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Single Pt atom catalysts show enhanced catalytic activity for water-splitting; potential to drive down electrolysis cost

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In an open-access paper published in Nature Communications , the researchers reported that the single Pt atom catalysts exhibit significantly enhanced catalytic activity (up to 37 times) and high stability in comparison to the state-of-the-art commercial platinum/carbon (Pt/C) catalysts.

2016 46

New version of Argonne lifecycle model for water footprint of biofuels now includes cellulosic feedstocks

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of the online tool Water Assessment for Transportation Energy Resources ( WATER ) this week. WATER adopts a water footprint methodology, and contains extensive climate, land use, water resource, and process water data. Water footprint accounting.

Study finds perennial biofuel crops’ water consumption similar to corn

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Evapotranspiration (ET) refers to the sum total of water lost while the plant is growing, either from evaporation through the plant stem itself (a process called “transpiration”), or from water evaporated off of the plant’s leaves or the ground. This knowledge gap exists for perennial vegetation in general in mesic environments, and has important implications for how landscape water balances will respond to climate change.

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HZB, 3M team explores water management in PFIA membranes for fuel cells; better performance at higher temps and low humidity

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These additional acidic sites on each hydrophilic side chain provide additional protons for the proton transport and allow for the formation of larger water channels. Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin (HZB) teamed up with 3M to explore the water management in PFIA membranes.

SRI developing process for co-gasification of methane and coal to produce liquid transportation fuels; negligible water consumption, no CO2

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Researchers from SRI International (SRI) are developing a methane-and-coal-to-liquids process that consumes negligible amounts of water and does not generate carbon dioxide. Lifecycle GHG comparison. Water consumption less than 235 kg/barrel. Top: Conventional F-T process.

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Cavitation Technologies Announces Results of Water-Diesel Emulsion Initial Testing

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CTI) new HydroFuel water-diesel blend indicates that using 10-20% water-in-oil emulsion (diesel) allows the reduction of fuel consumption by up to 12% and reduces the emission of NO x by 40%, and that of sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide by 50%. A recent trial at the CTI testing facility showed 17,269 BTU/lb with 10% water in #2 Diesel and 16,698 BTU/lb using a 15% water blend. Initial testing of Cavitation Technologies, Inc.

UC Davis ITS researchers take a detailed look at water consumption and withdrawal requirements for ethanol

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Water consumption intensity of ethanol from corn grain and crop residue and the avoided/displaced water use credits assigned to coproducts: DGS and electricity. While a number of studies have tired to assess the water consumption required for ethanol production, the results differ by orders of magnitude, with estimates ranging from 1.1 Comparison with fossil fuels. Ethanol Water

Researchers produce hydrogen from water and charcoal mix at room temperature using laser pulses

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Researchers at Wakayama University in Japan have produced a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide gas by irradiating a mixture of carbon powder and distilled water with intense nanosecond laser pulses at room temperature. mL volume of water.

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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Geely’s CRI investment and work with renewable methanol is similar to the approach Audi is taking with its own e-fuels projects—producing very low carbon liquid or gaseous fuels using only renewable energy, water and CO 2. Its first commercial-scale production plant obtains carbon dioxide from gas emissions from a geothermal power plant and hydrogen via electrolysis of water using renewable sources of energy from the Icelandic power grid (from hydro, geothermal and wind sources).

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Loop Energy collaborates with CRRC to develop fuel cell electric drive systems for heavy-duty trucks

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The power system to be developed for the initial project will combine Loop’s fuel cell technologies with CRRC’s leading electric drive train system to provide a better performing solution for heavy-duty trucks in comparison to traditional diesel engines.

2016 40

Renewable plastic precursor could reduce cost of cellulosic ethanol by >$2/gallon

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The DHP is then hydrated to 2-HY-THP and 2-HY-THP dimers in yields up to 100 % in the aqueous phase (20 wt % DHP in water) without a catalyst at temperatures from 343 to 403 K (70 to 130 ˚C). Comparison of costs and MSPs for the DHH pathway with the direct hydrogenolysis pathway.

2017 17

Toyota pops the hood on the technology of the fuel cell Mirai at SAE World Congress

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Conventionally, this is handled by recirculating water from the FC stack air outlet to the FC stack air inlet through a humidifier. The designers optimized the geometry and surface wettability of the flow field to draw water generated by the MEGA to the back surface of the 3D flow field.

2015 63

JCAP researchers propose protocol for standardized evaluation of OER catalysts for solar-fuel systems

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Electro-catalytic water splitting to produce hydrogen and oxygen is a key element of solar-fuels devices; identifying efficient catalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is critical to their realization.

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Berkeley Lab researchers devise ant-nest-like structure for promising Li-S electrodes

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After the laminate is casted via the doctor-blade method, the NaCl microparticles are removed from the composite electrode with a simple water washing step. The comparison of rate performance (b) and cycling performance (c) between CNT-S and CNT-nest-S cell, with a sulfur loading of 1.78

2016 38

Siemens integrates EV motor and inverter in single housing; common cooling and SKiN

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A key feature of the integrated drive unit was therefore the creation of a special cooling water system around the motor and inverter. The water flow system is designed in such a way that a kind of water screen is created between the inverter electronics and the motor.

Germany now has 7,407 public charging points; 14,531 filling stations

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A survey by Germany’s BDEW (Bundesverband der Energie- und Wasserwirtschaft), an association of energy and water companies, found that the number of public charge points in the country has grown to 7,407 as of the end of 2016. As a comparison, Germany had 14,531 filling stations (with multiple pumps, or “filling points”) active in 2016, down from a peak 46,091 in 1970.

Stanford team develops new approach to overcoming capacity fading in Lithium-sulfur batteries

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b) Comparison of cycling performance at C/2 with and without the PVP modification. Electrochemical performance of the modified hollow carbon nanofiber cathode. (a) a) Specific capacities of the PVP modified sulfur cathode at C/5, C/2 and 1C cycling rates. (b)

Panasonic and Tokyo Gas introduce home fuel cell unit for condominiums

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The product is the first commercialized fuel cell system in which the fuel cell unit, hot water unit and backup heat source unit can all be stored in the pipe shaft of the condominium. A pipe shaft is a space to store water and gas pipes that runs vertically through condominium floors. In comparison to detached houses, condominiums have more restrictions on the conditions for installations. Water tank capacity. Hot water unit. Hot water heater (standard type).

Renault previews new production-bound EV motor and dual-fuel gasoline/LPG engine

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Only the Power Electronic Controller continues to be cooled by water, adapted to its specific needs. The gains achieved in terms of fuel consumption in comparison with an LPG engine of the previous generation are around 20%.

2014 20

Lifecycle Study Finds Algae as Bioenergy Feedstock Has Higher Environmental Impacts than Conventional Crops in Energy Use, GHG Emissions, and Water Use; The Importance of Using Waste Streams

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Terrestrial bioenergy feedstock crops such as switchgrass, canola and corn have lower environmental lifecycle impacts than algae in energy use, greenhouse gas emissions, and water regardless of cultivation location, according to a new lifecycle assessment by researchers at the University of Virginia.

Mercedes-Benz introducing new diesel family in E 220 d this spring; new OM 654 with 13% lower fuel consumption; diesel “indispensable”

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The cylinder spacing was reduced from 94 to 90 mm in comparison with the previous engine. The efficiency is increased by the higher burning rate in comparison with the previous omega combustion bowl.

2016 38

USDA provides $91M loan guarantee to Cool Planet for biogasoline blendstock plant; biomass pyrolysis and catalytic conversion

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Gas chromatography comparison of Conoco fuel and a Conoco-CoolPlanet blend. The output from each catalytic array when cooled is comprised of volatile gases, renewable fuel and water. This excess carbon is highly porous and has beneficial water and nutrient retaining capabilities.

2014 28

Mercedes-Benz powering ahead with €3B strategic engine initiative; increasing electrification, 48V; diesel and gasoline; cylinder deactivation

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The 48 V electrical system serves not only high power consumers, such as the water pump and air-conditioning compressor, but also the Integrated Starter-Alternator (ISG), which also supplies energy to the battery by means of highly efficient energy recovery.

2016 34

PNNL study finds algal oil could replace 17% of US petroleum oil imports

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The study also found that shows that water use for algae cultivation is much less if algae are grown in the US regions that have the sunniest and most humid climates: the Gulf Coast, the Southeastern Seaboard and the Great Lakes. The paper is published in the journal Water Resources Research. Wigmosta and his co-authors provide the first in-depth assessment of America’s algal biofuel potential given available land and water. gallons of water per mile driven.

Water 13

Ford cuts manufacturing energy use 22% in 6 years; targeting additional 25% Drop by 2016

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Other successful initiatives—highlighted in Ford’s 13th annual Sustainability Report—include reductions in water use, waste-to-landfill and CO 2 emissions as well as improvements in vehicle fuel economy and safety. By comparison, average households in states like California, New York, Illinois and Michigan use between 562 kwh and 799 kwh monthly.

Toyota reports new real-time observation method sets stage for more efficient, durable fuel cell stacks

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The conventional method of platinum nanoparticle observation is a fixed-point comparison of pre-reaction platinum particles with post-reaction particles.

2015 26

ITM Power reports its estimated cost of producing hydrogen via electrolysis down significantly from last year

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Water price. Fueling cost comparison. ITM Power has provided an update on the cost structure of hydrogen generated by its HFuel electrolysis platform. The new estimated cost —US$4.13/kg after capital amortization—incorporates efficiency improvements, cost reduction of its HGas platform and data provided by Hyundai for the ix35 fuel cell electric vehicle ( earlier post ). ITM Power projects hydrogen cost at £4.19/kg (US$6.44/kg), a 32.7%

KPMG study identifies 10 sustainability “megaforces” with accelerating impacts on business; imperative of sustainability changing the automotive business radically

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The KPMG study, “Expect the Unexpected: Building Business Value in a Changing World”, explores issues such as climate change, energy and fuel volatility, water availability and cost and resource availability, as well as population growth spawning new urban centers.

Study finds that environmental impact of corn-ethanol E85 is 23% to 33% higher than that of gasoline; environmental problem-shifting

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eutrophication; ET = ecological toxicity; FEC = fossil energy consumption; WU = water use; LO = land occupation; “The rest” includes acidification; smog formation; ozone layer depletion; and human health effects. Environmental impacts of gasoline and E85.

Thordon Bearings Retrofitting Ocean-Going Vessels With Seawater-Lubricated Propeller Shaft Bearings To Reduce Stern-Tube Oil Pollution; Annual Leaks Estimated at About 2x Exxon Valdez Spill

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By comparison, the Exxon Valdez oil tanker discharged 41.6 To promote early formation of a hydrodynamic film between the shaft and bearing, the lower (loaded) portion of the bearing is smooth, while the upper half of the bearing incorporates grooves for flow of the water lubricant/coolant. Thordon Water Quality Package. The Thordon Water Quality Package is designed to supply seawater to the stern tube bearings for lubrication and cooling at a minimum flow rate of 0.15

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Researchers exploring development of biofilms for remediation of oilsands tailings

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Tailings contain water, sand, clay, residual bitumen, heavy metals, naphtha diluent, and naphthenic acids (NAs); the latter contribute to the toxicity of the tailings ponds, which are managed under a zero discharge policy. Those consortia of biofilms are able to, slowly, detoxify the water.

Renault makes public its lifecycle study of Fluence ICE vs Fluence EV

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Renault’s comparison of the carbon footprint of EV and ICE vehicles over production, operation and end of life. water, and non-renewable energies (crude oil, coal.) The EV footprint (Fluence Z.E.) is shown with both UK and French grid mixes. Click to enlarge.

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TU Berlin team develops multifunctional catalyst for ORR and OER for fuel cells or rechargeable metal-air batteries

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A team from Technische Universität Berlin now reports developing cobalt-manganese-based (CoMn 2 O 4 and MnCo 2 O 4 ) spinel microspheres as highly efficient multifunctional catalysts that unify the electrochemical OER with oxidant-driven and photocatalytic water oxidation as well as the ORR. The as-prepared spinels display excellent performances in electrochemical OER for the cubic MnCo 2 O 4 phase in comparison to the tetragonal CoMn 2 O 4 material in an alkaline medium.

Univ. of Regina researchers propose new enhanced heavy oil recovery process for Western Canada

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the thickness of the zone in which the oil or bitumen resides—in presence of bottom water zone and/or with high water saturation in the pay zone, the thermal methods tend to be neither effective nor economical due to significant heat loss and large heating and water source requirement.

Water 12

DOE issues $35M funding opportunity for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies

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Hydrogen Production R&D: High-Temperature Water Splitting compatible with renewable and sustainable energy sources; Advanced Compression; and Advanced Vacuum Insulation for automotive applications. AOI 1 Topic 1: Hydrogen Production R&D: Advanced High‐Temperature Water Splitting.

2015 43

Studies find oil sands-derived crude oil no more corrosive in pipelines than other crudes

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Guide G205 is a step toward the creation of an industry-wide standard test to measure the corrosivity of different crude oils under pipeline conditions, since it describes test methods that enable a direct comparison of the corrosivity of crude oils from various sources. In the absence of water, the crude oil is noncorrosive. Both scientific research and industrial experience have found that bitumen-derived crude oil (i.e.,

Renault unveils electric ZOE e-Sport Concept; 0-100 km/h in 3.2 seconds

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By comparison, rules laid down by motorsport’s governing body the FIA, limit Formula E single-seaters to 270 bhp. As in Formula E, an air-and-water cooling system with a front-mounted radiator is used to make sure that the battery and control systems operate at the ideal temperature.

U. Mich study: natural-gas-based ICE, BEV and FCV all show promise for environmental benefits relative to conventional ICE

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In addition to ensuring the same energy source, the analysis was conducted such that the same functional unit and system boundary are assumed for all of the three mobility options, to facilitate a direct comparison of their respective environmental footprints. water depletion potential (WDP).

A closer look at the basics of Volkswagen Group’s important new 2.0L diesel MDB engine

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The outlet is located in the bottom plate with connection to the cylinder block, which takes the return of the water. TDI had already used indirect water-cooled charge air cooling were used. Comparison of the new charge air intercooling system (right) with its predecessor (left).

U Glasgow chemists develop new electrolyzer architecture for H2 production 30X faster than current electrolyzers at equivalent platinum loading

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The method uses a recyclable redox mediator (silicotungstic acid) that enables the coupling of low-pressure production of oxygen via water oxidation to a separate, catalytic hydrogen production step outside an electrolyzer that requires no post-electrolysis energy input.