addition, Sea6 Energy is also pioneering approaches to fermenting the sugars derived from seaweed to produce fuel in a manner that requires minimal use of fresh water resources. Novozymes’ Indian arm will work closely with Sea6 Energy to develop the conversion technology.

India 11

Study for European Parliament assesses options for turning CO2 into methanol for use in transport

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The conclusions in the form of policy options suggest possible answers on how to overcome the technological and economic difficulties presently associated to CO 2 capture and conversion processes, as well as the opportunities which may arise from greater fuel variety in transport, among them methanol, and from putting recycled CO 2 to use by turning it into a potentially valuable prime material. Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Europe Methanol Policy Wireless

California ARB approves XL Hybrids aftermarket hybrid conversions for Ford Transit vans and wagons

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XL Hybrids has received a California Air Resources Board Executive Order (CARB EO) allowing aftermarket conversions of gasoline-powered Ford Transit cargo vans and passenger wagons to be upgraded with the XL3 Hybrid Electric Drive System.

New Na-ion battery combining intercalation and conversion could be promising low-cost energy storage system

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Scheme of the new full sodium-ion battery, which combines an intercalation cathode and a conversion anode. This battery system combines an intercalation cathode and a conversion anode, resulting in high capacity, high rate capability, thermal stability, and much improved cycle life. (In For the anode, they selected carbon-modified iron oxide (C-Fe 3 O 4 ) conversion material. 1 when used in a lithium cell and undergoes a conversion reaction (Fe 3 O 4 + 8Li + + 8e ? ?

New catalyst for the direct conversion of ethanol to isobutene

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Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Washington State University (WSU) have developed a new nanosized Zn x Zr y O z mixed oxide catalyst for the direct and high-yield (83%) conversion of bio-ethanol to isobutene, a widely used intermediate chemical used for the production of fuel additives, rubber and solvents. At the same time, the zinc oxide’s influence prevented the ethanol-to-ethylene conversion by zirconium oxide.

UC Riverside team develops new high efficiency method for conversion of biomass to biofuels

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Lignocellulosic biomass, which is the only sufficiently prevalent sustainable resource for conversion into liquid transportation fuels, is the most abundant organic material on Earth. Furfural and 5-HMF are widely recognized renewable chemicals for their conversion into gasoline, jet, and diesel range liquid fuels. However, lignin is actually a promising resource for making additional high value chemicals and fuels once it is extracted and depolymerized with CELF.