GWU team demonstrates highly scalable, low-cost process for making carbon nanotube wools directly from CO2

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Researchers at George Washington University led by Dr. Stuart Licht have demonstrated the first facile high-yield, low-energy synthesis of macroscopic length carbon nanotubes (CNTs)—carbon nanotube wool—from CO 2 using molten carbonate electrolysis ( earlier post ).

2017 129

EPFL team develops low-cost catalyst for splitting CO2

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EPFL scientists have developed an Earth-abundant and low-cost catalytic system for splitting CO 2 into CO and oxygen—an important step towards achieving the conversion of renewable energy into hydrocarbon fuels. Using only Earth-abundant materials to catalyze both reactions, this design keeps the cost of the system low. This is the first time that such a bi-functional and low-cost catalyst is demonstrated.

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Johns Hopkins team plates Pt on cobalt to create low-cost, highly efficient fuel cell catalysts

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Researchers at Johns Hopkins University, with colleagues at Purdue and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), have plated a one nanometer thick coating of platinum on a core of cobalt to create a cost-effective and highly efficient fuel cell catalyst.

2018 78

LeMond Composites licenses ORNL low-cost carbon fiber manufacturing process; transportation, renewable energy, & infrastructure

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LeMond Composites, founded by three-time Tour de France champion Greg LeMond, has licensed a low-cost, high-volume carbon fiber manufacturing process developed at the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL).

Saudi Aramco R&D proposes SuperButol as new low-cost high-octane blend component

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A team from Saudi Aramco Research and Development Center has developed a novel low-cost, high-octane gasoline blend component it calls SuperButol. In addition, the process helps to optimize refinery operations by valorizing low-value products.

2017 84

Velodyne LiDAR announces new design for miniaturized, low-cost solid-state LiDAR sensors using GaN technology

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Velodyne LiDAR announced a new design for a solid-state LiDAR sensor that can deliver a subsystem cost of less than US$50 when sold in high-volume manufacturing scale. Our new design approach creates a true solid-state LiDAR sensor, while significantly raising the bar as to what can be expected from LiDAR sensors as far as cost, size, and reliability. The design consolidates components and results in significant advances in sensor miniaturization, reliability, and cost reduction.

2016 76

EPFL team develops low-cost water splitting cell with solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of 12.3%

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A team led by Dr. Michael Grätzel at EPFL (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) in Switzerland has developed a highly efficient and low-cost water-splitting cell combining an advanced perovskite tandem solar cell and a bi-functional Earth-abundant catalyst.

2014 100

GWU team develops low-cost, high-yield one-pot synthesis of carbon nanofibers from atmospheric CO2

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A team led by Dr. Stuart Licht at The George Washington University in Washington, DC has developed a low-cost, high-yield and scalable process for the electrolytic conversion of atmospheric CO 2 dissolved in molten carbonates into carbon nanofibers (CNFs.) The conversion of CO 2 → CCNF + O 2 can be driven by efficient solar, as well as conventional, energy at inexpensive steel or nickel electrodes. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Emissions Materials

2015 65

Berkeley Lab working with Alphabet Energy to develop a low-cost thermoelectric system

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With a $2-million grant from the California Energy Commission (CEC), Berkeley Lab is partnering with Alphabet Energy to create a cost-effective thermoelectric waste heat recovery system to reduce both energy use in the industrial sector and electricity-related carbon emissions. However, most current thermoelectric materials are limited by several factors, including high cost, low efficiency, and the inability to operate reliably at temperatures above 400 degrees Celsius.

2017 60

Golar and Schlumberger form OneLNG JV; targeting development of low cost gas reserves to LNG

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Golar LNG Limited and Schlumberger have formed OneLNG, a joint venture to develop rapidly low cost gas reserves to LNG. The combination of Schlumberger’s reservoir knowledge, wellbore technologies and production management capabilities, with Golar’s low cost FLNG (Floating LNG) solution, will offer gas resource owners a faster and lower cost development thereby increasing the net present value of the resources.

2016 60

Harvard team demonstrates new metal-free organic–inorganic aqueous flow battery; potential breakthrough for low-cost grid-scale storage

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In a paper in Nature , they suggest that the use of such redox-active organic molecules instead of redox-active metals represents a new and promising direction for realizing massive electrical energy storage at greatly reduced cost. Cell schematic.

2014 116

Ashwoods launch low cost electric motor range

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Hybrid conversions firm, Ashwood Automotive has gone into production with a new electric motor which it claims provides one of the lowest cost per kilowatt in the industry today.

MIT team outlines path to low-cost solar-to-fuels devices; the artificial leaf

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The original demonstration leaf in 2011 had low efficiencies, converting less than 4.7% Because a single Si junction has insufficient potential to drive water splitting, it cannot be used for direct solar-to-fuels conversion.

New nickel-gallium catalyst could lead to low-cost, clean production of methanol; small-scale, low-pressure devices

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In their paper, they suggested that this is a first step towards the development of small-scale low-pressure devices for CO 2 reduction to methanol. If hydrogen production is to be distributed and produced in small-scale devices, it would be attractive if the subsequent conversion of H 2 into a liquid fuel could also be performed in simpler, low-pressure decentralized units. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Catalysts Methanol

2014 65

Waste Management and Renmatix to explore conversion of urban waste to low-cost cellulosic sugar via supercritical hydrolysis

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The strategic investment and alliance aims to expand the feedstock flexibility of Renmatix’s proprietary Plantrose process beyond rural biomass to include materials derived from cost-effective and readily available urban waste material such as that managed by Waste Management. One of the core cost advantages of Renmatix’s water-based process is its feedstock flexibility. Waste Management, Inc.

New catalysts convert ethanol to butanol with high selectivity; potential low-cost upgrade for ethanol plants

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Researchers at the University of Bristol (UK) have developed a new family of catalysts that enables the conversion of ethanol into n-butanol—a higher alcohol with better characteristics for transportation applications than ethanol—with selectivity of more than 95% at good conversion. The new catalysts could reduce the costs of converting ethanol factories to production of butanol.

MIT Researchers Identify New Low-Cost Water-Splitting Catalyst

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The Ni-B i films can be prepared with precise thickness control and operate at modest overpotential providing an alternative to the Co catalyst for applications in solar energy conversion. MIT Prof. Daniel Nocera and his associates have found another formulation, based on inexpensive and widely available materials, that can efficiently catalyze the splitting of water molecules using electricity.

Calysta Energy engineering organisms to convert methane to low-cost liquid hydrocarbons; BioGTL process

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Start-up Calysta Energy plans to use methane as a feedstock for engineered organisms to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuels and high value chemicals that are cost-effective, scalable and reduce environmental impact. Calysta says that in contrast to current algae- and sugar-based methods, a methane-based biofuel platform is expected to produce fuel at less than half the cost of other biological methods, allowing direct competition with petroleum-based fuels. Conversion method.

RAL proposes new efficient and low-cost process to crack ammonia for hydrogen using sodium amide; transportation applications

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The reverse reaction may have a similarly transformative potential, where the decomposition of ammonia into nitrogen and hydrogen enables the provision of hydrogen for a low-carbon energy economy. Arguably, this focus may have diminished the consideration of reversibility, cost, and practicality of use of these materials. The material costs, however, are very significantly less, the team observed.

2014 60

SPX and Aker Wade partner to develop new low-cost fast chargers for EVs

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The new charge station is designed to be a low-cost, wall-mounted indoor unit aimed initially at vehicle dealerships. It features an ergonomically designed connector handle for easy and safe operation and utilizes high frequency power conversion technology for efficient power delivery.

Bio-inspired molybdenum sulfide catalyst offers low-cost and efficient photo-electrochemical water splitting to produce hydrogen

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The DTU researchers created a device to harvest the energy from part of the solar spectrum and used it to power the conversion of single hydrogen ions into hydrogen gas. The optimized photo-electrochemical water splitting device uses light absorbers made of silicon arranged in closely packed pillars, dotted with tiny clusters of the new molybdenum sulfide catalyst. Image courtesy of Christian D. Damsgaard, Thomas Pedersen and Ole Hansen, Technical University of Denmark. Click to enlarge.

ORNL team devises electrocatalyst for direct conversion of CO2 into ethanol with high selectivity; pushing the combustion reaction in reverse

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The researchers’ initial analysis suggests that the spiky textured surface of the catalysts provides ample reactive sites to facilitate the carbon dioxide-to-ethanol conversion. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Emissions Ethanol

2016 112

Agrivida and Syngenta Ventures to collaborate on low-cost sugars from cellulosic biomass for fuels and chemicals

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and Syngenta Ventures will collaborate to develop advanced crop technology that will provide low-cost sugars from cellulosic biomass for a variety of industrial applications including biofuels and biochemicals without requiring external enzymes for biomass hydrolysis.

2010 78

Iowa State researchers developing low-cost thermochemical process to produce sugars from biomass for bio-fuels and -chemicals; pyrolytic molasses

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Low-cost sugars from biomass are a key enabler for many production pathways for bio-based fuels and chemicals. Brown and Iowa State researchers are presenting present their ideas and findings during tcbiomass2011 , the International Conference on Thermochemical Conversion Science in Chicago. Iowa State University (ISU) researchers have developed technologies to efficiently produce, recover and separate sugars from the fast pyrolysis of biomass.

Iowa 60

Georgia Tech team develops highly efficient multi-phase catalyst for SOFCs and other energy storage and conversion systems

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The catalyst is also readily applicable to other energy storage and conversion systems, including metal-air batteries, supercapacitors, electrolyzers, dye-sensitized solar cells, and photocatalysis. That could, in turn, reduce overall material costs.

2018 89

USDA awards $3M biorefinery grant to support conversion of lignin into renewable alternative for ABS Resin

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a $3-million grant to support the commercialization of its patented and patent-pending lignin conversion and refining technologies. Lignocellulose, or lignin, is ubiquitous in biomass, and yet it is highly-resistant to the chemical, biological, and other processes historically used for the conversion and refining of biomass into renewable products. The USDA has awarded a consortium including Attis Innovations, Inc., a subsidiary of Meridian Waste Solutions, Inc.,a

2018 60

NEC, NEC TOKIN and Tohoku University develop spin-Seebeck thermoelectric device w/ 10x better conversion efficiency

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Thermoelectric conversion technology that converts energy abandoned as waste heat back to electric power is strongly anticipated to be used for saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. As a result, the cost was significantly reduced.

2016 78

ExxonMobil and UW Madison extend research collaboration on conversion of biomass to transportation fuels

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UW-Madison has long been known for its expertise in biomass conversion. Spangler professor of chemical and biological engineering at UW-Madison, is working closely with ExxonMobil’s scientists to build a stronger understanding of the basic chemical transformations that occur during biomass conversion into diesel and jet fuels.

2017 60

Stanford GCEP awards $6.6M to 7 projects; focus on combining energy conversion with carbon-neutral fuel production

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million to seven research teams—six from Stanford and one from Carnegie Mellon University—to advance research on technologies for renewable energy conversion to electricity or fuels and for capturing CO 2 emissions and converting CO 2 to fuels. Carbon capture and sequestration, and technologies that combine energy conversion with carbon-neutral fuel production could play major roles in the energy sector in the coming decades.

2013 60

DOE selects 7 gasification projects for funding; focus on reducing cost of coal conversion

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The projects conducted through this program are geared toward reducing the cost of coal conversion and mitigating the environmental impacts of fossil-fueled power generation. The funded research projects fall under two subtopic areas: development of gasification technologies applicable to in situ bio-gasification of coal to methane; and the development of low cost advanced air separation technologies that can produce oxygen for use in coal gasification processes.

2015 65

ARPA-E awarding $30M to 12 hybrid solar projects; conversion and storage

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) is awarding $30 million in funding to 12 projects through its Full-Spectrum Optimized Conversion and Utilization of Sunlight (FOCUS) program, which is aimed at developing new hybrid solar energy converters and hybrid energy storage systems that can deliver low-cost, high-efficiency solar energy on demand.

2014 75

GWU research team C2CNT advances to the final round of the Carbon XPRIZE; CO2 to carbon nanotubes

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The C2CNT team uses low-energy, low-cost technology developed in the Licht lab located at GW’s Virginia Science and Technology Campus to transform carbon dioxide into widely useful and highly valued products—carbon nanotubes.

2018 78

XL Hybrids, Henley Transmission Services partner to certify AAMCO for hybrid conversion installation, servicing

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developer of a low-cost hybrid electric powertrain designed specifically for class 1-3 commercial fleet use ( earlier post ), has signed an agreement with Henley Transmission Services, LLC, the largest franchise holder of AAMCO automotive service centers, to certify AAMCO technicians to install and service XL Hybrids’ hybrid-electric conversions. XL Hybrids, Inc.,

2012 87

Conversion of glucose to 5-HMF over solid acid catalyst

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Although fructose can be converted to 5-HMF with high yield via acid-catalyzed dehydration, fructose is costly. With its low cost and wide supply, the conversion of glucose to HMF has attracted the interests of researchers. hours at 180 °C over Zr(H 2 PO 4 ) 2 with ratio of 1:1; glucose conversion was 94.83%. Researchers at the South China University of Technology report on the use of a Zr(H 2 PO 4 ) 2 solid acid catalyst in an isobutanol-water (1.6:1/V:V)

2011 60

NCSU team develops catalyst for thermal hybrid water-splitting and syngas generation with exceptional conversion; H2 gas and liquid fuels

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In contrast, previously reported ferrite materials typically exhibit 20% or lower steam to hydrogen conversion. Their work indicates that a synergistic effect of reduced LSF and metallic iron phases is attributable to the exceptional steam conversion.

2015 78

DOE Awarding $4.4M to Six Projects for Carbon Capture and Conversion

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Total value of the projects, including cost sharing, is approximately US$5.9 This integrated capture and conversion process will be used to produce a number of different chemicals that could replace petroleum-derived products. RTI will assess the feasibility of producing valuable chemicals, such as carbon monoxide, by reducing CO 2 using abundant low-value carbon sources, such as petcoke, sub-bituminous coal, lignite, and biomass, as the reductant.

Mattershift scales up CNT membranes; potential for zero-carbon fuels for less than fossil

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The difficulty and high cost of making CNT membranes has confined them to university laboratories and has been frequently cited as the limiting factor in their widespread use. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Nanotech Solar fuels

2018 94

Perspective: Drive Star Conversion Program Could Cut US Oil Use in Half by 2020

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If terrorists had poisoned 40% of our wetlands and 25% of our fisheries, we wouldn’t ask, ‘How much will it cost to fight back?’ And it will cost much less than you think.”. We know we eventually need to kick our addiction to costly, dangerous fossil fuels. The missing piece we dream President Obama will follow up with is an emergency-response roadmap to a world where increasingly scarce and costly oil is used only when needed. And no one asked what it would cost.

UGA-led team engineers bacterium for the direct conversion of unpretreated biomass to ethanol

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Here we report the direct conversion of switchgrass, a nonfood, renewable feedstock, to ethanol without conventional pretreatment of the biomass. Direct conversion of biomass to ethanol represents a new paradigm for consolidated bioprocessing, offering the potential for carbon neutral, cost-effective, sustainable fuel production. Now, without any pretreatment, we can simply take switchgrass, grind it up, add a low-cost, minimal salts medium and get ethanol out the other end.

2014 65

Vertimass receives up to $2M from DOE for conversion of ethanol into gasoline, diesel and jet blendstocks; expanding the ethanol market

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Ethanol conversion to hydrocarbons as a function of temp. Benefits of the catalyst technology include: A single step conversion of ethanol into a hydrocarbon blend stock without the addition of hydrogen. Operation at relatively low temperature and atmospheric pressure.

2014 84