ORNL team devises electrocatalyst for direct conversion of CO2 into ethanol with high selectivity; pushing the combustion reaction in reverse

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The researchers’ initial analysis suggests that the spiky textured surface of the catalysts provides ample reactive sites to facilitate the carbon dioxide-to-ethanol conversion. Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Emissions Ethanol

U of I study: synthetic fuels via CO2 conversion and FT not currently economically & environmentally competitive

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The potential WTG CO 2 emission reduction with low carbon grid electricity indicates the potential role electrochemical CO conversion can play in low carbon liquid fuel when the electricity grid is highly renewable or decarbonized. Resources.

2016 26

Trending Sources

USDA awards $3M biorefinery grant to support conversion of lignin into renewable alternative for ABS Resin

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a $3-million grant to support the commercialization of its patented and patent-pending lignin conversion and refining technologies. Lignocellulose, or lignin, is ubiquitous in biomass, and yet it is highly-resistant to the chemical, biological, and other processes historically used for the conversion and refining of biomass into renewable products. The USDA has awarded a consortium including Attis Innovations, Inc., a subsidiary of Meridian Waste Solutions, Inc.,a

2018 16

US Navy demos recovery of CO2 and production of H2 from seawater, with conversion to liquid fuel; “Fuel from Seawater”

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Researchers at the US Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), Materials Science and Technology Division have demonstrated novel NRL technologies developed for the recovery of CO 2 and hydrogen from seawater and their subsequent conversion to liquid fuels.

New plasma synthesis process for one-step conversion of CO2 and methane into higher value fuel and chemicals

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Instead of using H 2 , direct conversion of CO 2 with CH 4 (dry reforming of methane, DRM) to liquid fuels and chemicals (e.g. Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Natural Gas

2017 12

JCAP team reports first complete “artificial leaf”; >10% solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency

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In a paper published in the RSC journal Energy & Environmental Science , the researchers reported that their photoelectrosynthetic cell (GaAs/GaInP 2 /TiO 2 /Ni photoanode connected to a Ni-Mo coated counterelectrode) exhibited a solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency (η STH ) of 10.5%

2015 33

Argonne team finds copper cluster catalyst effective for low-pressure conversion of CO2 to methanol with high activity

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Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory have identified a new material to catalyze the conversion of CO 2 via hydrogenation to methanol (CH 3 OH): size-selected Cu 4 clusters—clusters of four copper atoms each, called tetramers—supported on Al 2 O 3 thin films. Resources.

2015 17

New catalytic system for conversion of CO2 to methanol shows much higher activity than others now in use

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CH 3 OH conversion not seen over a Cu-Zn alloy. Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Fuels Methanol

2014 19

California ARB clears XL Hybrids for hybrid van conversions in California; unit on sale

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has received California Air Resources Board (CARB) Executive Order (EO) #D-731-1 allowing aftermarket conversions of gasoline-powered 2012-2014 model year General Motors 2500 and 3500 vans, Chevrolet Express and GMC Savana vans into hybrid electric vehicles. XL Hybrids, Inc.

2014 30

NREL team identifies major metabolic pathway in cyanobacteria for efficient conversion of CO2; better biofuels and bioproducts

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Scientists from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have discovered that a metabolic pathway previously only suggested to be functional in photosynthetic organisms is actually a major pathway and can enable efficient conversion of carbon dioxide to organic compounds. From a basic science point of view, this is a major pathway that has a potentially important function in regulating photosynthetic energy conversion. Resources.

Scientists develop method for direct conversion of methane to methanol or acetic acid under mild conditions

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Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory, Tufts University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory have shown that mononuclear rhodium species, anchored on a zeolite or titanium dioxide support suspended in aqueous solution, can catalyze the direct conversion of methane to methanol and acetic acid using oxygen and carbon monoxide under mild conditions. In a paper in the journal Nature , they report that the two products form through independent pathways, allowing the tuning of the conversion.

SOLAR-JET project demonstrates solar-driven thermochemical conversion of CO2 and water to jet fuel

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The solar-to-fuel energy conversion efficiency, defined as the ratio of the calorific value of CO (fuel) produced to the solar radiative energy input through the reactor’s aperture and the energy penalty for using inert gas was 1.73% averaged over the whole cycle. Resources.

Solar 12

New inexpensive catalyst for conversion of CO2 to CO could help with storage of renewable energy

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As such, development of Bi-based cathodes for conversion of CO 2 to CO would represent an important development for the fields of CO 2 electrocatalysis and renewable energy conversion. Used in conjunction with ionic liquids, it effected the electrocatalytic conversion of CO 2 to CO with appreciable current density at overpotentials below 0.2 Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Power Generation

California mulls ban on new cars with engines, joining China in climate action

Green Car Reports

With China mulling an eventual ban on sales of cars with gasoline or diesel engines, the world's largest car market made it clear earlier this month that it intends to force a conversion to zero-emission vehicles. China zero emissions California California Air Resources Board CARB climate change plug-in cars state laws legislation

2017 23

LanzaTech collaborating with Swayana to convert waste gases from ferroalloy production to ethanol

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Resources. Biotech Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Emissions Ethanol Fuels ManufacturingSouth African engineering company Swayana has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with LanzaTech to collaborate on developing projects for the production of ethanol and higher value products from waste gases in the ferroalloy and titania smelting sectors.

NREL enzyme enables conversion of biomass to sugar up to 14x faster than current alternatives; changing the economics of conversion

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Scientists at the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have developed an enzyme that can enable the conversion of biomass to sugars up to 14 times faster and more cheaply than competing catalysts in enzyme cocktails today. Resources.

2015 14

USDA provides $91M loan guarantee to Cool Planet for biogasoline blendstock plant; biomass pyrolysis and catalytic conversion

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Cool Planet has devised a biomass-to-liquids thermochemical conversion process that simultaneously produces liquid fuels and sequesterable biochar useful as a soil amendment. One of the catalytic conversion processes creates the high-octane gasoline blendstock. Resources.

2014 28

New ceramic membrane enables first direct conversion of methane to liquids without CO2 emissions

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Nonoxidative methane dehydroaromatization (MDA: 6CH 4 ↔ C 6 H 6 + 9H 2 ) using shape-selective Mo/zeolite catalysts is a key technology for exploitation of stranded natural gas reserves by direct conversion into transportable liquids. Resources.

2016 12

LanzaTech and Sekisui advance conversion of municipal solid waste to ethanol

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They have shown that it is possible to recycle the carbon from unsorted MSW destined for landfill or the incinerator and ferment it to make new products, that would otherwise come from fossil resources or sugars. Garbage is an important resource.

Bath team develops simpler to prepare and effective catalyst for conversion of CO and CO2 to longer chain hydrocarbons

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Researchers at the University of Bath (UK) have developed a new carbon nanotube (CNT)-based iron catalyst for the simplified conversion of CO and CO 2 to longer chain hydrocarbons. The well-known Fischer-Tropsch process for the conversion of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide has been explored by researchers around the world. To date, methods have typically required the use of one catalyst to create the carbon support for the conversion process. Resources.

2013 24

New $30M ARPA-E program to develop new solar conversion and storage technologies; targeting higher solar penetration in mix

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The primary goal of this funding opportunity ( DE-FOA-0000949 ) is to provide disruptive new solar conversion and storage technology options to enable a much higher penetration of solar energy generation into the US energy mix. Novel approaches to high T solar conversion.

Solar 26

GTI partners with Purdue’s CISTAR Center on conversion of shale resources to valuable liquid fuels

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The Gas Technology Institute (GTI) is partnering with Purdue University’s Center for Innovative and Strategic Transformation of Alkane Resources (CISTAR) and other experts from academia, industry and government to develop technologies for responsible conversion of alkanes—light hydrocarbons including methane, ethane and propane—into more valuable liquid fuels, including gasoline and diesel fuels ( earlier post ).

Taiwan’s ITRI introduces cellulosic bio-butanol production technology; pathway with highest carbon conversion yield

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ButyFix uses a three-step process: (1) the hydrolysis of cellulose and hemicellulose to release sugars; (2) fermentation of the sugars to produce butyrate; and (3) the chemical conversion of butyrate via esterification and hydrogenation to butanol. Resources.

Researchers suggest approach for boosting Li-S performance; conversion of Li2S to sulfur without polysulfides

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We demonstrate that the direct conversion of Li 2 S to sulfur occurs if a high overvoltage is applied, while formation of polysulfides only occurs as a back-reaction of the Li 2 S with solution based sulfur species. Resources.

Photo-activated catalyst converts CO2 to CO for clean fuel technology; no unwanted byproducts

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Complete suppression of the competing hydrogen evolution during a photocatalytic CO 2 -to-CO conversion had not been achieved before our work. Proposed mechanisms for the photocatalytic conversion of CO 2 to CO and of CO to other liquid products. (A) Resources.

2017 17

Double catalyst for the direct conversion of syngas to lower olefins

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The first step in such a process would involve the conversion of these materials into syngas through either gasification or steam reforming. An alternative method is the conversion of synthesis gas in two process steps. Resources.

Researchers develop co-catalyst system for lower cost conversion of CO2 to CO; syngas for synfuels

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A team from the University of Illinois and startup Dioxide Materials has developed an electrocatalytic system for the reduction of CO 2 to CO—a key component of artificial photosynthesis and thus an enabler for the conversion of CO 2 to synthetic fuels—at overpotentials below 0.2

MIT researchers devise simple catalytic system for fixation and conversion of CO2

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reacts with triethylsilane in acetonitrile under an atmosphere of CO 2 to produce formate (69% isolated yield) together with silylated molybdate (quantitative conversion to [MoO 3 (OSiEt 3 )] ? , Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Catalysts Researchers at MIT have devised a simple, soluble metal oxide system to capture and transform CO 2 into useful organic compounds.

DIY Electric Car Wiki - A Tremendous Conversion Resource

DIY Electric Car

Some of the members here will find this obvious but I've spoken with several people recently who had no idea that we have such a fantastic resource built up. For those of you who don't know, we have an electric car conversion wiki which has tons of info for beginners and pros. It's the same one as the link on the top right of the page, but I admit, our site design is a little weak so I'm not terribly surprised that it gets overlooked. Hey, it's all about the content, right?

DIY 2

Researchers argue that the optimal use of biomass as a renewable resource is for production of select chemicals, not power, heat or fuels

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Biomass differs from the other renewable resources, they note, since the energy it contains is stored as chemical bonds. The chemical characteristics of biomass and many bulk chemicals are also very similar, so the processes should be more economical than those for the conversion into fuels.

2011 12

No Li, Lithium Will Power SUVs

Hybrid SUV Blog

Conversely, using a battery pack of lithium-ion batteries of the same weight as their nickel-metal hydride counterpart could significantly increase the amount of electricity an SUV could store. Hybrid ResourcesWill Your Next SUV have Lithium-ion Batteries?

SUV 31

No Li, Lithium Will Power SUVs

Hybrid SUV Blog

Conversely, using a battery pack of lithium-ion batteries of the same weight as their nickel-metal hydride counterpart could significantly increase the amount of electricity an SUV could store. Hybrid ResourcesWill Your Next SUV have Lithium-ion Batteries?

SUV 31

On the road to solar fuels and chemicals

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One such connects a photovoltaic (PV) to a separate electrolyzer with catalysts that drive the necessary conversion reactions (PV/electrolysis). Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Materials Solar Solar fuels

Solar 16

Field trials with genetically modified poplars shows potential for efficient conversion to sugars but with impact on biomass yield

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Resources. Ethanol yield (g/L) for the Belgian and French field trials. Van Acker et al. Click to enlarge.

2013 12

Linde pilot testing dry reforming process to generate syngas from CO2 and methane for production of fuels and chemicals

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Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Fuels Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) Natural GasAs part of its R&D strategy, Linde has built a pilot reformer facility at Pullach near Munich—Linde’s largest location worldwide—to test dry-reforming technology.

2015 20

New one-pot methanol-mediated process for conversion of wood and cellulosic solids to liquid fuels

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Researchers at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) have developed a one-pot process for the catalytic conversions of wood and cellulosic solids to liquid and gaseous products in a reactor operating at 300–320 °C and 160-220 bar. There have been two types of approaches conventionally considered for the conversion of woody biomass to liquid fuels, Matson et al. Resources. Overview of the process. Click to enlarge.

Comparative genome study finds ancestral fungus may have influenced end of coal formation; potential resource for biofuel production

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The ability of white rot fungi to decay lignin may ultimately be used to help address the challenge of freeing plant carbohydrates for conversion into biofuels via fermentation processes. Resources. Scanning electron micrograph of wood being decayed by the white rot fungus.

Novozymes and Sea6Energy collaborating on the conversion of seaweed to sugars for production of fuels and chemicals

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Novozymes will research, develop, and manufacture enzymes for the conversion process, while Sea6 Energy contributes its offshore seaweed cultivation technology. In addition, Sea6 Energy is also pioneering approaches to fermenting the sugars derived from seaweed to produce fuel in a manner that requires minimal use of fresh water resources. Novozymes’ Indian arm will work closely with Sea6 Energy to develop the conversion technology.

2012 11

China team develops efficient multifunctional catalyst for conversion of CO2 to gasoline-range hydrocarbons

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This catalyst exhibited 78% selectivity to C 5 -C 11 as well as low (4%) CH 4 at a CO 2 conversion of 22% under industrial relevant conditions. Resources. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts FuelsA research team led by Dr. Jian Sun and Prof.

New Na-ion battery combining intercalation and conversion could be promising low-cost energy storage system

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Scheme of the new full sodium-ion battery, which combines an intercalation cathode and a conversion anode. This battery system combines an intercalation cathode and a conversion anode, resulting in high capacity, high rate capability, thermal stability, and much improved cycle life. (In For the anode, they selected carbon-modified iron oxide (C-Fe 3 O 4 ) conversion material. 1 when used in a lithium cell and undergoes a conversion reaction (Fe 3 O 4 + 8Li + + 8e ? ?