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Startup licenses ORNL technology for converting organic waste to hydrogen

Green Car Congress

The technologies work as a system that converts organic waste into renewable hydrogen gas for use as a biofuel. The system combines biology and electrochemistry to degrade organic waste—such as plant biomass or food waste—to produce hydrogen. There are usually thousands of microbes that are required to convert a complex organic mixture from biomass into electrons.

2019 242

EU project HyFlexFuel converted sewage sludge and other biomasses into kerosene by hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL); SAF

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Meeting jet fuel specifications is an appropriate target to validate that highperformance transportation fuels can indeed be produced from a broad range of residue and waste streams via hydrothermal liquefaction.

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DOE awards ~$34M to 11 projects to advance waste and algae bioenergy technology

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Biomass feedstocks can be produced by municipal solid waste (MSW) streams and algae and converted into low-carbon fuels that can significantly contribute to the decarbonization of transportation sectors that face barriers to electrification, such as aviation and marine. The selected projects will: Research and develop waste for energy conversion ($20 million).

Waste 170

Study suggests that decarbonizing US transport sector by converting waste CO2 to fuels would require economical air-capture of CO2

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Kreutz used two examples of CCTF systems in his analysis: biodiesel from microalgae and Sandia National Laboratory’s S2P process (an effort to utilize concentrated solar energy to convert waste CO 2 into synthetic fuels, earlier post ). When that carbon is converted into a fuel, burned, and exhausted to the atmosphere, the overall cycle is roughly neutral. This raises the unusual possibility of the transportation sector becoming decarbonized before.

2010 200

Enerkem plant becomes first ISCC-certified plant to convert municipal solid waste into biomethanol

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a waste-to-biofuels and chemicals producer, has obtained certification from the International Sustainability and Carbon Certification (ISCC) system for the biomethanol production of its Enerkem Alberta Biofuels full-scale facility in Edmonton, Canada. This biorefinery therefore becomes the first ISCC-certified plant in the world to convert municipal solid waste into biomethanol. Enerkem Inc.,

2016 150

IH2 technology licensed for demonstration plant to convert woody biomass into drop-in hydrocarbon transportation fuels

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IH 2 technology is a continuous catalytic thermochemical process which converts a broad range of forestry/agricultural residues and municipal wastes directly into renewable hydrocarbon transportation fuels and/or blend stocks. Hydrogen production, converting light gases generated in the first stage to hydrogen in sufficient quantity to supply all process needs. The IH 2 technology is an efficient conversion route for lignocellulosic biomass.

2015 249

SUTD team proposes low-temperature thermionic converter with graphene cathode; about 45% efficiency

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Researchers at the Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) are proposing that it is possible to design an efficient graphene-cathode-based thermionic energy converter (TIC)—a device for converting heat to electricity leveraging the phenomenon of thermionic emission, or the release of electrons from a hot body—operating at around 900 K (626 °C) or lower, as compared with a conventional metal-based cathode TIC operating at about 1500 K (1227 °C).

2015 286

ARPA-E issues RFI on lower-grade waste heat recovery technologies; focus on solid-state systems

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The Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) has issued a request for information ( DE-FOA-0001607 ) on lower-grade waste heat recovery technologies. quadrillion BTU of energy was wasted mainly in the form of heat. Much of the waste heat has been characterized by its source and its temperature, particularly in the transportation and power generation sectors. Thus, ARPA-E is keenly interested in waste heat conversion in this temperature range.

2016 150

Three coming DOE funding opportunities for sustainable transportation technologies

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The US Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy intends to issue three sustainable transportation technologies funding opportunity announcements (FOAs) in Spring 2021. These potential funding opportunities seek innovative research, development, demonstration, and deployment (RDD&D) in the pursuit of technologies that will help reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across the transportation sector, the highest source of emissions in the United States.

Manchester team proposing graphene-based ballistic rectifier for waste heat recovery

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Researchers at the University of Manchester (UK) have developed a graphene-based nano-rectifier (“ballistic rectifier”) that can convert waste heat to electricity. Conventional devices with similar conversion efficiencies require cryogenically low temperatures. Rectifying diodes let electrical current flow in only one direction; mainly used for power supply operation, they convert AC to DC current. Graphene Thermoelectrics Waste Heat Recovery

2016 174

Fulcrum to build second waste-to-fuels plant in Gary, Indiana

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Fulcrum BioEnergy has selected Gary, Indiana as the location of its Centerpoint BioFuels Plant, which will convert municipal solid waste (MSW) into low-carbon, renewable transportation fuel. Fulcrum has developed and demonstrated a proprietary thermochemical process that converts MSW feedstock into low-carbon renewable transportation fuels including jet fuel and diesel. Fulcrum’s Centerpoint plant will be the company’s second waste-to-fuels plant.

2018 219

NREL refines method to convert lignin to nylon precursor

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A new study from the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) demonstrates the conversion of lignin-derived compounds to adipic acid, an important industrial dicarboxylic acid produced for its use as a precursor to nylon, plasticizers, lubricants, polyesters, and other popular products and chemicals. Muconic acid can then be separated from the biological culture and catalytically converted into adipic acid.

2015 293

Dearman-led consortium awarded $3.1M to develop waste-heat-recovery system using liquid air engine

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The Dearman project is to deliver a production-feasible waste-heat recovery system for urban commercial vehicles, which offers life-cycle CO 2 savings of up to 40%; fuel savings of 25%, with the potential of up to almost 50%; and potential payback in less than three years. Ambient or low grade waste heat is used as an energy source with the cryogen providing both the working fluid and heat sink. —Chris Reeves, Commercial Manager of Future Transport Technologies at MIRA.

2014 210

UW Madison, ExxonMobil researchers convert alcohols to diesel-range ethers and olefins

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Researchers from the University of Wisconsin Madison and ExxonMobil Research and Engineering have devised a two-stage process by which an alcohol such as ethanol or 1-butanol can be converted with high yields into distillate-range ethers and olefins by combining Guerbet coupling (the coupling of two alcohol molecules) and intermolecular dehydration. The synthesis of liquid transportation fuels from abundant, bio-derived feedstocks is motivated by the drive toward lower GHG fuels.

2019 212

Amazon invests in electrofuels company Infinium

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The proceeds will be used to advance the development of commercial scale applications to decarbonize the transportation sector. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Power-to-Gas

DOE BETO to award $61.4M for low-carbon biofuels research to reduce transportation emissions

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DE-FOA-0002396 ) Topic areas for the “Bioenergy Technologies Office Scale-Up and Conversion” funding opportunity include high-impact biotechnology research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) to bolster the body of scientific and engineering knowledge needed to produce low-carbon biofuels at lower cost. BETO is focused on developing technologies that convert domestic biomass and other waste resources (e.g.,

China researchers hydrotreat waste engine oil and scrap tire oil blend to produce diesel- and jet-range fuel

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Researchers at Henan Polytechnic University in China have hydrotreated the oil derived from hydrothermal liquefaction of scrap tires (STO) with waste engine oil (WEO) using five different activated carbon-supported noble metal catalysts—Pd/C, Pt/C, Ru/C, Ir/C, and Rh/C—for the production of liquid fuels. Using WEO as the reaction medium not only made the recovery of the UPO easier but also converted WEO into a major component of the UPO.

2019 194

Advances in the conversion efficiency of thermoelectric materials

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Two separate research collaborations have recently reported advances in the efficiency of thermoelectric materials in converting heat to electricity. for the materials and possibly good enough for consideration for waste heat recovery in automotive exhaust systems. The high thermoelectric figure of merit is expected to enable the conversion of 14% of heat waste to electricity. Thermoelectrics Waste Heat Recovery

2011 200

Commissioning of Westinghouse plasma biomass gasifier at waste to liquids facility in China

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The Westinghouse plasma gasification unit is designed to take approximately 100 tons per day of biomass waste and convert it into clean syngas. The clean syngas is then to be converted into diesel fuel and other transportation fuels at the Kaidi facility. The demonstration facility is the first instance of a broader business plan being implemented by Kaidi to convert waste biomass in central China utilizing the Westinghouse Plasma technology.

2013 225

Carbon Engineering & LanzaTech partner to produce SAF using direct air capture CO2; “air-to-jet”

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The project is one of eight projects shortlisted for the UK Department for Transport’s Green Fuels Green Skies Competition that will share £15 million (US$21 million) in government funding to support plant development. The ethanol will then be converted into SAF using the LanzaJet Alcohol-To-Jet technology, developed by LanzaTech and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Aviation & Aerospace Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Market Background

Carbon 251

DOE awards $35M to 15 projects in ARPA-E ECOSynBio program to reduce carbon footprint of biofuel production

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The US Department of Energy (DOE) is awarding $35 million to 15 research projects through ARPA-E’s “Energy and Carbon Optimized Synthesis for the Bioeconomy” (ECOSynBio) program to decarbonize biorefining processes used across the energy, transportation, and agriculture sectors. These fermentation processes create carbon as a byproduct, with some processes wasting more than 1/3 of this carbon as CO 2 emissions.

Carbon 249

Project LIBERTY cellulosic ethanol plant comes online; corn waste as feedstock

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POET-DSM’s long-anticipated Project LIBERTY , the US’ first commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol plant to use corn waste as a feedstock ( earlier post ), began production today. Developed with the support of approximately $100 million in investments and research from the US Department of Energy, the facilities use biochemical conversion technologies such as yeast and enzymes to convert cellulosic biomass into transportation fuels.

2014 191

ARPA-E awards $30M to 21 projects advance new class of high-performance power converters

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CIRCUITS project teams will accelerate the development and deployment of a new class of efficient, lightweight, and reliable power converters, based on wide-bandgap (WBG) semiconductors. CIRCUITS projects will establish the building blocks of this class of power converter by advancing higher efficiency designs that exhibit enhanced reliability and superior total cost of ownership. A Universal Converter for DC, Single-phase AC, and Multi-phase AC Systems.

2017 163

Battelle evaluating pilot-scale mobile catalytic pyrolysis unit to convert biomass to bio-oil

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Battelle researchers have developed a mobile catalytic pyrolysis unit that converts biomass materials such as wood chips or agricultural waste into bio-oil. As currently configured, the Battelle-funded unit converts one ton of pine chips, shavings and sawdust into as much as 1,300 gallons of wet bio-oil per day. Conversion of the bio-oil to an advanced biofuel is a key element of Battelle’s ( earlier post )—and many others’—research.

2013 196

Hydra Energy partners with Chemtrade to provide commercial truck fleets with green hydrogen below the cost of diesel

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Continuing to speed up the adoption of hydrogen in long-haul transportation, Hydra Energy —the first Hydrogen-as-a-Service provider for commercial fleets—announced a strategic partnership with Chemtrade. In exchange for long-term, discounted fuel contracts with fleets, Hydra installs hydrogen-diesel co-combustion conversion kits into existing semi-trucks and provides the fueling infrastructure for green hydrogen sourced from chemical producers such as Chemtrade.

Fleet 247

Researchers Demonstrate Quantum-Coupled Thermal to Electric Conversion With Efficiency as High as 40% of Carnot Limit, With Calculated Potential of Up to 90%

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Basic scheme of the quantum-coupled converter. Researchers from MIT, with colleagues from IISc in Bangalore, India and HiPi Consulting in Maryland have experimentally demonstrated the conversion of heat to electricity using thermal diodes with efficiency as high as 40% of the Carnot Limit. Hagelstein says that with present systems it’s possible to efficiently convert heat into electricity, but with very little power. Shaded boxes indicate electron reservoirs.

2009 210

Joule expands solar CO2 conversion platform to produce renewable gasoline and jet hydrocarbons

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Joule, the developer of a direct, single-step, continuous process for the production of solar hydrocarbon fuels ( earlier post ), has extended its solar CO 2 conversion platform to produce renewable gasoline- and jet fuel-range hydrocarbons. Joule has engineered photosynthetic biocatalysts that convert waste CO 2 into hydrocarbons through a patented, continuous process.

2013 229

US$105M WESTKÜSTE100 green hydrogen project receives funding approval from German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs

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The partners plan to produce green hydrogen, transport it in the gas network, use it in industrial processes and to interlink different material cycles within the existing infrastructure. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Hydrogen Hydrogen Production Wind

2020 349

Perspective: Drive Star Conversion Program Could Cut US Oil Use in Half by 2020

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In the key area of transportation, we submit our Drive Star proposal. For $100 million in one year, we’ll demonstrate how to rapidly reduce use of oil in transportation with safe, warrantied retrofits of tens of millions gas-guzzlers. We now have a sprinkling of promising companies working to get funded to convert gas-guzzlers. Since our cars and trucks use almost two-thirds of the oil we buy, the quickest way to cut oil use is to free transportation from its grip.

2010 214

LanzaTech makes first commercial sale of syngas conversion technology

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The company’s portfolio of waste-to-energy includes municipal solid waste (MSW) to energy at the largest contributor. Through a group company Concord Blue, a German-Indian company, it provides advanced gasification technology for syngas generation from a wide variety of waste streams. Concord Enviro Systems’ gasification units convert a variety of feedstocks including MSW and waste biomass.

2011 179

Fulcrum BioEnergy files LCFS application for municipal solid waste to FT diesel pathway with low CI of 37.47 g/MJ

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Fulcrum BioEnergy, the parent company of Fulcrum Sierra BioFuels, has applied for a new fuel pathway under the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCSF) for its process of converting municipal solid waste (MSW) into Fischer-Tropsch (“FT”) diesel fuel. The California LCFS mandates a 10% reduction by 2020 in the carbon intensity (CI) of transportation fuels. inerts, high moisture content waste) are sent to the landfill.

2016 150

NSF and DOE Issue Solicitation for Automotive Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Projects; Up to $9M in Total Funding Over 3 Years

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Six key elements of a thermoelectric waste heat recovery module for vehicle applications. The Directorate for Engineering at the National Science Foundation in partnership with the US Department of Energy Vehicle Technologies Program has issued a solicitation for proposals for thermoelectric waste heat recovery devices for automotive applications. Automotive thermoelectric waste heat recovery. Tags: Thermoelectrics Waste Heat Recovery

2010 170

NextFuels introduces hydrothermal process to produce biofuels from wet, unprocessed waste; solution for palm plantation residue

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Biofuels company NextFuels introduced its hydrothermal process for economically producing transportation and industrial fuels from wet, unprocessed agricultural waste. to 6 metric tons of agricultural waste is generated for each metric ton of oil. The remaining 75% can be converted into a liquid-fuel equivalent to petroleum that is compatible with existing pipelines and vehicles. There is no such thing as waste. Overview of the NextFuels’ GreenCrude process.

2013 192

Swedish eMethanol startup launches crowd-funding campaign, developing commercial-scale plant

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Liquid Wind, in partnership with its consortium of experts, Consortium, will convert waste CO 2 and renewable electricity into eMethanol, a carbon-neutral fuel. Carbon Capture and Conversion (CCC) Fuels Methanol Power-to-Gas Power-to-Liquids

2020 212

Wisconsin Researchers Devise Process to Convert Biomass Intermediate Product into Drop-in Transportation Fuels Without Use of External Hydrogen or Precious Metal Catalysts

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Reaction pathways for conversion of GVL to butenes and CO 2 , and the integrated conversion of GVL to both a liquid stream of alkenes for use in transportation fuels and a gaseous stream rich in CO 2 that is appropriate for further processing options. Researchers at the University of Wisconsin, led by Dr. James Dumesic, have developed a process to convert aqueous solutions of ?-valerolactone Dumesic (2010) Integrated Catalytic Conversion of ?-Valerolactone

2010 185

UC Riverside team develops new high efficiency method for conversion of biomass to biofuels

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Wyman, the Ford Motor Company Chair in Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Riverside’s Bourns College of Engineering, has developed a versatile, relatively non-toxic, and efficient way to convert lignocellulosic biomass into biofuels and chemicals. Those fuel precursors can then be converted into ethanol, chemicals or drop-in fuels. The lignin is generally considered a waste product and burnt to produce energy, although that thought is changing.

2014 204

BioBoost project targets conversion of biomass into intermediate energy carriers for subsequent conversion into fuels, chemicals, power and heat

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Six research institutions and seven industrial partners from Europe will participate in the new BioBoost project, aimed at converting residual biomass into energy carriers for the production of high-quality and engine-compatible fuels and chemicals as well as for the generation of electricity and heat. The resulting biosyncrude can be transported economically for further upgrading. In the next stage, the energy-rich intermediate product is converted.

2011 196

Fulcrum BioEnergy demonstrates integrated process to convert MSW to jet and diesel; $4.7M DoD grant to begin plant engineering

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has successfully demonstrated the conversion of municipal solid waste (MSW)—household garbage—into jet and diesel fuels. For that process, Fulcrum uses a two-stage thermochemical process involving gasification of municipal solid waste (MSW) followed by the catalytic conversion of the syngas to ethanol. Fulcrum BioEnergy, Inc.

2013 179

Dutch/Russian effort to commercialize new process to convert flared gas to gasoline via a DME pathway

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Topchiev Institute for Petrochemical Synthesis ( TIPS ) on marketing a new technology developed by TIPS to convert flared gases into hydrocarbon fuels such as gasoline. The conventional way to make gasoline from gas is to convert the gas to a synthesis gas, then into methanol, followed by conversion to straight-chain hydrocarbons and finally via reforming into a high-octane hydrocarbon blend. The independent Dutch research organization TNO is working with the Russian A.V.

2013 199

UC Riverside researchers receive two grants to advance steam hydrogasification reaction for waste-to-fuels

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Researchers at the University of California, Riverside’s Center for Environmental Research and Technology (CERT) at the Bourns College of Engineering have received two grants to further explore a steam hydrogasification process they developed to convert waste into fuels. The CEC grant will allow for the completion of a process demonstration unit at CERT that will provide data needed before a proposed pilot plant is built at the city of Riverside’s waste water treatment facility.

2011 185

Stanford team proposes continuous electrochemical heat engines as a direct method of harvesting heat to electricity

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A team from Stanford University is proposing continuous electrochemical heat conversion as a direct method of harvesting heat to electricity. Fundamentally, a direct thermal-to-electric heat engine converts entropy to an electric potential, while allowing charge transport and irreversible thermal parasitics. The redox reactions occur such that charge neutrality is achieved via ion transport through ion-selective membranes in the cells.

2018 207

DOE awarding nearly $65M for biofuels research to reduce airplane and ship emissions

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These investments will advance technologies to create replacements for petroleum fuels used in heavy-duty forms of transportation such as airplanes and ships. The 22 selected projects fall into five topic areas for the “Bioenergy Technologies Office Scale-Up and Conversion” funding opportunity ( earlier post ): Scale-Up of Biotechnologies. Affordable, Clean Cellulosic Sugars for High Yield Conversion. Separations to Enable Biomass Conversion.

New Catalytic Process to Convert Cellulose Into Renewable Diesel and Gasoline

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Strategy for the conversion of solid cellulose to liquid hydrocarbon fuels. Researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison led by James Dumesic have developed a catalytic process to convert cellulose into liquid hydrocarbon fuels (diesel and gasoline), using a cascade strategy to achieve the progressive removal of oxygen from biomass, allowing the control of reactivity and facilitating the separation of products.

2010 210