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DOE: US gasoline taxes dropped below 20% of total price in 2015

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Fuel taxes in the United States in 2015 accounted for 19% of the price of a gallon of gasoline, down from just under 30% in 1990, according to figures compiled by the US Department of Energy (DOE). Japan’s gasoline taxes were nearly half of the price in those years.

Mercedes-Benz powering ahead with €3B strategic engine initiative; increasing electrification, 48V; diesel and gasoline; cylinder deactivation

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The new six-cylinder in-line gasoline engine M 256 features a 48 V electrical system. The M 256 is the first member of a new family of premium gasoline engines that have for the first time been systematically designed for electrification from the outset.

2016 34

UMTRI study finds total cost of ownership of diesels in US often much less than gasoline counterparts

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The report— Total Cost of Ownership: A Diesel Versus Gasoline Comparison (2012-2013) —was underwritten by Robert Bosch LLC. Percentage differences in miles per gallon (mpg) between comparable diesel and gasoline vehicle pairs.

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Volkswagen introduces new 1L, 3-cylinder gasoline Golf; 54.7 mpg

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mpg US) (99 g/km CO 2 )—more efficient than any previous Golf with a gasoline engine. The new TSI engine also offers the highest specific torque of any large-scale production series gasoline engines: 200 N·m per liter displacement. Golf Comparisons.

2015 28

CMU study finds small battery PHEVs and gasoline hybrids the least-cost policy solution to reducing gasoline consumption

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Comparison of current federal subsidy to base case assumptions showing lifetime fuel savings (HomeEve charging scenario). An EPA estimate based on the Chevy Volt’s reported efficiency is also included for comparison. In all cases, HEVs and PHEVs save gasoline over conventional vehicles.

UMTRI study finds US diesel vehicles generally have lower total cost of ownership than gasoline vehicles

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Diesel vehicles generally saved owners between $2,000 to $6,000 in total ownership costs during a three to five year period when compared to similar gasoline vehicles, according to data compiled by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI).

First pump sales of Gevo isobutanol-blended gasoline in US at Express Lube Service Station in Texas

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announced that Express Lube of Fredericksburg, Texas, is the first US service station to sell gasoline blended with Gevo’s renewable isobutanol at the pump. Gevo anticipates this to be the first of many retail locations to offer the product as the company rolls out its isobutanol to the marina, outdoor equipment and off-road gasoline markets. Gevo, Inc.

Study finds ethanol blending appears to reduce significantly genotoxic emissions from gasoline direct injection vehicles

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These vehicles have been introduced promising enhanced engine power and fuel efficiency and hence lower CO 2 emissions in comparison with PFI vehicles. Upper diagrams compare PAH reductions (%) from E10 (left) and E85 (right) blends relative to gasoline (E0).

Argonne: longer-range BEVs may be almost as powertrain energy dense as gasoline vehicles by 2045

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Despite projected improvements in battery technology, this form of energy storage is still expected to be significantly less energy dense than gasoline even by 2045. Comparison of powertrain energy density at the wheel of BEVs as a ratio to gasoline-powered conventional vehicle.

Electric-Car Withdrawal: Gasoline Cars Now Feel Loud, Crude

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The 2012 Ford Focus is one of the most impressive of the latest compact cars, but in comparison to day-to-day driving After more than 11,000 miles driving solely on electric power in our 2011 Nissan Leaf and Chevy Volt, we now find our Volt in the body shop. So for longer trips, our "extended-range vehicle" is a rented 2012 Ford Focus SEL model.

Primus Green Energy produces 100-octane gasoline at commercial demonstration gas-to-liquids plant; improvement to STG+ technology

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a gas-to-liquids (GTL) technology and solutions company that transforms methane and other hydrocarbon gases into gasoline and methanol ( earlier post ), has successfully produced 100-octane gasoline at its commercial demonstration plant in Hillsborough, New Jersey. Syngas-to-Gasoline.

Audi introducing supercharged gasoline engine version of SQ5 SUV at Detroit Show

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Audi will introduce an SQ5 model powered by a supercharged gasoline engine at the upcoming Detroit Auto Show; heretofore, the SQ5 was only powered by a 3.0-liter V6 TDI Biturbo diesel, and was not available in the US.

Swiss company outlines methanol-to-gasoline option for Alaska North Slope gas to state legislature

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Methanol-to-gasoline process flow diagram. The resulting methanol would be blended with crude and transported via the trans-Alaska oil pipeline to Valdez, where it would be extracted from the oil and processed via Methanol-to-Gasoline technology into gasoline.

Study finds that environmental impact of corn-ethanol E85 is 23% to 33% higher than that of gasoline; environmental problem-shifting

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Environmental impacts of gasoline and E85. In a similar way, the full breadth of impacts attributable to conventional gasoline production, such as natural resource consumption and hazardous pollutant emissions, must also be considered in order to make balanced comparisons to biofuels.

CMU team identifies IVOCs emissions from on-road gasoline vehicles and small off-road engines as important SOA precursors

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A team from Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) has characterized the intermediate volatility organic compound (IVOC) emissions from on-road gasoline vehicles (LDGVs) and small off-road gasoline engines (SOREs). The researchers said their results clearly demonstrate that IVOCs from gasoline engines are an important class of SOA precursors. Emissions from on-road light-duty gasoline vehicles (LDGVs) are a major contributor to secondary organic aerosol (SOA) in urban environments.

EIA forecast of 2014 US gasoline use has risen 2 billion gallons (1.6%) in past 10 months

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The US Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) short-term forecasts of US gasoline consumption, which cover the current and upcoming calendar year, have risen 1.6% The latest Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) expects 2014 gasoline consumption to be 8.82 The STEO gasoline consumption estimates include the volumes of ethanol contained in all gasoline-ethanol mixtures, including both E10 and higher blends.

Hybrid Cars Can Cost Less To Own: Here Are Eight Examples

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Sometimes, hybrids actually cost less to own than comparable gasoline models. RELATED: Ford Fusion Vs Hyundai Sonata: Mid-Size Sedan Gas Mileage Comparison According to Hybrids and other green cars often come with a higher purchase price, meaning their improved efficiency may be offset by a higher cost of ownership. But that''s not always the case.

Electric-Car Study Controversy, Diesel Ownership Costs, Tesla P85D Drag Race: Today's Car News

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Today we''ve got a study that--despite headlines to the contrary--doesn''t say "electric cars aren''t green," a comparison of diesel and gasoline-car ownership costs, and video of a Tesla Model S P85D trouncing a Ferrari in a drag race. All this and more on Green Car Reports. Imagine electric-car charging stations every 25 miles. France could have

NREL report estimates gasoline produced from biomass could cost about the same as ethanol

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Current case design block flow diagram of thermochemical gasoline from biomass-derived methanol and the methanol-to-gasoline process. A new report from the US Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) concludes that gasoline produced via the methanol-to-gasoline (MTG) route ( earlier post ) using syngas from a 2,000 dry metric tonne/day (2,205 US ton/day) biomass-fed facility could have a plant gate price (PGP) of $1.95/gallon US ($0.52/liter).

New UMTRI paper reviews major advantages and disadvantages of battery-electric and fuel-cell vehicles

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The team of Brandon Schoettle and Dr. Michael Sivak also incudes information for current gasoline-powered internal combustion engines as a baseline comparison. For current gasoline-powered ICE vehicles at an average fuel economy of 23.3

2016 47

EEA: Fuel efficiency improvements of new cars in Europe slowed in 2016

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of new sales, followed by gasoline vehicles (47%), and alternatively fueled vehicles (3.3%, including electric vehicles). In comparison with 2015, the average mass of new cars sold in 2016 in the EU increased slightly to reach 1,388 kg.

2017 36

DOE releases final report from 6-year national fuel cell vehicle demo; key targets met, with twice the efficiency of today’s gasoline vehicles

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NREL also found that these early fuel cell vehicles achieved more than twice the efficiency of today’s gasoline vehicles. In 2009, NREL expanded this CDP to include a comparison of the efficiency at full power, for which DOE’s target was 50% net system efficiency. More recently, the significant on-road data that have been obtained from second- and first-generation vehicles allowed a comparison of the real-world driving ranges of all the vehicles in the project.

Study finds 80% reduction in atmospheric CO as a result of gasoline car emissions policies

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New research published today (23 May) in Scientific Reports has found a marked and progressive 80% decline in atmospheric CO (carbon monoxide) in SE England since 1997, following adoption of strict controls on gasoline vehicle emissions begin in the 1990s.

Study finds total PM10 emissions from EVs equal to those of modern ICEVs; role of weight and non-exhaust PM

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Compared to an average gasoline ICEV, the EV emits 3% less PM 2.5 ; compared to an average diesel ICEV, the EV emits 1% less PM 2.5. Comparison of the expected total emissions of PM10 for EVs, gasoline ICEVs and diesel ICEVs. mg/vkm for gasoline cars and 2.4

2016 53

Neste files patent on gasoline fuels with high bioenergy content

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Neste, currently largest producer of renewable drop-in fuels (primarily diesel) with its NEXBTL platform ( earlier post ), has filed a patent ( US20150144087 ) on a gasoline composition (and the method for making it) comprising up to 20 vol% (preferably from about 10-15 vol.%), of paraffinic bio-hydrocarbons originating from the NEXBTL process. The resulting fuels with high bioenergy content can be used in conventional gasoline-fueled automotive engines. Fuel comparison.

ORNL team reviews fuel-injection strategies for low-temperature gasoline compression ignition

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While achieving LTC with diesel fuel over a wide operating range has been shown to be difficult for several reasons, gasoline, with its high volatility and low chemical reactivity, offers a more attractive fuel option for LTC.

Achates Power building 2.7L opposed-piston light-duty engine; exceeding CAFE 2025, Tier 3 targets at lower cost

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six-piston) light-duty version of its opposed piston engine (OPE) in both diesel- and gasoline-fueled versions. The 30-50% improvement metric encompasses both gasoline and diesel variants of the OP engine. A comparison between the 2.7L

2017 46

Shell Launches New Nitrogen Enriched Gasolines

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Shell has introduced Nitrogen Enriched Gasoline in all three grades. Gunk has a porous surface that can trap the gasoline that is sprayed by the fuel injector; as a result, the fuel charge does not get in the cylinder at the right time, thus negatively affecting combustion.

EPRI: lifetime cost of ownership of plug-ins is roughly comparable with conventional vehicles

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In particular, the report analyzes the Chevrolet Volt and Nissan LEAF in comparison with a limited set of current conventional and hybrid vehicles. The sensitivities suggest that increases and decreases in gasoline prices will have a significant impact on the relative costs of PEVs, but that state incentives or rebates and equivalent vehicle price changes will have an even larger impact on cost tradeoffs.

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New lifecycle analysis of WTW GHG emissions of diesel and gasoline refined in US from Canadian oil sands crude

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In a new, comprehensive study, a team from Argonne National Laboratory, Stanford University and UC Davis ITS has estimated the well-to-wheels (WTW) GHG emissions of US production of gasoline and diesel sourced from Canadian oil sands.

Promising Delphi 1st-gen Gasoline Direct Injection Compression Ignition engine meeting ultra fuel efficient program targets

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GDCI engine was significantly better than advanced production spark injection gasoline engines, and comparable to very efficient hybrid vehicle engines at their best efficiency conditions (214 g/kWh).

Mercedes-Benz introduces latest E 200 Natural Gas Drive and E 220 BlueTEC BlueEFFICIENCY Edition

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The E200 NGD can run on either gasoline or natural gas; benefits of running the car on natural gas include a 20% reduction in CO 2 emissions compared with comparable operation using gasoline, and much lower fuel costs. Benz gasoline engines. E 200 Natural Gas Drive.

Study shows viability of RCCI in a two-stroke engine; higher efficiency than direct-injection spark ignition

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For their study, the ERC team modified a two-stroke outboard engine to accommodate two direct fuel injectors for RCCI combustion in one cylinder, while the production direct-injection spark ignition combustion system was maintained in the other cylinder for comparison of performances at equivalent operating conditions. However, RCCI experiments with gasoline and n-heptane (higher volatility) proved to be successful.

Study finds butanol-gasoline blends effective to control soot from CI engines under Low Temperature Combustion

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(Left) Thermal efficiency and ( right ) soot from different gasoline-butanol blends at different EGR rates. A study by a team at Tianjin University found that the addition of n-butanol to gasoline for use in a compression ignition engine (CI) under Low Temperature Combustion (LTC) conditions has a significant effect on soot reduction. High octane fuels such as gasoline are preferred for high-efficiency and clean combustion at high engine loads, the Tianjin researchers note.

Brazilian biofuels with LUC may have much higher non-GHG emissions than conventional gasoline and diesel

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Comparisons of life-cycle emissions from LUC phase for (a) sugar cane ethanol and (b) soybean biodiesel. The climate effects of land-use changes from increasing biofeedstock acreage, both indirect and direct, have dominated policy discussion, and focused on comparisons in long-lived GHGs.

California Gasoline Consumption Rose 0.6% in May; Diesel Declined 7%

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California gasoline consumption rose 0.6% May 2009 gasoline sold for use on California roads totaled 1,291 million gallons of gasoline. A month-to-month comparison shows that gasoline consumption rose 3.5% The average California gasoline price at the pump in May was $2.53 Gasoline sold at the lower price in May generated approximately $241 million in sales tax during that month, an estimated $139 million less than was generated last year.

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CMU analysis finds BEVs powered with natural gas-based electricity have about 40% of the lifecycle GHGs of a conventional gasoline vehicle

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According to a new lifecycle analysis by a team at Carnegie Mellon University, a battery electric vehicle (BEV) powered with natural gas-based electricity achieves around an average 40% lifecycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction when compared to a conventional gasoline vehicle.

U Wisc. study explores effects of biodiesel-gasoline blend in diesel engine

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One high-efficiency combustion concept under investigation is gasoline compression ignition (GCI)—the use of gasoline-like fuels to deliver very low NO x and PM emissions as well as high efficiency in a diesel compression ignition engine. A challenge to be overcome with this approach is the higher resistance to autoignition of gasoline fuels. The commercially available gasoline base had an octane number of 87.

ICCT: 2025 target average of 70 g/km CO2 for new cars in EU feasible and economical; more so with electric drive

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The FEV data are combined with supplemental data to generate CO 2 cost curves for ten EU vehicle classes (diesel B, C, D, E, SUV, and LCV classes and gasoline B, C, D, and E classes).

2016 42

UMTRI study finds diesel vehicles save owners thousands in total ownership costs compared to gasoline vehicles

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Drivers of diesel vehicles can save thousands of dollars in total ownership costs compared to similar gasoline vehicles, according to a University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI) study. In the three-year timeframe comparison, diesel vehicles in the mass-market passenger car segment are estimated to save owners significant money, with the VW Jetta owner saving $3,128, the VW Jetta Sportwagen owner saving $3,389 and the VW Golf owner saving an estimated $5,013.